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1. Minimal Techno remix #1[click "buy" for free download full 320kb]

Minimal Techno remix #1[click

minimal techno track free 01. Jack Back Feat. David Guetta, Nicky Romero, Sia - Wild One Two (Original Mix) 02. Ivan Gough & Feenixpawl feat. Georgi Kay - In My Mind (Axwell Mix) 03. Nicky Romero - Generation 303 (Original Mix) 04. Madeon - Icarus (Original Mix) 05. Bingo Players - L'Amour (Original Mix) 06. Claptone - Cream (Original Mix) 07. Qulinez - Troll (Original Mix) 08. TJR - Funky Vodka (Original Mix) 09. Skrillex & The Doors - Breakn' A Sweat (Zedd Remix) 10. Sander Van Doorn - Chasin' (Original Mix) 11. David Jones - E Samba (Club Mix) 12. David Jones - Heya (Original Mix) 13. Larry Gee - Yo Mamma (Original Mix) (Cut) 14. Starkillers & Dmitry KO - Don't Hold Back (Original Mix) 15. Zenbi - Double Trouble (Stefano Noferini Remix) 16. Hard Rock Sofa - Quasar (Original Mix) 17. Datsik, Kill The Noise - Lightspeed (Original Mix) 18. Otto Knows - Million Voices (Original Mix) 19. Afrojack, Shermanology - Can't Stop Me (Club Mix) 20. Antillas feat. Fiora - Damaged (Main Mix) 21. Wolfgang Gartner - There And Back (Original Mix) 22. Seamus Haji, Cevin Fisher - I Love The Music (Manuel De La Mare, Alex Kenji Remix) 23. Laidback Luke, Arno Cost & Norman Doray – Trilogy (Original Mix) 24. Adam Port - Someone To Love (Original Mix) 25. Nari & Milani vs Maurizio Gubellini - Up (Instrumental) 26. Adana Twins - Everyday (Original Mix) 27. Joe Garston - That's What She Said (Original Mix) 28. Huxley - Let It Go (Original Mix) 29. Coldplay - Charlie Brown (Dave Aude Remix) 30. Tuccillo & Kiki Navarro feat. Amor - Lovery (Original Mix) 31. Mat's Mattara feat Rockman - Let's Party (Instrumental Mix) 32. Lifelike & Kris Menace - Discopolis (David Jones Remix) 33. Mario Ochoa - The Indian Express (Original Mix) 34. DubVision - All By Myself (Original Mix) 35. Disco Stu & John Monkman - Don't Have To Be Beautiful (Original Mix) 36. Gel Abril & Andrea Oliva - Scene (Original Mix) 37. Pirupa - Party Non Stop (Vocal) 38. Sebastien Drums, Niles Mason - French Rules (Muzzaik Remix) 39. Btsound - Sunshine (Federico Scavo Remix) 40. Peruz, Mat's Mattara - Mono (Mat's Mattara, Peruz Mix) 41. Tommy Trash - Cascade (Original Mix) 42. Richard Grey - Lady (Federico Scavo Remix) 43. Luigi Rocca & Manuel De La Mare - Opa-Locka (Original Club Mix) 44. Pavel Petrov - Koral (Metodi Hristov Remix) 45. Mowgli Feat. Amber Jolene - Back In The Day (Original Mix) 46. Noisia - Diplodocus (Kill The Noise Remix) 47. Feed Me - One Click Headshot (Original Mix) 48. Sian, Mladen Tomic - Front Pocket (Nicole Moudaber Remix) 49. DJ PP, Silversix - Fucking Amazing (Original Mix) 50. John Dahlback - Life (Original Mix) 51. Nari & Milani vs. Maurizio Gubellini - Slash (Original Mix) 52. Kellerkind - Backflash (Original Mix) 53. Crazibiza - Hard (Original Mix) 54. Zedd - Stars Come Out (Datsik Remix) 55. Claptone - Good To You (Original Mix) 56. Claude VonStroke, Jaw - Le Fantome (Original Mix) 57. Addy Van Der Zwan, Hithouse, Jerry Beke - Jack To The Sound Of The Underground 2012 (Addy van der Zwan, Jerry Beke Mix) 58. Nicky Romero - Toulouse (Original Mix) 59. Maetrik - The Reason (Original Mix) 60. Jay Lumen - The Drummer (Original Mix) 61. Stefano Noferini - Airscape (Original Mix) 62. Macromism - Rave nu world (Original Mix) 63. Gareth Emery Feat. Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (Original Mix) 64. Todd Terje - Inspector Norse (Original Mix) 65. Trent Cantrelle - Night Like This (Original Mix) 66. Elef - Tales Of 88 (Huxley Remix) 67. Adana Twins - Strange (Original Mix) 68. Laura Jones - Inner Place (Original Mix) 69. Pan-Pot & G-Tech - Gravity (Original Mix) 70. David Jones - Gigolo (Les Bijoux Remix) 71. Coldplay - Paradise (Fedde Le Grand Remix) 72. Thugfucker, Tale Of Us, Life And Death - Morgana (Original Mix) 73. Rene Amesz & Ruell - Hope (Original Club Mix) 74. Firebeatz - Where's Your Head At (Original Mix 75. Dani Casarano, Felipe Valenzuela, Demian Muller - Hole In The Middle (Original Mix) 76. Hardwell - Spaceman (Original Version) 77. Rebel - Hearing Voices (Original Mix) 78. Mousse T - Horny (Radio Slave, Thomas Gandey Just 17 Mix) 79. Mr Bizz - Bamboo (Original Mix) 80. Louie FRESCO - So Good (Original Mix) 81. Uner - Cocoua (Original Mix) 82. Knife Party - Internet Friends (Original Mix) 83. Jay Lumen - Whatever You Want (Original Mix) 84. Mat Zo - Bipolar (Original Mix) 85. Roger Sanchez, Sidney Samson - Flashing Lights (Kid Massive Remix) 86. 501 - Headrush feat. Belle Humble (Original Mix) 87. Mark Fanciulli - Sacrifice (Original Mix) 88. Robbie Rivera (feat. JES) – Turn It Around (Robbie Rivera's Juicy Beach Mix) 89. Die & Break - Grand Funk Hustle (Original Mix) 90. Gavin Herlihy - Witching Hour (Original Mix) 91. Avesta - Arena (Original Mix) 92. Zedd - Slam The Door (Original Mix) 93. Lucky Date - I Want You (Original Mix) 94. Umek - Sunday at El Row (Original Mix) 95. Stereo Express - Shadoorack (Original Mix) 96. Paul Thomas & Weekend Heroes - Morena (Original Mix) 97. Neuroxyde & Sisko Electrofanatik - Funkalistic (Original Mix) (Cut) 98. Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat Of Arms Mix) 99. Chuckie - Together (Original Club Mix) 100. Pachanga Boys - Time (Orginal Mix) 1. Nico Dacido & Chrome - Propan (Original Mix) [7:33] 2. Makarov - Give It A Beat [4:7] 3. Spark Taberner & Oliver Kucera - Anoxic Zone [6:13] 4. Perr0 - L!ke That [11:33] 5. Popperman - Enola Gay [5:3] 6. Minitronix & Funky Brize - Out Of Space (Original Mix) [6:52] 7. Alex Brick - Cricis [4:18] 8. Vincent Dacosta - Atmosphere [5:24] 9. Eugene Navatta - Devil Inside (Original Mix) [10:30] 10. Pasquale Maassen - Zypameth [6:45] 11. Alexander Kvitta - Annunaki [6:18] 12. Onassis - At War (Dj T. A. G. Remix) [5:43] 13. Basscraft - Night Rush 2.0 [6:6] 14. Aston Martinez - Seduction (Mixx Labs Remix) [6:5] 15. Dj Emeriq - She Likes It [8:15] 16. Zippie - The Other Face [8:56] 17. Patrice W. - Stop Talking (Teequ Remix) [6:23] 18. Schrei Leben - Looking Monsters (Original Mix) [6:36] 19. Richard Hanno - Land Of The Free (Original Mix) [8:8] 20. Jmix - White Widow [8:16] 21. Benny Lehmann - Booster (Original Mix) [4:37] 22. Slavo Mir - Cultum Deum (Original Mix) [8:32] 23. Freshbass - Rainbow Fixing (Original) [8:56] 24. Ziv Avriel & Diablo - Tired Awake (Original Mix) [7:10] 25. Oleg Shumand - Techno Kolt (Original) [7:58] 26. Pete Van Payne - Pyramids [6:20] 27. Pete Van Payne - Circularism [7:51] 28. Ben Quarman - Alpha 16 [6:53] 29. D-Noise - Last Legs (Original Mix) [6:42] 30. Stana & Qbass - Purple Shit (Johann Stone Remix) [6:49] 31. Ground Spain - Techno Love (Original Mix) [7:12] 32. Brog Dah - Farrow [7:5] 33. Romanolito - Ambush (Original Mix) [5:55] 34. Whilo - Holy Shit (Original Mix) [9:10] 35. Steve Haze - Allright Sex (Trs Remix) [7:55] 1. Adapter - Another Day (Original Mix) underground (6:45) 2. Adapter - Coincidence (Original Mix) underground (8:30) 3. Adapter - Ussio (Original Mix) underground (8:18) 4. Afrobeat Aka Massa - Green Days (Alex Costa Remix) Formula Recs Digital Factomania (7:39) 5. Alessan Main - Tesitura (Original Mix) Station Group Records (6:47) 6. Alessan Main - Voces y Cristales (Original Mix) Station Group Records (6:54) 7. Alex Celler - Sourire Du Sphinx (Original Mix) Leftroom Limited (10:18) 8. Alex Mine - Me & My Soul (Original Mix) Musex Industries (6:32) 9. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Original Mix) Musex Industries (7:01) 10. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Supersobresaturado Remix) Musex Industries (5:14) 11. Alex Tepper, Min, Chriss Vogt - Bourbon Street Swing (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:58) 12. Alexander Gallomoretti - Under The Skin & Over The Head (Original Mix) SDK Klub (6:33) 13. Artful Dice - Early Night (Original Mix) Zelos Deep (6:25) 14. Bas Struik - BM12 (Original Mix) Nightworx (7:23) 15. Bunte Bummler - I Cant Tell You (Original Mix) Mono Recordings (6:59) 16. Bunte Bummler - Mama Said Its Right (Original Mix) Mono Recordings (6:36) 17. Cala Vega - Viva Castro (Nico Camargo Remix) Revenge Records (8:07) 18. Carlo Cavalli, Eros Locatelli - Mexico (Dany Cohiba Remix) Carlo Cavalli Music Group (6:55) 19. Carlo Cavalli, Roby Star - Marimba (Club Mix) Carlo Cavalli Music Group (6:45) 20. Catz 'n Dogz - Mass Confusion (Original Mix) Pets Recordings (5:23) 21. Chapeau Claque - Last Dance (Enliven Deep Acoustics & Kenny Leaven Remix) UNA Music (8:49) 22. Chapeau Claque - Last Dance (Mathias Kaden What Do You Feel Remix) UNA Music (7:54) 23. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Alexis Valencia Remix) LED Records (7:10) 24. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Andres Blows Remix) LED Records (6:17) 25. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Jairo Delli Remix) LED Records (7:37) 26. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Joan Ibanez & Tony Roguez Remix) LED Records (6:16) 27. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Luigi Laner Remix) LED Records (6:12) 28. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Original Mix) LED Records (6:45) 29. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Santi Lafonte Remix) LED Records (8:20) 30. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Crystal Meth Barbie (Original Mix) Highgrade Records Germany (6:59) 31. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Original Mix) Highgrade Records Germany (7:45) 32. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Todd Bodines Bass Edit) Highgrade Records Germany (7:11) 33. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Tom Clark Remix) Highgrade Records Germany (8:29) 34. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Dirty Money Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (7:19) 35. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Illusions Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (7:13) 36. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Lacusta Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (8:42) 37. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - You Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (6:24) 38. Dave Angel & Ken Ishii - Type E (Temma-Teje Remix) Plaza In Crowd (6:56) 39. Dave Angel - Counter Wave (Jamie Anderson Remix V1) Plaza In Crowd (9:13) 40. Dave Angel - Counter Wave (Jamie Anderson Remix V2) Plaza In Crowd (7:06) 41. Dave Angel - On Point (Marco Bailey Remix) Plaza In Crowd (5:48) 42. Dave Angel - Zulu (Satoshi Fumi Remix) Plaza In Crowd (7:36) 43. Dennis Reich - People Run (Original Mix) Simple As That Records (7:07) 44. Dennis Reich - People Run (Sven Tasnadi Remix) Simple As That Records (8:24) 45. Dennis Reich - Queen Jacobi (Kollektiv Ost Remix) Simple As That Records (8:20) 46. Dennis Reich - Queen Jacobi (Original Mix) Simple As That Records (7:00) 47. DFlame - Black Musique (Angel Navarro Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:12) 48. DFlame - Black Musique (Ovidi Adlert Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:11) 49. DFlame - Black Musique (Rob Lamberti Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:44) 50. DJ Simi - Big Rip (Matt Star Remix) Kling Klong (7:06) 51. DJ Simi - Big Rip (Original Mix) Kling Klong (7:55) 52. Dosem - Replicants (Edu Imbernon and Coyu Remix) Suara (7:40) 53. Dosem - Replicants (Johannes Heil Barefoot Remix) Suara (8:39) 54. Dosem - Replicants (Original Mix) Suara (6:39) 55. DrBerger - Housekeeping (Rich Vom Dorf Remix) Tanzbar digital (6:37) 56. El Coyote - Santisimo (Instrumental) Ican Productions (5:26) 57. El Coyote - Santisimo featuring Iris Cepeda (Vocal Mix) Ican Productions (7:10) 58. GgDeX - Disco Wombat (Mario Piu Revisited) Kling Klong (7:27) 59. Gianni Ruocco - Medejean (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (7:10) 60. Gina, Bas Amro - Everywhere - Chris Lattner Remix Katchuli (6:13) 61. Grafiti - Fascination (Dance Disorder Remix) Armada Music (8:20) 62. Guille Placencia, DartDaKman - Tour of London (Original Mix) Looping Records (6:46) 63. House Head - Pacha Desert (Original Mix) Subtone Records (7:52) 64. Ian Dunlop - Vier (Original Mix) Diva Records Italy (6:52) 65. Ian Dunlop - Vier (Ronan Teague Remix) Diva Records Italy (7:30) 66. iMotion - Red Sponge (Original Mix) Soul Industries (6:56) 67. Javi Rodenas, Harry Jason - Bitch Up (Original Mix) Micronecta Records (8:07) 68. Javi Rodenas, Harry Jason - Bitch Up (Original Non Guitar Mix) Micronecta Records (16:49) 69. Jesse Voorn & Pink Fluid - Simply Magic (Fine Touch Remix) Sound Division (5:53) 70. John Lagora - Dink (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (7:20) 71. Jon Rundell - Dubno (Cristian Varela Remix) Pornographic Recordings (5:39) 72. Jon Rundell - Tom Foolery (Original Mix) Pornographic Recordings (7:12) 73. JR Disco - Streets (Banana Groovz Funky Tek Streetz Remix) 4Disco Records (6:08) 74. JUST2 - Fuck Spresso (Original Mix) Trebol Records (7:17) 75. JUST2 - Peace And Quiet (Original Mix) Trebol Records (8:43) 76. Kaum - Manhattan Party (Ahautzab Remix) Music Things (8:11) 77. Marc Rempel - Voices In My Head (Original Mix) Kuess Mich Vinyl (7:47) 78. Marc Romboy - Feelin' (Christian Smith Remix) Tronic (7:20) 79. Marc Romboy - Feelin' (Original Mix) Tronic (7:09) 80. Marcio Kantana - Trenceologie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (8:12) 81. Marcisco, Mikel B - Some (Original Mix) Twisted Shuffle (6:19) 82. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Shakey Solar (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (5:13) 83. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Stars & Shines (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (7:04) 84. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Why Don't You Answer (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (6:44) 85. Marty Lightbody - Only Dancin (Original Mix) Audiablo Records Ltd (7:22) 86. Min, Chriss Vogt - A Matter Of Taste (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:51) 87. Min, Chriss Vogt - All People (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:10) 88. Min, Chriss Vogt - Barcelona City Hop (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (3:56) 89. Min, Chriss Vogt - Comfort Me (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:06) 90. Min, Chriss Vogt - Lazy Floozies SmokinPot (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:37) 91. Min, Chriss Vogt - T Raumstation (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:45) 92. Min, Chriss Vogt - Walkin Away (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:10) 93. Min, Chriss Vogt - With N Egg Feat Wipa (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:49) 94. Min, Ehyun, Chriss Vogt - The Revenge Of The Phunky Ho (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:32) 95. Min, Thorsten Graeber - Open Mind (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:39) 96. Mr Fluff - Chasing Love (Original Mix) Pixelated Waves (6:08) 97. NDKj - Step Back (Original Mix) 303Lovers (6:34) 98. Nick Shepherd - Romantische Strasse (Original Mix) Undeliving Recordings (7:06) 99. Nora En Pure - Pasadena (Original Mix) Enormous Tunes (6:50) 100. NotoMash - Moon Dancer (Original Mix) Unt Records (8:43) 101. Ovr Kill - Ink On My Arm (Douglas Greed Remix) Kling Klong (6:51) 102. Ovr Kill - Ink On My Arm (Original) Kling Klong (7:18) 103. Paul Loraine - Wish You Were (Original Mix) Vitalik Recordings (6:57) 104. Paul Loraine - Wish You Were (Soulade Reconstruction) Vitalik Recordings (7:04) 105. Rhomtec - Umbra (Original Mix) ToolBox House (7:13) 106. Robbert Mendez - You Are DJ (Instrumental) We Love Sounds (7:15) 107. Robbert Mendez - You Are DJ (Vocal) We Love Sounds (7:15) 108. Room 202 - Ghana (Ant Brooks Remix) Redbox Records (7:17) 109. Room 202 - Ghana (Original Mix) Redbox Records (7:40) 110. Sanya Shelest, EscApe - Crazy Town (Original Mix) Skilled Records (6:56) 111. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Analogue System (Abby J Remix) Pild Records (7:39) 112. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Analogue System (Original Mix) Pild Records (7:41) 113. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Funky Peolple (Original Mix) Pild Records (8:36) 114. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Funky Peolple (Ugur Project Remix) Pild Records (7:13) 115. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Hunting Party (Original Mix) Pild Records (9:20) 116. Sebastien Leger - Wesh Wesh Wesh (FormatB Remix) Mistakes Music (6:52) 117. Sebastien Leger - Wesh Wesh Wesh (Original Mix) Mistakes Music (7:24) 118. Sergio Pardo - Lucian Night (Original Mix) Rene Records (7:39) 119. Sergio Pardo - Tribal Party (Original Mix) Rene Records (7:12) 120. Simone Marmellosi - Passion Before Money (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (7:48) 121. Simone Marmellosi - Wearing Black (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (8:24) 122. Smoke Sykes - Pumpin Jumpin (Dandy Hungary & Invoice Remix) Yoruba Grooves (6:50) 123. Smoke Sykes - Pumpin Jumpin (Original Mix) Yoruba Grooves (7:41) 124. Smoke Sykes - Snatch (Dandy Hungary & Invoice Remix) Yoruba Grooves (7:16) 125. Smoke Sykes - Snatch (Original Mix) Yoruba Grooves (7:29) 126. Sofa Tunes - Try (Original Mix) Wanda Recordings (4:59) 127. Solunamanalia - Salvadore (Original Mix) Dutchie Music (5:59) 128. Soulade - On The Side (Paul Loraine Remix) Vitalik Recordings (5:09) 129. Stefano Tropeano - Betty Blue (Original Mix) Rococo Records (7:34) 130. Stefano Tropeano - Flash Mob (Original Mix) Rococo Records (7:52) 131. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Alex Roque & Marcelo Vak Remix) Deep Xperience (7:17) 132. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Original Mix) Deep Xperience (7:56) 133. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Pille & Lushi Remix) Deep Xperience (7:18) 134. UMEK, Olivier Giacomotto - This Sound (Original Mix) 1605 (7:19) 135. Vlada Asanin - Manos Arriba (Original Mix) Definitive Recordings (7:08) 136. Yuman Grogorov - Dorothea (Original Mix) Code2 Records (6:11) 137. Yuman Grogorov - Tempelhofer Damm (Original Mix) Code2 Records (6:23) Techno 1. Alan Live - Intro of Dawn Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (4:48) 2. Alan Live - Post Mortem Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (5:58) 3. Alan Live - Traum Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (7:19) 4. Alex DElia, Nihil Young - Techno Is Ft ANNA (Alex Di Stefano Remix) Frequenza (7:11) 5. Alex DElia, Nihil Young - Techno Is Ft ANNA (Norbert Davenport & MGJ Remix) Frequenza (7:44) 6. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Fat Cat Ilogical Remix) Musex Industries (8:47) 7. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Inaki Kreator Remix) Musex Industries (7:01) 8. Alexey Kuznetsov - Positive (Original Mix) MK60 Records (7:10) 9. Andreas Bergmann - Undo (Original Mix) Moral Fiber (8:04) 10. Andreas Bergmann - Undo (Petar Cvetkovic Remix) Moral Fiber (7:31) 11. Andy P - Vault (Original Mix) Subwoofer Records (7:31) 12. Bas Thomas - Monster In My Closet (Original Mix) Naked Lunch (6:00) 13. Ben Hills - Moog Vs Strat (Berger Mix) Nachtexpress Records (6:44) 14. Ben Hills - Most Wanted (Klingberger Mix) Nachtexpress Records (8:26) 15. Big Show - Here I Am (Dich Remix) Raccoon Records (6:41) 16. Big Show - Here I Am (Micube Remix) Raccoon Records (7:33) 17. Big Show - Here I Am (Original Mix) Raccoon Records (7:56) 18. Big Show - Here I Am (UniTeQ Remix) Raccoon Records (7:22) 19. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Kasey Remix) Harthouse (6:54) 20. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Mazel Source Remix) Harthouse (6:44) 21. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Reblok Acid Remix) Harthouse (6:36) 22. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Tim Engelhardt Nachtglanz Remix) Harthouse (5:51) 23. Carlo Whale - Obvious (Original) Kan Records (8:22) 24. Carlo Whale - Pluck (Original) Kan Records (7:00) 25. Clouds - Optic (Jesper Dahlback Remix) Turbo Recordings (6:16) 26. Clouds - Optic (Original Mix) Turbo Recordings (5:47) 27. David Prap, Willy Real - Lost In Space (Dehix Remix) Inlab Recordings (7:50) 28. David Prap, Willy Real - Lost In Space (Original Mix) Inlab Recordings (6:55) 29. DavidChristoph - Summertime (Original Mix) Nachtstrom Schallplatten (7:56) 30. Deface - Droid (Original Mix) CRUX (6:32) 31. Deface - FAH Q (Original Mix) CRUX (5:20) 32. DKuhl - Sahara (Original Mix) Varianz Records (8:25) 33. DKuhl - Weltenbummler (Original Mix) Varianz Records (7:45) 34. Doctor Trash - Thats The K (Original) Klender Limited (8:07) 35. Ferhat Albayrak - Requiem (Lance Blaise Remix) Jeton Records (8:11) 36. Ferhat Albayrak - Requiem (Original Mix) Jeton Records (5:47) 37. IDigger - Tripping (Original Mix) Eastar Records (6:44) 38. Ivano Bellini, Gianni Ruocco - Rodadero (Original Mix) Black & Purple Recordings (7:43) 39. Jens Guetschow - Unforgotten (Deep Version) KW Music (5:39) 40. Jericho Knox - The Way I Am (Original Mix) Crossing Over Records (7:40) 41. Jim Rivers - Airport Vultures (Original Mix) Intec (7:13) 42. Jim Rivers - Bells Feat Joash (Original Mix) Intec (4:29) 43. Jim Rivers - Miles Away (Original Mix) Intec (3:21) 44. Jim Rivers - Nearly There (Original Mix) Intec (2:57) 45. Jim Rivers - On The Line (Original Mix) Intec (6:53) 46. Jim Rivers - Phoenix (Original Mix) Intec (5:55) 47. Jim Rivers - Product (Original Mix) Intec (3:11) 48. Jim Rivers - Sleepless In Detroit (Original Mix) Intec (5:52) 49. Jim Rivers - Tangent (Original Mix) Intec (6:22) 50. Jim Rivers - The Seventh Degree (Original Mix) Intec (5:44) 51. Jim Rivers - We Can Do This All Night (Original Mix) Intec (8:02) 52. Jim Rivers - When I Needed You Feat Mark Underdown (Original Mix) Intec (6:50) 53. Jim Rivers - Your Love (Original Mix) Intec (6:32) 54. John Lagora - Down (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (8:54) 55. John Lagora - Down (Ramon Tapia Remix) Mindshake Records (8:08) 56. John Lagora - Maersk (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (8:14) 57. Jon Rundell - Dubno (Original Mix) Pornographic Recordings (8:15) 58. Julian Brand - Paranormal (Original Mix) Analogeffekt Records (6:48) 59. Juno 6 - chain (Original Mix) Broque (3:55) 60. Juno 6 - darkonia (Original Mix) Broque (9:04) 61. Juno 6 - deadlock (Original Mix) Broque (8:07) 62. Juno 6 - state of flux (Original Mix) Broque (6:41) 63. Juno 6 - sub rosa (Original Mix) Broque (7:46) 64. Kardinal, Lowkey - Acid Slug (Original Mix) AFULAB (8:18) 65. Kardinal, Lowkey - Purple Wave (Exclusive Track) AFULAB (8:35) 66. Kardinal, Lowkey - Spangle (Original Mix) AFULAB (8:43) 67. Marcio Kantana - Dialogie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (6:34) 68. Mark Dekoda - Music For The People (Original Mix) Bosphorus Underground Recordings (6:35) 69. Milto Serano - Benoized (Thorsten Heiser Remix) Free Spirit Records (8:19) 70. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Antoni Bios Remix) VOL0101 Records (7:18) 71. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Fuskys Dark Tribe Tool) VOL0101 Records (5:58) 72. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Original Mix) VOL0101 Records (6:49) 73. MILU - Marijuana (Original Mix) Chocolate Dealer Records (5:00) 74. NDKj - Step Back (Luigi Rocca Edit) 303Lovers (6:35) 75. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (bandpass Remix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:06) 76. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (Original Mix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:16) 77. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (Smallrice Remix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:00) 78. Oleg Mass - Fragment Scrap (Original Mix) Einwanderer Records (7:05) 79. Ormatie - Only (Original Mix) Hope Recordings (5:27) 80. Perc - Gonkle (Bitten By The Black Dog) Perc Trax (6:22) 81. Perc - My Head Is Slowly Exploding (Ancient Methods Remix) Perc Trax (7:03) 82. Perc - Start Chopping (Tommy Four Seven Remix) Perc Trax (5:53) 83. Perc - You Saw Me (Sigha & Truss Remix) Perc Trax (7:46) 84. Pete Lopez, Marlon D - Shes Obsessed (Antranigs Ocd Instrumental) Lost In House (8:07) 85. Psyk - Second Trail (Original Mix) Figure (6:19) 86. Psyk - Third Trail (Original Mix) Figure (6:19) 87. Reagen - Synthtetic (Original) Microfreak Records (7:27) 88. Rob Belleville - Close The Distance (Original Mix) purebox (6:11) 89. Rob Belleville - From Midnight til Daylight (Original Mix) purebox (6:03) 90. Rob Belleville - Massive Melting (Original Mix) purebox (6:11) 91. Rob Belleville - Massive Melting (Ryogo Yamamoris Purebox Mix) purebox (6:16) 92. Simon Wish - Dreams (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:46) 93. Simon Wish - Over This Lay feat Jesse Michael (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:14) 94. Simon Wish - Passion (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:05) 95. Slad - Notch (Original Mix) Technoland (7:03) 96. Slad - Third Cabinet (Original Mix) Technoland (6:25) 97. Soundmanipulator - Una Preva (Bruno Ledesma & Lucas Ezequiel) NuLabel (9:01) 98. Soundmanipulator - Una Preva (Original Mix) NuLabel (6:03) 99. Soundmanipulator - Want To Play A Game (Original Mix) NuLabel (6:24) 100. Takuya Yamashita - Mars (Original Mix) Outpost Recordings (7:15) 101. Tebler - Komputaa (Original) FIR Records (5:34) 102. The Micronaut - Schleie (MollonoBass Remix) Acker Records (4:49) 103. UMEK, Olivier Giacomotto - This Sound (Sasha Carassi Phobiq Remix) 1605 (6:40) 104. Vince Noog - Vision (Original Mix) purebox (6:48) 105. Vince Noog - Vision (Ryogo Yamamoris Mix) purebox (7:25) 106. Vlada Asanin - Monkey Business (Original Mix) Definitive Recordings (6:06 Minimal 1. Acetato 3, Diezzera - Im Loco (Original Mix) Attary Records (7:39) 2. Acetato 3, Lado B - Minimalna (Original Mix) Attary Records (5:57) 3. Acetato 3, Lado B - Start Game (Original Mix) Attary Records (7:00) 4. Alberto la Torre - First Pop (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:27) 5. Alberto la Torre - Invisible (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:04) 6. Alberto la Torre - Wilderness (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (7:21) 7. Bjoern Efinger - Tropical Drums (Jule Grasz Remix) Starcake Records (6:14) 8. Bjoern Efinger - Tropical Drums (Original Mix) Starcake Records (7:39) 9. Cmore Trix - The Wiggler (Glitter Remix) 4slash4 (6:01) 10. Cmore Trix - The Wiggler (Original Mix) 4slash4 (5:09) 11. Dago DJ - Black Jungle (Endy DJ) Drugstore Records (5:40) 12. Dave Angel & Ken Ishii - Type E (Shin Nishimura Remix) Plaza In Crowd (7:18) 13. Dirt, Nail - Bishop (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:07) 14. Dirt, Nail - Pleasing Plow (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:43) 15. Dirt, Nail - Radio (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:35) 16. Djafar - Rich And Rush (Original) Wald Und Wiese (6:12) 17. Djafar - Saw Dark (Original) Wald Und Wiese (5:42) 18. Dog, off - Star Eksho (Original Mix) Digital Music Labels (6:49) 19. Dog, off - Trill Cat (Randoom Remix) Digital Music Labels (8:17) 20. Double M - Andive (Original Mix) MFR (6:28) 21. Falke, Vogelbein - Papa (Orginal) Get Minimal Music (6:37) 22. Falke, Vogelbein - Smokers (Original) Get Minimal Music (7:06) 23. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Brojanowski Daddy Remix) Der Hut (6:06) 24. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Felix Lorussos Flat Broke Remix) Der Hut (6:58) 25. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Kamika Remix) Der Hut (6:56) 26. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Original Mix) Der Hut (6:26) 27. Joe Dominguez - Boombox (Original Mix) Digital Music Labels (6:44) 28. Juan Ddd, Bedoya - Relik (Original Mix) Starten Music (7:15) 29. Luca Aversano - The Beating of Wings a Butterfly (Original Mix) Unistory Music (7:18) 30. Lyr - Kepler 9b (Original Mix) From A Tree (5:36) 31. Mac Vaughn - Funnel Cloud (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:03) 32. Mac Vaughn - This Is Just A Test Mas (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:20) 33. Marcio Kantana - Analogie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (6:31) 34. Marco Furnari - Nightmare (Original Mix) Infernal Poison Publisher (7:30) 35. Marco Furnari - Rabbithole (Original Mix) Infernal Poison Publisher (6:30) 36. Marco Sapiens - Body 2 Body (Nitro Mix) Groove On (7:29) 37. Marco Sapiens - Body 2 Body (Original Mix) Groove On (7:25) 38. Mark Dekoda - Why Dont You (Original Mix) Bosphorus Underground Recordings (6:02) 39. Matt Funkk - Elephant (Original Mix) Consumed Records (8:19) 40. Matt Funkk - Evolve (Original Mix) Consumed Records (7:42) 41. Michael Lovatt - Howler (Damolh33 Remix) Melonsound (6:30) 42. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Original Mix) Sound Lab (5:46) 43. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Weskors Dream Remix) Sound Lab (5:56) 44. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Wocky Remix) Sound Lab (4:25) 45. Mounsie - Are U Scared (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:46) 46. Mounsie - Black Russian (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:31) 47. Mounsie - Made In Turkey (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:28) 48. Oleg Mass - Interpretation (Original Mix) Einwanderer Records (6:48) 49. Ozen Nouse aka Enzo Porrino - Paper Heart (Original Mix) CibiCaldi Records (6:33) 50. Ozen Nouse aka Enzo Porrino - Sintetic Sky (Original Mix) CibiCaldi Records (7:23) 51. Paul Parsons - Peepin (Jamore Landson Remix) Tall House Digital (8:38) 52. Sadder - Dark Smile (Original Mix) Dser Records (6:52) 53. Sadder - Insane Friend (Original Mix) Dser Records (7:29) 54. Samuele Buselli - Jumping (Original Mix) Milk (5:05) 55. Samuele Buselli - Running (Original Mix) Milk (5:19) 56. Samuele Buselli - Wake Up (Original Mix) Milk (5:09) 57. Steve Fourez, Jason Kebble - Limestone (Original Mix) Syncope Recordz (6:17) 58. The Forest, Stimmhalt - Sunflower (Nemaier Remix) DLab Records (5:58) 59. The Forest, Stimmhalt - Sunflower (Original Mix) DLab Records (7:32) 1. Kamika - Conform [6:18] 2. Heinrichs & Hirtenfellner - Cut Bread [7:9] 3. RenГЁ Bourgeois - Mama San [7:34] 4. Maksim Dark - Die Intellektuelle Idee (Mike Wall Remix) [7:25] 5. Brojanowski - Let Me Be Your Lover [7:10] 6. Urla Ender - 13.0 (Gabriel Le Mar Remix) [6:53] 7. Roberto Mozza - One Night In Palais (Toubi Mcweird Remix) [6:24] 8. Leenn'y - Mr. Orange [6:23] 9. Nadja Lind - Aggregat No.5 [6:36] 10. Miro Pajic - Inter Fear [7:5] 11. Oliver Ton - The Whupp (Rene Bourgeois Whupp Dat Ass Remix) [7:29] 12. SoundApotheke - De De Puuh [4:50] 13. Olaf Over - Psycho Kit [4:48] 14. Norman - Zugang Voll Integriert (Syntax Error Remix) [5:44] 15. Baby Chris - Lesson In Live (Bonus Mix) [7:54] 16. Fallhead - Unten Der HГјgel (Esspapier Special Edit) [6:1] 17. Lampenfieber - The Balls [6:38] 18. f.i.e.l.d.y - High [7:8] 19. Trotzkopf - Monuciani (Nutmann Remix) [6:21] 20. Unknown Option - Once Upon A Time [5:44] 21. Monkeylovers - Hear No Evil [7:25] 22. Flea - Minx [7:38] 23. Demas - Bohnen Herbert (Sebastian Koch's Schoten Remix) [6:14] 24. Michael Burkat & Lars Klein - Das Rockt Auch! [7:3] 25. Aemkay - Hunter [8:7] minimal techno 1. Andy Martin - Ataraxia (Original Mix) (7:03) 2. Andy Martin - Human Circuit (Original Mix) (7:02) 3. Andy Martin - Popol Vuh (Original Mix) (8:18) 4. Andy Martin - Telekinesis (Original Mix) (7:47) 5. Damolh33, Hertzman - Concept (Original Mix) (6:07) 6. Damolh33, Hertzman - Moisture (Original Mix) (6:36) 7. Damolh33, Hertzman - Nimbus (Original Mix) (6:14) 8. Damolh33, Hertzman - Skill (Original Mix) (6:10) 9. Dani Sbert - Moon (Original Mix) (7:29) 10. Dani Sbert - Sun (Original Mix) (7:29) 11. Hertzman - Aeon (Original Mix) (6:07) 12. Hertzman - Fortress (Original Mix) (6:10) 13. Hertzman - Story (Original Mix) (6:13) 14. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Chris Fortier 40oz Drum Dub Tool) (3:25) 15. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Chris Fortier Remix) (7:06) 16. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Hair Band DropOut Remix) (8:39) 17. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Heat Merchantz Remix) (10:28) 18. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Joint Custody Remix) (8:57) 19. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (No Soul To Sell Remix) (8:11) 20. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Original Mix) (8:59) 21. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Alex Young Y2K Remix) (6:48) 22. Marco P - Numb (Landmark Remix) (7:25) 23. Mark Denken - Ducks & (Original Mix) (5:39) 24. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Francesco Bergomi May Go On To Ecuador Remix) (7:03) 25. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Andy Martin Remix) (6:42) 26. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Original Mix) (7:59) 27. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Tomas More Kepler 22b Remix) (7:52) 28. Swallen - OMG (Min & Mal & Doublewave Remix) (8:07) 29. Swallen - OMG (Original Mix) (6:55) 30. Swallen - OMG (Skate Remix) (6:17) 31. Tony Kauffmann, Tinney M - Alien X (Original Mix) (7:52) 32. Tony Kauffmann, Tinney M - Reconstruction (Original Mix) (7:21) 1. Alex Di Stefano - Phase One (Koen Groeneveld Remix) (6:40) 2. Alex Di Stefano - Phase One (Original Mix) (6:38) 3. Alex Villanueva - GoodFellas (Damasko Remix) (6:12) 4. AMochi - Black Reigns (Original Mix) (7:31) 5. AMochi - Phantom (Original Mix) (6:20) 6. AMochi - Stray (Original Mix) (6:05) 7. Bart Skils - Burnin (Nicole Moudaber Remix) (7:41) 8. Bart Skils - Burnin (Original Mix) (7:06) 9. D-Nox & Beckers - Sunner (Dustin Zahn Dub) (6:46) 10. D-Nox & Beckers - You Are (Bushwackas Just Be Remix) (9:13) 11. Ensaime, Alex Guesta - Hands Up (Club Mix) (8:11) 12. Funk D'Void - Counter Cat (Original Mix) (6:14) 13. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Andre Luki Remix) (6:07) 14. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Degasperi Remix) (6:55) 15. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Gabriel Noise Remix) (7:19) 16. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (LSotnas Remix) (4:16) 17. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Mendhelson Remix) (7:10) 18. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Original Mix) (7:19) 19. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Original Mix) (6:20) 20. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Paride Saraceni & Demas Hypnodeep Remix) (7:44) 21. Margot - Liuff Settanta (Florian Meindl Remix) (7:36) 22. MiniCoolBoyz - Excuse Me (Alberto Pascual Remix) (6:24) 23. MiniCoolBoyz - Excuse Me (Marka T Remix) (6:46) 24. MiniCoolBoyz - Feel My Drums (Mladen Tomic Remix) (7:38) 25. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Luigi Madonna Remix) (6:38) 26. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Marka T Remix) (6:55) 27. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Piig & Dan Remix) (7:45) 28. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Sam Paganini Remix) (7:25) 29. MiniCoolBoyz - This Is My Acid House (Black Abstract Acid House Remix) (6:39) 30. Nick Daring - Alliance (Original Mix) (7:20) 31. Paul Mac - The Process (Original Mix) (5:12) 32. Paul Mac - The Process (Paul Mac Stimulus Dub) (6:05) 33. Paul Mac - The Process (Takashi Watanabe After Hours Mix) (8:19) 34. Paul Mac - The Process (Takashi Watanabe Remix) (8:13) 35. Spada - Banga (Original Mix) (7:08) 36. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (ABrothers Remix) (7:15) 37. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Dave The Drummer Remix) (6:54) 38. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Knobs Drill Remix) (7:30) 39. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Original Mix) (5:48) 40. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Spiriakos & Steen Remix) (5:37) 41. Stefanowitz - Atma (Original Mix) (7:17) 42. Stefanowitz - Pfhrwhapp (Original Mix) (6:43) 43. Stefanowitz - Psyche (Original Mix) (6:48) 44. Tintin - Render In (Original Mix) (7:42) A Hvich ?– Survival (Moldavius Remix) A Hvich ?– Survival (Original Mix) A Hvich ?– Survival (Stevie Wilson Remix) Aaron Santos & James Teej ?– Sorry Soul (Nhar Remix) Acidia ?– Street (Acidia Club Mix) Alberto Santana ?– Minus One (Original Mix) Alberto Santana ?– Overload (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez ?– Ghost in the Machine (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez ?– Walkfunk (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– It?’s A Groove (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– Was Great (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– Was Up (Original Mix) Alex D?’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A ?– Techno is (D-Unity Remix) Alex D?’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A ?– Techno is (Gabriel D?’or & Bordoy Remix) Boris Brejcha ?– Picolomini (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha ?– Ruhrschussel (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha ?– We Are Looking For (Original Mix) Chris Lo ?– All Sistem (Original Mix) Chris Lo ?– Bronx Brothers (Original Mix) Chris Majcen ?– Time Spiral (Original Mix) Coma ?– Fiction (Original Mix) Coma ?– Gravity (Original Mix) Coma ?– Total DLY (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton ?– Feng Shui Theory 1 (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton ?– Feng Shui Theory 2 (Original Mix)..... 4 Souls ?– Swing Ya Thing (Original Mix) Affkt, Darlyn Vlys, One Hand aka Darlyn Vlys AFFKT ?– Kohu (Original Mix) Alessio Mereu ?– Hypochondriac (Original Mix) Animal Trainer ?– Alive (Original Mix) Aquarium Punks ?– African Man With A Piano (Original Mix) Beat ?– For The Masses (Original Mix) Brisboys ?– Mercury Groove (Original Mix) Charles Ramierz ?– Heavens Groove (Kabuto Koji Remix) Christian Smith, Florian Meindl ?– Desire (Original Mix) Cristhian Hoffmann ?– Restart The Music (Original Mix) Dave Garcia, Eric Ortega ?– El Pirata (Danny LeBlack Remix) Deep Sound ?– Tech (Original Mix) Dema, Paride Saraceni ?– Semafor (Piatto Remix) DFormation ?– Dont Stop (Julian Poker Remix) DFormation, Oscar L ?– MAD (D-Unity Remix) DFormation,Simon Shaker ?– Get Excited (Javi Colors DJ Garces Remix) Dirtyworx ?– Berliner (Original Mix) DJ Kay ?– Waterfall (Autophase Remix) Dzeko Torres ?– Self Explanatory (Original Mix) Falke, Vogelbein ?– Minimal Smoke (Original) Gino Patricio ?– No Diggity (Original) Groove Man ?– Back In The Game (Original Mix) Isabelle ?– Breakup Jewelry (Original) Ismael Rivas aka Riva ?– El Farol (Original Mix) Jalebee Cartel ?– Funda (Original Mix) Jamie Anderson, Deepgroove ?– Freya (Daniel Steinberg Remix) JDG_Meltek ?– Retrigger (Original Mix) Jhoan Sanchez ?– En Las Alturas (Moizez Ohr Remix) Jochen Pash ?– Voyage (Dj PP Remix) Julian Poker ?– Fever (Original Mix) Libex, Paolo Pellegrino ?– Prika (Original Mix) Marco Lys, Alex Kenji ?– Manaus (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa ?– Athens (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa, Luigi Rocca ?– The Passenger (Original Mix) Mark Diablo ?– 365 (Original Mix) Mark Wheels ?– Theory Of Relativity (Original Mix) Marvell, Too Fresh ?– Hotel Party feat Marvell (Bass Kleph Remix) Maxikool ?– Click (Original Mix) Milton Channels ?– I Want It (Original Mix) Ned Rise ?– Magic Fly (Original Mix) Neverdogs, Brusca ?– Podenco (Original Mix) Nikola Gala ?– A Voice From Outer Space (Original Mix) Nino Bua ?– The Beat Within (Original Mix) Oliver Klein, Kolombo ?– Espionnage (Fusty Delights Remix) Peeta ?– Gandhis Flip Flop (Original Mix) Pizeta ?– Ocra (Original Mix) Ron Carroll, Superfunk ?– Lucky Star (Kolombo 303 Dub) RPO ?– The First Time In My Life (Joy Marquez Remix) Sharam Jey ?– Attention (Eats Everything Jay Robinsons Remix) Sharam Jey, Deadbots ?– Obey (Polymath Remix) Stan Kolev ?– Rescue Me (Original Mix) Sweet N Candy ?– Deep Water (Florian Meindl Edit) System F, Marc Almond ?– Soul On Soul (Elektrochemie LK Mix) Tamer Fouda ?– Bitch (Minimal Bitch Mix) The Selph ?– An Anxious Friend (Original Mix) Thomas Schumacher, Florian Meindl ?– Satisfaction (Original Mix) Vlada Asanin, Cuartero ?– Pincel (Original Mix) Xar Lee ?– Te Da Igual (Tony Dee Remix) Yan Oxygen ?– Ghost (Original Mix) Agaric ?– Run. Ostern Jam Beatfunk ?– Pump (Original Mix) BNZO-El Chupacabra Original Mix Hollen ?– Mamy Groovy (Tony Dee Remix) Lewis Ryder ?– Kaffee-Monster Schief Gegangen (Nathan Coles & David Cokers Spanish Fly Mix) Mark Reeve-Lichtkleid Original Mix Maximan ?– Jail View (Scan Mode Remix) Rohrer & Siegel ?– BigBertha The Martinez Brothers ?– Issshhh (Beats) Alberto Pascual ?– Drive (Original Mix) Dektend & Dfndr ?– Rococco Cake Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris Altogether Lost Ben Klock S Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jon Reynolds & Tomas Rubeck ?– Union Street Car Park (Original Mix) Markantonio, Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati ?– My Tisana (Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati Remix) Patrick Kunkel and M.in ?– I Know feat. Harold Todd (Original Mix) VA-Maximan Jail View Scan Mode Remix Flug -13c Tool Mix Glimpse ?– Work That Body (Kehakuma Remix) Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jeff Mills ?– Gadd Luigi Madonna-Enigma Four mike parker ?– ringing bass Paul Ritch ?– Shake It (Original Mix) Timmo Comb Of Mermaid ?– Original Mix Tom Flynn ?– Budgie Smuggler (Original Mix) Atesh K. ?– Simple Trap Avilo-Missio Daniele Papini ?– Astanti Titta Remix David Phillips ?– The Batch Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris-Altogether Lost Ben Klock s Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Roland M. Dill ?– I?’ll be There (Sam Ball Remix) TechGroup Maurizio Vitiello-MusicOn Original Mix Aquarius Heaven-Universe Drumfunk (Original Mix) Hollen ?– Alfio (Original Mix) Javier Carballo ?– Islands (Djohnny Remix) Javier Carballo ?– Low (Original Mix) Jon Gurd and Dave Robertson-Never Do That (Original Mix) Luca Lozano ?– Heaven & Hell (Penner & Muder Remix LuLu Rouge ?– Bless You (Minilogue rmx) RAY OKPARA- MODERN DANCE (Original mix) agaric-drifter Agaric-Who Made Up The Rules Original Mix Benny Royal ?– Go Bump (Original Mix) Daelo ?– Move On (Zack Marullo Remix) Djulz ?– Da Madness (Original Mix) Kaiserdisco ?– Amalfino (2000 And One & DJ Madskillz Remix) Kernel Key ?– Pallets (Original Mix) leonardo_gonnelli-not_again_(sammy_remix) Mihalis Safras ?– San trope (Oxia remix) Yoshitaca And Ittetsu And Jun Akimoto ?– Just Lay Back (Ittetsu And Jun Akimoto Remix) Alberto Pascual ?– Drive (Original Mix) Dektend & Dfndr ?– Rococco Cake Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris Altogether Lost Ben Klock S Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jon Reynolds & Tomas Rubeck ?– Union Street Car Park (Original Mix) Markantonio, Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati ?– My Tisana (Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati Remix) Patrick Kunkel and M.in ?– I Know feat. Harold Todd (Original Mix) VA-Maximan Jail View Scan Mode Remix Flug -13c Tool Mix Glimpse ?– Work That Body (Kehakuma Remix) Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jeff Mills ?– Gadd Luigi Madonna-Enigma Four mike parker ?– ringing bass Paul Ritch ?– Shake It (Original Mix) Timmo Comb Of Mermaid ?– Original Mix Tom Flynn ?– Budgie Smuggler (Original Mix) Alex DElia -Moogerfooger Mladen Tomic Remix Bryan Zentz ?– Double R (Original Mix) Daniel Dubb ?– Wound Up (Original Mix) Lazy M ?– Ready To Rock (Marco Lansi Remix) Mooryc ?– Turn Left (Douglas Greeds ?– from here to poznan rmx) Timmo ?– Locust (Alex Di Stefano Remix) Victor Calderone ?– Pleasure Grip (Original Mix) Vogue. Victor Ruiz. Barudi ?– Playboy (Dub Mix) Xircus ?– Rolf Harris (Ronan Portela Remix) Aquarius_Heaven_-_Universe_(Original_Mix) Bruch & Junior ?– Seat No Fastbelt (Original Mix) Frann delice & Xuzav ?– Run Ran Run (Original mix) Kernel Key ?– Pallets (Original Mix) Smart Wave ?– Mind mazes(DJ Raid detroits dub mix) The Evil Amigos ?– Playa Bossa Veerus & Maxie Devine ?– 1976 (Original Mix) Xircus ?– Rolf Harris (Ronan Portela Remix) Broombeck ?– Wtfai (Wehbba Remix) Bryan Zentz ?– Double R (Original Mix) D Julz-Da Madness Daniel Dubb ?– Wound Up (Original Mix) Electric Indigo & Irradiation ?– Phytoplankton NiCe7 ?– In Between (Supernova Remix) Yoshitaca ?– Just Lay Back (Jun Akimoto & Ittetsu Remix) 01. Piatto - Saturn 8 (Original Mix) 02. Paul Nazca - Scale Of Sky (Original Mix) 03. Ant Brooks - What's Mine (Original Mix) 04. Whitenoize - The Underground (TJR Remix) 05. Roy RosenfelD - Coin Flip (Original Mix) 06. PHNTM - Flash Dance (Original Mix) 07. Ahmet Sendil - I Still Have A Dream (Original Mix) 08. Balthazar, Jackrock - Puerto Rico (Alex Di Stefano Remix) 09. Andre Walter, Chris Hope - Mania (Original Mix) 10. Andrea Roma - Just A Loop (Original Mix) 11. Vladimir Acic - Mr. Joe Gideon (Original Mix) 12. 777 Systems - Noms (Original Mix) 13. Rub A Dub - TM (Original Mix) 14. Dualfunk - Rolling (Original Mix) 15. A.K.O. - Say Hello (Original Mix) 16. Alex Long - Magenta (Original Mix) 17. Mario Ochoa - La Noche (Original Mix) 18. Frank Sonic, Mike Maass - Butan (Original Mix) 19. Juan Ddd - Mad Dog (Original Mix) 20. The Scumfrog - In Love (Original Mix) 21. Juan Ddd, Johan Dresser, Stereomono - Ant Man (Original Mix) 22. SoNa, Simia - Dimply (Original Mix) 23. Hellomonkey - My Seven Favorite Sharpshooters (Original Mix) 24. Dima German - Physical Reaction (Original Mix) 25. Darryl Green - Warning (Original Mix) 26. W10 - Five O'Clock Love (Original Mix) 27. Montblank - Shuffle (Original Mix) 28. Denis Underground - Feel Free (Original Mix) 29. Kyfu - Trop Cale (Original Mix) 30. Miguel Bastida - Rezolution (Original Mix) 31. Daniel Kaufman - Stalled (Original Mix) Alex Mine – Don’t Look Back (Original Mix) Alex Mine – Teraphy (Original Mix) Aumrec – Anouka (Original Mix) Aumrec – Aumrec (Original Mix) Aumrec – Lapislazul (Ninth Camomile Remix) Catatonic Overload – Death Before Disco (Original Mix) Catatonic Overload – Environment (Delete Remix) Catatonic Overload – Environment (Original Mix) Dani Sbert – Otherside (Original Mix) Dani Sbert – Ready (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – Moonflower (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – Smoker (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – When the Sunshine Goes Down (Original Mix) Daniele Kama – Last Request (Original Mix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (German Valley Remix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (Gion Remix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (Original Mix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Cristiano Casiraghi Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Loko Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Original Mix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Ricardo Espino Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Sotisfaction Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Ferdi L Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Giuseppe Antonino Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Joe Kendut Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Original Mix) Ian O’Donovan – Redemption (Original Mix) Ian O’Donovan – Relieve (Original Mix) Jacob Dannyl – Where Is My Mind (Killer Session) Leechi Alexej – Hubbub (Original Mix) Leechi Alexej – Turk Kizi (Original Mix) Leo R – Amber Light (Original Mix) Leo R – Drill Bit (Original Mix) Leo R – Room 237 (Original Mix) Loud Noize – Dark Distortion (Original Mix) Loud Noize – Distorted Reality (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Hidden Empire (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Knavish (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Sphinx (Original Mix) Marco Lys – Kama (Original) Marco Lys – Kama (Solo Remix) Mario Ochoa – Take A Look (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa – The Rooster (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Promzona (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Regroover (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Wave Of Resonance Timework (Original Mix) Mike Huckaby – The Tresor Track (Original Mix) NHB & Fabrizio Pettorelli – Bad Habits (Original Mix) Nice Deejay – Miss Nice (Original Mix) Nice Deejay – Ndrom (Original Mix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Mike Ban & Dietmar Wohl Remix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Original Mix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Torsten Kanzler Remix) Oliver Kucera – Lightning Bolt (Spark Taberner Remix) Oliver Kucera – Stop Sequencer (Original Mix) Oliver Kucera & Souris – Lightning Bolt (Original Mix) People Get Real – Bleep Spectro (Original Mix) People Get Real – Pachino (Original Mix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Ditto Remix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Don Ruijgrok Remix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Original Mix) Psyk – Lowdown (Original Mix) Psyk – Repeat (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Inertia (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Mobility (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Rhythm (Original Mix) Ramon Zenker & Harada – Rappelkiste (Original Mix) Repton – I Was Here (Nikkolas Research Remix) Repton – I Was Here (Original) Repton – I Was Here (Simon Firth Remix) Sasha Carassi – Lateral Pressure (Original Mix) Sintex Music – Bangkok (Original Mix) Sintex Music – Diffuse (Original Mix) Spoiled Kid – The ONE! (Original Mix) Spoiled Kid – You Can Take It (Original Mix) Synthetic Technology – Fatal Error (Original Mix) Synthetic Technology – Placenta (Original Mix) The Abductors – Stevige Track (Original Mix) The Advent – Distract (Original Mix) The Advent – Higher Learning (Original Mix) The Advent – Nexus 22 (Original Mix) The Collectorz – Blood (Original Mix) The Collectorz – Blood (Raw Mix) Tomas More – Flesh (Original Mix) Tomas More – Persona (Original Mix) Tomas More – The Kiss (Original Mix) Tomas More – The Unknown Word (Original Mix) Tony Kairom – Popeye (Original Mix) Tony Kairom – The Addams Family (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Atom (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Flux (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Kaleidoscope (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Changes (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Changes (Romar Remix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Make You Wet (Karim Rajhi Remix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Make You Wet (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Underground (Micro on Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Underground (Original Mix) Zenbi – Gezuar (Original Mix) Zenbi – Minimalistic (Original Mix) A Hvich – Survival (Moldavius Remix) A Hvich – Survival (Original Mix) A Hvich – Survival (Stevie Wilson Remix) Aaron Santos & James Teej – Sorry Soul (Nhar Remix) Acidia – Street (Acidia Club Mix) Alberto Santana – Minus One (Original Mix) Alberto Santana – Overload (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez – Ghost in the Machine (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez – Walkfunk (Original Mix) Alex Costa – It’s A Groove (Original Mix) Alex Costa – Was Great (Original Mix) Alex Costa – Was Up (Original Mix) Alex D’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A – Techno is (D-Unity Remix) Alex D’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A – Techno is (Gabriel D’or & Bordoy Remix) Boris Brejcha – Picolomini (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha – Ruhrschussel (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha – We Are Looking For (Original Mix) Chris Lo – All Sistem (Original Mix) Chris Lo – Bronx Brothers (Original Mix) Chris Majcen – Time Spiral (Original Mix) Coma – Fiction (Original Mix) Coma – Gravity (Original Mix) Coma – Total DLY (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton – Feng Shui Theory 1 (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton – Feng Shui Theory 2 (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Eta Carinae (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Husaria (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Magma (Original Mix) Dave Spritz – Salvia (Original Mix) David Temessi & Hiab – Imotape (Original Mix) David Temessi & Hiab – Powertape (Original Mix) Davidchristoph – Fear Frequency (Bodyscrub Remix) Davidchristoph – Fear Frequency (Original Mix) Davidchristoph – Ghost Raider (Loco & Jam Remix) Davidchristoph – Ghost Raider (Original Mix) Deep Future – Do it All Night (Hugo Remix) Deep Future – Do it All Night (Original Mix) Deep Future – Flying Colours (Lazaro Casanova Miami Vice Refix) Deep Future – Flying Colours (Original Mix) DJ Milectro & Jonny Calypso – Direction (Original Mix) DJ Milectro & Jonny Calypso – Rise & Fall (Original Mix) Dorian Chavez & Mobius Strum – MAE (Original Mix) Dorian Chavez & Mobius Strum – Rainforest (Original Mix) Franck Valat – Landscape 010 (Original Mix) Franck Valat – Mindie (Original Mix) Gepy – Baby Dinosaur (Original Mix) Gepy – Pippo (Original Mix) Glitter, Nytron – Freak Chick (Original Mix) Johnny Kaos & Hunzed – Emociones De La Vida (Original Mix) Koer – Fobos (Original Mix) Koer – Moonlight (Original Mix) Luthier – Prevent Hearing (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – Infinity (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – Roundabout (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – You Know (Original Mix) Maximiljan – Backlash (Egal 3 Remix) Maximiljan – Backlash (Original Mix) Maximiljan – Funky Mary (Original Mix) Mechanique – Island Of Stability – (Original Mix) Mechanique – Karoshi – (Original Mix) Mendo & Yvan Genkins – Capture (Original Mix) Mendo & Yvan Genkins – Witness (Original Mix) Mike Spaccavento – Game Over (Original Mix) Mike Spaccavento – Vocal Round (Original Mix) Morry – Minimal Baby (Original Mix) Morry – Shit Happiness (Original Mix) Nytron – House You (Original Mix) Oliver Schories – The Deal (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Bitter Rucker (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Dumb House (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Timeline (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Zulu (Original Mix) Paolo Driver – Good Afternoon (Los Suruba 90′s Remix) Paolo Driver – Good Afternoon (Original Mix) Paolo Driver & Roby J – Fusion (Original Mix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Funk D’void Remix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Lewis Ryder Remix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Original Mix) Paul Loraine – Once Again (Original Mix) Phonokemi – 2000 Eyes (Original Mix) Phonokemi – Black Comes the Day (Original Mix) Phonokemi – Smile (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Babylon (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Bumbaclat (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Got Me Down (Original Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Alexander Kowalski Remix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Benny Grauer Remix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Digital Bonus Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Original Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Skai & Joel Armstrong Remix) SIS – Aires (Original Mix) SIS – Boogie Nights (Original Mix) Sivesgaard – Unorthodox (Ricardo Tobar Remix) Solee & Joxe – Abundance (Original Mix) Sven Jaeger – Casta Uela (Original Mix) Sven Jaeger – Cicilon (Original Mix) Ted Dettman – Normal Life (Original Mix) Tim J – 7 Faktors of Awakenings (Original Mix) Tim J – Beat Down (Original Mix) Tim J – Tresor (Original Mix) Tom Hades – Pitched to the Max (Original Mix) Tom Hades – Pitched to the Max (Sasha Carassi Remix) Tom Hades – React (Original Mix) Tomas More – Scopic Drive (Original Mix) Tomas More – Scopic Drive (Roman Fluegel Remix) Tomas More – That Thing (Original Mix) Wally Stryk – Mon Amour (Max Jacobson & Jason Patrick Remix) Wally Stryk – Mon Amour (Original Mix) Wally Stryk – Palermo Soho (Do Santos Remix) Wally Stryk – Palermo Soho (Original Mix) 01. Robert Noise & Ploughman – Chennai (Original Mix) (7:07) 02. Glen & Adrian – Microchip (Original Mix) (7:05) 03. Ray Valentine – Turkey Turist (Original Mix) (6:11) 04. Ruiz Sierra – Turn Off The Lights (Original Mix) (7:01) 05. Emanuele Sorgato – Go (Original Mix) (5:11) 06. BenyOne – Machine (Original Mix) (6:37) 07. Secret Groovers – Inversion (Original Mix) (9:12) 08. Cristian Glitch – Dispersion (Original Mix) (6:36) 09. Rodrigo Diaz – Sexstars (Original Mix) (7:24) 10. Stephen Advance & Roland Weber – Instant Reaction (Original Mix) (6:15) 11. Italianbeat Guys – Thunderstorm (Original Mix) (9:05) 12. Stephen Advance & Droplex – Predator (Original Mix) (6:00) 13. Luix Spectrum – Define (Original Mix) (7:07) 14. Miniroom & Red Pig Flower – Red [email protected] (Original Mix) (6:20) 01. London Exchange – Forever (Dura Remix) (6:36) 02. Dura – Anti Pink (Original Mix) (6:36) 03. Azzimov – Penetrator (Oziriz Remix) (6:02) 04. Jackson White – Back (Original Mix) (6:28) 05. Jackson White – Wrong Out (Original Mix) (6:13) 06. Dura – Outswise (Original Mix) (5:50) 07. Dura – Eyes On The Prize (Brutal Kids Remix) (6:06) 08. Dura, Sasha Check – Ritas Groove (Original Mix) (6:55) 09. Twist – Rockfeller Fcuk (Original Mix) (7:05) 10. Jackson White – Beat In Beat (Original Mix) (5:36) 11. Lee Poulson – For A Kiss Or Two (Original Mix) (6:37) 12. Lee Poulson – Kuka (Original Mix) (6:21) 13. Oziriz, Jackson White – Back To Cube (Original Mix) (6:28) 