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21. Thunderdome--Live Presents - Global Hardcore Nation-1997--Mix 1

  • Published: 2016-11-26T16:23:35Z
  • By magpie303
Thunderdome--Live Presents - Global Hardcore Nation-1997--Mix 1

DJ Rob & MC Joe (6:15) 1- DJ Jappo & Lancinhouse - Exlxaxl 2-B X-Factor - The Underground 3- DJ Paul & Teenage Warning - Brohymn (This One's For Gabbers) Boris Valeo (14:24) 1- USSR National Anthem 2- James Daltan Meets DJ X-Ess - Bad Time 3- Placid K - Ride The Party (1st Mix) 4- The Hardcore Brothers - Can You Thrill Me? 5- The Bellini Bros - Samba De Janeiro 6- Juggernaut - Communism DJ Buzz Fuzz (13:46) 1- The Controllers - I Wanna Rock You 2- Lenny Dee & The Hardcore Warriors - Funky Twisted 3- Chosen Few - Name Of The DJ (Buzz Fuzz Mix) 4- DJ Buzz Fuzz - Jealousy (Is A M.F.) DJ Gizmo (9:01) 1- Scott Brown - Disciples Of Hardcore 2- DJ Gizmo - Shut 'M Down 3- Square Dimension - House Of Pain Darrien Kelly Feat. The Ultimate MC (12:22) 1- Hardsequencer - Braincrash 2- Darrien Kelly & The Stunned Guys - Main Motherfuckers 3- Nasty Django - Hardcore M.F. (Shit's Psykosex Rmx) 4- Darrien Kelly & The Stunned Guys - Our Definition Of Oldstyle 5- Darrien Kelly & The Stunned Guys - Party Rico Lady Dana (21:04) 1- Lady Dana - Intro 2- Klangwerk - Fireman 3- B.S.E. - Adess Se Qui 4-DJ Attic & DJ Stylzz - Showing It To Ya 5- Mister DJ - Maximizer 6- Kabaal - Blow That Shit 7- Deywhitness - Brrrr

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22. RAFA RIBEIRO - FESTA MAIS - MARÇO 2016

RAFA RIBEIRO - FESTA MAIS - MARÇO 2016

Meu set para a Festa MAIS de março de 2016. Tracklist: 1. Always there (David Morales remix) - Incognito 2. Show me love (original mix) - Sam Feldt 3. Mother protect (goldroom remix) - Niki & The Dove 4. This charming man (Luis Leon bootleg) - The Smiths 5. How deep is your love (Liva K remix) - Calvin Harris & The Disciples 6. Let’s dance (miKech edit) - David Bowie 7. Ocean Drive (Liva K) - Duke Dumont 8. Don’t stop ’til you get enough (Gigamesh remix) - Michael Jackson 9. Bad girls (Gigamesh remix) - Donna Summer 10. Mania de você (EduNuffer, Ramon Kreiseler remix) - Rita Lee 11. Maniac (original mix) - Peaches, Moullinex 12. Save a prayer (original mix) - Dirty Vegas 13. All night long (Gui Pimentel rework 2012) - Lionel Ritchie 14. Outro lugar (Sandro Oliveira bootleg) - Bob Sinclair & Salome de Bahia 15. Jealousy (feat. Lee Fields)- Martin Solveig

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23. DEEP SUMMER EP01

DEEP SUMMER EP01

TRACKLIST 01. Elekfantz - Diggin' On You (Original Mix) 02. Vanilla Ice - Bring It Back (Original Mix) 03. John Newman - Losing Sleep (Disciples Remix) 04. Green Velvet - Bigger Than Prince (Hot Since 82 Remix) 05. Dansson & Marlon Hoffstadt - Shake That (Original Mix) 06. GotSome ft. The Get Along Gang - Bassline (Chcolate Puma Remix) 07. Ten Walls - Walking With Elephants (Original Mix) 08. Mat.Joe ft. Forrest - Closer (Original Mix) 09. Funky Fat - Jealousy (Original Mix) 10. Cajmere & Sonny Fodera - You’re The One (Pleasurekraft Remix) 11. Jon Cutler ft. E Man - It’s Yours (NiCe7 Remix) 12. Nora En Pure - Come With Me (Original Mix) 13. Drake - Hold On, We’re Going Home (TJR 120BPM Refix)

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24. WEPLAY CLUB CHARTS VOL. 2 (Official Minimix)

WEPLAY CLUB CHARTS VOL. 2 (Official Minimix)

🔹 Checkt jetzt die neue WEPLAY CLUB CHARTS VOL. 2 💿 🎧 🎶 60 top House- & Dance-Tracks inklusive 5 Exklusiv-Titel! 🔹 Erhältlich als 3-CD Box & Download! ➡️ https://weplay.lnk.to/CLUBCHARTSVOL2 Tracklisting: CD 1: 01 Robin Schulz & Marc Scibilia - Unforgettable 02 Lost Frequencies & Zonderling - Crazy 03 Kevin Courtois - Craving 04 Axwell /\ Ingrosso - More Than You Know 05 Martin Garrix, Matisse & Sadko - Forever 06 VASSY, Afrojack - Lost 07 Mike Williams x Dastic - You & I 08 Nicky Romero feat. Spyder - PRTCL 09 Garmiani feat. Julimar Santos - Fogo 10 NERVO & Wolfpack - Like Air 11 Fedde Le Grand feat. Adam McInnis - Wonder Years 12 Armin van Buuren vs. Vini Vici feat. Hilight Tribe - Great Spirit 13 Merk & Kremont - Turn It Around 14 GNOWLY - Bassix* 15 Kaëru - Acid 16 Promise Land X WILL K - Get Down 17 Dave Winnel - Souljacker 18 Raiden & Tom Tyger - C’est La Vibe 19 Sunstars - One Time 20 Gabry Venus - El Bandolero CD 2: 01 Sam Feldt & Alex Schulz - Be My Lover 02 MK - 17 03 Leon Brooks feat. Sahbi - Give Me Love 04 Groove Unterstützende Maßnahme feat. Amari - Time To Wonder 05 Stupid Goldfish feat. Emelie Cyréus - No Better Love 06 Nora En Pure - Trailblazer 07 EDX - Running 08 Calmani & Grey feat. Chad Clemens - To The Moon And Back (BlackBonez Remix) 09 Calippo - Alive (eSQUIRE Remix) 10 Lizot - Do You Right 11 Trillogee - In My Head 12 Jolyon Petch feat. GKCHP - Otherside 13 Mark Bale feat. Bodhi Jones - Addicted to You (Luca Schreiner Remix) 14 Daisy Kilbourne - Lost You* 15 Wolf Krew feat. Simon Jackman - Take Me Away 16 C-Ro feat. Fibi Ameleya - Love Games (Danielle Diaz Remix) 17 Robert Rush, Steve Serano - Wonderful Life 18 Otto Knows - Friends 19 Wankelmut & Björn Dixgård - I Keep Calling 20 Chris Meid - Eye Of The Tiger CD 3: 01 MBP - What We Started (Original Mix)* 02 Tim Morrison - Slow Motion* 03 Dua Lipa - New Rules (Freedo Remix) 04 Disciples - Jealousy (GOLD RVSH Remix) 05 Starley - Been meaning to tell you (Odd Mob Remix) 06 Jus Jack - Wildfire 07 Gestört Aber Geil feat. Benne - Repeat 08 Stereoact feat. Laura Luppino - Ich will nur tanzen 09 Paul & Friends - This Time (feat. Elsa) 10 Dave Winnel, Galavant - Hold On 11 Gotta feat. Mick Fousé - Maybellene (Mikimoto Remix) 12 Chromeo - Juice (Chris Lake Remix) 13 Calix - Motions (Never Let Me Go) (Sunset Child Remix) 14 Cruze - Butterfly (DJ Tif Remix)* 15 Richard Judge - Kinda Love (Nils Hoffmann Radio Mix) 16 Moonbootica feat. Nneka - Do Not Do Me (Like Dis) 17 Feder - Breathe 18 Shapov feat. Rookies - More Than Love 19 AVEC - Waiting For (Alex Schulz Remix) 20 David K. - Perfect Miss (Acoustic Version) *EXCLUSIVE TRACKS

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25. Sivz | Sylections #06 - Vocal House

  • Published: 2017-11-27T07:25:34Z
  • By Sivz ♫
Sivz | Sylections #06 -  Vocal House

A funky and vocally Sylections mix for all you house lovers. A few oldies but goodies. Listen to other mixes in the Sylections mix series here: soundcloud.com/sivzmusic/sets/sylections-mix-series 1. I’ll Be Your Friend (Josh Butler Origins Remix) - Robert Owens 2. Suga - Technasia, Green Velvet 3. Woman (ZDS Remix) - Elderbrook 4. Summertime (Original Mix) - Milk & Sugar 5. Deep Inside (Low Steppa Remix) - Hardrive 6. In Ur Eyes (Original Mix) - Rafael Valley 7. Go Back (Original Mix) - Aaron Lainez 8. 1,2,3. Fire (Bontan Remix) - Coyu & Ramiro Lopez 9. Sunshine People - Dario D’Attis 10. Same Man (Original Mix) - Franky Rizardo 11. Flowers (Sam Divine & Curtis Gabriel) - Sweet Female Attitude 12. Cold Heart - Dusky 13. Jealousy (TCTS Remix) - Disciples 14. Groove Talk - Toyboy & Robin 15. Khayen (DJ Seinfeld Remix) - Omar Souleyman

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26. Frambo Hospital Popping House Mix #1.2 2017

  • Published: 2017-12-17T21:48:40Z
  • By Frambo
Frambo Hospital Popping House Mix #1.2 2017

To all my family and friends, I had a spell in hospital recently which was not planed!. I started this mix during my time there. This Mix is my way of saying a huge thanks to you all for showing me so much love. I hope you enjoy this Pop House Mix of 2017's big chart EDM tracks. I worked hard on this produced mix keeping it friendly for the wide range of folks wishing me well!. After three days of tweaking it is finally perfect. Runtime: 125.58 Tracklist: Lonely Together (ft. Rita Ora) Avicii New Rules (Freedo Remix) Dua Lipa How Long (Roisto Remix) Charlie Puth Instruction Jax Jones & Naturally Flavoured Show Me (ft. Malisha Bleau) Ryan Blyth Animal Eat More Cake Runnin' (ft. Kelli-Leigh) Low Steppa Fall For You (Sandy Rivera's Classic Mix) Kings Of Tomorrow I Miss You (Cahill Remix)(ft. Julia Michael)Clean Bandit On My Mind Disciples Breathe Jax Jones/Ina Wroldsen Let Go For Tonight (Fred Falke Club Mix) Foxes Cola CamelPhat & Elderbrook More Than Friends (ft. Kelli-Leigh) James Hype No Promises (Club Edit) (ft. Demi Lovato)Cheat Codes Places (ft. Ina Wrold) Martin Solvieg You Got Me Baby Lushinton You Don't Know Me Jax Jones & Raye Can't Lie (ft. Geneva White) Low Steppa Jealousy Disciples 17 MK Attention (Hugel Remix) Charlie Puth Be Right There Diplo & Sleepy Tom Plus One (ft. Sam White) Martin Solveig ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Enjoy and Merry Christmas! Frambo

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27. Deuteronomy 5-8 (Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God & A Warning Against Pride)

Deuteronomy 5-8 (Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God & A Warning Against Pride)

