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1. SoulWax/2ManyDJs Introversy & Disco Mix for BBC 2009

  • Published: 2014-01-30T17:02:57Z
  • By introooo
SoulWax/2ManyDJs Introversy & Disco Mix for BBC 2009

00:00 Introversy - 420 intros in 60 minutes Neil – Heavy Concept Album Philip Bailey & Phil Collins - Easy Lover Quartz - Quartz Godley & Creme - Englishman In New York Automat - The Rise Virgin Prunes - Baby Turns Blue Zombie Nation - Forza Arpadys - Monkey Star Methusalem - The Black Hole Gianni Safred - Jazz Computer Magical Ring - Black Safari Killing Joke - Love Like Blood Felix - Elvi$ The Sonics - Have Love Will Travel Adam & The Ants - Deutscher Girls The Rah Band - The Crunch Van Halen - Sunday Afternoon In The Park Flash & The Pan - Midnight Man Munich Machine - Space Warrior Zombie Nation - Worth It Donna Summer - I Feel Love Deborah Washington - Nothing But Drums The Band - The Shape I'm In Delta 5 - Mind Your Own Business The B-52's - Dirty Back Road Todd Rundgren - Where Does The Time Go Tellier/Sebastian/Oizo - Bonhomme Mc5 - Kick Out The Jam Steely Dan - Do It Again Mc5 - Kick Out The Jams Jimi Hendrix - Up From The Skies Vashti Bunyan - Some Things Just Stick In Your Mind Heart - Barracuda Anarchic System - Popcorn Amnesia - Ibiza Trio - Da Da Da The Motors - Airport Chic - Le Freak The Undertones - Teenage Kicks Thin Lizzy - Jailbreak Nick Stryker Band - Walk In The Park Human League - The Lebanon Armando - 100% Of Disin U Maurice - This Is Acid Primal Scream - Rocks Ymo - Behind The Mask Fleur De Lys - Circles Yello - Bostitch Dr Hook - Baby Makes Her Blue Jeans Talk Kraftwerk - Computer World Artful Dodger - Rewind The Sweet - Fox On The Run Clor - Good Stuff Late Of The Pier - Bathroom Gurgle Graham Coxon - Freakin Out Supergrass - Richard Iii Raconteurs - Five On The Five The Who - I Can't Explain The Nazz - Open My Eyes Small Faces - Watcha Gonna Do About It The Knack - My Sharona The Stranglers - Something Better Change Bob Seger - Hollywood Nights Modo - Eins Zwei Polizei Nick Lowe - So It Goes Squarepusher - My Red Hot Car Toni Basil - Hey Micky Robert Palmer - Johnny & Mary Jane Birkin - Ex-Fans Des Sixties Siouxsie & The Banshees - Hong Kong Garden Xtc - Making Plans For Nigel Sonic Youth - Kool Thing Nirvana - Breed Laurie Anderson - O Superman Art Of Noise - Moments In Love Sexual Harrassment - If I Gave You A Party Devo - Whip It Mountain - Mississipi Queen Pantera - I'm Broken Martha & The Muffins - Echo Beach Squeeze - Cool For Cats Elton John - Saturday Night's Alright For Fighting The Beatles - Helter Skelter The Black Crowes - Remedy The Kinks - Lola Black Sabbath - Iron Man The Jags - Back Of Your Hand De Brassers - ??? (Aka Ik Wil Eruit) Jermaine Jackson & Pia Zadora - When The Rain Begin To Fall Ginuwine - Pony The Stranglers - Peaches Elton John - Bennie And The Jets David Bowie - Moonage Daydream Berlin - Overload Cream - Politician Neil Young - Ohio Metronomy - A Thing For Me (Breakbot Remix) The Upsetters - Wrap Your War T Rex - Monolith Ll Cool J - I'm Bad John Kay - I'm Movin On Wings - Band On The Run Tears For Fears - Sowing The Seeds Of Love Queen - Dragon Attack Vangelis - The Dragon Muddy Waters - Tom Cat Zz Top - Manic Mechanic Rare Earth - I Just Want To Celebrate The Belle Stars - The Clapping Song St. Tropez - Belle De Jour New Electronic System - Put Your Hands In The Air Rush - Tom Sawyer Late Of The Pier - Random Firl Tony Carey - Radio Tokyo Placebo - Balek Fern Kinney - Baby Let Me Kiss You Logic System - Unit Carly Simon - Why Bangles - Walk Like An Egyptian Paul Mc Cartney - Wonderful Christmas Time Selda - Yaz Gazeteci Yaz Motorhead - White Line Fever Small Faces - Collibosher Caetano Veloso - Irene Disco Four - Throwdown Zz Top - I'm Bad I'm Nationwide Georgie Fame & The Blue Flames - Yeh Yeh Stevie Wonder - Too High Japan - Visions Of China Jimi Hendrix - Spanish Castle Magic Bobby Conn - Never Get Ahead George Harrison - When We Was Fab Captain Sensible - Wot Shirley (And Company) - Shame, Shame, Shame Wendy & Lisa - Are You My Baby Sophie B. Hawkins - Damn I Wish I Was Your Lover The O'jays - For The Love Of Money Kinks - Big Sky Janko Nilovic - Pop Bazaar Beastie Boys - So Watcha Want Rolling Stones - Monkey Man Lynsey De Paul - Sugar Me The Beatles - Sexy Sadie Musical Youth - Pass The Dutchie Frank Zappa - Willie The Pimp Todd Rundgren - Hello It's Me En Vogue - Don't Let Go The Guess Who - American Woman Peter Godwin - French Emotions Kyuss - One Inch Man Elo - Showdown Japan - Taking Islands In Africa Metallica - One Adriano Celentano - Prisencolinensinainciusol Randy Crawford - Street Life France Gall - Il Jouait Piano Debout Van Halen - Running With The Devil The Pretenders - Brass In Pocket Pierre Cavalli - Un Soir Chez Norris Jape - Floating The Streets - Don't Mug Yourself Notorious Big - Hypnotize Marlena Shaw - California Soul Brandy & Monica - The Boy Is Mine Caroline Loeb - C'est La Ouate Steve Miller Band - My Dark Hour Elvis Costello - I Dont Want To Go To Chelsea Andrews Sisters - Rum & Coca-Cola Althea & Donna - Uptown Top Ranking Alan Hawkshaw - Theme From Grange Hill David Bowie - Young Amercians Rolling Stones - Memo From Turner Shugie Otis - Strawberry Letter Nine Inch Nails - Closer Jimmy Castor Bunch - Bertha Butt Boogie Jean Knight - Mr Big Stuff Charles Wright - Express Yourself Talk Talk - Life Is What You Make It Beenie Man - Who Am I Mick Jagger & Peter Tosh - Dont Look Back Jeanette - Por Que Te Vas Dillinger - Cocaine Stretch - Why Did You Do It Sophia George - Girlie Girlie Kool & The Gang - Hollywood Swinging The Kinks - Waterloo Sunset Roger Glover - Love Is All Alan Parsons Project - Eye In The Sky David Dundas - Jeans On Living Colour - Cult Of Personality Sly & The Family Stone - In Time Elliott Smith - Son Of Sam Kid Creole & The Coconuts - I'm A Wonderful Thing Baby Axel Bauer - Cargo De Nuit Jona Lewie - Kitchen At Parties Small Faces - Ogden's Nut Gone Flake Hot Chocolate - So You Win Again Arctic Monkeys - I Bet You Look Good On The Dancefloor Tulio De Piscopo - Primavera Badfinger - Come And Get It White Town - Your Woman The Confettis - Sound Of C Evil Superstar - Oh Girl D.A.F - Der Raußer Und Die Prinz Sebastien Tellier - La Ritournelle Mistral - Starship 109 Boston - More Than A Feeling Sly Fox - Let It All Blow The Jb's - Grunt Eric B & Rakim - I Know You Got Soul Digital Underground - Dowutchyalike New Edition - Candy Girl Ministry - Work For Love Nu Shooz - I Can't Wait Newleus - Jam On It Mantronix - Got To Have Your Love Beatie Boys - Shake Your Rump Alice In Chains - Man In The Box Portishead - Machine Gun Chic - Funny Bone James Ingram - Drumbeat Johnny Wakelin - In Zaire The Chambers Brothers - Let's Get Funky Brad - 20th Century Heart - Magic Man Pivot - Didn't I Furious Billy Bond - Tontos Men Without Hats - Safety Dance Stevie Wonder - All Day Sucker Fox - S-S-S-Single Bed The Monks - I Can Do Anything You Like Stepper Muffs - Stars Philippa Cataldo - Les Divas Du Dancing Jeff Lynne - Doin' That Crazy Thing Demis Roussos - Let It Happen John Forde - Stardance The Kinks - Wicked Annabella Heaven 17 - Let Me Go Asha Puthli - Money Ween - Voodoo Lady Prince - Hot Thing Rene & Angela - I'll Be Good Weathermen - Poison The The - Giant Space Art - Love Machine Belle Epoque - Miss Broadway Jane's Addiction - Been Caught Stealing Malcolm Mclaren - Buffalo Gals Mean Machine - Grandmaster Dst Snowy Red - Euroshima Salsoul Orchestra - Nice 'N' Nasty Herman's Rocket - Space Woman Guns N' Roses - Mr. Brownstone Billy Preston - Nothing From Nothing Air - Sexy Boy Gary Numan - Metal Captain Beefheart - Clear Spot Arbeid Adelt - Death Disco The Breeders - Cannonball Blood, Sweat & Tears - Spinning Wheel M - Pop Muzik The Pointer Sisters - Automatic Stephen Malkmus - Pencil Rot Chemise - She Can't Love You Stevie Wonder - Don't You Worry Bout A Thing Minnie Ripperton - Loving You Space Art - Onyx Fleetwood Mac - Dreams Grand Funk Railroad - American Band Rick Dees & His Cast Of Idiots - Disco Duck The Baronet - The Pelican Dance Arpadys - All The Bass Boney M - Felicidad Deniece Williams - Let's Hear It For The Boys Ryan Paris - La Dolce Vita Space - Magic Fly Pavement - Range Life Dr Hook - When You're In Love With A Beautiful Woman Lio - Amoureux Solitaires Freeez - Iou Lou Reed - Vicious Donna Summer - Hot Stuff Sonic Youth - 100% Paul Ritchie - Come On Back The Gap Band - Burn Rubber On Me Gls Unit - Rapper's Deutsch Vivien Vee - Alright Steve Miller - Serenade Boz Scaggs - Lowdown Pino D'angio - Ma Quale Idea Lenny Kravitz - Stop Draggin' Around Idle Race - Hurry Up John Mike Proctor - Mr. Commuter Jacqueline Taieb - 7 Heures Du Matin In Flagranti - Black & Grey Stripped Trousers Love Unlimited Orchestra - Welcome Aboard Headman - It Rough Zodiac - Pacific Korgis - Boots & Shoes Carol Jiani - Hit N' Run Lover Rinder & Lewis - Willie And The Hand Jive Time - Shaker Shake Kuruki - Crocodile Tears Haruomi Hosono - Cosmic Surfin' Gino Soccio - Remember Hercule - Sunday Morning Fever Second Image - Is It Me Charles B & Adonis - Lack Of Love Chas Jankel - Glad To Know You Gary Walker & The Rain - If You Don't Come Back Human Resource - Dominator Telex - Moscow Diskow Janis Ian - Fly Too High Raincoat - It Came In The Night Mister K. - Jig A La Mode Jean-Michel Jarre - Oxygene (Part Iv) Moon Birds - Energy Mc-1 Elo - Shine A Little Love Shocking Blue - Ink Pot Human League - Rock N' Roll Pussy Cat - Aucune Fille Au Monde Los Canarios - Trying So Hard Grauzone - Eisbaer John Foxx - Underpass Dave Edmunds - On The Road Again Micky & Joyce - Ma' Jackson 808 State - Lemon (Oberheim 4 Mix) Simple Minds - I Travel Jeff Wayne - Eve Of The War Booker T. & The Mg's - Mo' Onions Blur - Coffee & Tv Kat Mandu - The Break Automat - The Rise Lulu - The Man Who Sold The World Supertramp - Logical Song Seelenluft - Manila In Flagranti - Brash & Vulgar Free - Alright Now Ac/Dc - Hell Ain't A Bad Place To Be Soraya - Soraya Funk Bowie - Look Back In Anger Stranglers - Strange Little Girl Roxy Music - Love Is The Drug Abba - Summer Night City Duran Duran - Planet Earth Ymo - Rydeen Blondie - Call Me The Guess Who - It's My Pride Killing Joke - Change Robert Palmer - Clues P'cock - Silver Swallow Michel Polnareff - Ca N'arrive Qu'aux Autres Amon Duul Ii - Deutsch Nepal The Rolling Stones - Can't You Hear Me Knocking Bill Withers - Use Me Cactus - Evil Taco - Puttin' On The Ritz Alan Parsons Project - Mammagamma Edgar Winter - Frankenstein Truth - Hey Gyp The Who - My Generation The Sonics - The Witch Rondos - System Ween - The Mollusk Orchestral Manoeuvres In The Dark - Electricity The Spencer Davis Group - Gimme Some Lovin George Jinda - Funky Daddy Lil Wayne - A Millie Die Doraus Und Die Marinas - Fred Von Jupiter Steve Harley - Make Me Smile The Cardigans - Choke Sparks - Amateur Hour Plastic Bertrand - Ca Plane Pour Moi Tame Impala - Half Full Glass Of Wine Pulp - Common People The Velvelettes - Really Saying Something Lene Lovich - Lucky Number Pretenders - Message Of Love Your Twenties - Caught Wheel Siouxsie & The Banshees - Happy House Pj Harvey - Down By The Water Mink Deville - Spanish Stroll Dick Hyman - Topless Dancers Of Corfu The Beatles - A Hard Day's Night The Stooges - I Wanna Be Your Dog Soundgarden - Hands All Over Franz Ferdinand - Take Me Out Fleetwood Mac - The Chain Faith No More - Epic Mud - Tiger Feet Sigue Sigue Sputnik - Video Trailer Mix Freddie Mas - Bathing In The Boil Prodigy - Poison Buffalo Springfield - For What It's Worth Amboy Dukes - Baby Please Don't Go The Zombies - Time Of The Season Happy Mondays - Step On John Forde - Don't You Know Who Did It Tc Matic - Oh La La La Lio - Sage Comme Une Image Porno For Pyros - Pets Joe Jackson - Is She Really Going Out With Him Wham - Everything She Wants Smiths - How Soon Is Now? Simple Minds - This Fear Of Gods Bee Gees - Jive Talkin Kevin Ayers - Song For Insane Times Led Zeppelin - Trampled Underfoot Elastik Band - Spazz Iron Butterfly - In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida Bachman-Turner Overdrive - You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet The Clash - The Magnificent Seven Visage - Fade To Grey The Shangri-La's - Leader Of The Pack Talking Heads - Once In A Lifetime The Who - Baba O Riley Scissor Sisters - Comfortably Numb Human League - Don't You Want Me Laura Brannigan - Gloria The Smiths - There Is A Light That Never Goes Out Sirius Mo - Meine Welt Ist Wunderbar Van Halen - Hot For Teacher The Flying Lizards - Money The Cure - Let's Go To Bed Rolling Stones - Undercover Of The Night David Bowie - Ashes To Ashes The Smashing Pumpkins - 1979 Mgmt - Kids White Stripes - The Hardest Button To Button 01:00 Disco Mix Walter Murphy - A Fifth Of Beethoven (Soulwax Beathoven Edit) Suzi Lane - Harmony Giorgio Moroder - I Wanna Rock You Chilly - Dance With Me Models - J.R. Robot Jeff Wayne - The Eve Of The War Rhetta Hughes - Angel Man (G.A) Midtown Version Instrumental Big Bear - Pussy Feet Munich Machine - Space Warrior Leb Harmony - Feeling Love Bizzy & Co - Take A Chance Hercule - Sunday Morning Fever Automat - Genius Love Unlimited Orchestra - Welcome Aboard Tulio De Piscopo - Temptation Abba - Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! Ryan Paris - Dolce Vita (Extended Remix) Topo & Roby - Under The Ice Vangelis - Pulstar (Soulwax Edit) Trans Volta - Disco Computer Ian Dury & The Blockheads - Reasons To Be Cheerful Pt3 In Flagranti - Brash & Vulgar Rinder & Lewis - Willie And The Hand Jive Bamboo - Space Ship Crashing Soraya - Soraya Funk Magnifique - Magnifique Pt2 Action Minet - Hello Drummy Girl Macho - Because There Is Music In The Air Rockets - Galactica Micky & Joyce - Hold Up The Monks - I Can Dub Anything You Like Royal Port - Henchman Was Tin Christian Bruhn - Wessen Das (King & Hound Edit) John Forde - Stardance Asha Puthli - Money Double You Zee - Night Time Herman's Rocket - Space Woman Stepper Muffs - Stars Kazino - Binary Kirlian Camera - Blue Room (Instrumental) Jakki - Sun Sun Sun (K-Civ Edit) Tiga - Love Don't Dance Here Anymore (Instrumental) El Coco - Mad As Hell Caplin Band - Il Veliero Boney M - Nightflight To Venus The Three Degrees - The Runner (Soulwax Edit) Tantra - Hills Of Katmandu Frank Zappa - Dancin' Fool (Soulwax Edit) Jean-Luc Drion - Disco-Action

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ §5OO!Iı☞ ᴆ ᴀ ᴙ ᴋ`↯ z͡ ᴇ ɴ † ᴈ ᴚ | #500;) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ✞ ✞ TRACKLIST. . . ... ✞ ✞ 6 , Earth Stern Prone Sister Raven ✞ ± ;) ✞ I Wish Falling Villains Call me No Title Burning A Voice Together The Dive Miseryv4 Far away You´re so Be careful Breathless September Dead Stars No Regrets Spiff - Phon Dear Friend It is time v0 First Breath A Dark Star So beautiful Not invisible System Fail Silent World Hello friends Another Sky Endless Sky U The Only 1 Try To Forget Stolzes Herz Happy in Ads Sweet (demo) 01-cold winds Red Goddess Never too late In Between Us I have a secret 05 Walk Away Poison Deluxe Gothtune mix4 Sick Of Me V.5 The Fallen Star Hollow Dreams Reptyle - Suffer Cool For Chaos Line of borderv0 Muse - Uprising Production Line Burn - The Cure Whisper Louder How does it feel Halloween 2012 Building bridges TV Confused V2 Curse My Name Knochenpolkav3 Handsome Killer Odradek - Glück Around in circles Nella mente - 53° La Le Lu (Demo) Miazma - Lorelei HALF´SLEEPER I AM NOT SORRY Odradek - Prolog Live in an illusion Grey season rain... Broken promises Blouse-Into Black Please don´t stop Dance if you want Leave this placev1 I am Dead (demo) Blood In The River Kremlyn - Rutinas KAO4S - 80 MPH Eyes of a stranger The Witch (Remix) Dark Door . Ombre I hate myself(2008) Halloween - Ghetto After Dusk - Insight BloodlitSession Nr.9 i am afraid of me v8 BloodlitSession Nr.8 BloodlitSession Nr.6 Sex Beat - Sex Beat Polvere - Dark Door You are what I want What ever you want Ripetutamente - 53° Ordinarylovesongv2 The Wake - Rusted Schadstoff - Picture Antilav - Not A Goth Goth Mix April 2012 Covenant - The Men Subterfuge - Curses My best friend(2014) 01LittleDrummerBoy Substanz - Doctor X Legion - VNV Nation Miazma - Soft Touch Phantom Leaf - Dust Beati Mortui - Winter After Dusk - Midnight Reptyle - Honest Liar Odradek - Vermutung Wieże Fabryk - Front THIS IS POSTPUNK Bardo Thödol - Marsh Danza Morta - Il Nulla Deafear - The Waiting Still Patient? - Impact UNTOTEN - Das Lied Die for YOUR love V4 La Santé - Ja chmura Sick Fairytale (demo) God is not here Ver. 2 Touchphone(remix14) Hearts Fail - Make Up Stray - Remember Me Merry Dark Christmas thirteen13 - June 2014 More than just a friend Sombras Electrónicas Cantara (bonusTrack) Reptyle - Morning Heir Misery - Cut.Rate.Box Odradek - Entdeckung Far away (WinteRemix) Ruble Gang - Bombers She Past Away - Sanri Dropbears - Fun Loving Yabanci - Vision (2014) 01 - A New Dawn (Live) Shiny Darkly - Bury Us Engrave My Happiness TheFLATFIELD - Shore Razor Penguins - Paris D For Desire - Like You Sisters of Mercy - Alice de/vision Call My Name I don´t know your name Reptyle - Just Like You Godfall (Scissor Remix) TheFLATFIELD - Praise Chrom - The Worst Day Odradek - Erläuterung II Altersyberian - Co dalej? I Love And I Kill-demo12 TRIPTYKON - Breathing Under A Bright Red Star Lost Cherrees - No Way TheFLATFIELD - Eternal Wild Flower (Guitar Dub) fauxmusica - "tight t-shrt" Calva Y Nada "Die Reise" I wish that you were here TheFLATFIELD - Silence Línea Vienesa - Honolulu Splendor - Celluloid Dolls Salvation Amp - Iceflower Eternalovers - My silence Christian Death - Spectre Reactive Black - Wasting Exit Märchenland (bionik) The Moments We Shared Dead Hand Projekt - Safe dreDDup - Non-negotiable The Tears of Blood - Spirit Silhouette's On Stairways Miazma - I Want To Know Shiny Darkly - Dead Stars Reptyle - The Age Of Love Angels Of Liberty - Sophia Black Glass - Rain Theme A long time (Robotic remix) Transport - Body Buildings Reptyle - Bought Me A Lie DIAKOVA - LIKE A CHILD Hatestory - Monumentalny Transport - Body Buildings BodyFarm - Zeit Der Wölfe Thee Flanders - Man's Law After Dusk - Under Dismay theFLATFIELD - The Witch 2013 'New Depeche Order' TheFLATFIELD - New Time mrokomotiv - Ciemne niebo 17-the 69 eyes-brandon lee Idiom Flesh - Some People Ikon - Azkadelia (Version II) Brotherhood - Sleepwalking Ultime Possibilitè - Errance 11 Letters From The Arbiter An Angel Among The Stars Sea of Love (Demo Version) Guided by the Hand of Cain After Dusk - The Bitter Love SOKO Friedhof - Der Clown :): Xmal Deutschland-Polarlicht Earth (Oh my Gothic version) Blue Butterfly - Fallen Angel Thank you for understanding Birthday - The Crüxshadows The Blumes - White Shades Angel Heart (Album Version) Odradek - Erläuterung I (live) monoLight - Severed Heaven Come With Reverse - Decay 02. Pecadores - Exu Caveira Human Computer Interaction SKVM - As Above So Below Crystal Castles - Suffocation Aeon Sable - Praying Mantis Moon Mirror - BLACK WOLF Lost Desert - Etrange Satyre Pop Negatif Wastad - Valium Tainted Love (Ft. Zanye East) Can´t get you out of my mind fauxmusica - "for go, shadow" Reptyle - Under The Hammer TIMETRICK "Bitch From Hell" 09 A Rock And A Hard Place Silent Scream – Man On Fire After Dusk - Raise Your Eyes TheFLATFIELD - Passionless Reptyle - Night And The River The Stompcrash - Follow You Nacht und Nebel - Szelescisz After Dusk - End Of Our Days Jacquy Bitch-The Misery.mp3 Plant Life (feat. Cane Sugar) SHIV-R - Taste (Reaper RMX) Murnau's Playhouse - Myopia Acylum - Freeze (Shiv-remix) Anders Manga "Venus in Furs" Reptyle - Where I Come From That Fatal Error - Dark Waters Happy House (Ft. Zanye East) Macabre Promo - Gothic Rock Evil Hides Among The Flowers Desillusionierende Sinnstiftung Where is the sun(WinteRemix) Merciful Nuns - The Maelstrom Psychoformalina - Umieram 2x Shiv-r - Parasite (Reposession) Relatives Menschsein "Glaube" Shock In My Town - Dark Door The Stick Figures - September Within These Walls - Dominion Christian Death - The Drowning Dream Cycle (Ft. A V G V S T) Reptyle - What's In A Moment? Hyoscyamus Niger - Juz blisko Trümmerwelten - Fuck my Pain Dance if you want(WinteRemix) The House Of Usher "Witchcult" Anders Manga 'Solitary Heaven' Untoten "Koenig Aller Suenden" Odradek - Zeichensetzung (live) 06 - Der Rabe - Charlize Zodiac Coco Carbomb - 100% Fairyfux Opéra De Nuit - Lumiére Rouge After Dusk - Take Me Far Away Voyvoda - The garden of Beinsa After Dusk - Ghouls In Disguise Moravagine - Confusing Outside Around in circles(Heavy version) Relatives Menschsein "Passion" Murnau's Playhouse - Showreel TrümmerWelten - Dieses Leben Nosferatu- Inside The Devil.MP3 Black Canvas - Lady from above Freakangel - Its Not A Lovesong Trümmerwelten - Your Are Dead Reptyle - Ghosts And Machines After Dusk - The Seas Of Infinity Charles Bernstein - Run, Nancy! Miazma - Dancing On My Grave Ghost Whispers Setlist By Sarx The Eternal Fall - The Alchemist Beyond the Eyes of Men - Icons Merciful Nuns - Morphine Queen Tetragrammaton (Ft. R▲dio Vril) snowinginmyheart (prod. debars) Liv Kristine - You take me higher Murnau's Playhouse - Someday Isis Melting (Ft. ThePeachTree) Shiny Darkly - It Must Be Ahead Ich Liebe Uns Nicht (Demo´08) Shadow from the past (07-2013) Hessen Ganz Gross - Antworten Beyond The Eyes Of Men - Tower Autumn Twilight - Dreamessence BLS - All Black Covered In Blood I dreamt I was dead - demo1984 Scrying (Ft. CRUNCHERZ 3 Min) And One - Military Fashion Show Angels of Liberty - Monster In Me Gentle Zombies - School of death Gothrock Mix 1 (By Yamispechie) Phoenix - the cassandra complex Amon Amarth "Father of the Wolf" Relatives Menschsein "Der Clown" The Nightchild - Through the Night In My Dreams - T3RR0R 3RR0R2 Yabanci - Solve Et Coagula (2014) 03.Addict (LarsHausmann Remix) Miazma - Sing (Remastered 2014) She's Dangerous - Clan Of Xymox Beyond the Eyes of Men - Victoria Angels of Liberty - Black Madonna After Dusk - Revelations Of Rebirth SHIV-R - Hollow Mask (Unmasked) Death - Pull The Plug (Remastered) Angels of Liberty - Our Tears (2014) Relatives Menschsein "Ausgeblutet" 少女人形 (Kyoujin) - Shoujo Jigoku Princess Of Blood - Trümmerwelten CVLT Nation Deathrock 2014 Part 1 After Dusk - Strange Aeons's Signs Drinking Electricity - Discord Dance Basement Dwelling (Studio Version) 03 - Sopor Aeternus - Hades Pluton Stupid Bitch Reject - Bean niochain Plague Of Madness - On Hold V666 Implant - CCCPCCTV (Shiv-r Remix) Messier 39 vs Kriistal Ann ~ Portals Frank Sinatra - Fly Me To The Moon Reptyle - Ghost Ships For Tomorrow Anders Manga "Night of the Vampire" 01 - Twisted Story [Tkach Radio Cut] ANKST - Salem (Kitty Lectro Remix) Nachtmahr - War On The Dancefloor Waldteufel - Wir Rufen Deine Woelfe Angels Of Liberty - Ritual & Tradition Westdeutsche Christen - Endzeitlust Beyond the Eyes of Men - Black Car TrümmerWelten - my empty dreamv3 Illumination (Ft. Berglind Agustsdottir) Angels Of Liberty - Break The Silence Dead Souls (Joy Division cover) (1994) I don´t know your name(Heavy version) DEVISION - Rage (Mesh Tantrum Mix) After Dusk - With Curses And Dreams I wish that you were here (WinteRemix) The Lesbians - Personality Crisis Time Angels Of Liberty - Touch The Daemon "Clear Windowpane" by Anders Manga Angels of Liberty - The Black Madonna Black Celebration (Ft. KINDEST CUTS) Kiss the whip (Athamay cover) - M.O.D. Godless Procession - Secreto Perverso She's In Stars (Ft. CRUNCHERZ 3 Min) Daydream (DEBARS X BLACK OSIRIS) fauxmusica - "hello subversive arcitecht" Relatives Menschsein "Gefallene Engel" fauxmusica - "showing all the blueprints" All Cried Out (1st W cover) :Wumpscut: Nocturnal Projection - Isn't That Strange Dolor "Der Clown" Part1 Inklusive Lyrikz The Little Heroes - For A Bleeding Heart Geometric Vision - Solitude of the Trees Beyond the Eyes of Men - Wedding Day New Breed - Escape (remastered2014) My Little Girl In The Night - (rmix Teaser) Miazma - Black Rain (remastered 2014) Heresy (Rabbit At War Boom Beast Mix) Soror Dolorosa - The Figure Of The Night Atrocity Dancer (Skon Remix Vocal Edit) ANKST - Monument (Kitty Lectro Remix) Canis Lupus - Calling (remastered 2013) Unseen Chains - 1984 (Thoughts Control) A2 - HNN - Tes mots (LÎle nueLP-LFL9) New Breed - Escape *TBTHOOT* 2014 Angels Of Liberty - Black Knight Satellite Lestat - Midnight Toll (Kitty Lectro Remix) Silent Scream – With Friends Like These Venom Vampires - Lucretia My Reflection New Breed - Pleasure (remastered´14) New Breed - Shadows (remastered´14) Beyond the Eyes of Men - You Try to Run Beyond the Eyes of Men - Divine Engineer New Breed - Neurotica (Remastered 2014) MeinGott version 2012 (Pre-Album-Version) Canis Lupus - Sedative (Remastered 2013) New Breed - Memories (Remastered 2014) New Breed - Existence (Remastered 2014) Kitty Lectro - World Goth Day ( DJ Mix 2014) 10 Cross Of Iron (Advent Resilience remix) The Eternal Fall - The Alchemist (Mix 2014) Destroid - Lucretia My Reflection HD-Lyrics fauxmusica - "true sorcerory upon Montreal" Godless Procession - La Espera (The Wait) I Walk this Earth Alone - (Leaether Strip Mix) fauxmusica - "dancing at the end of act one" Draconian Incubus - Sex (remastered 2014) Angels of Liberty - Talk About Nothing (2013) Dobri Isak - Mi Placemo Iza Tamnih Naočara Absence Of Logic (First Version without Vox) Hexenhammer - Power of the Left Hand Path After Dusk - The Seas Of Infinity (R'lyeh Edit) Scarlet Hatchings - The Saint and The Sinner cut // copy - "hearts on fire" (fauxmusica mix) Angels of Liberty - Shadows Come From Light Umbra Et Imago Feat. Tanzwut "Feuer & Licht" The Lonesome Death Of A Goth DJ (acoustic) Draconian Incubus - Ligeia (Remastered´14) Strap On Halo - Monsters (Kitty Lectro Remix) I Use My Powers For Evil - Lesbian Bed Death Spoonful (acoustic cover - first take, no editing) Darkwave & Goth 2014 - 05 - 31 - DANIELektro Kommunity FK-Something Inside Me Has Died C-Netik - HARDER & LOUDER PODCAST:16 fauxmusica - "fantasy violence" (Extended Mix) Depeche Mode - THE LOVE THIEVES (remix) Beyond the Eyes of Men - Marionette in Dange the glitch mob - "we swarm" (fauxmusica remix) Fixmer McCarthy - Freefall (Remix by Covenant) StrommoussHeld - We are Time (Laibach cover) Shiv-r - Blood Spatter (Forensic Re-examination) Strap On Halo - It's All Over (Kitty Lectro Remix) REPLICANTI/RMX/Kindest Cuts/ForgotMyName The Return Of The Bats l ( Mix By YamiSpechie) (Fan Remix) LingerieRMX by BenjaminsPlague 09. 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3. Lamentations 1-5 (Destroying Our Lives & How To Ask God For Help)