14. Oziriz – Motions (Original Mix) (8:05) 15. Twist – Hidden Place (Original Mix) (8:19) 16. Oziriz – Saxy Waxy (Original Mix) (7:09) 17. Oziriz – Strings As The Ropes (Original Mix) (6:06) 18. Dura – Get Smart (Original Mix) (6:54) 19. Oleg Kostrow – Nemo’s Song (Dura Remix) (3:46) 20. London Exchange – We Are Not Together (Azzimov Remix) (7:13) A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Accapella).mp3 A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Instrumental).mp3 A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Original Mix).mp3 Aeon Flux – We Will Be Free – Original Mix).mp3 Airwolf – Rebels – Original Mix).mp3 Alessio Arcangeli – 1000 Miles – Original Mix).mp3 Alessio Arcangeli – Honefoss – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Life S. – Fuck Off – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Shaje – Bourre – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Shaje – Bourre – Sums 4 Am Remix).mp3 Alex Vandoff – Casino Flamingo – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Verano, Jim Marlaud – Make Me Real – Radio Edit).mp3 Alex Xela – Are You Ready – Original Mix).mp3 Alexander Seretti – Broken – Original Mix).mp3 Alive Me – Something Wrong In The System Control – Original Mix).mp3 Almaru – One Step – Original Mix).mp3 Alvin Tech – Hey – Original Mix).mp3 Alvin Tech – Rhythm Of The Night – Original Mix).mp3 Amadeo, Process P – Agua Fresca – Original Mix).mp3 Ambient P – Music Keeps Me Dancing – Original Mix).mp3 Andhim – Afrikadelle – Original Mix).mp3 Andlee – Trackformers – Original Mix).mp3 Andre Slater – Metamorfosis – Original Mix).mp3 Andrea Pisapia – Scala Reale – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Jupiter Planet – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Mercury Planet – 4ndr375-73k Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Planet Neptune – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Uranus Planet – 4ndr375-73k Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Assembled In – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Audio Delta – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Apartamento – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Casa – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Finca – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – My Fly Mind – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Santana – Trafalgar – Original Mix).mp3 Andrew Phillips – The Saxophonist – Criminal Vibes Remix).mp3 Anthony Grant – 1-2-3-4 – Original Mix).mp3 Anthonydee – Annoyed – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Becouse – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Fantastic – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – God’s Grace – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Kick – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Rhodet – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – This Is The Beat – Original).mp3 Arc, Kalls – U Got It – Radio Edit).mp3 Art Pleasure – You Feat. Jessy Howe – Original Mix).mp3 Arts, Leni – One Pub One Tony – Original.mp3 Arts, Leni – One Pub One Tony – Original).mp3 Audiosweep – Cell Up – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Debug – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Five – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Four – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall One – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Three – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Two – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Room – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Touch – Original Mix).mp3 Aumrec – Apregunno – Mogahertz Remix).mp3 Aumrec – Apregunno – Original Mix).mp3 Aumrec – Rumade – Alfred Mc Remix).mp3 Aumrec – Rumade – Original Mix).mp3 Autarc – Toolfunk013-1 – Original).mp3 B. Vivant – House Muzik – Original Mix).mp3 B.B Project – Big Party – Original Mix).mp3 Balthazar, Deepzone – Dj, Take Me Away – Radio Club Mix).mp3 Basilica – Somebody Calling You – Original Mix).mp3 Bassbeatz – I Love This Beat – Original Mix).mp3 Bastique, Romee – The Godfather – Original Mix).mp3 Beat Syndrome – Salasa Jar – Original Mix).mp3 Beatjunk – Grinning Bass – Original Mix).mp3 Ben Murray – Next Level – Original Mix).mp3 Benhams – Psychosis In A Dream – Original Mix).mp3 Benn Lian – Because I Called Her – Original Mix).mp3 Bifath – Natural Part 2 – Magru Remix).mp3 Blacksoul – Dancin Feat. Marcya – Joey Aka Jozsef Keller & Pete-R Instrumental).mp3 Bollen, Fichtner – Osama’s Groove – Original Mix).mp3 1. Adam Jace – Deepfusion (7:52) 2. Aki Bergen – M.u.s.i.c. (7:42) 3. Alexander Fog – Black Carnival (6:58) 4. Babak Shayan – Azadi Nist (5:54) 5. Basti Pieper – Orient (12:33) 6. Bucher & Kessidis – Live On (7:47) 7. Coskun & Ak – Take Me (7:45) 8. Deepgroove & Jamie Anderson – Voix (Minicoolboys Remix) (7:41) 9. Dzeta N Basile – One Of A Kind (8:48) 10. Freaks – 2 Please U (Losoul’s Surreal Visits Dub) (6:57) 11. Green Rabbit – Primal Self (4:18) 12. Hardy Heller & Alex Connors – Fred, The Pink Elephant (C-rock Wild Pitch Mix) (7:11) 13. Jerome Noak – I love L.A. (Sasha Kaktus Remix) (6:28) 14. Junior Gee – On The Floor (6:23) 15. Lazo – Caroussell (Lukas Greenberg Mix) (7:42) 16. Lukas Greenberg – The Flash (Jimmy & Fer Ferrari Mix) (8:35) 17. Markus Wesen – Soulful House Music (Original) (9:10) 18. Minoru – 68.71 Per Cent (8:35) 19. Nick Curly – Deep Breath (6:56) 20. Nicole Moudaber – Dilemma (7:36) 21. Nikola Gala – Bring In ‘da Funk (6:08) 22. Nikola Gala – Timeless City (6:41) 23. Pelle Buys – Kiss The Ground (6:37) 24. Roberto Rodriguez – Whisper (7:58) 25. Sebastian Porter – Labamba (Original) (8:04) 26. Sven Kegel & Heino Helck – Wellenbrecher (8:11) 27. The Timewriter – HERE COMES THE SUN (Stryke’s Sunshine State of Mind Remix) (8:16)1. Carl Cox – Nexus (Original Mix) (6:14) 2. Carl Cox – Nexus (Foamo Mix) (6:15) 3. Carl Cox – Nexus (Foamo Dub Mix) (6:15) 4. Carl Cox – Nexus (Tomy De Clerque Mix) (7:52) Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Kronic Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Mobin Master & Tate Strauss Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Rave Radio Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Rocket Pimp Remix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Bass Threat – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Call To 911 – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Deadly Crash – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Fashion Factory – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Get Down Low – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Glance In The Future – Original Mix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Digital Department Remix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Erdi Irmak Remix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Original Mix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Reelaux Not So Dirty Remix).mp3 Brian Bloom, Franky Malloy, Mc G – We Live 4 The Weekend – Original Mix).mp3 Bruno Nasty – Ablana – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt – Get Told – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt – Locked In Trip – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt, Yemi – Music Takes Me Higher – Original Mix).mp3 Camilo Picon – Isotonico – Original Mix).mp3 Chirik Burnlive, Fenix Modest – Acid Smith – Original Mix).mp3 Chris Blum – Extrascharf – Patrick Arbez Remix).mp3 Chris Blum – Josephine – Original).mp3 Chris Blum – Knock Out – Original).mp3 Chris Blum – Sonnenwende – Original).mp3 Chriss Ortega, Christian Hinzer – The Groove – Nicola Fasano, Steve Forest Mix).mp3 City Capture – Any Kind Of Season – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Collide – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Crossfire – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Mirror Surface – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – The Cube – Original Mix).mp3 Coming Out – Start Again – Datamotion Edit Remix).mp3 Coopa – Stutter – 1 Fish, Two Fish Remix).mp3 Coopa – Stutter – Original Mix).mp3 Crazy House Dj’s, Joseph One – Supulo – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Exploited, Alan Lockwood – On Road – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Vecchi – Chinatown – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Vecchi – Confusion – Original Mix).mp3 Da Groovemakers – On The Road Again – Original Mix) – 1).mp3 Da Groovemakers – On The Road Again – Original Mix).mp3 Daily – Kalavalier – Original Mix).mp3 Damian William – Qulove – Original Mix).mp3 Damien J. Carter, Matt Devereaux, Michael Maze – Ticket To Somewhere Feat. Andy P – Claudio Lari Remix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Around Of Consciousness – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Dark Room Of The Earth – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Minimal Injection – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Underwater – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti & Stenli Tong – Impulse Of Sound – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Steinberg – Tansania – Original Mix).mp3 Danny Darko, Toni Lewis – Full Moon – Original Mix).mp3 Dapayk & Padberg – Island Feat. Caro – Florian Meindl Remix).mp3 Dapayk Solo – Child Of The Night – Formatb Remix).mp3 Dario Ruzzier – Commit – Original Mix).mp3 Darwin & Backwall – Ask For More – Maxime Zarcone Remix).mp3 Data Mc – Fever – K-Paul Remix).mp3 Dave Copp, Tommy Mckinley – Coca – Original Mix).mp3 Dave Dumper, Sim Wiener – P.B.S. – Original Mix).mp3 Dave Rose, Alexei & Carlos Kinn – Get The Funky – Original Mix).mp3 David Costa – Lost In The Space – Original Mix).mp3 David Del Olmo, Christian Hard, Andy Cardenas – Take Me Higher – Original).mp3 David Hopperman, Automann – Crytical Feat. Ollie James – Nick Waters & Stephane Karl Remix).mp3 David Kriss – Break Tha Da – Radio Edit).mp3 Davizzino Barretti – Tiro Al Gato – Adi Granth Remix).mp3 Davizzino Barretti – Tiro Al Gato – Alejandro Fernandez Remix).mp3 Davizzino Barretti – Tiro Al Gato – Original Mix).mp3 Davizzino Barretti – Tiro Al Gato – Samuel Plasencia Remix).mp3 D-Becker – Hasten – Vlad Saber Remix).mp3 Deenos B. – Moonpol – Original Mix).mp3 Deenos B. – Panktak – Original Mix).mp3 Deenos B. – Sol – Original Mix).mp3 Denis Underground – I Am Alien Composer – Original Mix).mp3 Denis Underground – Ufo Electro Club – Original Mix).mp3 Deprogres, Droplex – We Return From Physical – Original Mix).mp3 Deprogres, Droplex – We Return From Physical – Stephen Advance Remix).mp3 Diego Quintero – Ficken Herz – Original Mix).mp3 Dietrich, Strolch – Dismission – Canson Remix).mp3 Dirk Dreyer –

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Techno track #6 [click

techno track free 01. Jack Back Feat. David Guetta, Nicky Romero, Sia - Wild One Two (Original Mix) 02. Ivan Gough & Feenixpawl feat. Georgi Kay - In My Mind (Axwell Mix) 03. Nicky Romero - Generation 303 (Original Mix) 04. Madeon - Icarus (Original Mix) 05. Bingo Players - L'Amour (Original Mix) 06. Claptone - Cream (Original Mix) 07. Qulinez - Troll (Original Mix) 08. TJR - Funky Vodka (Original Mix) 09. Skrillex & The Doors - Breakn' A Sweat (Zedd Remix) 10. Sander Van Doorn - Chasin' (Original Mix) 11. David Jones - E Samba (Club Mix) 12. David Jones - Heya (Original Mix) 13. Larry Gee - Yo Mamma (Original Mix) (Cut) 14. Starkillers & Dmitry KO - Don't Hold Back (Original Mix) 15. Zenbi - Double Trouble (Stefano Noferini Remix) 16. Hard Rock Sofa - Quasar (Original Mix) 17. Datsik, Kill The Noise - Lightspeed (Original Mix) 18. Otto Knows - Million Voices (Original Mix) 19. Afrojack, Shermanology - Can't Stop Me (Club Mix) 20. Antillas feat. Fiora - Damaged (Main Mix) 21. Wolfgang Gartner - There And Back (Original Mix) 22. Seamus Haji, Cevin Fisher - I Love The Music (Manuel De La Mare, Alex Kenji Remix) 23. Laidback Luke, Arno Cost & Norman Doray – Trilogy (Original Mix) 24. Adam Port - Someone To Love (Original Mix) 25. Nari & Milani vs Maurizio Gubellini - Up (Instrumental) 26. Adana Twins - Everyday (Original Mix) 27. Joe Garston - That's What She Said (Original Mix) 28. Huxley - Let It Go (Original Mix) 29. Coldplay - Charlie Brown (Dave Aude Remix) 30. Tuccillo & Kiki Navarro feat. Amor - Lovery (Original Mix) 31. Mat's Mattara feat Rockman - Let's Party (Instrumental Mix) 32. Lifelike & Kris Menace - Discopolis (David Jones Remix) 33. Mario Ochoa - The Indian Express (Original Mix) 34. DubVision - All By Myself (Original Mix) 35. Disco Stu & John Monkman - Don't Have To Be Beautiful (Original Mix) 36. Gel Abril & Andrea Oliva - Scene (Original Mix) 37. Pirupa - Party Non Stop (Vocal) 38. Sebastien Drums, Niles Mason - French Rules (Muzzaik Remix) 39. Btsound - Sunshine (Federico Scavo Remix) 40. Peruz, Mat's Mattara - Mono (Mat's Mattara, Peruz Mix) 41. Tommy Trash - Cascade (Original Mix) 42. Richard Grey - Lady (Federico Scavo Remix) 43. Luigi Rocca & Manuel De La Mare - Opa-Locka (Original Club Mix) 44. Pavel Petrov - Koral (Metodi Hristov Remix) 45. Mowgli Feat. Amber Jolene - Back In The Day (Original Mix) 46. Noisia - Diplodocus (Kill The Noise Remix) 47. Feed Me - One Click Headshot (Original Mix) 48. Sian, Mladen Tomic - Front Pocket (Nicole Moudaber Remix) 49. DJ PP, Silversix - Fucking Amazing (Original Mix) 50. John Dahlback - Life (Original Mix) 51. Nari & Milani vs. Maurizio Gubellini - Slash (Original Mix) 52. Kellerkind - Backflash (Original Mix) 53. Crazibiza - Hard (Original Mix) 54. Zedd - Stars Come Out (Datsik Remix) 55. Claptone - Good To You (Original Mix) 56. Claude VonStroke, Jaw - Le Fantome (Original Mix) 57. Addy Van Der Zwan, Hithouse, Jerry Beke - Jack To The Sound Of The Underground 2012 (Addy van der Zwan, Jerry Beke Mix) 58. Nicky Romero - Toulouse (Original Mix) 59. Maetrik - The Reason (Original Mix) 60. Jay Lumen - The Drummer (Original Mix) 61. Stefano Noferini - Airscape (Original Mix) 62. Macromism - Rave nu world (Original Mix) 63. Gareth Emery Feat. Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (Original Mix) 64. Todd Terje - Inspector Norse (Original Mix) 65. Trent Cantrelle - Night Like This (Original Mix) 66. Elef - Tales Of 88 (Huxley Remix) 67. Adana Twins - Strange (Original Mix) 68. Laura Jones - Inner Place (Original Mix) 69. Pan-Pot & G-Tech - Gravity (Original Mix) 70. David Jones - Gigolo (Les Bijoux Remix) 71. Coldplay - Paradise (Fedde Le Grand Remix) 72. Thugfucker, Tale Of Us, Life And Death - Morgana (Original Mix) 73. Rene Amesz & Ruell - Hope (Original Club Mix) 74. Firebeatz - Where's Your Head At (Original Mix 75. Dani Casarano, Felipe Valenzuela, Demian Muller - Hole In The Middle (Original Mix) 76. Hardwell - Spaceman (Original Version) 77. Rebel - Hearing Voices (Original Mix) 78. Mousse T - Horny (Radio Slave, Thomas Gandey Just 17 Mix) 79. Mr Bizz - Bamboo (Original Mix) 80. Louie FRESCO - So Good (Original Mix) 81. Uner - Cocoua (Original Mix) 82. Knife Party - Internet Friends (Original Mix) 83. Jay Lumen - Whatever You Want (Original Mix) 84. Mat Zo - Bipolar (Original Mix) 85. Roger Sanchez, Sidney Samson - Flashing Lights (Kid Massive Remix) 86. 501 - Headrush feat. Belle Humble (Original Mix) 87. Mark Fanciulli - Sacrifice (Original Mix) 88. Robbie Rivera (feat. JES) – Turn It Around (Robbie Rivera's Juicy Beach Mix) 89. Die & Break - Grand Funk Hustle (Original Mix) 90. Gavin Herlihy - Witching Hour (Original Mix) 91. Avesta - Arena (Original Mix) 92. Zedd - Slam The Door (Original Mix) 93. Lucky Date - I Want You (Original Mix) 94. Umek - Sunday at El Row (Original Mix) 95. Stereo Express - Shadoorack (Original Mix) 96. Paul Thomas & Weekend Heroes - Morena (Original Mix) 97. Neuroxyde & Sisko Electrofanatik - Funkalistic (Original Mix) (Cut) 98. Unknown Artist - What You Need (Coat Of Arms Mix) 99. Chuckie - Together (Original Club Mix) 100. Pachanga Boys - Time (Orginal Mix) 1. Nico Dacido & Chrome - Propan (Original Mix) [7:33] 2. Makarov - Give It A Beat [4:7] 3. Spark Taberner & Oliver Kucera - Anoxic Zone [6:13] 4. Perr0 - L!ke That [11:33] 5. Popperman - Enola Gay [5:3] 6. Minitronix & Funky Brize - Out Of Space (Original Mix) [6:52] 7. Alex Brick - Cricis [4:18] 8. Vincent Dacosta - Atmosphere [5:24] 9. Eugene Navatta - Devil Inside (Original Mix) [10:30] 10. Pasquale Maassen - Zypameth [6:45] 11. Alexander Kvitta - Annunaki [6:18] 12. Onassis - At War (Dj T. A. G. Remix) [5:43] 13. Basscraft - Night Rush 2.0 [6:6] 14. Aston Martinez - Seduction (Mixx Labs Remix) [6:5] 15. Dj Emeriq - She Likes It [8:15] 16. Zippie - The Other Face [8:56] 17. Patrice W. - Stop Talking (Teequ Remix) [6:23] 18. Schrei Leben - Looking Monsters (Original Mix) [6:36] 19. Richard Hanno - Land Of The Free (Original Mix) [8:8] 20. Jmix - White Widow [8:16] 21. Benny Lehmann - Booster (Original Mix) [4:37] 22. Slavo Mir - Cultum Deum (Original Mix) [8:32] 23. Freshbass - Rainbow Fixing (Original) [8:56] 24. Ziv Avriel & Diablo - Tired Awake (Original Mix) [7:10] 25. Oleg Shumand - Techno Kolt (Original) [7:58] 26. Pete Van Payne - Pyramids [6:20] 27. Pete Van Payne - Circularism [7:51] 28. Ben Quarman - Alpha 16 [6:53] 29. D-Noise - Last Legs (Original Mix) [6:42] 30. Stana & Qbass - Purple Shit (Johann Stone Remix) [6:49] 31. Ground Spain - Techno Love (Original Mix) [7:12] 32. Brog Dah - Farrow [7:5] 33. Romanolito - Ambush (Original Mix) [5:55] 34. Whilo - Holy Shit (Original Mix) [9:10] 35. Steve Haze - Allright Sex (Trs Remix) [7:55] 1. Adapter - Another Day (Original Mix) underground (6:45) 2. Adapter - Coincidence (Original Mix) underground (8:30) 3. Adapter - Ussio (Original Mix) underground (8:18) 4. Afrobeat Aka Massa - Green Days (Alex Costa Remix) Formula Recs Digital Factomania (7:39) 5. Alessan Main - Tesitura (Original Mix) Station Group Records (6:47) 6. Alessan Main - Voces y Cristales (Original Mix) Station Group Records (6:54) 7. Alex Celler - Sourire Du Sphinx (Original Mix) Leftroom Limited (10:18) 8. Alex Mine - Me & My Soul (Original Mix) Musex Industries (6:32) 9. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Original Mix) Musex Industries (7:01) 10. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Supersobresaturado Remix) Musex Industries (5:14) 11. Alex Tepper, Min, Chriss Vogt - Bourbon Street Swing (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:58) 12. Alexander Gallomoretti - Under The Skin & Over The Head (Original Mix) SDK Klub (6:33) 13. Artful Dice - Early Night (Original Mix) Zelos Deep (6:25) 14. Bas Struik - BM12 (Original Mix) Nightworx (7:23) 15. Bunte Bummler - I Cant Tell You (Original Mix) Mono Recordings (6:59) 16. Bunte Bummler - Mama Said Its Right (Original Mix) Mono Recordings (6:36) 17. Cala Vega - Viva Castro (Nico Camargo Remix) Revenge Records (8:07) 18. Carlo Cavalli, Eros Locatelli - Mexico (Dany Cohiba Remix) Carlo Cavalli Music Group (6:55) 19. Carlo Cavalli, Roby Star - Marimba (Club Mix) Carlo Cavalli Music Group (6:45) 20. Catz 'n Dogz - Mass Confusion (Original Mix) Pets Recordings (5:23) 21. Chapeau Claque - Last Dance (Enliven Deep Acoustics & Kenny Leaven Remix) UNA Music (8:49) 22. Chapeau Claque - Last Dance (Mathias Kaden What Do You Feel Remix) UNA Music (7:54) 23. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Alexis Valencia Remix) LED Records (7:10) 24. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Andres Blows Remix) LED Records (6:17) 25. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Jairo Delli Remix) LED Records (7:37) 26. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Joan Ibanez & Tony Roguez Remix) LED Records (6:16) 27. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Luigi Laner Remix) LED Records (6:12) 28. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Original Mix) LED Records (6:45) 29. Christian Baez - Circo Loco (Santi Lafonte Remix) LED Records (8:20) 30. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Crystal Meth Barbie (Original Mix) Highgrade Records Germany (6:59) 31. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Original Mix) Highgrade Records Germany (7:45) 32. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Todd Bodines Bass Edit) Highgrade Records Germany (7:11) 33. Claire Ripley, Zeitgeist - Need You (Tom Clark Remix) Highgrade Records Germany (8:29) 34. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Dirty Money Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (7:19) 35. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Illusions Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (7:13) 36. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - Lacusta Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (8:42) 37. Daniel Pscheid, Gene Richards Adnew - You Original (Original) Session Deluxe Recordings (6:24) 38. Dave Angel & Ken Ishii - Type E (Temma-Teje Remix) Plaza In Crowd (6:56) 39. Dave Angel - Counter Wave (Jamie Anderson Remix V1) Plaza In Crowd (9:13) 40. Dave Angel - Counter Wave (Jamie Anderson Remix V2) Plaza In Crowd (7:06) 41. Dave Angel - On Point (Marco Bailey Remix) Plaza In Crowd (5:48) 42. Dave Angel - Zulu (Satoshi Fumi Remix) Plaza In Crowd (7:36) 43. Dennis Reich - People Run (Original Mix) Simple As That Records (7:07) 44. Dennis Reich - People Run (Sven Tasnadi Remix) Simple As That Records (8:24) 45. Dennis Reich - Queen Jacobi (Kollektiv Ost Remix) Simple As That Records (8:20) 46. Dennis Reich - Queen Jacobi (Original Mix) Simple As That Records (7:00) 47. DFlame - Black Musique (Angel Navarro Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:12) 48. DFlame - Black Musique (Ovidi Adlert Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:11) 49. DFlame - Black Musique (Rob Lamberti Remix) Darkside Digital Records (7:44) 50. DJ Simi - Big Rip (Matt Star Remix) Kling Klong (7:06) 51. DJ Simi - Big Rip (Original Mix) Kling Klong (7:55) 52. Dosem - Replicants (Edu Imbernon and Coyu Remix) Suara (7:40) 53. Dosem - Replicants (Johannes Heil Barefoot Remix) Suara (8:39) 54. Dosem - Replicants (Original Mix) Suara (6:39) 55. DrBerger - Housekeeping (Rich Vom Dorf Remix) Tanzbar digital (6:37) 56. El Coyote - Santisimo (Instrumental) Ican Productions (5:26) 57. El Coyote - Santisimo featuring Iris Cepeda (Vocal Mix) Ican Productions (7:10) 58. GgDeX - Disco Wombat (Mario Piu Revisited) Kling Klong (7:27) 59. Gianni Ruocco - Medejean (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (7:10) 60. Gina, Bas Amro - Everywhere - Chris Lattner Remix Katchuli (6:13) 61. Grafiti - Fascination (Dance Disorder Remix) Armada Music (8:20) 62. Guille Placencia, DartDaKman - Tour of London (Original Mix) Looping Records (6:46) 63. House Head - Pacha Desert (Original Mix) Subtone Records (7:52) 64. Ian Dunlop - Vier (Original Mix) Diva Records Italy (6:52) 65. Ian Dunlop - Vier (Ronan Teague Remix) Diva Records Italy (7:30) 66. iMotion - Red Sponge (Original Mix) Soul Industries (6:56) 67. Javi Rodenas, Harry Jason - Bitch Up (Original Mix) Micronecta Records (8:07) 68. Javi Rodenas, Harry Jason - Bitch Up (Original Non Guitar Mix) Micronecta Records (16:49) 69. Jesse Voorn & Pink Fluid - Simply Magic (Fine Touch Remix) Sound Division (5:53) 70. John Lagora - Dink (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (7:20) 71. Jon Rundell - Dubno (Cristian Varela Remix) Pornographic Recordings (5:39) 72. Jon Rundell - Tom Foolery (Original Mix) Pornographic Recordings (7:12) 73. JR Disco - Streets (Banana Groovz Funky Tek Streetz Remix) 4Disco Records (6:08) 74. JUST2 - Fuck Spresso (Original Mix) Trebol Records (7:17) 75. JUST2 - Peace And Quiet (Original Mix) Trebol Records (8:43) 76. Kaum - Manhattan Party (Ahautzab Remix) Music Things (8:11) 77. Marc Rempel - Voices In My Head (Original Mix) Kuess Mich Vinyl (7:47) 78. Marc Romboy - Feelin' (Christian Smith Remix) Tronic (7:20) 79. Marc Romboy - Feelin' (Original Mix) Tronic (7:09) 80. Marcio Kantana - Trenceologie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (8:12) 81. Marcisco, Mikel B - Some (Original Mix) Twisted Shuffle (6:19) 82. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Shakey Solar (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (5:13) 83. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Stars & Shines (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (7:04) 84. Marco Bailey, Tom Hades - Why Don't You Answer (Original Mix) Bedrock Records (6:44) 85. Marty Lightbody - Only Dancin (Original Mix) Audiablo Records Ltd (7:22) 86. Min, Chriss Vogt - A Matter Of Taste (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:51) 87. Min, Chriss Vogt - All People (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:10) 88. Min, Chriss Vogt - Barcelona City Hop (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (3:56) 89. Min, Chriss Vogt - Comfort Me (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (7:06) 90. Min, Chriss Vogt - Lazy Floozies SmokinPot (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:37) 91. Min, Chriss Vogt - T Raumstation (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:45) 92. Min, Chriss Vogt - Walkin Away (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:10) 93. Min, Chriss Vogt - With N Egg Feat Wipa (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (5:49) 94. Min, Ehyun, Chriss Vogt - The Revenge Of The Phunky Ho (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:32) 95. Min, Thorsten Graeber - Open Mind (Original Mix) Yellow Tail (6:39) 96. Mr Fluff - Chasing Love (Original Mix) Pixelated Waves (6:08) 97. NDKj - Step Back (Original Mix) 303Lovers (6:34) 98. Nick Shepherd - Romantische Strasse (Original Mix) Undeliving Recordings (7:06) 99. Nora En Pure - Pasadena (Original Mix) Enormous Tunes (6:50) 100. NotoMash - Moon Dancer (Original Mix) Unt Records (8:43) 101. Ovr Kill - Ink On My Arm (Douglas Greed Remix) Kling Klong (6:51) 102. Ovr Kill - Ink On My Arm (Original) Kling Klong (7:18) 103. Paul Loraine - Wish You Were (Original Mix) Vitalik Recordings (6:57) 104. Paul Loraine - Wish You Were (Soulade Reconstruction) Vitalik Recordings (7:04) 105. Rhomtec - Umbra (Original Mix) ToolBox House (7:13) 106. Robbert Mendez - You Are DJ (Instrumental) We Love Sounds (7:15) 107. Robbert Mendez - You Are DJ (Vocal) We Love Sounds (7:15) 108. Room 202 - Ghana (Ant Brooks Remix) Redbox Records (7:17) 109. Room 202 - Ghana (Original Mix) Redbox Records (7:40) 110. Sanya Shelest, EscApe - Crazy Town (Original Mix) Skilled Records (6:56) 111. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Analogue System (Abby J Remix) Pild Records (7:39) 112. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Analogue System (Original Mix) Pild Records (7:41) 113. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Funky Peolple (Original Mix) Pild Records (8:36) 114. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Funky Peolple (Ugur Project Remix) Pild Records (7:13) 115. Saverio Celestri, Tausend - Hunting Party (Original Mix) Pild Records (9:20) 116. Sebastien Leger - Wesh Wesh Wesh (FormatB Remix) Mistakes Music (6:52) 117. Sebastien Leger - Wesh Wesh Wesh (Original Mix) Mistakes Music (7:24) 118. Sergio Pardo - Lucian Night (Original Mix) Rene Records (7:39) 119. Sergio Pardo - Tribal Party (Original Mix) Rene Records (7:12) 120. Simone Marmellosi - Passion Before Money (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (7:48) 121. Simone Marmellosi - Wearing Black (Original Mix) Steel Ground Records (8:24) 122. Smoke Sykes - Pumpin Jumpin (Dandy Hungary & Invoice Remix) Yoruba Grooves (6:50) 123. Smoke Sykes - Pumpin Jumpin (Original Mix) Yoruba Grooves (7:41) 124. Smoke Sykes - Snatch (Dandy Hungary & Invoice Remix) Yoruba Grooves (7:16) 125. Smoke Sykes - Snatch (Original Mix) Yoruba Grooves (7:29) 126. Sofa Tunes - Try (Original Mix) Wanda Recordings (4:59) 127. Solunamanalia - Salvadore (Original Mix) Dutchie Music (5:59) 128. Soulade - On The Side (Paul Loraine Remix) Vitalik Recordings (5:09) 129. Stefano Tropeano - Betty Blue (Original Mix) Rococo Records (7:34) 130. Stefano Tropeano - Flash Mob (Original Mix) Rococo Records (7:52) 131. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Alex Roque & Marcelo Vak Remix) Deep Xperience (7:17) 132. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Original Mix) Deep Xperience (7:56) 133. Tony Thomas - Speedy T (Pille & Lushi Remix) Deep Xperience (7:18) 134. UMEK, Olivier Giacomotto - This Sound (Original Mix) 1605 (7:19) 135. Vlada Asanin - Manos Arriba (Original Mix) Definitive Recordings (7:08) 136. Yuman Grogorov - Dorothea (Original Mix) Code2 Records (6:11) 137. Yuman Grogorov - Tempelhofer Damm (Original Mix) Code2 Records (6:23) Techno 1. Alan Live - Intro of Dawn Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (4:48) 2. Alan Live - Post Mortem Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (5:58) 3. Alan Live - Traum Original Mix (Original Mix) Flatlife Wired (7:19) 4. Alex DElia, Nihil Young - Techno Is Ft ANNA (Alex Di Stefano Remix) Frequenza (7:11) 5. Alex DElia, Nihil Young - Techno Is Ft ANNA (Norbert Davenport & MGJ Remix) Frequenza (7:44) 6. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Fat Cat Ilogical Remix) Musex Industries (8:47) 7. Alex Mine - Music Sounds Better (Inaki Kreator Remix) Musex Industries (7:01) 8. Alexey Kuznetsov - Positive (Original Mix) MK60 Records (7:10) 9. Andreas Bergmann - Undo (Original Mix) Moral Fiber (8:04) 10. Andreas Bergmann - Undo (Petar Cvetkovic Remix) Moral Fiber (7:31) 11. Andy P - Vault (Original Mix) Subwoofer Records (7:31) 12. Bas Thomas - Monster In My Closet (Original Mix) Naked Lunch (6:00) 13. Ben Hills - Moog Vs Strat (Berger Mix) Nachtexpress Records (6:44) 14. Ben Hills - Most Wanted (Klingberger Mix) Nachtexpress Records (8:26) 15. Big Show - Here I Am (Dich Remix) Raccoon Records (6:41) 16. Big Show - Here I Am (Micube Remix) Raccoon Records (7:33) 17. Big Show - Here I Am (Original Mix) Raccoon Records (7:56) 18. Big Show - Here I Am (UniTeQ Remix) Raccoon Records (7:22) 19. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Kasey Remix) Harthouse (6:54) 20. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Mazel Source Remix) Harthouse (6:44) 21. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Reblok Acid Remix) Harthouse (6:36) 22. Boris Brejcha - Schaltzentrale (Tim Engelhardt Nachtglanz Remix) Harthouse (5:51) 23. Carlo Whale - Obvious (Original) Kan Records (8:22) 24. Carlo Whale - Pluck (Original) Kan Records (7:00) 25. Clouds - Optic (Jesper Dahlback Remix) Turbo Recordings (6:16) 26. Clouds - Optic (Original Mix) Turbo Recordings (5:47) 27. David Prap, Willy Real - Lost In Space (Dehix Remix) Inlab Recordings (7:50) 28. David Prap, Willy Real - Lost In Space (Original Mix) Inlab Recordings (6:55) 29. DavidChristoph - Summertime (Original Mix) Nachtstrom Schallplatten (7:56) 30. Deface - Droid (Original Mix) CRUX (6:32) 31. Deface - FAH Q (Original Mix) CRUX (5:20) 32. DKuhl - Sahara (Original Mix) Varianz Records (8:25) 33. DKuhl - Weltenbummler (Original Mix) Varianz Records (7:45) 34. Doctor Trash - Thats The K (Original) Klender Limited (8:07) 35. Ferhat Albayrak - Requiem (Lance Blaise Remix) Jeton Records (8:11) 36. Ferhat Albayrak - Requiem (Original Mix) Jeton Records (5:47) 37. IDigger - Tripping (Original Mix) Eastar Records (6:44) 38. Ivano Bellini, Gianni Ruocco - Rodadero (Original Mix) Black & Purple Recordings (7:43) 39. Jens Guetschow - Unforgotten (Deep Version) KW Music (5:39) 40. Jericho Knox - The Way I Am (Original Mix) Crossing Over Records (7:40) 41. Jim Rivers - Airport Vultures (Original Mix) Intec (7:13) 42. Jim Rivers - Bells Feat Joash (Original Mix) Intec (4:29) 43. Jim Rivers - Miles Away (Original Mix) Intec (3:21) 44. Jim Rivers - Nearly There (Original Mix) Intec (2:57) 45. Jim Rivers - On The Line (Original Mix) Intec (6:53) 46. Jim Rivers - Phoenix (Original Mix) Intec (5:55) 47. Jim Rivers - Product (Original Mix) Intec (3:11) 48. Jim Rivers - Sleepless In Detroit (Original Mix) Intec (5:52) 49. Jim Rivers - Tangent (Original Mix) Intec (6:22) 50. Jim Rivers - The Seventh Degree (Original Mix) Intec (5:44) 51. Jim Rivers - We Can Do This All Night (Original Mix) Intec (8:02) 52. Jim Rivers - When I Needed You Feat Mark Underdown (Original Mix) Intec (6:50) 53. Jim Rivers - Your Love (Original Mix) Intec (6:32) 54. John Lagora - Down (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (8:54) 55. John Lagora - Down (Ramon Tapia Remix) Mindshake Records (8:08) 56. John Lagora - Maersk (Original Mix) Mindshake Records (8:14) 57. Jon Rundell - Dubno (Original Mix) Pornographic Recordings (8:15) 58. Julian Brand - Paranormal (Original Mix) Analogeffekt Records (6:48) 59. Juno 6 - chain (Original Mix) Broque (3:55) 60. Juno 6 - darkonia (Original Mix) Broque (9:04) 61. Juno 6 - deadlock (Original Mix) Broque (8:07) 62. Juno 6 - state of flux (Original Mix) Broque (6:41) 63. Juno 6 - sub rosa (Original Mix) Broque (7:46) 64. Kardinal, Lowkey - Acid Slug (Original Mix) AFULAB (8:18) 65. Kardinal, Lowkey - Purple Wave (Exclusive Track) AFULAB (8:35) 66. Kardinal, Lowkey - Spangle (Original Mix) AFULAB (8:43) 67. Marcio Kantana - Dialogie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (6:34) 68. Mark Dekoda - Music For The People (Original Mix) Bosphorus Underground Recordings (6:35) 69. Milto Serano - Benoized (Thorsten Heiser Remix) Free Spirit Records (8:19) 70. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Antoni Bios Remix) VOL0101 Records (7:18) 71. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Fuskys Dark Tribe Tool) VOL0101 Records (5:58) 72. Milto Serano - Loco Tribe (Original Mix) VOL0101 Records (6:49) 73. MILU - Marijuana (Original Mix) Chocolate Dealer Records (5:00) 74. NDKj - Step Back (Luigi Rocca Edit) 303Lovers (6:35) 75. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (bandpass Remix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:06) 76. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (Original Mix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:16) 77. NOSIGNAL - New Delhi (Smallrice Remix) Chocolate Dealer Records (6:00) 78. Oleg Mass - Fragment Scrap (Original Mix) Einwanderer Records (7:05) 79. Ormatie - Only (Original Mix) Hope Recordings (5:27) 80. Perc - Gonkle (Bitten By The Black Dog) Perc Trax (6:22) 81. Perc - My Head Is Slowly Exploding (Ancient Methods Remix) Perc Trax (7:03) 82. Perc - Start Chopping (Tommy Four Seven Remix) Perc Trax (5:53) 83. Perc - You Saw Me (Sigha & Truss Remix) Perc Trax (7:46) 84. Pete Lopez, Marlon D - Shes Obsessed (Antranigs Ocd Instrumental) Lost In House (8:07) 85. Psyk - Second Trail (Original Mix) Figure (6:19) 86. Psyk - Third Trail (Original Mix) Figure (6:19) 87. Reagen - Synthtetic (Original) Microfreak Records (7:27) 88. Rob Belleville - Close The Distance (Original Mix) purebox (6:11) 89. Rob Belleville - From Midnight til Daylight (Original Mix) purebox (6:03) 90. Rob Belleville - Massive Melting (Original Mix) purebox (6:11) 91. Rob Belleville - Massive Melting (Ryogo Yamamoris Purebox Mix) purebox (6:16) 92. Simon Wish - Dreams (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:46) 93. Simon Wish - Over This Lay feat Jesse Michael (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:14) 94. Simon Wish - Passion (Original Mix) Circle Music (7:05) 95. Slad - Notch (Original Mix) Technoland (7:03) 96. Slad - Third Cabinet (Original Mix) Technoland (6:25) 97. Soundmanipulator - Una Preva (Bruno Ledesma & Lucas Ezequiel) NuLabel (9:01) 98. Soundmanipulator - Una Preva (Original Mix) NuLabel (6:03) 99. Soundmanipulator - Want To Play A Game (Original Mix) NuLabel (6:24) 100. Takuya Yamashita - Mars (Original Mix) Outpost Recordings (7:15) 101. Tebler - Komputaa (Original) FIR Records (5:34) 102. The Micronaut - Schleie (MollonoBass Remix) Acker Records (4:49) 103. UMEK, Olivier Giacomotto - This Sound (Sasha Carassi Phobiq Remix) 1605 (6:40) 104. Vince Noog - Vision (Original Mix) purebox (6:48) 105. Vince Noog - Vision (Ryogo Yamamoris Mix) purebox (7:25) 106. Vlada Asanin - Monkey Business (Original Mix) Definitive Recordings (6:06 Minimal 1. Acetato 3, Diezzera - Im Loco (Original Mix) Attary Records (7:39) 2. Acetato 3, Lado B - Minimalna (Original Mix) Attary Records (5:57) 3. Acetato 3, Lado B - Start Game (Original Mix) Attary Records (7:00) 4. Alberto la Torre - First Pop (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:27) 5. Alberto la Torre - Invisible (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:04) 6. Alberto la Torre - Wilderness (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (7:21) 7. Bjoern Efinger - Tropical Drums (Jule Grasz Remix) Starcake Records (6:14) 8. Bjoern Efinger - Tropical Drums (Original Mix) Starcake Records (7:39) 9. Cmore Trix - The Wiggler (Glitter Remix) 4slash4 (6:01) 10. Cmore Trix - The Wiggler (Original Mix) 4slash4 (5:09) 11. Dago DJ - Black Jungle (Endy DJ) Drugstore Records (5:40) 12. Dave Angel & Ken Ishii - Type E (Shin Nishimura Remix) Plaza In Crowd (7:18) 13. Dirt, Nail - Bishop (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:07) 14. Dirt, Nail - Pleasing Plow (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:43) 15. Dirt, Nail - Radio (Original Mix) Psicodelica (6:35) 16. Djafar - Rich And Rush (Original) Wald Und Wiese (6:12) 17. Djafar - Saw Dark (Original) Wald Und Wiese (5:42) 18. Dog, off - Star Eksho (Original Mix) Digital Music Labels (6:49) 19. Dog, off - Trill Cat (Randoom Remix) Digital Music Labels (8:17) 20. Double M - Andive (Original Mix) MFR (6:28) 21. Falke, Vogelbein - Papa (Orginal) Get Minimal Music (6:37) 22. Falke, Vogelbein - Smokers (Original) Get Minimal Music (7:06) 23. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Brojanowski Daddy Remix) Der Hut (6:06) 24. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Felix Lorussos Flat Broke Remix) Der Hut (6:58) 25. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Kamika Remix) Der Hut (6:56) 26. Felix Bernhardt - Rombola (Original Mix) Der Hut (6:26) 27. Joe Dominguez - Boombox (Original Mix) Digital Music Labels (6:44) 28. Juan Ddd, Bedoya - Relik (Original Mix) Starten Music (7:15) 29. Luca Aversano - The Beating of Wings a Butterfly (Original Mix) Unistory Music (7:18) 30. Lyr - Kepler 9b (Original Mix) From A Tree (5:36) 31. Mac Vaughn - Funnel Cloud (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:03) 32. Mac Vaughn - This Is Just A Test Mas (Original Mix) Berlin Aufnahmen (6:20) 33. Marcio Kantana - Analogie (Original Mix) Aspekt Records (6:31) 34. Marco Furnari - Nightmare (Original Mix) Infernal Poison Publisher (7:30) 35. Marco Furnari - Rabbithole (Original Mix) Infernal Poison Publisher (6:30) 36. Marco Sapiens - Body 2 Body (Nitro Mix) Groove On (7:29) 37. Marco Sapiens - Body 2 Body (Original Mix) Groove On (7:25) 38. Mark Dekoda - Why Dont You (Original Mix) Bosphorus Underground Recordings (6:02) 39. Matt Funkk - Elephant (Original Mix) Consumed Records (8:19) 40. Matt Funkk - Evolve (Original Mix) Consumed Records (7:42) 41. Michael Lovatt - Howler (Damolh33 Remix) Melonsound (6:30) 42. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Original Mix) Sound Lab (5:46) 43. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Weskors Dream Remix) Sound Lab (5:56) 44. Minitronik - Flash Forward (Wocky Remix) Sound Lab (4:25) 45. Mounsie - Are U Scared (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:46) 46. Mounsie - Black Russian (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:31) 47. Mounsie - Made In Turkey (Original Mix) Piso Records (6:28) 48. Oleg Mass - Interpretation (Original Mix) Einwanderer Records (6:48) 49. Ozen Nouse aka Enzo Porrino - Paper Heart (Original Mix) CibiCaldi Records (6:33) 50. Ozen Nouse aka Enzo Porrino - Sintetic Sky (Original Mix) CibiCaldi Records (7:23) 51. Paul Parsons - Peepin (Jamore Landson Remix) Tall House Digital (8:38) 52. Sadder - Dark Smile (Original Mix) Dser Records (6:52) 53. Sadder - Insane Friend (Original Mix) Dser Records (7:29) 54. Samuele Buselli - Jumping (Original Mix) Milk (5:05) 55. Samuele Buselli - Running (Original Mix) Milk (5:19) 56. Samuele Buselli - Wake Up (Original Mix) Milk (5:09) 57. Steve Fourez, Jason Kebble - Limestone (Original Mix) Syncope Recordz (6:17) 58. The Forest, Stimmhalt - Sunflower (Nemaier Remix) DLab Records (5:58) 59. The Forest, Stimmhalt - Sunflower (Original Mix) DLab Records (7:32) 1. Kamika - Conform [6:18] 2. Heinrichs & Hirtenfellner - Cut Bread [7:9] 3. RenГЁ Bourgeois - Mama San [7:34] 4. Maksim Dark - Die Intellektuelle Idee (Mike Wall Remix) [7:25] 5. Brojanowski - Let Me Be Your Lover [7:10] 6. Urla Ender - 13.0 (Gabriel Le Mar Remix) [6:53] 7. Roberto Mozza - One Night In Palais (Toubi Mcweird Remix) [6:24] 8. Leenn'y - Mr. Orange [6:23] 9. Nadja Lind - Aggregat No.5 [6:36] 10. Miro Pajic - Inter Fear [7:5] 11. Oliver Ton - The Whupp (Rene Bourgeois Whupp Dat Ass Remix) [7:29] 12. SoundApotheke - De De Puuh [4:50] 13. Olaf Over - Psycho Kit [4:48] 14. Norman - Zugang Voll Integriert (Syntax Error Remix) [5:44] 15. Baby Chris - Lesson In Live (Bonus Mix) [7:54] 16. Fallhead - Unten Der HГјgel (Esspapier Special Edit) [6:1] 17. Lampenfieber - The Balls [6:38] 18. f.i.e.l.d.y - High [7:8] 19. Trotzkopf - Monuciani (Nutmann Remix) [6:21] 20. Unknown Option - Once Upon A Time [5:44] 21. Monkeylovers - Hear No Evil [7:25] 22. Flea - Minx [7:38] 23. Demas - Bohnen Herbert (Sebastian Koch's Schoten Remix) [6:14] 24. Michael Burkat & Lars Klein - Das Rockt Auch! [7:3] 25. Aemkay - Hunter [8:7] minimal techno 1. Andy Martin - Ataraxia (Original Mix) (7:03) 2. Andy Martin - Human Circuit (Original Mix) (7:02) 3. Andy Martin - Popol Vuh (Original Mix) (8:18) 4. Andy Martin - Telekinesis (Original Mix) (7:47) 5. Damolh33, Hertzman - Concept (Original Mix) (6:07) 6. Damolh33, Hertzman - Moisture (Original Mix) (6:36) 7. Damolh33, Hertzman - Nimbus (Original Mix) (6:14) 8. Damolh33, Hertzman - Skill (Original Mix) (6:10) 9. Dani Sbert - Moon (Original Mix) (7:29) 10. Dani Sbert - Sun (Original Mix) (7:29) 11. Hertzman - Aeon (Original Mix) (6:07) 12. Hertzman - Fortress (Original Mix) (6:10) 13. Hertzman - Story (Original Mix) (6:13) 14. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Chris Fortier 40oz Drum Dub Tool) (3:25) 15. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Chris Fortier Remix) (7:06) 16. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Hair Band DropOut Remix) (8:39) 17. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Heat Merchantz Remix) (10:28) 18. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Joint Custody Remix) (8:57) 19. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (No Soul To Sell Remix) (8:11) 20. Joe Morgan - I Know What You Want From Me (Original Mix) (8:59) 21. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Alex Young Y2K Remix) (6:48) 22. Marco P - Numb (Landmark Remix) (7:25) 23. Mark Denken - Ducks & (Original Mix) (5:39) 24. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Francesco Bergomi May Go On To Ecuador Remix) (7:03) 25. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Andy Martin Remix) (6:42) 26. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Original Mix) (7:59) 27. Miro Pajic - Saturn Love (Tomas More Kepler 22b Remix) (7:52) 28. Swallen - OMG (Min & Mal & Doublewave Remix) (8:07) 29. Swallen - OMG (Original Mix) (6:55) 30. Swallen - OMG (Skate Remix) (6:17) 31. Tony Kauffmann, Tinney M - Alien X (Original Mix) (7:52) 32. Tony Kauffmann, Tinney M - Reconstruction (Original Mix) (7:21) 1. Alex Di Stefano - Phase One (Koen Groeneveld Remix) (6:40) 2. Alex Di Stefano - Phase One (Original Mix) (6:38) 3. Alex Villanueva - GoodFellas (Damasko Remix) (6:12) 4. AMochi - Black Reigns (Original Mix) (7:31) 5. AMochi - Phantom (Original Mix) (6:20) 6. AMochi - Stray (Original Mix) (6:05) 7. Bart Skils - Burnin (Nicole Moudaber Remix) (7:41) 8. Bart Skils - Burnin (Original Mix) (7:06) 9. D-Nox & Beckers - Sunner (Dustin Zahn Dub) (6:46) 10. D-Nox & Beckers - You Are (Bushwackas Just Be Remix) (9:13) 11. Ensaime, Alex Guesta - Hands Up (Club Mix) (8:11) 12. Funk D'Void - Counter Cat (Original Mix) (6:14) 13. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Andre Luki Remix) (6:07) 14. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Degasperi Remix) (6:55) 15. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Gabriel Noise Remix) (7:19) 16. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (LSotnas Remix) (4:16) 17. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Mendhelson Remix) (7:10) 18. Gustavo D - Never Stop the Party (Original Mix) (7:19) 19. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Original Mix) (6:20) 20. Konstantin Yoodza - Asia (Paride Saraceni & Demas Hypnodeep Remix) (7:44) 21. Margot - Liuff Settanta (Florian Meindl Remix) (7:36) 22. MiniCoolBoyz - Excuse Me (Alberto Pascual Remix) (6:24) 23. MiniCoolBoyz - Excuse Me (Marka T Remix) (6:46) 24. MiniCoolBoyz - Feel My Drums (Mladen Tomic Remix) (7:38) 25. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Luigi Madonna Remix) (6:38) 26. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Marka T Remix) (6:55) 27. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Piig & Dan Remix) (7:45) 28. MiniCoolBoyz - Lost In Lodz (Sam Paganini Remix) (7:25) 29. MiniCoolBoyz - This Is My Acid House (Black Abstract Acid House Remix) (6:39) 30. Nick Daring - Alliance (Original Mix) (7:20) 31. Paul Mac - The Process (Original Mix) (5:12) 32. Paul Mac - The Process (Paul Mac Stimulus Dub) (6:05) 33. Paul Mac - The Process (Takashi Watanabe After Hours Mix) (8:19) 34. Paul Mac - The Process (Takashi Watanabe Remix) (8:13) 35. Spada - Banga (Original Mix) (7:08) 36. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (ABrothers Remix) (7:15) 37. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Dave The Drummer Remix) (6:54) 38. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Knobs Drill Remix) (7:30) 39. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Original Mix) (5:48) 40. Spiros Kaloumenos - Second Skin (Spiriakos & Steen Remix) (5:37) 41. Stefanowitz - Atma (Original Mix) (7:17) 42. Stefanowitz - Pfhrwhapp (Original Mix) (6:43) 43. Stefanowitz - Psyche (Original Mix) (6:48) 44. Tintin - Render In (Original Mix) (7:42) A Hvich ?– Survival (Moldavius Remix) A Hvich ?– Survival (Original Mix) A Hvich ?– Survival (Stevie Wilson Remix) Aaron Santos & James Teej ?– Sorry Soul (Nhar Remix) Acidia ?– Street (Acidia Club Mix) Alberto Santana ?– Minus One (Original Mix) Alberto Santana ?– Overload (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez ?– Ghost in the Machine (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez ?– Walkfunk (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– It?’s A Groove (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– Was Great (Original Mix) Alex Costa ?– Was Up (Original Mix) Alex D?’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A ?– Techno is (D-Unity Remix) Alex D?’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A ?– Techno is (Gabriel D?’or & Bordoy Remix) Boris Brejcha ?– Picolomini (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha ?– Ruhrschussel (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha ?– We Are Looking For (Original Mix) Chris Lo ?– All Sistem (Original Mix) Chris Lo ?– Bronx Brothers (Original Mix) Chris Majcen ?– Time Spiral (Original Mix) Coma ?– Fiction (Original Mix) Coma ?– Gravity (Original Mix) Coma ?– Total DLY (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton ?– Feng Shui Theory 1 (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton ?– Feng Shui Theory 2 (Original Mix)..... 4 Souls ?– Swing Ya Thing (Original Mix) Affkt, Darlyn Vlys, One Hand aka Darlyn Vlys AFFKT ?– Kohu (Original Mix) Alessio Mereu ?– Hypochondriac (Original Mix) Animal Trainer ?– Alive (Original Mix) Aquarium Punks ?– African Man With A Piano (Original Mix) Beat ?– For The Masses (Original Mix) Brisboys ?– Mercury Groove (Original Mix) Charles Ramierz ?– Heavens Groove (Kabuto Koji Remix) Christian Smith, Florian Meindl ?– Desire (Original Mix) Cristhian Hoffmann ?– Restart The Music (Original Mix) Dave Garcia, Eric Ortega ?– El Pirata (Danny LeBlack Remix) Deep Sound ?– Tech (Original Mix) Dema, Paride Saraceni ?– Semafor (Piatto Remix) DFormation ?– Dont Stop (Julian Poker Remix) DFormation, Oscar L ?– MAD (D-Unity Remix) DFormation,Simon Shaker ?– Get Excited (Javi Colors DJ Garces Remix) Dirtyworx ?– Berliner (Original Mix) DJ Kay ?– Waterfall (Autophase Remix) Dzeko Torres ?– Self Explanatory (Original Mix) Falke, Vogelbein ?– Minimal Smoke (Original) Gino Patricio ?– No Diggity (Original) Groove Man ?– Back In The Game (Original Mix) Isabelle ?– Breakup Jewelry (Original) Ismael Rivas aka Riva ?– El Farol (Original Mix) Jalebee Cartel ?– Funda (Original Mix) Jamie Anderson, Deepgroove ?– Freya (Daniel Steinberg Remix) JDG_Meltek ?– Retrigger (Original Mix) Jhoan Sanchez ?– En Las Alturas (Moizez Ohr Remix) Jochen Pash ?– Voyage (Dj PP Remix) Julian Poker ?– Fever (Original Mix) Libex, Paolo Pellegrino ?– Prika (Original Mix) Marco Lys, Alex Kenji ?– Manaus (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa ?– Athens (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa, Luigi Rocca ?– The Passenger (Original Mix) Mark Diablo ?– 365 (Original Mix) Mark Wheels ?– Theory Of Relativity (Original Mix) Marvell, Too Fresh ?– Hotel Party feat Marvell (Bass Kleph Remix) Maxikool ?– Click (Original Mix) Milton Channels ?– I Want It (Original Mix) Ned Rise ?– Magic Fly (Original Mix) Neverdogs, Brusca ?– Podenco (Original Mix) Nikola Gala ?– A Voice From Outer Space (Original Mix) Nino Bua ?– The Beat Within (Original Mix) Oliver Klein, Kolombo ?– Espionnage (Fusty Delights Remix) Peeta ?– Gandhis Flip Flop (Original Mix) Pizeta ?– Ocra (Original Mix) Ron Carroll, Superfunk ?– Lucky Star (Kolombo 303 Dub) RPO ?– The First Time In My Life (Joy Marquez Remix) Sharam Jey ?– Attention (Eats Everything Jay Robinsons Remix) Sharam Jey, Deadbots ?– Obey (Polymath Remix) Stan Kolev ?– Rescue Me (Original Mix) Sweet N Candy ?– Deep Water (Florian Meindl Edit) System F, Marc Almond ?– Soul On Soul (Elektrochemie LK Mix) Tamer Fouda ?– Bitch (Minimal Bitch Mix) The Selph ?– An Anxious Friend (Original Mix) Thomas Schumacher, Florian Meindl ?– Satisfaction (Original Mix) Vlada Asanin, Cuartero ?– Pincel (Original Mix) Xar Lee ?– Te Da Igual (Tony Dee Remix) Yan Oxygen ?– Ghost (Original Mix) Agaric ?– Run. Ostern Jam Beatfunk ?– Pump (Original Mix) BNZO-El Chupacabra Original Mix Hollen ?– Mamy Groovy (Tony Dee Remix) Lewis Ryder ?– Kaffee-Monster Schief Gegangen (Nathan Coles & David Cokers Spanish Fly Mix) Mark Reeve-Lichtkleid Original Mix Maximan ?– Jail View (Scan Mode Remix) Rohrer & Siegel ?– BigBertha The Martinez Brothers ?– Issshhh (Beats) Alberto Pascual ?– Drive (Original Mix) Dektend & Dfndr ?– Rococco Cake Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris Altogether Lost Ben Klock S Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jon Reynolds & Tomas Rubeck ?– Union Street Car Park (Original Mix) Markantonio, Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati ?– My Tisana (Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati Remix) Patrick Kunkel and M.in ?– I Know feat. Harold Todd (Original Mix) VA-Maximan Jail View Scan Mode Remix Flug -13c Tool Mix Glimpse ?– Work That Body (Kehakuma Remix) Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jeff Mills ?– Gadd Luigi Madonna-Enigma Four mike parker ?– ringing bass Paul Ritch ?– Shake It (Original Mix) Timmo Comb Of Mermaid ?– Original Mix Tom Flynn ?– Budgie Smuggler (Original Mix) Atesh K. ?– Simple Trap Avilo-Missio Daniele Papini ?– Astanti Titta Remix David Phillips ?– The Batch Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris-Altogether Lost Ben Klock s Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Roland M. Dill ?– I?’ll be There (Sam Ball Remix) TechGroup Maurizio Vitiello-MusicOn Original Mix Aquarius Heaven-Universe Drumfunk (Original Mix) Hollen ?– Alfio (Original Mix) Javier Carballo ?– Islands (Djohnny Remix) Javier Carballo ?– Low (Original Mix) Jon Gurd and Dave Robertson-Never Do That (Original Mix) Luca Lozano ?– Heaven & Hell (Penner & Muder Remix LuLu Rouge ?– Bless You (Minilogue rmx) RAY OKPARA- MODERN DANCE (Original mix) agaric-drifter Agaric-Who Made Up The Rules Original Mix Benny Royal ?– Go Bump (Original Mix) Daelo ?– Move On (Zack Marullo Remix) Djulz ?– Da Madness (Original Mix) Kaiserdisco ?– Amalfino (2000 And One & DJ Madskillz Remix) Kernel Key ?– Pallets (Original Mix) leonardo_gonnelli-not_again_(sammy_remix) Mihalis Safras ?– San trope (Oxia remix) Yoshitaca And Ittetsu And Jun Akimoto ?– Just Lay Back (Ittetsu And Jun Akimoto Remix) Alberto Pascual ?– Drive (Original Mix) Dektend & Dfndr ?– Rococco Cake Emptyset Feat Cornelius Harris Altogether Lost Ben Klock S Glowing Clap Mix Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jon Reynolds & Tomas Rubeck ?– Union Street Car Park (Original Mix) Markantonio, Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati ?– My Tisana (Paco Osuna, Joseph Capriati Remix) Patrick Kunkel and M.in ?– I Know feat. Harold Todd (Original Mix) VA-Maximan Jail View Scan Mode Remix Flug -13c Tool Mix Glimpse ?– Work That Body (Kehakuma Remix) Itamar Sagi ?– Spirals Jeff Mills ?– Gadd Luigi Madonna-Enigma Four mike parker ?– ringing bass Paul Ritch ?– Shake It (Original Mix) Timmo Comb Of Mermaid ?– Original Mix Tom Flynn ?– Budgie Smuggler (Original Mix) Alex DElia -Moogerfooger Mladen Tomic Remix Bryan Zentz ?– Double R (Original Mix) Daniel Dubb ?– Wound Up (Original Mix) Lazy M ?– Ready To Rock (Marco Lansi Remix) Mooryc ?– Turn Left (Douglas Greeds ?– from here to poznan rmx) Timmo ?– Locust (Alex Di Stefano Remix) Victor Calderone ?– Pleasure Grip (Original Mix) Vogue. Victor Ruiz. Barudi ?– Playboy (Dub Mix) Xircus ?– Rolf Harris (Ronan Portela Remix) Aquarius_Heaven_-_Universe_(Original_Mix) Bruch & Junior ?– Seat No Fastbelt (Original Mix) Frann delice & Xuzav ?– Run Ran Run (Original mix) Kernel Key ?– Pallets (Original Mix) Smart Wave ?– Mind mazes(DJ Raid detroits dub mix) The Evil Amigos ?– Playa Bossa Veerus & Maxie Devine ?– 1976 (Original Mix) Xircus ?– Rolf Harris (Ronan Portela Remix) Broombeck ?– Wtfai (Wehbba Remix) Bryan Zentz ?– Double R (Original Mix) D Julz-Da Madness Daniel Dubb ?– Wound Up (Original Mix) Electric Indigo & Irradiation ?– Phytoplankton NiCe7 ?– In Between (Supernova Remix) Yoshitaca ?– Just Lay Back (Jun Akimoto & Ittetsu Remix) 01. Piatto - Saturn 8 (Original Mix) 02. Paul Nazca - Scale Of Sky (Original Mix) 03. Ant Brooks - What's Mine (Original Mix) 04. Whitenoize - The Underground (TJR Remix) 05. Roy RosenfelD - Coin Flip (Original Mix) 06. PHNTM - Flash Dance (Original Mix) 07. Ahmet Sendil - I Still Have A Dream (Original Mix) 08. Balthazar, Jackrock - Puerto Rico (Alex Di Stefano Remix) 09. Andre Walter, Chris Hope - Mania (Original Mix) 10. Andrea Roma - Just A Loop (Original Mix) 11. Vladimir Acic - Mr. Joe Gideon (Original Mix) 12. 