Deuteronomy 5 - Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God at Sinai A. The requirements of God’s covenant with Israel. 1. (1-5) The setting of the covenant. And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: “Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your hearing today, that you may learn them and be careful to observe them. The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive. The LORD talked with you face to face on the mountain from the midst of the fire. I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD; for you were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up the mountain. He said:” a. Hear, O Israel: Israel was bound to the covenant they agreed to in Exodus 24:1-8, yet the covenant was made with the previous generation which perished in the wilderness. The present generation had to understand and embrace the covenant if they were to enjoy the blessings of the covenant. b. Made a covenant: Literally, this is to “cut a covenant.” The idea of “cutting” is associated with covenant because covenants were always sealed with sacrifice - the cutting of a sacrificial victim. c. The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us: In fact, the covenant was originally made with the previous generation, and Moses did not deny this. But he drove the point home: This was their covenant; it is a covenant of the living, not of the dead. d. The LORD talked with you face to face: This demonstrates that the term face to face does not mean “literal face to literal face,” but is a Hebraic figure of speech meaning “intimate, free communication.” i. Deuteronomy 4:12 specifically says that Israel saw no form; you only heard a voice. Yet they had a remarkably transparent communication with God, so the figure of speech face to face applies. ii. This is why Exodus 33:11 says So the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend, and in Exodus 33:20 the LORD says, You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live. The use of face to face in Exodus 33:11 is a figure of speech, meaning Moses had free and unhindered communication with the LORD. iii. “Face to face seems to mean ‘in person,’ that is, in the immediacy of personal contact.” (Thompson) e. I stood between the LORD and you at that time: Israel could not bear such free and unhindered communication with the LORD, so they asked Moses to speak to God on their behalf. 2. (6-7) The first commandment: no other gods before Me. I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me. a. I am the LORD your God: Before God commanded anything of man, He declared who He was and what He did for Israel (who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage). The foundation was clear: because of whom God was and what He did for His people, He has the right to tell us what to do - and we have the obligation to obey Him. b. You shall have no other gods before Me: The first commandment logically flows from understanding who God is and what He has done for us. Nothing is to come before God and He is the only God we worship and serve. i. In the days of ancient Israel, there was great temptation to worship the gods of materialism (Baal, the god of weather and financial success) and sex (Ashtoreth, the goddess of sex, romance, and reproduction), or any number of other local deities. We are tempted to worship the same gods, but without the old-fashioned names and images. c. No other gods before Me: This did not imply that it was permissible to have other gods, as long as they lined up behind the true God. Instead the idea is that there are to be no other gods before the sight of the true God in our life. Before Me is literally, “to My face.” i. This means God demands to be more than “added” to our lives. We don’t just add Jesus to the life we already have. We must give Him all our lives. ii. Failure to obey this commandment is called idolatry. We are to flee idolatry (1 Corinthians 10:14). Those lives marked by habitual idolatry will not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Ephesians 5:5, Revelation 21:8, 22:15). Idolatry is a work of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-20), which marks our old life instead of the new (1 Peter 4:3), and we are not to associate with those who call themselves Christians who are idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11). 3. (8-10) The second commandment: You shall not make for yourself any carved image . . . you shall not bow down to them. You shall not make for yourself a carved image; any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. a. You shall not make for yourself a carved image: The second commandment prohibited not only idolatry regarding false gods, it also dealt with making an image of any created thing which we might worship. b. Or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath: In that day as well as in our own, worship was tied closely with images - idealized images, or even images in the mind of man. God will not allow us to depict Him with any such image, nor replace Him with another image. i. The second commandment didn’t forbid making an image of something for artistic purposes. God Himself commanded Israel make images of cherubim (Exodus 25:18, 26:31). It forbade the making of images as an “aid” to worship. ii. “To countenance its image worship, the Roman Catholic Church has left the whole of this second commandment out of the decalogue, and thus lost one whole commandment out of the ten; but to keep up the number they have divided the tenth into two.” (Clarke) iii. John 4:24 explains the rationale behind the second commandment: God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. The use of images and other material things as a focus or “help” to worship denies who God is (Spirit) and how we must worship Him (in spirit and truth). iv. Paul reminds us of the futility of trying to make God into our own image: Professing to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man; and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things. (Romans 1:22-23) c. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God: How can it be said that God is a jealous God? “God’s jealousy is love in action. He refuses to share the human heart with any rival, not because He is selfish and wants us all for Himself, but because He knows that upon that loyalty to Him depends our very moral life . . . God is not jealous of us: He is jealous for us.” (Redpath) d. Visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me: This does not mean God punishes us directly for the sins of our ancestors. The important words are of those who hate Me - if the descendants love God, they will not have the iniquity of the fathers visited on them. i. “‘This necessarily implies - IF the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty.” (Clarke) ii. Yet, the focus here is on idolatry, and this refers to judgment on a national scale - nations that forsake the LORD will be judged, and that judgment will have effects throughout generations. 4. (11) The third commandment: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain. a. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: We can break the third commandment through profanity (using the name of God in blasphemy and cursing), frivolity (using the name of God in a superficial, stupid way), and hypocrisy (claiming the name of God but acting in a way that disgraces Him). i. . Jesus communicated the idea of this command in the disciple’s prayer, when He taught us to have a regard for the holiness of God’s name (Hallowed be Your name, Matthew 6:9). b. For the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain: The strength of this command has led to strange traditions among the Jewish people. Some go to extreme lengths in attempting to fulfill this command, refusing to even write out the name of God, in the fear that the paper might be destroyed and the name of God be written in vain. 5. (12-15) The fourth commandment: Remember the Sabbath day. Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day. a. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: The seventh day (Saturday) was commanded to be respected as a day of rest. This rest was for all of Israel - servants and slaves as well as visitors. i. This is an important principle that might be too easily passed over. Here God declared the essential humanity and dignity of women, slaves, and strangers, and said they had the same right to a day of rest as the free Israeli man. This was certainly a radical concept in the ancient world. ii. In fact, in Moses’ exposition of the Law here in Deuteronomy, he pays special stress on the fact that the Sabbath is for the foreign-born slaves among Israel. Deuteronomy 5:15 (And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt) is not cited in Exodus 20. b. To keep it holy: In their traditions, the Jewish people came to carefully quantify what they thought could and could not be done on the Sabbath day, in order to keep it holy. i. For example, in Luke 6:1-2, in the mind of the Jewish leaders, the disciples were guilty of four violations of the Sabbath every time they took a bite of grain out in the field, because they reaped, threshed, winnowed, and prepared food. ii. Ancient Rabbis taught that on the Sabbath, a man could not carry something in his right hand or in his left hand, across his chest or on his shoulder. But he could carry something with the back of his hand, his foot, his elbow, or in his ear, his hair, or in the hem of his shirt, or in his shoe or sandal. Or, on the Sabbath, you Israelites were forbidden to tie a knot - except, a woman could tie a knot in her girdle. So, if a bucket of water had to be raised from a well, an Israelite could not tie a rope to the bucket, but a woman could tie her girdle to the bucket and pull it up from the well. iii. In observant Jewish homes today, one cannot turn on a light, a stove, or a switch on the Sabbath. It is forbidden to drive a certain distance or to make a telephone call - all carefully regulated by traditions seeking to spell out the law exactly. c. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth: God established the pattern for the Sabbath at the time of creation. When He rested from His works on the seventh day, God made the seventh day a day of rest from all our works (Genesis 2:3). But the most important purpose of the Sabbath was to serve as a shadow of the rest we have in Jesus. i. Some claim that Christians are required to keep the Sabbath today. But the New Testament makes it clear that Christians are not under obligation to observe a Sabbath day (Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11), because Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11). ii. Galatians 4:10 tells us that Christians are not bound to observe days and months and seasons and years. The rest we enter into as Christians is something to experience every day, not just one day a week - the rest of knowing we don’t have to work to save ourselves, but our salvation is accomplished in Jesus (Hebrews 4:9-10). iii. The Sabbath commanded here and observed by Israel was a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ (Colossians 2:16-17). We have a rest in Jesus that is ours to live in every day. Therefore, since the shadow of the Sabbath is fulfilled in Jesus, we are free to keep any day - or no day - as a Sabbath after the custom of ancient Israel. iv. However, though we are free from the legal obligation of the Sabbath, we dare not ignore the importance of a day of rest - God has built us so that we need one. Like a car that needs regular maintenance, we need regular rest - or we will not “wear” well. Some people are like high mileage cars that haven’t been maintained well, and it shows. v. Some Christians are also dogmatic about observing Saturday as the Sabbath as opposed to Sunday. But because we are free to regard all days as given to God, it makes no difference. But in some ways, Sunday is more appropriate; being the day Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9), and first met with His disciples (John 20:19), and a day when Christians gathered for fellowship (Acts 20:7 and 1 Corinthians 16:2). Under Law, men worked towards God’s rest; but after Jesus’ finished work on the cross, the believer enters into rest and goes from that rest out to work. vi. But we are also commanded to work six days. “He who idles his time away in the six days is equally culpable in the sight of God as he who works on the seventh.” (Clarke) Many Christians should give more “leisure time” to the work of the LORD. Every Christian should have a deliberate was to serve God and advance the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. 6. (16) The fifth commandment: honor your father and your mother. Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may be well with you in the land which the LORD your God is giving you. a. Honor your father and your mother: Honor for fathers and mothers is an essential building block for the stability and health of all society. If the younger generations are constantly at war with older generations, the foundations of society will be destroyed. i. Jesus used the way the Pharisees interpreted this commandment as an example of how one might keep the law with a limited interpretation, yet violate the spirit of the commandment (Matthew 15:3-6). b. That your days may be long: In Ephesians 6:2 Paul repeated this command, emphasizing the promise stated here: that your days may be long upon the land. Rebellion is costly, and many have paid a high price personally for their rebellion against their parents. 7. (17) The sixth commandment: You shall not murder. You shall not murder. a. You shall not murder: Some wonder how God can approve both capital punishment (Exodus 19:12) and this prohibition of murder. The simple answer is that in Hebrew as well as English, there is a distinction between to kill and to murder. As opposed to killing, murder is the taking of life without legal justification (execution after due process) or moral justification (killing in defense). b. You shall not murder: Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. He showed that it also prohibits us from hating someone else (Matthew 5:21-26), because we can wish someone dead in our hearts, yet never have the “courage” to commit the deed. Someone may not kill from a lack of courage or initiative, though his or her heart is filled with hatred. 8. (18) The seventh commandment: You shall not commit adultery. You shall not commit adultery. a. You shall not commit adultery: Recognize that the act itself is condemned. God allows no justification for the ways that many people often seek to justify extra-marital sex, such as saying “my partner doesn’t understand me” or “we are in love” or “God led us to be with each other” or any other excuse. i. Michael English, who lost his recording contract and marriage over adultery with another Christian music singer, says of his adultery and its aftermath: “Maybe God allowed this to happen to make me see I needed some freedom.” No! b. You shall not commit adultery: The New Testament clearly condemns adultery: Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication uncleanness, licentiousness . . . (Galatians 5:19). But more than the act itself, Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. It prohibits us from looking at a woman to lust for her, where we commit adultery in our heart or mind, yet may not have the courage or opportunity to do the act (Matthew 5:27-30). We aren’t innocent just because we didn’t have the opportunity to sin the way we really wanted to. 9. (19) The eighth commandment: You shall not steal. You shall not steal. a. Not steal: This command is another important foundation for human society, establishing the right to personal property. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. b. Not steal: We can also steal from God. Of course, this demands we honor God with our financial resources, so we are not guilty of robbing Him (Malachi 3:8-10). But we can also rob God by refusing to give Him ourselves for obedience and His service, because He bought us and owns us: knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold . . . but with the precious blood of Christ (1 Peter 1:18-19); For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s (1 Corinthians 6:20). c. Not steal: Ephesians 4:28 gives the solution to stealing. Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need. 10. (20) The ninth commandment: You shall not bear false witness. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. a. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: We can break the ninth commandment through slander, talebearing, creating false impressions, by silence, by questioning the motives behind someone’s actions, or even by flattery. i. “Slander . . . is a lie invented and spread with intent to do harm. That is the worst form of injury a person can do to another. Compared to one who does this, a gangster is a gentleman, and a murderer is kind, because he ends life in a moment with a stroke and with little pain. But the man guilty of slander ruins a reputation which may never be regained, and causes lifelong suffering.” (Redpath) ii. “Talebearing . . . is repeating a report about a person without careful investigation. Many, many times I have known what it is to suffer with that. To repeat a story which brings discredit and dishonor to another person without making sure of the facts, is breaking this commandment . . . How many people, especially Christian people, revel in this, and delight in working havoc by telling tales about others. To excuse the action by saying they believed the report to be true, or that there was no intention to malign, is no justification.” (Redpath) iii. What about inappropriate silence? “When someone utters a falsity about another and a third person is present who knows that statement to be untrue but, for reasons of fear or being disliked, remains quiet, that third person is as guilty of breaking this law as if he had told a lie.” (Redpath) b. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The New Testament puts it simply. Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds (Colossians 3:9) “How very strange that we have ever come to think that Christian maturity is shown by the ability to speak our minds, whereas it is really expressed in controlling our tongues.” (Redpath) i. “What a startling revelation it would be if a tape recording could be played of all that every church member has said about his fellow members in one week!” (Redpath) ii. Satan is always there to encourage a lie (John 8:44; Acts 5:3); and Jesus Himself was the victim of false witness (Mark 14:57); in some ways, we might say this was the sin that sent Jesus to the cross. 