Lamentations 1-5 (Destroying Our Lives & How To Ask God For Help)

The book of Lamentations in the Hebrew Bible does not appear in the same place that it appears in our Bibles. In the Hebrew Bible it appears with a group of books: Esther, and Ruth, Job, and Ezra. It was written by Jeremiah, and that is why in our Bibles they inserted it after the book of Jeremiah, because it is almost sort of an epilogue to the book of Jeremiah, in that it follows the destruction of the city of Jerusalem. There is on the site of Golgotha a cave that is called Jeremiah's Grotto. This cave known as Jeremiah's Grotto comprises a part of the face of the skull; hence the name Golgotha. Because as you look at the cliff, with these caves that are there in the cliff, they take the appearance of a skull. One of these caves is called Jeremiah's Grotto. It is interesting that from those caves there on the site of Golgotha, you have a tremendous view of the city of Jerusalem, for Golgotha is actually the top of what was once Mount Moriah. And it looks down over the city of Jerusalem. Tradition declares that Jeremiah sat in this grotto when he wrote the book of Lamentations, and there he wept and cried over the desolation of the city of Jerusalem as he saw its ruins, as he saw the walls destroyed, as he saw the buildings leveled. And from this vantage, he wrote this book. In the Septuagint, which is a translation of the scriptures into Greek that was done by seventy Hebrew scholars about 200 B.C., they prefaced the book of Lamentations with these words, "And it came to pass, that after Israel had been carried away captive, and Jerusalem made desolate, Jeremiah sat weeping and lamented this lament over Jerusalem and said, 'How doth the city sit solitary.'" So, they have that as a prologue to the book of Lamentations, and it was picked up and put in the Vulgate. The book of Lamentations is a favorite style of Hebrew poetry in four of the chapters. They are as known as an acrostic, and they were written in order to facilitate the memorization, in that you'll notice that in the first three chapters there are twenty two verses in each chapter. In the original Hebrew poetry, these twenty two verses were actually twenty two lines of the poem, and each line began with a succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet. So the first line began with Aleph, and then with Beth, and then with Gimel, and then with Daleth, and on through the Hebrew alphabet, each line with the succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet in the first three the first two chapters. In the third chapter, you'll notice that there are sixty six verses. The first three lines begin with Aleph, the next three with Beth, the next three with Gimel. And so it was in triplets, actually, thus the sixty six verses. The fourth chapter, again each line beginning with the succeeding letter of the Greek alphabet. And even though the fifth chapter has twenty two verses, it is not in an acrostic. It doesn't follow this same pattern of each line beginning with the successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet. But they would often write their poems that way in order to help you in memorizing the poem, because you knew that the next line began with the next letter of the alphabet in succeeding order. This is a funeral dirge. It is a lament of Jeremiah over Jerusalem after the destruction. And the book of Lamentations is read each year in the synagogue on the fourth day of the ninth month. So, around August the fourth, this particular lament or book is read in the Jewish synagogues as they commemorate the anniversary of the destruction of Solomon's temple in 586 B.C. With that as a background, let us go into the first chapter, as Jeremiah declares, How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and the princess among the providences, how is she become a tributary! (Lam 1:1) The city is empty. It is now sitting solitary. The inhabitants have either been slain or carried away captive. There is a weird silence over this once prosperous, beautiful city, as it lies there now in rubble. She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks: among all her lovers she hath none to comfort her: all her friends have dealt treacherously with her, they are become her enemies (Lam 1:2). Jerusalem was once as a princess. Actually, tribute was paid to Solomon and to his kingdom, but now Jerusalem has become a tributary paying tribute to others. Those that she trusted in, Egypt and others have now become her enemies. Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwells among the heathen, she finds no rest: in all of her persecutors overtook her between the straits. The ways [or the paths] on the way to Zion do mourn, because none come to her solemn feasts (Lam 1:3-4): It must be a weird, awesome feeling to look over the ruins of a once great and prosperous city. Can you imagine, say sitting on Mount Wilson and overlooking the Los Angeles basin and nobody living there? No freeways jammed with cars. No industries belching out their smoke, just everything with a deathly silence. Imagine how you would feel, you know, having seen all of the activities and all, that go on in that great basin, and suddenly to look at it and see the whole thing silent and empty. It must be an awesome kind of a feeling to see such a thing. That's what Jeremiah... he had grown up in this city. He had seen the streets full of people. He had watched the worshippers at the temple and all. He had seen the pilgrims gather for their feasts, but now it's all silent. Now it's empty and the ways or the paths on the way to Jerusalem are mourning because no one is coming to the solemn feasts anymore. all of her gates are desolate (Lam 1:4): The gates of Jerusalem are interesting places because there is always so many people passing in and out of the gates. A lot of times in Jerusalem just... if you don't have anything to do, it's interesting just to go at the gates of the city and just watch the people come and go through the gates. They're always just bustling with activity, and now it's silent. The gates are desolate. her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, she is in bitterness. Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper, for the LORD hath afflicted her (Lam 1:4-5) And then he gives the reason: for the multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the enemy. And from the daughter of Zion all of her beauty is departed: her princes are become like harts that find no pasture, they are gone without strength before the pursuer. Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and her miseries all of her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her and did mock at her sabbaths. Jerusalem has grievously sinned; therefore she is removed (Lam 1:5-8): Again, not blaming God, which is so often our mistake when calamity comes. "Why did God allow this to happen to us?" But recognizing that the blame was upon the people because of their transgression and because they had grievously sinned against God. "Therefore she is removed." all that honored her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yea, she sighed, and turned backward. Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembered not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy has magnified himself. The adversary has spread out his hand upon all of her pleasant things: for she has seen the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation (Lam 1:8-10). And so the heathen came right into the temple, into the Holy of Holies and they destroyed the temple of God. A stranger wasn't to come within the sanctuary, and yet they have seen them come in and destroy it. All of her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile (Lam 1:11). They spent all of their money, actually, and given all of their treasures for bread. Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger. From above hath he set fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: and he hath made me desolate and faint all the day. The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whom I am not able to rise up. The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as a winepress. For these things I weep (Lam 1:12-16); Thus, the lamentation, the weeping of Jeremiah as he sees the destruction that has come, the mighty men destroyed, the virgins ravished by the enemy, the young men crushed and the young girls trodden. "For these things I weep." my eye runs down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed. Zion spread forth her hands, and there is none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, that his adversaries should be round about him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them. The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandments: hear, I pray you, all the people, and behold my sorrow, my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity (Lam 1:16-18). And so he sort of personifies Jerusalem, and lets Jerusalem cry out declaring the righteousness of God in judgment, "The Lord is righteous." For they were guilty of having rebelled against God. The Lord is always righteous in judgment, and yet it seems that that is an area where we always want to fault God. And we always hear sort of insinuations that God is unrighteous in judgment. "How can a God of love condemn a man to hell?" You know, and you've heard the rest of it. And the idea is that God is not really righteous when He judges. But that's one thing you can be certain of, and that is the righteousness of God in judgment. In the book of Revelation, as God is bringing His judgment upon the earth, there are voices that come from the altar saying, "Holy and true art Thy judgments, oh Lord." And then in one place where God turns the fresh water upon the earth to blood, there are voices that declare, "Oh, that's great. They shed the blood of Your saints so You've given them blood to drink," and testifying of the properness of that particular judgment that God brings upon the earth at that time. But God will judge. God has declared He will judge. And thus you can be sure that God is going to judge this world. God is going to judge the wicked. But God, when He judges the wicked, will be absolutely righteous in His judgment. People may complain about it now, but when God makes His judgment there can be no complaint, for the Lord is righteous. They had rebelled against the Lord. They rebelled against His commandment. He said, I called for my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and my elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls (Lam 1:19). They died of starvation while they were looking for food. Behold, O LORD, for I am in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home there is as death. They have heard that I sigh: there is none to comfort me: all my enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that you have done it: and thou will bring the day that thou has called, and they shall be like unto me. Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou has done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint (Lam 1:20-22). Chapter 2 The second lamentation: How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and he has cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger! The Lord has swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and has not pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strongholds of the daughter of Judah; he hath brought them down to the ground: he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. He has cut off in his fierce anger all of the horn of Israel: he has drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, he has burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devours round about. He has bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire (Lam 2:1-4). It must have been an awesome and a very traumatic experience to have seen the destruction that was wrecked upon Jerusalem by the Babylonian army. When, after eighteen months of siege, they finally broke into the city and began to slay with the sword. Even before they broke the walls and came in, people were already starving to death within the city. It was a horrible scene. Jeremiah can't get it out of his mind, the thoughts and the sights that he saw. They were imprinted in his mind. And now, as he sees it lying desolate, he reflects over these things. And he tells some of the things that were happening, and they are so horrible that they would make those kind of impressions in your mind that cause you to shudder whenever you think of them. And they are those mental images that you just can't seem to remove. As you see the people starving to death, falling on the streets, faint, weak, once mighty people, once a proud people, but now so defeated and destroyed. The Lord was as an enemy: he swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all of her palaces: he has destroyed the strongholds, he has increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. He hath violently taken away the tabernacle, as if it were of a garden; he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD has caused the solemn feasts and the sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. The Lord hath cast off his altar, he has abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up in the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of the solemn feast (Lam 2:5-7). That is, the enemies were in there cheering and yelling and all as they were destroying it, much as the voices and cheers and all that once went up in the days of their solemn feasts. The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he has not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. Her gates are sunk into the ground; he has destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes are now among the Gentiles: there is no more law; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD. The elders of the daughters of Zion sit on the ground, and keep silent: they have cast dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: and the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground. And my eyes do fail because of the tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured out upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city (Lam 2:7-11). It's almost more than he can bear. He sees these little children and little nursing babies fainting because of the lack of food. He sees them as they are swooning, just staggering through the streets. Young girls, their heads bowed down to the ground. The old men just sitting there staring blankly in sackcloth with dust, with dirt. They've just covered themselves with dirt and there is no place to go. There's no hope. It's all gone. The little children say to their mothers, Where is the corn and the wine? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom. What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea: who can heal thee? Your prophets have seen vain and foolish things for you: and they have not discovered your iniquity, to turn away your captivity; but they have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment. All that pass by clap their hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city that men call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? (Lam 2:12-15) Desolate, destroyed, ravaged city, once the perfection of beauty. Once the joy of the whole earth, and now it's being hissed at as people walk by, clapping their hands and shaking their heads. All of your enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss, gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed her up: certainly this is the day that we have looked for; we have found, and we have seen. The LORD hath done that which he had devised; he has fulfilled his word that he commanded in the days of old (Lam 2:12-17): God was faithful to His warnings. He had told them if they did not turn from their wickedness, if they did not turn from their idolatry, that He was going to bring their enemies against them and they would be destroyed. God has done that which He had purposed. he has fulfilled his word that he commanded in the days of old: he has thrown down, he's not pitied: he has caused your enemies to remove joy over thee, he has set up the horn of your adversaries [the power of your adversaries]. Their heart cried unto the Lord, O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a river day and night: give thyself no rest; let not the apple of thine eye cease (Lam 2:17-18). He's calling them for intercession to weep before God until God does a work again. Arise, cry out in the night: in the beginning of the watches pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord: lift up your hands toward him for the life of thy young children, that faint for hunger in the top of every street (Lam 2:19). "Isn't this enough," Jeremiah is saying, "to challenge you to seek God, to seek God all night long? Look at your little children swooning in the streets. Pray for them that God will somehow work His work again among the people." They were living in an extremely desperate time, but they were not yet really desperate before the Lord. They were just plain desperate, but really not seeking God. You wonder what will it take to cause men to really seek God, to really cry out? The Bible says, "The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much" (James 5:16). My mom tells me how that one time when I was a little kid and I was sick, and she came into the bedroom and laid hands on me, and I was running a fever. And she prayed, "Oh Lord, touch Charles, you know, and heal him." And when she was through praying, I said to her, "Mom, now pray like you really mean it." And I wonder how many times our prayers aren't just sort of perfunctory type of activities, you know. There is no real heart behind it. "The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much." God said to Jeremiah, "And in the day that you seek Me with your whole heart, in that day I will be found of you." And Jeremiah is saying, "Hey, go for it. Cry in the night, in the beginning of the watches, pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord. Lift up your hands toward Him. At least for the life of the young children that are fainting for hunger on every street." Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this: Shall the women eat their fruit (Lam 2:20), That is, the women eat their own little babies, which they were doing. shall children be born who are only a span long? (Lam 2:20) The women were so malnourished that as their children were being born they were only seven or eight inches long at birth. Horrible. shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord? The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword; thou hast slain them in the day of your anger; you have killed, and not pitied. You have called us in a solemn day my terrors round about me, so that in the day of the LORD'S anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up hath my enemy consumed (Lam 2:20-22). Chapter 3 In this third lamentation he begins from the depth of depression and despair. He begins with hopelessness, and hopelessness is always the experience behind depression. Depression is the loss of hope, no way out, nothing I can do. Hopelessness leads to depression. I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath. He has led me, and brought me into darkness, but not into light (Lam 3:1-2). It seems like God has turned against the prophet. "I have seen the wrath of God. God's brought me into darkness, not into light." Surely against me is he turned; he's turned his hand against me all the day. My flesh and my skin hath he made old: he hath broken my bones. He's built against me, and circled me with gall and travail. He has set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old. He hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he has made my chain heavy. Also when I cry and shout, he shuts out my prayer (Lam 3:3-8). God isn't listening to my prayer. God seems to have closed every door of escape. There is no way out. I'm in the hole and there is no place to go. I'm in this darkness, and God isn't listening to my prayers. [It's like] he has enclosed me with hewn stone (Lam 3:9); That is, he's built a wall around me. and he's made my paths crooked. He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places. He has turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he has made me desolate. He has bent his bow, and set me as a mark (Lam 3:9-12). I'm a target for God's arrows. He has caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins. I was a derision to all my people; and their song all the day. He has filled me with bitterness, he has made me drunken with wormwood. He has also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he has covered me with ashes. You have removed my soul far off from peace: I forgot prosperity. And I said, my strength and my hope is perished from the LORD: Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall. My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me (Lam 3:9-20). Boy, that is about as low as you can get. That's the bottom, that's the pits. He's down, just the bottom. And out of the depths of his despair and depression, suddenly there is a dramatic change. That dramatic change is explained; the reason for it is explained in verse 21. In the midst of his hopelessness, in the midst of his despair, when it seems that all is forsaken, there is no way out, that God isn't even listening, and God isn't ready to help me, in the midst of this place of total despair, he said, This I recall to my mind, therefore I have hope (Lam 3:21). He changed his whole mindset. The Bible speaks about our renewing our minds. The Bible speaks about our bringing every thought into captivity unto the obedience of Jesus Christ. And we can think ourselves into a miserable mood. We can think ourselves into despair and hopelessness. You can think yourself into the grave. Or, by setting your mind upon the Lord, renewing your mind in Him, you can come into a whole new state of consciousness. No longer one of total despair and hopelessness, but one now of victory and hope. And that's what Jeremiah did. He changed the thought patterns from, "Oh, woe is me. Oh, this is the end. Oh, there is no hope. Oh, I've had it. Oh, there's no one to help. Oh, I'm boxed in," to thinking about the Lord. As we think about ourselves, we often become depressed, because none of us are all of what we would like to be. We, each of us, have a divergence between our ego and our super ego, the real me and the ideal me. Oh, but you see yourself in an ideal way. "This is what I really am," providing everything is all right. It's only because of these other factors that you see me like this, this nastiness isn't the real me. I'm very sweet, and generous, and kind, and benevolent, and loving, and marvelous, and a very lovable person. The person that you see is what has happened to me, because of, you know, what you've done. But that's not the real me, you see. So, there is this idealization, the ideal me, the super ego, and then there's the real me. Now if there is a vast difference between your super ego and your ego, then you're going to have real problems of mental instability. The more well adjusted a person is, is in measure to the distance between his ego and super ego. If your ego is close to your super ego, then you're a well adjusted person. If there is a wide divergence between your ego and super ego, then you're very maladjusted in your life. Now the psychologist says, "Bring your super ego down. You've got too high of ideals. You've got too high of standards. No one can live to those. You've got to lower your ideals." The Lord says, "Bring your ego up, through the power of the Spirit, through My help. Become the person that I want you to be. Receive My strength, receive My ability, and I will make you that person that is pleasing and glorifying unto God. That person who is loving, who is kind, who is compassionate, who is filled with joy." So, he came to a change of mental attitude. No longer thinking about himself, but now thinking about the Lord. It made such a great difference. Oh, if we could only get our minds off of ourselves and onto the Lord. In the times of discouragement, in the times of defeat, in the times of depression, if we could only get our minds off of ourselves and onto the Lord. That's the secret of the way out. Rather than wallowing in this self pity. Just get our minds and hearts... "Thou will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on Thee" (Isaiah 26:3). Keep your minds stayed on the Lord and God will keep you in perfect peace. Get your mind on yourself and you're going to have all kinds of turmoil and depression. [So when I recall to my mind,] this I recall to my mind (Lam 3:21), What does he recall to his mind? First of all, It's the LORD'S mercies that we're not consumed (Lam 3:22), Things are bad, but they could be worse. It's God's mercies that we're still here. The fact that I wake up in the morning is proof that God is merciful. You see, God is under no obligation to keep me around. It's only by His mercies that I've not been consumed. Secondly, because his compassions fail not (Lam 3:22). In First Corinthians 13, as Paul is describing agape, he said, "Love never fails." God's love never fails. God has never stopped loving you. God does not love you when you are good and hate you when you are bad. God's love for you is unchanging. It doesn't fail. God's love is continually being poured out upon your life. God's love is not contingent upon what you are, but upon what He is. "His compassions they fail not." Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. "Oh, I love you. You're my dream come true. I'd swim the Pacific to be by your side. I'd fly to the moon to be close to you. Yikes. You have bad breath. I change my mind." That's not true love. Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. We have in our minds, again, an idealization, the perfect man, the perfect woman. And we meet someone and fall in love, not with them but with our idealization. And when it comes that they don't meet up to the standards of our idealization, then we're no longer in love. That's ridiculous. You never were in love to begin with. Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. Therefore, true love is hard to find among men. And that's using it in a generic sense, talking of the Homo Sapien. True love can only really be found with God. You see, He isn't deceived by an idealization. You haven't fooled Him with your smooth, suave manners: the opening of the doors, and the genteel, gallant ways. Hasn't deceived Him at all. He knows what a rat you are from the beginning. But He loves you; that's the amazing thing. "His compassions they fail not." And God knowing me as well as He knows me, still loving me is one of the great miracles. God's compassions fail not. He never stops loving you. You need to remember that. Now Jeremiah was thinking that God had forsaken him completely. "God's hedged me in. He's not listening to my prayers." But when he really adjusts his thinking, he knows that God's love is unfailing. God continues, never stops His loving me. They are new every morning (Lam 3:23): The mercy and the love of God, fresh every day. oh great is thy faithfulness (Lam 3:23). God is so faithful. As Jeremiah was looking at this devastated city, that desolation was a testimony of God's faithfulness. God had said to those people, "If you continue in your wickedness, if you continue in your idolatry, I am going to bring the Babylonian army against you, and they're going to destroy you, and they're going to break down the walls of this city. And those that aren't killed by the famine will be killed by the sword. And those that aren't killed by the sword will be killed by the pestilence. But I'm going to destroy you out of this holy mountain." And now God has kept His word and Jeremiah is looking at the faithfulness of God to His word. "Great is Thy faithfulness." God, You said You would do it, and You did it. Now the faithfulness of God can be a glorious thought and blessing, or it can be a horrendous thought. It all depends on what side you are. If you're a child of God, then God's faithfulness to His promises of that which He is going to do for His children, a believer in Jesus Christ, all that God has promised us. Oh, and we can rest and hope for God is faithful. He will do what He said. If you're not a child of God, then the faithfulness of God is an awesome prospect, because you can be sure that God will do exactly what He said He is going to do to all of the sinners, those that reject Him. "Great is Thy faithfulness." God is faithful in keeping His word. The LORD is my portion (Lam 3:24), Now he's thinking upon the faithfulness of God, the love of God, the mercies of God, and now, "The Lord is my portion." Everything else has been taken away. My house is destroyed. All of my possessions are gone. I've been stripped, but I have the Lord. And if I have the Lord, that's all I really need. The LORD is my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him (Lam 3:24). Those who do not have the Lord as their portion have very little hope. But my hope is in Him. The LORD is good unto them that wait for him, the soul that seeks him (Lam 3:25). If you'll wait upon God, if you'll seek God, God is good, so good to those that wait upon Him and seek Him. It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD (Lam 3:26). What else can I do? It is good for a man that he bears the yoke of his youth. He sits alone and keeps silence, because he has borne it upon him. He puts his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope. He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach (Lam 3:27-30). A prophecy of Jesus Christ in the midst of this, even as Christ always is there in the time of suffering to bear the burdens and the reproach that we bear for Him. The Lord will not cast off for ever (Lam 3:31): This judgment isn't going to last forever. This forsaking of the people by God isn't going to last forever. But though he has caused grief, yet he's going to have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies (Lam 3:32). God will change in His actions towards us. For he does not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men (Lam 3:33). In other words, it doesn't really please God to have to deal in such stringent ways with his children. I've often said, you can make it easy on yourself or make it hard on yourself. And any time you fight God, you're making it hard on yourself. That's the lesson that Jonah learned. He fought God and ended up in the belly of a whale in a miserable condition. Three days and three nights in that hot mammal. Ninety eight degrees with high humidity. He talks about the waves rolling over his head and the seaweed twined around him. Probably stinky at that. And when he came out of that horribly miserable experience, he shared the lesson that he learned. They that observe lying vanities, forsake their own mercies. If you think you can run from God or hide from God, you're only making it hard on yourself. You're heading for trouble. You're heading for misery. He thought he could hide from God. He thought he could run from God, that he could escape the call of God. It's a lie. There is no way. You're just going to be miserable, friend. Try to fight God; you're heading for misery. He doesn't afflict willingly. He doesn't want to lay the rod on you. He gets no delight in the chastising of His children, but because He loves us. He is faithful and will chastise. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth, To turn aside the right of a man before the face of the Most High, To subvert a man in his cause, the Lord approves not. Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commanded it not? Out of the mouth of the Most High proceeds not evil and good? (Lam 3:34-38) God doesn't talk out of both sides of His mouth. James speaks about the double minded man, unstable in all of his ways. Jesus speaks of how the same fountain cannot bring forth bitter and sweet waters. God doesn't speak both good and evil. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? (Lam 3:39) Rather than complain of the chastisement. Let us search and try our ways, and turn again unto the LORD. Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto the God in the heavens. For we have transgressed and have rebelled: and you have not pardoned. You have covered with anger, and persecuted us: and you have slain, and you have not pitied (Lam 3:40-43). And now he goes back into the dirge. You see, he came out for a while into the light. You have covered yourself with a cloud, that our prayers should not pass through (Lam 3:44). It seems like, you know, people say, "Well, it seems like, you know, the ceilings were of brass." But Jeremiah sees the, you know, like the prayers are just being closed off by a cloud between God and me. Thou has made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people. All of our enemies have opened their mouths against us. Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction. My eye runs down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people. My eye trickles down, and ceases not, without any intermission, Till the LORD looks down, and beholds from heaven. My eye affecteth my heart, because of all of the daughters of my city. My enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without cause. They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. Waters flowed over my head; then I said, I'm cut off. And I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon. And you have heard my voice: hide not your ear at my breathing, at my cry. For you drew near in the day that I called upon thee: and you said, Fear not. O Lord, thou has pleaded the causes of my soul; thou hast redeemed my life. O Lord, thou has seen my wrong: judge thou my cause. For thou has seen all their vengeance and their imaginations against me. You heard their reproach, O LORD, and all of the imaginations against me; The lips of those that rose up against me, and the device against me all the day. Behold their sitting down, their rising up; I am their music. Render unto them a recompense, O LORD, according to the work of their hands. Give them sorrow of heart, thy curse unto them. Persecute and destroy them in the anger from under the heavens of the LORD (Lam 3:45-66). Here again is sort of a David type of a prayer against his enemies. Jeremiah doesn't ask God to bless his enemies, but to really do them in. It is in the New Testament that Jesus taught us to bless those that curse you. Bless and curse not. Chapter 4 The fourth lamentation: How is the gold become dim! the most fine gold changed! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street. The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter! Even the sea monsters draw out the breast, and they give suck to their young ones (Lam 4:1-3): The mammals in the sea nurse their little ones. the daughter of my people is become cruel, like the ostriches of the wilderness (Lam 4:3). Now, the ostrich totally forsakes its eggs. It lays its eggs and leaves them; it has nothing to do with the raising of its kids, just has no concern. Doesn't even know the eggs ever hatched and doesn't really care if the egg ever hatched. It just lays its eggs in the sand and that's it, forgets all about them. If they make it, they make it on their own. The mother ostrich has no mothering instincts. But the mammals in the sea nurse the little ones. But the daughter of my people, the young mothers in Jerusalem had become like ostriches in that they weren't concerned with their offspring anymore. The tongue of the nursing child cleaves to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask for bread, and no man breaks it unto them. They that did feed delicately (Lam 4:4-5) Those that used to dine at Gulliver's are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills. For the punishment of the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the punishment of the sin of Sodom, because at least they were overthrown in a moment [they were destroyed], no hands stayed on her (Lam 4:4-6). Theirs was an instant death. That is much better than death by starvation. Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing was of sapphire (Lam 4:7): The young men who had made their commitments, the Nazarite vows to God, but now, Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin is cleaving to their bones (Lam 4:8); They're like walking skeletons. it is withered, it is become like a stick. They that are slain with the sword are really better off than those that are slain with hunger: for these pine away, stricken through for the want of the fruits of the field. The hands of the pitiful women have boiled their own children: and they were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my people. The LORD has accomplished his fury, he has poured out his fierce anger, he has kindled a fire in Zion, and it has devoured the foundations thereof. The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the world, would not have believed that the adversary and the enemy should have entered into the gates of Jerusalem (Lam 4:7-12). It was thought to be impregnable. It sits there on the hill with the walls around it. They thought that the city was impregnable. The inhabitants of the earth would never have believed that Jerusalem could be taken. And yet it is now destroyed. For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her, They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments. They cried unto them, Depart ye; it is unclean; depart, depart, don't touch: when they fled away and wondered, they said among the heathen, They shall no more sojourn there. The anger of the LORD hath divided them; he will no more regard them: they respected not the persons of the priests, they favored not the elders. As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save us. They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in the streets: our end is near, our days are fulfilled; for our end is come. Our persecutors are swifter than eagles of heaven: they have pursued us on the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness. The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen. Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom [that is their perennial enemy], that dwells in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shall make thyself naked. The punishment of thine iniquity is accomplished, O daughter of Zion; he will no more carry thee away into captivity: he will visit thine iniquity, O daughter of Edom; he will discover thy sins (Lam 4:13-22). So Edom is rejoicing, but just wait, yours is coming. Chapter 5 Fifth lamentation: Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us: consider, and behold our reproach. Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens. We are orphans, fatherless, our mothers are as widows. We have drunken our water for money (Lam 5:1-4); We had to pay for a drink of water. and our wood is sold to us. Our necks are under persecution: we labor, we have no rest. We have given the hand to the Egyptians and to the Assyrians, to be satisfied with bread. Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities. Servants have ruled over us: there is none that doth deliver us out of their hand. We got our bread with the peril of our lives, because of the sword of the wilderness. Our skin was black like an oven, because of the terrible famine (Lam 5:4-10). As a result of the starvation that the skin just turning black and leathery. They ravished the women in Zion, and the maids in the cities of Judah (Lam 5:11). The enemies had come in. It must have been a horrible thing. The fathers to see their wives and their young daughters ravished by the enemy, raped and all and then murdered. Princes have been hung by their thumbs: the faces of elders were not honored. They took the young men to grind in bondage, and the children had to carry the wood. The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music. The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning. The crown is fallen from our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned! For this our heart is faint; for these things our eyes are dim. Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon it. Thou, O LORD, remains for ever; thy throne from generation to generation. Wherefore does thou forget us for ever, and forsake us so long a time? Turn thou us unto thee, O LORD, and we shall be turned; renew our days as of old (Lam 5:12-21). Therein is the answer, "Oh God, turn our hearts to Thee. Renew that relationship that we once had with You." You remember Jesus said to the church of Ephesus, "I have this against thee, in that you have left your first love. Remember from whence you have fallen and repent and do thy first works over." Oh God, return us to that first love. Lord, return us unto thee. But he ends with a sad note of dejection. But thou hast utterly rejected us; thou art very angry against us (Lam 5:22). What a sad, tragic book that never needed to be written had the people only hearkened unto the voice of God. This whole black period of history needed not to be. God warned them over and over and over again. He sent His prophets, warning them over and over of the destruction that was going to come, but they would not give heed to the word of God or to the warnings from God. But God is faithful, and that which God declared He did. And today God is warning this world of His judgment, which is going to fall. And that which happened to Jerusalem is going to happen to this whole godless world. There is coming a devastation, a holocaust, such as the world has never seen before or will ever see again. Jesus in describing the days that are coming said, "And in that day, there shall be a Great Tribulation such as the world has never seen before or will ever see again." The only safe place for you to be is in Christ. If you are in Christ He will keep you from that hour that is coming upon the earth. But if you're outside of Christ, as in Hebrews, "There remains only that fearful looking forward to the fiery indignation of God's wrath which will devour His adversaries. For if he who despised Moses' law was put to death, of how much worse punishment do you suppose he is accounted worthy who has trodden under foot the Son of God? And is accounted the blood of His covenant, wherewith he was sanctified an unholy thing and has done despite to the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who has said, 'It is a fearful thing to fall in the hands of a living God'" (Hebrews 10:27-31). God has promised His judgment is going to come upon this wicked world. God is faithful and will keep His promise. But Jesus said, "Pray ye always that you'll be accounted worthy to escape all of these things and to stand before the Son of man" (Luke 21:36). And I am praying and believing God to answer my prayer that I will escape this great time of tribulation when the wrath of God is poured out upon the earth, and I expect to be standing before the Son of man when it all happens. Book of Revelation, chapter 5, "And there was in the right hand of Him that sat upon the throne, a scroll with writing within and without and sealed with seven seals. And I heard the angels say with a great voice, 'Who is worthy to take the scroll and loose the seals thereof?' And I, John began to weep, sob convulsively because no one was found worthy to take the scroll or to loose the seals. And the elder said unto me, 'Weep not, behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah hath prevailed to take the scroll and to loose the seals.' And I turned and I saw Him as a Lamb that had been slaughtered. And He came forth and took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat upon the throne. And the twenty four elders brought forth their golden vials full of odors, which were the prayers of the saints. And they offered them before the throne of God and they sang a new song saying, 'Worthy is the Lamb to take the scroll and loose the seals, for He was slain and has redeemed us by His blood. Out of every nation and tribe, and tongue and people, and He has made us unto our God, kings and priests and we're going to reign with Him on the earth'" (Revelation 5:1-10). You see, that's where I plan to be. Standing before the Son of God, singing of the worthiness of the Lamb who died for me, who has redeemed me from among the families of the people on the earth. Only the redeemed church can sing that song. Angels can't sing that song; they haven't been redeemed by the blood of Jesus. That's not the song of Israel, because they come from all of the nations and family of people on the earth. That's the song of the redeemed church before the throne of God. Angels can sing the chorus. They do. A hundred million join in, plus millions of others, as they say, "Worthy is the Lamb to receive glory and honor and dominion and might and power and authority." They join the chorus, but they can't sing the verse, that's yours. "And when He loosed the first seal, I heard a voice that said, 'Come,' and I saw a white horse and his rider going forth upon the earth, conquering and to conquer" (Revelation 6:1-2). There begins the Great Tribulation. And he begins then from chapter 6 on through to chapter 18 describing the events that are going to take place upon the earth when God judges man for their wickedness and for their sin. God is faithful. He's going to do it. There is only one safe place for anyone to be. That's in Christ Jesus. I'm glad I'm there. I don't expect to be any place else. I don't want to be. Why should I be? I'm so happy here in Christ. Shall we pray. Father, we thank You for that secret place abiding in the presence of the Almighty, dwelling in Christ. Oh, Father, how we thank You that You have provided for us a place of refuge, safety in Christ. Lord, I pray for those that are here tonight who are not in Christ. Oh God, may they seriously consider the faithfulness of God, even as He kept His word and destroyed Jerusalem, so will He keep His word and judge this world. For God is faithful. Lord, may we turn from our sin, from our idolatries, from our wicked ways, and may we serve the Lord with our whole heart. In Jesus' name we pray. Amen. If you're not sure that you're a child of God, I wouldn't leave this place tonight until I was. I mean, I'm serious. We're living in desperate days. And really as Jeremiah exhorts, it's time really that we just not cease in prayer unto God. For the people round about us, we will make intercession for our nation, for each other, for these are truly the last days, and Satan is going about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. And he's ripping off an awful lot of those from the church. Leading them into life, a life of sin. A life of self seeking, living after pleasure, and walking after the flesh. And the mind of the flesh is death. I wouldn't leave tonight until I had a deep assurance that things are square between God and me. You can go back to the prayer room as soon as we're dismissed. Some of the pastors will go back there and pray with you. God bless, God keep, and may God lay upon your heart the awareness of the day and the hour in which we live, and the need of an all out effort in our service for Jesus Christ. And may the Lord use you in a very special way, as His instrument to bring His love to this needy world. In Jesus' name.