777 Systems - Noms (Original Mix) 13. Rub A Dub - TM (Original Mix) 14. Dualfunk - Rolling (Original Mix) 15. A.K.O. - Say Hello (Original Mix) 16. Alex Long - Magenta (Original Mix) 17. Mario Ochoa - La Noche (Original Mix) 18. Frank Sonic, Mike Maass - Butan (Original Mix) 19. Juan Ddd - Mad Dog (Original Mix) 20. The Scumfrog - In Love (Original Mix) 21. Juan Ddd, Johan Dresser, Stereomono - Ant Man (Original Mix) 22. SoNa, Simia - Dimply (Original Mix) 23. Hellomonkey - My Seven Favorite Sharpshooters (Original Mix) 24. Dima German - Physical Reaction (Original Mix) 25. Darryl Green - Warning (Original Mix) 26. W10 - Five O'Clock Love (Original Mix) 27. Montblank - Shuffle (Original Mix) 28. Denis Underground - Feel Free (Original Mix) 29. Kyfu - Trop Cale (Original Mix) 30. Miguel Bastida - Rezolution (Original Mix) 31. Daniel Kaufman - Stalled (Original Mix) Alex Mine – Don’t Look Back (Original Mix) Alex Mine – Teraphy (Original Mix) Aumrec – Anouka (Original Mix) Aumrec – Aumrec (Original Mix) Aumrec – Lapislazul (Ninth Camomile Remix) Catatonic Overload – Death Before Disco (Original Mix) Catatonic Overload – Environment (Delete Remix) Catatonic Overload – Environment (Original Mix) Dani Sbert – Otherside (Original Mix) Dani Sbert – Ready (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – Moonflower (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – Smoker (Original Mix) Daniel Greenx – When the Sunshine Goes Down (Original Mix) Daniele Kama – Last Request (Original Mix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (German Valley Remix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (Gion Remix) Daniele Kama – Tessi Dance (Original Mix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Cristiano Casiraghi Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Loko Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Original Mix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Ricardo Espino Remix) Dave Kurtis – Sundari (Sotisfaction Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Ferdi L Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Giuseppe Antonino Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Joe Kendut Remix) Domy Castellano – KZ (Original Mix) Ian O’Donovan – Redemption (Original Mix) Ian O’Donovan – Relieve (Original Mix) Jacob Dannyl – Where Is My Mind (Killer Session) Leechi Alexej – Hubbub (Original Mix) Leechi Alexej – Turk Kizi (Original Mix) Leo R – Amber Light (Original Mix) Leo R – Drill Bit (Original Mix) Leo R – Room 237 (Original Mix) Loud Noize – Dark Distortion (Original Mix) Loud Noize – Distorted Reality (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Hidden Empire (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Knavish (Original Mix) Marcel Fengler – Sphinx (Original Mix) Marco Lys – Kama (Original) Marco Lys – Kama (Solo Remix) Mario Ochoa – Take A Look (Original Mix) Mario Ochoa – The Rooster (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Promzona (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Regroover (Original Mix) Michael Miller – Wave Of Resonance Timework (Original Mix) Mike Huckaby – The Tresor Track (Original Mix) NHB & Fabrizio Pettorelli – Bad Habits (Original Mix) Nice Deejay – Miss Nice (Original Mix) Nice Deejay – Ndrom (Original Mix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Mike Ban & Dietmar Wohl Remix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Original Mix) Niereich – Stromausfall (Torsten Kanzler Remix) Oliver Kucera – Lightning Bolt (Spark Taberner Remix) Oliver Kucera – Stop Sequencer (Original Mix) Oliver Kucera & Souris – Lightning Bolt (Original Mix) People Get Real – Bleep Spectro (Original Mix) People Get Real – Pachino (Original Mix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Ditto Remix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Don Ruijgrok Remix) Point Zero – Milf & Cookies (Original Mix) Psyk – Lowdown (Original Mix) Psyk – Repeat (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Inertia (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Mobility (Original Mix) Raiz & Truncate – Rhythm (Original Mix) Ramon Zenker & Harada – Rappelkiste (Original Mix) Repton – I Was Here (Nikkolas Research Remix) Repton – I Was Here (Original) Repton – I Was Here (Simon Firth Remix) Sasha Carassi – Lateral Pressure (Original Mix) Sintex Music – Bangkok (Original Mix) Sintex Music – Diffuse (Original Mix) Spoiled Kid – The ONE! (Original Mix) Spoiled Kid – You Can Take It (Original Mix) Synthetic Technology – Fatal Error (Original Mix) Synthetic Technology – Placenta (Original Mix) The Abductors – Stevige Track (Original Mix) The Advent – Distract (Original Mix) The Advent – Higher Learning (Original Mix) The Advent – Nexus 22 (Original Mix) The Collectorz – Blood (Original Mix) The Collectorz – Blood (Raw Mix) Tomas More – Flesh (Original Mix) Tomas More – Persona (Original Mix) Tomas More – The Kiss (Original Mix) Tomas More – The Unknown Word (Original Mix) Tony Kairom – Popeye (Original Mix) Tony Kairom – The Addams Family (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Atom (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Flux (Original Mix) Vince Watson – Kaleidoscope (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Changes (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Changes (Romar Remix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Make You Wet (Karim Rajhi Remix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Make You Wet (Original Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Underground (Micro on Mix) Vinyl Speed Adjust – Underground (Original Mix) Zenbi – Gezuar (Original Mix) Zenbi – Minimalistic (Original Mix) A Hvich – Survival (Moldavius Remix) A Hvich – Survival (Original Mix) A Hvich – Survival (Stevie Wilson Remix) Aaron Santos & James Teej – Sorry Soul (Nhar Remix) Acidia – Street (Acidia Club Mix) Alberto Santana – Minus One (Original Mix) Alberto Santana – Overload (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez – Ghost in the Machine (Original Mix) Alejandro Vivanco & Dorian Chavez – Walkfunk (Original Mix) Alex Costa – It’s A Groove (Original Mix) Alex Costa – Was Great (Original Mix) Alex Costa – Was Up (Original Mix) Alex D’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A – Techno is (D-Unity Remix) Alex D’elia & Nihil Young Feat A-N-N-A – Techno is (Gabriel D’or & Bordoy Remix) Boris Brejcha – Picolomini (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha – Ruhrschussel (Original Mix) Boris Brejcha – We Are Looking For (Original Mix) Chris Lo – All Sistem (Original Mix) Chris Lo – Bronx Brothers (Original Mix) Chris Majcen – Time Spiral (Original Mix) Coma – Fiction (Original Mix) Coma – Gravity (Original Mix) Coma – Total DLY (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton – Feng Shui Theory 1 (Original Mix) Conrad Van Orton – Feng Shui Theory 2 (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Eta Carinae (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Husaria (Original Mix) Dastin & Static Sense – Magma (Original Mix) Dave Spritz – Salvia (Original Mix) David Temessi & Hiab – Imotape (Original Mix) David Temessi & Hiab – Powertape (Original Mix) Davidchristoph – Fear Frequency (Bodyscrub Remix) Davidchristoph – Fear Frequency (Original Mix) Davidchristoph – Ghost Raider (Loco & Jam Remix) Davidchristoph – Ghost Raider (Original Mix) Deep Future – Do it All Night (Hugo Remix) Deep Future – Do it All Night (Original Mix) Deep Future – Flying Colours (Lazaro Casanova Miami Vice Refix) Deep Future – Flying Colours (Original Mix) DJ Milectro & Jonny Calypso – Direction (Original Mix) DJ Milectro & Jonny Calypso – Rise & Fall (Original Mix) Dorian Chavez & Mobius Strum – MAE (Original Mix) Dorian Chavez & Mobius Strum – Rainforest (Original Mix) Franck Valat – Landscape 010 (Original Mix) Franck Valat – Mindie (Original Mix) Gepy – Baby Dinosaur (Original Mix) Gepy – Pippo (Original Mix) Glitter, Nytron – Freak Chick (Original Mix) Johnny Kaos & Hunzed – Emociones De La Vida (Original Mix) Koer – Fobos (Original Mix) Koer – Moonlight (Original Mix) Luthier – Prevent Hearing (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – Infinity (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – Roundabout (Original Mix) Marek Hemmann – You Know (Original Mix) Maximiljan – Backlash (Egal 3 Remix) Maximiljan – Backlash (Original Mix) Maximiljan – Funky Mary (Original Mix) Mechanique – Island Of Stability – (Original Mix) Mechanique – Karoshi – (Original Mix) Mendo & Yvan Genkins – Capture (Original Mix) Mendo & Yvan Genkins – Witness (Original Mix) Mike Spaccavento – Game Over (Original Mix) Mike Spaccavento – Vocal Round (Original Mix) Morry – Minimal Baby (Original Mix) Morry – Shit Happiness (Original Mix) Nytron – House You (Original Mix) Oliver Schories – The Deal (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Bitter Rucker (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Dumb House (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Timeline (Original Mix) Ordinary Subject – Zulu (Original Mix) Paolo Driver – Good Afternoon (Los Suruba 90′s Remix) Paolo Driver – Good Afternoon (Original Mix) Paolo Driver & Roby J – Fusion (Original Mix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Funk D’void Remix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Lewis Ryder Remix) Paul Loraine – Envy (Original Mix) Paul Loraine – Once Again (Original Mix) Phonokemi – 2000 Eyes (Original Mix) Phonokemi – Black Comes the Day (Original Mix) Phonokemi – Smile (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Babylon (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Bumbaclat (Original Mix) Pig & Dan – Got Me Down (Original Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Alexander Kowalski Remix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Benny Grauer Remix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Digital Bonus Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Original Mix) Rene Onze – Flip A Switch (Skai & Joel Armstrong Remix) SIS – Aires (Original Mix) SIS – Boogie Nights (Original Mix) Sivesgaard – Unorthodox (Ricardo Tobar Remix) Solee & Joxe – Abundance (Original Mix) Sven Jaeger – Casta Uela (Original Mix) Sven Jaeger – Cicilon (Original Mix) Ted Dettman – Normal Life (Original Mix) Tim J – 7 Faktors of Awakenings (Original Mix) Tim J – Beat Down (Original Mix) Tim J – Tresor (Original Mix) Tom Hades – Pitched to the Max (Original Mix) Tom Hades – Pitched to the Max (Sasha Carassi Remix) Tom Hades – React (Original Mix) Tomas More – Scopic Drive (Original Mix) Tomas More – Scopic Drive (Roman Fluegel Remix) Tomas More – That Thing (Original Mix) Wally Stryk – Mon Amour (Max Jacobson & Jason Patrick Remix) Wally Stryk – Mon Amour (Original Mix) Wally Stryk – Palermo Soho (Do Santos Remix) Wally Stryk – Palermo Soho (Original Mix) 01. Robert Noise & Ploughman – Chennai (Original Mix) (7:07) 02. Glen & Adrian – Microchip (Original Mix) (7:05) 03. Ray Valentine – Turkey Turist (Original Mix) (6:11) 04. Ruiz Sierra – Turn Off The Lights (Original Mix) (7:01) 05. Emanuele Sorgato – Go (Original Mix) (5:11) 06. BenyOne – Machine (Original Mix) (6:37) 07. Secret Groovers – Inversion (Original Mix) (9:12) 08. Cristian Glitch – Dispersion (Original Mix) (6:36) 09. Rodrigo Diaz – Sexstars (Original Mix) (7:24) 10. Stephen Advance & Roland Weber – Instant Reaction (Original Mix) (6:15) 11. Italianbeat Guys – Thunderstorm (Original Mix) (9:05) 12. Stephen Advance & Droplex – Predator (Original Mix) (6:00) 13. Luix Spectrum – Define (Original Mix) (7:07) 14. Miniroom & Red Pig Flower – Red [email protected] (Original Mix) (6:20) 01. London Exchange – Forever (Dura Remix) (6:36) 02. Dura – Anti Pink (Original Mix) (6:36) 03. Azzimov – Penetrator (Oziriz Remix) (6:02) 04. Jackson White – Back (Original Mix) (6:28) 05. Jackson White – Wrong Out (Original Mix) (6:13) 06. Dura – Outswise (Original Mix) (5:50) 07. Dura – Eyes On The Prize (Brutal Kids Remix) (6:06) 08. Dura, Sasha Check – Ritas Groove (Original Mix) (6:55) 09. Twist – Rockfeller Fcuk (Original Mix) (7:05) 10. Jackson White – Beat In Beat (Original Mix) (5:36) 11. Lee Poulson – For A Kiss Or Two (Original Mix) (6:37) 12. Lee Poulson – Kuka (Original Mix) (6:21) 13. Oziriz, Jackson White – Back To Cube (Original Mix) (6:28) 14. Oziriz – Motions (Original Mix) (8:05) 15. Twist – Hidden Place (Original Mix) (8:19) 16. Oziriz – Saxy Waxy (Original Mix) (7:09) 17. Oziriz – Strings As The Ropes (Original Mix) (6:06) 18. Dura – Get Smart (Original Mix) (6:54) 19. Oleg Kostrow – Nemo’s Song (Dura Remix) (3:46) 20. London Exchange – We Are Not Together (Azzimov Remix) (7:13) A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Accapella).mp3 A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Instrumental).mp3 A0, Impermetic – Revolution In A Bottle – Original Mix).mp3 Aeon Flux – We Will Be Free – Original Mix).mp3 Airwolf – Rebels – Original Mix).mp3 Alessio Arcangeli – 1000 Miles – Original Mix).mp3 Alessio Arcangeli – Honefoss – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Life S. – Fuck Off – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Shaje – Bourre – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Shaje – Bourre – Sums 4 Am Remix).mp3 Alex Vandoff – Casino Flamingo – Original Mix).mp3 Alex Verano, Jim Marlaud – Make Me Real – Radio Edit).mp3 Alex Xela – Are You Ready – Original Mix).mp3 Alexander Seretti – Broken – Original Mix).mp3 Alive Me – Something Wrong In The System Control – Original Mix).mp3 Almaru – One Step – Original Mix).mp3 Alvin Tech – Hey – Original Mix).mp3 Alvin Tech – Rhythm Of The Night – Original Mix).mp3 Amadeo, Process P – Agua Fresca – Original Mix).mp3 Ambient P – Music Keeps Me Dancing – Original Mix).mp3 Andhim – Afrikadelle – Original Mix).mp3 Andlee – Trackformers – Original Mix).mp3 Andre Slater – Metamorfosis – Original Mix).mp3 Andrea Pisapia – Scala Reale – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Jupiter Planet – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Mercury Planet – 4ndr375-73k Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Planet Neptune – Original Mix).mp3 Andreas-Tek – Uranus Planet – 4ndr375-73k Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Assembled In – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Audio Delta – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Apartamento – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Casa – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – Mi Finca – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Gil – My Fly Mind – Original Mix).mp3 Andres Santana – Trafalgar – Original Mix).mp3 Andrew Phillips – The Saxophonist – Criminal Vibes Remix).mp3 Anthony Grant – 1-2-3-4 – Original Mix).mp3 Anthonydee – Annoyed – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Becouse – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Fantastic – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – God’s Grace – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Kick – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – Rhodet – Original).mp3 Anthonydee – This Is The Beat – Original).mp3 Arc, Kalls – U Got It – Radio Edit).mp3 Art Pleasure – You Feat. Jessy Howe – Original Mix).mp3 Arts, Leni – One Pub One Tony – Original.mp3 Arts, Leni – One Pub One Tony – Original).mp3 Audiosweep – Cell Up – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Debug – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Five – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Four – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall One – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Three – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Hall Two – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Room – Original Mix).mp3 Audiosweep – Touch – Original Mix).mp3 Aumrec – Apregunno – Mogahertz Remix).mp3 Aumrec – Apregunno – Original Mix).mp3 Aumrec – Rumade – Alfred Mc Remix).mp3 Aumrec – Rumade – Original Mix).mp3 Autarc – Toolfunk013-1 – Original).mp3 B. Vivant – House Muzik – Original Mix).mp3 B.B Project – Big Party – Original Mix).mp3 Balthazar, Deepzone – Dj, Take Me Away – Radio Club Mix).mp3 Basilica – Somebody Calling You – Original Mix).mp3 Bassbeatz – I Love This Beat – Original Mix).mp3 Bastique, Romee – The Godfather – Original Mix).mp3 Beat Syndrome – Salasa Jar – Original Mix).mp3 Beatjunk – Grinning Bass – Original Mix).mp3 Ben Murray – Next Level – Original Mix).mp3 Benhams – Psychosis In A Dream – Original Mix).mp3 Benn Lian – Because I Called Her – Original Mix).mp3 Bifath – Natural Part 2 – Magru Remix).mp3 Blacksoul – Dancin Feat. Marcya – Joey Aka Jozsef Keller & Pete-R Instrumental).mp3 Bollen, Fichtner – Osama’s Groove – Original Mix).mp3 1. Adam Jace – Deepfusion (7:52) 2. Aki Bergen – M.u.s.i.c. (7:42) 3. Alexander Fog – Black Carnival (6:58) 4. Babak Shayan – Azadi Nist (5:54) 5. Basti Pieper – Orient (12:33) 6. Bucher & Kessidis – Live On (7:47) 7. Coskun & Ak – Take Me (7:45) 8. Deepgroove & Jamie Anderson – Voix (Minicoolboys Remix) (7:41) 9. Dzeta N Basile – One Of A Kind (8:48) 10. Freaks – 2 Please U (Losoul’s Surreal Visits Dub) (6:57) 11. Green Rabbit – Primal Self (4:18) 12. Hardy Heller & Alex Connors – Fred, The Pink Elephant (C-rock Wild Pitch Mix) (7:11) 13. Jerome Noak – I love L.A. (Sasha Kaktus Remix) (6:28) 14. Junior Gee – On The Floor (6:23) 15. Lazo – Caroussell (Lukas Greenberg Mix) (7:42) 16. Lukas Greenberg – The Flash (Jimmy & Fer Ferrari Mix) (8:35) 17. Markus Wesen – Soulful House Music (Original) (9:10) 18. Minoru – 68.71 Per Cent (8:35) 19. Nick Curly – Deep Breath (6:56) 20. Nicole Moudaber – Dilemma (7:36) 21. Nikola Gala – Bring In ‘da Funk (6:08) 22. Nikola Gala – Timeless City (6:41) 23. Pelle Buys – Kiss The Ground (6:37) 24. Roberto Rodriguez – Whisper (7:58) 25. Sebastian Porter – Labamba (Original) (8:04) 26. Sven Kegel & Heino Helck – Wellenbrecher (8:11) 27. The Timewriter – HERE COMES THE SUN (Stryke’s Sunshine State of Mind Remix) (8:16)1. Carl Cox – Nexus (Original Mix) (6:14) 2. Carl Cox – Nexus (Foamo Mix) (6:15) 3. Carl Cox – Nexus (Foamo Dub Mix) (6:15) 4. Carl Cox – Nexus (Tomy De Clerque Mix) (7:52) Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Kronic Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Mobin Master & Tate Strauss Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Rave Radio Remix).mp3 Bombs Away – Super Soaker – Rocket Pimp Remix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Bass Threat – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Call To 911 – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Deadly Crash – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Fashion Factory – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Get Down Low – Original Mix).mp3 Brain Blast Creators – Glance In The Future – Original Mix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Digital Department Remix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Erdi Irmak Remix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Original Mix).mp3 Breeze & Quadrat – Dirty Dance – Reelaux Not So Dirty Remix).mp3 Brian Bloom, Franky Malloy, Mc G – We Live 4 The Weekend – Original Mix).mp3 Bruno Nasty – Ablana – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt – Get Told – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt – Locked In Trip – Original Mix).mp3 Butler & Murt, Yemi – Music Takes Me Higher – Original Mix).mp3 Camilo Picon – Isotonico – Original Mix).mp3 Chirik Burnlive, Fenix Modest – Acid Smith – Original Mix).mp3 Chris Blum – Extrascharf – Patrick Arbez Remix).mp3 Chris Blum – Josephine – Original).mp3 Chris Blum – Knock Out – Original).mp3 Chris Blum – Sonnenwende – Original).mp3 Chriss Ortega, Christian Hinzer – The Groove – Nicola Fasano, Steve Forest Mix).mp3 City Capture – Any Kind Of Season – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Collide – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Crossfire – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – Mirror Surface – Original Mix).mp3 City Capture – The Cube – Original Mix).mp3 Coming Out – Start Again – Datamotion Edit Remix).mp3 Coopa – Stutter – 1 Fish, Two Fish Remix).mp3 Coopa – Stutter – Original Mix).mp3 Crazy House Dj’s, Joseph One – Supulo – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Exploited, Alan Lockwood – On Road – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Vecchi – Chinatown – Original Mix).mp3 Cristian Vecchi – Confusion – Original Mix).mp3 Da Groovemakers – On The Road Again – Original Mix) – 1).mp3 Da Groovemakers – On The Road Again – Original Mix).mp3 Daily – Kalavalier – Original Mix).mp3 Damian William – Qulove – Original Mix).mp3 Damien J. Carter, Matt Devereaux, Michael Maze – Ticket To Somewhere Feat. Andy P – Claudio Lari Remix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Around Of Consciousness – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Dark Room Of The Earth – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Minimal Injection – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti – Underwater – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Casseti & Stenli Tong – Impulse Of Sound – Original Mix).mp3 Daniel Steinberg – Tansania – Original Mix).mp3 Danny Darko, Toni Lewis – Full Moon – Original Mix).mp3 Dapayk & Padberg – Island Feat. Caro – Florian Meindl Remix).mp3 Dapayk Solo – Child Of The Night – Formatb Remix).mp3 Dario Ruzzier – Commit – Original Mix).mp3 Darwin & Backwall – Ask For More – Maxime Zarcone Remix).mp3 Data Mc – Fever – K-Paul Remix).mp3 Dave Copp, Tommy Mckinley – Coca – Original Mix).mp3 Dave Dumper, Sim Wiener – P.B.S. – Original Mix).mp3 Dave Rose, Alexei & Carlos Kinn – Get The Funky – Original M

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3. Lil B - White Gold House Flame (Sparta Bitch Mob)

  • Published: 2012-02-05T08:10:01Z
  • By FilyPusha
Lil B - White Gold House Flame (Sparta Bitch Mob)

Deep House 1. Alla Farmer - Take 2 (Original Mix) [Electronica] (6:28) 2. ArkadiuszS - Winter Street City (Original Mix) [Minimalistyczni E] (7:29) 3. Chmara Winter - Bonk (Original Mix) [Your Mamas Friend] (6:12) 4. Chmara Winter - Roast B (Original Mix) [Your Mamas Friend] (6:36) 5. Chmara Winter - Szajba (Original Mix) [Your Mamas Friend] (7:53) 6. Christian Reich - Western Wall (Original Mix) [Asymmetric Dip] (5:54) 7. Christian Reich - Western Wall (Tom Ellis Remix) [Asymmetric Dip] (7:08) 8. Dimi Wilson - Astadiala (Original Mix) [DeepClass Records] (8:03) 9. Dimi Wilson - Giorikas (Original Mix) [DeepClass Records] (7:26) 10. Dimi Wilson - Kostikas (Original Mix) [DeepClass Records] (6:34) 11. dOP & Masomenos - Hello (Original Mix) [Connaisseur Recordings] (4:17) 12. dOP - Rave Forever Together (Original Mix) [Connaisseur Recordings] (8:44) 13. Eric Redd - 54 (Mike Matthews Club Mix) [Carrillo Music LLC] (6:01) 14. Felipe L - Kind Soul (Original Mix) [AK Tek Records] (7:35) 15. Felipe L - Pim Pla (Original Mix) [AK Tek Records] (7:32) 16. Jon Delerious - Asend (Original Mix) [Lost My Dog] (5:52) 17. Jon Delerious - Believe In You (Giom Remix) [Lost My Dog] (5:49) 18. Jon Delerious - Believe In You (Huxley Remix) [Lost My Dog] (6:25) 19. Jon Delerious - Believe In You (Original Mix) [Lost My Dog] (6:49) 20. Jon Delerious - Remember (Original Mix) [Lost My Dog] (6:13) 21. Magit Cacoon, Nunu - Soul Motion (Original Mix) [Girl Scout] (6:51) 22. Marc Smith - Stepping Back (Its OK Dub) [Chillin Music] (7:50) 23. Marc Smith - Stepping Back (Sleazzy McQueen Remix) [Chillin Music] (7:36) 24. Marc Smith - Stepping Back (Space Throwback Remix) [Chillin Music] (7:48) 25. Marc Smith - You Want To (Lance De Sardi Remix) [Chillin Music] (7:04) 26. Mauro Basso - Drone (Ariane Blank Remix) [Auditive] (6:44) 27. Mauro Basso - Drone (Dreher & Smart Remix) [Auditive] (6:29) 28. Mauro Basso - Drone (Original Mix) [Auditive] (7:46) 29. Mauro Basso - Drone (Tim Engelhardt Remix) [Auditive] (7:52) 30. Michel Laurent - Orion (Original Mix) [Noze] (6:13) 31. Mockbeat - City Lights (Ian Metty Dub Mix) [MIDI Life Records] (6:05) 32. Moe Turk, Fat Boy Pym - Beachin (Original Mix) [Vibe Lebanon Records] (6:08) 33. Moe Turk - Time Machine (Original Mix) [Vibe Lebanon Records] (7:25) 34. Patrick Chardronnet - Source Of Life (Original Mix) [Connaisseur Recordings] (8:31) 35. Pol On, Chmara Winter - Bonk (Pol On Rmx) [Your Mamas Friend] (5:46) 36. Randal Soeung - What Its For (Jesus Pablo Remix) [Headset Recordings] (6:17) 37. Randal Soeung - What Its For (Original Mix) [Headset Recordings] (7:34) 38. Sonny Joey Waschington - Deep Garden (Deep Mix) [Integrity Records] (4:46) 39. Sonny Joey Waschington - Moving Forward (Original Mix) [Integrity Records] (5:35) 40. Sonny Joey Waschington - Moving Forward (Voice Mix) [Integrity Records] (5:35) 41. Steve Mill & Luke Fair - Beaches (Original Mix) [Add2Basket Records] (6:44) 42. Steve Mill & Luke Fair - Beaches (Peter Horrevorts Remix) [Add2Basket Records] (8:48) 43. Storm Queen - Look Right Through (Jamie Jones Remix) [Defected] (6:14) 44. Tatoine - Sometimes (Kevin McKay Remix) [Repressure Recordings] (7:39) 45. V i v i d - Nobody But Her (Original Mix) [Greelpound] (5:31) 46. V i v i d - Nunna Yo Bidness (Original Mix) [Greelpound] (5:40) Electro House 1. Amy B, Warehouse - You And Me Tonight (Danny Merx Remix) [3am Jam] (6:52) 2. Amy B, Warehouse - You And Me Tonight (TJR Remix) [3am Jam] (5:41) 3. Asle & Anne - Lucky You (Harikus Arcade Riot Mix) [Blow Out Records] (7:31) 4. Brotha Berry - Dance All Night (Original Mix) [Soul Shift Music] (6:15) 5. BSharry - Are You Ready (Original Mix) [Gardenia Records] (5:07) 6. BSharry - Stoned Is Breaking (Original Mix) [Gardenia Records] (5:29) 7. Damian William - The Chameleon (Original Mix) [Couture] (6:30) 8. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel The Sun (Iron Remix) [Music Pirates Records] (6:25) 9. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel the Sun (Revolution Dj Remix) [Music Pirates Records] (5:56) 10. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel The Sun (Steve Weaver & Jocix Remix) [Music Pirates Records] (6:48) 11. David Far3ll - Freedom (Original Mix) [Balkan Delights] (6:48) 12. David Far3ll - Freedom (Stanisha Reversed Elephants Remix) [Balkan Delights] (8:22) 13. Diamond Lights, Anna Lunoe - Stronger (Jam Xpress Remix) [Yes Yes Records] (5:06) 14. Digital Project - Love Me (Original Mix) [General Records] (6:19) 15. Digital Project - Love Me (Vocal Dub Mix) [General Records] (5:49) 16. DJ Cross, Drop Dead Red, Adam Savage - UFO (Axis Mix) [Murky Beatz] (5:20) 17. Eric Redd - 54 (Carvelo Pill Poppin Mix) [Carrillo Music LLC] (6:00) 18. Footjam - N.S.B. (Original Mix) [THaF Records] (5:22) 19. Footjam - Sneakerz (G0ldt0p Remix) [THaF Records] (5:17) 20. Footjam - Sneakerz (Jackiroqs Remix) [THaF Records] (6:20) 21. Footjam - Sneakerz (Original Mix) [THaF Records] (6:38) 22. Footjam - Toechdown (Original Mix) [THaF Records] (5:57) 23. Hot Mess - No Requests (Original Mix) [Heavy Artillery Recordings] (5:17) 24. Hotel Stereo - Out Of My Mind (Extended) [Bikini Sounds] (6:41) 25. Hotel Stereo - Out Of My Mind (Instrumental) [Bikini Sounds] (6:41) 26. In Cahoots - Yeti (Original Mix) [Macro Records] (5:12) 27. Jakatorre - Focus (Original Mix) [Bonds Records] (4:31) 28. Jakatorre - Going (Original Mix) [Bonds Records] (6:14) 29. Jakatorre - Grrr (Original Mix) [Bonds Records] (3:43) 30. Jakatorre - Open (Original Mix) [Bonds Records] (6:05) 31. Jakatorre - Space To Earth (Original Mix) [Bonds Records] (5:34) 32. Jay Costa - Pianor (Myles James remix) [Juuhch] (5:03) 33. Kishin - Ticking Clocks (Alex Greed Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (5:31) 34. Kishin - Ticking Clocks (Danny T Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (6:45) 35. Kishin - Ticking Clocks (Original Mix) [Clone 21 Records] (4:18) 36. Kishin - Ticking Clocks (Rob Estell Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (5:37) 37. Kishin - Ticking Clocks (Subject Delta Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (4:20) 38. MC Complex, HER - Go (Perfect Cell vs The Amp Jackers Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (5:32) 39. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (Cheeky D Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (6:30) 40. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (Original Mix) [Digital Dope Records] (4:49) 41. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (Perfect Cell vs The Amp Jackers Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (6:01) 42. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (Scott Thomas Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (4:05) 43. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (The Funk Out Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (5:17) 44. MC Cyanide, HER - Go (Woncka Remix) [Digital Dope Records] (6:26) 45. Nofx, Reat Kay - Treelectrick (Club Mix) [Rich & Glorious] (5:30) 46. Probe - Baila (Original Mix) [Plasmapool] (7:43) 47. Sesa - KICK IT (Original Mix) [Do The Hip Recordings] (6:44) 48. The Catevari - Vesuvius (Original Mix) [Dirty Wave] (4:41) 49. The Catevari - Vesuvius (Ver 2) [Dirty Wave] (4:18) House 1. Aba, Simonsen - Soul Bossa Nova (Aba & Simonsen Remix) [discowax] (4:36) 2. Aba, Simonsen - Soul Bossa Nova (Chukie & Mastiksoul Remix) [discowax] (6:42) 3. Aba, Simonsen - Soul Bossa Nova (G&C Remix) [discowax] (6:18) 4. Aba, Simonsen - Soul Bossa Nova (Jorgensen Remix) [discowax] (6:12) 5. Aba, Simonsen - Soul Bossa Nova (Original Mix) [discowax] (3:36) 6. Amy B, Warehouse - You And Me Tonight (Original Mix) [3am Jam] (5:37) 7. Andrew Phillips - False Vibration (Ramon Castells Remix) [The Mansion Recordings] (6:08) 8. Aquarell - Roots & Culture (Jackie Misfit Remix) [Echolette Records] (7:52) 9. Aquarell - Roots & Culture (Santos Resiak Remix) [Echolette Records] (7:36) 10. Aquarell - Roots & Culture (Shaun Ingham Hedley & Frank House Remix) [Echolette Records] (8:22) 11. Born To Funk - Kenya [Copyright] (6:58) 12. Born To Funk - La Scoica [Copyright] (7:33) 13. CJ Reign - Brand New Life (CJs Urban Groove Dub) [Bass Machine] (5:48) 14. CJ Reign - Brand New Life (Original Mix) [Bass Machine] (6:10) 15. CJ Reign - Brand New Life (Reigns Energize Dub) [Bass Machine] (6:28) 16. Coqui Selection - Dissko (Jorge Montia Marfil Remix) [PornoStar Records] (5:47) 17. Coqui Selection - Dissko (Original Mix) [PornoStar Records] (7:04) 18. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel the Sun (Adam Jetrack remix) [Music Pirates Records] (7:20) 19. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel the Sun (Hathor Dj Remix) [Music Pirates Records] (4:35) 20. Dave Jr, Gyongyossy Fanni - Feel the Sun (NorbEEBoy & Fabio Costa Acoustic Remix) [Music Pirates Records] (3:48) 21. Diamond Lights, Anna Lunoe - Stronger (Club Mix) [Yes Yes Records] (4:52) 22. Diamond Lights, Anna Lunoe - Stronger (Original Mix) [Yes Yes Records] (4:17) 23. Diamond Lights, Anna Lunoe - Stronger (Willy Joy Remix) [Yes Yes Records] (4:36) 24. Diavlo - Swat (Original Mix) [MAR186] (6:21) 25. Dishop - Felicidad (Klash Rivera Latin Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (6:33) 26. Ebbo Riginal - Its Getting Funky (Original Mix) [Big Toy Music] (6:41) 27. Ebbo Riginal - Less Stress (Original Mix) [Big Toy Music] (6:41) 28. Garrett & Ojelay - Hey Mr. DJ (Original Mix) [Beatdown] (6:36) 29. Garrett & Ojelay - Hey Mr. DJ (Sonny Fodera Remix) [Beatdown] (5:37) 30. Giacomo Dati - Dance Into Traffic (Dagrab Mix) [Nplaymusic] (8:22) 31. Giacomo Dati - Dance Into Traffic (Original Mix) [Nplaymusic] (9:02) 32. Gorje Hewek, Izhevski - Aureol (Original Mix) [ProTez] (9:50) 33. Gorje Hewek, Izhevski - Inspire (Original Mix) [ProTez] (8:50) 34. Japain - Cross Towns (Hideout Remix) [19Box Recordings] (6:05) 35. Kadasma, XyO - Cool Breeze (Original Mix) [Kadasma Records] (6:39) 36. Lucas, Daniel Malker, Hugo Sanches - Saturday Night (Original Mix) [ADS Records] (7:21) 37. Matt Everson - Chopper (Original Mix) [Bamboo Music] (7:12) 38. Michael Ruris - Glow (Original) [Handmade Recordings] (6:33) 39. Michael Ruris - Glow (Power Bass Line Mix) [Handmade Recordings] (6:33) 40. Mike Deluxe - Let It Out (Extended Mix) [Strawberry Flavor] (5:30) 41. Only Children - Be The One (Original Mix) [Nuclear Family] (6:01) 42. Plastik Funk, Dave Kurtis - Shake (Original Mix) [Tiger Records] (6:21) 43. Raul Duran - Line All (Original Mix) [Hipnotika Recordings] (8:18) 44. Sebastian Roter, Dan Lewis - I Believe (Roter & Lewis Mix) [Whitepromo] (6:52) 45. Sebastian Roter, Dan Lewis - People (Original Mix) [Whitepromo] (6:56) 46. SoundSAM - That Language (Original Mix) [Phat Fuel Records] (8:21) 47. SoundSAM - Them Rhodes (Original Mix) [Phat Fuel Records] (10:03) 48. Steve Aoki, Wynter Gordon - Ladi Dadi (Angger Dimas Remix) [Ultra] (4:08) 49. Steve Aoki, Wynter Gordon - Ladi Dadi (Autoerotique Remix) [Ultra] (5:41) 50. Steve Aoki, Wynter Gordon - Ladi Dadi (Pixel Cheese Remix) [Ultra] (6:30) 51. Steve Aoki, Wynter Gordon - Ladi Dadi (Tommy Trash Remix) [Ultra] (5:14) 52. Steve Aoki, Wynter Gordon - Ladi Dadi (Tommy Trash Remix Instrumental) [Ultra] (5:00) 53. Tomascom - My Name Is (Moduloktopus Is My Name Remix) [Sundown Records] (6:58) 54. Vadim Shuttle - Twisted (Sergio Navarro & Blas Marin Remix) [Fever Sound Records] (6:59) 55. Yuriy Poleg, Phillipo Blake, V.Ray - Dont Give Up (Original Mix) [Muza Music] (6:52) Indie Dance_Nu Disco 1. Chordashian - Dont Wait Up (Downtown Party Network Remix) [Mullet Records] (5:54) 2. Chordashian - Dont Wait Up [Mullet Records] (4:53) 3. Chordashian - Sea Crest (Sportloto Remix) [Mullet Records] (5:50) 4. Chordashian - Sea Crest [Mullet Records] (6:02) 5. Chordashian - The Jam (Slow Hands Remix) [Mullet Records] (6:10) 6. Chordashian - The Jam [Mullet Records] (4:42) 7. Moon Boots - Aretha (ColeCo Remix) [Nurvous Records] (7:07) 8. Moon Boots - Aretha (Kid Colors 88 Cruiser Remix) [Nurvous Records] (7:35) 9. Moon Boots - Aretha (Original Dub) [Nurvous Records] (4:53) 10. Moon Boots - Aretha (Original Mix) [Nurvous Records] (4:21) 11. Moon Boots - Aretha (Zimmer Remix) [Nurvous Records] (5:04) 12. Of Norway - Song For Ava (Original Mix) [Connaisseur Recordings] (5:28) 13. Storm Queen - Look Right Through (Aeroplane Remix) [Defected] (5:13) 14. Storm Queen - Look Right Through (Dimitri From Paris Erodiscomix) [Defected] (7:01) 15. V i v i d - Everybody But Me (Original Mix) [Greelpound] (7:00) 16. Zarkoff - Lost Joys Of Youth (Original Mix) [Adriatiko Recordings] (4:50) 17. Zarkoff - Seven Sins Of Memory (Borgie Remix) [Adriatiko Recordings] (6:35) 18. Zarkoff - Seven Sins Of Memory (Original Mix) [Adriatiko Recordings] (6:20) Minimal 1. Display FM - Crikets (The Missing Link Remix) [Emote Music] (12:51) 2. Flexb - Call Me (Original Mix) [Delato Records] (7:00) 3. Flexb - Donna Gnini & Villar (Original Mix) [Delato Records] (7:00) 4. Flexb - Flex (Original Mix) [Delato Records] (7:01) 5. Gymmy J - Breaking The Habit (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (5:56) 6. Gymmy J - Dear Fabrizio (Feat The Rebby Show) [Different Is Better] (6:47) 7. Kane Roth - Little Helper 301 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (6:45) 8. Kane Roth - Little Helper 303 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (6:52) 9. Kane Roth - Little Helper 304 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (6:47) 10. Kane Roth - Little Helper 305 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (6:28) 11. Kane Roth - Little Helper 306 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (6:46) 12. Larry Baaaam - Power Of Cocaine 2k12 (Carlo Ruetz Remix) [040 Recordings] (7:14) 13. Santini, Tellez - Lost Thoughts (Alicia Hushs Buckaroo Remix) [Thoughtless Music] (6:40) 14. Sebastian Pena - In The Mind (Du Sant Remix) [Krad Records] (7:24) 15. Sebastian Pena - In The Mind (Original Mix) [Krad Records] (7:52) 16. Sebastian Pena - Little Drops (Original Mix) [Krad Records] (7:33) 17. Sebastian Pena - Sperm Race (Ochu LaRoss Remix) [Krad Records] (6:44) 18. Sebastian Pena - Sperm Race (Original Mix) [Krad Records] (7:17) 19. Sebastian Pena - Sperm Race (Ungar Remix) [Krad Records] (7:25) Progressive House 1. Alberto Matz - The Things I Left Behind (Original Mix) [WeRecommendRecords WRR] (8:03) 2. Alberto Matz - Your Sweetest Mistake (Original Mix) [WeRecommendRecords WRR] (8:03) 3. Asle & Anne - Lucky You (Dub 2012 ReMaster) [Blow Out Records] (7:34) 4. Asle & Anne - Lucky You (Instrumental 2012 ReMaster) [Blow Out Records] (8:32) 5. Asle & Anne - Lucky You (Original 2012 ReMaster) [Blow Out Records] (8:32) 6. Brotha Berry - Hot Nights (Original Mix) [Soul Shift Music] (6:29) 7. Cora Novoa - Calypso (Original Mix) [Mesmeric] (7:36) 8. Cora Novoa - Miami Affairs (Original Mix) [Mesmeric] (8:05) 9. Cora Novoa - Miami Affairs (Tigerskins Epic Version) [Mesmeric] (8:32) 10. David Far3ll - Freedom (Loquai Remix) [Balkan Delights] (5:52) 11. David Far3ll - Freedom (Stanisha Remix) [Balkan Delights] (9:30) 12. Fred Hyas - I Love You (Elev8 Remix) [Pure Magic Recordings] (6:11) 13. Housemonster - Perfect Match (Jonathan EQ Remix) [Family Business Records] (6:11) 14. Housemonster - Perfect Match (Original Mix) [Family Business Records] (5:56) 15. Imprezaboys - Sky Blue (Imprezaboys Adrenaline Remix) [Ib Digital] (7:32) 16. Javah, Mimi Boheme - Waiting (Altego Remix) [Redux Recordings] (6:34) 17. Jay Costa - Pianor (Original mix) [Juuhch] (5:10) 18. Lab Of Music - First Contact (Club Mix) [Labofmusic Records] (6:30) 19. Lab Of Music - First Contact (Dj Friendly) [Labofmusic Records] (6:53) 20. Lab Of Music - First Contact (Original Mix) [Labofmusic Records] (6:46) 21. Linas - Desire (Original Mix) [Progressive Tone Digital] (7:29) 22. Markeight - Line Up (Original Mix) [LAD Publishing & Records] (6:41) 23. Markeight - Shinobi (Original Mix) [LAD Publishing & Records] (7:05) 24. Massimo Cassini - God Mode (Guido Durante Remix) [Keep On] (9:03) 25. Matias Spataro - Their Illustrated Moment (Original Mix) [No Signal Records] (7:48) 26. Rich Gior - Mirage (Original Mix) [Southside Recordings] (6:47) 27. Rich Gior - New York New York (Original Mix) [Southside Recordings] (6:25) 28. rLINE - Anfibionic (Original Mix) [Speedsound] (8:59) 29. rLINE - Blind Also Dream (Original Mix) [Speedsound] (6:43) 30. rLINE - Nestdia (Original Mix) [Speedsound] (6:07) 31. rLINE - The Acid Milk (Original Mix) [Speedsound] (6:21) 32. rLINE - Vengeance (Original Mix) [Speedsound] (6:26) 33. Sedi - In Time (Original Mix) [NRG Dance Records] (8:55) 34. Spectromanski - Absinthe (Original Mix) [Journees Music] (9:13) 35. Spectromanski - Faded Memories (Original Mix) [Journees Music] (8:30) 36. Spectromanski - Il Volo Della Sirena (Original Mix) [Journees Music] (6:48) 37. Ville Nikkanen - Dizkomuzik (Original Mix) [4House Digital] (5:35) 38. Ville Nikkanen - Neon (Original Mix) [4House Digital] (7:31) 39. Ville Nikkanen - Night Flight (Original Mix) [4House Digital] (6:56) 40. Yuriy Poleg, Phillipo Blake, V.Ray - Dont Give Up (Felix Young Remix) [Muza Music] (8:09) Soulful House/Jackin 1. Brotha Berry - Ice Shock Proto2 (Original Mix) [Soul Shift Music] (5:38) 2. DJ Volcano - Mi Son (Original Mix) [El Buho] (5:07) 3. DJ Volcano - Mojito Cha (Original Mix) [El Buho] (5:04) 4. DJ Volcano - Sabroso Party (Original Mix) [El Buho] (5:04) 5. Jeff Service - All Dekked Out (Original Mix) [Flosshatt Digital] (6:44) 6. Jeff Service - Just A Little (Original Mix) [Flosshatt Digital] (6:29) 7. Jeff Service - My 92 (Original Mix) [Flosshatt Digital] (6:42) 8. Storm Queen - Look Right Through (Vocal Mix) [Defected] (7:29) Tech House 1. Amy B, Warehouse - You And Me Tonight (Hey Sam Remix) [3am Jam] (5:24) 2. Asle & Anne - Lucky You (Minilogue Remix) [Blow Out Records] (9:05) 3. Astronivo - The Porges (Henek Remix) [Sounds Of Earth] (8:12) 4. Dagrab - Voodoo Market (Original) [Nplaymusic] (6:46) 5. Dagrab - Voodoo Market (Soft Mix) [Nplaymusic] (6:29) 6. Diamond Lights, Anna Lunoe - Stronger (Solo Remix) [Yes Yes Records] (6:47) 7. Diavlo - Stereotype (Original Mix) [MAR186] (7:09) 8. Dishop - Felicidad (Alfonso Llovera Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (8:03) 9. Dishop - Felicidad (Dyan K Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (7:15) 10. Dishop - Felicidad (Jabu David Cut Aacini Gomez Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (6:42) 11. Dishop - Felicidad (Jair Ydan Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (6:54) 12. Dishop - Felicidad (Karlos Kastillo Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (6:39) 13. Dishop - Felicidad (Original Mix) [Technotitlan Records] (6:54) 14. Dishop - Felicidad (Sam Koen Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (7:42) 15. Dishop - Felicidad (Tone 15 Felicidad Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (8:38) 16. DJ Boris - La Musica (Cristian Arango Remix) [Nervous Records] (7:01) 17. DJ Boris - La Musica (Jean Pierre Lost In Queens Remix) [Nervous Records] (6:53) 18. DJ Boris - La Musica (Miss Jennifer Remix) [Nervous Records] (7:03) 19. DJ Boris - La Musica (Original Mix) [Nervous Records] (8:03) 20. Donato Bilancia, Joseph DL - Build Up (Original Mix) [Stendhal Records] (8:10) 21. Donato Bilancia, Joseph DL - Build Up (Paride Saracenis Abyssal Remix) [Stendhal Records] (7:48) 22. Emilio Picazo, Pechan DJ - Sucking Glass (SOS Fundation Original Mix) [Darkside Digital Records] (7:20) 23. Fabian Argomedo - Nordic (Redondo Remix) [Sanity] (7:25) 24. Kane Roth - Little Helper 302 (Original Mix) [Little Helpers] (7:01) 25. Magit Cacoon, Nunu - Soul Motion (P Toile & Tigerskin) [Girl Scout] (7:17) 26. Matt Everson - Love Chant (Original Mix) [Bamboo Music] (6:54) 27. Phonic Funk - Under [Strom] (7:38) 28. Phonic Funk - Utopia [Strom] (6:10) 29. Rickzor, Rumme - Gods Last (Original Mix) [Rogue Recordings] (7:18) 30. Rickzor, Rumme - How You Feel (Original Mix) [Rogue Recordings] (7:46) 31. Rickzor, Uf0 - Rompiendo Olas (Original Mix) [Rogue Recordings] (8:01) 32. Style Of Eye, Magnus the Magnus - Antidote (Highbloo Remix) [Horehaus] (5:37) 33. Style Of Eye, Magnus the Magnus - Antidote (NT89 Remix) [Horehaus] (5:21) 34. Style Of Eye, Magnus the Magnus - Antidote (Sebjak Remix) [Horehaus] (6:58) 35. Style Of Eye, Magnus the Magnus - Antidote (Tony Senghore Remix) [Horehaus] (5:29) 36. Yuriy Poleg, Phillipo Blake, V.Ray - Dont Give Up (Sanya Shelest Remix) [Muza Music] (6:45) Techno 1. AnGy KoRe, Daniele Crocenzi, Gymmy J - Danger (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (6:15) 2. AnGy KoRe - Hi (Gymmy J Remix) [Different Is Better] (7:00) 3. Astronivo - The Porges (Forza Remix) [Sounds Of Earth] (7:21) 4. Astronivo - The Porges (Original Mix) [Sounds Of Earth] (7:42) 5. Audio Louis - Jeff Is Locked (Original) [Glider Records] (7:00) 6. Audio Louis - Ugo Day (Original) [Glider Records] (6:40) 7. Audio Louis - Wet (Analog Peoples Streampunk) [Glider Records] (7:32) 8. Audio Louis - Wet (Original) [Glider Records] (6:43) 9. Balthazar, Jackrock - Das Zimmer (DJ Baly Remix) [Renesanz] (7:53) 10. Balthazar, Jackrock - Das Zimmer (George Yammine Remix) [Renesanz] (7:40) 11. Balthazar, Jackrock - Das Zimmer (Original Mix) [Renesanz] (7:04) 12. Balthazar, Jackrock - Das Zimmer (Skymate Remix) [Renesanz] (6:26) 13. Diavlo - Stereotype (Danny Nagels & Erez Only Remix) [MAR186] (6:51) 14. Dishop - Felicidad (AxHz Remix) [Technotitlan Records] (7:16) 15. Gymmy J - El Cholo (APaul Remix) [Different Is Better] (6:32) 16. Gymmy J - Karasho (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (7:23) 17. Gymmy J - No King (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (5:43) 18. Gymmy J - Punch (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (7:07) 19. Gymmy J - Recycle (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (7:13) 20. Gymmy J - Sharp (Original Mix) [Different Is Better] (7:03) 21. Jay Davis - Babel (Kaj Tyszka Remix) [Refuge Records] (7:06) 22. Jay Davis - Babel (Original) [Refuge Records] (7:44) 23. Jay Davis - Babel (Shannon Remix) [Refuge Records] (8:29) 24. Kyle Geiger - Final Chapter (Original) [Cubera Records] (7:18) 25. Kyle Geiger - Mimetic Desire (Original Mix) [Cubera Records] (6:41) 26. Kyle Geiger - Mimetic Desire (Warehouse Edit) [Cubera Records] (6:23) 27. Magit Cacoon, Nunu - Soul Motion (ME) [Girl Scout] (7:58) 28. Marka T, Devid Dega - The Grass Age (Guido Durante Remix) [Keep On] (7:13) 29. Mike Shannon - Walter Winchell (Original Mix) [Cynosure Recordings] (7:08) 30. Minimo - Loss (Original Mix) [Dropkick Records] (6:24) 31. Minimo - Sox (Original Mix) [Dropkick Records] (8:53) 32. Mr Bizz - Bamboo (Original Mix) [Beat Therapy Records] (7:56) 33. Mr Bizz - Olivia (Original Mix) [Beat Therapy Records] (7:10) 34. Santini, Tellez - Lost Thoughts (Fairmont Remix) [Thoughtless Music] (5:09) 35. Santini, Tellez - Lost Thoughts (Original Mix) [Thoughtless Music] (8:41) 36. Shannon & El Lobo - Bong Are The Days (Original Mix) [Cynosure Recordings] (7:35) 37. Sosa Ibiza - Wind Force (Michele Pinna Acid Techno Reinterpretation) [The Triangle Records] (8:14) 38. WayWork - Flipout (Original Mix) [Funktripes Music] (8:07) 39. WayWork - Miss Takes (Original Mix) [Funktripes Music] (8:34) 40. WayWork - Out of My Bed (Original Mix) [Funktripes Music] (7:07) 41. WayWork - Slow (Original Mix) [Funktripes Music] (8:00) Deep House 1. Afroseeds, Soul Maestro - Changes (Intrumental) [Housegrown] (8:08) 2. Afroseeds, Soul Maestro - Changes (Main Vocal) [Housegrown] (8:08) 3. Afroseeds, Soul Maestro - Changes (Remix) [Housegrown] (8:06) 4. Allan Zax - Come To The Sky (Album Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (7:15) 5. Allan Zax - Is It Midnight Already (Original Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (8:20) 6. Allan Zax - Remember Novermber (Original Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (9:05) 7. Allan Zax - Stylish Black (Album Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (8:32) 8. Allan Zax - Unspoken Words (Album Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (6:29) 9. Allan Zax - We Love The Music (Instrumental Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (7:25) 10. Amine Edge - I Love You (Original Mix) [Katchuli] (7:14) 11. Amine Edge - The Rythm (Chris Minus & SKAI Remix) [Katchuli] (7:38) 12. Amine Edge - The Rythm (Original Mix) [Katchuli] (7:19) 13. Bicycle Corporation - Citylight Safari (Original Mix) [WL77 1744] (5:41) 14. Bicycle Corporation - Someone Needs Me Back (Original Mix) [WL77 1744] (7:12) 15. Bicycle Corporation - Sunrise On The People (Original Mix) [WL77 1744] (6:23) 16. David Lazzari - Bird (Intro Mix) [DIP Recordings] (7:50) 17. David Lazzari - Star Final (Original Mix) [DIP Recordings] (9:15) 18. DTakerz, Jean Jeak - It Makes A Difference (Fathead Johnson Remix) [Grouper Recordings] (6:36) 19. DTakerz, Jean Jeak - It Makes A Difference (Leoesco Remix) [Grouper Recordings] (7:40) 20. DTakerz, Jean Jeak - It Makes A Difference (Original Mix) [Grouper Recordings] (7:23) 21. DTakerz, Jean Jeak - Orange Camomille (Original Mix) [Grouper Recordings] (6:54) 22. Gavin Herlihy - Endless Feeling (Larse Remix) [Culprit] (7:25) 23. Gavin Herlihy - Tell Me What You Need (Geddes 928 Remix) [Culprit] (7:03) 24. Gavin Herlihy - Tell Me What You Need (Inxec & Shaun Reeves Remix) [Culprit] (7:19) 25. Gordon Lyu - Lost Visions (Original Mix) [Officina Sonora] (4:35) 26. Hooved - Queen Of Flowers (Markus Homm Queens Way Remix) [Keep On] (8:15) 27. Hooved - Queen Of Flowers (Original Mix) [Keep On] (7:03) 28. Hooved - Queen Of Flowers (Sasch BBC & Caspar Remix) [Keep On] (6:51) 29. Jerry K - Hoot (Dirty Culture Remix) [Seta Label] (7:59) 30. Jerry K - Hoot (Original Mix) [Seta Label] (7:05) 31. Jerry K - What Do You Thing (Original Mix) [Seta Label] (6:41) 32. John Collins - Alone (Original Mix) [Vision Collective Recordings] (7:40) 33. John Collins - Deep Inside (Raw Mix) [Vision Collective Recordings] (6:26) 34. John Collins - Freestylin (Original Mix) [Vision Collective Recordings] (6:32) 35. John Collins - Roll With You (Original Mix) [Vision Collective Recordings] (6:57) 36. Kasper Winding - Chinatown To Chinatown (Acid Washed Remix) [Sound Of Copenhagen] (6:43) 37. Koolfunk - Eastway (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:48) 38. Kriece - The Squid From Madrid (Junk Yard Rhythm Section Mix) [Illegal Ninja Moves] (6:22) 39. Kruse & Nuernberg - Mesmerized (CRock & Brett Johnson Remix) [Moodmusic] (7:52) 40. Kruse & Nuernberg - Mesmerized (Original Mix) [Moodmusic] (6:47) 41. Kruse & Nuernberg - Reminiscence (Julien Chaptal Remix) [Moodmusic] (8:07) 42. Kruse & Nuernberg - Reminiscence (Michelle Owen Remix) [Moodmusic] (6:07) 43. Kruse & Nuernberg - Reminiscence (Original Mix) [Moodmusic] (6:18) 44. Martines - Around Sound (Mend Remix) [Deep Plastic Records] (7:10) 45. Martines - Around Sound (Mrkino Remix) [Deep Plastic Records] (7:00) 46. Martines - Around Sound (Original Mix) [Deep Plastic Records] (8:48) 47. Mercury - Candlelight feat Robert Owens (Original Mix) [Gomma Dance Tracks] (3:42) 48. Mercury - NY Feeling (Original Mix) [Gomma Dance Tracks] (5:49) 49. Mercury - Running Back To You feat Christopher McCray (Original Mix) [Gomma Dance Tracks] (5:55) 50. Milty Evans - Gregorian (Original) [Look At You Records] (7:10) 51. Nurhee - Dan (Jay Tripwire Remix) [Rip N Burn] (7:22) 52. Nurhee - Dan (Original Mix) [Rip N Burn] (7:19) 53. Olej - Dreams (Original Mix) [Deep Digital Recordings] (8:46) 54. Olej - Retromobil (Original Mix) [Deep Digital Recordings] (7:52) 55. Paul Mad - Undes (Original mix) [Deep Beep Records] (6:38) 56. Rene Breitbarth - East (Original Mix) [Deep Data] (7:06) 57. Rene Breitbarth - North (Original Mix) [Deep Data] (6:36) 58. Rene Breitbarth - South (Original Mix) [Deep Data] (7:58) 59. Rene Breitbarth - West (Original Mix) [Deep Data] (8:59) 60. Rishi K - Nomadic (Original Mix) [Dalam Muzika] (7:52) 61. Rishi K - San Pedro Dreaming (Original Mix) [Dalam Muzika] (9:56) 62. Sterling - Banana Shark (Festival Mix) [Unvirtual Music] (6:23) 63. Sterling - Banana Shark (Original Mix) [Unvirtual Music] (5:44) 64. Sterling - So Why Did They (Agrande Remix) [Unvirtual Music] (7:11) 65. Sterling - So Why Did They (Original Mix) [Unvirtual Music] (6:03) 66. Yeray Herrera, Vicious Beats - Special Deep (Original Mix) [Vicious Music Records] (6:39) 67. Yeray Herrera, Vicious Beats - The Truth (Original Mix) [Vicious Music Records] (6:45) 68. Yeray Herrera - Sound Of The Night (Dan Styles Remix) [Vicious Music Records] (7:21) 69. Yeray Herrera - Sound Of The Night (Original Mix) [Vicious Music Records] (7:17) Electro House 1. Abduction Live - Life Is Like (Original Mix) [Proto Records] (6:09) 2. Abduction Live - The Rise (Original Mix) [Proto Records] (5:45) 3. Abduction Live - Vocalizer (Original Mix) [Proto Records] (5:54) 4. Alex Greed, Matt Ace - Phosphor (Back To The Roots Mix) [Clone 21 Records] (7:48) 5. Alex Greed, Matt Ace - Phosphor (Kishin Vs Ice Climbers Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (4:29) 6. Alex Greed, Matt Ace - Phosphor (Original Mix) [Clone 21 Records] (7:01) 7. Alex Greed, Matt Ace - Phosphor (Raw N Holgerson Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (5:50) 8. Alex Greed, Matt Ace - Phosphor (Stereoliner Remix) [Clone 21 Records] (7:06) 9. Astro Raph - Da House Dewn Boots Feat DJ La Rage (Original Mix) [Busted Beats] (6:20) 10. Bassive - New School (Cool Project Remix) [Funkk Sound Recordings] (5:54) 11. Bassive - New School (Enrique Navarrete Remix) [Funkk Sound Recordings] (4:21) 12. Bassive - New School (Most Freedom Remix) [Funkk Sound Recordings] (4:29) 13. Bassive - New School (Original Mix) [Funkk Sound Recordings] (3:44) 14. Christian VilaCosme Martin - The Green Way (Adrian Villaverde Remix) [Mylo Records] (6:00) 15. Chunks - Get Down To Miami (General Tosh Remix) [Tiger Records] (5:22) 16. Chunks - Get Down To Miami (Nuff Remix) [Tiger Records] (5:18) 17. Dafter - Bang Bang (Original Mix) [Gigabeat Records] (5:52) 18. Dafter - Guess This (Original Mix) [Gigabeat Records] (5:11) 19. Dafter - Up To Your Mind (Original Mix) [Gigabeat Records] (5:47) 20. DDeiEstate - Revolver (Original Mix) [Betty Beat Records] (6:56) 21. Divine X - Akasha (Original Mix) [Heavy Artillery Recordings] (5:58) 22. Divine X - Extermination (Original Mix) [Heavy Artillery Recordings] (6:44) 23. Divine X - Ride (Original Mix) [Heavy Artillery Recordings] (6:12) 24. Dj Mark Power - Comon Baby Bounce (Moodyboy Remix) [RedSeaDanceRecords] (8:44) 25. DJ Neogame - Blue Blood (Original Mix) [Electrico Records] (4:33) 26. DJ Neogame - Difficult load (Original Mix) [Electrico Records] (5:41) 27. Electroshock, DJ Neogame - Great Impression (Original Mix) [Electrico Records] (5:44) 28. Electroshock - Arabesco (DJ Neogame Remix) [Electrico Records] (4:39) 29. Gioshi - Fire (Bonus Track) [Smilax Records] (4:24) 30. Isis Signum - Electromagnetica (Original Mix) [Sango Music] (6:13) 31. Ivan The Muru - Memories Of Sensations (Original Mix) [Magic Beatz Records] (6:11) 32. Johnny Beast - Bonfire For A Witch (Original Mix) [Rezone Records] (8:33) 33. Johnny Beast - Go (Original Mix) [Rezone Records] (8:41) 34. JTrick, JayyFresh - Diablo (Original Mix) [Club Cartel] (5:55) 35. JTrick, JayyFresh - Shakedown (Original Mix) [Club Cartel] (5:30) 36. Kredo - One Of A Kind (Tommie Keeston Remix) [Bonerizing Records] (4:29) 37. makina - Bounce (Original Mix) [Get It On Records] (7:37) 38. Malcolm Funktion, Secret Groovers - The Secret Funktion (Da GobliNN Remix) [Absolutely Records] (5:07) 39. Malcolm Funktion, Secret Groovers - The Secret Funktion (KrisCuk Remix) [Absolutely Records] (4:38) 40. Malcolm Funktion, Secret Groovers - The Secret Funktion (Original Mix) [Absolutely Records] (5:16) 41. Markus Voorn - Another Day (Original Mix) [Unilife Records] (9:01) 42. Markus Voorn - Zodiac (Original Mix) [Unilife Records] (7:46) 43. Noisestorm - Backlash (Original Mix) [Monstercat] (5:22) 44. Noisestorm - Let It Roar (Original Mix) [Monstercat] (5:46) 45. Noisestorm - Renegade (Original Mix) [Monstercat] (6:10) 46. Rokas M, Ignas Petru, Martyna - Juicy Beach (Miami Album Mix) [Soundwaves] (5:22) 47. Switch Cook - Planete 51 (Original Mix) [Royal Music Paris] (7:52) 48. Teamtek - Elektrofunt (Original Mix) [Evolution Recordings] (5:32) 49. TonC - Almost There (Original Mix) [Young Guns] (4:33) House 1. Allan Zax - Me Me Me & Me Too (Original Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (7:44) 2. AlX - Tasty (Millok & Dark Beat Remix) [Straight Music] (7:14) 3. Astro Raph - Happiness And Pain (Original Mix) [Busted Beats] (5:16) 4. Astro Raph - No Worry (Original Mix) [Busted Beats] (7:15) 5. Atesh K - Nicosia (Gilbert Van Haasen RMX) [Regular Beats Records] (6:14) 6. Barry Fore - 4Ya (Dizkodude Remix) [Essentials] (7:24) 7. Barry Fore - 4Ya (Nene Dasile Remix) [Essentials] (7:01) 8. Barry Fore - 4Ya (Original Mix) [Essentials] (6:38) 9. Barry Fore - 4Ya (Sem Thomasson Remix) [Essentials] (6:19) 10. Bertie Bassett - Kinda Beat (Beat Mix) [Total Wipes] (7:46) 11. Bertie Bassett - Kinda Beat (Kinda Mix) [Total Wipes] (7:08) 12. Bertie Bassett - To The Rhythm (Original Mix) [Total Wipes] (6:24) 13. Brandon Steel - Other Side (Andy LaToggo Remix) [Nachtaktiv Records] (6:18) 14. Brandon Steel - Other Side (Diego Diaz Remix) [Nachtaktiv Records] (6:05) 15. Brotha Berry - Ice Shock Proto2 (Original Mix) [Soul Shift Music] (5:38) 16. BSC - What You Do To Me Ft Jessi Colosante (Boddhi Satva Afriki Soul Inst Remix) [NY Soul Records] (6:45) 17. BSC - What You Do To Me Ft Jessi Colosante (Boddhi Satva Afriki Soul Remix) [NY Soul Records] (6:45) 18. BSC - What You Do To Me Ft Jessi Colosante (Original) [NY Soul Records] (6:50) 19. BSC - What You Do To Me Ft Jessi Colosante (Rob Lamont Remix) [NY Soul Records] (6:20) 20. CCO - And I Love Her (Original Mix) [Dustpan Recordings] (5:09) 21. CCO - Dont Care 4 Me (Original Mix) [Dustpan Recordings] (6:29) 22. CCO - Old Buddy Bolden (Original Mix) [Dustpan Recordings] (6:10) 23. Chris Count - 4 Your Love (Club Mix) [Upsoul] (6:56) 24. Chris Count - 4 Your Love (Original Mix) [Upsoul] (6:48) 25. Chunks - Get Down To Miami (DJ Falk Remix) [Tiger Records] (5:58) 26. David Herrero - Groove Pressure (Original Mix) [Nirvana Recordings] (5:37) 27. David Mayl, Aisha Bordas - La Fete feat Aisha Bordas (Original Mix) [Playmusic Recordings] (5:55) 28. Daviddance - Danger feat Miss Danger (Original Mix) [Daviddance] (7:37) 29. DDeiEstate - That Easy (Original Mix) [Betty Beat Records] (6:07) 30. Diego Sanchez, Mary Row - JUST LISTEN Feat Mary Row (Edu Iglesias Remix) [Evolution Senses Records] (7:09) 31. DJ Smilk - Police (Original Mix) [Dum A Dum Records] (6:38) 32. DLayna, Juan K Paul - I Feel The Music (ArkadiuszS Remix) [Housearth Records] (7:44) 33. Do Shock Booze - Jah is not dead (Makotrax Remix) [Totem Traxx] (7:41) 34. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Jan Areno Remix) [Disc Doctor] (5:39) 35. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Original Mix) [Disc Doctor] (7:12) 36. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Treitl Hammond Remix) [Disc Doctor] (7:12) 37. Electric Avenue - Jupiter (Original Mix) [Groove Life Records] (6:08) 38. Frank Cherryman, Danny Ulman, Jesus Amo - Hold Back The Tears (Original Mix) [Moorgate Records] (5:13) 39. Freddy D - Loves Gone Behind (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:20) 40. Fresh, Ali Algranati - Change Your Mind (Original Mix) [Bikini Records] (6:30) 41. George Llanes Jr. - Soul Ascension (Original Mix) [Street King] (6:56) 42. Ghettochild - Jaymis Street (Original Mix) [Oxi2 Records] (8:26) 43. iAma - THE GAME (EXTENDED MIX) [Melodica] (6:21) 44. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Disco Lights (Original Mix) [Disko Zoo Records] (5:03) 45. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Disco Lights (Wise D & Kobe Remix) [Disko Zoo Records] (6:36) 46. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Dynomite (MarkFunk Old School Remix) [Disko Zoo Records] (6:36) 47. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Dynomite (Original Mix) [Disko Zoo Records] (5:05) 48. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Evil Woman (Bryan Jones Remix) [Disko Zoo Records] (7:40) 49. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Evil Woman (Jazzys PLFT Remix) [Disko Zoo Records] (6:43) 50. Jean Jacques Smoothie - Evil Woman (Original Mix) [Disko Zoo Records] (5:33) 51. Jerry M & DrPJ - Hold Me (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (5:36) 52. Jerry M & DrPJ - Holiday Club Mix (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (6:01) 53. Jerry M & DrPJ - Holiday Orijinal Mix (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (4:33) 54. Jerry M & DrPJ - Speak Up 99 (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (7:00) 55. Jerry M & DrPJ - Wind Like (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (5:54) 56. KKlass - Bad Boy (Original Mix) [Hotfingers] (6:26) 57. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (Alex Guerrero Remix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (8:28) 58. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (Alex Myna Remix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (6:44) 59. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (D-Unitys Big Room Mix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (7:07) 60. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (D-Unitys Remix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (6:33) 61. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (Extended Mix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (5:18) 62. Kourosh Tazmini, Anda Adam - Can U Feel Love (ZAD Remix) [Exklusive Records Vidisco] (6:54) 63. Leisuregroove, Kevin Andrews - Came To Fk (Club Mix) [Housesession Records] (7:59) 64. Leisuregroove, Kevin Andrews - Do The Shit My Way & feat Joe Le Groove (Original Mix) [Housesession Records] (7:42) 65. Leslie Carter, Slow Motion Replay - Tell Me Bedtime Story (Soul Source Remix) [Soulab] (5:55) 66. Linka, MondelloG - Happy Day (Original Mix) [Essentials] (5:37) 67. Little Nancy - World Vision (Fingers Clear Remix) [Aquasound] (7:56) 68. Little Nancy - World Vision (Original Mix) [Aquasound] (6:06) 69. Lyya Rokk, Michael Donato - Get Out (Original Mix) [Moozaa Records] (7:16) 70. Lyya Rokk, Michael Donato - Get Out (Rayart Minor Mix) [Moozaa Records] (6:46) 71. Marksell - New Season (Club Mix) [2DJS4LOVE Recordings] (7:23) 72. Marksell - New Season (Electric Mix) [2DJS4LOVE Recordings] (6:17) 73. Marksell - New Season (Extended Mix) [2DJS4LOVE Recordings] (7:24) 74. Marksell - New Season (Original Mix) [2DJS4LOVE Recordings] (5:54) 75. Milty Evans - Bet On Black (Original) [Look At You Records] (6:58) 76. Mitchell Niemeyer - Botox (Delivio Reavon & Aaron Gill Remix) [Steel Music] (6:05) 77. Mitchell Niemeyer - Botox (Giancarlo Remix) [Steel Music] (5:19) 78. Mitchell Niemeyer - Botox (Nene Dasile Remix) [Steel Music] (5:45) 79. Mitchell Niemeyer - Botox (Original Mix) [Steel Music] (6:00) 80. Oscar L - Woman On Fire (Rikard Remix) [TKC Music] (7:18) 81. Parfenov, Anton Balkov - Day By Day (Duher Remix) [Essentials] (5:10) 82. Project 99 - Bubbles (Jane Klos Remix) [Electro Top] (5:16) 83. Raffa Garcia - Element Beautiful feat Bismarck Sax (Latin House Mix) [Playmusic Recordings] (7:30) 84. Raffa Garcia - Element Beautiful feat Bismarck Sax (Original Mix) [Playmusic Recordings] (7:29) 85. Rick Silva - El Beat (Original Mix) [Progresiva Records & Grooves] (7:21) 86. Ruben Zurita - Nothing Is True (Angelo Ferreri On Discours Mix) [Station Group Records] (7:08) 87. Sebastian Moreno - Back To The Roots (Original Mix) [Seen Records] (5:10) 88. Subban - Paris Bebe feat JEF K (Dub Digital Only) [Silver Network] (8:27) 89. Subban - Paris Bebe feat JEF K (Jef K Gwen Maze & PIRRES Dub Version Digital Only) [Silver Network] (7:14) 90. Subban - Paris Bebe feat JEF K (Jef K Gwen Maze & PIRRES Version) [Silver Network] (7:13) 91. Subban - Paris BeBe feat JEF K (Original Mix) [Silver Network] (8:29) 92. Tomy Montana - What U Want (Modaal & Discojack Rmx) [Gramma Rec] (6:54) 93. Tomy Montana - What U Want (Original Mix) [Gramma Rec] (6:07) 94. Uppercut - Turn The Music To Your Head (Mikel Curcio Remix) [KULT] (6:10) 95. Victor Vera - Planet Cool (Original Mix) [Apsides Records] (6:46) 96. Victor Vera - Vendetta (Original Mix) [Apsides Records] (8:06) 97. Volkoder, Darocha - For You (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (7:06) 98. Volkoder, Darocha - Wanna Dance (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (7:06) 99. Yogi Man - Fat Kid Dancing (Original Mix) [Groove Life Records] (6:28) 100. Yogi Man - My Hands Are On Fire (Original Mix) [Groove Life Records] (6:24) 101. Yuriy Poleg, Phillipo Blake, VRay - Dont Give Up (Zetandel Chill Remix) [Muza Music] (5:05) Indie Dance/Nu Disco 1. David Mariscal - Mil Flores (Instrumental) [POLKA] (8:12) 2. David Mariscal - Mil Flores (Rychy Martin Vision) [POLKA] (6:57) 3. David Mariscal - Mil Flores (Vox) [POLKA] (8:12) 4. Dean Sutton - American Dreams (Original Mix) [4House Digital] (5:03) Minimal 1. Aiho - Playground (Lucents Playtime Remix) [Bosphorus Underground Recordings] (6:52) 2. Aiho - Playground (Original Mix) [Bosphorus Underground Recordings] (7:03) 3. Andy Mart - Drop & Run (Original Mix) [Ready 2 Rock] (6:50) 4. Andy Mart - Gameplay (Original Mix) [Ready 2 Rock] (7:34) 5. Bombilla - I Think I Spider (Original Mix) [Shufflemood] (6:51) 6. Bombilla - No Comment (Coeters Dark Edit) [Shufflemood] (6:58) 7. Bombilla - No Comment (Original Mix) [Shufflemood] (6:36) 8. CPixel - Future Artefact (Philo Sci Mix) [Pulsed Recordings] (7:03) 9. Damolh33, Hertzman - Analysis (Original Mix) [NuLabel] (6:10) 10. Damolh33, Hertzman - Density (Original Mix) [NuLabel] (6:33) 11. Damolh33, Hertzman - Magus (Original Mix) [NuLabel] (6:14) 12. Damolh33, Hertzman - Steel Tongue (Original Mix) [NuLabel] (6:18) 13. Dano Cube - Abstract (Original Mix) [Minimized Records] (7:24) 14. Dano Cube - Liquid (Original Mix) [Minimized Records] (8:03) 15. Giuseppe Bottone - Anomaly (Original Mix) [Berlin Aufnahmen] (7:31) 16. Giuseppe Bottone - End Of The World (Original Mix) [Berlin Aufnahmen] (7:37) 17. Giuseppe Bottone - Il Trapezio (Original Mix) [Berlin Aufnahmen] (8:11) 18. Giuseppe Francaviglia - Ping Pong (Original Mix) [FHD Records] (7:15) 19. Ill Boy Phil - Bierzeltnintendo (Orginal) [Signal] (10:29) 20. Ill Boy Phil - Get Angry (Orginal) [Signal] (7:03) 21. Ill Boy Phil - Get Angry (Remix) [Signal] (6:33) 22. Jepy Jey - Plastic Fantastic (Giuseppe Francaviglia & Davix Remix) [JJ Records] (6:15) 23. Jepy Jey - Plastic Fantastic (Original Mix) [JJ Records] (6:03) 24. Jepy Jey - Plastic Fantastic (Redub Remix) [JJ Records] (7:48) 25. Jepy Jey - Plastic Fantastic (Tony Kairom Remix) [JJ Records] (6:56) 26. Jorge Savoretti - Sul Meno (Original Mix) [Love Letters From Oslo] (7:48) 27. Kachas - Dream (Original Mix) [Octane Recordings] (6:52) 28. Kachas - No No (Original Mix) [Octane Recordings] (8:01) 29. Kachas - Respect (Original Mix) [Octane Recordings] (9:52) 30. KINEZzzz - Capture This (Original Mix) [New Era Recordings] (5:00) 31. Michael Melchner - Sumu (Original Mix) [Love Letters From Oslo] (8:06) 32. Michele Flore - Celest June (Original Mix) [Emmestudio Records] (5:40) 33. Michele Flore - Trem (Original Mix) [Emmestudio Records] (5:12) 34. Pitt Larsen - Phenomenal (Original Mix) [Specktral Blue] (6:11) 35. Pitt Larsen - Presure (Original Mix) [Specktral Blue] (6:35) 36. Sebastian Pena - Black Souvenir (Original Mix) [Manege] (7:23) 37. Sebastian Pena - Black Souvenir (Sudok Remix) [Manege] (5:21) 38. Sebastian Pena - In Black (Felix Lorusso Remix) [Manege] (6:57) 39. Sebastian Pena - In Black (Original Mix) [Manege] (8:11) 40. Stealth Slap - Ummmbeck (Original Mix) [EON5] (7:06) 41. Zombie In Progress - Project Alexia (Richie Med Remix) [Tekx Records] (7:52) Progressive House 1. Allan Zax - No Fear (Original Mix) [Dutchie Worldwide] (8:47) 2. Andrew M, Sonny G - Kidney (Original Mix) [Squeeze Music] (4:32) 3. Andy Piney - Blue Inside (Original Mix) [DLab Records] (8:22) 4. Andy Piney - What The DJ (Original Mix) [DLab Records] (9:37) 5. Austin - Picture (Bob Fanzidon Remix) [Panda Recordings] (7:46) 6. Austin - Picture (Dontknower Deep Remix) [Panda Recordings] (9:00) 7. Austin - Picture (Original Mix) [Panda Recordings] (6:38) 8. Austin - Picture (Shaddike Remix) [Panda Recordings] (5:39) 9. C2U - Drama (Original Mix) [T & T Records] (5:27) 10. C2U - Fire of the Night (Original Mix) [T & T Records] (5:17) 11. C2U - Fluffy Bunny Feet (Original Mix) [T & T Records] (5:59) 12. C2U - Rodeo Drive (Original Mix) [T & T Records] (5:15) 13. Carlo Lucca, Diane Morgan - Magic Of The Place (Original Mix) [Livelife Digital Records] (6:28) 14. Cheerocky, 82 Drones - Prophetess (Original Mix) [SoHo Beats Recordings] (6:58) 15. Christian Falero, Adrian Villaverde - Control Feat Ashley Kirk (Instrumental Mix) [Pink Rabbit] (7:04) 16. Christian Falero, Adrian Villaverde - Control Feat Ashley Kirk (Mednas Dub Mix) [Pink Rabbit] (5:09) 17. Christian Falero, Adrian Villaverde - Control Feat Ashley Kirk (Original Mix) [Pink Rabbit] (7:04) 18. Chunks - Get Down To Miami (Original Mix) [Tiger Records] (5:33) 19. Coherent - Archetypal (Original Mix) [Particles] (8:51) 20. Coherent - Archetypal (Tvardovsky Remix) [Particles] (7:06) 21. Disfunktion - Lapogee (Jake Shanahan & Sebastian Lintz Remix) [S2 Records] (5:57) 22. Disfunktion - Lapogee (Ludvig Holm fk Melodies Remix) [S2 Records] (6:52) 23. Disfunktion - Lapogee (Original Mix) [S2 Records] (6:52) 24. Dj Mark Power - Comon Baby Bounce (Club Mix Remix) [RedSeaDanceRecords] (5:43) 25. Dj Mark Power - Comon Baby Bounce (Steve Murrell Remix) [RedSeaDanceRecords] (5:52) 26. DJ Mojito - Lucky (Original Mix) [Le Night Club] (7:44) 27. DJ Tommy One - With Love in Heart (Original Mix) [Bullhorn Records] (4:16) 28. DLayna, Juan K Paul - I Feel The Music (DJ Bounce Remix) [Housearth Records] (5:54) 29. DLayna, Juan K Paul - I Feel The Music (Jose Uceda Remix) [Housearth Records] (5:50) 30. Do Shock Booze - Jah is not dead (Fumihiro Hoshi & DJ FREAK Remix) [Totem Traxx] (7:18) 31. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Dreamway & Gabi Oprea Remix) [Disc Doctor] (6:40) 32. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Seedy Jazz & Eeemus Remix) [Disc Doctor] (5:44) 33. Dr Kucho - Belmondo Rulez 40 (Tim Engelhardt Remix) [Disc Doctor] (6:41) 34. Ed Lee - Pancakes (Original Mix) [Stripped Digital] (6:45) 35. EDX, Nadia Ali - This Is Your Life (Original Club Mix) [PinkStar Records] (5:25) 36. Elvis K - They All Know You (Original Mix) [Jill Recordings] (6:02) 37. Evave - Free Tonight (Original Mix) [Digital Motion] (5:57) 38. Evave - Start Again (Original Mix) [Digital Motion] (7:01) 39. Evave - Time To Go (Original Mix) [Digital Motion] (7:39) 40. Fabio Perpetua - Bio (Original Mix) [Love That Sound Records] (5:18) 41. Fabio Perpetua - Bio (Rework) [Love That Sound Records] (6:13) 42. Fyono - Cut Me Loose (Originak Mix) [Vurtical] (7:10) 43. Fyono - Three Bottles Of Ballantines (Original Mix) [Vurtical] (6:31) 44. Hairdryer - Back To The Sunshine (Alfacentaurus Remix) [Trancepole] (5:04) 45. Hairdryer - Back To The Sunshine (Igor Zaharov amp Sober System Remix) [Trancepole] (6:37) 46. Hairdryer - Back To The Sunshine (Original Mix) [Trancepole] (6:35) 47. Hakan Akcan - Impossible Love (Original Mix) [Silvana Records] (8:23) 48. Hakan Akcan - Son Of The Wind (Original Mix) [Silvana Records] (8:23) 49. Hakan Akcan - Youre In My Dream (Original Mix) [Silvana Records] (8:20) 50. Hugcaro, Rafael de Alba - ShangriLa (The Other Side Instrumental Mix) [SYCDmusic] (7:44) 51. Hugcaro, Rafael de Alba - ShangriLa (The Other Side Mix) [SYCDmusic] (7:44) 52. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Dj Emil Mainstream Mix) [Dextrous Records] (8:15) 53. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Evgeny KoTT Remix) [Dextrous Records] (7:19) 54. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Incognet Remix) [Dextrous Records] (7:05) 55. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Original Mix) [Dextrous Records] (6:59) 56. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Platinum Monkey Remix) [Dextrous Records] (7:47) 57. Igor Voevodin - Baku Night (Sezer Uysal Loves Baku Remix) [Dextrous Records] (7:11) 58. Igor Zaharov, Sober System - Kill Killer (Original Mix) [Flash Records] (6:07) 59. Inkfish - Procrastination (Original Mix) [Inkfish Recordings] (6:35) 60. Italo Roldo - The Bee (Thanos Kous Remix) [Stigma Recordings] (6:50) 61. Jason Brooks - Control The World (Christian Poow Remix) [Futuro Sounds] (6:58) 62. Johnny Beast, Kenzou Kumei - Keep Busted (Original Mix) [Rezone Records] (8:29) 63. Marwan Jaafreh - Moments Of Remembering (Original Mix) [Impressed Recordings] (7:06) 64. MatricK - I Will Tech You Sucker (Original Mix) [Cyber Donkey] (6:47) 65. MatricK - The World Can Be Better (Original Mix) [Cyber Donkey] (5:47) 66. Millaway - Bluescreen (Original Mix) [Anatolian Deep] (7:10) 67. Millaway - Everlast (Artem Zlobin Remix) [Anatolian Deep] (6:36) 68. Millaway - Everlast (Coreye Remix) [Anatolian Deep] (7:19) 69. Millaway - Everlast (Original Mix) [Anatolian Deep] (7:23) 70. Monogamma, Eugene - Shine (KavProject Remix) [System Recordings] (7:27) 71. Monogamma, Eugene - Shine (Original Mix) [System Recordings] (6:14) 72. Niko Trade Mark - Unexpected (Original Mix) [Dancefloor Dreams] (6:39) 73. Oscar L - Woman On Fire (Original Mix) [TKC Music] (6:36) 74. Paduraru - Bedtime Stories (Burche Deephouse Mix) [Worldwide Exclusive Records] (6:42) 75. Paduraru - Dynamicfaith (Archie JD Proghouse Mix) [Worldwide Exclusive Records] (6:28) 76. Paduraru - Movational Melodies (Inspiring House Mix) [Worldwide Exclusive Records] (7:22) 77. Paduraru - Progside Dub (Proghouse Mix) [Worldwide Exclusive Records] (7:01) 78. Raffa Vergara - Africa (Luis Ache Remix) [Tulum Records] (6:37) 79. Raffa Vergara - Africa (Maiax Tribalism Remix) [Tulum Records] (6:53) 80. Raffa Vergara - Africa (Mark Alvarado Remix) [Tulum Records] (5:23) 81. Raffa Vergara - Africa (Original Mix) [Tulum Records] (7:08) 82. Robero - Youre In My Heart (Extended Mix) [Digital Gunsta] (5:37) 83. Sid Mehra - Inference As Usual (4llucinex Remix) [Eltronic Fusion Records] (7:14) 84. Solesystem pres Melomaniacs - American Dream (DEye Remix) [Mistique Digital] (7:59) 85. Solesystem pres Melomaniacs - American Dream (Original Mix) [Mistique Digital] (7:37) 86. Solesystem pres Melomaniacs - American Dream (XSector Remix) [Mistique Digital] (8:52) 87. Sugarshaker, Leeroy K - Afraid To Close My Eyes (Moodyboy Remix) [RedSeaDanceRecords] (8:25) 88. Sugarshaker, Leeroy K - Afraid To Close My Eyes (Steve Murrell Remix) [RedSeaDanceRecords] (6:44) 89. Switch Cook - Nothing Is Real (Original Mix) [Royal Music Paris] (7:48) 90. Switch Cook - So Strong (Original Mix) [Royal Music Paris] (7:49) 91. Syzthaime - Duodenum (Original Mix) [Beardy Bird] (7:29) 92. Syzthaime - Neptune (Original Mix) [Beardy Bird] (8:37) 93. Syzthaime - Withconde (Original Mix) [Beardy Bird] (8:23) 94. T. Tommy, Blas Marin, Patrizze, Jose Del Barrio - Try (Original Mix) [Morumbi Recordings] (6:07) 95. The Digital Monkey - Needs A Name (Original Mix) [KornerHouseRecords] (6:52) 96. The Digital Monkey - Rhapsodic (Original Mix) [KornerHouseRecords] (8:59) 97. The Digital Monkey - Undisclosed (Original Mix) [KornerHouseRecords] (7:10) 98. The Digital Monkey - Unnamed (Original Mix) [KornerHouseRecords] (7:22) 99. Tone Ranger - Hold On Tight (Original Mix) [Mena Music] (6:50) 100. TPe3 - Lost (Original Mix) [Junior The Clubbers] (7:30) 101. Uppercut - Turn The Music To Your Head (Original Mix) [KULT] (8:27) 102. Vincent Martini - Passion (Instrumental Mix) [Passion Night Records] (6:14) 103. Vincent Martini - Passion feat Ailin (Club Martini Rework) [Passion Night Records] (6:03) 104. Vincent Martini - Passion feat Ailin (Edoardo EDR Rosellini) [Passion Night Records] (5:26) 105. Vincent Martini - Passion feat Ailin (Extended Mix) [Passion Night Records] (5:49) 106. Vincent Martini - Passion feat Ailin (Jessie Pink Remix) [Passion Night Records] (5:44) 107. Vincent Martini - Passion feat Ailin (Jozef C Remix) [Passion Night Records] (4:41) Tech House 1. Acirne - Circle Of Us (Original Mix) [Memento] (7:30) 2. Alex Hentze - Side Walk (Chris Fortier 40oz. Dub) [CUBEREC] (5:50) 3. Alex Hentze - Side Walk (Chris Fortier 40oz. Remix) [CUBEREC] (6:36) 4. Allan Ramirez - Junior (Original Mix) [Good Feeling] (7:14) 5. Atesh K - Dark Tension (Barish Baron Remix) [Regular Beats Records] (8:08) 6. Black Criss - Liqued (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (7:44) 7. Blue Mondays - Holes (Original Mix) [Memento] (8:39) 8. Blue Mondays - Holes Dub (Dub) [Memento] (8:55) 9. Boza - Welcome To The Party (Original Mix) [Modified Records] (6:10) 10. Dani Casarano, Felipe Valenzuela, Yvan Genkins - Earth & Sun (Remix) [Melisma] (7:43) 11. Dany Cohiba - Kapurtala (Original Mix) [Gabbana Records] (6:13) 12. Dany Cohiba - Kapurtala (The Macbrothers Remix) [Gabbana Records] (6:17) 13. Datasend - Push It Dude (Bastian Knop Remix) [Meleon Music] (8:09) 14. David Herrero - Groove Pressure (Cuartero Remix) [Nirvana Recordings] (6:51) 15. Davis Gruss, Celic - This Story (DJ Smilk Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:33) 16. Davis Gruss, Celic - This Story (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:36) 17. Davis Gruss - Lamur (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:09) 18. Davis Gruss - Lovinger (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (7:10) 19. Dhaze - Locked Out (Original Mix) [Low Pressings] (7:03) 20. Dhaze - The Trap (Original Mix) [Low Pressings] (7:40) 21. DJ Smilk, Black Criss - Estuphira (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (8:22) 22. DJ Smilk, Black Criss - Is The True (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:18) 23. DJ Smilk, Davis Gruss, Black Criss - Indonesia (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:36) 24. DJ Smilk, Davis Gruss - So Club (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (7:34) 25. Gas - Nighthawk (Original Mix) [Memento] (6:29) 26. Gomo - Bandelay (Mikel Ayerra & Ismael Alonso Remix) [Dum A Dum Records] (6:14) 27. Gomo - Bandelay (Original Mix) [Dum A Dum Records] (7:10) 28. Hector Couto, Danny Serano - Jet Lag (Original Mix) [Brise Records] (7:10) 29. iO, Goshva - Getaway (Original Mix) [Mulen Records] (7:54) 30. iO, Goshva - Lazy Time (Original Mix) [Mulen Records] (7:54) 31. iO, Goshva - Salamander (Alex Celler Spaced Out Dub) [Mulen Records] (7:20) 32. iO, Goshva - Salamander (Original Mix) [Mulen Records] (7:26) 33. Jerry M & DrPJ - Smooth Over (Original Mix) [Bpm Bros] (6:57) 34. Jewel Kid - Double E (Original Mix) [Alleanza] (8:07) 35. Julian Collazos - Adventure (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:35) 36. Julian Collazos - Long Life (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:24) 37. Julian Collazos - Toxic (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:00) 38. Julian M - Full (DJ WLD Remix) [Catwash Records] (8:08) 39. Julian M - Full (Gauthier DM Remix) [Catwash Records] (8:01) 40. Julian M - Full (Original Mix) [Catwash Records] (6:46) 41. Kolokol Production - Meri Fon Lele (Changes Mix) [Kolokol Digital] (6:12) 42. Kolokol Production - Meri Fon Lele (Original Mix) [Kolokol Digital] (6:11) 43. Kolokol Production - Meri Fon Lele (Pawas Remix) [Kolokol Digital] (8:41) 44. Kolokol Production - Meri Fon Lele (Rene Breitbarth Remix) [Kolokol Digital] (6:50) 45. Kuca - What Happpened (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (5:32) 46. Luca Donzelli - Bottle Of Truth (Original Mix) [Kaapro Rec] (6:27) 47. Luca Donzelli - Cimelicus (Original Mix) [Kaapro Rec] (7:08) 48. Luca Donzelli - Play The Mind (Joop Juniors Intoxicated Rework) [Kaapro Rec] (5:45) 49. Luca Donzelli - Play The Mind (Original Mix) [Kaapro Rec] (7:17) 50. Marcelo Castelli, Tom Sawyer - Is This Love (Tom Sawyer Remix) [Atsuo Records] (6:43) 51. MatricK - Trollolo (Original Mix) [Cyber Donkey] (7:11) 52. Max Cue - Medicine Man (Original Mix) [Sonoptix] (7:30) 53. Max Cue - Satellite (Original Mix) [Sonoptix] (7:44) 54. Max Tocci - Panic Room (Original Club Mix) [Nasimus Records] (7:29) 55. Michael Knop - Crash Prophet (Original Mix) [Green Fiction] (6:44) 56. Michael Knop - Milk (Original Mix) [Green Fiction] (6:36) 57. Michael Senna, Peter Zohdy - All In Vain (Blondish Remix) [Two Birds] (8:07) 58. Michael Senna, Peter Zohdy - All In Vain (Original Mix) [Two Birds] (5:22) 59. Michael Senna, Peter Zohdy - DirtyTalk (Digital Only) [Two Birds] (6:20) 60. Mike Rivera - Landscape (Original Mix) [Kore Music] (8:26) 61. Mike Rivera - Sila (Original Mix) [Kore Music] (8:11) 62. Mike Rivera - Solo Dieces (Original Mix) [Kore Music] (7:44) 63. Mike Rivera - TresCuartos (Original Mix) [Kore Music] (7:07) 64. Milty Evans - Goldar Saved Us (Original) [Look At You Records] (7:04) 65. Nik Allen - Geometric Logic (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (6:27) 66. Nik Allen - I Dont Give A (Original Mix) [Soulman Music] (5:47) 67. Nurhee - Dan (Manna-Croup Remix) [Rip N Burn] (7:20) 68. Oscar L - Woman On Fire (DJ Deka & Dave Rose Remix) [TKC Music] (7:15) 69. Oscar L - Woman On Fire (GoldnAnt Remix) [TKC Music] (6:48) 70. Paul Mad - Undes (Alex Piccini remix) [Deep Beep Records] (6:20) 71. Piek, Danny Serano - We Feel House Music (Original Mix) [Brise Records] (6:23) 72. Reflect Grace - Im A Robot Not A Human (Original Mix) [Happy Groove Trax] (4:48) 73. Ruben Zurita - Nothing Is True (Neosoto Remix) [Station Group Records] (6:48) 74. Ruben Zurita - Nothing Is True (Original Mix) [Station Group Records] (7:08) 75. Ruben Zurita - Nothing Is True (Robert Garcia Remix) [Station Group Records] (8:25) 76. Serious Beat - Andromeda Galaxy (Original Mix) [GramolaRec] (9:43) 77. SL Curtiz, Damir Pushkar - Get With Yourself (ACK & Mr Norberto Remix) [NumberOneBeats Records] (6:21) 78. SL Curtiz, Damir Pushkar - Get With Yourself (Edy Valiant Remix) [NumberOneBeats Records] (6:43) 79. The Boy That Could - Yzarc (Original Version) [Swoop Records] (9:59) 80. Tom Sawyer - Nirvana Monkey Man (Marengo Edit) [Atsuo Records] (5:59) 81. Tom Sawyer - Southamerican (Enrico Caschetta Remix) [Atsuo Records] (8:26) 82. Uppercut - Turn The Music To Your Head (Zoltan Kontes 4Hours Dub) [KULT] (7:13) 83. Uppercut - Turn The Music To Your Head (Zoltan Kontes 4Hours Remix) [KULT] (7:13) 84. Vicente Belenguer, Blas Marin, Antonio Jimenez - Black Point (Original Mix) [Tormenta Records] (8:22) 85. Vincent Villani, Kevin G, Chriis Cruz - Planet Underground (Original Takeover Mix) [Dark Vibe Productions] (7:18) 86. Volkoder, Darocha - Get On (Original Mix) [Bedroom Muzik] (6:03) Techno 1. Aiho - Playground (Balthazar & JackRock Remix) [Bosphorus Underground Recordings] (7:06) 2. Alessandro Verdi - Carousel (Original Mix) [SampleTune Records] (6:04) 3. Alessandro Verdi - Salt & Sugar (Original Mix) [SampleTune Records] (6:00) 4. Apostolis Lamda - Hitmans (Original Mix) [Misdeed Records] (6:40) 5. Apostolis Lamda - Serial Code (Original Mix) [Misdeed Records] (5:58) 6. Coherent - Archetypal (Stimpack Strange Mix) [Particles] (6:37) 7. Dani Casarano, Felipe Valenzuela, Yvan Genkins - Earth & Sun (Dance Floor Mix) [Melisma] (7:50) 8. Darkko - Fancy Ride (Original Mix) [Progrezo Records] (6:43) 9. Datasend - Push It Dude (Bastian Knop & Loop My Life Freakmix) [Meleon Music] (6:54) 10. Do Shock Booze - Jah is not dead (DJ AX Fresh Mix) [Totem Traxx] (6:16) 11. Do Shock Booze - Jah is not dead (Gary BeMore Remix) [Totem Traxx] (4:28) 12. Electrorites - Never Back Down (Feyser & Hroft Rmix) [Naughty Pills Records] (7:17) 13. Electrorites - Never Back Down (Original Mix) [Naughty Pills Records] (9:10) 14. Electrorites - Never Back Down (Stiv & Vallo Remix) [Naughty Pills Records] (7:19) 15. Gabeen - Psychoanalysis (Albert Kraner Remix) [Elektrax Recordings] (6:27) 16. Ground Spain - Minuendo (Original Mix) [Hexil Creative Records] (7:25) 17. Ground Spain - Road (Original Mix) [Hexil Creative Records] (7:54) 18. Jewel Kid - Kukz (Original Mix) [Alleanza] (8:37) 19. John Lorvs, James Kentaro - Eleven (Original Mix) [Lorvs Records] (7:11) 20. Justy - Lost Control (Doctor Trash Remix) [Thats Hot Records] (7:53) 21. Justy - Lost Control (Lewis Fautzi Remix) [Thats Hot Records] (5:42) 22. Justy - Lost Control (Morgan Tomas Remix) [Thats Hot Records] (8:16) 23. Justy - Lost Control (Original Mix) [Thats Hot Records] (6:50) 24. Lefo X - Celebrate The End (Vanishs End Of Days Remix) [Velcro City Records] (5:21) 25. Oldiendo - Around The Carousel (Hadji Remix) [Armatura Bonus] (7:06) 26. Oldiendo - Around The Carousel (Original) [Armatura Bonus] (6:17) 27. Oldiendo - Help Me (Bojan Vukmirovic Remix) [Armatura Bonus] (8:10) 28. Oldiendo - Help Me (Original) [Armatura Bonus] (5:11) 29. Pedro Romero - Chromakey (Original Mix) [Equim Recordings] (6:11) 30. Pedro Romero - Lumakey (Original Mix) [Equim Recordings] (7:35) 31. Pierre Deutschmann - Warp08 (Original) [Klender Limited] (6:52) 32. Poy Poy - Thereversepath (Alessandro Spaiani Remix) [Criminal Zone Records] (9:21) 33. Poy Poy - Thereversepath (Original Mix) [Criminal Zone Records] (6:37) 34. Ripperton - For All The Wrong Reasons (Original 12 Mix) [Tamed Musiq] (9:27) 35. Ripperton - For All The Wrong Reasons (Skudge Remix) [Tamed Musiq] (8:26) 36. Tom Freak - Fck (Original Mix) [Picche Records Ltd] (6:26) 37. Tom Freak - Milf (Original Mix) [Picche Records Ltd] (6:28) 38. Vegim - Anoda (Original Mix) [Take More Music Records] (6:35) 39. Vegim - Drop It (Original Mix) [Take More Music Records] (7:20) 40. Vegim - Get On (Original Mix) [Take More Music Records] (7:46) 41. Vegim - Turn Back (Original Mix) [Take More Music Records] (7:50) Ferry Corsten Simon Patterson Sander Van Doorn Paul Van Dyke David Guetta Feed Me DJ Solovey Korn Tommy Lee Limp Bizkit Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike Swedish House Mafia Steve Angello Sebastian Bennett Prodigy Chemical Brothers Crystal Method Tiesto Armin Van Bureen DJ Feel Arty Bobina Chris Brown Daft Punk Kesha Pitbull Fedde Le Grand Judge Jules & Roger Shah Timbaland David Guetta Lady Gaga Ronski Speed Snoop Dogg Kid Cudi Bingo Players Chocolate Puma Britney Spears Axwell Girlicious Laidback Luke Dirty South Rihanna Spencer & Hill The Black Eyed Peas Boys Noize Akon Javi Mula Ludacris Vandalism & Angger Dimas Robert Miles Alicia Keys Bimbo Jones Cher Eric Prydz Inna Linkin Park Paul Van Dyk Sean Kingston Busta Rhymes Rolvario SHM Ian Van Dahl Rio Sidney Samson Wizard Sleeve Riverside Benny Benassi Clockwork Cyberpunkers Kelis Mason Nic Chagall Hy2rogen & Fr3cky Justin Timberlake Avril Lavigne Darude Delirium Edward Maya Empire Of The Sun Jay Sean Madonna Tiesto Xzibit Katy Perry Depeche ModeAlice Deejay Basshunter Gigi D'agostino Temper Trap Modern Talking Marco V Robbie Rivera Mastiksoul Dr. Dre Cascada Gorillaz Real 2 Real DJ Solovey The Pussycat Dolls Shakira Queen Atb Dave Aude Ian Carey Michael Jackson Mariah Carey Syke N Sugarstarr 2Pac Wiz Khalifa Martin Solveig & Dragonette Brooklyn Bounce Eminem Justin Bieber Rebecca Black royksopp Skrillex Elvis Presley wolfgang gartner sean tyas Bloody Beetroots Sean Paul Bob Sinclar R3hab Da Fresh Cosmic Gate Arty Far East Movement EasyTech The Cataracs Dev Chew Fu Lil Jon Taio Cruz Kylie Minogue Apster & Bassjackers Hardwell Jay Z Fast Foot Steve Angello Kanye West & Twista Pendulum Dada Life Deadmau5 Salt n Pepa Uppermost Quintino Avicii Bob Marley Cee Lo Green Duck Sauce Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike Hyper Crush Klaas Leona Lewis Mustard Pimp Mike Candys Jack Holiday Porter Robinson Hard Rock Sofa Swedish House Mafia The Prodigy The White Panda Tim Berg Congorock FTampa Lazy Rich Diplo Cazzette Mohombi Soundprank The Partysquad Clinton Sparks Beyonce Funkerman Shermanology Kelly Rowland Oliver Twizt Nicole Scherzinger 50 Cent Vanilla Ice Faithless Example Kaskade Pleasurekraft Swanky Tunes Snow Patrol Dirtyloud The Game DJ Fresh Dash Berlin Bruno Mars Lil Wayne Drake ATB A&B Armin Only Alesso Soulja Boy SODMG Lil B Based God

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4. Tommy College

Tommy College