11. (21) The tenth commandment: You shall not covet. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife; and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s. a. You shall not covet: All the first nine commands focus more on things we do; the tenth deals straight with the heart and its desires. i. Literally, the word for “covet” here means “to pant after.” Covetousness works like this: the eyes look upon an object, the mind admires it, the will goes over to it, and the body moves in to possess it. Just because you have not taken the final step does not mean you are not in the process of coveting right now. b. Your neighbor’s house . . . wife . . . ox . . . donkey: Covetousness can be expressed towards all sorts of things; it is the itch to have and to possess what someone else has. It speaks of a dissatisfaction with what we have, and a jealously towards those who have something “better.” i. Hebrews 13:5 puts it well: Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” ii. This last commandment is closely connected with the first commandment against idolatry: For this you know, that no . . . covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God (Ephesians 5:5). iii. Jesus gave a special warning about covetousness, which explained the core philosophy of the covetous heart: And He said to them, “Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses.” (Luke 12:15) B. The response of Israel and the response of God at Mount Sinai. 1. (22-27) The response of Israel: shrinking fear. “These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly, in the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice; and He added no more. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. So it was, when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders. And you said: ‘Surely the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire. We have seen this day that God speaks with man; yet he still lives. Now therefore, why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the LORD our God anymore, then we shall die. For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived? You go near and hear all that the LORD our God may say, and tell us all that the LORD our God says to you, and we will hear and do it.’“ a. In the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice: The whole scene was indeed awesome: The LORD spoke; there was fire, a cloud, thick darkness, a loud voice; and it all made such an impression on Israel that they asked Moses to not have God speak to them so directly any more. i. Why should we die? . . . if we hear the voice of the LORD our God anymore, then we shall die makes it plain. The Mount Sinai experience was not one of sweet fellowship with God. The message of Mount Sinai was not “come unto Me,” but “stay away, for I am holy and you are not.” ii. This is exactly the message of the writer to the Hebrews in Hebrews 12:18-24: We, under the New Covenant, have not come to Mount Sinai and the message “stay away”; we have come to Mount Zion, where God’s message is “come unto Me.” b. Tell us all that the LORD our God says to you, and we will hear and do it: Israel was far too confident in their ability to keep the law of God. Their experience at Mount Sinai convinced them of God’s glory, but not of their own corruption and inability. 2. (28-33) God responds with hopeful pleasure in Israel. “Then the LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and the LORD said to me: ‘I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They are right in all that they have spoken. Oh, that they had such a heart in them that they would fear Me and always keep all My commandments, that it might be well with them and with their children forever! Go and say to them, “Return to your tents.” But as for you, stand here by Me, and I will speak to you all the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I am giving them to possess.’ Therefore you shall be careful to do as the LORD your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. You shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God has commanded you, that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you shall possess.” a. They are right in all they have spoken: God was pleased with Israel’s response. Their response was evidence that they took Him seriously. b. Oh, that they had such a heart: The feeling is that God liked what He saw in Israel, but “hoped” (to use a figure of speech, because God doesn’t “hope” for things the way we do) that they would keep the same attitude of heart. In fact, Israel did not keep this heart; not 40 days later they danced in worship around a golden calf. c. That it might be well with them and their children forever! This is God’s motive in calling for our obedience - that it might be well with us. Every command of God is rooted in love for us, not some obsessive desire for control, or mean-spirited attitude towards us. d. Therefore you shall be careful to do as the LORD your God has commanded you: Knowing the glory of God (as revealed at Mount Sinai) and the love of God (as revealed by His longing that it might be well with them), gave them all the more reason to obey God. i. When we have trouble obeying God, we are clearly lacking in one or both of these areas. Either we forget His glory or we forget His love for us, or we forget both of them. Deuteronomy 6 - Moses Reminds Israel of the Commandment and the Warning A. The Commandment: The essence of God’s law. 1. (1-3) Remember the commandment before entering Canaan. Now this is the commandment, and these are the statutes and judgments which the LORD your God has commanded to teach you, that you may observe them in the land which you are crossing over to possess, that you may fear the LORD your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, you and your son and your grandson, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged. Therefore hear, O Israel, and be careful to observe it, that it may be well with you, and that you may multiply greatly as the LORD God of your fathers has promised you; “a land flowing with milk and honey.” a. Now this is the commandment: The Hebrew is emphatic here. Moses called attention to The Commandment. In the following verses, God reduced the law to one ruling principle - one commandment which encompassed all the commandments. b. That your days may be prolonged . . . that it may be well with you: Israel’s fate rested on their obedience to this one great commandment. If they obeyed their commandment, their life would be long and filled with blessing. If they did not obey they could expect to be cursed by God. 2. (4-5) The great commandment: Love the LORD your God. Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one! You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. a. Hear, O Israel: In Hebrew, these verses are known as the Shema (“hear” in Hebrew). It is the classic Hebrew confession of faith, describing who God is and what our duty is towards Him. b. The LORD our God, the LORD is one! This is the essential truth about God. He is a person and not a vague pantheistic force. Being one, He cannot be represented by contradictory images. Since the LORD our God is one, He is not Baal, or Ashtoreth - He is the LORD God, and they are not. i. In the mind of many Jewish people, this verse alone disqualified the New Testament teaching that Jesus is God, and the New Testament teaching of the Trinity - that there is one God, existing in three Persons. At some times and places, as Jewish synagogues said the Shema together, and when the word one (echad) was said, they loudly and strongly repeated that one word for several minutes, as if it were a rebuke to Christians who believed in the Trinity. ii. Christians must come to a renewed understanding of the unity of God. They must appreciate the fact that the LORD is one, not three, as 1 Corinthians 8:6 says: yet for us there is one God. We worship one God, existing in three persons, not three separate gods. iii. Yet, the statement the LORD is one certainly does not contradict the truth of the Trinity. In fact, it establishes that truth. The Hebrew word for one is echad, which speaks most literally of a compound unity, instead of using the Hebrew word yacheed, which speaks of an absolute unity or singularity (Genesis 22:2 and Psalm 25:16). iv. The very first use of echad in the Bible is in Genesis 1:5: So the evening and the morning were the first day. Even here, we see a unity (one day) with the idea of plurality (made up of evening and morning). Genesis 2:24 uses echad in saying the two shall become one flesh. Again, the idea of a unity (one flesh), making a plurality (the two). In Exodus 26:6 and 11, the fifty gold clasps are used to hold the curtains together so the tent would be one (echad) - a unity (one) made up of a plurality (the many parts of the tabernacle). In Ezekiel 37:17 the LORD tells Ezekiel to join together two sticks (prophetically representing Ephraim and Judah) into one (echad), speaking again of a unity (one stick) made up of a plurality (the two sticks). There is no way that echad has the exclusive idea of an absolute singularity; the idea of One God in Three Persons fits just fine with the term echad. c. The LORD our God: In addition, even the name of God in this line suggests the plurality of God. The Hebrew word is Elohim and grammatically, it is a plural word used as if it were singular - the verbs and pronouns used with it are generally in the plural. i. Rabbi Simeon ben Joachi, commenting on the word Elohim: “Come and see the mystery of the word Elohim; there are three degrees, and each degree by itself alone, and yet notwithstanding they are all one, and joined together in one, and are not divided from each other.” Clarke adds: “He must be strangely prejudiced indeed who cannot see that the doctrine of a Trinity, and of a Trinity in unity, is expressed in the above words.” ii. Leupold quoting Luther on Elohim: “But we have clear testimony that Moses aimed to indicate the Trinity or the three persons in the one divine nature.” d. Love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might: Knowing who God is enables us to act towards Him rightly. We give Him His due. i. God wants a complete love from us. This love is appropriate because He loved us completely: We love Him because He first loved us (1 John 4:19). ii. What God most wants from us is our love. We often think God demands a hundred other things from us - our money, our time, our effort, our will, our submission, and so forth - but what God really wants is our love. When we really love the LORD with all of our heart, soul, and mind, then everything else is freely given to the LORD. If we give the LORD all the rest - money, time, effort, will, and so forth - without giving Him our love, it is all wasted - and perhaps, all is lost. iii. Jesus called this the great commandment (Matthew 22:37-38); and He said the second commandment, you shall love your neighbor as yourself, was like this first, great commandment. When we love the LORD our God with all our heart, soul, and mind, we will find it easy to love our neighbor as ourselves. 3. (6-9) The continual reminder of the Law. And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. a. These words which I command you today shall be in your heart: This great command must first be in our heart. Then it must be communicated to our children, the topic of our conversation, and should always be in front of us - as near as our hand or our forehead, as ever before us as our door posts and gates. b. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand: By the time of Jesus the Jewish people based the practice of wearing phylacteries on this passage. Phylacteries are small boxes holding parchment with scriptures on them, held to the forehead or hand with leather straps. i. Jesus condemned abuse of the wearing of phylacteries among the Pharisees; they would make their phylactery boxes large and ostentatious as a display of greater spirituality (Matthew 23:5). ii. In the end times, there will be a Satanic imitation of this practice, when the number of the Antichrist will be applied to either the hand or forehead of all who will take it (Revelation 13:16). c. You shall write them on the doorposts of your houses: This command leads to the Jewish practice of the mezuzah. This is a small container holding a passage of Scripture that is nailed to a doorpost. B. The danger of disobedience. 1. (10-12) The danger of leaving God in times of prosperity. So it shall be, when the LORD your God brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build, houses full of all good things, which you did not fill, hewn-out wells which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant; when you have eaten and are full; then beware, lest you forget the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. a. To give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build: God planned to bring Israel into an abundant, prepared land. In this abundant blessing God had for Israel, there was an inherent danger: That they would forget the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt. b. Lest you forget the LORD: This cycle would be repeated through the history of Israel, especially in the time of the Judges. God would bless an obedient Israel, and they would prosper; they would begin to set their heart on the blessings instead of the LORD who blessed them; God would allow chastisement to turn Israel’s focus back upon Him; Israel would repent and obey again, and God would again bless and obedient Israel and they would prosper. i. We usually fail to appreciate the danger of success and prosperity; we agree there is a theoretical danger in those things, but rarely think it applies to us. ii. It is just a lot easier to forget the LORD your brought you out . . . from the house of bondage when there are no circumstances forcing you to remember Him. 2. (13-19) How to avoid apostasy in times of prosperity: honoring the LORD in everything we do. You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him, and shall take oaths in His name. You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are all around you (for the LORD your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the LORD your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth. You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him in Massah. You shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, His testimonies, and His statutes which He has commanded you. And you shall do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD, that it may be well with you, and that you may go in and possess the good land of which the LORD swore to your fathers, to cast out all your enemies from before you, as the LORD has spoken. a. You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him: When we do this, the idea is not of a shrinking fear from an angry God. Instead, the idea of fear is more in the concept of an awe-filled respect, an inner repulsion at the idea of offending such a great, loving God who has done so much for us. i. This is the passage of Scripture Jesus quoted back to Satan when tempted by Satan to avoid the cross and win back the world, if He would only bow down and worship Satan. Jesus rightly replies, based on the truth You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him that it was only right to fear, and worship, and serve God - and it was wrong to bow down to Satan, no matter what might be given Him in return (Matthew 4:8-10). b. And shall take oaths in His name: although the concept of the oath in God’s name can certainly be abused (as Jesus pointed out in Matthew 5:33-37), there certainly is a permissible use of oaths by those who follow God - since God Himself uses oaths (Hebrews 6:13). Here, Israel is being told “you are to swear an oath only in the name of the LORD, not in the name of any other god.” c. You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him at Massah: In Exodus 17:1-7, Israel tempted the LORD by doubting His love and concern for them. This was tempting or testing God regarding His love for Israel, something that is not only high-handed against the LORD (because we have no right to administer a test to the Almighty) but also disregarding His previous, and constant demonstrations of love and care for Israel (by demanding that God prove His love for them now by giving them what they want). i. Anytime we deny God’s love for us, or demand He do something for us, we are testing Him as if He must answer to our standards, and tempting Him to judge us. ii. This is the passage of Scripture which Jesus quoted back to Satan in the wilderness, when tempted to make God the Father prove His love for the Son by spectacularly protecting Jesus if He should jump off the pinnacle of the temple (Matthew 4:5-7). Jesus knew it was wrong to demand this sort of “proof” from His Father, since every day was proof of God the Father’s love for the Son! d. And you shall do what is right . . . that it may be well with you: This theme is constantly repeated. Under the Old Covenant, Israel’s blessing was based on their obedience. When they obeyed they would be blessed; when they disobeyed they would be cursed. i. This is not the source of blessing in the New Covenant. In the New Covenant, we are blessed by faith in Jesus, since He fulfills the law in our place (Romans 8:3-4). The watchwords for blessing under the Old Covenant were earning and deserving; under the New Covenant, blessing comes by believing and receiving. ii. The New Covenant system works because when we receive the New Covenant, God sends with it an inner transformation, where the law of God and the desire to do His will is now written on our hearts. Through the New Covenant, God makes us “safe” for His grace by this inner transformation. iii. Under the New Covenant there is no judgment from God for our disobedience, because all the judgment we deserved was put upon Jesus at the cross. However, there may be correction from the hand of a loving God the Father (not in the sense of making us pay for our sin, but in the sense of training us not to continue in sin), and there are the natural consequences of our disobedience, which God has not promised to shield us from. iv. Christians who fear the “freedom” of a New Covenant relationship with God must ask this question: did Israel come to great obedience to God through the Old Covenant? Does the system of earning and deserving blessing make us truly more godly than the system of believing and receiving? Or does it leave us either in total desperation (where one can then look to Jesus), or in total pride in our own works before God (as were the religious leaders of Jesus’ day who had a significant hand in crucifying Him)? 