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4. The Ultimate Pub Quiz Mix

The Ultimate Pub Quiz Mix

Sounds of Leisure presents The Ultimate Pub Quiz Mix. As promised, tracklist beneath. How many did you get? Get in touch via Twitter @kenjonnard Artwork De La Soul - Ego Trippin' (Part Two) Dilated Peoples - Proper Propaganda Coldcut - Atomic Moog 2000 US3 - Cantaloop (Flip Fantasia) (Edit) DJ Format - Last Bongo In Brighton (Remix) The Herbaliser - Ka Boink!! The Commodores - I Feel Sanctified Beats International - Dub be good to me Boca 45 - Airdrums Kurtis Blow - The Breaks N.W.A - Straight Outta Compton Leisure Allstars - Get Your Hands in the Air Ozomatli - Cut Chemist Suite Coldcut - Say Kids What Time Is It Gang Starr - Jazz Thing (Video Version) Roots Manuva - Join The Dots Cinematic Orchestra - All That You Give (Featuring Fontella Bass) Goldie - Inner City Life ABBA - Chiquitita Labi Siffre - I Got The... Vampire Weekend - A-Punk The Carpenters - We've Only Just Begun Radiohead - High And Dry Red Hot Chili Peppers - Give It Away Roots Manuva - Witness (1 Hope) Des’ree - You Gotta Be The Stranglers - Golden Brown Royce da 5’9 - Boom Skull Snaps - It's a new Day KRS 1 - Sound of Da Police Dilated Peoples - No Retreat JVC FORCE - Strong Island Toto - Hold The Line The Who - My Generation The O' Jays - For the Love of Money A Tribe Called Quest - Can I Kick It The White Stripes - My Doorbell Q-Tip - Breathe And Stop The Nextmen - Piece of the Pie feat. Demolition Man Bomb the Bass - Bug Powder Dust - (la Funk Mob mix) The Coral - Dreaming Of You Janelle Monáe - Sir Greendown Björk - Isobel De La soul ft. ATCQ, Jungle Brothers, Monie Love etc. - Buddy (Native Tongue Decision) Stereo MCs - Connected Alice in Chains - Would Black Sheep - The Choice Is Yours The Specials - A Message To You Rudy Oasis - Supersonic People under the stairs - Anotha' (BBQ) Main Source - Looking At The Front Door Kelis - Trick Me Wild Cherry - Play That Funky Music Rob Base & DJ EZ Rock - It Takes Two Rod Stewart - Da Ya Think I'm Sexy Air - Sexy Boy Lyn Collins - Think Most Wanted - Calm Down Massive Attack - Unfinished Sympathy (Paul Oakenfold Mix) Candi Staton - Young Hearts Run Free Quantic - Transatlantic Chase & Status ft. Kano - Against All Odds Young MC - Know How Tone Loc - Funky Cold Medina ELO - Evil Woman HAIM - Days Are Gone Blur - Girls & Boys Vernon Burch - Get Up The Spinners - Working My Way Back To You Lipps Inc. - Funky Town Talking Heads - Psycho Killer Roy Orbison - Oh, Pretty Woman Sub Focus - Could This Be Real Robin S - Show Me Love [Stonebridge Edit] Yes - Owner Of A Lonely Heart Roachford - Cuddly Toy Beck - The Golden Age Bryan Adams - Run to You Aimee Mann - Wise Up Miike Snow - Animal (Fake Blood Remix) Mighty Dub Katz - Magic Carpet Ride Chic - Everybody Dance The Isley Brothers - Harvest For The World Frank Sinatra - The Girl from Ipanema Omar - There's Nothing Like This Steppenwolf - Born To Be Wild Bruce Springsteen - Dancing In The Dark Red Hot Chili Peppers - Breaking The Girl Gene Pitney - Twenty Four Hours From Tulsa Nirvana - Territorial Pissings Boyz II Men - End Of The Road Thelma Houston - Don't Leave Me This Way TLC - Waterfalls Thin Lizzy - The Boys Are Back in Town Shabba Ranks - Mr. Loverman Barry White - I'm Gonna Love You Just a Little More, Baby Dire Straits - Romeo And Juliet The Beatles - I Feel Fine Jean Knight - Mr Big Stuff Frank Sinatra - Strangers in the night Joan Jett & The Blackhearts - I Love Rock n Roll Young Holt Trio - Wack Wack Mark Ronson & Alex Greenwald - Just Smokey Robinson And The Miracles - The Tracks Of My Tears Ray Charles - I Got a Woman Beyonce ft Jay Z - Crazy In Love All Saints - Pure Shores N.E.R.D - Lapdance Feat. Lee Harvey And Vita Charlatans - One To Another Loose Ends - Hangin' on a String (Contemplating) The Stone Roses - Waterfall The Spin Doctors - Two Princes The Strokes - Last Nite Ian Dury and the Blockheads - Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll Metallica - Master Of Puppets Guns n' Roses - Mr Brownstone The Prodigy - Diesel Power The Bee Gees - Jive Talkin' Dolly Parton - 9 To 5 Otis Redding - Tramp The Commodores - Brick House Faith No More - Midlife Crisis Sharon Redd - Can you Handle it Diana Ross - I'm Coming Out De La Soul - Say No Go Missy Elliott - Pass That Dutch Pointer Sisters - Automatic (Special remix) Bruce Hornsby and the Range - The Way It Is The Roots - The Seed (2.0) Robert Palmer - Addicted To Love Dizzee Rascal - Dance Wiv Me Sam and Dave - Soul Man Mcfadden and Whitehead - Ain't no Stoppin' Us Now Stevie Wonder - Do I Do (U-Tern Disco Edit) Patrice Rushen - Forget Me Nots Billy Ocean - Caribbean Queen (No More Love On The Run) Carla Thomas - B-A-B-Y Michael Jackson - Rock with You Cheryl Lynn - Got to be Real C&C Music Factory - Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) Fleetwood Mac - Everywhere The Farm - Groovy Train King Bee - Back by Dope Demand Girls Aloud - Love Machine Barry Manilow - Copacabana Jimmy Bo Horne - Spank [1980 Remix] Nat King Cole - Let there be Love Whitney Houston - I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me) Kool and the Gang - Open Sesame Journey - Don't Stop Believin' Cece Peniston - Finally Shirley Bassey - Big Spender Daft Punk - One More Time Metro Area - Miura Stealer's Wheel - Stuck in the Middle with you Andy Williams - Can't take my Eyes off You Shaggy - Oh Carolina Future Sound of London - Papua New Guinea Azealia Banks - 212 Prince - When Doves Cry Boney M - Rasputin Salt n Pepa - Push it Cee-Lo Green - F*ck you Alison Limerick - Where Love lives Mylo - Drop the Pressure Azzido Da Bass - Dooms Night (Timo Maas mix) Nelly Furtado - Maneater The Foundations - Build Me Up Buttercup SL2 - Way In My Brain Sam Sparro - Black & Gold Billy Ocean - Love Really Hurts Without You Michael Jackson - Beat It Underworld - Born Slippy Madness - Baggy Trousers The Smart Es - Sesame's Treet The Eagles - Hotel California The Prodigy - Voodoo People Kings Of Leon - Sex On Fire Kaiser Chiefs - Everyday I Love You Less And Less Santogold - You'll Find A Way The Doors - The End The Irresistible Force - Nepalese Bliss (Jimpster mix) Roni Size & Reprazent - Brown Paper Bag Tricky - Black Steel John Farnham - You're The Voice The Beastie Boys - So What'cha Want Dr. Octagon - Blue Flowers Jay-Z - Empire State of Mind (feat. Alicia Keys) Lenny Kravitz - I Belong To You DJ Shadow - Changeling Rotary Connection - I Am The Black Gold Of The Sun Massive Attack - Sly Rahzel - All I Know Dilated Peoples - Work The Angles Jurassic 5 - In The Flesh Crowded House - Weather With You Jurassic 5 - What's Golden Primal Scream - Movin' On Up Outkast - She Lives In My Lap A Tribe Called Quest - Oh My God Mark Morrison - Return Of The Mack (C+J Radio Edit) Warren G - Regulate The Blues Brothers - She caught the Katy Beck - Where It's At Tina Turner - What's Love Got To Do With It Method Man - Release Yo' self (Prodigy Mix) DNA ft Suzanne Vega - Tom's Diner Handsome Boy Modeling School - Holy Calamity (Bear Witness II) Michael Kiwanuka - Tell Me a Tale Melle Mel & the Furious 5 - The Message AiM - Ain’t got time to waste (Featuring YZ) Souls of Mischief - 93 'til Infinity Justin Timberlake - Rock Your Body Arctic Monkeys - I Bet You Look Good On The Dancefloor Johnny Cash - Ring Of Fire Chicago - If You Leave Me Now Hot Chocolate - You sexy thing Aerosmith & Run-D.M.C. - Walk This Way Mantronix - Got to Have Your Love House Of Pain - Jump Around The Jimi Hendrix Experience - Purple Haze PJ Harvey - This Is Love Shannon - Let the Music Play De La Soul - A Rollerskating Jam named Saturdays David Bowie - Let's Dance Elvis Presley - Suspicious Minds Ray Parker Jr. - Ghostbusters Madonna - Vogue ACDC - Highway to Hell The Clash - The Magnificent Seven S Express - Theme from S Express Labelle - Lady Marmalade St Germain - Rose Rouge David Shire - Salsation Huey Lewis & The News - The Power Of Love Bon Jovi - Bad Medicine CSS - Let's Make Love And Listen To Death From Above Deee-Lite - Groove Is In The Heart Radiohead - Pyramid Song Lenny Kravitz - Stand By My Woman Buena Vista Social Club - Chan Chan The Beatles - Tomorrow Never Knows Caribou - Sun M.I.A. - Bucky Done Gun Julio Bashmore - Battle for Middle You The Ronettes - Be My Baby Sneaker Pimps - Spin Spin Sugar [Armand's Dark Garage Mix] The Proclaimers - I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) The Clash - London Calling The Pointer Sisters - Jump (For My Love) Chaka Demus & Pliers - Tease Me John Coltrane - Blue Train Gorillaz - Feel Good Inc. Bryan Adams - Summer of '69 Deadmau5 - I Remember (Caspa Remix) Foo Fighters - Times Like These Kings Of Leon - Molly's Chambers Joy Division - Love Will Tear Us Apart Dire Straits - Sultans Of Swing Jill Scott - A Long Walk Blondie - Hanging On The Telephone B.J. Thomas - Raindrops Keep Falling On My Head Boca 45/McKay - In the City Stevie Wonder - He's Misstra Know It All Crowded House - Don't Dream It's Over Kenny Loggins - Danger Zone

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5. Job 2-3 (Job’s Health Is Destroyed & Curses the Day of His Birth)

Job 2-3 (Job’s Health Is Destroyed & Curses the Day of His Birth)

Job 2 - Job’s Health Is Destroyed A. The second act of the heavenly scene. 1. (1-3) God boasts again over His servant Job. Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD. And the LORD said to Satan, “From where do you come?” So Satan answered the LORD and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.” Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil? And still he holds fast to his integrity, although you incited Me against him, to destroy him without cause.” a. Again there was a day when the sons of God came: This again indicates that Satan and certain angelic beings (fallen as well as faithful) have somewhat open access to God’s presence in heaven. b. And the LORD said to Satan: The dialogue recorded here was completely unknown to Job; though perhaps, if he was the author of the book, at a later time God revealed this heavenly behind-the-scenes conversation to him. i. From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it: “Surely as Job still retained his integrity, so did Satan his vanity; boasting that he came now from visiting his estate.” (Trapp) c. And still he folds fast to his integrity: Up to this point, this second recorded dialogue followed the same pattern shown in Job 1:6-8. God used the repetition to impress upon Satan the futility of his first attack against Job. i. And still he holds fast to his integrity: The idea “indicates a strengthening of the grip he already had.” (Smick) d. Although you incited Me against him: This shows that both God and Satan understood that the attack could only come to Job because God allowed it. Although God did not actively send the Sabeans, the Chaldeans, the fire, or the wind, they could only come by His permission. e. To destroy him without cause: The idea is not that cause was absent in either God or Satan; they both had something they wanted to prove and establish in the whole account. However, there was no sinful cause in Job that prompted the calamities that befell him. 2. (4-6) Satan’s reply. So Satan answered the LORD and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life. But stretch out Your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will surely curse You to Your face!” And the LORD said to Satan, “Behold, he is in your hand, but spare his life.” a. Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life: Satan here asserted that Job failed to curse God only because he was afraid that if he did, it would bring personal punishment from God. Satan argued that the problem with the prior attacks was that none of the previous attacks touched Job directly, but only things next to or outside of Job (his family and his possessions). i. “In Job’s ancient culture, ‘skin for skin’ was a bartering term meaning to trade one skin for another. The Devil is accusing Job of being willing to risk the skin of his children and livestock in order to protect his own skin.” (Lawson) ii. “Any skin for his own; cattle, servants, children may be easily parted with by him, to save himself in a whole skin, to keep himself whole.” (Trapp) iii. When it came down to it, Abraham betrayed his wife to save his life. David forsook his sanity to save his life. Peter denied Jesus to save his own life. There is certainly some truth to the statement, all that a man has he will give for his life. b. Touch his bone and his flesh, and he will surely curse You to Your face! Satan insisted that if the attack were made against Job directly – if some calamity came upon Job’s body – then Job would certainly curse God. i. “Satan suggested to God a new test for Job. Physical suffering. Pain can weaken our resistance and make everything look and feel worse than it really is. More than one person has withstood tragedy only to fall apart under the onslaught of pain.” (Lawson) ii. “It is the devil’s perpetual estimate of humanity that flesh is supreme.” (Morgan) c. Behold, he is in your hand, but spare his life: With this God again “lowered the hedge” that protected Job, but He did not eliminate it. Satan was given greater allowance to attack Job, but not unlimited allowance. B. Job suffers affliction and shows integrity. 1. (7-8) Job is smitten with painful and disgusting sores. So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD, and struck Job with painful boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. And he took for himself a potsherd with which to scrape himself while he sat in the midst of the ashes. a. Struck Job with painful boils: This disease that came upon Job was specifically meant to drive Job to such great despair that he would curse God. We are not surprised that the attack against Job was severe (painful boils) and massive (from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head). i. We again are challenged to see that Satan has the power to attack mankind in ways we perhaps previously did not perceive. Previously we saw that Satan could inspire others to attack Job (Job 1:14, 1:17) and could direct natural calamity as an attack against Job (Job 1:16, 1:18-19). Now we see that disease and physical suffering could come against Job as a attack from Satan. Another example of this is in Luke 13:17, where Jesus revealed that a woman who had been afflicted for 18 years was actually afflicted with a spirit of infirmity and was bound by Satan in here condition. ii. The exact nature of Job’s ailment has been debated. “Some kind of acute dermatitis spreading everywhere and developing infections with darkened (Job 30:28) and peeling (30:30) skin and constantly erupting pustules (7:5b) would manifest the pruritus and purulence highlighted in 2:7.” (Andersen) iii. One of the curses God promised to a disobedient Israel was, The LORD will strike you with the boils of Egypt, with tumors, with the scab, and with the itch, from which you cannot be healed (Deuteronomy 28:27). This may very well be the same affliction that Job suffered from; it reminds us also that Job had every reason to feel cursed by God, and he appeared that way to others also. iv. Whatever the exact diagnosis of Job’s condition, taken together his medical problems were significant. Other passages in the Book of Job tell us more of what Job suffered. · Intense pain (My bones are pierced in me at night, and my gnawing pains take no rest; Job 30:17) · Peeling and darkened skin (My skin grows black and falls from me; Job 30:30a) · Pus-filled, erupting sores (My flesh is caked with worms and dust, my skin is cracked and breaks out afresh; Job 7:5b) · Anorexia, emaciation (My bone clings to my skin and to my flesh; Job 19:20) · Fever (My bones burn with fever; Job 30:30b) · Depression (I loathe my life; I would not live forever; Job 7:16 and My heart is in turmoil and cannot rest; days of affliction confront me. I go about mourning, but not in the sun; Job 30:27-28) · Weeping (My face is flushed with weeping; Job 16:16a) · Sleeplessness (When I lie down, I say, ‘When shall I arise, and the night be ended?’ Job 7:4) · Nightmares (Then you scare me with dreams and terrify me with visions; Job 7:14) · Putrid breath (My breath is offensive to my wife; Job 19:17) · Difficulty breathing (He will not allow me to catch my breath; Job 19:18) · Failing vision (On my eyelids is the shadow of death; Job 16:16b) · Rotting teeth (I have escaped by the skin of my teeth; Job 19:20) · Haggard looks (When they raised their eyes from afar, and did not recognize him; Job 2:12) · Painful swollen sores all over his body (painful boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; Job 2:7) · Intense itching (to scrape himself; Job 2:8) · This condition lasted for months (Oh, that I were as in months past; Job 29:2 and I have been allotted months of futility; Job 7:3) b. He took for himself a potsherd with which to scrape himself: Job dealt with his painful affliction to the best of his ability and then sat in a mournful place. In the midst of the ashes probably means “in the city dump,” where garbage was burned; Job sat on a burned heap. i. “He took him a potsherd; partly to allay the itch which his ulcers caused; and partly to squeeze out or take away that purulent matter which was under them, or flowed from them, and was the great cause of his torment.” (Poole) ii. “Though somewhat messy, ‘the ashes’ were perhaps the most sterile place a man with sores could sit. That aspect may be only coincidental; but the ancient, by practice, may have found it physically advantageous.” (Smick) 2. (9-10) Job holds his integrity before his wife. Then his wife said to him, “Do you still hold fast to your integrity? Curse God and die!” But he said to her, “You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. Shall we indeed accept good from God, and shall we not accept adversity?” In all this Job did not sin with his lips. a. Do you still hold fast to your integrity? Curse God and die! Job’s wife has become a proverbial example of a cruel, unsupportive, sharp-tongued wife. Yet some allowance must be made considering her losses in the previous few days. She also lost her children and her wealth, and should not be too harshly judged. i. The Septuagint puts more words into the mouth of Job’s wife: How long wilt thou hold out, and say, “Behold I wait yet a little while, expecting the hope of my deliverance?” For, behold, thy memorial is cut off from the earth – [even thy] sons and thy daughters, the pangs and pains of my womb, which I bore in vain, with sorrows; and though thyself sittest down to spend the nights in the open air among the corruption of worms, and I am a wanderer, and a servant from place to place, and house to house, waiting for the setting of the sun, that I may rest from my labours and my pains, which now beset me. Now curse God and die. (Cited in Bullinger) ii. “She can’t bear to see her husband suffer like this. Her heart, already crushed by the loss of her ten children, is now without hope. She is saying, ‘Curse God and He’ll strike you dead too. Then you can escape this pain. Death would be better than this.’” (Lawson) iii. “Renounce, she says, God and die. Leave the unprofitable service of this God, Who has left thee to so undeserved a fate. Leave Him, and quit life, a life that has nothing left worth living for.” (Bradley) iv. Nevertheless, the implication of her words, “do you still hold fast to your integrity?” is that she had abandoned her integrity. Satan’s goal in his attacks against Job was to shake Job from his standing; he failed in regard to Job, but he succeeded in regard to Job’s wife. Job must have been severely grieved both at his wife’s foolish words and her own shaken faith. “His cup seemed full. One other turn of the rack, so to speak, is yet possible. It is not spared him. From the one human quarter from which comfort might have yet come, there comes only a vulgar taunt, and suggestion of despair.” (Bradley) v. “Not knowing the limitation God had put on the Accuser, Job’s wife at this point diagnosed the disease as incurable and recommended that he curse God and die.” (Smick) b. You speak as one of the foolish women speaks: This was a wisely-worded rebuke to Job’s wife. He did not accuser of being a foolish woman, but of speaking like one of the foolish women. He indicated that this was out-of-character for her. i. “He does not call her ‘wicked’, merely foolish, that is, lacking in discernment. She thinks God has treated Job badly, and deserves a curse; Job finds nothing wrong with what has happened to him.” (Andersen) ii. Mason comments on Satan’s strategy here: “He sows strife and succeeds in turning the couple against each other. She ridicules his religion, and he calls her a fool. A degree of alienation sets in which, just in itself, would very likely have been the worst trial these two had ever passed through in their married life.” c. Shall we indeed accept good from God, and shall we not accept adversity? Job again shows his wisdom in this reply. He recognized that God does not owe us good; He gives it as a gift that we should accept. Accordingly, if adversity comes to us, and we are wise to see that even in adversity there may be a “gift” that we should accept. i. “Shall we poor worms give laws to our supreme Lord and Governor, and oblige him always to bless and favour us, and never to afflict us? And shall not those great, and manifold, and long-continued mercies, which from time to time God hath freely and graciously given us, compensate for these short afflictions?” (Poole) d. In all this Job did not sin with his lips: This is another remarkable statement to the credit of Job. He did not sin in his response to either his God or his wife. i. In all this is a broad statement, meaning that up to this point Job had not sinned at all in what he said. This is important to note, because some say that these calamities came upon Job because of a negative confession he made, supposedly recorded in Job 1:5 and in Job 3:25. This statement makes it clear that Job did not sin with his lips, certainly not in the sense of a negative confession. 3. (11-13) The consolation of Job’s friends. Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. For they had made an appointment together to come and mourn with him, and to comfort him. And when they raised their eyes from afar, and did not recognize him, they lifted their voices and wept; and each one tore his robe and sprinkled dust on his head toward heaven. So they sat down with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his grief was very great. a. When Job’s three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own place: This passage introduces three remarkable friends of Job. Their names were Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. These men came to Job in his hour of need. i. For they had made an appointment: “The fact that they met by appointment shows that they were already acquaintances who felt it would be better to come together.” (Andersen) b. To come and mourn with him, and to comfort him: Their intended goal was good and noble. They came to be with him (to come), to share his sorrow (and mourn with him), and to bring some relief to Job (and to comfort him). c. And did not recognize him: The boils left Job with a horrific, disfigured appearance. Upon seeing Job, his three friends were instantly gripped with grief and mourning as if one had died. i. “As they drew near and raised their eyes and saw the change which disease and misery had worked in his form and face, the horrors of the spectacle overcame them.” (Bradley) d. They sat down with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him: This was a wonderful display of comfort and common cause with Job. They shared in his afflicted state, acting as if they were similarly afflicted. They offered no statement except for their compassionate presence. i. “Seven days and seven nights was the usual time of mourning for the dead, Genesis 50:10; 1 Samuel 31:13, and therefore proper both for Job’s children, who were dead, and for Job himself, who was in a manner dead whilst he lived.” (Poole) ii. After this point in the Book of Job there begins 35 chapters of discussion between Job and his friends. Yet all that discussion must be put in the context of the genuine love and concern that these friends had for Job, and there was a sense in which they earned their right to speak by their sacrificial display of compassion. iii. “While it is true that Job suffered more at the hands of these friends ultimately than by the attacks of the foe, yet some recognition must be made of the goodness of the men.” · They are to be admired because they came to Job. · They are to be admired because they wept for and with Job. · They are to be admired because they sat in silence with Job for seven days. · They are to be admired because they intended all the best for Job, and were persistent in wanting and doing what they thought was best for Job. · They are to be admired because they spoke their opinion about Job and his condition to Job himself, instead of speaking about him to others. iv. “They believed him to be suffering for heavy crimes; and seeing him suffer so much, they were not willing to add to his distress by invectives or reproach. Job himself first broke silence.” (Clarke) v. “We leave Job and his friends seated in silence. There is calm around them, but we feel that the air is heavy, and that there is a tempest in the sky. We shall hear the storm burst and the thunder roll when next we meet.” (Bradley) Job 3 - Job Curses the Day of His Birth A. Wishes he had never been born. 1. (1-2) Job will curse his birth day, but not his God. After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. And Job spoke, and said: a. After this: This was after all the catastrophe, all the personal affliction, and all the demonstration of compassion from Job’s friends. Now Job will begin to speak about his situation. b. Cursed the day of his birth: Satan was confident that he could push Job to curse God (Job 1:11 and 2:5). As Job spoke in his deep distress, he cursed the day of his birth – but he did not even come close to cursing God. i. Job’s thinking was somewhat common among the ancients. The historian Herodotus described an ancient people who mourned new births (for the suffering that the new life would endure) and rejoiced in deaths (as a final release from the suffering of life). ii. This chapter begins the battle in Job’s mind and soul. He will not lose more or suffer more than he already has (though his physical pain will continue). Yet now we can say that the battle enters into an entirely other arena; the arena of Job’s mind and soul. How will he choose to think about his suffering? How will he choose to think about what others think about his suffering? How will he choose to think about God in all this? These are the questions that take up the remainder of the book, and soon come to any sufferer. The catastrophic loss itself is only an entry point into the agonizing battle in the mind and soul. iii. “One of the grimmest aspects of this story is that Job never does teeter over the brink into madness, but rather faces his entire ordeal with eyes wide-open.” (Mason) 2. (3-10) Job curses the day of his birth. “May the day perish on which I was born, And the night in which it was said, ‘A male child is conceived.’ May that day be darkness; May God above not seek it, Nor the light shine upon it. May darkness and the shadow of death claim it; May a cloud settle on it; May the blackness of the day terrify it. As for that night, may darkness seize it; May it not rejoice among the days of the year, May it not come into the number of the months. Oh, may that night be barren! May no joyful shout come into it! May those curse it who curse the day, Those who are ready to arouse Leviathan. May the stars of its morning be dark; May it look for light, but have none, And not see the dawning of the day; Because it did not shut up the doors of my mother’s womb, Nor hide sorrow from my eyes. a. May the day perish on which I was born: Here, in fine Hebrew poetic style, Job cursed the day of his birth. Yet if there were not enough, he goes even further back and curses the night of his conception. Job’s complaint is that it would be better if he were never born than to endure his present catastrophe of affliction. i. This begins a section that somewhat like a dialogue between Job and his friends. Sometimes a speaker in this dialogue answers what the previous speaker said; sometimes they do not. Sometimes the speeches are emotional much more than logical. When Job speaks, he often speaks to God; his friends speak much about God but never to Him. ii. Beginning with Job 3:3, the style of speaking (and writing) is poetic. This means that we must allow for figures of speech and exaggeration of feeling in those who speak. “So when Job calls God his enemy, the reader must remember these are words of poetic passion used analogically as the total context proves.” (Smick) b. May that day be darkness: Job here is despising the day of his birth, and wishing that this day could be wiped off the calendar of history. Job does not curse God here or anywhere else in the Book of Job; but he here makes his strongest statements against God and especially against the wisdom and plan of God. i. “As God had said in Genesis 1:3, ‘Let there be light,’ so Job, using the same terminology in Job 3:4, said, ‘As for that day, let there be darkness’ (literal translation). All this is a logical absurdity, but it is poetry, and Job meant to give full vent to his feelings.” (Smick) ii. We can say that he cursed his day, but not his God, as the devil wanted him to do. “Giving the reins wholly to his grief, he roareth and rageth beyond all reason; and had not the Spirit held him back, he would surely have run headlong into blasphemy and desperation, which was Satan’s design.” (Trapp) c. May those curse it who curse the day: Without endorsing the practices of ancient sorcerers, Job calls upon them (those who curse) to also pronounce this curse upon the day he was born. i. “Job summons the ancient soothsayers to curse his birthday. I don’t believe Job personally believed in their mystical power, not was he committing himself to them. Rather, he is simply communicating vividly.” (Lawson) d. Those who are ready to arouse Leviathan: This is the first mention of this strange creature in the Bible, but Leviathan is mentioned prominently in a long discourse beginning at Job 41:1. Usually Leviathan is considered to be a mythical sea-monster or dragon that terrorized sailors and fishermen. i. In Job’s present context, the idea may be that even as sailors and fishermen would curse the threatening Leviathan with all their might, so Job wishes the day of his birth would also be cursed. “Not as if Job did justify this practice, but only it is a rash and passionate wish, that they who pour forth so many curses undeservedly, would bestow their deserved curse upon this day.” (Poole) ii. “Current mythology used the term Leviathan for a monster of chaos who lived in the sea, and the Sea itself was a boisterous deity who could be aroused professionally. But to Job, a strict monotheist, this was simply vivid imagery.” (Smick) iii. “There can be no doubt that the Leviathan is the chaos dragon of the ancient myths.” (Andersen) iv. The name Leviathan means “twisting one” and is also used in other interesting places in Scripture. · Psalm 74:12-14 refers to Leviathan as a sea serpent, and that God broke the head of the Leviathan long ago, perhaps at the creation. · Psalm 104:26 also refers to Leviathan as a sea creature. · Isaiah 27:1 speaks of the future defeat of Leviathan, also associating it with a twisted serpent that lives in the sea. · Isaiah 51:9 and Psalm 89-8-10 also speak of a serpent associated with the sea that God defeated as a demonstration of His great strength, and identifies this serpent with the name Rahab, meaning proud one. · Job 26:12-13 also refers to God’s piercing defeat of a fleeing serpent associated with the sea. v. Ancient rabbinic mythologies suggest that an evil serpent was in the primeval sea resisting creation, and that God killed the serpent and brought order to the world (Genesis 1:1-2). vi. Satan is often represented as a dragon or a serpent (Genesis 3; Revelation 12 and 13) and the sea is thought of as a dangerous or threatening place in the Jewish mind (Isaiah 57:20; Mark 4:39; Revelation 21:1). Therefore, Leviathan may be another serpent-like manifestation of Satan, who was the original “Rahab” (proud one). vii. The Puritan commentator John Trapp avoided the discussion of Leviathan altogether. “If I should go about to show the reader, with the several opinions of interpreters, I should not only tire him out, but also danger doing as that vicar of Augsburgh did . . . at the end of his last lecture said, that both Job and himself were very glad to be rid of one another; for as he understood little or nothing of Job’s meaning, so Job seemed to him to be more tormented with his enarrations [exposition] than ever he had been with all his own ulcers.” B. Job longs for the grave as a release from his present misery. 1. (11-19) Why did I not die at birth? “Why did I not die at birth? Why did I not perish when I came from the womb? Why did the knees receive me? Or why the breasts, that I should nurse? For now I would have lain still and been quiet, I would have been asleep; Then I would have been at rest With kings and counselors of the earth, Who built ruins for themselves, Or with princes who had gold, Who filled their houses with silver; Or why was I not hidden like a stillborn child, Like infants who never saw light? There the wicked cease from troubling, And there the weary are at rest. There the prisoners rest together; They do not hear the voice of the oppressor. The small and great are there, And the servant is free from his master. a. Why did I not perish when I came from the womb? Job continued his complaint from his place of misery. Using poetic exaggeration, Job powerfully communicated his present pain and the feeling that it would be much better if he had never survived to face such catastrophe. i. It is as if Job said at this point, “I have asked that the day of my birth be obliterated, and that has not and can not happen. So why could I have not been a stillbirth?” ii. It is easy – but very, very wrong – to think that Job was a sinner because he was so emotional. But the Bible does not present to us a stoic, unfeeling, “stiff upper lip” approach to the problems of life. “It cannot be emphasized too strongly that the startling sentiments expressed in this speech do not mean that Job has cracked under the strain. There is no hint that Satan has finally made his point. . . . The Lord’s testing is not to find out if Job can sit unmoved like a piece of wood.” (Andersen) b. For now I would have lain still and been quiet, I would have been asleep: Job was wrong in his understanding of the afterlife, perhaps believing in something similar to the modern doctrine of soul sleep, which says that the dead lie in the grave in some sort of suspended state until they are resurrected on the final day. i. The idea of soul sleep is wrong because of what Paul clearly wrote in 2 Corinthians 5:6-8 – that to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord. Paul understood that if he was not alive on this earth, he would be in the presence of God and not in a suspended state lying in a grave. Paul also understood that if he died it would be an immediate gain (Philippians 1:21), which also argues against the idea of soul sleep. ii. We can explain Job’s lack of knowledge of the afterlife by understanding the principle of 2 Timothy 2:10: that Jesus Christ brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. The understanding of immortality was at best cloudy in the Old Testament, but is much clearer in the New Testament. For example, we can say that Jesus knew fully what He was talking about when He described hell and judgment (such as in Matthew 25:41-46). We therefore rely on the New Testament for our understanding of the afterlife, much more than the Old. iii. We also understand that this does not in any way take away from the truth of the Bible and the Book of Job. What is true is that Job actually said this and actually believed it; the truth of the statement itself must be evaluated according to the rest of the Bible. iv. Later, God challenged and corrected Job’s presumptuous assertions regarding the afterlife, reminding Job that he did not in fact know that life after death was like (Job 38:2 and 38:17). c. There the wicked cease from troubling: Job was also wrong in this view of the afterlife. He had the feeling that many people have – that the world beyond this is somehow a better place for everyone. In fact, the wicked do not cease from troubling in the world beyond; their trouble only increases. The prisoners do not rest, and perhaps the only voice they hear is that of their oppressor. i. “It implies that the wicked live in a state of emotional disturbance which happily ends for them in death. We are already near the bitter thought that being good or bad makes no difference in the end.” (Andersen) ii. This deception is remarkably widespread. One notable example involves the infamous Columbine murderers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who left behind a videotaped document spelling out their motivation. In the last segment of tape, shot the morning of the murders, Harris and Klebold are dressed and say they are ready for “our little Judgment Day.” Then Klebold, looking tense, says goodbye to his parents. He concluded, “I didn’t like life too much. Just know I am going to a better place than here.” Incredibly, these young men believed they were going to a better place. iii. Yet, we understand that Job was not aiming for theological certainty or to explain the afterlife. He poured out the agony of his soul. “Job meddles not here with their eternal state after death, or the sentence and judgment of God against wicked men, of which he speaks hereafter; but only speaks of their freedom from worldly troubles, which is the only matter of his complaint and present discourse.” (Poole) 2. (20-26) Job laments his state: why go on living? “Why is light given to him who is in misery, And life to the bitter of soul, Who long for death, but it does not come, And search for it more than hidden treasures; Who rejoice exceedingly, And are glad when they can find the grave? Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, And whom God has hedged in? For my sighing comes before I eat, And my groanings pour out like water. For the thing I greatly feared has come upon me, And what I dreaded has happened to me. I am not at ease, nor am I quiet; I have no rest, for trouble comes.” a. Why is light given to him who is in misery? Job wondered why God allowed those in misery such as his to go on living, and why life was given to those who were so bitter of soul. It is a moving, poetic expansion of the idea expressed in the previous passage, speculating that death was better than his present misery. i. Job was among those who long for death, but it does not come. Yet, he did not commit or seem to seriously consider suicide. Again, this was the outpouring of a honest, agonizing soul. ii. “But it is observable that Job durst not lay violent hands upon himself, nor do any thing to hasten or procure his death; notwithstanding all his miseries and complaints, he was contented to wait all the days of his appointed time, till his change came, Job 14:14.” (Poole) b. Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, and whom God has hedged in? Job’s trouble did not come because he had lost faith in God. He felt and feared that God had lost faith in him. He asks, “Why continue living (why is light given) if I can’t see the way and God has trapped me in this place? i. “His concern from beginning to end is God; not his wealth or his health, but his life with God. It is because he seems to have lost God that he is in such torment.” (Andersen) ii. “Never does he whine and wail that the Lord has taken away his children, his servants, his camels, and his building. . . . What Job does begrudge, however, is that he feels to be the loss of his spiritual estate . . . what he is really bemoaning is the loss of his peace with God – the loss of unbroken fellowship with his Creator, the loss of any felt sense of the Lord’s friendship and approval.” (Mason) iii. “As Satan invaded Job’s life and brought great harm, God had built another hedge around Job’s life. But this hedge is to keep Job from escaping his trials. He is now locked in. Instead of a wall of protection to keep Satan out, now there is a wall of affliction that keeps Job in.” (Lawson) iv. “The words are even more bitter, for there is an ironical echo of what the Satan had said in 1:10. The Satan saw God’s hedge as a protection; Job finds it a restriction. He feels trapped.” (Andersen) v. The man here described can see no reason for the trouble he is in; his way is hidden. Yet there was actually a wonderful answer to Job’s question, if he could only see it with the eye of faith. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to teach a lesson to angelic beings. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to teach him special reliance upon God. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to teach him to not regard the wisdom of man so much. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to vindicate him before other men. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to make him a lesson and an example for all ages. · God allowed Job to continue on in life to give him more than he ever had before. c. For my sighing comes before I eat, and my groanings pour out like water: We sense the great emotion in Job’s speech. He was not a stoic or concerned with keeping what is known as a “stiff upper lip” in the midst of all his calamity. Such an emotionless Christian life is never presented to us a Biblical ideal. d. For the thing that I greatly feared has come upon me: Job reminds us that before this disaster came to his life, he did not live a happy-go-lucky care-free life. He was concerned that trouble might come to him or to his family, so he took precautions before God to prevent it (Job 1:5). i. “Whereas it might be said unto him, Is it fit for thee, who hast hitherto been so happy, now to take on so heavily, because thus and thus afflicted? Truly, saith he, I was never so happy as you took me for; because (considering how movable and mutable all outward things are) I always feared lest I should outlive my prosperity; that which now also is unhappily befallen me.” (Trapp) ii. “While I was in prosperity I thought adversity might come, and I had a dread of it. I feared the loss of my family and my property; and both have occurred. I was not lifted up: I knew that what I possessed I had from divine Providence, and that he who gave might take away. I am not stripped of my all as a punishment for my self-confidence.” (Clarke) e. I am not at ease, nor am I quiet; I have no rest, for trouble comes: With these final four blows of the hammer, Job ends his first speech. Through it all he shows us that even a great man of faith can fall into great depression and despair. i. The great preacher of Victorian England, Charles Spurgeon, describe just such a season in his own life: “I was lying upon my couch during this last week, and my spirits were sunken so low that I could weep by the hour like a child, and yet I knew not what I wept for – but a very slight thing will move me to tears just now – and a kind friend was telling me of some poor old soul living near, who was suffering very great pain, and yet she was full of joy and rejoicing. I was so distressed by the hearing of that story, and felt so ashamed of myself, that I did not know what to do; wondering why I should be in such a state as this; while this poor woman, who had a terrible cancer, and was in the most frightful agony, could nevertheless ‘rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of glory.’ ” (Charles Spurgeon, The Christian’s Heaviness and Rejoicing) ii. “Where in the world will you find a sadder strain of more hopeless, uncontrolled, and unbroken lamentation and mourning?” (Bradley) Yet, “Such outpouring is a far more healthy thing for the soul than dark and silent brooding.” (Morgan)

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6. Deuteronomy 21-25 (Various Laws, Instructions to the Assembly, & The Law of Divorce,)

Deuteronomy 21-25 (Various Laws, Instructions to the Assembly, & The Law of Divorce,)

Deuteronomy 21 - Various Laws A. The law of an unsolved murders. 1. (1) The presence of an unsolved murder. If anyone is found slain, lying in the field in the land which the LORD your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who killed him, a. If anyone is found slain: Presumably, death from natural causes had been ruled out and it was evident that the deceased had been murdered; yet, it was not known who killed him. b. It is not know who killed him: This was important based on a principle stated in Numbers 35:33-34. This passage shows that the blood of unsolved, unavenged murder defiles and pollutes the land. Therefore, if there is a murder unavenged, some kind of cleansing is necessary, so the land will not be defiled. 2. (2-6) The procedure for atoning for murder-polluted land. Then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance from the slain man to the surrounding cities. And it shall be that the elders of the city nearest to the slain man will take a heifer which has not been worked and which has not pulled with a yoke. The elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with flowing water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and they shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the LORD your God has chosen them to minister to Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; by their word every controversy and every assault shall be settled. And all the elders of that city nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley. a. The elders of the city nearest to the slain man: First, the matter of jurisdiction had to be settled. These elders were responsible to make the sacrifice to atone for and cleanse the murder-polluted land. b. A heifer which has not been worked: Then, appropriate sacrifice had to be made. This heifer was sacrificed by the sons of Levi in the presence of the city elders, who washed their hands over the sacrificed animal. i. This washing of the hands, done in the presence of the sons of Levi, who by their word every controversy and every assault shall be settled, was a powerful proclamation by the elders: “We have done all we could to settle this case, but cannot. We are clean from all guilt in the matter of this slain man.” ii. Of course, this ceremony of washing the hands over the sacrificed animal meant nothing if the elders had in fact not done what they could to avenge the murder; apart from that, this washing of the hands was just as much an empty gesture as Pilate’s washing of his hands at the trial of Jesus (Matthew 27:24). 3. (7-9) The prayer said by the elders as they washed their hands. Then they shall answer and say, “Our hands have not shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it. Provide atonement, O LORD, for Your people Israel, whom You have redeemed, and do not lay innocent blood to the charge of Your people Israel.” And atonement shall be provided on their behalf for the blood. So you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you when you do what is right in the sight of the LORD. a. Provide atonement, O LORD: Again, Numbers 35:33-34 makes the principle clear, that unavenged murders defile and pollute the land and atonement must be made for the land itself. b. So you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood: When Israel followed God’s instructions for atonement, He honored His word by taking away their guilt. But the removal of guilt was always based on blood sacrifice, on a substitutionary atonement - looking forward to the work of Jesus on the cross for the entire world. B. Laws relevant to family and home situations. 1. (10-14) Laws regarding the taking of a wife from conquered peoples. When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hand, and you take them captive, and you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and desire her and would take her for your wife, then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall shave her head and trim her nails. She shall put off the clothes of her captivity, remain in your house, and mourn her father and her mother a full month; after that you may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. And it shall be, if you have no delight in her, then you shall set her free, but you certainly shall not sell her for money; you shall not treat her brutally, because you have humbled her. a. And you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and desire her: In the ancient world, it was not uncommon for a man to take a wife from among the captives, especially if she was a beautiful woman. Yet obviously, this was open to great abuse, so God give specific guidelines to govern this practice in Israel. b. Shave her head and trim her nails: First, the captive woman had to be purified and humbled. This denoted a complete break with her past, and the willingness to start anew, humbly as a child. c. Put off the clothes of her captivity, remain in your house: Second, the captive woman had to show a change of allegiance. This showed that the captive woman no longer regarded her former nation and her former family; now she was a citizen of Israel. d. Mourn her father and mother a full month: Third, the captive woman had to mourn her past associations. This would be time when she could resolve issues in her heart regarding her family, and when her husband-to-be could live with her a month without intimate relations - so he could see if he really wanted to take this woman as a wife, and to make sure he was not making a decision based only of physical appearance or attractiveness. e. You certainly shall not sell her for money; you shall not treat her brutally: After the month of mourning, the potential husband was free to marry the captive woman - yet, he did not have to. But if he decided not to, he had to set her free with dignity. This was a remarkable protection of the rights of a captive woman. 2. (15-17) The protection of inheritance rights. If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and if the firstborn son is of her who is unloved, then it shall be, on the day he bequeaths his possessions to his sons, that he must not bestow firstborn status on the son of the loved wife in preference to the son of the unloved, the true firstborn. But he shall acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the firstborn by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his. a. If a man has two wives: Obviously, there are going to be problems in a home like this, especially if there is one loved and the other unloved. Yet, God commanded that the inheritance rights of the firstborn son be respected, even if he were the son of the unloved wife. b. A double portion of all that he has: This was the right of the firstborn in ancient Israel; the firstborn son was to receive twice as much inheritance as any other son. For example, if there were three sons, the inheritance would be divided into four parts, with the firstborn receiving two parts, and the other three sons each receiving one part. 3. (18-21) The penalty for a rebellious son. If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not heed them, then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city, to the gate of his city. And they shall say to the elders of his city, “This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.” Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death with stones; so you shall put away the evil from among you, and all Israel shall hear and fear. a. A stubborn and rebellious son: This does not mean a small child, or even a young teen - but a son past the age of accountability, who sets himself in determined rebellion against his father and mother. b. Who, when they have chastened him, will not heed them: The parents must have done a good job raising the son, calling him to obedience, and chastening him as appropriate before the LORD. c. Bring him out to the elders of his city: Such a stubborn and rebellious son was to be put on trial before the elders of the city. If they determine him to be chronically rebellious, then the son was to be stoned to death. i. It is important to note that the parents could not, by themselves, execute this penalty. They had to bring the son on trial before impartial judges. This is in contrast to ancient Greek and Roman law, which gave fathers the absolute right of life or death over their children. This was a control of parental authority more than it was an exercise of it. ii. The parents had to take the boy to the elders of the community; not only because the decision of life or death should be taken out of their direct hands, but because the guilt of the stubborn and rebellious son was not only against his parents, but against the whole community. He sowed the seeds for cultural suicide in Israel. d. And all Israel shall hear and fear: This law was clearly intended to protect the social order of ancient Israel. No society can endure when the young are allowed to make war against the old. i. Perhaps just the presence of this law was deterrent enough; we never have a Scriptural example of a son being stoned to death because he was a stubborn and rebellious son. ii. “Yet the Jews say this law was never put into practice, and therefore it might be made for terror and prevention, and to render the authority of parents more sacred and powerful.” (Poole) iii. “Stoning was the punishment appointed for blasphemers and idolaters; which if it seem severe, it is to be considered that parents are in God’s stead, and intrusted in good measure with his authority over their children; and that families are the matter and foundation of the church and commonwealth, and they who are naughty members and rebellious children in them, do commonly prove the bane and plague of these, and therefore no wonder if they are nipped in the bud.” (Poole) iv. “If such a law were in force now, and duly executed, how many deaths of disobedient and prolifigate children would there be in all corners of the land!” (Clarke) 4. (22-23) The curse upon one who hangs on a tree. If a man has committed a sin deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that you do not defile the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is hanged is accursed of God. a. And you hang him on a tree: In the thinking of ancient Israel there was something worse than being put to death. Worse than that was to be put to death and to have your corpse left exposed to shame, humiliation, and scavenging animals and birds. i. Hang him on a tree does not have the idea of being executed by strangulation; but of having the corpse mounted on a tree or other prominent place, to expose the executed one to disgrace and the elements. b. His body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day: Therefore, if anyone was executed and deemed worthy of such disgrace (and you hang him on a tree), the humiliation to his memory and his family must not be excessive. This was a way of tempering even the most severe judgment with mercy. i. “It is worthy of remark that in the infliction of punishment prescribed by the Mosaic law, we ever find that Mercy walks hand in hand with Judgment.” (Clarke) c. For he who is hanged is accursed of God: The punishment of being hanged on a tree, and left to open exposure, was thought to be so severe, that it was reserved only for those for which is was to be declared: “this one is accursed of God.” i. Paul expounds on Deuteronomy 21:23 in Galatians 3:13-14: Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Jesus not only died in our place; but He also took the place as the accursed of God, being hung on a “tree” in open shame and degradation. He received this curse, which we deserved and He did not, so that we could receive the blessing of Abraham, which He deserved and we did not. ii. We are redeemed from the curse of the law by the work of Jesus on the cross for us. We no longer have to fear that God wants to curse us; He wants to bless us, not because of who we are, or what we have done, but because of what Jesus Christ has done on our behalf. Deuteronomy 22 - Various Laws A. Laws to demonstrate kindness and purity. 1. (1-4) Kindness to your brother regarding his animals. You shall not see your brother’s ox or his sheep going astray, and hide yourself from them; you shall certainly bring them back to your brother. And if your brother is not near you, or if you do not know him, then you shall bring it to your own house, and it shall remain with you until your brother seeks it; then you shall restore it to him. You shall do the same with his donkey, and so shall you do with his garment; with any lost thing of your brother’s, which he has lost and you have found, you shall do likewise; you must not hide yourself. You shall not see your brother’s donkey or his ox fall down along the road, and hide yourself from them; you shall surely help him lift them up again. a. You shall not see . . . and hide yourself: God here condemned the sin of doing nothing. To see your brother in need, and to do nothing, is to do evil. When one has the opportunity to good, you must not hide yourself. b. Until your brother seeks it; then you shall restore it to him: Simply put, when something is lost, a finder cannot claim it as theirs without taking all due diligence to restore it to the owner. If the owner seeks the missing object, it must be restored to him. i. Exodus 23:4-5 commands Israel to also help stray animals, but extends the obligation to the stray animals of an enemy, not just a brother. c. You shall surely help him left them up again: Also, if someone’s donkey falls down, and you can help them, then you must. To pass by your brother in need and to hide yourself from them is to sin against your brother and against God. 2. (5) A command to keep distinction between the sexes in clothing. A woman shall not wear anything that pertains to a man, nor shall a man put on a woman’s garment, for all who do so are an abomination to the LORD your God. a. Anything that pertains to a man: In Old Testament times, men and women wore clothing that was superficially similar - long robes and wrapping garments were common for both sexes. Yet, the specific types of garments and the way in which they were worn made a clear distinction between the sexes, and this command instructs God’s people to respect those distinctions. i. Some have taken this command to be the “proof-text” against women wearing pants and some Christian groups command that women wear only dresses. Yet, this is not a command against women wearing a garment that in some ways might be common between men and women; it is a command against dressing in a manner which deliberately blurs the lines between the sexes. b. Nor shall a man put on a woman’s garment: This does not prohibit a man from wearing a kilt; yet it clearly prohibits a man dressing like a woman, as is all too common - and all too accepted - in our modern culture. i. The dramatic rise in cross-dressing, transvestitism, androgynous behavior, and “gender-bender” behavior in our culture is a shocking trampling of this command, and will reap a bitter harvest in more perversion and more gender confusion in our culture. c. All who do so are an abomination to the LORD your God: This command to observe the distinction between the sexes is so important, those who fail to observe it are called an abomination to the LORD. This was not only because cross-dressing was a feature of pagan, idolatrous worship in the ancient world, but also because of the terrible cultural price that is paid when it is pretended that there is no difference between men and women. i. “Later writers, such as Lucian of Samosata and Eusebius, speak of the practice of masquerading in the worship of Astarte. Apparently women appeared in men’s garments and men in women’s garments.” (Thompson) 3. (6-7) A command to show kindness to animals. If a bird’s nest happens to be before you along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, with the mother sitting on the young or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young; you shall surely let the mother go, and take the young for yourself, that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days. a. If a bird’s nest happens to be before you along the way: God simply and plainly commanded kindness to animals. Even a bird’s nest was to be given special consideration and care. i. Some Jewish commentators say that this is the smallest, or least of all the commandments; yet even it has a promise of blessing for the obedient attached to it: That it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days. b. You shall surely let the mother go: Puritan commentator Matthew Poole wrote on this, “Partly for the bird’s sake, which suffered enough by the loss of its young; for God would not have cruelty exercised towards the brute creatures; and partly for men’s sake, to restrain their greediness and covetousness, that they should not monopolize all to themselves, but might leave the hopes of a future seed for others.” c. That it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days. If Israel would obey this commandment, they would find blessing and long life, both as individuals and as a nation. What possible connection can there be between showing kindness to bird’s nests and eggs and little baby birds and national survival? i. First, because obedience to the smallest of God’s commands brings blessing. It puts us into a properly submissive relationship to Him, that this always brings blessing to us. ii. Second, because kindness and gentleness in the small things often (but not always) speaks to our ability to be kind and gentle in weightier matters. If someone is cruel to animals, not only is that sin in itself, but they are also much more likely to be cruel to people. If Israel allowed such cruelty to flourish, it would harm the nation. 4. (8) Liability and building codes. When you build a new house, then you shall make a parapet for your roof, that you may not bring guilt of bloodshed on your household if anyone falls from it. a. You shall make a parapet for your roof: God commanded that a railing be made for the rooftop, so someone were protected against falling. b. That you may not bring bloodguiltiness on your house: Failure to build in a safe way would bring guilt (liability) on the owner or builder of the home. They were responsible for the safety of those who would use the home. i. In his sermon on Deuteronomy 22:8, titled “Battlements,” Charles Spurgeon shows how just as there was to be a railing for the protection of people on the roofs of Israel’s homes, there are also spiritual railings for our protection. Many people, in regard to sin, get too close to the edge and fall off. Then it’s too late! We need to have “railings” protecting us from the edge. Such railings will not only protect us, but others also. 5. (9-12) Four laws of separation. You shall not sow your vineyard with different kinds of seed, lest the yield of the seed which you have sown and the fruit of your vineyard be defiled. You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together. You shall not wear a garment of different sorts, such as wool and linen mixed together. You shall make tassels on the four corners of the clothing with which you cover yourself. a. You shall not sow your vineyard with different kinds of seed: Each of these laws was meant to separate Israel from her pagan neighbors, who would commonly combine unlike things to achieve what was thought to be a “magical” combination. b. You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together: So, in pagan cultures it was common to combine different kinds of seed in a vineyard; or to plow with an ox and a donkey together; or to wear a garment of wool and linen mixed together. When God commands Israel to not do these things, it isn’t so much for the sake of the combinations themselves, but so Israel would not imitate the pagan, occultic customs of their neighbors. i. There is a spiritual application of this principle; the commands forbidding unholy combinations, “though in themselves small and trivial, are given . . . to forbid all mixture of their inventions with God’s institutions, in doctrine or worship.” (Poole) ii. As Paul says, Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness? (2 Corinthians 6:14) iii. One commentator believes that these laws were also given, in part, to protect other animals from the bad breath of donkeys: “Besides, the donkey, from feeding on coarse and poisonous weed, has a fetid breath, which its yoke-fellow seeks to avoid, not only as poisonous and offensive, but producing leanness, or, if long continued, death.” (Jameison-Fauset-Brown, page 673) c. You shall make tassels on the four corners of the clothing: This command was also to distinguish Israel from their pagan neighbors; in this way, an Israelite man was immediately known by the clothes he wore. i. i. “A symbolic meaning is given to these tassels in Numbers 15:37-41, namely that they are a reminder to Israel to keep God’s law.” (Thompson) ii. Like most good commands of God, men have the capability to twist and corrupt this command. In Jesus’ day, He had to condemn the Pharisees in Matthew 23:5, saying they enlarge the borders of their garments. In other words, they made the tasseled portion of their garments larger and more prominent to show how spiritual they were. B. Laws of sexual morality. 1. (13-21) Resolving an accusation of marital deception. If any man takes a wife, and goes in to her, and detests her, and charges her with shameful conduct, and brings a bad name on her, and says, “I took this woman, and when I came to her I found she was not a virgin,” then the father and mother of the young woman shall take and bring out the evidence of the young woman’s virginity to the elders of the city at the gate. And the young woman’s father shall say to the elders, “I gave my daughter to this man as wife, and he detests her. Now he has charged her with shameful conduct, saying, ‘I found your daughter was not a virgin,’ and yet these are the evidences of my daughter’s virginity.” And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city. Then the elders of that city shall take that man and punish him; and they shall fine him one hundred shekels of silver and give them to the father of the young woman, because he has brought a bad name on a virgin of Israel. And she shall be his wife; he cannot divorce her all his days. But if the thing is true, and evidences of virginity are not found for the young woman, then they shall bring out the young woman to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death with stones, because she has done a disgraceful thing in Israel, to play the harlot in her father’s house. So you shall put away the evil from among you. a. Charges her with shameful conduct: The idea is that the man accused his wife of not being a virgin when they were married. Apparently, this was discovered on their wedding night, when they first had intimate relations (when I came into her I found she was not a virgin). i. It is important to understand that in ancient Israel virginity was valued. It was seen as a great loss to give up one’s virginity before marriage, and if a woman was known to have lost her virginity, it greatly reduced her chances of getting married. ii. By the same principle, if a husband believed that his wife had lied about her virginity, he felt cheated. What follows is an attempt to resolve the issue. b. Then the father and mother . . . bring out the evidence of the young woman’s virginity . . . they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city: according to custom, a Jewish woman would first be intimate with her husband upon a special cloth, which would collect the small drops of blood which were accepted as evidence of the young woman’s virginity. This blood-stained cloth would then become the property of the married woman’s parents, who kept it as the evidence of the young woman’s virginity. i. Many people argue that this custom of proving a woman’s virginity is absurd, because it doesn’t always work. Some have answered by saying it does “work” when ladies are given in marriage at twelve or thirteen years of age, as was the custom in Old Testament times. ii. Nonetheless, for whatever reasons, the custom did “work” - and is still practiced in some parts of the world. “The proofs of virginity, the blood-spotted bedclothes or garments, which, though not infallible, were widely accepted in the ancient Near East as indications of prior virginity, are still accepted among some peoples today” (Kalland). Clarke also adds: “A custom similar to that above is observed among the Mohamedans to the present day.” iii. Clarke on they shall spread the cloth: “A usage of this kind argues a roughness of manners which would ill comport with the refinement of European ideas on so delicate a subject.” c. The elders of the city shall take that man and punish him: If the parents could produce the evidence, then the man was found to have made false accusation against his wife and it was commanded that with a fine to be paid to the father of his bride. i. Additionally, the man had forfeited his future right to divorce this wife: he cannot divorce her all his days. ii. The strong penalty against a man who made a false accusation (one hundred shekels of silver was a significant fine), and the loss of his right to divorce his wife in the future was an effective deterrent against wild, false accusations by a husband against his wife. d. But if the thing is true, and evidences of virginity are not found for the young woman: If this were the case, the woman was to be executed by stoning. This was not only for her sexual promiscuity (to play the harlot), but for her attempt to deceive her husband. i. This law must be seen in connection with the command in Exodus 22:16-17, which commands that a man who entices a virgin must surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. This law in Deuteronomy is directed against the truly wanton woman, who has given up her virginity, yet not claimed her rights under Exodus 22:16-17. She did not value her virginity at the time she gave it up, yet she wanted to claim the benefits of it by deceiving her husband. ii. All this simply reinforces the principle that virginity was valued, highly valued, in Israel. Today, far too many people - especially women - sell themselves cheaply by easily giving away their virginity. A man illustrated this with a true story about a friend who owned an antique store and had a table for sale. The table was worth $600, but was marked down to $300. A man tried to bargain her down to $200, and not only did she refuse, but she realized the true value of the table, and upped the price to its true worth - even when offered $300. The man finally bought the table for $600, and certainly treated it like a $600 table - because its worth had been fought for. Many women who know they are being treated shabbily by men have contributed to the problem by selling themselves cheaply. 2. (22) The penalty for adultery. If a man is found lying with a woman married to a husband, then both of them shall die; the man that lay with the woman, and the woman; so you shall put away the evil from Israel. a. Both of them shall die: God commanded the death penalty for adultery. This was primarily because of the exceedingly great social consequences of this sin. Therefore, God commanded the ultimate penalty against it. i. God also specifically instructs: both the man that lay with the woman, and the woman. Adultery was not to be condemned with a double-standard; if it was wrong for the woman, it was wrong for the man, and vice-versa. b. Then both of them shall die: As a practical matter, this death penalty was rarely carried out, as is the case in most of these situation where capital punishment is commanded. This is because any capital crime required two or three witnesses, and the witnesses had to be so sure of what they saw that they were willing to “cast the first stone” - that is, initiate the execution (Deuteronomy 17:6-7). i. So, particularly in a case of adultery (or other sexual sins) there would rarely be two eyewitnesses willing to initiate the execution - and so capital punishment would not be carried out. ii. This also helps us to understand what Jesus was doing when confronting the crowd who brought to Him the woman taken in adultery. By their presence and words, they claimed to have caught the woman in the act - but why then did they not bring the guilty man as well? And who was willing to cast the first stone - that is, initiate the execution? (John 8:1-12) c. So you shall put away the evil from Israel: Though the death penalty for adultery was carried out rarely, it still had value. It communicated loudly and clearly an ideal that Israel was to live up to, and it made people regard their sin much more seriously. Today, we have done away with this ideal, and people don’t care much about adultery - and society suffers greatly as a result. 3. (23-29) Laws concerning rape. If a young woman who is a virgin is betrothed to a husband, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her, then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones, the young woman because she did not cry out in the city, and the man because he humbled his neighbor’s wife; so you shall put away the evil from among you. But if a man finds a betrothed young woman in the countryside, and the man forces her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die. But you shall do nothing to the young woman; there is in the young woman no sin deserving of death, for just as when a man rises against his neighbor and kills him, even so is this matter. For he found her in the countryside, and the betrothed young woman cried out, but there was no one to save her. If a man finds a young woman who is a virgin, who is not betrothed, and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are found out, then the man who lay with her shall give to the young woman’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife because he has humbled her; he shall not be permitted to divorce her all his days. a. If a young woman who is a virgin is betrothed to a husband: If a man had intimate relations with a virgin who was betrothed to a husband, and it happened in the city (and no one immediately hears the woman cry out in an attempt to stop the man), then both were to be executed. i. The woman was to be executed for disgracing her virginity; the man was to be executed because he humbled his neighbor’s wife. Interestingly, the woman was considered the wife of another man, even though she was only betrothed, and was still a virgin, having not yet consummated the marriage. b. But if a man finds a betrothed young woman in the countryside: If a man had intimate relations with a virgin who was betrothed, and it happened in the countryside (where no one could hear the woman, even if she should cry out), then only the man was to be executed, because the woman was presumed to be the victim of rape. i. Significantly, the woman was not blamed for the rape, and it was presumed that she was innocent in this circumstance. c. If a man finds a young woman who is a virgin, who is not betrothed: If a man had intimate relations with a virgin who is not betrothed, then he must pay a fine and was obligated to marry the woman (presumably, if she will have him), and he forfeited his right to divorce her in the future. i. Some Jewish commentators note that the fifty shekels of silver were to be paid in addition to the dowry. 4. (30) A law concerning incest. A man shall not take his father’s wife, nor uncover his father’s bed. a. A man shall not take his father’s wife: This probably described the case of a son marrying his stepmother after his father had died. This was considered incest, even though there was not a blood relation, because he was considered to have had uncovered his father’s bed. b. Nor uncover his father’s bed: Significantly, this was exactly the same kind of immoral relationship that the Corinthian church accepted, and Paul had to rebuke them about - that a man has his father’s wife! (1 Corinthians 5:1-2) Deuteronomy 23 - Instructions to the Assembly, Various Laws A. Those excluded from the congregation of Israel. 1. (1) Eunuchs are excluded from the congregation of Israel. He who is emasculated by crushing or mutilation shall not enter the assembly of the LORD. a. By crushing or mutilation: This refers to those emasculated by either birth defect, accident, or by deliberate emasculation. b. Shall not enter the assembly of the LORD: When we read this term, it usually refers to the nation gathered before the LORD in worship, such as when they were gathered at Mount Sinai (Deuteronomy 5:22, 9:10, 10:4, and 18:16). But it doesn’t always have this sense. i. Deuteronomy 31:30 refers to all the congregation of Israel, while Deuteronomy 31:28 makes it clear that “all the congregation” was gathered through all the elders of your tribes, and your officers. So, in some contexts, the congregation can refer to elders and officers. It may very well be that these exclusions from the assembly of the LORD are exclusions not from the religious life of Israel, but from the political life of the nation. ii. Poole suggests that the idea of the assembly of the LORD is the leadership, or the rulers of Israel. These people were barred not from the religious life of Israel, but from the political life of the nation. Trapp agrees, saying on shall not enter the assembly of the LORD: “Shall not go in and out before the people as a public officer.” Clarke adds, “If by entering into the congregation be meant the bearing a civil office among the people, such as magistrate, judge, &c., then the reason of the law is very plain.” iii. Isaiah 56:3-5 shows that even eunuchs and foreigners could be accepted before the LORD if they would obey Him, and they would be accepted before the “normal” people who disobeyed God. c. Shall not enter the assembly of the LORD: Eunuchs were excluded because God’s covenant with Israel was vitally connected with the idea of the seed, and emasculation is a “crime” against the seed of man. Additionally, most eunuchs were made to be so in pagan ceremonies where they were dedicated to pagan gods. 2. (2) Those of unknown parentage are excluded from the assembly of Israel (civil leadership in Israel). One of illegitimate birth shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD. a. One of illegitimate birth: It is difficult to define exactly what is meant by the term of illegitimate birth. Some later Jewish writers defined this as someone who was born of an incestuous relationship between Jews; others said it refers to those born of mixed marriages between the people of Israel and their pagan neighbors (as in Nehemiah 13:23). 3. (3-6) Ammonites and Moabites are excluded from the congregation of Israel (civil leadership in Israel). An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the LORD; even to the tenth generation none of his descendants shall enter the assembly of the LORD forever, because they did not meet you with bread and water on the road when you came out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you. Nevertheless the LORD your God would not listen to Balaam, but the LORD your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the LORD your God loves you. You shall not seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days forever. a. An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter the assembly of the LORD: The Moabites and the Ammonites not only treated Israel cruelly on their way to the Promised Land, but they also were a people with a disgraceful beginning. Moab and Ammon were the two sons born to the daughters of Lot through their incest with their father (Genesis 19:30-38). 4. (7-8) Edomites and Egyptians (of the third generation) are permitted to be among the congregation of Israel (civil leadership in Israel). You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother. You shall not abhor an Egyptian, because you were an alien in his land. The children of the third generation born to them may enter the assembly of the LORD. a. You shall not abhor an Edomite: The Edomites were ethnically related to Israel, because Israel’s brother Esau was the father of the Edomite peoples. Therefore, Israel was commanded to not abhor an Edomite. i. Interestingly, one of the most famous Edomites in history was abhorred by Israel - Herod the Great. Many of his spectacular building projects in Judea were intended to not only glorify his own name, but to win the favor of the Jews who despised him as an Edomite. b. You shall not abhor an Egyptian: The Egyptians were also to receive more favor than the Moabites or Ammonites, because Israel was a guest in Egypt for almost 400 years. Though the years Israel spent in Egypt were hard, God had a great purpose for them. Egypt was like a mother’s womb for Israel; they went in as a large family, and came out as a distinct nation. B. Miscellaneous laws. 1. (9-14) Cleanliness in the camp. When the army goes out against your enemies, then keep yourself from every wicked thing. If there is any man among you who becomes unclean by some occurrence in the night, then he shall go outside the camp; he shall not come inside the camp. But it shall be, when evening comes, that he shall wash with water; and when the sun sets, he may come into the camp. Also you shall have a place outside the camp, where you may go out; and you shall have an implement among your equipment, and when you sit down outside, you shall dig with it and turn and cover your refuse. For the LORD your God walks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you and give your enemies over to you; therefore your camp shall be holy, that He may see no unclean thing among you, and turn away from you. a. When the army goes out against your enemies, then keep yourself from every wicked thing: God commanded ceremonial cleanliness among the army of Israel. Some occurrence in the night probably refers to nocturnal emissions, and the cleansing ceremony for this is described in Leviticus 15:16-18. After observing the ceremonial washing, he may come into the camp again. b. And you shall have an implement among your equipment: God commanded sanitary cleanliness among the army of Israel; each soldier was to carry some type of shovel, with which he could cover [his] refuse. i. This command was given, “Partly, to prevent the annoyance of ourselves or others; partly, to preserve and exercise modesty and natural honesty; and principally, that by such outward rites they might be inured to the greater reverence of the Divine Majesty, and the greater caution to avoid all real and moral uncleanness.” (Poole) ii. Some ancient rabbis taught that the holy city of Jerusalem should be considered “the camp of the LORD.” Under this reasoning, one had to go outside the camp to relieve one’s self. However, for many people, the trip outside the large “camp” of Israel (the city of Jerusalem) was longer than what would be permitted on the Sabbath. Therefore, as a practical matter, the rabbis prohibited a Jew from relieving themselves on the Sabbath day. 2. (15-16) Israel to provide asylum for the foreign escaped slave. You shall not give back to his master the slave who has escaped from his master to you. He may dwell with you in your midst, in the place which he chooses within one of your gates, where it seems best to him; you shall not oppress him. a. You shall not give back to his master the slave who has escaped from his master to you: “The refugee slave referred to had evidently come from a foreign land. Otherwise there would have been legal complications, since slaves were a valued possession.” (Thompson) 3. (17-18) Sacred prostitution banned. There shall be no ritual harlot of the daughters of Israel, or a perverted one of the sons of Israel. You shall not bring the wages of a harlot or the price of a dog to the house of the LORD your God for any vowed offering, for both of these are an abomination to the LORD your God. a. Ritual harlot: This refers to a female prostitute. The term perverted one refers to a male prostitute, both of which were common among the pagan religions of the Canaanites and others in the ancient world. i. Later, in the reigns of Asa (1 Kings 15:12) and Josiah (2 Kings 23:7) we are told that the perverted persons (male prostitutes) were expelled from Israel. This means that for some period of time before they were expelled, they were allowed to practice their “holy prostitution,” which was an abomination to the LORD your God. b. You shall not bring the wages of a harlot or the price of a dog to the house of the LORD your God: The pay of a female prostitute (the hire of a harlot) and the pay of a male prostitute (the price of a dog) were never to be offered to the LORD. This was a common practice among the sacred prostitution cults that abounded in the ancient world. i. A reminder of the principle that the work of the LORD does not need money from immoral or ill-gotten gains. ii. Even in its most gross forms, this kind of practice has been allowed in the institutional church. “And what a stinking shame is that, that stews and brothel-houses are licensed by the Pope, who reaps no small profit by them?” (Trapp, writing in 1659) 4. (19-20) No interest to be charged to the family of Israel. You shall not charge interest to your brother; interest on money or food or anything that is lent out at interest. To a foreigner you may charge interest, but to your brother you shall not charge interest, that the LORD your God may bless you in all to which you set your hand in the land which you are entering to possess. a. You shall not charge interest to your brother; interest on money or food: The mention of food, and the similar command in Exodus 22:25, leads most to understand that interest was prohibited on loans made to the poor for their basic needs, and did not prohibit the taking of interest on loans that were not for relief of the poor. b. To a foreigner you may charge interest: “But since merchants from other nations might come for business reasons to Israel, or make loans on interest to Israelites, foreigners could be charged interest.” (Kalland) 5. (21-23) The importance of keeping our vows. When you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay to pay it; for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and it would be sin to you. But if you abstain from vowing, it shall not be sin to you. That which has gone from your lips you shall keep and perform, for you voluntarily vowed to the LORD your God what you have promised with your mouth. a. You shall not delay to pay it: A vow before God is no small thing. God expressly commanded that Israel should be careful to keep its vows and to fulfill every oath made, for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and it would be sin to. i. In many circles today, the breaking of an oath is just standard business practice - but before God, it is simply sin. b. If you abstain from vowing: Many wonder if vows or oaths are permitted for a Christian today. i. Some think not, because of what Jesus said in Matthew 5:34-37: But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one. (See also James 5:12) ii. But, in context of the rest of Scripture, we see that Jesus was not forbidding oaths, as much as telling us that we should be so filled with integrity in our words that an oath is unnecessary. iii. Jesus answered under oath in a court (Matthew 26:63-64), and God Himself swears oaths (Luke 1:73, Acts 2:30, Hebrews 3:18, 6:13, 17). c. But if you abstain from vowing, it shall not be sin to you: Vows are never required by God; many times it is better not to make a vow. d. That which has gone from your lips you shall keep and perform: This shows how important it is to keep a vow once made. As it says in Ecclesiastes 5:4-5, When you make a vow to God, do not delay to pay it; for He has no pleasure in fools. Pay what you have vowed. It is better not to vow than to vow and not pay. i. Many vows are just plain foolish - “I’ll never do that again” is a foolish vow, and it is foolish and unwise to demand such a vow from someone else. ii. Of course, there is a vow we all can and should make - a vow to praise God: Vows made to You are binding upon me, O God; I will render praises unto You (Psalm 56:12). So I will sing praise to Your name forever, that I may daily perform my vows (Psalm 61:8). 6. (24-25) The right to glean is given to travelers. When you come into your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes at your pleasure, but you shall not put any in your container. When you come into your neighbor’s standing grain, you may pluck the heads with your hand, but you shall not use a sickle on your neighbor’s standing grain. a. When you come into your neighbor’s vineyard: The idea is that, as one traveled they had the right to pick off a few grapes or heads of grain to eat along the way. It wasn’t the right to harvest from your neighbor’s fields, but to provide for your own immediate needs. b. You may pluck the heads with your hand: This is the law Jesus and His disciples were operating under when they plucked heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands (Luke 6:1-5). They were accused by the Pharisees of breaking the Sabbath, but not of stealing grain, because the Pharisees knew this law in the book of Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 24 - The Law of Divorce and Other Various Laws A. Divorce, remarriage and marriage. 1. (1) The law of divorce in ancient Israel. When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some uncleanness in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house, a. A certificate of divorce: According to these laws, divorce was allowed in Israel, but carefully regulated. Under God’s law, the marriage contract cannot be simply dissolved as soon as one partner wants out; there must be cause for a certificate of divorce. i. Even with cause, divorce was never to be seen as a preferred or easy option. The Hebrew word translated divorce has as its root the idea of “a hewing off, a cutting apart” - it is the amputation of that which is one flesh. ii. “(Christians) all regard divorce as something like cutting up a living body, as a kind of surgical operation. Some think that the operation is so violent that it cannot be done at all; others admit that it is a desperate remedy in extreme cases. They are all agreed that it is more like having your legs cut off than it is like dissolving a business partnership or even deserting a regiment.” (C.S. Lewis) b. He writes her a certificate of divorce: God commands here that any divorce be sealed with a certificate of divorce. In other words, it was not enough for a man to just declare “we’re divorced” to his wife. The divorce had to be recognized legally just as the marriage had been, so a certificate of divorce - a legal document - must be issued, and properly served (puts it in her hand). c. She finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some uncleanness in her: This describes the grounds of divorce and indicates that a certificate of divorce could not be written for just any reason. It had to be founded on these two important clauses. i. There has to be some uncleanness in her. Some later Rabbis defined uncleanness as anything in the wife which might displease the husband. At the time of Jesus, some Rabbis taught that if a wife burned her husband’s breakfast, he could divorce her. ii. But Jesus carefully and properly defined what uncleanness is in Deuteronomy 24:1. He said, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery (Matthew 19:9). Jesus rightly understood that uncleanness refers to sexual immorality, a broad term referring to sexual sin, which includes, but is not restricted to, sexual intercourse with someone who is not your spouse. The Hebrew word translated uncleanness in itself implies the meaning of sexual immorality; it is literally, “nakedness of a thing.” iii. So, if a husband finds some uncleanness in her, he has the right to give his wife a certificate of divorce. But he is not obligated to do so. It must also be that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some uncleanness in her. In other words, it must be that the husband is so troubled at his wife’s sexual immorality that he simply cannot look upon her with favor in his eyes any more. The lack of favor in his eyes must be because of her uncleanness. iv. This helps us understand what Jesus said in Matthew 19:8: Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. If a woman did not have a hard heart, she would never commit sexual immorality against her husband, and there would be no need for divorce. If a husband did not have any hardness in his heart, he could forgive and still look upon his wife with favor in his eyes, even though she was guilty of sexual immorality. But because God knows there is hardness in our hearts - both in the offending and offended parties - He grants permission for divorce. v. In the days of Jesus, Rabbis taught that it was the duty of a godly man to divorce his wife if she displeased him. Both Moses and Jesus make it clear that God permits divorce in certain circumstances, but never commands it. vi. Yet, if someone has Biblical grounds of divorce (which, according to 1 Corinthians 7:15, includes abandonment by an unbelieving spouse), they certainly do have permission to divorce, and God does not “hold it against them,” unless of course, He has specifically told them to not divorce and they are disobeying His specific word to their lives. d. He writes her a certificate of divorce: Most people think that in ancient Israel, only husbands had the right to divorce their wives, and wives did not have the right of divorce. But what is said here may be intended to be applied to both husband and wife. Jesus, in Mark 10:12 says and if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, clearly saying that in His day, a wife had the right to divorce. 2. (2-4) The law of remarriage in ancient Israel. When she has departed from his house, and goes and becomes another man’s wife, if the latter husband detests her and writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house, or if the latter husband dies who took her as his wife, then her former husband who divorced her must not take her back to be his wife after she has been defiled; for that is an abomination before the LORD, and you shall not bring sin on the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance. a. Her former husband who divorced her must not take her back: This is a strong law, saying that if a divorced woman marries again, she could not return to her first husband, should her second marriage end through divorce or death. To break this law was an abomination before the LORD. b. An abomination before the LORD: It seems that it might be a good thing for the first husband and wife to get back together. But this command is made because God wanted both marriage and divorce to be seen as serious, permanent things. One couldn’t be married or divorced casually; it had to be carefully thought out because it was permanent. i. This law would also strengthen the second marriage; it would discourage a spouse from thinking they might as well just leave their second marriage and go back to their first partner. 3. (5) The law honoring marriage. When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war or be charged with any business; he shall be free at home one year, and bring happiness to his wife whom he has taken. a. He shall be free at home one year: This was God’s way of honoring and blessing the marriage covenant. He allowed men who were newly married to be exempt from military or other state service for one year. b. Bring happiness to his wife: This is an important job for every husband. Even as before the LORD, we find our lives by losing them (Matthew 10:39), so a husband will find the most happiness if he will bring happiness to his wife. i. As the role of the husband in Ephesians 5 is described, we see that God emphasizes the essential oneness between husband and wife. The husband cannot make his wife happy without also bringing happiness into his own life. Conversely, he cannot bring misery into the life of his spouse without also bringing misery into his own life. ii. A happy wife is the foundation for a happy home; a bitter or contentious wife makes for a miserable home. A continual dripping on a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike (Proverbs 27:15). Better to dwell in a corner of a housetop, than in a house shared with a contentious woman. (Proverbs 21:9). Better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and angry woman (Proverbs 21:19). B. Other various laws. 1. (6) Do not take someone’s livelihood as a pledge. No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge, for he takes one’s living in pledge. a. No man shall take the lower or the upper millstone in pledge: A millstone was something essential to a family’s livelihood, therefore it was forbidden to take it as a guarantee for a loan. i. This warns Israel against taking advantage of each other in times of great need. We must take care that we never unfairly profit from the poverty or difficulty of others. b. For he takes one’s living in pledge: Non-essential items could be taken as a pledge. Although interest could not be charged on a loan to an Israelite in need, a pledge could be taken - collateral to guarantee the repayment of the loan. This command forbids the taking of collateral that would take away a man’s ability to provide for his family, and get himself out of debt. 2. (7) The punishment for kidnapping. If a man is found kidnapping any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and mistreats him or sells him, then that kidnapper shall die; and you shall put away the evil from among you. a. If a man is found kidnapping any of his brethren of the children of Israel: Kidnapping was usually done in the ancient world not so much for return and ransom, but so that one could sell the one abducted to slavery, just as was done to Joseph by his brothers (Genesis 37:28). b. That kidnapper shall die: This crime was serious enough before God, so as to command the death penalty. 3. (8-9) The command to act swiftly when leprosy breaks out. Take heed in an outbreak of leprosy, that you carefully observe and do according to all that the priests, the Levites, shall teach you; just as I commanded them, so you shall be careful to do. Remember what the LORD your God did to Miriam on the way when you came out of Egypt. a. Take heed in an outbreak of leprosy: Leviticus 13 and 14 describe in great detail how God wanted lepers examined and quarantined. Because leprosy was such a dreaded disease, God commands here that they take heed in an outbreak of leprosy, so it would not become a plague throughout Israel. b. Remember what the LORD your God did to Miriam: In Numbers 12, Miriam led her brother Aaron in a rebellion against Moses, and for it, God struck her with leprosy. Though Moses prayed for her to be healed, God let her be a leper for seven days before healing her, and she was shut out of the camp seven days (Numbers 12:14). If someone as prominent as Miriam was quarantined as a leper, it showed that every other leper in Israel should also be quarantined. 4. (10-13) Handling a pledge rightly. When you lend your brother anything, you shall not go into his house to get his pledge. You shall stand outside, and the man to whom you lend shall bring the pledge out to you. And if the man is poor, you shall not keep his pledge overnight. You shall in any case return the pledge to him again when the sun goes down, that he may sleep in his own garment and bless you; and it shall be righteousness to you before the LORD your God. a. You shall not go into his house to get his pledge: When a pledge was taken for a loan, it had to be received in a way that kept the poor man’s dignity. i. God does not condemn the principle of taking a pledge, only commanding that it be received humanely. The idea of taking collateral for a loan is valid, because it encourages personal responsibility in the one receiving the loan. b. You shall not keep his pledge overnight: Assuming the pledge was something to keep the man warm (such as a garment or a blanket, which would often be the only pledge a poor man could make), the pledge had to be returned so the man could use it to keep warm overnight. i. “The Jews in several cases did act contrary to this rule, and we find them cuttingly reproved for it by the Prophet Amos, chap. ii. 8.” (Clarke) 5. (14-15) The command to pay your workers. You shall not oppress a hired servant who is poor and needy, whether one of your brethren or one of the aliens who is in your land within your gates. Each day you shall give him his wages, and not let the sun go down on it, for he is poor and has set his heart on it; lest he cry out against you to the LORD, and it be sin to you. a. You shall not oppress a hired servant: A servant might be oppressed by not being paid, or by brutal or unsafe working conditions. God commanded employers to treat their employees fairly and kindly. b. Lest he cry out against you to the LORD: The LORD hears the cry of the oppressed. James 5:4 warns the rich man who oppresses his workers: Indeed the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, cry out; and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of the Lord of Saboath. 6. (16) Each shall bear his own sin. Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall the children be put to death for their fathers; a person shall be put to death for his own sin. a. A person shall be put to death for his own sin: God commanded that each individual be responsible for their own sin. A father cannot be blamed and responsible for the sin of their (grown) children, and the children cannot be blamed and responsible for the sin of their parents. i. It is wrong for a parent to automatically blame themselves for their wayward children; though they may have a part in the problem, it isn’t always the case. b. For his own sin: There are instances when God commands that a whole family be punished for sin, such as with the family of Achan in Joshua 7:16-26. When God deals with a whole family, it shows that there must have been some conspiracy between family members, for each is responsible for his own sin. 7. (17-18) A command to be compassionate and fair. You shall not pervert justice due the stranger or the fatherless, nor take a widow’s garment as a pledge. But you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you from there; therefore I command you to do this thing. a. You shall remember: If Israel kept remembering how much God had done for them, it would make them more compassionate and fair in dealing with others. We must always deal with others remembering how much God has blessed and forgiven us. 8. (19-22) Leave behind some of the harvest for the poor. When you reap your harvest in your field, and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it; it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. When you beat your olive trees, you shall not go over the boughs again; it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you shall not glean it afterward; it shall be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow. And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore I command you to do this thing. a. It shall be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow: This was one of God’s welfare programs for Israel, establishing the right of the gleaner. Farmers were instructed to not completely harvest their fields, so that some would be left behind for the hard-working poor to gather for themselves. b. Therefore I command you to do this thing: This was a wonderful way of helping the poor. It commanded farmers to have a generous heart, and it made the poor to be active and work for their food. It made a way for them to provide for their own needs with dignity. Deuteronomy 25 - More Laws on Various Subjects A. Two laws to protect criminals and animals. 1. (1-3) A limit on corporal punishment. If there is a dispute between men, and they come to court, that the judges may judge them, and they justify the righteous and condemn the wicked, then it shall be, if the wicked man deserves to be beaten, that the judge will cause him to lie down and be beaten in his presence, according to his guilt, with a certain number of blows. Forty blows he may give him and no more, lest he should exceed this and beat him with many blows above these, and your brother be humiliated in your sight. a. They justify the righteous and condemn the guilty: This is the simple responsibility of all government and courts. As Paul described the role of government in Romans 13:4: For he is God’s minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. b. If the wicked man deserves to be beaten: Apparently, God considers that some criminals are wicked and deserve to be beaten. We seem to have a justice system today that considers itself more compassionate and kind than God Himself, yet we can’t say that we live in a more just or safe society. i. “Among the Mohammedans there are very few law-suits, and the reason is given . . . because they that sue others without just cause are to be whipped publicly.” (Trapp) c. Forty blows may he give him and no more: Though sometimes a beating was the appropriate punishment, God also agrees with the idea that there is a such thing as excessive punishment, and this was intended to prevent excessive punishment. Additionally, the beating was to be administered in the presence of the judge (and be beaten in his presence), so he could make sure the punishment was not excessive. i. In 2 Corinthians 11:24, Paul listed this among his “apostolic credentials”: From the Jews five times I received forty stripes minus one. The forty stripes minus one means Paul was beaten by the Jewish authorities with thirty-nine blows on five different occasions. Paul did not receive 40 blows, as according to Deuteronomy 25:3 because as a common practice, the Jews only allowed 39 blows to be administered. This was to both show mercy and to scrupulously keep the law - one blow was left off to protect against a miscount. 2. (4) The command to not muzzle the ox. You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain. a. You shall not muzzle an ox: This law simply commanded the humane treatment of a working animal. In those