3. (20-25) How to avoid apostasy in times of prosperity: Teach your children to understand and honor the LORD. When your son asks you in time to come, saying, “What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes, and the judgments which the LORD our God has commanded you?” then you shall say to your son: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand; and the LORD showed signs and wonders before our eyes, great and severe, against Egypt, Pharaoh, and all his household. Then He brought us out from there, that He might bring us in, to give us the land of which He swore to our fathers. And the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that He might preserve us alive, as it is this day. Then it will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments before the LORD our God, as He has commanded us.” a. When your son asks you in time to come: Often, the apostasy which comes from prosperity afflicts the next generation more than the present. They grow up expecting such prosperity and blessing, without understanding the repentance and walk with God which led to the prosperity. b. Then you shall say to your son: Therefore, it was essential for Israel to teach and warn their children, so that the blessings given to one generation would not become a curse to the next generation. i. Key to the teaching was the simple recounting of Israel’s testimony - how God saved them from the bondage of Egypt. Parents need to relate to their children how they came to a personal relationship with Jesus, so the children understand that they must come to the same relationship. c. It will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments: If one will obtain true righteousness through the law, it is simple (though not easy): observe all the commandments. But if you are lacking in observing any commandment, then you need the atonement of a Perfect Sacrifice - Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Deuteronomy 7 - Commands to Conquer and Obey A. The Conquest of the Canaanites is commanded. 1. (1-5) The command to completely destroy the Canaanites and their culture. When the LORD your God brings you into the land which you go to possess, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you, and when the LORD your God delivers them over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. Nor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; so the anger of the LORD will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly. But thus you shall deal with them: you shall destroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images, and burn their carved images with fire. a. When the LORD your God: Israel wasn’t in the land yet, but Moses still instructed them as if it were a certainty. This was based on the faithful promise of God, but it was also according to His principle of preparation. God prepares us before He brings us into a place. b. Greater and mightier than you: “Sure,” Moses said, “the Canaanite nations are greater and mightier than you. But they are not greater and mightier than God.” God brought Israel to face a challenge that was impossible in their own strength - but entirely possible in Him. c. When the LORD your God delivers them over to you: Not “if,” but when. God could be counted on. d. You shall conquer them and utterly destroy them: Yet, God would not do it all for them. The extent of the work would depend on their faithful response to what God would do. i. Utterly destroy them . . . nor show mercy to them: This principle of battle until absolute victory is the key to victory as we take the Promised Land of blessing and peace God has for us in Jesus. We show no mercy to our enemies in the land, but we destroy them utterly. Many of us, truth be told, simply do not want to completely destroy the sins which keep us from God’s Promised Land of blessing and peace - we want to weaken them, and have some control over them, but we do not want to utterly destroy them. e. Destroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images, and burn their carved images: We are especially to destroy anything which would lead us into a false or foreign worship. i. This radical, complete destruction was important because of the depraved nature of the worship of the Canaanites, who worshipped male and female gods of sex and who practiced human sacrifice with their own children. 2. (6-8) Conquer them completely because the LORD loves you. For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; but because the LORD loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. a. For you are a holy people to the LORD your God: Israel was holy in their standing before God before they were holy in their conduct. They were set apart unto God by His choosing (God has chosen you to be a people for Himself), and were then called to live as chosen people. b. The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number: As much as anything, their election meant the LORD set His love on them. Their motivation for such a total obedience was to be that they knew they were loved by God. i. This is the great motivation for obedience: knowing and walking in the love of God. When we really believe God loves us, and live with that belief as a conscious fact, we find it so much easier to obey - and to utterly destroy anything that would damage that relationship of love. 3. (9-11) Conquer them completely because you serve a God of justice. Therefore know that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments; and He repays those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He will not be slack with him who hates Him; He will repay him to his face. Therefore you shall keep the commandment, the statutes, and the judgments which I command you today, to observe them. a. He repays those who hate Him to their face: Over many generations the Canaanites had demonstrated their hatred for God, Now, using Israel as His instrument, God will repay them with judgment. B. Blessing on an obedient Israel. 1. (12-16) Abundant blessings for obedience. Then it shall come to pass, because you listen to these judgments, and keep and do them, that the LORD your God will keep with you the covenant and the mercy which He swore to your fathers. And He will love you and bless you and multiply you; He will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flock, in the land of which He swore to your fathers to give you. You shall be blessed above all peoples; there shall not be a male or female barren among you or among your livestock. And the LORD will take away from you all sickness, and will afflict you with none of the terrible diseases of Egypt which you have known, but will lay them on all those who hate you. And you shall destroy all the peoples whom the LORD your God delivers over to you; your eye shall have no pity on them; nor shall you serve their gods, for that will be a snare to you. 2. (17-24) Have confidence in God’s strength. If you should say in your heart, “These nations are greater than I; how can I dispossess them?”; you shall not be afraid of them, but you shall remember well what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt: the great trials which your eyes saw, the signs and the wonders, the mighty hand and the outstretched arm, by which the LORD your God brought you out. So shall the LORD your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid. Moreover the LORD your God will send the hornet among them until those who are left, who hide themselves from you, are destroyed. You shall not be terrified of them; for the LORD your God, the great and awesome God, is among you. And the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you little by little; you will be unable to destroy them at once, lest the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. But the LORD your God will deliver them over to you, and will inflict defeat upon them until they are destroyed. And He will deliver their kings into your hand, and you will destroy their name from under heaven; no one shall be able to stand against you until you have destroyed them. a. You shall not be afraid of them, but you shall remember well what the LORD your God did: Their recollection of God’s faithfulness in the past would give them hope for their current struggle. b. You will be unable to destroy them at once: God would go before Israel and fight for them (the great and awesome God, is among you) but He would not drive all the enemies out at once. Perhaps Israel wanted the land all cleared out before them, but God knew it was not best for the land or for them. c. Lest the beast of the field become too numerous for you: The way easiest for Israel was for God to clear all Israel’s enemies out at once. But this easy way had consequences Israel could not see or appreciate. d. Little by little: Sometimes to our frustration, this is the way God often works in our life. He clears things away little by little even though we might prefer it all at once. But God wanted Israel to grow spiritually in the process of taking the Promised Land. i. Doing it all at once might seem easier and better to us, but will have consequences we cannot see or appreciate. God cares that we grow, and so He grows us little by little. 3. (25-26) Do not share in their abominations. You shall burn the carved images of their gods with fire; you shall not covet the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, lest you be snared by it; for it is an abomination to the LORD your God. Nor shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be doomed to destruction like it. You shall utterly detest it and utterly abhor it, for it is an accursed thing. Deuteronomy 8 - A Warning Against Pride A. God’s work of building humility in Israel during the wilderness wanderings. 1. (1-2) God humbled and tested Israel. Every commandment which I command you today you must be careful to observe, that you may live and multiply, and go in and possess the land of which the LORD swore to your fathers. And you shall remember that the LORD your God led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you and test you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not. a. Every command . . . you must be careful to observe: God called Israel to a complete obedience. This obedience was to be based on remembering what the LORD had done among them in the wilderness. b. To humble you: God humbled Israel. He brought them to a place where all they could do was depend on Him. They had nothing else, and no one else to count on. i. Some think that God’s work of humbling is accomplished just by bringing us into a humble place. But it is where our heart is while we are in the humble place that God is really concerned about. We may be in a humble place, but longing for something different. We may believe that God owes something different to us, and we will soon get it. Instead, God wants us to be content in the humble place He puts us. c. And test you: God tested Israel. It was not because He didn’t know their hearts, but because they didn’t know their hearts. We have to constantly be corrected of our over-estimation of ourselves. 2. (3-5) God’s education of Israel in the wilderness. So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD. Your garments did not wear out on you, nor did your foot swell these forty years. You should know in your heart that as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you. a. So He humbled you: All of God’s education begins here. Some never even make it past this first essential step. If we are not humble and not teachable, there is then no point to the rest of any of God’s education. b. Allowed you to hunger, and fed you manna: The next grade of God’s education is total dependence on the LORD. Israel had to rely on God beyond their own knowledge (which you did not know), and beyond their own ability. c. That He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone: In the negative, this was the lesson God wanted them to learn. In the positive, they had to learn that man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD. Sadly, many still live by bread alone, living only for material things, for what can be bought or sold or earned or possessed materially. i. This statement is a command; but it is also a simple statement of fact: man shall not live by bread alone. You may exist by material things alone, but you will not live. Anyone thinking they live for bread alone is actually one of the living dead. ii. Some don’t live by God’s word because they fight with God’s word: “The worst impliment with which you can knock a man down, is the Bible; it is intended for us to live upon, - not to be the weapon of our controversies, but our daily food, upon which we rejoice to live.” (Spurgeon) iii. We live by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God, not by every feeling we experience. “You have never received spiritual life by your own feelings. It was when you believed God’s Word that you lived; and you will never get an increase of spiritual life, and grow in grace, by your own feelings or your own doings. It must still be by your believing the promises and feeding on the Word.” (Spurgeon) iv. It is the word of God that is our food and substance, and not our own dreams or imaginations. If you are more excited about some dream or vision than you are about God’s word, then something is wrong. The prophet who has a dream, let him tell a dream; And he who has My word, let him speak My word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat?” says the LORD. (Jeremiah 23:28) v. We live by every word: “In places where they cut diamonds, they sweep up the dust, because the very dust of diamonds is valuable; and in the Word of God, all the truth is so precious that the very tiniest truth, if there be such a thing, is still diamond dust, and is unspeakably precious.” (Spurgeon) vi. Find life in every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD! “Oh, keep to the Word, my brothers! Keep to it as God’s Word, and as coming out of his mouth. Suck it down into your soul; you cannot have too much of it. Feed on it day and night, for thus will God make you to live the life that is life indeed.” (Spurgeon) 3. (6-10) Blessings in the land for Israel. Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God, to walk in His ways and to fear Him. For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and springs, that flow out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing; a land whose stones are iron and out of whose hills you can dig copper. When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you. a. Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God: If Israel would put their focus on every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD, then the LORD would take care of all the material things - and bring them into a materially abundant land. i. God is not against material things - except when they come between us and Him. God wanted to materially bless a spiritually obedient Israel. ii. “The reference to iron and copper in the hills is remarkably exact. Ancient copper mines and smelters have been discovered in recent years in the Arabah below the Dead Sea, and geological survey has demonstrated the presence of ores of copper and iron in the nearby hills.” (Thompson) b. Then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you: This is the simple principle of Matthew 6:33 - But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. B. A warning against pride. 1. (11-17) The danger of pride in the blessed life. Beware that you do not forget the LORD your God by not keeping His commandments, His judgments, and His statutes which I command you today, lest; when you have eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them; and when your herds and your flocks multiply, and your silver and your gold are multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied; when your heart is lifted up, and you forget the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage; who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock; who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end; then you say in your heart, “My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.” a. Beware that you do not forget the LORD your God by not keeping His commandments: When everything this fine and our lives are filled with abundance, it is not hard to have our hearts lifted up. We can easily forget the LORD Himself and forget it was all His work on our behalf. b. My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth: This is rarely said with the lips; it is said instead in the heart. It is easier to say “God did it” or “It’s all the blessing of the LORD” than it is to really mean these words in the heart. 2. (18) The correcting principle against pride in the blessed life. And you shall remember the LORD your God, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day. a. Remember the LORD your God: In times of abundance, it is easy to forget the LORD, or to at least no longer seek Him with the urgency we once had. b. It is He who gives you power to get wealth: We often thinking highly of our own hard work and brilliance. Yet we must see that God gives us the body, the brain, and the talent. It is all of God. c. That He may establish His covenant: This reminds us why God has blessed us. His plan is that it would ultimately further His eternal purpose. Therefore we have no right to use our material blessing to further selfish purposes; instead, we use our resources to advance His kingdom. 3. (19-20) The penalty of pride in the blessed life. Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the LORD your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish. As the nations which the LORD destroys before you, so you shall perish, because you would not be obedient to the voice of the LORD your God. a. I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish: Moses loved Israel, but he loved God more. Without hesitation, he would take the witness stand against a disobedient, proud Israel - and warn them before God that they will surely perish because of their pride and disobedience. b. As the nations which the LORD destroys before you, so shall you perish: Israel would be tempted to look at the nations being judged in front of them, and to think, “We’re better than them, so we are safe. God would never deal with us that way.” But God would deal with them that way if they rose up in pride against Him. c. So you shall perish: Pride is the greatest danger in the Christian life. It is the most Satanic of sins, because it was by pride that Satan himself fell. Satan prizes a proud believer over the most notorious sinner, because he looks at the proud believer and says, “Now there’s a man just like me!” i. Pride of face is obnoxious; pride of race is vulgar; but the worst pride is the pride of grace.

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28. Exodus 19-20:20 (Israel Meets God at Mount Sinai & God Gives Ten Commandments to Moses)

Exodus 19-20:20 (Israel Meets God at Mount Sinai & God Gives Ten Commandments to Moses)

Exodus 19 - The Nation of Israel Comes to Mount Sinai A. Coming to the Mountain. 1. (1-2) Israel camps at Mount Sinai. In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain. a. They came to the Wilderness of Sinai: It took them three months of trusting God to get to this place, but they finally arrived. They saw God's deliverance from Egypt, received His guidance on the way to go, saw His glorious victory at the Red Sea, received God's miraculous gifts of food and water, and they saw a prayerful victory won over the Amalekites. i. Israel stayed in the Wilderness of Sinai until Numbers 10. More than 57 chapters of Scripture are devoted to what happened to Israel in the year they camped at Mount Sinai. ii. "The word conventionally translated 'wilderness' is not a sandy desert, but grazing country, not settled by man." (Cole) b. So Israel camped there before the mountain: In one sense, all that went before was meant to bring them to this place. This was the beginning of the fulfillment of what God said in Exodus 3:12: this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain. i. Sinai was the place where Moses met God at the burning bush. The whole nation of Israel would soon experience some of what Moses did at the burning bush. Moses could lead them to this mountain for this experience because he had already been there. The people could not go farther than their leader. ii. If the traditional site of Mount Sinai looks like anything, it looks like a huge pulpit - a sudden, steep outcropping of mountain out in the wilderness. Here, God preached one of the most dramatic sermons ever heard. iii. Yet there is good reason to believe that the traditional site of Mount Sinai - on the Sinai Peninsula - is not the correct location of the mountain where all this came to pass. · According to Exodus 2:15, 3:1, and 3:12 this mountain was in the region of Midian, which was on the east side of the Gulf of Aqaba, east of the Sinai Peninsula. The ancient land of Midian is in the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. · In Galatians 4:25, the Apostle Paul clearly described Mount Sinai as being in Arabia. Though some claim that this can also be understood as extending to the Sinai Peninsula, this isn't the normal understanding of where Arabia is, either in the modern or the ancient understanding. · There is significant evidence - both historic and archaeological - to associate the Arabian mountain Jebel al-Lawz with the site of Mount Sinai. 2. (3-4) God reminds Israel of His great power and care for them. And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, "Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 'You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself.'" a. Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain: Moses, led by God, went up on the mountain to meet with God as he had before - and the LORD spoke to Moses again. b. Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob: With this title God associated the nation with the weakest and least stable of the patriarchs. At this point they acted more like Jacob than like Abraham or Isaac. c. You have seen what I did to the Egyptians: God gave a message to Israel through Moses, a message regarding His purpose and destiny for Israel. This destiny was based on what God already did for them in the great deliverance from Egypt. d. I bore you on eagles' wings: An eagles' wings are strong and sure; but they also speak of careful protection. It is said that an eagle does not carry her young in her claws like other birds; the young eagles attach themselves to the back of the mother eagle and are protected as they are carried. Any arrow from a hunter must pass through the mother eagle before it could touch the young eagle on her back. i. "This metaphor is developed most extensively in Deuteronomy 32:11, where the loving compassion, protection, strength, and watchfulness of God is compared with the majestic bird's attributes." (Kaiser) e. And brought you to Myself: The deliverance (I bore you on eagles' wings) was for fellowship (brought you to Myself). God didn't deliver Israel so they could live apart from God, but so they could be God's people. 3. (5-6) God reveals His plan and destiny for Israel. "'Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel." a. If you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant: God would soon make a formal covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai. Before He did, He revealed what He wanted to do to for an obedient Israel. i. Before God called Israel to keep His law, He commanded them to "keep My covenant." The covenant was greater than the law itself. The covenant God made with Israel involved law, sacrifice, and the choice to obey and be blessed or to disobey and be cursed. b. Then you shall be a special treasure to Me: God intended for Israel to be a special treasure unto Him. He wanted them to be a people with a unique place in God's great plan, a people of great value and concern to God. It wasn't as if God ignored the rest of the world (for all the earth is mine), but that He was determined to use Israel to reach the earth. i. The Apostle Paul also wanted Christians to know how great a treasure they were to God; he prayed they would know what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints (Ephesians 1:18). ii. "Where his treasure is, there is a man's heart. If it is in ships on the treacherous sea, he tosses restlessly on his bed, solicitous for its safety. If it is in fabrics, he guards against moth; if in metal, against rust and thieves. And is Christ less careful for his own?" (Meyer) c. You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests: God intended for Israel to be a kingdom of priests, where every believer could come before God themselves, and as a group they represented God to the nations. i. "The whole nation was to act as mediators of God's grace to the nations of the earth." (Kaiser) "God's 'particularist' choice of Israel has a wider 'universalist' purpose." (Cole) ii. Peter reminds us we are a royal priesthood (1 Peter 2:9), those who serve God as both kings and priests (and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, Revelation 1:6). d. And a holy nation: God intended for Israel to be a holy nation, a nation and people set apart from the rest of the world, the particular possession of God, fit for His purposes. i. Peter reminds us we are a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9). As God's people, we must be set apart, thinking and doing differently than the flow of the world in general. 4. (7-9) The people agree to obey the covenant. So Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all these words which the LORD commanded him. Then all the people answered together and said, "All that the LORD has spoken we will do." So Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD. And the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I come to you in the thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever." So Moses told the words of the people to the LORD. a. Laid before them all these words which the LORD commanded him: The people are later challenged to receive the covenant again, after they heard its terms, and they received it again (Exodus 24:1-8). i. Here they said, "All that the LORD has spoken we will do." "Their answer was sincere, but it was ignorant." (Morgan) Later they would say it again, in an even more formal arrangement (Exodus 24:1-8). ii. "Even so with us. We say, 'All that Jehovah hath spoken we will do,' and we fail. But God never fails. He waits and pursues His own way of grace and government." (Morgan) b. Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD: Moses here acted as a true priest, as an intermediary between God and the people. Yet God spoke audibly to Moses (that the people may hear when I speak with you) so everyone would know that it was really God speaking to Moses. 5. (10-13) God commands that His holy presence on Sinai be respected. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes. And let them be ready for the third day. For on the third day the LORD will come down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. You shall set bounds for the people all around, saying, 'Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. Not a hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or shot with an arrow; whether man or beast, he shall not live.' When the trumpet sounds long, they shall come near the mountain." a. Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow: God was going to appear to Israel in a spectacular way; and before this could happen, the people had to prepare themselves. b. You shall set bounds for the people all around: As God promised to reveal Himself on Sinai He told Israel, Stay away. There were boundaries that could not be crossed. Israel had to keep distance behind a barrier, and the penalty for failing to keep their distance was death (shall surely be put to death). i. Not a hand shall touch him: Any person or animal killed for getting too close would be regarded as so unholy they could not even be touched, they had to be executed with a stones or arrows. ii. If there is anything basic to human nature, it is that we need boundaries. In setting these boundaries and providing the death penalty for breaching them, God showed Israel that obedience is more important than their feelings. We don't doubt that some bold Israelites felt like going beyond the boundaries, but they were to submit their feelings to obedience. c. When the trumpet sounds long: The people could only come near at God's invitation, and the trumpet signaled that the invitation was open. At the sounding of the trumpet they could come up to the boundaries, but not beyond them. 6. (14-15) Commands for ceremonial purity and cleanliness. So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes. And he said to the people, "Be ready for the third day; do not come near your wives." a. Sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes: The people immediately prepared for the revelation of God that was promised for the third day. b. Be ready for the third day: The meeting with God could only come at the third day. God promised to reveal Himself on the third day, and they had to wait for it. c. Do not come near your wives: The rest of the Scriptures do not teach that there is any inherent uncleanness in sexual relations. This command was peculiar for this event. In this situation, God wanted the people to demonstrate their desire for purity by putting on clean clothes and restraining desires, even legitimate desires. i. "Men must come before God with the best preparation they can get." (Trapp) B. God's presence on the mountain. 1. (16-19) God's terrifying presence on Mount Sinai. Then it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. a. Thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud: These signs of power and glory signaled the presence of God. The whole environment spoke of God's presence in a terrifying sense. b. The sound of the trumpet was very loud: What Israel saw and felt in the thunder, lightning, the cloud, the smoke, and the earthquake was terrifying; but each of these are natural (though frightening) phenomenon. Yet the sound of the trumpet did not come from the camp, but from heaven itself. No wonder that all the people who were in the camp trembled. c. Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God: At the sound of the trumpet, Moses led the people up to the barrier at the base of Mount Sinai, where they could see, smell, hear, and virtually taste the fire which covered the mountain - as well as feel the earth shake under their feet when the whole mountain quaked greatly. d. When the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder: In the midst of all this, the sound of the trumpet blast became longer and louder and longer and louder, until Moses spoke to God, and God answered him by voice. Collectively, Israel heard the Lord God speak from Mount Sinai in an audible voice. 2. (20) Moses goes up on Mount Sinai to the immediate presence of God. Then the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the LORD called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. a. Then the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain: God came in a special presence to Mount Sinai, ready to meet with Moses as a representative of the whole nation of Israel. b. And Moses went up: God came down, and Moses went up. As the people trembled in terror at the foot of the mountain, Moses needed courage to go to the top and meet with God. It took courage for Moses to go up in the midst of all the thunder, lightning, earthquakes, fire, and smoke. i. Yet Moses knew God not only in terms of this awesome power, but also in terms of His gracious kindness. 3. (21-25) God tells Moses to go back down and warn the people again about respecting the holiness of His presence on Sinai. And the LORD said to Moses, "Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to gaze at the LORD, and many of them perish. Also let the priests who come near the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them." But Moses said to the LORD, "The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai; for You warned us, saying, 'Set bounds around the mountain and consecrate it.'" Then the LORD said to him, "Away! Get down and then come up, you and Aaron with you. But do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, lest He break out against them." So Moses went down to the people and spoke to them. a. Go down and warn the people: Those who through rebellion, curiosity, or simple daring presumed to go up on the mountain would perish. The glory and greatness of God wasn't to be a matter subjected to scientific inquiry or a way to prove one's own manhood. b. The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai: Just because God called Moses and Aaron up did not mean there was an open invitation for the whole nation to meet with God on Mount Sinai. c. Do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD: The whole idea at Sinai was exclusion. Exodus 19 describes the awe and fear each Israelite must have felt at Mount Sinai. It is easy to think that this alone inspired them to a holy lifestyle. i. Many today feel we need to get more of the thunder and fire and trembling of Mount Sinai into people as a way of keeping them from sin. Yet, not forty days from this, the whole nation would have an orgy around a golden calf, praising it as the god that brought them out of Egypt. ii. "Awe is one thing: the submission of the will is another." (Chadwick) Israel had plenty of awe, but little submission of their will. iii. Hebrews 12:18-24 says clearly that under the New Covenant we come to a different mountain, that our salvation and relationship with God is centered at Mount Zion, not Mount Sinai. · Sinai speaks of fear and terror, but Zion speaks of love and forgiveness. · Sinai is in a dry desert, but Zion is the city of the Living God. · Sinai, with all its fear and power is earthly; but the Mount Zion we come to is heavenly and spiritual. · At Sinai, only Moses could come and meet God; at Zion, there is an innumerable company, a general assembly. · Sinai had guilty men in fear, but Zion has just men made perfect. · At Sinai, Moses is the mediator, but at Zion, Jesus the mediator. · Sinai put forth an Old Covenant, ratified by the blood of animals; Zion has a New Covenant, ratified by the blood of God's precious Son. · Sinai was all about barriers and exclusion; Zion is all about invitation. · Sinai is all about Law, Zion is all about grace. iv. Therefore, we shouldn't come to Zion as if coming to Sinai. We must put away our hesitation and get bold in coming to God. Even so, there is much for us to learn at Mount Sinai. We learn of God's holy requirements and what we have to do before we can come to Him. In a similar manner to those at Mount Sinai, there are things we must to do meet with God. · We must receive God's word · We must be set apart · We must be cleansed · We can only come after the third day · We must respect God's boundary · We must restrain the flesh · We must know we come to a holy God v. "Reader, art thou still under the influence and condemning power of that fiery law which proceeded from his right hand? Art though yet afar off? Remember, thou canst only come nigh by the blood of sprinkling; and till justified by his blood, thou are under the curse. Consider the terrible majesty of God. If thou have his favour thou hast life; if his frown, death. Be instantly reconciled to God, for though thou hast deeply sinned, and he is just, yet he is the justifier of him that believeth in Christ Jesus. Believe on him, receive his salvation; OBEY his voice indeed, and KEEP his covenant, and THEN shalt thou be a king and a priest unto God and the Lamb, and be finally saved with all the power of an endless life. Amen." (Clarke) Exodus 20 - The Ten Commandments A. Four commandments regarding our conduct before God. 1. (1) Preface to the Ten Commandments. And God spoke all these words, saying: a. And God spoke: It is proper to believe that God spoke these words to Israel as a whole, as they assembled together at the foot of Mount Sinai. There, God answered him [Moses] by voice (Exodus 19:19), as Moses stood among the people at the foot of Mount Sinai. i. "These commandments were after all addressed to the ordinary Israelite, not to the religious elite of the day: they are expressed in strong simple terms, understandable to all, and deal with the temptations of the common man, not of the theologian." (Cole) ii. After this, the people asked that God not speak with them directly, and that Moses be the messenger (Exodus 20:18-19). After this, Moses went back up the mountain to receive more revelation from God for the people (Exodus 20:21). iii. In reading and thinking through these commandments, it should be always remembered that Israel first heard these commands spoken by God from heaven in an audible voice. This made the strongest, most authoritative impression upon the people possible. b. God spoke all these words: The following laws were not invented at Mount Sinai. A few aspects of the Mosaic Law show new revelation, but for the most part it simply clearly and definitely lays out God's law as it was written in the heart of man since the time of Adam. i. "It is wrong to steal, or murder, or covet, not primarily because these sins are forbidden by the Decalogue. They