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7. Job 20-23 (Two Friends Speak Out; Job’s Desire to Appear Before God)

Job 20-23 (Two Friends Speak Out; Job’s Desire to Appear Before God)

Job 20 – Zophar Speaks a Second Time A. Zophar answers Job. 1. (1-3) Zophar describes his turmoil. Then Zophar the Naamathite answered and said: “Therefore my anxious thoughts make me answer, Because of the turmoil within me. I have heard the rebuke that reproaches me, And the spirit of my understanding causes me to answer.” a. My anxious thoughts make me answer: Zophar insisted that Job’s striking defense in the previous chapters made him anxious and caused turmoil within him. Job’s speech upset him. i. “Zophar speaks with dignity, but dignity is not an indication of discernment. Zophar has listened to Job’s words but not to the spirit of them; he is ashamed of the attitude his former friend has taken.” (Chambers) b. I have heard the rebuke that reproaches me, and the spirit of my understanding causes me to answer: Though wounded by Job’s tough response, Zophar claimed he would answer Job with understanding. i. “Zophar therefore assumes his old ground, and retracts nothing of what he had said. Like many of his own complexion in the present day, he was determined to believe that his judgment was infallible, and that he could not err.” (Clarke) ii. We can rightly question the spiritual understanding of Zophar’s answer, but he certainly spoke with an understanding of poetry and literature. “The poem must be read with full attention given to the use of figurative language, parallelism, and strophic structure, all basic elements of Hebrew poetry. Despite the error of Zophar’s application, the poem itself ought to be appreciated as a masterly piece of literature.” (Smick) 2. (4-11) The short triumph of the wicked man. “Do you not know this of old, Since man was placed on earth, That the triumphing of the wicked is short, And the joy of the hypocrite is but for a moment? Though his haughtiness mounts up to the heavens, And his head reaches to the clouds, Yet he will perish forever like his own refuse; Those who have seen him will say, ‘Where is he?’ He will fly away like a dream, and not be found; Yes, he will be chased away like a vision of the night. The eye that saw him will see him no more, Nor will his place behold him anymore. His children will seek the favor of the poor, And his hands will restore his wealth. His bones are full of his youthful vigor, But it will lie down with him in the dust.” a. Do you not know this of old: Zophar here did what he and his friends had done on previous occasions; he made a claim to authority simply by saying, “We all know these things to be true” without proving the claim. i. “Zophar had a strong conceit that Job was but a hypocrite, one that was wicked before God in heart, notwithstanding his fair pretences and professions of piety.” (Trapp) b. The triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite is but for a moment: “Job, we all know this – that whatever good or triumph the wicked seem to enjoy, it is all quickly passing. It is only for a moment, and the wicked man will perish forever like his own refuse.” i. Yet he will perish forever like his own refuse: “Zophar here hints his disbelief in that doctrine, the resurrection of the body, which Job had so solemnly asserted in the preceding chapter.” (Clarke) B. The misery of the wicked man. 1. (12-19) The frustrated life of the wicked man. “Though evil is sweet in his mouth, And he hides it under his tongue, Though he spares it and does not forsake it, But still keeps it in his mouth, Yet his food in his stomach turns sour; It becomes cobra venom within him. He swallows down riches And vomits them up again; God casts them out of his belly. He will suck the poison of cobras; The viper’s tongue will slay him. He will not see the streams, The rivers flowing with honey and cream. He will restore that for which he labored, And will not swallow it down; From the proceeds of business He will get no enjoyment. For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor, He has violently seized a house which he did not build.” a. Though evil is sweet in his mouth . . . Yet his food in his stomach turns sour: Zophar argued that though the wicked man might enjoy things for a while, God surely brings His judgment against him so that all can see. What is sweet today for the wicked man will soon become sour. i. “The evil man’s wicked deeds, especially his robbing the poor, are tasty food that pleases his palate but turns sour in his stomach.” (Smick) ii. Here he implied a painful and aggressive application. He would insist that Job was this wicked man, and his previous blessing and prosperity in life was only the sweet that has now turned sour. iii. Trapp on he swallows down riches: “As wild beasts do their prey, as the greater fishes do the lesser, greedily, easily, suddenly, irrecoverably, as the fire swalloweth up the fuel, as the lean kine devoured the fat, and as the Pamphagus glutton doth his tid-bits, his sweet morsels.” iv. Trapp on God casts them out of his belly: “Thus God will rake out of his belly, so that piece of his heart shall go with it. In the last destruction of Jerusalem some of the Jews had swallowed their gold, that the Roman soldiers might not have it; this was found out, and thereupon thousands of them were killed and ripped up for the gold that might be found in their stomachs and bowels. In like sort shall God deal with those covetous.” b. For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor: Here Zophar described what he thought was the sinful conduct of the wicked man, and why he deserved to be frustrated in life. Clearly, he implied that this was Job. 2. (20-29) The dark destiny of the wicked man. “Because he knows no quietness in his heart, He will not save anything he desires. Nothing is left for him to eat; Therefore his well-being will not last. In his self-sufficiency he will be in distress; Every hand of misery will come against him. When he is about to fill his stomach, God will cast on him the fury of His wrath, And will rain it on him while he is eating. He will flee from the iron weapon; A bronze bow will pierce him through. It is drawn, and comes out of the body; Yes, the glittering point comes out of his gall. Terrors come upon him; Total darkness is reserved for his treasures. An unfanned fire will consume him; It shall go ill with him who is left in his tent. The heavens will reveal his iniquity, And the earth will rise up against him. The increase of his house will depart, And his goods will flow away in the day of His wrath. This is the portion from God for a wicked man, The heritage appointed to him by God.” a. In his self-sufficiency he will be in distress: Zophar thought that the reason Job was in such agony and distress was because of his own self-sufficiency; this explained his great misery. i. There is nothing left for him to eat . . . God will cast him on the fury of His wrath: “When a wicked man’s belly is filled and there is nothing left for him to devour, God then vents his anger against him.” (Smick) b. He will flee from the iron weapon; a bronze bow will pierce him through: Zophar claimed that the wicked could not escape from their destiny of judgment. If they escaped the iron weapon, then a bronze bow was waiting for them. i. An unfanned fire: “To wit, by man, but kindled by God himself.” (Poole) c. It is drawn, and comes out of the body: Here Zophar saw the wicked man pierced by the arrows of God’s judgment. He took the complaint of Job of being pierced by God’s arrows (Job 6:4, 7:20) and turned it back upon Job, claiming that Job deserved this as a wicked man. i. Job’s friends did not seem to regard him as a wicked man when they first came to him (Job 2:11-13). One might say that Job virtually provoked this judgment from them, in that they simply tried to help Job see that he was a sinner who needed to repent, and when Job absolutely refused to agree with them, they came to regard him as a stubborn and wicked man. ii. Once they regarded him as this, they quickly hardened in their estimation of Job: “All cries and appeals on the part of Job are, in his friends, eyes, mere proofs that he refuses to read aright the universal law as revealed in the experience of life. . . . The images that they put before him grow darker and darker.” (Bradley) d. The heavens will reveal his iniquity, and the earth will rise up against him. The increase of his house will depart, and his goods will flow away in the day of His wrath: Zophar seems to describe Job’s losses, and he therefore made the clear connection that Job was the stubborn, wicked man who deserved this judgment from God. i. The phrase “and his goods will flow away” is revealing, showing that Zophar focused almost entirely on the material aspect of Job’s troubles, and virtually ignored the spiritual dynamic. “He sees the carrying off of ‘possessions’ (Job 20:28) as a judgment. The loss of fellowship with God, in this life or after it, does not strike him as a far worse fate. Yet it is precisely this loss that fills Job’s mind with horror, and this need that arouses his most desperate longings.” (Andersen) e. This is the portion from God for a wicked man, the heritage appointed to him by God: This was Zophar’s firm conclusion (he speaks no more in the Book of Job). He made the clear connection between the wrath that the wicked man reaps and Job’s own situation. i. “These closing words were in the nature of a summary of all he had been saying. The sufferings he had described were such as fell to the wicked, and that by Divine appointment. All this was true. But other things were true, of which he seemed to have no knowledge. . . . The narrowness of Zophar’s philosophy made him unjust to Job.” (Morgan) ii. Significantly, Zophar was mostly correct. It is true that there is a moral order to the universe and that wickedness in inherently unprofitable, and it is cursed and judged by God. Morgan rightly observed: “In a passage thrilling with passion, he described the instability of evil gains. There is triumph, but it is short. There is a mounting up, but it is succeeded by swift vanishing. There is a sense of youth, but it becomes dust. There is a sweetness, but it becomes remorse; a swallowing down which ends in vomiting; a getting without rejoicing.” Yet that true general principle did not apply to Job’s specific situation. iii. Zophar – as with the rest of Job’s friends – also left little room for grace. “It is worth pointing out, as a sign of the narrowness of Zopahr’s beliefs, that his speech contains no hint that the wicked might repent, make amends, and regain the favour of God. Zophar has no compassion and his god has no mercy.” (Andersen) Job 21 - Job Answers Zophar’s Discourse A. The problem of the prosperity of the wicked. 1. (1-3) Job’s opening plea. Then Job answered and said: “Listen carefully to my speech, And let this be your consolation. Bear with me that I may speak, And after I have spoken, keep mocking.” a. Listen carefully to my speech: Because of the way Job’s friends kept repeating themselves and their arguments to him, it was easy for Job to feel that they simply were not listening to him. i. Instead, Job wanted to prove that he had been listening to them. “In this closing speech of the second cycle, Job was determined to prove that he had listened to what his counselors had said. This he did by quoting or otherwise alluding to their words and refuting them. Compare 20:11 with 21:7, 18:19 with 21:8, 18:5 with 21:17, 5:4 and 20:10 with 21:19, and 20:4 with 21:29.” (Smick) b. After I have spoken, keep mocking: This indicates that Job’s hardness towards his friends has not lessened at all; nor has their hardness towards him. They speak with sharp and sarcastic words to each other. 2. (4-16) Considering the prosperity of the wicked. “As for me, is my complaint against man? And if it were, why should I not be impatient? Look at me and be astonished; Put your hand over your mouth. Even when I remember I am terrified, And trembling takes hold of my flesh. Why do the wicked live and become old, Yes, become mighty in power? Their descendants are established with them in their sight, And their offspring before their eyes. Their houses are safe from fear, Neither is the rod of God upon them. Their bull breeds without failure; Their cow calves without miscarriage. They send forth their little ones like a flock, And their children dance. They sing to the tambourine and harp, And rejoice to the sound of the flute. They spend their days in wealth, And in a moment go down to the grave. Yet they say to God, ‘Depart from us, For we do not desire the knowledge of Your ways. Who is the Almighty, that we should serve Him? And what profit do we have if we pray to Him?’ Indeed their prosperity is not in their hand; The counsel of the wicked is far from me.” a. Is my complaint against man? This demonstrates again that Job’s real point of crisis was his conflict with God, not with man (especially with his friends). His crisis was fundamentally spiritual in nature, much more than being a medical crisis, an economic crisis, a social crisis, or a family crisis. His struggle was against God, and he wondered were God was in the midst of this very dark time. b. Look at me and be astonished: Thus far Job’s friends looked at him and mostly accused and condemned him. He wanted them to take a step back (as it were) and be astonished at what had happened to this good and godly man. c. Why do the wicked live and become old: Job challenged the moral order of the universe as previously understood by Job’s friends. He challenged them to see that if it was possible for a wicked man to be seemingly blessed, then perhaps also a righteous man like Job could seem to be cursed. i. Zophar said that the wicked die prematurely (Job 20:4-11); Job insisted that instead the wicked live and become old. ii. “Of some creatures we use to say, that they have nine lives; of some wicked men it may be thought so, they do evil a hundred times, and yet their days are prolonged. Manasseh reigned longest of any king in Judah. Pope John XXII (that monster and mortalist) lived longest of any pope, and died richest. God gives wealth, health, and long life to many wicked.” (Trapp) d. Their descendants are established with them in their sight: In this and the following verses Job explains many of the blessings that seem to come to many of the wicked, even as they reject God (Yet they say to God, “Depart from us”). i. Bildad said that the wicked have no offspring or descendants to remember them (Job 18:19-21); Job countered that their descendants are established with them in their sight, and their offspring are before their eyes. ii. “We see, beneath the Eastern imagery, the picture of the prosperous and powerful family in all lands and ages, founded in violence, or by fraud and wrong. ‘They do not see their children die,’ says the childless parent. ‘They are stretched upon no rack of lingering pain,’ says the tortured leper.” (Bradley) iii. It is impossible to miss the contrast here. All the advantages that many of the wicked seemed to have, Job was deprived of. · Job is the man whose descendants were cursed and not established. · Job is the man whose house was subject to fear. · Job is the man with the rod of God upon him. · Job is the man whose livestock has perished. · Job is the man whose children no longer dance. iv. “Job was disturbed by the apparent injustice of it all. As noted the Book of Job does not deal with the matter of final future judgment that would set right the tables of justice. Such revelation will come later. Job, therefore, felt that immediate punishment for the wicked would be the only just procedure; but he found just the opposite in life.” (Smick) v. Depart from us: “This is the language of their conduct, though not directly of their lips. . . . Let us alone; we do not trouble thee. Thy ways are painful; we do not like cross-bearing. Thy ways are spiritual; we wish to live after the flesh. We have learned to do our own will; we do not wish to study thine.” (Clarke) B. The wisdom of God and the prosperity of the wicked. 1. (17-21) God allows the wicked to prosper, at least in his own day. “How often is the lamp of the wicked put out? How often does their destruction come upon them, The sorrows God distributes in His anger? They are like straw before the wind, And like chaff that a storm carries away. They say, ‘God lays up one's iniquity for his children’; Let Him recompense him, that he may know it. Let his eyes see his destruction, And let him drink of the wrath of the Almighty. For what does he care about his household after him, When the number of his months is cut in half?” a. How often is the lamp of the wicked put out? In Job’s rhetorical question, he would answer “Not often enough.” And it would do Job no satisfaction to hear that the judgment would instead come upon the wicked man’s descendants. i. “If punishment is delayed, the friends can fall back another step and say that the children will pay for their fathers’ sins (Job 5:4; 20:10). Job considers this to be monstrous, encouraging a further depravity: ‘We can sin; our children will pay!’” (Andersen) b. Let his eyes see his destruction: In thinking upon the seeming comfort of the wicked, Job almost despaired. He cried out to God bring destruction upon the wicked in his own day, and not in the time of his household after him. i. Job acknowledged that wickedness was never ultimately rewarded and was always punished in the end. The problem for Job was that it never seemed soon enough that wicked would drink of the wrath of the Almighty. Job suffered in the now, and many of the wicked did not. ii. Let him drink of the wrath: “The cup of God's wrath, the cup of trembling, etc., is frequently expressed or referred to in the sacred writings, Deuteronomy 32:33; Isaiah 51:17-22; Jeremiah 25:15; Revelation 14:8. It appears to be a metaphor taken from those cups of poison which certain criminals were obliged to drink.” (Clarke) 2. (22-26) God is all wise, yet the wicked sometimes prosper and the godly sometimes suffer. “Can anyone teach God knowledge, Since He judges those on high? One dies in his full strength, Being wholly at ease and secure; His pails are full of milk, And the marrow of his bones is moist. Another man dies in the bitterness of his soul, Never having eaten with pleasure. They lie down alike in the dust, And worms cover them.” a. Can anyone teach God knowledge: In the broader context, Job is indeed questioning the ways and wisdom of God in not bringing judgment sooner upon the wicked man. At the same time he sensed that this was wrong, so he corrected himself with his own rhetorical question on this point. i. “God is pleased to do wonderful contradictory things in man’s reason; so that we must needs confess an unsearchableness in his ways. . . . In this work of his, human reason is blinder than a mole.” (Trapp) ii. The King James Version translates Job 21:24 as, His breasts are full of milk. Upon this, Poole notes: “His breasts: the Hebrew word is not elsewhere use, and therefore it is diversely translated; either 1. Breasts. But that seems very improper here, because men’s breasts do to use to be filled with milk. Or, 2. Milk-pails. But their fullness is common, and no sign of eminent plenty, which is here designated.” b. One dies in his full strength . . . another man dies in the bitterness of his soul . . . they lie down alike in the dust: Job is clearly uncomfortable in questioning the ways and wisdom of God, yet at the same time it just seemed so unfair that the good and bad would seemingly have the same fate. i. “All these worldly differences are ended by death, and they lie in the grave without any distinction . . . So that no man can tell who is good, and who is bad, by any events which befall them in this life.” (Poole) ii. Job is agonizing over these questions, but he is actually agonizing in a good way. “God would rather have us complain that be indifferent toward him or to handle his truths arrogantly and so reduce them to dead maxims. Job’s anguish over not understanding what God was doing is proof that he was not indifferent or arrogant.” (Smick) 3. (27-34) Job challenges the empty words of his friends. “Look, I know your thoughts, And the schemes with which you would wrong me. For you say, ‘Where is the house of the prince? And where is the tent, The dwelling place of the wicked?’ Have you not asked those who travel the road? And do you not know their signs? For the wicked are reserved for the day of doom; They shall be brought out on the day of wrath. Who condemns his way to his face? And who repays him for what he has done? Yet he shall be brought to the grave, And a vigil kept over the tomb. The clods of the valley shall be sweet to him; Everyone shall follow him, As countless have gone before him. How then can you comfort me with empty words, Since falsehood remains in your answers?” a. Look, I know your thoughts: As Job dared to question God in this way, he could see the reaction on the faces of his three friends. They were appalled that he spoke against God and His justice so. i. Both Job and his friends didn’t understand God’s ways. Yet there were two significant differences between Job and his friends. First, his friends confidently claimed that they did understand, while Job admitted his perplexity. Second, for Job’s friends these were matters of theological and moral theory and interesting topics for discussion; for the severely suffering Job these were life-and-death questions. b. Where is the house of the prince? And where is the tent, the dwelling place of the wicked? Job put these words of objection into the mouths of his friends. They thought it was all so simple to analyze; one needed only to look at the house of the prince and the tent . . . of the wicked to see that righteousness was rewarded and wickedness was punished by God’s moral order. Yet Job has tried to show that the matter just isn’t that simple. i. “He was saying that it is impossible to derive a just law of retribution from what we observe in this present world.” (Smick) c. Have you not asked those who travel the road? . . . For the wicked are reserved for the day of doom: Job knew that the wicked faced an ultimate unpleasant destiny; he was more upset that it didn’t seem to happen fast enough. He believed this knowledge was so common that one could ask those who travel the road and get the correct answer. d. Who condemns his way to his face? The ultimate destiny for the wicked may be bad, but who will confront him now? Why does he get away with so much now? There may be an ultimate moral order to the universe, but why is it so slow in being accomplished? e. He shall be brought to the grave, and a vigil kept over his tomb . . . the clods of the valley shall be sweet to him: Job understood that the wicked would indeed die; but many of the wicked enjoy honorable funerals and even their death is a kind of sweetness to them. It all just didn’t seem fair. i. “Contrary to the description of the wicked in Job chapters 8 and 20, the ungodly man is often buried with the highest honors.” (Smick) f. How then can you comfort me with empty words: The complexity of Job’s situation was far beyond the ability of his friends to properly analyze. They had no comfort for him with their empty words and their false answers. i. “If in his friends’ arguments there was no comfort for him, it is equally true that in his answers he brought no conviction to them. All this is strangely suggestive. Men discussing human life are almost certain to blunder when they attempt to explain it.” (Morgan) ii. “THIS chapter may be called Job's triumph over the insinuated calumnies, and specious but false doctrines, of his opponents. The irritability of his temper no longer appears: from the time he got that glorious discovery of his Redeemer, and the joyous hope of an eternal inheritance, Job 19:25, etc., we find no more murmurings, nor unsanctified complainings. He is now full master of himself, and reasons conclusively, because he reasons coolly.” (Clarke) Job 22 - Eliphaz Speaks a Last Time This begins a third (and shortened) round of debate between Job and his three friends Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. Through these three rounds, “A certain movement can be detected. In the first cycle the friends are content to talk generalities, without venturing to apply their doctrine directly to Job. In the second round the main theme is the fate of the wicked and Job’s point of view comes into open contradiction with that of his friends. . . . Now it comes into the open and the breach between them is complete. Once this point is reached there can be no further dialogue, and the discussion grinds to a halt.” (Andersen) A. Eliphaz attacks Job’s character. 1. (1-3) Eliphaz asks: “What good are you to God?” Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said: “Can a man be profitable to God, Though he who is wise may be profitable to himself? Is it any pleasure to the Almighty that you are righteous? Or is it gain to Him that you make your ways blameless?” a. Can a man be profitable to God, though he who is wise may be profitable to himself? Eliphaz heard all of Job’s anguished outpourings to God, and seemed to think that Job simply thought too highly of himself. He wondered why Job thought he was so special, so profitable to God and why he thought God owed him so much. i. “It is the now familiar unbalanced stress on divine transcendence: the concept that man is nothing in God’s eyes, even his virtue is useless. God does not need man; it is man who needs God. Since everything has its origin in god, man’s giving it back – even in service – does not enhance God in any way.” (Smick) ii. “Is he not simply arguing the case for the self-sufficiency of God? God needs nothing; God lacks nothing. Since God is already absolutely perfect, He did not create man out of any personal deficiency or compulsion, and therefore man cannot give anything to God. This is standard orthodox doctrine.” (Mason) b. Is it any pleasure to the Almighty that you are righteous? Eliphaz thought Job was arrogant, and believed himself to be a special favorite to God because (he thought that) he was so righteous. He wanted Job to consider that God needed nothing from him, and Job added nothing to God. i. In one aspect Eliphaz certainly had correct theology; God does not “need” Job in the way Job needed God. Nevertheless Eliphaz’s application of this principle was wrong in this context, because it was indeed a pleasure to the Almighty that Job was righteous (as seen in Job 1-2). According to those first two chapters, it was indeed a gain to Him that Job made his ways blameless. ii. Earlier (as recorded in Job 11), Zophar objected to Job’s complaint on what one might today call the grounds of Calvinistic or Reformed theology. Here, Eliphaz took up an argument upon similar lines. It was as if he said, “Job, God is sovereign and self-existent. He needs nothing of you and owes you absolutely nothing. God takes no pleasure in your imperfect righteousness and it is no gain to Him that you are considered blameless.” Though there is certainly some merit in this theology, it does not apply to every context and it did not apply to Job in his context. 2. (4-11) Eliphaz describes Job’s great wickedness. “Is it because of your fear of Him that He corrects you, And enters into judgment with you? Is not your wickedness great, And your iniquity without end? For you have taken pledges from your brother for no reason, And stripped the naked of their clothing. You have not given the weary water to drink, And you have withheld bread from the hungry. But the mighty man possessed the land, And the honorable man dwelt in it. You have sent widows away empty, And the strength of the fatherless was crushed. Therefore snares are all around you, And sudden fear troubles you, Or darkness so that you cannot see; And an abundance of water covers you.” a. Is it because of your fear of Him that He corrects you: Eliphaz pressed the point home to Job. Surely, the catastrophe that came upon Job (which Eliphaz lightly called “correction”), did not come because Job feared God; it came because Job’s wickedness was great and his iniquity was without end. i. “He no longer believed that Job was basically a God-fearing man. Job’s troubles were God’s rebuke. That they were great testified to the extent of his sin. So Eliphaz felt free, perhaps obligated, to expound on the possible nature of those sins.” (Smick) ii. What Eliphaz did not, and seemingly could not consider, was that Job’s crisis had nothing to do with correction; it had nothing to do with the Almighty entering into judgment with Job. Because he could not see the heavenly drama that took place in Job chapters 1 and 2, Eliphaz simply could not conceive of other reasons. b. For you have taken pledges from your brother for no reason, and stripped the naked of their clothing: This begins a remarkable list of groundless accusations against Job. He accused Job mainly of greed and cruelty for the sake of riches. None of this was true but Eliphaz assumed it was because Job was once rich and was now beset by such tragedy. The only evidence he could offer was Job’s condition and he could not think of another possible explanation for Job’s crisis. i. “They were the most dastardly sins possible to a man of wealth and position: those of the spoliation of the poor, neglect of the starving, the oppression of the helpless.” (Morgan) ii. The mighty man: Literally, “the man of arm. Finger, hand, and arm, are all emblems of strength and power. The man of arm is not only the strong man, but the man of power and influence, the man of rapine and plunder.” (Clarke) c. Therefore snares are all around you, and sudden fear troubles you: Eliphaz again stated this simple formula that dominated the analysis of Job’s friends. B. Eliphaz attacks Job’s theology. 1. (12-20) A contrast between the wicked and the righteous. “Is not God in the height of heaven? And see the highest stars, how lofty they are! And you say, ‘What does God know? Can He judge through the deep darkness? Thick clouds cover Him, so that He cannot see, And He walks above the circle of heaven.’ Will you keep to the old way Which wicked men have trod, Who were cut down before their time, Whose foundations were swept away by a flood? They said to God, ‘Depart from us! What can the Almighty do to them?’ Yet He filled their houses with good things; But the counsel of the wicked is far from me.” “The righteous see it and are glad, And the innocent laugh at them: ‘Surely our adversaries are cut down, And the fire consumes their remnant.’” a. Is not God in the height of heaven? Here Eliphaz instructed Job in the basics of theology. He thought that because Job would not admit his error, he must be fundamentally wrong in his understanding of God. So he begins with the basic idea of the might, majesty, and sovereignty of God. b. Will you keep to the old way which wicked men have trod: Eliphaz warned Job to not harden his heart and mind as those did who were swept away by a flood. This is possibly an obscure reference to the flood in Noah’s time, and Eliphaz warned Job to not follow in the wickedness of those antedelluvian people. i. “Sarcastically, he asks Job if he plans to continue going in the wrong direction – along the path of the wicked. He says this same path that Job is now traveling led to the drowning of an entire generation in Noah’s day ‘by a river,’ a reference to the Flood.” (Lawson) ii. John Trapp suggested another idea: “This some understand of that river of brimstone and fire poured from heaven upon Sodom and her sisters; but better take it of those in Noah’s days.” iii. “The oft-used images of darkness and flood of water are also applied to Job, for these are the best examples of God’s judgment, even though they do not match the events of chapters 1 and 2.” (Andersen) c. The righteous see it and are glad: In contrast to the previously mentioned wicked men, the righteous are happy for the judgments of God. This was another way for Eliphaz to say that Job was wicked and not righteous, because he did not rejoice in the judgments of God. 2. (21-30) Eliphaz counsels Job to make himself right with God. “Now acquaint yourself with Him, and be at peace; Thereby good will come to you. Receive, please, instruction from His mouth, And lay up His words in your heart. If you return to the Almighty, you will be built up; You will remove iniquity far from your tents. Then you will lay your gold in the dust, And the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks. Yes, the Almighty will be your gold And your precious silver; For then you will have your delight in the Almighty, And lift up your face to God. You will make your prayer to Him, He will hear you, And you will pay your vows. You will also declare a thing, And it will be established for you; So light will shine on your ways. When they cast you down, and you say, ‘Exaltation will come!’ Then He will save the humble person. He will even deliver one who is not innocent; Yes, he will be delivered by the purity of your hands.” a. Now acquaint yourself with Him, and be at peace; thereby good will come to you: This was great advice for Job, assuming that the problem was sin in Job’s life. Yet we know (on the basis of Job 1-2) that this assumption was wrong, and therefore the advice was wrong. i. “These words introduce a most exquisite picture of the blessings consequent on return to God. They do not fit the case of Job, to whom they were addressed, because he had not left God; and they sound strange coming from the mouth of Eliphaz. Still they are full of sublime truth.” (Meyer) ii. We can say that Eliphaz was right about the need of man to acquaint himself with God. “What a man needs in order to be blessed himself, and to be a blessing to others, is knowledge of God. . . . In Him there shall be delight: with Him communion: and through Him triumph. Moreover the result will be ability to deliver others.” (Morgan) b. For then you will have your delight in the Almighty: Eliphaz assumed much because Job was agonizing with God instead of finding delight in Him. Job’s agony with God was a real, though temporary phenomenon. i. “To the Almighty; or, home to the Almighty; or, so as to reach the Almighty and be joined to him. The Hebrew phrase is extraordinary, and emphatical, and implies a thorough and effectual turning not only from sin . . . but also unto God, so as to love him, and cleave to him.” (Poole) ii. And lift up your face to God: In a sermon titled Delight in the Almighty, Charles Spurgeon explained what this means. · It means to have joy in God. “When a man hangs his head down he is unhappy: it is the attitude of misery; but oh, when our thoughts of God are changed, and our relationship to God is different, we lift up our faces and sun our countenances in the light of God’s favor.” · It means to have guilt put away. “Guilt makes a man hang his head. “Conscience doth make cowards of us all”; but oh, my brothers, when the atoning sacrifice has come with all its power to us, when we are washed in the blood of the Lamb, and we are clean every whit, then we lift up our face unto God.” · It means to be free from fear. “Fear covers her face, and would fain hide herself altogether, even though to accomplish concealment the rocks must fall upon her.” · It means to have expectation. “Oh, to lift one’s face toward God, looking for deliverance, safety, and rest, and expecting both grace and glory from his right hand!” c. So light will shine on your ways . . . He will save the humble person: For Eliphaz and his friends, the equation was rather simple. All Job needed to do was to confess the deep and great sins that had brought this calamity on to his life, and then receive God’s restoration. i. “It is a tribute to his own spirituality that, whereas in Job 5:17-26 he had emphasized the material advantages of religion, here intimacy with God and success in prayer are of chief importance. While it is hurtful to remember that Job has already made these his supreme values, the irony will be felt at the end when Eliphaz will be the chief beneficiary of Job’s power as an intercessor (Job 42:8).” (Andersen) ii. “Great and wonderful words are these. Had Eliphaz applied them to himself he would have found that his own imperfect acquaintance with God was the reason why he was not able to bring any real comfort to his suffering friend.” (Morgan) iii. “THUS ends Eliphaz the Temanite, who began with a tissue of the bitterest charges, continued with the most cruel insinuations, and ended with common-place exhortations to repentance, and promises of secular blessings in consequence.” (Clarke) Job 23 – Job’s Desire to Appear Before God A. Job longs to take his case to God. 1. (1-7) Job’s bitter complaint and his inability to connect with God. Then Job answered and said: “Even today my complaint is bitter; My hand is listless because of my groaning. Oh, that I knew where I might find Him, That I might come to His seat! I would present my case before Him, And fill my mouth with arguments. I would know the words which He would answer me, And understand what He would say to me. Would He contend with me in His great power? No! But He would take note of me. There the upright could reason with Him, And I would be delivered forever from my Judge.” a. Even today my complaint is bitter: At the close of Eliphaz’s speech, Job continued to feel desperate. The wisdom and counsel of Eliphaz and others was of no relief to him, and just made his mental and spiritual agony worse. b. Oh, that I knew where I might find Him: Job felt separated from God. Surely, this was not the first crisis in his life (though of course it was far beyond any previous suffering). He had found comfort and solace in God in prior times, but in this catastrophe he felt he could not find God. i. In a way almost infinitely less, yet nevertheless real, Job experienced what Jesus experienced on the cross: A man who had previously been in the fellowship and favor of God now felt utterly forsaken. This was the greatest source of torment in Job’s life. ii. This not only tells us of Job’s sense of the loss of the presence of God, but of his longing to have it back. “Good men are washed towards God even by the rough waves of their grief; and when their sorrows are deepest, their highest desire is not to escape from them, but to get at their God.” (Spurgeon) iii. “In Job’s uttermost extremity he cried after the Lord. The longing desire of an afflicted child of God is once more to see his Father’s face. His first prayer is not, ‘Oh that I might be healed of the disease which now festers in every part of my body!’ nor even, ‘Oh that I might see my children restored from the jaws of the grave, and my property once more brought from the hand of the spoiler!’ but the first and uppermost cry is, ‘Oh that I knew where I might find HIM — who is my God! that I might come even to his seat!’” (Spurgeon) c. I would present my case before Him: Job did not only want the sense of the presence of God for the sake of spiritual comfort; he also wanted it so he might be vindicated in the court of God, especially in the face of the accusations of his friends. i. “So impatient is Job for the process to begin that he dares to arraign the Lord in court. In effect, he wants to sue God for defamation of character!” (Mason) ii. “Here Job’s courageous honesty is seen at its best. His consuming desire is to come face to face with God, not by a contrived penance, as Eliphaz recommends, but in fair trial.” (Andersen) d. I would know the words which He would answer me . . . I would be delivered forever from my Judge: Job’s conscience assured him that he would find mercy and favor at the throne of God. His friends insisted that God was against Job in his sufferings, but Job stubbornly clung to his innocence. i. “He has confidence in the Lord that, if he could have an audience with him, God would not use his power against him; but, on the contrary, would strengthen him in order that he might state his case.” (Spurgeon) 2. (8-9) Job confesses his lack of understanding and need of divine revelation. “Look, I go forward, but He is not there, And backward, but I cannot perceive Him; When He works on the left hand, I cannot behold Him; When He turns to the right hand, I cannot see Him. a. I go forward . . . backward . . . left hand . . . right hand: Job insisted that he had sought God in the midst of his crisis. He looked in every direction he could. i. “This is one of the marks of a true child of God, - that, even when God smites him, he still longs for his presence.” (Spurgeon) ii. “An old Puritan writer quaintly observed, in commenting on this, ‘Job, you have gone forward and backward, and you have looked to the left and you have looked to the right. Why don’t you try looking up?’” (Morgan) iii. “These two verses paint in vivid colours the distress and anxiety of a soul in search of the favour of God. No means are left untried, no place unexplored, in order to find the object of his research. This is a true description of the conduct of a genuine penitent.” (Clarke) b. But He is not there . . . I cannot perceive Him: No matter how sincerely and how diligently Job looked, he could not find God. God remained hidden through a barrier that was impossible to pierce. B. Job’s confidence in the midst of despair. 1. (10-12) Job’s confidence in God and in his own integrity. But He knows the way that I take; When He has tested me, I shall come forth as gold. My foot has held fast to His steps; I have kept His way and not turned aside. I have not departed from the commandment of His lips; I have treasured the words of His mouth More than my necessary food.” a. He knows the way that I take; when He has tested me, I shall come forth as gold: Here is another bright flash of faith upon a generally black background. Job admitted that he could not get through to God, yet clung to the confidence that God was still over this crisis. i. With wonderful faith, Job seemed at this fleeting instant to understand what he could and should in his present crisis. He understood that: · God still observed Job carefully and had not forgotten him (He knows the way that I take). · God had a purpose in the crisis, and the purpose was not to punish Job (when He has tested me) · God would one day bring the trial to an end (I shall come forth) · God would bring something good would from it all (I shall come forth as gold) · God still valued Job; only precous metal is put through the fire (as gold) ii. “Suddenly, in the midst of this bitter complaining, there flamed out a most remarkable evidence of the tenacity of his faith. He declared with conviction that God knew the way he was taking. He even affirmed his confidence that it was God Who was trying him, and that presently he would come forth from the process as gold.” (Morgan) iii. “It looks very hard to believe that a child of God should be tried by the loss of his Father’s presence, and yet should come forth uninjured by the trial. Yet no gold is ever injured in the fire. Stoke the furnace as much as you may, let the blast be as strong as you will, thrust the ingot into the very center of the white heat, let it lie in the very heart of the flame; pile on more fuel, let another blast torment the coals till they become most vehement with heat, yet the gold is losing nothing, it may even be gaining.” (Spurgeon) iv. “Now he accepts the testing, because he knows: I shall come forth as gold. This image, drawn from metallurgy, does not necessarily imply purification. It could mean simply that the test proves that Job had been pure gold all along.” (Andersen) v. “I shall ask four questions of every man within reach of my voice. God knoweth the way that you take. I will ask you first: Do you know your own way? Secondly: Is it a comfort to you that God knows your way? Thirdly: Are you tried in the way? And, if so, fourthly: Have you confidence in God as to the result of that trial? Can you say with Job, ‘When he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold’?” (Spurgeon) b. My foot has held fast to His steps: This was a dramatic defense of his integrity before his accusing friends. Job declared that he still followed God (I have kept His way) and loved His word (I have treasured the words of His mouth). i. “God spoke to Job. Did God ever speak to you? I do not suppose Job had a single page of inspired writing. Probably he had not - even seen the first books of Moses; he may have done so, but probably he had not. God spoke to him. Did he ever speak to you? No man will ever serve God aright unless God has spoken to him.” (Spurgeon) ii. “Then note, that what God had spoken to him he treasured up. He says in the Hebrew that he had hid God’s word more than ever he had hidden his necessary food. They had to hide grain away in those days to guard it from wandering Arabs. Job had been more careful to store up God’s word than to store up his wheat and his barley; more anxious to preserve the memory of what God had spoken than to garner his harvests. Do you treasure up what God has spoken?” (Spurgeon) 2. (13-17) Job wonders at God’s power and sovereignty. “But He is unique, and who can make Him change? And whatever His soul desires, that He does. For He performs what is appointed for me, And many such things are with Him. Therefore I am terrified at His presence; When I consider this, I am afraid of Him. For God made my heart weak, And the Almighty terrifies me; Because I was not cut off from the presence of darkness, And He did not hide deep darkness from my face.” a. But He is unique, and who can make Him change? Job here argued back with himself against his previous great declaration of faith. He understood though he did deeply and sincerely trust in God, at the same time he could not make God do anything. i. “Verse 13 is a monotheistic affirmation. Job said, ‘He (God) is the unique (one).’ The Hebrew expression is rare in the OT but idiomatic.” (Smick) ii. The older King James Version translates who can make Him change as who can turn Him? “But oh! The text itself is music to my ears. It seems to sound like the martial trumpet of the battle, and my soul is ready for the fray. It seems now that if trials and troubles should come, if I could but hold my hand upon this precious text, I would laugh at them all. ‘Who can turn him?’ — I would shout — ‘Who can turn him?’ Come on, earth and hell, come on, for ‘who can turn him?’” (Spurgeon) b. He performs what is appointed for me, and many such things are with Him: Job had to admit that God would do as He pleased in Job’s life and would not be held hostage to Job’s demands. He understood that the reasons and wisdom of God’s work are ultimately with Him and not know to Job or others (such as Job’s friends). i. Job here seemed to come closer and closer to the place God wanted him to be in his crisis. He comes closer and closer to realizing that God can be trusted, that God does in fact love and care for him; but at the same time He is sovereign and at least some of His ways are beyond our knowing. c. Therefore I was terrified at His presence . . . God has made my heart weak: Knowing what he could not know about God made Job appreciate the distance between himself and God. It made him feel a good and righteous awe of God, though it felt like deep darkness because it was little comfort to him in his crisis. i. “Job’s strongest assertions of faith seem always to be coupled with equally strong assertions of fear and pain. In this chapter his confidence in his own righteousness is more unassailable than ever, yet at the same time ‘thick darkness covers’ his face and he is filled with dread. Somehow Job’s faith is elastic enough to embrace simultaneously both terror and confidence.” (Mason)

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8. Superheroes

  • Published: 2013-11-08T17:03:59Z
  • By lquang

Real-life Vigilantes Come to the Rescue Ted Landphair, December 30, 2011 You've probably heard of "superheroes" - crime fighters possessed of incredible powers, their identities masked behind colorful costumes. Justice-seekers such as Superman, Batman and the Green Hornet. They're make-believe vigilantes - private citizens avenging evil deeds and subduing violent criminals. In theaters, we cheer vigilantes such as Merry Olde England's legendary Robin Hood. And Paul Kersey, played by actor Charles Bronson, who walked the streets, avenging the murder of his wife and the attack on his daughter in five "Death Wish" movies. Many Americans applauded the real-life "Subway Vigilante," Bernhard Goetz, who, in 1984, shot four men who assaulted him on a New York City subway train. These days, all over the country, masked vigilantes are leaping out of the shadows to rescue potential victims of violent crime. The HBO cable-television documentary "Superheroes" followed 50 real-life crime fighters - including otherwise mild-mannered plumbers, teachers, and cashiers - who used weapons such as batons and stun guns to accost real and perceived lawbreakers. One of latest citizen vigilantes is a 23-year-old Seattle man, Benjamin Fodor, who - wearing a black mask and matching full-body outfit and conveniently followed by a videographer - confronted a man who was menacing another person. "Phoenix Jones," as Fodor called his superhero persona, doused the aggressor with pepper spray - but later also sprayed some rowdy partygoers and was arrested for assault. Indeed, law-enforcement agencies take a dim view of vigilantes. Few of them have combat or weapons training, the police say. The avengers sometimes assault innocent people. And they've been known to go overboard with their righteous zeal, beating citizens for littering or damaging cars whose drivers are thought to be speeding through school zones. "If you want to dress up and walk around, knock yourself out," said Seattle police spokesman Mark Jamieson. "But inserting yourself into dangerous situations without knowing the facts is just not a smart thing to do."