are forbidden by the Decalogue, because they were previously forbidden by conscience; and they are forbidden by conscience because they are forbidden by the nature of things; and the nature of things is God." (Meyer) ii. "It has been well said that the commandments are God's nature expressed in terms of moral imperatives." (Cole) iii. In his book The Abolition of Man, C.S. Lewis explained how there certainly is a universal morality among men. He gave concrete examples of how all cultures in the past were able to agree on the basics of morality because these principles are implanted in the heart and mind of mankind. iv. All cultures have said murder is wrong, and kindness is good. All agree that we have particular obligations to our family. All say that honesty is good and that a man cannot have any woman he wants. They agree that stealing is wrong and that justice is good. There are no cultures where cowardice is good and bravery is bad. c. God spoke all these words: This God-based moral code set the God of Israel - the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob - apart from the commonly worshipped gods of the pagan world at that time. They were often just as immoral or more immoral than their human followers. i. The God-based moral code also established that this people, this nation of Israel belonged to God and not to Moses. This wasn't Moses' law (though we often casually refer to it as such). Rather, God spoke all these words, and Moses nor any other man was never to think of himself our allow others to think of him as above the law. God was above all, and His law was and is the expression of His will. ii. The Code of Hammurabi is another well-known set of laws and principles from this same approximate period. There are some similarities between the Ten Commandments/Mosaic Law and the Code of Hammurabi, but the differences are even more profound. While Hammurabi mentions the gods of Babylon, the emphasis is clearly on him as the king and lawgiver (with divine authority, of course). The Code of Hammurabi begins with page after page of how wonderful Hammurabi is and how much he has accomplished. Hammurabi is clearly above his own law, since he was the embodiment of the law. Not so with Moses; the emphasis is clear: God spoke all these words, and no man is above the law. d. God spoke all these words: We need God to morally instruct and guide us. Though these principles resonate with the human conscience (both individually and collectively), they are certainly not the only influence upon our thinking and behavior. We need to know that there is a God in heaven who expects certain moral behavior and that there are consequences from obeying or disobeying these commands. i. The Ten Commandments (and all of the Law of Moses that follows) is a God-based moral code. It doesn't just say that certain behavior is unwise or unhelpful; it says that God commands us to do or not do certain things, and it either says or implies that: · God sees our obedience or disobedience. · God measures our obedience or disobedience. · God, in some way, rewards our obedience and punishes our disobedience. ii. Without a God-based moral code, it is difficult or impossible to answer the question "Why?" in response to any moral demand. iii. The idea of a God-based moral code seems to become less and less popular. While the idea of a moral code remains strong, the tendency grows that the moral code should be based on an individual's inner sense of right or wrong, good or bad - and not upon a standard set by God. iv. There is a persistent impulse to make one's own moral code, apart from God or His revelation. In the late 1980s, media mogul Ted Turner suggested replacing the Ten Commandments with his own "10 Voluntary Initiatives." Mr. Turner's list is conspicuous in its failure to mention God or religion in any way. These were Mr. Turner's Voluntary Initiatives: 1. I promise to have love and respect for the planet earth and living things thereon, especially my fellow species--humankind. 2. I promise to treat all persons everywhere with dignity, respect, and friendliness. 3. I promise to have no more than two children, or no more than my nation suggests. 4. I promise to use my best efforts to save what is left of our natural world in its untouched state and to restore damaged or destroyed areas where practical. 5. I pledge to use as little nonrenewable resources as possible. 6. I pledge to use as little toxic chemicals, pesticides, and other poisons as possible and to work for their reduction by others. 7. I promise to contribute to those less fortunate than myself, to help them become self-sufficient and enjoy the benefits of a decent life, including clean air and water, adequate food and health care, housing, education, and individual rights. 8. I reject the use of force, in particular military force, and back United Nations arbitration of international disputes. 9. I support the total elimination of all nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons of mass destruction. 10. I support the United Nations and its efforts to collectively improve the conditions of the planet. e. God spoke all these words: The Bible tells us that the law is holy, just, and good (Romans 7:12). It tells us that every good and perfect gift comes from God (James 1:17). These commandments are good gifts that came to Israel and humanity at Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are good because: · They show the wise moral guidance and government of God. · They answer the need of mankind for moral guidance and government. · They give us a way to teach morality. · They would make the world so much better if obeyed. · They are good for all humanity; some of the Law of Moses is specific unto Israel, but the Ten Commandments are universal. · They are good when they are promoted and held as ideals, even when they are not perfectly obeyed. i. "The 'ten words' are at once the beginning and the heart of the Mosaic revelation." (Cole) f. God spoke all these words: It is important for us to know, understand, receive, and obey all of these commandments in a fully Biblical perspective, also taking into account what the rest of the Book of Exodus the New Testament also tells us about the law of God. i. The Ten Commandments were never given with the thought that one might earn heaven by obeying them all perfectly or adequately. The covenant God made with Israel at Mount Sinai was much bigger than the law, though that was its first and perhaps most dramatic aspect. Another aspect of the covenant was sacrifice, which was given because both God and Israel knew that it was impossible for them to keep this law perfectly, and they must depend on the sacrifice of an innocent victim as a substitute for the guilty law-breaker. In this sense, the Ten Commandments were like a mirror that showed Israel their need for sacrifice. ii. These Ten Commandments can also be summarized as Jesus did in Matthew 22:35-40: Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?" Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets." This simplification doesn't eliminate the Ten Commandments; it fulfills them, showing us the heart and desire of God for His people. The problem is that we haven't kept the two commandments either, much less the ten. iii. More importantly, we know that Jesus Himself was the only one to ever keep the law perfectly - either in the ten or the two. He never needed to sacrifice for His own sin, so could be the perfect sacrifice for our sin. Wonderfully, His obedience is credited to those who put their love and trust in Him. Romans 8:2-3 puts it this way: For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. This is God's amazing promise to those who repent and believe on Jesus. iv. The law is a schoolmaster to us (Galatians 3:22-25). Before God's plan of salvation in Jesus Christ was fully evident, we were kept under guard by the law - both in the sense of being bound by the law, but also held in protective custody. The law, through its revelation of God's character and its exposure of our sin, prepares us to come to Jesus - but after we have come, we no longer have to live under our tutor (though we remember the behavior he has taught us). v. From the perspective of the entire Bible, we can say that the law of God has three great purposes and uses: · It is a guardrail, keeping humanity on a moral path. · It is a mirror, showing us our moral failure and need for a savior. · It is a guide, showing us the heart and desire of God for His people. vi. "The great message of the Christian faith is, therefore, that we are free from the Law's condemnation in order that we may be able to fulfill its obligation by the power of [Jesus] within us." (Redpath) vii. "My obedience therefore is not legal, but inspired by love and empowered by God's Holy Spirit. Does New Testament grace allow a lower standard than Old Testament law? The standard under grace is higher." (Redpath) viii. The Ten Commandments are often organized into two groups. The first four focus on our conduct toward God, and the next six on our conduct toward one another. 2. (2-3) The first commandment: no other gods before Me. "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me." a. I am the LORD your God: In the ancient world (including Egypt), men worshipped many gods. Here Yahweh (the LORD), the covenant God of Israel, set Himself apart from any of the other supposed deities. i. In these first few words, God both reminded and taught Israel essential facts or principles about who He is, about His nature. · God is above nature; He is not merely the personification of fire, or the wind, or the sun, or the sky, or any other created thing. · God is personal; He is not a depersonalized force; He relates with and communicates to man in an understandable way. God has a mind, a will, a voice, and so forth. · God is good; He had done good for Israel and now does good for them in giving these commands, the keeping of which not only pleases Him, but is genuinely best for humanity. · God is holy; He is different than the supposed gods of the pagans, and He therefore also expects His people to be different. ii. It seems that the structure of these commands and covenant were familiar in the ancient world. "Most scholars point to the similarity between this historical prologue (followed by its stipulations, witnesses, and provisions for succession) and the great suzerain-vassal treaty forms of the ancient Near East." (Kaiser) b. Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage: Before God commanded anything of Israel He reminded them what He had done for them. This was a clear foundation: because of who God is, and what He has done for us, He has the right to tell us what to do - and we have the obligation to obey Him. i. "God did not promulgate a code of laws for the children of Israel, while they were in bondage, telling them that if they would obey it, He would deliver them. He brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, and then gave them His law." (Morgan) ii. "God's blessings are binders; every deliverance is a tie to obedience." (Trapp) c. You shall have no other gods before Me: The first commandment logically flowed from understanding who God was and what He had done for Israel. Because of that, nothing was to come before God and He was the only God we worship and serve. i. In the days of ancient Israel, there was great temptation to worship the gods of materialism (such as Baal, the god of weather and financial success) and sex (such as Ashtoreth, the goddess of sex, romance, and reproduction), or any number of other local deities. We are tempted to worship the same gods, but without the old-fashioned names and images. ii. It has been said (perhaps first by John Calvin) that human nature is like an idol factory that operates constantly. We constantly deal with the temptation to set all kinds of things before or competing with God and His preeminent place in our life. d. No other gods before Me: This does not imply that it is permissible to have other gods, as long as they line up behind the true God. Instead the idea is that there are to be no other gods before the sight of the true God in our life. According to Cole, before Me is literally, To My face. i. This means God demands to be more than added to our lives. We don't just add Jesus to the life we already have. We must give Him all our life. ii. Failure to obey this commandment is called idolatry. We are to flee idolatry (1 Corinthians 10:14). Those lives marked by habitual idolatry will not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Ephesians 5:5, Revelation 21:8, 22:15). Idolatry is a work of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-20), which marks our old life instead of the new (1 Peter 4:3), and we are not to associate with those who call themselves Christians who are idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11). 3. (4-6) The second commandment: You shall not make for yourself any carved image…you shall not bow down to them. "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments." a. You shall not make for yourself a carved image: The second commandment prohibited not only idolatry regarding false gods (overlapping with the first commandment), it also forbids with making an image of any created thing that we might worship (you shall not bow down to them nor serve them). i. Some take this command to prohibit any kind of representation of God, such as with a painting of Jesus or a picture of a dove to represent the Holy Spirit, or any other representation. However, others emphasize that the prohibition is actually in the making of an image that would be or would likely be worshipped (you shall not bow down to them nor serve them). ii. Speaking later of Israel's experience at Sinai, Moses wrote: And the LORD spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard the sound of the words, but saw no form; you only heard a voice (Deuteronomy 4:12). This established the principle that the worship of God was to be word-based and not image-based. b. Or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath: In that day as well as in our own, worship was tied closely with images - idealized images, or even images in the mind of man. God will not allow us to depict Him with any such image, nor replace Him with another image. i. The second commandment doesn't forbid making an image of something for artistic purposes; God Himself commanded Israel make images of cherubim (Exodus 25:18, 26:31). It forbids the making of images as an aid or help to worship. "If the making of cherubim was permitted, then the prohibition of the 'image' will refer only to the making of direct objects of worship." (Cole) ii. "To countenance its image worship, the Roman Catholic Church has left the whole of this second commandment out of the decalogue, and thus lost one whole commandment out of the ten; but to keep up the number they have divided the tenth into two." (Clarke) iii. In John 4:24 Jesus explained the rationale behind the second commandment: God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. The use of images and other material things as a focus or help to worship denies who God is (Spirit) and how we must worship Him (in spirit and truth). iv. Paul reminded us of the danger and futility of trying to make God into our own image: Professing to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man; and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things. (Romans 1:22-23) c. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God: God is jealous in the sense that He will not accept being merely added to the life; He insists on being supreme, and does this out of love. i. "God's jealousy is love in action. He refuses to share the human heart with any rival, not because He is selfish and wants us all for Himself, but because He knows that upon that loyalty to Him depends our very moral life…God is not jealous of us: He is jealous for us." (Redpath) ii. " 'Zealous' might be a better translation in modern English, since 'jealousy' has acquired an exclusively bad meaning." (Cole) d. Visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me: This does not mean God punishes people directly for the sins of their ancestors. The important words are of those who hate Me. If the descendants love God, they will not have the iniquity of the fathers visited on them. i. "'This necessarily implies - IF the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty." (Clarke) ii. "Children who repeat the sins of their father evidence it in personally hating god; hence they too are punished like their fathers." (Kaiser) iii. Yet, the focus here is on idolatry, and this refers to judgment on a national scale - nations that forsake the LORD will be judged, and that judgment will have effects throughout generations. e. But showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments: It's possible for everyone to receive God's mercy; if they will only turn to Him in love and obedience. 4. (7) The third commandment: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. "You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain." a. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: There are at least three ways this command is commonly disobeyed. · Profanity: Using the name of God in blasphemy and cursing. · Frivolity: Using the name of God in a superficial, stupid way. · Hypocrisy: Claiming the name of God but acting in a way that disgraces Him i. Jesus communicated the idea of this command in the disciples' prayer, when He taught us to have a regard for the holiness of God's name (Hallowed be Your name, Matthew 6:9). b. For the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain: The strength of this command has led to strange traditions among the Jewish people. Some go to extreme measures to avoid violating this command, refusing to even write out the word God, in the fear that the paper might be destroyed and the name of God be written in vain. 5. (8-11) The fourth commandment: Remember the Sabbath day. "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it." a. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: The command is to respect the seventh day (Saturday) as a day of rest (you shall do no work). This rest was for all of Israel - for the son and the servant and the stranger - even including cattle. i. This is an important principle that might be too easily passed over. Here God declared the essential humanity and dignity of women, slaves, and strangers, and said they had the same right to a day of rest as the free Israeli man. This was certainly a radical concept in the ancient world. ii. "The baser sort of people in Sweden do always break the Sabbath, saying that it is for gentlemen to keep that day." (Trapp) b. To keep it holy: God commanded Israel - and all humanity - to make sure that there was sacred time in their life, separated time of rest. i. In their traditions, the Jewish people came to carefully quantify what they thought could and could not be done on the Sabbath day, in order to keep it holy. For example, in Luke 6:1-2, in the mind of the Jewish leaders, the disciples were guilty of four violations of the Sabbath every time they took a bite of grain out in the field, because they reaped, threshed, winnowed, and prepared food. ii. Ancient Rabbis taught that on the Sabbath, a man could not carry something in his right hand or in his left hand, across his chest or on his shoulder. But he could carry something with the back of his hand, his foot, his elbow, or in his ear, his hair, or in the hem of his shirt, or in his shoe or sandal. Or on the Sabbath Israelites were forbidden to tie a knot - except, a woman could tie a knot in her girdle. So, if a bucket of water had to be raised from a well, an Israelite could not tie a rope to the bucket, but a woman could tie her girdle to the bucket and pull it up from the well. iii. In observant Jewish homes today, one cannot turn on a light, a stove, or a switch on the Sabbath. It is forbidden to drive a certain distance or to make a telephone call - all carefully regulated by traditions seeking to spell out the law exactly. c. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth: God established the pattern for the Sabbath at the time of creation. When He rested from His works on the seventh day, God made the seventh day a day of rest from all our works (Genesis 2:3). It's as if God said, Having too much to do isn't an excuse from taking the rest you need - I created the universe and found time to rest from My work. i. When God told them to remember the Sabbath, He told them to remember the rest. "The term 'Sabbath' is derived from the Hebrew verb 'to rest or cease from work.'" (Kaiser) The most important purpose of the Sabbath was to serve as a preview picture of the rest we have in Jesus. ii. Like everything in the Bible, we understand this with the perspective of the whole Bible, not this single passage. With this understanding, we see that there is a real sense in which Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11) - He is our rest, when we remember His finished work we remember the Sabbath, we remember the rest. iii. Therefore, the whole of Scripture makes it clear that under the New Covenant, no one is under obligation to observe a Sabbath day (Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11). Galatians 4:10 tells us that Christians are not bound to observe days and months and seasons and years. The rest we enter into as Christians is something to experience every day, not just one day a week - the rest of knowing we don't have to work to save ourselves, but our salvation is accomplished in Jesus (Hebrews 4:9-10). iv. The Sabbath commanded here and observed by Israel was a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ (Colossians 2:16-17). In the New Covenant the idea isn't that there is no Sabbath, but that every day is a day of Sabbath rest in the finished work of God. Since the shadow of the Sabbath is fulfilled in Jesus, we are free to keep any particular day - or no day - as a Sabbath after the custom of ancient Israel. v. Yet we dare not ignore the importance of a day of rest - God has built us so that we need one. Like a car that needs regular maintenance, we need regular rest - or we will not wear well. Some people are like high mileage cars that haven't been maintained well, and it shows. vi. Some Christians are also dogmatic about observing Saturday as the Sabbath as opposed to Sunday. But because we are free to regard all days as given by God, it makes no difference. But in some ways, Sunday is more appropriate; being the day Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9), and first met with His disciples (John 20:19), and a day when Christians gathered for fellowship (Acts 20:7 and 1 Corinthians 16:2). Under Law, men worked towards God's rest; but after Jesus' finished work on the cross, the believer enters into rest and goes from that rest out to work. vii. But we are also commanded to work six days. "He who idles his time away in the six days is equally culpable in the sight of God as he who works on the seventh." (Clarke) Many Christians should give more "leisure time" to the work of the LORD. Every Christian should have a deliberate way to serve God and advance the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. B. Six commandments regarding our conduct before God and man. 1. (12) The fifth commandment: Honor your father and your mother. "Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the LORD your God is giving you." a. Honor your father and your mother: This command is wise and good, because honor for parents is an essential building block for the stability and health of all society. If the younger generations are constantly at war with older generations, the foundations of society will be destroyed. i. To honor one's parents includes to prize them, to care for them, and to show respect or reverence to them. The command is given to children, but not for only while they are children. "This is not a popular doctrine in our modern world, where youth is worshipped, and old age dreaded or despised. The result is the folly by which men or women strive to remain eternally youthful, only to find it an impossible task." (Cole) ii. Jesus used the way the Pharisees interpreted this commandment as an example of how one might keep the law with a limited interpretation yet violate the spirit of the commandment (Matthew 15:3-6). b. That your days may be long: In Ephesians 6:2 Paul repeated this command, emphasizing the promise stated here, that your days may be long upon the land. Rebellion is costly, and many have paid a high price personally for their rebellion against their parents. i. "A good child lengtheneth his father's days; therefore God promiseth to lengthen his." (Trapp) 2. (13) The sixth commandment: You shall not murder. "You shall not murder." a. You shall not murder: In Hebrew as well as in English there is a distinction between to kill and to murder. As opposed to killing, murder is the taking of life without legal justification (execution after due process) or moral justification (killing in defense). i. "Only two words are used in Hebrew, as blunt as the order 'no killing' would be in English." (Cole) ii. Kaiser on rasah: "Hebrew possesses seven words for killing…If any one of the seven words could signify 'murder,' where factors of premeditation and intentionality are present, this is the verb." (Kaiser) iii. This important distinction explains how someone can quite consistently argue for the principle of capital punishment and the prohibition of murder. When carried out properly, capital punishment is killing with legal justification. b. You shall not murder: Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. He showed that it also prohibits us from hating someone else (Matthew 5:21-26), because we can wish someone dead in our hearts, yet never have the nerve to commit the deed. Someone may not kill from a lack of courage or initiative, yet his or her heart is filled with hatred. 3. (14) The seventh commandment: You shall not commit adultery. "You shall not commit adultery." a. You shall not commit adultery: Clearly, the act itself is condemned. God allows no justification for the ways that many often seek to justify extra-marital sex. It is not to be done, and when it is done it is sin and it damages. i. "For a man to have intercourse with another man's wife was considered as heinous sin against God as well as man, long before the law, in patriarchal times (Genesis 39:9)." (Cole) ii. Because there are different punishments for adultery (Deuteronomy 22:22) and the seduction of a virgin woman (Exodus 22:16-17, Deuteronomy 22:23-29), adultery is distinguished from pre-marital sex in the Old Testament. Each is wrong, but wrong in sometimes-different ways. iii. Some years ago there was a Christian music industry singer named Michael English. He lost his recording contract and marriage over adultery with another Christian singer. Afterward he said of his adultery and its aftermath: "Maybe God allowed this to happen to make me see I needed some freedom." No! b. You shall not commit adultery: The New Testament clearly condemns adultery: Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication uncleanness, licentiousness…(Galatians 5:19). The act is condemned, but not only the act itself. i. More than the act itself, Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. It prohibits us from looking at a woman to lust for her, where we commit adultery in our heart or mind, yet may not have the courage or opportunity to do the act (Matthew 5:27-30). We aren't innocent just because we didn't have the opportunity to sin the way we really want to. ii. "As to the word adultery, adulterium, it has probably been derived from the words ad alterius torum, to another's bed; for it is going to the bed of another man that constitutes the act and the crime." (Clarke) 4. (15) The eighth commandment: You shall not steal. "You shall not steal." a. Not steal: This command is another important foundation for human society, establishing the right to personal property. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. b. Not steal: We can also steal from God. Of course, this demands we honor God with our financial resources, so we are not guilty of robbing Him (Malachi 3:8-10). But we can also rob God by refusing to give Him ourselves for obedience and His service, because He bought us and owns us: knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold…but with the precious blood of Christ (1 Peter 1:18-19) i. 1 Corinthians 6:20 gives the same idea: For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's. c. Not steal: Ephesians 4:28 gives the solution to stealing. Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need. 5. (16) The ninth commandment: You shall not bear false witness. "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." a. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The primary sense of this command has to do with the legal process. Yet it is common to speak in an informal court, where what we say is taken seriously and truth or error matters for us and for others. i. In an extended sense, we can break the ninth commandment through slander, tale bearing, creating false impressions, by silence, by questioning the motives behind someone's actions, or even by flattery. ii. "Slander…is a lie invented and spread with intent to do harm. That is the worst form of injury a person can do to another. Compared to one who does this, a gangster is a gentleman, and a murderer is kind, because he ends life in a moment with a stroke and with little pain. But the man guilty of slander ruins a reputation which may never be regained, and causes lifelong suffering." (Redpath) iii. "Talebearing…is repeating a report about a person without careful investigation. Many, many times I have known what it is to suffer with that. To repeat a story which brings discredit and dishonor to another person without making sure of the facts, is breaking this commandment…How many people, especially Christian people, revel in this, and delight in working havoc by telling tales about others. To excuse the action by saying they believed the report to be true, or that there was no intention to malign, is no justification." (Redpath) iv. Inappropriate silence may also break this command. "When someone utters a falsity about another and a third person is present who knows that statement to be untrue but, for reasons of fear or being disliked, remains quiet, that third person is as guilty of breaking this law as if he had told a lie." (Redpath) v. "Neither bear it, nor hear it; raise, nor receive wrong reports of another; [do not] make a lie, nor love it when it is made." (Trapp) b. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The New Testament puts it simply. Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds (Colossians 3:9). Lying and false representations belong to the old man, not to the new life we have in Jesus. i. "How very strange that we have ever come to think that Christian maturity is shown by the ability to speak our minds, whereas it is really expressed in controlling our tongues." (Redpath) ii. "What a startling revelation it would be if a tape recording could be played of all that every church member has said about his fellow members in one week!" (Redpath) iii. Satan is always there to encourage a lie (John 8:44; Acts 5:3); and Jesus Himself was the victim of false witness (Mark 14:57); in some ways, we might say this was the sin that sent Jesus to the cross. 6. (17) The tenth commandment: You shall not covet. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's." a. You shall not covet: All the first nine commands focus more on things we do; the tenth deals straight with the heart and its desires. i. Literally, the word for covet here means, to pant after. "Hebrew hamad, 'desire', is in itself a neutral word. It is only when misdirected to that which belongs to another that such 'desire' becomes wrong." (Cole) ii. Covetousness works like this: the eyes look upon an object, the mind admires it, the will goes over to it, and the body moves in to possess it. Just because you have not taken the final step does not mean you are not in the process of coveting right now. b. Your neighbor's house…wife…ox…donkey: Covetousness can be expressed towards all sorts of things; it is the itch to have and to possess what someone else has. It speaks of a dissatisfaction with what we have, and a jealously towards those who have something better. i. Hebrews 13:5 puts it well: Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, "I will never leave you nor forsake you." ii. This last commandment is closely connected with the first commandment against idolatry: For this you know, that no… covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God (Ephesians 5:5). iii. Jesus gave a special warning about covetousness, which explained the core philosophy of the covetous heart: And He said to them, "Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one's life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses." (Luke 12:15) C. The nation's great fear of the presence of God. 1. (18) The people stand afar off. Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. a. All the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning: Awesome sights and sounds came from Mount Sinai together with the speaking of the law. All of the phenomenon together made for an overwhelming scene. i. Lightning flashes: "The word here is unusual and might be translated 'torches', meaning 'flashes' or 'fireballs'. This is the same word used for the symbol of God's presence that Abraham sees at the making of God's covenant with him (Genesis 15)." (Cole) ii. The mountain smoking: Deuteronomy 5:23 explains why the mountain smoked; it says the mountain was burning with fire. b. They trembled and stood afar off: The awe of all the phenomenon did nothing to draw the people closer to God; it only made them stand afar off. 2. (19) The request of the people. Then they said to Moses, "You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die." a. Let not God speak with us: One might think that Israel loved the dramatic experience at Mount Sinai, and especially the honor of hearing God's voice like a loudspeaker from heaven. Instead, because of the great awe and dread they felt, they wanted God to stop speaking to them directly. i. Biblically speaking, an up-close encounter with God could just as often be troubling as it might be comforting. Israel could not see, feel, and hear this much from God and not at the same time be acutely aware that He is perfect and holy and they were not. ii. This is a typical reaction of those who came into the presence of God, such as Isaiah who felt undone before God (Isaiah 6:1-5) and John who fell as a dead man before the Lord (Revelation 1:17). iii. "What Israel dreaded, Moses coveted (Exodus 33:18)." (Cole) b. You speak with us, and we will hear: The people promised to hear and (by implication) obey the word of God that came to them by Moses. They failed in this promise, both soon after this and in the longer term. i. In following generations, Israel interpreted the law downward so it could be more easily obeyed, removing the heart and intent of the law. Jesus exposed this shallow understanding of the law in His Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:17-48). This progressed to the point where Saul of Tarsus could say and mean of himself, concerning the righteousness which is in the law, [I was counted] blameless (Philippians 3:6). c. Let not God speak with us, lest we die: In drawing back from direct dealing with God, Israel wanted Moses to be their mediator, fearing death if they did not have a mediator. i. Man's desire for a mediator - someone to act as a go-between with us a God - is only good if it is fulfilled in Jesus Christ, for there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 2:5). 3. (20) The purpose for this fear. And Moses said to the people, "Do not fear; for God has come to test you, and that His fear may be before you, so that you may not sin." a. Do not fear; for God has come to test you: The people of Israel wanted to separate themselves from the manifest presence of God, but God meant it for good to test them. · The test revealed to them what kind of God they served: a God above nature, personal, good, and holy. · The test revealed to them what God's expectations were, that God is a moral God who expects moral behavior from His people. · The test revealed to them their own weakness and need for God's grace, help, and rescue. b. That His fear may be before you: This distinguishes between two kinds of fear. Do not fear speaks of the tormenting fear that comes from both guilt and danger. That His fear may be before you speaks of the attitude of honor and reverence that leads to respect and obedience. i. "Fear not. And yet fear." (Trapp) ii. Though it is better to obey God out of fear than to disobey Him, God's ultimate motivation for obedience is love. This is clear from 1 John 4:18-19: There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love. We love Him because He first loved us. c. So that you may not sin: Israel did not learn this lesson well. In approximately 40 days they danced around a gold calf with both idolatry and immorality (Exodus 32).

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29. Fabrizio Parisi - Deep Emotions 4

Fabrizio Parisi - Deep Emotions 4

Worldwide booking for Fabrizio Parisi: [email protected] Fabrizio Parisi - Deep Emotions 4 www.fabrizioparisi.com www.facebook.com/FabrizioParisiofficial/ http://www.youtube.com/c/fabrizioparisiofficial Artists: Peyton,Kamaura,Kadebostany,Ahmet KILIC,Dj Tarkan,Chromeo,Alice Merton,Samuele Sartini,Jax Jones,Ina Wroldsen,Dj DMC,Drake,Asher,Midi Culture,Pade,Ibiza Sound Machine,Mr Monj,Julia Turano,Mani Lapussh,Bob Sinclar,Max Oazo,Cami,G-Heazy & Halsey,Tove Lo,Max Pavlov,Disciples,Moon Willis,Jason Juliar,Lost Frequencies,Zonderling,Mr Belt,Wezol,David Guetta,Martin Garrix,Brooks,Cachi,Dstar 1.Peyton & Kamaura - Carry You(Kamaura Club Mix) 2.Kadebostany - Save Me(Liva K Remix) 3.Chromeo - Juice(Purple Disco Machine Remix) 4.Alice Merton - No Roots(Samuele Sartini ReTouch) 5.Jax Jones feat Ina Wroldsen - Breathe(Dj DMC Remix) 6.Drake - God's Plan(Asher Remix Cover) 7.Midi Culture & Pade - The Olive(Extended) 8.Ibiza Sound Machine - Say My Name(Extended) 9.Mr Monj,Julia Turano - Uninvited(Original Mix) 10.Mani Lapussh,Bob Sinclar - Turn Me On 11.Max Oazo ft Cami - What is Love 12.G-Heazy & Halsey - Him & I(Asher Remix) 13.Tove Lo vs Max Pavlov & NO Hopes - Disco Tits 14.Disciples - Jealousy(Moon Willis & Jason Juliar)

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30. Stg.fm #116 - Deep & House 22

Stg.fm #116 - Deep & House 22

Listen, enjoy and stay tuned! DOWNLOAD --> http://bit.ly/2FKQ7QE Tracklist: 01. Philip George, Saint Raymond - Losing My Mind (Apexape Remix) 02. Purple Disco Machine - Drumatic (Original Mix) 03. Life & Roland Clark - This Ain't Freedom (Extended Mix) 04. Blame Mate - Hood Habit (Original Mix) 05. FISHER (OZ) - Ya Didn't (Original Mix 06. DJ Rae - Work On Me (Original Mix) 07. Disciples - Jealousy (Jaden Thompson Remix) 08. Hector Couto - Groover (Original Mix) 09. ATFC & David Penn - Hipcats (Extended Mix) 10. Fatboy Slim - Right Here Right Now (CamelPhat Remix) 11. Stephen Nicholls - Skies The Limit 12. Mark Knight & Tuff London - Jus Come (Original Mix) Visit our Facebook and Website! facebook.com/soulfreakkollektiv stgfm.pl/soulfreak-kollektiv

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31. Sunsetters Podcast EP 004 - Disko Pigg (Funky/Tech House)

Sunsetters Podcast EP 004 - Disko Pigg (Funky/Tech House)

Disciples- They Don’t Know Gershon Jackson- Huggin & a Luvin (Chocolate Puma Remix) Purple Disco Machine- My House (Original Mix) Mark Knight- Your Love (Original Club Mix) Jax Jones- You Don’t Know Me ft. RAYE Disciples- Jealousy (Jaden Thompson Remix) Kevin Knapp- Survivor Camelphat & Elderbrook- Cola Rudamental & The Martinez Brothers- No Fear (Ft Donna Missal) Tale Of Us- Oltre La Vita (SCP Introspection) Oliver Huntemann- Rotlicht Avalon Emerson- One More Fluorescent Rush The Tribe Of Good- Loving You Baby (Weiss Remix) Anabel Englund- Rising (Original Mix) Endian- Finish Me Denis Sulta- Our World (With A Boy On It’s Shoulders) Nu & Jo Ke- Who Loves The Sun (Original Mix) Sam Paganini- Rave (Original Mix) Andy Himself- 1 Ina Million

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32. Individual Session #07 Mixed By Ricky Castelli

Individual Session #07 Mixed By Ricky Castelli

Individual Session #07 Mixed By Ricky Castelli This Month you can expect to hear cuts from the likes of Ricky Castelli. Ricky Castelli support his latest release on Individual. (Widar ft Cleo Higgins - Enough (Ricky Castelli Rmx)); Tracklisting: 01.Yves Murasca, Rosario Galati, Chasing Kurt - THE LIGHT [Kittball] 02.Keinen Music (Rampa & Adam Port & &Me) - Muyé [Keinemusik] 03.Widar ft. Cleo Higgins - Enough (Ricky Castelli Rmx) [Individual Music] 04.Gorgon City - Primal Call [REALM] 05.Mabel feat. Kojo Funds - Finders Keepers (Melé Remix) [POLYDOR] 06.Robosonic feat. Son Little - Drowning (Djuma Soundsystem Remix) [GET PHYSICAL] 07.Disciples - Jealousy (TCTS Remix) [PARLOPHONE (WARNER)] 08.Riton & MNEK & The House Gospel Choir - Deeper [MINISTRY OF SOUND] 09.Nils Hoffmann feat. Forrest. - Bloom [KITTBALL] 10.Tim Engelhardt feat. Forrest - Eyes Closed (Tim Green Remix) [POKER FLAT] 11.Tough Love feat. A*M*E - Closer To Love [GET TWISTED] 12.Kora - Caddo [SOL SELECTAS] 13.CamelPhat & Elderbrook - Cola [DEFECTED] FREE DOWNLOAD ON ITUNES : https://itunes.apple.com/it/podcast/individual-musics-podcast/id1090168063?mt=2 Join Us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/individualmusicrec Follow Us on Twitter: http//www.twitter.com/Individualrec

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33. Spiritual Gospel. Week 10. Jesus and John the Baptist...Again (3.22–36)

Spiritual Gospel. Week 10. Jesus and John the Baptist...Again (3.22–36)

Sometimes the timing of our assigned text and the experiences of real life coincide quite nicely. This week, the text addresses the jealousy of John's disciples at the emergence of Jesus' ministry. Though the contexts are quite different, Josh uses the story to address some of his own issues. the restoration project. Joshua James. 18 November 2018

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34. 2017 Mix

  • Published: 2017-12-01T04:03:21Z
  • By Dr Drej
2017 Mix

Some of my favorite tracks that from this year. Brought the best and put in a little for everybody Cola (Mousse T's Glitterbox Mix) - Camelphat & Elderbrook Real Life -Duke Dumont & Gorgon City Nothing Better - Chris Lake & Chris Lorenzo Jealousy (TCTS Remix) - Disciples House & Pressure - Route 94 Stronger (Camelphat Dark Dub) - Clean Bandit Boom Boom - Cut Snake Operator (Ring Ring) Ft. Dances With White Girls - Chris Lake Booty Percolatin (Original Mix) - Will Clarke Higher - Shadow Child Bang 2 Drum - CamelPhat & Mat.Joe La La Land (Prok & Fitch Sweet Sixteen Remix) - Green Velvet Renegate Masta - Wasabi You Might Be ft. Lils (Bijou Remix) - Autograf Tokyo - Wax Motif Boom - Tiesto & Sevenn

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35. I'm sorry

  • Published: 2017-04-25T05:09:35Z
  • By pash
I'm sorry

Featuring ID's from tchami x taiki nulight, bothworlds, and myself. Girl, I'm sorry Check out the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y212JSrvDAs ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ TRACKLIST ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ ⇊ Mo Vibez — Difference Roy Woods — Jealousy w/ Destructo Ft. Problem — Winning (Taiki Nulight Remix) Pash — HOLLUP [Exclusive] Candyland & Zak Waters — Not Coming Down (Tchami Remix) [Exclusive] Shapeshifter — Stars (Taiki Nulight Remix) [Exclusive] Wild Culture — Get Over Tchami ft. Taiki Nulight — ID BOTHWORLDS — FEEL IT [Exclusive] Disciples — They Dont Know BOTHWORLDS — BAD [Exclusive] Lana Del Ray — Ultraviolence (Disciples Remix)

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36. fake ID mixtape

fake ID mixtape

a bumpy mixtape for your night-out needs ;) Fake ID - Riton & Kah Lo (TK bby Edit) Red Cup - Dakar ft. Solo Tamas Sneeze - HNNY (Justin Jay's Edit of an Edit) Jump N Shout - Basement Jaxx (Erik Hagleton Remix) Baiana - Barbatuques (David Fesser Remix) Jealousy - Disciples (TCTS Remix) Patience - Pell (Chris Lake Remix) All For the Gram - Walker & Royce, Sophiegrophy Love Is the Weapon - Go Freek (Cut Snake Remix) Daddy - Born Dirty ft. Sirah Deceiver - Chris Lake & Green Velvet Fo Free - OMNOM Laffy Taffy - D4L (Justin Jay's Halloween Edit)

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37. Karen x Pure House (TS-1 Live Mix)

  • Published: 2018-10-16T23:26:06Z
  • By TS-1
Karen x Pure House (TS-1 Live Mix)

#1 In Bottles (feat. Aurora) - Kölsch #2 Drifting (feat. Spencer Nezey) [Sonny Fodera Remix] - Lee Foss & Lee Curtiss #3 Cola - CamelPhat & Elderbrook #4 17 (In the Air Dub) - MK #5 Down (Franky Ricardo Mix) - Marian Hill #6 Jaydee - Detlef #7 Jealousy (Jaden Thompson Remix) - Disciples #8 Love Blaggers - Jack Swaffer & Richey Profond #9 A-Run-A-Row - DJ S.K.T. & Idris Elba #10 Sweat (On the Walls) [Franky Ricardo Remix] - John Tejada #11 Cold Heart - Dusky #12 Pasilda (Erick Morillo Remix) - Afro Medusa #13 Good Time - Amine Edge & Dance

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38. Podcast November

  • Published: 2017-10-27T18:20:18Z
  • By waughers
Podcast November

MK “17” Nvoy “ Make you mine” Manuel Grandi “Evil woman” Gorgon City “Primal call” Jessie Ware “Alone” Disciples “Jealousy” Riton “Deeper” Booka Shade “Deeper” CamelPhat and Elderbrook “M.A.N.D.Y” Dusky “Square miso” The XX “On hold” S’Express “Theme from S’Epresss” London Grammar “Hell to the liars: Michael Jackson “Thriller”

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39. Top #DJMAGFR du dimanche 12 novembre 2017

  • Published: 2017-11-15T09:13:42Z
  • By DJMAGFR
Top #DJMAGFR du dimanche 12 novembre 2017

Dimanche 12 novembre sur Fun Radio, le Top DJ Mag a mis à l'honneur les 3 titres suivants : 1. NGHTMRE ‘No Coming Down’ L’Américain confirme tout son talent avec ce nouveau track bien posé et moins agressif qu’à l’habitude. 2. N’TO ‘The Hound’ Co-fondateur du label Hungry Music avec Worakls, N’to lâche une petite merveille de deep progressive mélodique. 3. DISCIPLES ‘Jealousy’ Le collectif anglais révélé par Calvin Harris livre une nouvelle bombe entre 2 Step et House, co- écrite avec Ina Wroldsen. Délicieux !

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