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9. SEPARATED "FAMILIES" (Jun 17) All of a Sudden the Left Cares


VIDEO: Sunday, Jun 17: James takes your calls on illegal alien "families" being separated at the border. It's a great deterrent, and I'm glad the news is emotionalizing it, so maybe illegals won't come. I also hope Democrats continue not cooperating, so we can keep this policy. It would be nice, as Jesse suggested, to deport the lawyers and others supporting lawbreaking — I'd like to see the ACLU and SPLC gone too. BTW: Jesse released another "thankful for slavery" video, and it's getting some interesting comments. Last but not least it's FATHER'S DAY! We had our 9th annual Men's Conference at BOND last night. James gets calls from a black man from Tuscaloosa, AL, talking about black people not appreciating what they have, Beyonce and Jay-Z being evil and pretending blacks were kings back in Africa. A white guy from Kentucky talks about the insanity too, as well as Ray from Champaign, IL. Charles from Compton calls in again, and I'm not sure what point he was making but he didn't seem to get that black-on-black crime is truly wildly out-of-proportion — he thinks everything's getting better by itself, and that it's only Mexican gangs targeting blacks. James has to rush him to end the show, as they went over time. Call-in: 888-775-3773. Live Sunday 9am PT (11CT/12ET). Silent Prayer and Church, found on

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10. TV Guidance Counselor Episode 80: Greg Proops

TV Guidance Counselor Episode 80: Greg Proops

February 15-21, 1969 (sort of) This week Ken welcomes comedian, actor, author and smartest man in the world Greg Proops to the show. Ken and Greg discuss Fantasy on Television, The Avengers, The Adams Family, The Wild Wild West, Kids television, exactly when England got black people, The Black and White Minstrel Show, Star Trek, The psychedelic 60s, San Francisco, Star Trek, Dad movies, War, Zulu, speaking German, learning that sometimes there are no good guys, Chuck Connors, Branded, breaking a sword over your knee, The Prisoner: the original mindfuck, James Bond, questioning your government, Who's Line is it Anyway?, Punk, The Double Deckers, dystopia, the song that goes with every neighborhood in London, The 60s dream of peace love and nonviolence, Night Flight, the golden age of FM radio, KSAN, The UK vs US Top 40, The Intruder, Charles Beaumont, The Twilight Zone, realizing the rest of the United States is terrifying and different, buying into the media lie, hatred of memes, having the sum total of human knowledge in your pocket, the DIY ethos of punk reflected in podcasts, The Outer Limits, learning a moral compass from television, Davey and Goliath, The Banana Splits, Rankin Bass, bad people as main characters, the best of times the worst of times, local television, when cameramen all became robots, Vietnam: the first TV war, the horrors of combat footage, real reporters, why Dick Chaney is the world's most evil heartless cyborg, never believing what you hear, why there is no news anymore, conspiracy theories, when Hidden Camera Prank shows became reporting, throwing your hat at the white flag, Hilary Clinton, why there is no truth or final word anymore, conservatives re-branding as the Party party, Laugh In, The Smothers Brothers, the legacy of Nixon, Pepsi vs. Coke, when everyone smokes, the sleaze of Maxim magazine, Family Ties, Full House as history's greatest representation of San Francisco, Occupy vs. real criminals, Good Day LA, Romney's evil bowels, why celebrities are not allowed to have opinions, Iran Contra, Ronald Reagan's journey from joke to Jesus, The Dead Kennedys, Midnight Caller, Greg's essaying the role of Cab Drive, Gary Cole, Nash Bridges, Vigilante Talk Radio DJs, American Gothic, Jim Thompson, The Killer Inside Me, Sam Fuller, The Model Cafe, The Brady Bunch Movie, "I don't if you remember me...", Charlton Heston, The Omega Man, Planet of the Apes, Soylent Green, I Am Legend, Richard Matheson, Zombie movies, why the current love of zombies gets it totally wrong, Return of the Living Dead, millennials' obsession with magic and monsters, the rules driven horror trend, Forbidden Planet, The Tempest, Star Wars turning sci-fi into a genre for everyone, Minority Report, Phillip K. Dick, Hollywood's abandonment of character studies, comic book movies, Pacific Rim, Ultraman, Ken's dislike of Quentin Tarantino, The Skin Game, Jackie Brown, living in a Sci-Fi story, advertising ruining everything, 1984, Orwell, Greg's book, navel officers writing sci-fi, Robert Heinlein, "Room 101", Paul Merton, CCTV Cameras in London, Big Brother's journey from terrifying idea to hot tub sex, the evils of technology, the dehumanization of Uber, the cost of convenience, mini cabs, "The Knowledge", Africa, never having been to the center of London, Billy Ocean, navigating without technology, pop culture advocates, Record Store clerks, teenage girls loving AM pop, Greg's wife's impeccable music taste, The Underground, Russ Meyer, Faster Pussycat Kill Kill, The Strand in San Francisco, The Stuff, communal experience, Mike Meyer's Tarantino-ing Beyond the Valley of the Dolls and Our Man Flint, money men financing the creative while being the enemy of art, Big Talent Agencies missing the point, The Army Show, The Jamie Foxx Show, fruit bags, schlub comedians, Louis CK, getting out of the way of good art, the fraternity of comedians, pulp fiction vs Pulp Fiction, learning your craft, and panning for the Golden Age.

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11. Megamix #6: Women

Megamix #6: Women

Megamix #6: Women 78 songs in 60 minutes. All songs with "woman" in the title. Tracklist; 1. (You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman by Carole King 2. Ode To Modern Woman by DJ Mayonnaise 3. L.A. Woman by The Doors 4. Dale's Theme (from Witchy Woman) by Deep Note 5. Two Women by Dam Mantle 6. My Woman by Bing Crosby 7. Man Smart, Woman Smarter by King Radio 8. Me & My Woman by Shuggie Otis 9. No Woman, No Cry by Bob Marley 10. See Line Woman (MAW Remix) by Nina Simone 11. Love of a Woman (ft. Darondo) by Clutchy Hopkins 12. Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon by Neil Diamond 13. Lonely Woman by Horace Silver 14. Lonely Woman by Ornette Coleman 15. Good Black Woman by Kool Keith 16. A Woman Needs Love by Raydio 17. Long, Cool Woman in a Black Dress by The Hollies 18. American Woman by The Guess Who 19. American Women by Butthole Surfers 20. Pretty Woman by Duke Ellington 21. Woman Love Dub by King Tubby 22. Devil Got My Woman by Skip James 23. Evil Woman! by Depakote 24. Black Magic Woman (Live at Fillmore West) by Santana 25. Sweet Talkin' Woman by E.L.O. 26. Woman by Level 42 27. When a Man Loves a Woman by Percy Sledge 28. Woman a Come by Marguerita 29. Between Man & Woman by Prefuse 73 30. Clean Up Woman by Betty Wright 31. In Love With a Woman by Serengeti 32. Revolutionary Woman of the Windmill (3 Ways: 1. Low Profile Mix, 2. Parte Segundo, 3. Nitin Sawhney Mix)) by Up, Bustle & Out 33. The Pursuit of the Woman With the Feathered Hat by Weather Report 34. The Sniper Was a Woman (The Living Daylights OST) by John Barry 35. Black Woman by Jungle Brothers 36. The Awakening of a Woman (Burnout) by The Cinematic Orchestra 37. Warm Beer & Cold Women by Tom Waits 38. Woman is a Wonder by Frankie Beverly & Maze 39. Wonder Woman Theme by Charles Fox 40. Every Man Has a Woman Who Loves Him by John Lennon & Yoko Ono 41. Big Women by G.B.H. 42. I'm a One-Woman Man by Johnny Horton 43. A Whole Lotta Woman by Sam Cooke 44. Nowadays a Woman's Gotta Hit a Man by Captain Beefheart 45. A Real Woman by Squarepusher 46. Big Fat Woman by Leadbelly 47. I'm Every Woman by Chaka Kahn 48. Pretty Woman by Al Green 49. The Woman in Skin 13 by The Swiv-O-Matics 50. In Sara, Mencken, Christ and Beethoven There Were Men and Women (Part Two) by Robert Ashley & Paul DeMarinis 51. In Sarah, Menchen, Christ and Beethoven There Were Women and Men by Tortoise 52. I Was a Teenage Cave Woman by The 5,6,7,8's 53. Magazine Woman by Gary Walker & The Rain 54. Money in the Form of a Woman by 2Mex & LifeRexall are Smartyr 55. Uma Mulher (A Woman) by Azymuth 56. More Than a Woman by The Bee Gees 57. The Sensual Woman by The Herbaliser 58. Woman's World by Ron Aspery 59. Liberated Woman by Geezer Lake 60. Latin Woman by Malo 61. Kindhearted Woman Blues by Robert Johnson 62. Good Hearted Woman by Willie Nelson 63. Boogie on Reggae Woman by Stevie Wonder 64. Women of Ireland by Bob James 65. Women Loving Women (ft. Awol One) by Josh Martinez 66. Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got) by Four Tops 67. First Woman by Crass 68. Where There's Woman by Al Lover 69. Women & Beer by Drunken Arseholes 70. Masculine Women & Feminine Men by Harry Reser & his Six Jumping Jacks 71. Just Like a Woman by Bob Dylan 72. I Got a Woman (Sweet Woman) by Howlin' Wolf 73. No Wine, No Women by Mr. Google Eyes 74. Ain't No Woman Gonna Make A George Jones Outta Me by Daniel Johnston 75. Hard Headed Woman by Cat Stevens 76. a) To The Women In My Life b) Le Lis by Billy Cobham

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RUKAS 9TH ALBUM “FUTURESCAPE” ALBUM REVIEW BY SUNKEN SOUNDS (CHARLY DARK) "As soon as I press play on track one of Rukas's 9th album FUTURESCAPE I can tell from the intro that I am about to taken on a dark journey into the mind of Rukas laced with quotes from Alex Jones this is real life mood music with a message. The intro track “ILLUMINATUS” - Rukas Ft Trippie Hippie & K Chambers - Prod Anno Domini Scarebeatz - is a good build up beat covered in sick vocals from Rukas backed by Trippie Hippie and K Chambers all 3 of them blend well for the final verse an explosive introduction. Track 2 THE TOTALITARIANS! - Prod Scarebeatz - A very informative track which Rukas destroys with ease building up the tone. Track 3 THE COMMITTEE - Rukas - Prod Adamack - sucked me in from the beginning and managed to put me in some kind of hypnotised state while watching my windows media player screen Rukas could start a revolution with the this track if he played it in a highly populated area. A definitive festival/arena anthem. Track 4 THE TIN MAN - Rukas Ft Matt - Prod Crux Teneabrae - is wicked word play in motion with another epic hook rammed with humour and poisonous delivery absolutely epic Beatles style hip hop music Track 5 USELESS EATERS - Rukas - Prod 2DEEP - feels like Rukas giving a lyrical lesson a history lesson and a public service announcement about the dangers of the government agenda and is a perfect track to lead into Track 6 Don't Make Us Die - Rukas Ft Dekay & Matt - Prod Adamack - this one is a chilled out every track full of murderous melody’s. Track 7 entitled Get'em While They're Young - Prod 2Deep - sounds like the sort of music that a crazy cult would listen to in the woods Rukas delivers some dark mind warping ten paces shoot out music with this beat. By Track 8 DON’T MAKE ME GO BACK, MUMMY! - Ft Dekay - Prod Crux Teneabrae - I realise I’m right this really is crazy cult in the woods hip hop Rukas sounds like an evil warlock creating an alternative Disney sing along soundtrack theme. Rukas entertains his followers while informing people of disgusting daily horrors. Dekay skips across the beat sounding like some sort of evil spirit hunting down the targets of their lyrically sarcastic eye opener filled with disturbing content Track 9 KEEP THE MASSES DUMB - Ft Love Equals Omnipotence - Prod Dansonn - brings the masses attention back to what I think the whole point of FUTURESCAPE is a wakeup call Track 10 NOTHING TO THEM - Rukas Ft Matt - Prod Slantize - sounds like a spell spoken in the lyrical language of the wind or something when I listened to this Rukas painted lyrical pictures in my mind over music notes. Track 11 THE CULLING - Ft K Chambers & Hybrid The Rapper - Prod Crux Teneabrae - Rukas sounds like he’s running lyrically as he rushes into this beat and slices it into pieces so much so that when Alex jones started speaking for the hook my brain told him to shut up but luckily it’s not long before Rukas is back slower flow this time Rukas writes the perfect theme song for a real life purge TV show. K chambers is brutal with the bars as always hybrid the rapper smashes it as well all 3 work well together a really good track Track 12 THE TYRANTS PERFECT DREAM - Rukas Ft Al Stewart - Prod Hala X - Alex jones takes the stage with explosive humour the curtains go up on some sort of scary hip - hop musical that drops into a classical spooky ghost train rollercoaster into the weirdest parts of Rukas’s mind Track 13 THE TYRANT’S FLAWED NIGHTMARE Ft Chogaia - Prod Scarebeatz - an epic intro with a head bopping hook followed by an enchanting yet viciously perfect verse from Chogaia this whole track is a perfect balance on informative yet creative wordplay and mind haunting melodies Track 14 THE SOLUTION - Ft Uncle Bungle - Prod Crux Teneabrae - a dark underground banger to boot you out the door and send you on your way somewhere stuck in a state of lyrical amazement from the journey you’ve been on and creped out near overly informed to the point of barricading your doors. Then uncle bungle drops and you wanna run out side with a chair leg and bash people to death for using zebra crossings. FUTURESCAPE shows you a dark future we might be heading in and left me feeling pumped for revolution to sum this album up it’s like an anti - authoritarian being John Malkovich where you step inside the mind of Rukas for the 9th time and experience being john Brannan, in a world full of secret society’s and agendas this album is a real life murder mystery musical." FAVOURITE TRACKS; 03. The Committee - Rukas - Prod Adamack 04. The Tin Man - Rukas Ft Matt - Prod Crux Teneabrae 10. Nothing To Them - Rukas Ft Matt - Prod Slantize 11. The Culling - Ft K Chambers & Hybrid The Rapper - Prod Crux Teneabrae 13. The Tyrant’s Flawed Nightmare ft Chogaia - Prod Scarebeatz 14.The Solution - Ft Uncle Bungle - Prod Crux Teneabrae SUNKEN SOUNDS TWITTER ; @SunkenSounds Youtube ; Sunken Sounds Promotions Reverbnation ; Sunken Sounds Soundcloud ; Sunken Sounds Underground Facebook ; Sunken Sounds Mixtapes RUKAS SPEAKS; "As you know I'm anti-Illuminati, but I know a lotta people have a viewpoint that Illuminati are not the "Devil worshipping rulers that lead the unwashed masses" as conspiracy theorists rant on about all day, but rather “seekers of truth and hidden knowledge “. I do not oppose that particular sect, as I feel they are confused dabblers in occult, led astray by mainstream media. I do however feel and pray for them, as the crooked shiny looking path they are on could possibly lead them to a fiery end, if you believe your old Testament bible teachings that is. The Bible itself confuses me (As it was supposed to when the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, and a shady group of men in the 4th century intended when they edited the Bible and voted on it THEN being the written word of God) The Illuminati that I DO speak against are the Bavarian organization ‘supposedly’ created by Adam Weishaupt (this is public knowledge) but I happen to believe a hidden alien agenda has been in operation for thousands of years on Earth, And though I do not discount the probability of Aliens of a benign nature...I also am starting to suspect that some of these supposed ‘Aliens’ are in fact demonic, and are subtly trying to turn man from God so when they do eventually reveal themselves (with the support of a great newly risen leader on earth in the future) we will welcome them with open arms, as they come bearing gifts in the form of ‘Cures’ ‘Technology’ and a new belief system. A system which will start with a one world currency/Religion, and morph into the outright worship of Lucifer. I firmly believe our leaders/Puppets are pawns of the real ‘ILLUMINATI’ a group of people who have been in cahoots with the ‘Demons’ for a very, very, very long time. I believe those people DO sacrifice children, they DO worship Lucifer, thy DO believe in ‘Signs and numerology’ they DO put great stock in ancient and archaic symbolism, as a random 4 bars from one of my songs (ANGELS FLY) portrays; “Through Spanish to Sumerian man kinds Leaders New language Luciferian hand signs heed this, …See Satan’s inner vision and its horrible …Freemason symbolism on the dollar bill” …In short, YOU (THE PEOPLE) might not believe in Lucifer as the Bible depicts him, but your leaders DO. Our leaders believe and worship Lucifer! I mean fucksake people! The Los Angeles Times of December 12, 1984, quoted John Paul II as saying: "Don't go to God for forgiveness of sins: come to me!" There are so many example and physical proof I could cite in the form of transcripts, quotes and dimensions of building of import for example that it would take you hours to read through it all. Those ancient structures that were not in my opinion created by humans. in fact they actually support my argument that ancient visitors (DEMONS masquerading as ALIENS) came to earth and still do, to influence man and turn him from god with wonders, be it levitation via sound waves of massive structures, or taking on the roles of Gods, naming themselves, Zeus, Odin and other such paganism. All this serves to make man believe there are God(S) plural. Constantine edited the Bible, yes I believe that, with money as a tool to create a 'One World Religious Canon' money money money....God should NEVER be in the same sentence with that word. I refuse to believe that the God of the Bible would send for example my fiancée Chogaia Cristina LV to Hell for being an Atheist....she’s a good person, who happens not to believe in God. It scares the fuck out me, coz I don't know what’s gonna happen to people like her, or myself for that matter. I mention this to support my belief that some of the Bible isn't (Wholly) from God. I just pray to the God I believe in and go with what FEELS right in regards to the bible. The starving child with no access to a religious system and ‘or belief is safe in my opinion. We that do whoever, have knowledge and awareness of the possible existence of God ....we have to be careful. that’s all I can say. I don't know, it confuses me too... 'The Great deception' what is that?... The Bible? The AntiChrist, and his Messiah impersonation? The Aliens/Fallen Angels/Demons soon to come? The Young Earth Theory? Reincarnation? I personaly believe the great deception will be #2 in that list The only thing I do know (in my heart at least) is that there is 1 God who loves us and wants us with him in Heaven. Hell? Well, as my lyrics from old song "The Sinner's Song" say; "Know within your soul's core Hell was not built for us// Oh! I think of those poor fellas God filled with love//" I think of the testimony of 4 year old children who have had NDE’s (Near Death Experiences) or who have actually flat lined and died for a short while, and seen Jesus and/ or Angels, I think of the information they have brought back with them, and I know a 4 year old child could NOT come out with some of the stuff they have said about their visit to Heaven as it were. There’s 1000’s of such videos and information in regards to this. Or this one strikes me also with truth These and other such videos aren’t the reason I believe in God…The strange thing is…I KNOW God exists and thereby can’t win an argument with any non-believers who expect me to provide proof lol. I mean what they think I am, a fucking Angel? I can’t explain WHY I am 100% certain there is a God…I just KNOW. That's probably weak sounding as the statement "You just have to have FAITH" lol but it’s all I have “Their great to have you believe that they don’t exist" I mean who wants to be known as the local nut job that believes his leaders are in turn ruled by devil worshipping, child abusing Luciferians? ‘Enlightened Ones’ my arse, if they truly were that which they claimed, they would recoil In horror at what awaits them pass the veil. I understand some may consider me such a ‘nutjob’ for my own beliefs... ...Which are thus... 1 - I believe in the God of Abraham, I believe in Jesus, I don’t know what to believe of the Bible, as I believe during the 1st Council of Nicaea in AD 325, The Roman Emperor Constantine edited the book. A mere man with a group of Money driven shrivelled up old men with an overblown flair of... presumptuous arrogance, took upon themselves the audacious task of settling the ”God & Jesus” issue. Mainly the fact that Jesus was as divine as God, was the topic. 2 - I believe The Vatican, to be most heinously corrupt. Need I talk about the child abuses perpetrated and only in the last decade coming to light? What else does The Vatican hide from us? Why, in The Los Angeles Times of December 12, 1984, was John Paul II quoted as saying: "Don't go to God for forgiveness of sins: come to me” I mean, WHAT.THE.FUCK? Why did this mortal man, this...’Holy Anointed Pope’ decide to raise himself above God? Why is the bronze sculpture located in The Vatican’s Paul VI audience hall so...demonic looking in appearance? Google that shit and then tell me that isn’t a Fucking Reptilian head morphing out of the head of Jesus... this has an alien... Chthonic feel to it that reeks of Satan to me In fact I'll add the image to this album. The work is called ‘LA RESURREZIONE’ sculpted by Pericle Fazzini. Why, did the Vatican cover up the 3rd secret of Fatima? Despite 100.000 people witnessing “The Miracle of The Sun” In 1917, (An event that saw the sun change colours dance and streak toward the earth, drying the mud around the Masses as well as the clothes they wore) The Vatican declared this “A Genuine Miracle” yet decided to withhold the 3rd Secret despite the implicit directions from Lucia De Jesus Do Santos, that it be opened in 1960? Lucia was one of the 3 children who in Portugal 1917 witnessed the series of apparitions of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Eventually in June 2000 the secret Was revealed. The original 3rd secret was 1 page of writing. What we got in 2000 from the Vatican was a supplementary vision of 60+ lines and 4 pages, and NOT the 3rd Secret itself. This I believe was because the secret concerned the church itself, and the corruption therein... ...After all, the secret was intended for The Pope, not the public. I believe it was a warning for the church to rid itself of its Satanic traits. Revelation 17:4 ... 'And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold And precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication.' The main colours of the Bishops and Cardinals in the Catholic Church are purple and scarlet ...And we all know how rich The Vatican is, Gold adorns everything, with jewels all over. Future album from me is gonna really dig the dirt on those...fuckers, I'll call it The RED & SCARLET Beast. Nuff said. For those that do believe in God, do you think it was his vision to have his Holy church so money and wealth oriented? Why does The Vatican now believe in Aliens? Is it because they know they will arrive soon, and be hailed as saviors? Are aliens really Demons, sent to turn us subtly away from God? Are they the ones our ancient ancestors worshipped as Zeus, Set & such like? How did we build those impossible structures? (Puma Punku being just one ancient example, and Coral Castle in Florida being a more modern, yet still mysterious structure(s) I believe demons in the guise of Benevolent Aliens have influenced Mankind for thousands of years. All this is the lead up to the end times... ...You may be wondering why I’ve ranted on so much about The Vatican? Well mainly because as “Gods Vicar” On earth, the Pope and all his ilk have completely abused their position, in fact gone way beyond that, the majority I believe have fully turned to Satan. Some perhaps unwittingly so... by following orders. What about the government you ask? They’re puppets. Behind them the strings are pulled by the real leaders... “Those Who Sit Above in Shadow”... ...A name I like to call them. Call them whatever you like, The Bilderbergs, The Rothschilds, though suffice to say These are public names. Who knows what group lurk behind them. The Rothschild dynasty is the most visibly powerful bloodline on earth with an empire worth $500 trillion! They have financed nearly EVERY war since Napoleon. Their greatest weapon IS the financial system. Brain-Washing - A very successful mass-enslavement tool used is the education system. Schools are no longer what they used To be, our kids are learning to memorize without thought and to obey without question. The reason we pay money for this Governmental education? Easy, the "Elite" require our kids learn conformity, It will make it easy when the “great Culling” Starts in earnest. they will then have created a generation of zombie-like emotionless drones, who will kill their own Families if ordered to do so. Moving on... “The Mark” is an often debated issue among conspiracy theorists. Is it the RFID chip we will all be forced to receive? For without it we may not purchase goods...the following excerpt from The King James Bible sends sheer shivers down my spine when I remember it... “And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name” —Revelation 13:16-17, King James Version Bible Those who reject this possible ‘Mark of the Beast’ will be sent to die in FEMA camps. Typically the majority of these wil be Christians. Obama has ordered Secret construction of FEMA camps all over the USA, ordering his minions to do it as quietly as possible. These FEMA camp’s may have the appearance Of a helpful establishment placed there in preparation for a time of need(i.e. natural disaster), But Bullshit! All FEMA facilities have several layers of fencing, All of which for some mysterious reason Have barbed wire at the top, pointing toward the inside of the fence. Why would you want to keep people you are Helping in? Along with this, electronically operated turnstiles guard the only entrances into the gated sections. Cameras watch closely Over the supposedly abandoned sites, and HeliPads have been placed anticipating the arrival of helicopters. They have ‘family coffins’ in FEMA camps that can fit 4 adults inside. MAINSTREAM MEDIA AS A TOOL FOR BRAINWASHING THE "USELESS EATERS" (PS, that's you and me, no not You ya posh cunt) Hollywood is, and has been conducting a blatant psychological warfare operation...for a very long time. TV? Shit, that’s their main tool....Disney is one of the worst, some of the filth you see in his...creations if you research, will Completely shock you. A DISNEY Movie called “Suite Life of Zack and Cody” actually has the word Illuminati on The background on a blackboard. The well-loved cartoon character Goofy holds a skateboard with a crowned all seeing eye. For those that don’t know the ‘Eye of Horus’ represents the masonic Christ or Lucifer, Satan, God & Ruler of this world. The amount of times the words 9/11 has been used in movies PRIOR to the disaster beggars belief and goes way beyond coincidence. They love shoving their damn numerology under our noses KNOWING that the average person will refuse to lend it any credence. Standard Modus Operandi of the NWO. Nickelodeon has used “The Eye” in many of their logos. Much the same design as that found all over American money, satanic symbolism is all over our movies, shows, music and cartoons, subliminally attacking& influencing us, especially the Young. One last cartoon example I present as a link, Here’s something that even the most Stubborn debunkers among you will have trouble brushing off - - Remember, you may not believe in the Devil...But your leaders do! Watch out for the world leader that survives a mortal head wound, watch out for the One World Religion. Prepare for "The Culling". Refuse the Mark. Closing words? A quote - As J. Edgar Hoover said; “We must now face the harsh truth that the objectives of communism are being steadily advanced because many of us do not recognize the means used to advance them. … The individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a Conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists. The American mind simply has not come to a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst.” (Elks Magazine, August 1956.) "I put a LOTTA work into this conceptual album, more so than any of my other 8 albums, you BETTER enjoy it fuckers, peace! Rukas 2015. Open-eyed Christian and fucking proud of it" credits released 19 February 2015 All credits given in track(s) info Credit given to the rare everyman, he'she that has EYES WIDE OPEN. SONG INTRODUCTIONS- BY RUKAS 0 - ILLUMINATUS The introductory song 2 the album. Just building up a picture of who the Illuminati are, in terms of an organisation, & what their main objective and/or goals are. 1. Who ARE the ILLUMINATI? 2. WHAT do they WANT? 3. Are they REAL? 4. Do they believe in the devil? ...That’s up 2 YOU 2 decide. Look at the evidence (Sometimes circumstantial, while at other time's BLATANT IN YOUR FACE) There have been written & recorded from Ex-Illuminati survivors I.E people who either used 2 be a PART of the organisation, or a VICTIM of it. These brave people have turned whistle-blower. The result? Most of them died in SUSPICIOUS circumstances, or were even out-rightly murdered. The list is...Endless. I will paste the link at the end of this section. The doubters out there will find it hard 2 believe our leaders & church leaders are involved in such an insidious devil worshipping....shadowy organisation. But the testimony(s) present daunting evidence 2 the contrary. It is fucking ludicrous how much shit we swallow in today’s busy modern world with all its gadgets & ever more creative way of communicating with each other like machines, hardly every touching, let alone seeing each other, we live in a “Equilibrium type Matrix” for lack of a better term, & are 2 desensitised 2 worldly affairs 2 even c it. Every day the news is bad news. I remember growing up as a kid watching the news, there was GOOD news 2 impart 2 the masses. Now it’s is just a never ending cycle of war, hatred & strife on a global scale. All this is perpetrated, guided, & orchestrated by humans under the influencing gaze of pure evil. Ephesians 6:12 - King James Bible “For we wrestle not against flesh & blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places” That sentence sadly will turn most people away, “Oh shit, another bible bashing Looney here” THAT is inevitable. It is the SOLE reason I created this album & the other songs in a one man effort 2 EXPOSE, .or at least give you pause 2 think, & hopefully lift the veil from your eyes even slightly, in order for you 2 c that we live in a world where we are not even aware that our innermost thoughts are not even OURS for the most part, A world of indoctrination, subliminal messages that are more rapidly moving for covert 2 OVERT. In the last 100 years our technological leap has been unbelievably rapid. 2 the point where even our scientists admit doesn't seem possible. If you are still reading & didn't turn away after the bible quote? You probably will now. But I couldn't give one fuck, as I know at least a small percentage of you out there are possible becoming (or have been) wise 2 the ways of this dark world for a while now. I believe that demons in the guise of benevolent aliens have had a hand in guiding our level of technological progress. The evidence is over-whelming if you take the time 2 research. From “The Baghdad Battery” created in Mesopotamia, during the Parthian or Sassanid periods (roughly 250 BC 2 AD 250), that was discovered in 1936 in the village of Khuyut Rabbou'a, near Baghdad, Iraq, 2 the impossible supposedly man-made structures like Tiwanacu & Puma Punku. Google’em. In short these structures far surpass the great pyramid at Giza in terms of technological genius. The “Aliens” who have names like Zeus, Odin, Thor, Set, Amen Ra (The reason I don’t say Amen when I pray) & others, have one main objective in mind. Guiding us 2 the point of drone like technologically reliant behaviour, so that when their “Messiah” comes 2 solve all our ills & create peace (Albeit a short & artificial one) we will all drop down 2 our knees & worship these “benevolent aliens” & their charismatic shining leader, .effectively turning our face from God, & giving praise 2 Satan. CONCLUSION Even if you don't believe in this weird spiritual reality, the scary part that SHOULD CONCERN you is that our leaders DO. IF it was pointless & there was nothing 2 it, don’t you think they would have written off Satan’s power & their “Mystery Schools” a LONG time ago? What would be the point of inserting Satan’s all seeing eye (In pagan cycles referred 2 as the Eye of Horus) in our cartons & movies. Why WOULD they incorporate the numbers 666 into their buildings (The Washington Monument - 666 feet tall) if the numbers were meaningless? As much as I righteously malign & expose their evil & depravity, I also acknowledge their intelligence & ingenuity. These are not STUPID people in charge of us, that’s the scary part. In short, you may not believe in the devil, but YOUR LEADERS DO. Take THAT & think about it. LIST OF VICTIMS - Rukas (John Brannan) 21st Jan, 2015 1 - THE TOTALITARIANS! These are NOT my own words, but I couldn’t introduce this track any more elegantly & succinctly than the following information - credit given - Texe Marrs "But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death." Proverbs 8:36 What do the Illuminati elite really want? Many believe they have the answer, & it all seems so simple. Rich beyond measure, they want more money. Already more powerful than the kings of old, they desire even more power. & being psychopaths & control freaks, true, they seek 2 establish a seamless Police State, the better 2 control & imprison anyone who breaks their arbitrary rules. So, is that it money, power, control? Is that the sum of what they want? Alex Jones, a dynamic radio show host & courageous patriot, & indisputably one of America's greatest researchers chronicling the growth & dangers of the Police State, has come forward now 2 warn that there's even more 2 the elite conspiracy. Yes, he documents, these evil plotters do strive 2 establish a Police State in which they control the levers of power, 2 further enrich themselves, while the masses toil in what is slated 2 become a network of global gulags. That is obvious; but, says Alex, their most sought after goal is something very difficult for you & me 2 fathom. "They want you dead," Alex Jones reports. I repeat & emphasize Alex's startling discovery: "They want you dead." Why This Blood Lust? But why? Why this bloodlust on the part of the Illuminati? Why are they obsessed with the urge 2 commit mass murder? It is a fact that the elite have long been the prime sponsors of global depopulation schemes. The Rockefellers funded Margaret Sanger's eugenics programs & helped her set up Planned Parenthood. George Herbert Walker Bush, as a young Congressman, served as head of Rockefellers' Zero Population Growth organization. 2 this day, the elite fund the drive by crazed environmentalists for a "sustainable earth." The stated goal, as CNN founder Ted Turner explained, is 2 wipe off the face of the earth some five & one-half billion inhabitants, leaving only 500 million alive. Plans Set for Mass Extermination Extensive, detailed plans have been devised 2 carry out this mass extermination. Lists have been made up of the "disposables," & the sites of "killing factories" have been chosen. A system of gulag camps will someday soon be filled with "selectees." New technologies will be employed 2 kill the victims. Once they are culled out, tortured, & "tagged," no human hands will afterwards touch them. Robotic, CIA boss William Colby ran the murderous "Operation Phoenix" program in Vietnam, complete with torture chambers & assassinations. Later, Colby was rewarded for his bloody handiwork, being promoted 2 Director of the CIA. sanitized factories will be clinically efficient. The victims' dead bodies, after processing, will fill the bottoms of the oceans & caverns underground. Certain experimental programs have been carried out 2 test various killing methods & disposal methods. Communism allowed many fertile testing grounds. In revolutionary Spain in the 1930s, in the Armenian Genocide of 1915, in the Soviet Union from 1917 2 1986, in Cambodia in the murderous Pol Pot & Khmer Rouge era, … and in Mao Tse Tung's Red China, tens of millions were culled out, tortured, & murdered. Everything was systematized. Lists were drawn up of "selected" victims; death camps were built; mass killing methods devised & so on. Operation Phoenix in Vietnam The United States, too, has been actively researching the field of death science. In Vietnam, CIA thug William Colby rewarded later by being made Director of the CIA and the U.S. Army's Special Forces abducted, tortured, & murdered up 2 150,000 mostly innocent Vietnamese citizens under Operation Phoenix. Everything done was input into computers & is now the database used 2 operate the so-called "rendition" torture camps run by the CIA, Israeli Mossad, & U.S. Army in Iraq, Guantanamo, & in Belarus, Khazakstan, Poland, Israel, Ethiopia, Diego Garcia, & other locations around the world. At Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, as well as at other torture & death centers, live cable TV transmissions are regularly sent 2 the Pentagon & 2 the White House. There, Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld, Vice President Cheney, President Bush & neocon Jewish "guests" watched in glee as hapless prisoners were raped, sodomized, beaten, stomped, eaten by dogs, & murdered. These are the equivalent of "snuff films," but it is on live TV. Inside Abu Ghraib prison. Live rape, torture, & "snuff" murders are sent via cable TV from U.S. torture centers in Iraq & around the world 2 the Pentagon & White House. 9/11 - A Pre-planned Murderous Operation Moreover, anyone who thinks Bush & Cheney did not know in advance that some 3,000 unsuspecting victims would perish on 9/11 in the World Trade Center towers is simply deluding himself. The Israeli Mossad & CIA made videos of the entire operation. In New Jersey, Mossad agents were seen just across the harbor from New York City on top of a building with video cameras filming the jet airliners as they smashed into the towers. The Israeli agents were observed yelling with delight & high-fiving each other. The March of Death The Illuminati's March of Death as I call it was revealed in advance in the satanically prophetic textbook of terror called The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Read what the Zionist monsters said they were going 2 do & ask yourself, "hasn't this already happened in many places? Will it not happen again?" "There remains a small space 2 cross & the whole long path we have trodden is ready now 2 close its circle of the Symbolic Snake, by which we symbolize our people. When this ring closes, all...will be locked into its coil as in a powerful vice... We are the diminution, the killing out of the GOYIM (Gentiles)...By want & the envy & hatred...we shall move the mobs & with their hands we shall wipe out all those who hinder us on our way. When the hour strikes for our Sovereign Lord of all the World 2 be crowned it is these same hands which will sweep away everything that might be a hindrance thereto... We shall create...a universal economic crisis whereby we shall throw upon the streets whole mobs of people simultaneously...These mobs will rush delightedly 2 shed the blood of those whom...they have envied from their cradles & whose property they will then be able 2 loot” 2 - THE COMMITTEE Warnings About the Invisible Government Running the U.S. The warnings listed below, which appear in chronological order, began with The first president - George Washington. The last president 2 speak out was JFK, who was assassinated George Washington wrote that the Illuminati want 2 separate the People from their Government “It was not my intention 2 doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, & principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am. The idea that I meant 2 convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free Masons in this Country had, as Societies, endeavoured 2 propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of separation). That Individuals of them may, actually had a separation [sic] of the People from their Government in view, is too evident 2 be questioned.” - George Washington, 1st President of the United States (1789-1797), from a letter that Washington wrote on October 24, 1798, which can be found in the Library of Congress. For an analysis of Washington’s warning, c the article “Library of Congress: George Washington Warns of Illuminati” “I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies.” Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-1809) & principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776), in a letter written 2 John Taylor on May 28, 1816 Note that it appears that Washington’s & Jefferson’s concerns regarding bankers & separation of the people from the government was realized by 1836. This fact was confirmed in a letter written by FDR in 1933 (see below) in which he wrote that “a financial element in the large centres has owned the government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson.” Jackson was the seventh president of the United States (1829-1937). Calhoun served as Jackson’s vice-president from 1829-1932. “Behind the ostensible government sits enthroned an invisible government owing no allegiance & acknowledging no responsibility 2 the people. 2 destroy this invisible government, 2 befoul the unholy alliance between corrupt business & corrupt politics is the first task of the statesmanship of the day.” Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, An Autobiography, 1913 (Appendix B) “A great industrial nation is controlled by its system of credit. Our system of credit is privately concentrated. The growth of the nation, therefore, & all our activities are in the hands of a few men, We have come 2 be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled & dominated, governments in the civilized world no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction & the vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion & the duress of small groups of dominant men.” - Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, The New Freedom, 1913 “The real menace of our Republic is the invisible government, which like a giant octopus sprawls its slimy legs over our cities, states & nation, The little coterie of powerful international bankers virtually run the United States government for their own selfish purposes. They practically control both parties, & control the majority of the newspapers & magazines. They use the columns of these papers 2 club into submission or drive out of office public officials who refuse 2 do the bidding of the powerful corrupt cliques which compose the invisible government. It operates under cover of a self-created screen & seizes our executive officers, legislative bodies, schools, courts, newspapers & every agency created for the public protection.” - New York City Mayor John F. Hylan, New York Times, March 26, 1922 “Mr. Chairman, we have in this country one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer 2 the Federal Reserve Board & the Federal Reserve Banks. The Federal Reserve Board, a Government board, has cheated the Government of the United States & the people of the United States out of enough money 2 pay the national debt, Mr. Chairman, when the Federal Reserve act was passed, the people of the United States did not perceive that a world system was being set up here, & that this country was 2 supply financial power 2 an international superstate a superstate controlled by international bankers & international industrialists acting together 2 enslave the world for their own pleasure.” - Congressman Louis T. McFadden, from a speech delivered 2 the House of Representatives on June 10, 1932 “The real truth of the matter is, as you & I know, that a financial element in the large centers has owned the government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson.” Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945), in a letter 2 Colonel Edward M House dated November 21, 1933, as quoted in F.D.R.: His Personal Letters, 1928-1945. “Today the path 2 total dictatorship in the U.S. can be laid by strictly legal means, We have a well-organized political-action group in this country, determined 2 destroy our Constitution & establish a one-party state, It operates secretly, silently, continuously 2 transform our Government, This ruthless power-seeking elite is a disease of our century, This group, is answerable neither 2 the President, the Congress, nor the courts. It is practically irremovable.” - Senator William Jenner, 1954 speech “The individual is handicapped by coming face-to-face with a conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists. The American mind simply has not come 2 a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst. It rejects even the assumption that human creatures could espouse a philosophy which must ultimately destroy all that is good & decent.” J. Edgar Hoover, The Elks Magazine, 1956 “The very word “secrecy” is repugnant in a free & open society; & we are as a people inherently & historically opposed 2 secret societies, 2 secret oaths & 2 secret proceedings, Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe, no war ever posed a greater threat 2 our security. If you are awaiting a finding of “clear & present danger,” then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear & its presence has never been more imminent, For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic & ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence-on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human & material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific & political operations. Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed.” John F Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, from a speech delivered 2 the American Newspaper Publishers Association on April 27, 1961 & known as the “Secret Society” speech (click here for full transcript & audio). James Warburg, son of CFR [Council on Foreign Relations] founder Paul Warburg, delivered blunt testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on February 17, 1950: “We shall have world government, whether or not we like it. The question is only whether world government will be achieved by consent or by conquest.” “The Rockefellers & their allies have, for at least fifty years, been carefully following a plan 2 use their economic power 2 gain political control of first America, & then the rest of the world. Do I mean conspiracy? Yes, I do. I am convinced there is such a plot, international in scope, generations old in planning, & incredibly evil in intent.” Congressman Larry P. McDonald, November 1975, from the introduction 2 a book titled The Rockefeller File. “There exists a shadowy government with its own Air Force, its own Navy, its own fundraising mechanism, & the ability 2 pursue its own ideas of national interest, free from all checks & balances, & free from the law itself.” - Daniel K. Inouye, US Senator from Hawaii, testimony at the Iran Contra Hearings, 1986 The Federal Reserve “One of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer 2 the Federal Reserve Board & the Federal Reserve Bank.” - Louis T. McFadden In an interview with Jim Lehrer that was aired on PBS’ News Hour on September 18, 2007 that you can watch on YouTube, formal Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said, essentially, that the Federal Reserve was above the law & that no agency of government can overrule their actions: Jim Lehrer: “What is the proper relationship, what should be the proper relationship between a chairman of the Fed & a president of the United States?” Alan Greenspan: “Well, first of all, the Federal Reserve is an independent agency, & that means, basically, that there is no other agency of government which can overrule actions that we take. So long as that is in place & there is no evidence that the administration or the Congress or anybody else is requesting that we do things other than what we think is the appropriate thing, then what the relationships are don’t frankly matter.” The fact that the Fed is above the law was demonstrated by current Fed chairman, Ben Bernanke, during his appearance before Congress on March 4, 2009 Senator Bernie Sanders asked Bernanke about $2.2 trillion in American tax dollars that was lent out by Federal Reserve. Bernanke refused 2 provide an answer: Senator Sanders: “Will you tell the American people 2 whom you lent $2.2 trillion of their dollars? , Can you tell us who they are?” Bernanke: “No” David Rockefeller & the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) “We have a well-organized political-action group in this country, determined 2 destroy our Constitution & establish a one-party state, ” - William Jenner “The Rockefellers & their allies have, for at least fifty years, been carefully following a plan 2 use their economic power 2 gain political control of first America, & then the rest of the world.” - Larry P. McDonald In 1921 the stockholders of the Federal Reserve financed an organization called the “Council on Foreign Relations” (CFR). A full discussion on the CFR is beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it 2 say that the CFR likely plays a prominent role in the invisible government that we have been warned about. The CFR is alleged 2 be the arm of the Ruling Elite in the United States. Most influential politicians, academics & media personalities are members. The CFR uses its influence 2 push their New World Order agenda on the American people. David Rockefeller, Sr is the current patriarch of the Rockefeller family. He is the only surviving grandchild of oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, founder of Standard Oil. Rockefeller began a lifelong association with the CFR when he joined as a director in 1949. In Rockefeller’s 2002 autobiography “Memoirs” he wrote: “For more than a century ideological extremists at either end of the political spectrum have seized upon well-publicized incidents such as my encounter with Castro 2 attack the Rockefeller family for the inordinate influence they claim we wield over American political & economic institutions. Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family & me as internationalists & of conspiring with others around the world 2 build a more integrated global political & economic structure one world, if you will. If that’s the charge, I stand guilty, & I am proud of it.” 3 - OH TIN MAN The world’s governments want 2 turn us into emotionless, cold unfeeling drone like machines. They started this process with the very first artificial limb. Now we are in the age of the RFID chip. Now whether this is the supposed “Mark Of The Beast” I do not know, “He causes all, both small & great, rich & poor, free & slave, 2 receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, & that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.” Revelation 13:16,17 But if the RFID microchip ever becomes mandatory & you were 2 couple that prophesy with the fact that without the RFID chip, you will not be able 2 buy or sell, well that’s pretty sinister. Writer Mac Slavo about how human-implanted microchips won’t just be popular in the future... . . .They’ll be MANDATORY. Moreover, if his vision of tomorrow is correct, hardly anyone will have 2 be dragged kicking & screaming by jack-booted storm troopers (or robots?) into that Brave New World; rather, most people will willingly be chipped as we slouch toward Oceania. In fact, the movement is already in progress. As NewsMax’s James Hirsen recently wrote: “In various places all over the world, there are individuals who open doors, start cars, & control their computers with a mere gesture of their hands or arms. They are among the first wave of people who have voluntarily allowed a miniature computer chip 2 be placed inside of their bodies. Most are part of a group that advocates biohacking, a concept in which activists seek 2 enhance the human body through the use of technology. Many biohackers also identify with a broader movement known as transhumanism. Transhumanists believe that people will ultimately be able 2 transform themselves through the use of technology into superior beings that possess expanded capabilities. Adherents of the movement categorize such individuals as “posthuman.” In inching toward a newly defined humanity, a small radio frequency identification chip (RFID) is being injected into an individual’s hand, wrist, or arm through use of a hypodermic needle in the same manner as a routine vaccine. The implanted microchip broadcasts an identifying number or code, which can be used for a myriad of purposes. The benefits of this technology are seductive: No more having 2 carry & worry about losing numerous credit cards & other forms of identification. No more fumbling for them when performing transactions; a wave of the hand will suffice. No more showing passports when you travel or your driver’s license 2 a cop. & since microchipping would facilitate a cashless society, there’d be no more worries about cash loss or theft, & it could put an end 2 black-market drug & other illegal transactions; identity theft could be eliminated, too (though any technology could conceivably be circumvented). & as Lain Gillespie wrote in the Sydney Morning Herald, “The implants send a unique ID number that can be used 2 activate devices such as phones & locks, & can link 2 databases containing limitless information, including personal details such as names, addresses & health records.” Gillespie also mentioned cybernetics scientist Dr. Mark Gasson of the UK’s University of Reading (UR), who made history recently: After implanting a chip in himself in 2009 2 control his office’s electronic gadgets, he became the world’s first human infected with a computer virus. “The virus was replicated on the swipecards of staff accessing his building & infected the university's database,” writes Gillespie. Yet Gasson remains enthusiastic about what he characterizes as an inevitable & imminent new technological normal. He says, “It has the potential 2 change the very essence of what it is 2 be human.” He believes that microchips’ acceptance will mirror that of mobile phones & that a situation will develop wherein it “will be such a disadvantage not 2 have the implant that it will essentially not be optional.” But it gets even stranger. As Gillespie also wrote: In [2013] the line between man & machine became even more blurred, when Stanford University announced its scientists had created the first purely biological transistor that was made entirely of genetic material. Stanford assistant professor of bioengineering, Dr Drew Endy, described the breakthrough as the final component needed for a biological computer that can operate within living cells & reprogram living systems. And 2 some degree the future is now, with biometric technology already being used in certain wide-scale applications. As writer Michael Snyder informs us, a hand-scanning payment method is being tested in southern Sweden, biometric scanners/RFID tracking devices are already used in college dining halls & some amusement parks, & the technology is even “being used in Africa 2 keep track of who is being vaccinated. But how will this transition from new & novel idea 2 mandatory mark of the beast? There is precedent for acceptance of such intrusion; after all, your cellphone has an RFID chip & can be used 2 track your every movement, & its camera can be remotely activated by authorities. & we all have Social Security numbers. But the move toward mandatory status will begin like this, writes Mac Slavo: First, the technologies will need 2 be generally accepted by society. It’ll start with real-time consumer based products like Google Glass. The older generations may reject it, but in a couple of years you can bet that tens of millions of kids, teens & younger adults will be roaming the streets while sporting cool shades, interactive web surfing & the capability 2 record everything around them & upload it 2 the internet instantly. Remember that young people especially like the feeling of being “with it,” on the cutting edge, & don’t want 2 have outdated technology any more than out-of-style clothes; they will leap 2 be chipped just as they snatch up the latest smart phone. & not only will the technology be convenient, but it will lend an illusion of power. With just a wave of your hand doors will open for you literally & figuratively. “Eventually, once the concept is generally accepted by the majority, it will become our new ‘social security number,’” writes Slavo. You’ll thus need a chip 2 avail yourself of government services and, sooner or later, 2 make a purchase (again, society would no doubt become cashless). At that point circumstances may compel a person 2 accept an implant even if the government doesn’t. & the implications of this are grave, say many critics. For instance, University of Wollongong professor Katina Michael warns, reports Gillespie: “RFID microchips are essentially a unique ID embedded in your body, and, as we know, numbers can be stolen & data can be hacked.... They point 2 an uber-surveillance society that is big brother on the inside looking out. Governments or large corporations would have the ability 2 track people's actions & movements ... & ultimately even control them.” Also note that with the government developing the capacity 2 predict an individual’s behavior with computer algorithms & with science starting 2 create technology that can decode thoughts & intentions (mind-reading), the future looks, well, quite revelatory. So will a day come where we dare think only doubleplusgood thoughts? Will 1984 & Brave New World transition from fiction 2 news? Whatever the case, we can without hesitation now say something about the old Chinese curse, “May you live in interesting times”: We certainly do. Here is a brilliant history I researched - THE HISTORY OF PROSTHETICS Prosthetic care goes back 2 the fifth Egyptian Dynasty (2750-2625 B.C.); archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known splint from that period. The earliest known written reference 2 an artificial limb was made around 500 B.C., Herodotus wrote of a prisoner who escaped from his chains by cutting off his foot, which he later replaced with a wooden substitute. An artificial limb dating from 300 B.C., was a copper & wood leg unearthed at Capri, Italy in 1858. In 1529, French surgeon, Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) introduced amputation as a lifesaving measure in medicine. Soon after, Pare started developing prosthetic limbs in a scientific manner. In 1863, Dubois L Parmelee of New York City made an improvement 2 the attachment of artificial limbs. He fastened a body socket 2 the limb with atmospheric pressure. He was not the first person 2 do so, but he was the first person 2 do so with satisfactory results. In 1898, Dr. Vanghetti invented an artificial limb that could move with through muscle contraction. In 1946, a major advancement was made in the attachment of lower limbs. A suction sock for the above-knee prosthesis was created at University of California (UC) at Berkeley. In 1975, Ysidro M. Martinez' invention of a below-the-knee prosthesis avoided some of the problems associated with conventional artificial limbs. Martinez, an amputee himself, took a theoretical approach in his design. He did not attempt 2 replicate the natural limb with articulated joints in the ankle or foot which is seen by Martinez as causing poor gait. His prosthesis has a high center of mass & is light in weight 2 facilitate acceleration & deceleration & reduce friction. The foot is considerably shorter 2 control acceleration forces, reducing the friction & pressure. 4 - USELESS EATERS "Useless eaters" is a term often bandied about by conspiracy theorists. This is supposedly what the heads of the New World Order/Illuminati/Bilderbergs/Reptoids/ call us in their meetings in smoke-filled rooms while they light their cigars with $100 bills” “A total world population of 250-300 million people, a 95% decline from present levels, would be ideal.” ~Ted Turner, in an interview with Audubon magazine Means of execution The genocidal depopulation plan generally involves poisoning or sterilizing people through the use of chemtrails or water fluoridation. Agribusiness transnational’s like Monsanto are often implicated in some sort of scheme to monopolize the world's food supply so it can be easily tainted with deadly toxins. Just about anything that can be said to involve "chemicals" can be implicated in this nefarious scheme: Vaccines, alleged covert geo-engineering schemes, genetically modified food, etc. Variants of the theory include those with an anti-abortion tinge who incorporate conspiracy theories about Planned Parenthood, and AIDS conspiracy theorists who believe AIDS was concocted in a laboratory for the purpose of reducing the population. Another variant, largely attributable to Lyndon LaRouche, has worldwide nuclear war as part of the conspirators' alleged plan along with a deliberate economic collapse and deindustrialization to force the world back into a "new dark age". Prince Philip and his son, Prince Charles of England, are both extensively involved with the World Wildlife Fund and “Sustainable Development” – a euphemism for Population Extermination. The elitists want the world and its resources for themselves. They want to be rid of the rest of us who they refer to as “useless eaters.” They claim we are “fouling” their earth. Here is a quote from Prince Philip: “In the event that I am reincarnated I would like to return as a deadly virus, in order to contribute something to overpopulation.” Reported by Deutsche Press Agentur (DPA) 1988. Bertrand Russell, Illuminati, advisor to presidents, author and population extermination guru, wrote the following in his book, The Impact of Science on Society (1953): “At present the population of the world is increasing. . . War so far has had no great effect on this increase. . . I do not pretend that birth control is the only way in which population can be kept from increasing. There are others. . . If a Black Death could be spread throughout the world once in every generation, survivors could procreate freely without making the world too full. . . The state of affairs might be somewhat unpleasant, but what of it.” Really high-minded people are indifferent to suffering, especially the suffering of others.” 5 - DON'T MAKE US DIE 21 Goals of the Illuminati and The Committee of 300 By Dr. John Coleman.(Written ca. 1993) 1. To establish a One World Government/New World Order with a unified church and monetary system under their direction. The One World Government began to set up its church in the 1920:s and 30:s, for they realized the need for a religious belief inherent in mankind must have an outlet and, therefore, set up a "church" body to channel that belief in the direction they desired. 2. To bring about the utter destruction of all national identity and national pride, which was a primary consideration if the concept of a One World Government was to work. 3. To engineer and bring about the destruction of religion, and more especially, the Christian Religion, with the one exception, their own creation, as mentioned above. 4. To establish the ability to control of each and every person through means of mind control and what Zbignew Brzezinski called techonotronics, which would create human-like robots and a system of terror which would make Felix Dzerzinhski's Red Terror look like children at play. 5. To bring about the end to all industrialization and to end the production of nuclear generated electric power in what they call "the post-industrial zero-growth society". Excepted are the computer- and service industries. US industries that remain will be exported to countries such as Mexico where abundant slave labor is available. As we saw in 1993, this has become a fact through the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement, known as NAFTA. Unemployables in the US, in the wake of industrial destruction, will either become opium-heroin and/or cocaine addicts, or become statistics in the elimination of the "excess population" process we know of today as Global 2000. 6. To encourage, and eventually legalize the use of drugs and make pornography an "art-form", which will be widely accepted and, eventually, become quite commonplace. 7. To bring about depopulation of large cities according to the trial run carried out by the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia. It is interesting to note that Pol Pot's genocidal plans were drawn up in the US by one of the Club of Rome's research foundations, and overseen by Thomas Enders, a high-ranking State Department official. It is also interesting that the committee is currently seeking to reinstate the Pol Pot butchers in Cambodia. 8. To suppress all scientific development except for those deemed beneficial by the Illuminati. Especially targeted is nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Particularly hated are the fusion experiments currently being scorned and ridiculed by the Illuminati and its jackals of the press. Development of the fusion torch would blow the Illuminati's conception of "limited natural resources" right out of the window. A fusion torch, properly used, could create unlimited and as yet untapped natural resources, even from the most ordinary substances. Fusion torch uses are legion, and would benefit mankind in a manner which, as yet, is not even remotely comprehended by the public. 9. To cause. by means of A) limited wars in the advanced countries, B) by means of starvation and diseases in the Third World countries, the death of three billion people by the year 2050, people they call "useless eaters". The Committee of 300 (Illuminati) commissioned Cyrus Vance to write a paper on this subject of how to bring about such genocide. The paper was produced under the title "Global 2000 Report" and was accepted and approved for action by former President James Earl Carter, and Edwin Muskie, then Secretary of States, for and on behalf of the US Government. Under the terms of the Global 2000 Report, the population of the US is to be reduced by 100 million by the year of 2050. 10. To weaken the moral fiber of the nation and to demoralize workers in the labor class by creating mass unemployment. As jobs dwindle due to the post industrial zero growth policies introduced by the Club of Rome, the report envisages demoralized and discouraged workers resorting to alcohol and drugs. The youth of the land will be encouraged by means of rock music and drugs to rebel against the status quo, thus undermining and eventually destroying the family unit. In this regard, the Committee commissioned Tavistock Institute to prepare a blueprint as to how this could be achieved. Tavistock directed Stanford Research to undertake the work under the direction of Professor Willis Harmon. This work later became known as the "Aquarian Conspiracy". 11. To keep people everywhere from deciding their own destinies by means of one created crisis after another and then "managing" such crises. This will confuse and demoralize the population to the extent where faced with too many choices, apathy on a massive scale will result. In the case of the US, an agency for Crisis Management is already in place. It is called the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), whose existence I first enclosed in 1980. 12. To introduce new cults and continue to boost those already functioning which include rock music gangsters such as the Rolling Stones (a gangster group much favored by European Black Nobility), and all of the Tavistock-created rock groups which began with the Beatles. 13. To continue to build up the cult of Christian Fundamentalism begun by the British East India Company's servant Darby, which will be misused to strengthen the Zionist State of Israel by identifying with the Jews through the myth of "God's chosen people", and by donating very substantial amounts of money to what they mistakenly believe is a religious cause in the furtherance of Christianity. 14. To press for the spread of religious cults such as the Moslem Brotherhood, Moslem Fundamentalism, the Sikhs, and to carry out mind control experiments of the Jim Jones and "Son of Sam" type. It is worth noting that the late Khomeini was a creation of British Military Intelligence Div. 6, MI6. This detailed work spelled out the step-by-step process which the US Government implemented to put Khomeini in power. 15. To export "religious liberation" ideas around the world so as to undermine all existing religions, but more especially the Christian religion. This began with the "Jesuit Liberation Theology", that brought an end to the Somoza Family rule in Nicaragua, and which today is destroying El Salvador, now 25 years into a "civil war". Costa Rica and Honduras are also embroiled in revolutionary activities, instigated by the Jesuits. One very active entity engaged in the so-called liberation theology, is the Communist-oriented Mary Knoll Mission. This accounts for the extensive media attention to the murder of four of Mary Knoll's so-called nuns in El Salvador a few years ago. The four nuns were Communist subversive agents and their activities were widely documented by the Government of El Salvador. The US press and the new media refused to give any space or coverage to the mass of documentation possessed by the Salvadorian Government, which proved what the Mary Knoll Mission nuns were doing in the country. Mary Knoll is in service in many countries, and placed a leading role in bringing Communism to Rhodesia, Moçambique, Angola and South Africa. 14. To cause a total collapse of the world's economies and engender total political chaos. 15. To take control of all foreign and domestic policies of the US. Okay, ran out of room, fuck it that’ll do. Note - It is IMPORTANT to realise that although the Illuminati Are influential everywhere, that they seem to focus their attentions mostly on America, and In all likelihood are mostly based there. 6 - GET’EM WHILE THEY’RE YOUNG! These, sick fuckers are targeting our CHILDREN!, Under a flimsy façade of charity, all the while spouting their empty platitudes riding on ‘nice words’ like equality, duty, freedom & such like. They are subverting the most unique & dynamic youth, horribly corrupting their malleable young minds, all in the goal of twisting our children 2 working for their Satanic agenda. The younger the better, as usually age 8 & over have built up a stronger sense of who they are, & what’s right & wrong. Anything under age 8 is considered “fair game” 2 these cunts. Metaphorically speaking... these young minds are akin 2 the ‘blank canvas’ & ‘artist’ The innocent young victim being the latter or course. Rukas quote December 21st 2015 be exact. HAH! Give loving attention. Someone attending a cult meeting for the first time quickly finds himself the object of attention and loving regard-"love-bombing." Feelings of warmth and acceptance are experienced as the group presents itself as a closely knit family bound together by ties of affection and common purpose. Grooming or cultivating. If the visitor accepts the invitation to stay with the group,

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13. The Four Pi Movement - Ringo Swann Remote Viewer featuring EBOLA

The Four Pi Movement - Ringo Swann Remote Viewer featuring EBOLA

In 1969, while gathering material for a book on the Charles Manson case, journalist Ed Sanders encountered reports of a sinister Satanic cult alleged to practice human sacrifice in several parts of California, luring youthful members from college campuses throughout the western half of the United States. Calling itself the "Four Pi" or "Four P" movement, the cult originally boasted 55 members, of whom fifteen were middle-aged, the rest consisting of young men and women in their early twenties. The group's leader -- dubbed the "Grand Chingon" or "Head Devil" -- was said to be a wealthy California businessman of middle years, who exercised his power by compelling younger members of the cult to act as slaves and murder random targets on command. The central object of the cult was to promote "the total worship of evil." Organized in Northern California during 1967, the Four Pi movement held its secret gatherings in the Santa Cruz mountains, south of San Francisco. Rituals were conducted on the basis of a stellar timetable, including the sacrifice of Doberman and German shepherd dogs. Beginning in June 1968, authorities in San Jose, Santa Cruz, and Los Gatos began recording discovery of canines, skinned and drained of blood without apparent motive. As the director of the Santa Cruz animal shelter told Sanders, "Whoever is doing this is a real expert with a knife. The skin is cut away without even marking the flesh. The really strange thing is that these dogs have been drained of blood." If we accept the word of isolated witnesses, the missing blood was drunk by cultists in their ceremonies. So, according to reports, was human blood, obtained from sacrificial victims murdered on a dragon-festooned altar. Death was the result of stabbing with a custom-made six bladed knife, designed with blades of varied length to penetrate a victim's stomach first, before the heart was skewered, causing death. Each sacrifice allegedly was climaxed by removal of the heart, which cultists then divided up among themselves to eat. The evidence of murder was incinerated in a portable crematorium, mounted in the back of a truck. According to reports from self-styled members of the Four Pi cult, its victims were mainly hitchhikers, drifters and runaways, with an occasional volunteer from the ranks. One such, a young woman, reportedly went to her death with a smile in November 1968, near Boulder Creek, but even sacrifice of willing victims is a risky business, and the cult was said to mount patrols around its rural meeting places, using guards with automatic weapons and attack trained dogs to guarantee privacy. In early 1969, the cult reportedly moved southward, shifting operations to the O'Neil Park region of the Santa Ana Mountains, below Los Angeles. The move produced -- or was occasioned by -- a factional dispute within the group, one segment striving to de-emphasize Satanic ritual and concentrate wholeheartedly on kinky sex, while more traditional adherents clung to Lucifer and human sacrifice. The group apparently survived its schism and expanded nationwide, with author Maury Terry citing evidence of a thousand or more members across the country by 1979. One hotbed of activity appears to be New York, where 85 German shepherds and Dobermans were found skinned in the year between October 1976 and October 1977. Along the way, the "Four Pi" movement has apparently rubbed shoulders with a number of notorious killers, feeding -- or, perhaps, inspiring -- their sadistic fantasies. Serial slayer Stanley Baker, jailed in Montana for eating the heart of one victim, confessed to other murders perpetrated on orders from the "Grand Chingon." Recruited from a college campus in Wyoming, Baker remained unrepentant in confinement, organizing fellow inmates into a Satanic coven of his own, but his testimony brought lawmen no closer to cracking the cult. Charles Manson and his "family" reportedly had contact with the Four Pi movement, prior to making headlines in Los Angeles. Ed Sanders reports that some of Manson's followers referred to him -- in Sanders' presence -- as the "Grand Chingon," distinguished from the original article by his age and the fact that Manson was jailed while the real "Chingon" remains at large. Likewise, "family" hacker Susan Atkins has described the sacrifice of dogs by Manson's group, and searchers digging for the last remains of Manson victim Shorty Shea reported finding large numbers of chicken and animal bones at the family's campsite -- a peculiar form of garbage for a group reputedly comprised of vegetarians. Convicted killer David Berkowitz -- more famous as the "Son of Sam" who terrorized New York in 1976 and '77 -- has also professed membership in the Four Pi cult, revealing inside knowledge of a California homicide allegedly committed by the group. In 1979, Berkowitz smuggled a book on witchcraft out of his prison cell, with passages on Manson and the Four Pi movement underlined. One page bore a cryptic notation in the killer's own handwriting : "Arlis Perry. Hunted, stalked, and slain. Followed to California." As researched by Maury Terry, the Berkowitz note points directly to an unsolved murder committed at Stanford University in mid-October 1974. On October 11 of that year, co-ed Arlis Perry was found in the campus chapel at Stanford, nude from the waist down, a long candle protruding from her vagina. Her blouse had been ripped open, and another candle stood between her breasts. Beaten and choked unconscious by her assailant, she was finally killed with an ice pick, buried in her skull behind the left ear. In subsequent conversations and correspondence, Berkowitz alleged that Perry was killed by Four Pi members as "a favor" to cultists in her hometown Bismarck, North Dakota, whom she had apparently offended in some way. Her slayer was named by Berkowitz as "Manson II," a professional killer "involved with the original Manson and the cult there in L.A." Aside from participation in human and canine sacrifice, with the occasional gang-rape of teenage girls, Four Pi cultists also reportedly share a fascination with Nazi racist doctrines. One alleged member, named by Berkowitz, was Frederick Cowan, a neofascist from New Rochelle, New York, who was suspended from work after quarreling with his Jewish boss in February 1977. Turning up at the plant with a small arsenal on February 14, Cowan killed five persons and wounded two others before turning a gun on himself. Maury Terry has also linked cult activity with the unsolved case of the "Westchester Dart man," who wounded 23 women in New York's Westchester and Rockland Counties, between February 1975 and May 1976. Despite the testimony of reputed Four Pi members, authorities have yet to build a case against the cult. Some suspects, named by witnesses, have died in "accidents" or "suicides" before they could be questioned by police. Another obstacle appears to be the use of code names, which prevent the cultists from identifying one another under questioning. The group itself relies on different names from place to place, with New York members meeting as "The Children," while Alabama hosts "The Children of the Light" (suspected of involvement in 25 murders since 1987). A faction called the "Black Cross" is said to operate as a kind of Satanic Murder Incorporated, fielding anonymous hit teams for cultists nationwide, disposing of defectors and offering pointers on the fine art of human sacrifice. If law enforcement spokesmen are correct, the cult is also deeply involved in white slavery, child pornography , and the international narcotics trade.

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