TOMMY DID YOU KNOW? Tommy looks out over the river every night from a top floor room in a 5 bed house in a sheltered off suburban living block Dreams of a life, but doesn't everyone, of a life, with a four bed marble five star penthouse far from the river living just like a rock star a forgettable child, from humble beginnings, but its not a sin to be shallow cursed with a lazy shortsighted eye but it's not a shame to be hollow Tommy did you know they've been writing a song about you, it's an age old tale of a boy learnt to play a little guitar, went too far and the boy done sole his soul. Tommy looks out from gold rim glasses, listens to bruce springsteen says if these guy got they a piece o the pie well a boy like me's got nothing to fear so Buys a guitar and as time passes he arrives at a place where they pay free beer and the students cheer when they see time fly to a song they love to hear Gets rid of the specs, to get some respect, but it's not a sin to be shallow Learn how to smile in the mirror a while, it's not a shame to be hollow Tommy did you know they've been writing a song about you, it's an age old tale of a boy who learnt he a little guitar, went too far and the boy done sold his soul Tommy looks out from a slight left parting tinted with a silver streak and with five years gone well the boys moved on he's no more the silent unknown one no Sings of a heart that thought it was broken, but it turned out just to be cold and dead with a cynical head in a fucked up world just trying to be living They say that he lived his life in need, getting sympathy for the dark sad eyes and the long black shirts like a downturned lip kinda meant he was flirting Dead in the eyes with a heart of greed, trying to impress me with a minor chord and a depressed tone like how sexy it is to be lonely Never really loved much more then himself, but it's not a sin to be shallow Never really knew much of anyone else, But it's not a sin Tommy did you know they've been writing a song about you, it's an age old tale bout a boy who learnt to play him a little guitar, went too far and then the boy went and sold his soul. TOMMY COLLEGE Tommy college bought his name in school another fool for the Devil just a useless tool sold out his talent to be viewed as superficially cool, and swapped real talk quick for the ability to rule the mass with tune; see he was blessed with a good view, an enlightened sense of vision and a silver tounge too, and all his funds came easy from a silver spoon see he had every oppurtunity to make a little room but the concept of fame took his focus away and so he spent his days looking in the mirror trying to change Pierce the lip and shave the uni-brow you can learn a little music by the time you get to uni And be out with the crowd maybe form a little unit keep the conversation low to keep a mysterious image Keep your friends at a distance and your band leash, keep the girls always guessing and a spring in your feet Just make out like your arriving but your just about to leave, to be the life of the party got to work out how it breathes From green to brown leaves he'd perfected the image, starts a band with a girl and a black violinist and a drummer with spiked hair and a tattooed Penis, like a misfit crew, he called them Bite the Fuckin Bullet And they played fat shows in the campus holes and all the local pub venues till they were locally known And all the local girls loved it like a star in their home town, local girls fall before a city boy frown But the college boy had a little plan to wear crowns and so he played the girls loose never getting tied down The girls dug tommy like they wanted to help his little sad sack cutesy faced depressedy self but see he had his shifty eye on the kind of sket that little punks like Tommy would endevour to get And so looking round the campus in unclever regret he got to eyein up the girls he'd not been bothered by yet And saw a red haired beauty with a cross round her neck who had a look like she never gave a toss who was checkin her Tommy couldn't help but get to picturing wrecking her little jesus loving ass and so he wrote her letter the kind of cheese that slimy guys like these just breath I'm talkin fake sycophantic cliched thou's and thee's I want your soul in my life, we just have to meet, your a river of love and grace, won't you quench me please bending over backwards trying to make that wench be pleased, but he was benched, she's like boy won't you Unclench me please I'm not the kind of girl who gives it up for any singer yo, if you like it put a diamond on the finger by the centrepole The pussy whipped him, six months he spent to get on, and a man hates to fold on a good investment See Tommy played a good game, you can say what you want but when a girl plays a game see she plays it long He put a ring on the finger and his tounge in one, he was the first one inside her for a while it was fun They were celebrities in college, honeymoon in Hong Kong, and plus the gigs were sold out it seemed like everyone Wanted to be part of their lovely little Uni romance, see she was there with her friends at every gig they had dancing And so her friends bought there friends like they were all entourage, soon every motherfuck on campus wanted to be involved And every student in the class of two thousand and three, bought a copy of Bite the Bullets first CD Tommy knew that he could play but see he knew that the key to his success was the woman that he resented secretly And so he couldn't help but see the silver lining of the light When she had a heart attack watching a gig one night. this is something she lived with for a while, behind the laughing of her eyes and the beautiful smile she'd had a life filled with surgery and physical pain but she just laughed, said "the old tickers clicking again" She had a hole in her heart, nobody was to blame, but old Tommy saw the chance to up the level again Started trying to raise funds at the gigs he played, saying please help my lover get research to be saved Time passed and she just got worse, but old Tommy gave the girl a space in every verse And by the time she was wheeled in a chair to her class Tommy College had a space on his righteous arse On the daytime news basking in the false glory of a fake dude rising off've someone else's story and cause we love to watch while the world gets fucked well as Melody fell Tommy College raised up. Until the days she was too weak to even stand up, when old tommy got the crowd to put a lighter hand up and he'd say This is a song for my lover if you know a better nother then you better put it on I'm just a lonely type a brother with a heart broke lover and a sad sad song I'm gonna go to the river put my hands in the water and a pray to the one I got a hand full of charity a the neck of my string held up in the other one three years and the time flew by, the sad story made him household and nationwide Tommy and his melody, saving a life with a song and shit just seemed so right like it would never go wrong He played gigs for live Aid and for BBC 1, and for a while they were the couple that every teenager wanted but they knew this long story would become a short sonnet cause this bloody sunday had a black cherry sat right upon it SICK LOVE I love your cancer chic junkie sunk eyes, the blue vein ripple at the top of your thighs I can't believe, the wheeze as you breath and the grey of your skin is a porcelain prize I love the thin fringe limp on your head, the stone blue cold lonely eyes of the dead Down the phone, I hear the crackle of your lung and I know I'll be sleeping in a hospital bed tonight She wont be here much longer, you better get to know her now It's palliative, how much I care The pressures high, I can see from the green line. But It's M E on you, till your lips turn blue Emphycemiea Pneumoniea and Pluracy too; I should leave but I'm breathless under you A Flutter and a murmer and a hole in the heart, she's Bi-Polar and it's tearing me apart. Fey Grace laces every tread, your hazy eyes lazy lithium red in such beautiful dressing with your mood supressed I've got a stitched heart and your pulling the thread Peach skin, pristine bruised, Red green yellow purple and blue It's internal, I don't know what to do, I'm just a side effect of the placebo in you. MURDERERS back from the edge of madness, back from the edge of the world my love I am enveloped in encompassing sadness, reminded by the beautiful girls of our love from cally road up to the valens, the hooplah haunts and happens of our love at least we'll always have camden, the grays inn road and the worlds end pub oh Your past life, i think I knew you, we were someone else and we lived in regret as lovers, do you recall we were murderers Black is the edge of darkness, deep as the end of the sea my love Chomping at the bit of my harness, frustrated by the weight of the world as our love comes Crashing in a scene of violence, that old east london shoreditch pub falls deaf as the edge of silence, sated by the beautiful world of our love Don't take for granted my heart, thats what she said to me And went and wasted her words on a younger me At the astoria I will relive my tragedy wonder lonely from the angel up to silver street Dance away my pain at the old triple three Sleep in victoria and wake me up in hackey then use a day old pass to jump the 19 bus to finsbury park and to the memory Where I am still a boy, and only seventeen, where the stars are still that bright and the grass is still that green where the traffic in the air is our special kind of silence and the harmony of you would cast a voodoo over me and the nights would pass us by, and the weeks would die, till the ground was covered wet with all the morning light and the clocks just seem to lie and let the whole world pass us by and the canopy of concrete is a canvass for a street light bastard your last breath I will steal from you so to I'll steal your death and meet you where we wait forever until we'll be together again your regrets, I will take from you so there aint none left and I'll live in regret forever, as if I never said your name Your past life, i think I knew you, we were someone else and we lived in regret as lovers, do you recall we were murderers my curse in life is to see through you in a future tense, and know that as we lay as lovers, you will become my killer Back from the dead with purpose, back from the land of the lame with my soul all tourniqueted up to my sternum pretending to be one and the same with my soul from camberwell back up to morden, wondering the streets of south with my soul all black and apathetic with boredom, done with all the streets are drowning my soul TOMMY's REMORSE I’m so free, so free, don’t you wanna follow me oh my life, ever since you died I’ve been so Fuckin free, hollowed out the eyes and made a Home in the branches of a old and broken oak tree I'm so wild, don't you wanna colour my life oh my stars - never thought it be this hard I'm so fuckin dead, ripples in my head like the leaves on the branches of this old and broken oak tree of my home Your precious to me, so precious to me Salt and pepper, husband and wife Won’t you endevour through the stormy weather with me I want to keep you for the rest of your life I want you teathered to me, want you indebted to me Laying in bed for my love to arrive Come to heaven with me, I want to tear out your eyes And you’ll always need me to guide you home I never meant to kill you, I only meant to make you sick so you’d be like “feed me” and I’m like “be with me” This is my curse I killed her first and now kills my lover Please Hear my words of good advice, sisters, good friends and brothers Don’t slip inside you’ll die a little death like all the others Your lips collide with mine to steal our breath beneath the covers Don’t let our hearts connect through pressed flesh of heaving chest Those hearts that tangle us in passion with each sweaty breath It wouldn’t do us any good to take what we both crave Cause the scratching of my floorboards is the turning of a grave I think the ghost is up again, knocking on the window who's that out there? someone who cares? I think the ghost is up again, scraping up the stairs outside come inside to me, I'm everything you need I need everything, and you're everything to me; You're everything I need, come stand beside me I need everything, and you're everything to me, everything I need. The air that I breathe. And theres a bloodstain on the floor, that says you got what you came here for; I should have never been your whore, cause it's all that you wanted I’m so free, but she’s always gonna follow me, All my life, I only wanted her to treat me right We we’re so fuckin high but I’m not surprised t| hat I remember The way she changed from that early may till late December I just want to protect you Alice, I just want to make you smile Please Let me infect you Alice, I want to keep you for the rest of your life I want you teathered to me, want you indebted to me Salt and Pepper, Husband and wife Come to heaven with me, I want to tear out your eyes And you’ll always need me to guide you home

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5. Deuteronomy 17-20 (Laws For Rulers, Provision for Priests and Levites, & Criminal and Warfare Law)

Deuteronomy 17-20 (Laws For Rulers, Provision for Priests and Levites, & Criminal and Warfare Law)

Deuteronomy 17 - Laws Pertaining to the Rulers of Israel A. Laws regarding justice and courts. 1. (1-5) Religious offenses. You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God a bull or sheep which has any blemish or defect, for that is an abomination to the LORD your God. If there is found among you, within any of your gates which the LORD your God gives you, a man or a woman who has been wicked in the sight of the LORD your God, in transgressing His covenant, who has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, either the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded, and it is told you, and you hear of it, then you shall inquire diligently. And if it is indeed true and certain that such an abomination has been committed in Israel, then you shall bring out to your gates that man or woman who has committed that wicked thing, and shall stone to death that man or woman with stones. a. You shall not: This section, much like Exodus 21-23, is meant to give instructions to the judges of Israel in how to administrate justice for the nation. It is case law, upon which legal precedents for future cases may be understood. b. Which has any blemish or defect, for that is an abomination to the LORD your God: God commanded that no one can bring to Him a sacrifice which has any blemish or defect, for that is an abomination to the LORD. God did not recognize the giving of cast-off, worthless items, as a true sacrifice unto Him. We have a tendency to always want to give God second best - if not third or fourth best. But God will not receive such a sacrifice. i. There are countless jokes illustrating this point. One common on describes a farmer whose cow gave birth to twins, and he swore he would give one of the calves to God. He didn’t decide which one to give to God, until one day one of the calves died. He said to his wife: “Guess what? God’s calf died today!” ii. Israel did not always live up to this standard: And when you offer the blind as a sacrifice, is it not evil? And when you offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? Offer it then to your governor! Would he be pleased with you? Would he accept you favorably?” Says the LORD of hosts. (Malachi 1:8) iii. David powerfully illustrated the idea behind this commandment went he refused to accept the threshing floor of Araunah as a gift, which David was going to give to the LORD as the place to build the temple. David said, nor will I offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God with that which costs me nothing (2 Samuel 24:24). David understood that if it didn’t cost something, it wasn’t a sacrifice. c. Who has gone and served other gods and worshiped them: Judges are also commanded to make sure that any who have gone after idolatry are to be investigated, and if found to be guilty, are to be executed. 2. (6-7) The standard of evidence in capital crimes. Whoever is deserving of death shall be put to death on the testimony of two or three witnesses; he shall not be put to death on the testimony of one witness. The hands of the witnesses shall be the first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So you shall put away the evil from among you. a. Whoever is deserving of death shall be put to death on the testimony of two or three witnesses: There was never to be capital punishment unless there was evidence from at least two independent, unimpeachable sources. i. We may comfort ourselves that we would never judge someone guilty of murder so quickly, without proper evidence. Yet many will murder someone’s reputation in their own mind or in the minds of others with no witnesses, much less one. ii. God is concerned about the murder of reputation, as well as physical murder, and commands that one should not receive an accusation against an elder except from two or three witnesses (1 Timothy 5:19) - the same standard as for proving murder. iii. Remember 1 Timothy 5:19 does not say “except from two or three gossips”; it says except from two or three witnesses. If a matter is false, it does not become true because many people hear it or many people repeat it. b. The hands of the witnesses shall be the first against him to put him to death: Additionally, the witnesses had to be so certain of what they saw, that they were willing to initiate the actual execution. This made certain that no one would be executed for a crime they did not commit. i. This puts the words of Jesus regarding the woman taken in adultery in John 8 in perspective: He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first (John 8:7). Jesus asked for the official witness to step forward and identify themselves on record as having witnessed this act of adultery, yet was hypocritical enough to bring the woman and not the man. c. And afterward the hands of all the people: The execution was a community event, in the sense that it was supported by the community. The whole village would know the justice of what was being done. 3. (8-13) Provision made for higher courts. If a matter arises which is too hard for you to judge, between degrees of guilt for bloodshed, between one judgment or another, or between one punishment or another, matters of controversy within your gates, then you shall arise and go up to the place which the LORD your God chooses. And you shall come to the priests, the Levites, and to the judge there in those days, and inquire of them; they shall pronounce upon you the sentence of judgment. You shall do according to the sentence which they pronounce upon you in that place which the LORD chooses. And you shall be careful to do according to all that they order you. According to the sentence of the law in which they instruct you, according to the judgment which they tell you, you shall do; you shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left from the sentence which they pronounce upon you. Now the man who acts presumptuously and will not heed the priest who stands to minister there before the LORD your God, or the judge, that man shall die. So you shall put away the evil from Israel. And all the people shall hear and fear, and no longer act presumptuously. a. If a matter arises which is too hard for you to judge: God allowed for courts of appeal in Israel. These were higher courts where cases were taken beyond the local judges to the priests, the Levites - who were understood to be wiser judges because of their knowledge of God’s Word b. Now the man who acts presumptuously and will not heed the priest . . . that man shall die: The authority of the judges had to be respected, therefore contempt of court was a capital crime. God thought it essential that the courts and the judges be respected by the people of Israel. B. Laws pertaining to kings. 1. (14-15) God’s indirect promise of a future king for Israel. When you come to the land which the LORD your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, “I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me,” you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. a. I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me: God looked forward - some 400 years forward - into Israel’s future, to the time when they would demand a king. God warned them to set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses, and that person had to be an Israelite and not a foreigner. b. I will set a king over me: It is interesting to consider whether or not God wanted an earthly king over Israel. 1 Samuel 8:6-9, the record of Israel’s demand for king, puts the request for a king in a negative light. One might ask if God really did want Israel to never have an earthly king, and if He wanted them to recognize Him alone as king. i. It is a debatable issue; but consider that Israel’s history without a king (the time of the book of Judges) was not a period of national glory. Perhaps we can say that God wanted Israel to have a king, but of His choosing, and at His timing. Saul is a perfect example of a king out of God’s will, chosen by the nation and at their timing; David is a perfect example of a king chosen by God and in His timing. 2. (16-17) Commands for the king. But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the LORD has said to you, “You shall not return that way again.” Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself. a. He shall not multiply horses for himself: The future king of Israel must not put undue trust in military might. b. Neither shall he multiply wives for himself: The future king of Israel must not put undue emphasis on physical indulgence and personal status. c. Nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself: The future king of Israel must not put undue emphasis on personal wealth. d. Lest His heart turn away: Each of these issues is a matter of balance. The king had to have some military power, but not too much; one wife and certain comforts, but not too much; some personal wealth, but not too much. Such balances are often the hardest to keep. i. Solomon was a notorious breaker of these commands. He had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots (1 Kings 4:26), and Solomon had horses imported from Egypt (1 Kings 10:28). He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart (1 Kings 11:3). He surpassed all the kings of the earth in riches (1 Kings 10:23). ii. Yet, all along, we might see Solomon knowing the commands of Deuteronomy 17, yet deceiving himself by asking the self-justifying questions, “How much is ‘multiply’? I can handle this. I haven’t gone too far.” It might seem self-evident that 700 wives and 300 concubines is multiplying wives to yourself, but one should never underestimate the ability of the human heart to deceive itself in such situations. iii. Each of these three areas reflects the places where many modern Christian leaders fall: In regard to power, pleasure, or money. God’s commands for leaders have not changed; and neither has the need to be on guard against the self-deception in these things which felled Solomon. 3. (18-20) The king and the word of God. Also it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book, from the one before the priests, the Levites. And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law and these statutes, that his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, that he may not turn aside from the commandment to the right hand or to the left, and that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children in the midst of Israel. a. He shall write for himself: It is striking to think of the king of Israel, laboring over parchment with a pen, making a personal copy of the law of Israel. This shows how greatly God wanted the word of God to be on the hearts of His rulers; God wanted every king to also be a scribe. i. “Incidentally, the phrase a copy of this law (18) appears incorrectly in the LXX as ‘this second law’, to deuteronomion touto. It was this misunderstanding that gave rise to the English name Deuteronomy.” (Thompson) b. It shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life: The word of God was to be constant companion of the king of Israel, and something he read every day. i. All need the word of God; but the greater our responsibilities, the greater our need to depend on the truth of God’s word. c. That he may learn to fear the LORD his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law: Staying in the word of God was intended to build a reverence for God and a holy life in the king. i. It is striking to consider that reading a book – the Great Book, the Bible – can keep a person from sin. We may not understand all the spiritual work behind the word of God, but staying in the word will keep one from sin. It has been well written in many Bibles: “This book will keep you from sin. Sin will keep you from this book.” ii. Luther said he would rather live in hell with the Bible than to live in Paradise without the Bible. d. That his heart may not be lifted up: Staying in the word of God would keep the king properly humble, and help him to not think of himself as above those he ruled over. i. “The Scriptures, diligently read and studied, are a powerful and probable means to keep him humble, because they show him that, though a king, he is subject to a higher Monarch, to whom he must give an account . . . sufficient to abate the pride of the haughtiest person in the world, if he duly consider it.” (Poole) Deuteronomy 18 - Priests and Prophets A. The provision for priests and Levites. 1. (1-2) The inheritance of the Levites. The priests, the Levites; all the tribe of Levi; shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel; they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and His portion. Therefore they shall have no inheritance among their brethren; the LORD is their inheritance, as He said to them. a. The priests, the Levites; all the tribe of Levi; shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: The Levites - those of the tribe of Levi, who were the paid ministers for the nation of Israel - shall have no inheritance among their brethren. In other words, they were not to have allotted portions of land for their own possession. b. They shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and His portion: Instead, the Levites were to be supported by the gifts and offerings of God’s people. The Levites were permitted to receive at least of portion of most animals sacrificed to the LORD, and thus were provided with meat for food. 2. (3-5) The specific portions of the sacrificial animal set apart to the Levites. And this shall be the priest’s due from the people, from those who offer a sacrifice, whether it is bull or sheep: they shall give to the priest the shoulder, the cheeks, and the stomach. The firstfruits of your grain and your new wine and your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him. For the LORD your God has chosen him out of all your tribes to stand to minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons forever. a. And this shall be the priest’s due from the people, from those who offer a sacrifice: From a typical sacrifice, the priests received the shoulder, the cheeks, and the stomach. The rest of the animal would either be burnt before the LORD, or returned to the one bringing the sacrifice so he could enjoy his own fellowship meal with the LORD. b. Your grain and your new wine and your oil and the first of the fleece of your sheep: The priests also received these offerings of firstfruits from the people. 3. (6-8) All the Levites had equal rights to the offerings. So if a Levite comes from any of your gates, from where he dwells among all Israel, and comes with all the desire of his mind to the place which the LORD chooses, then he may serve in the name of the LORD his God as all his brethren the Levites do, who stand there before the LORD. They shall have equal portions to eat, besides what comes from the sale of his inheritance. B. Prescriptions for prophets. 1. (9-11) The command to reject all the occultic practices of the Canaanites. When you come into the land which the LORD your God is giving you, you shall not learn to follow the abominations of those nations. There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, or one who practices witchcraft, or a soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer, or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead. a. You shall not learn: God knows that many people have a natural curiosity regarding the occult, and that curiosity often leads them to gain knowledge God commands them to leave alone. b. Anyone who makes his son or his daughter to pass through the fire: This refers to the debased worship of the Canaanite god Molech, to whom children were sacrificed by burning. c. Or one who practices witchcraft: The word witchcraft here seems to be a broad word, describing a variety of occultic activities. Basically, anything that makes contact with the demonic or dark spiritual world. i. Thompson on practices witchcraft: “A variety of devices were in use in various lands but all were designed to discern the will of the gods. The same word in Ezekiel 21:21 refers to the practice of whirling arrows in a quiver and deciding the answer to the question by the first arrow thrown out.” ii. There is a modern revival of witchcraft, or Wicca, and many people claim that “white” witchcraft (as opposed to “black” witchcraft) is a use of spiritual powers for good, as well as being a more feminist, ecology-friendly understanding of god and spirituality. But whether a witch claims to be “white” or “black,” they are still using occultic powers. iii. Some claim that white, or “right hand path” witches are in the majority today. They worship elements and nature deities, the “Mother Goddess,” Gaia, Ashtarte, Isis, Osiris, and a host of other names for the Goddess. Characteristically they are active in “Saving the earth” activities, due to the fact that they are pantheists (those who believe the divine life force is in everything: ever see the bumper sticker picturing a globe bearing the legend “Love Your Mother”?). They deny the existence of Satan, calling him an invention of the Christian Church. They claim to use their powers (and they do have powers) for good: sending healing energies to the sick, affirmations which bring prosperity, and loudly proclaiming their creed, “As it harm none, do as thou wilt.” It’s ironic how their creed sounds so similar to that of a man who referred to himself as “The Beast, 666” - Satanist Aleister Crowley, who wrote, “Do as thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.” iv. Of course, there are black, or “left hand path,” witches. These are witches who originally were into white witchcraft, and got hungry for more power. As their teachers noticed this power lust, they were taken aside and told, “You are now ready to go after the higher power, and there is only one way to achieve this power. Satan is its source.” Thus comes the white witch’s abrupt surprise: either give up your witchly ambitions, or go for the higher power. The bottom line is that the power behind all kinds of witchcraft is Satan. He is the author of all deception, and all rebellion. To practice or approve of witchcraft is to serve Satan. v. And this Satanic power kills. Ronald Baker was a 21 year old student at UCLA, and was found stabbed to death at the mouth of a railroad tunnel in the rocky hills above Chatsworth Park. Police first thought the mangled body was of a transient hit by a train; but they then found an occult connection in Baker’s death. The killing took place on the night of the summer solstice, and the tunnel near the park is known to police as a gathering place for devotees of the occult. Baker was involved with Wicca (described as “benevolent witchcraft”), often wore a pentagram pendant, and belonged to a UCLA metaphysical group known as Mystic Circle (from a July 1990 news article). vi. Some who call themselves Christians are buying into this deception. Take the case of a woman who calls herself Starhawk, who is a practitioner of Wicca - a witch. She first learned about Wicca at an anthropology course at UCLA when she was 17, and she took the name Starhawk in 1975 when it came to her in a dream. After a master’s degree in psychology, she began teaching at universities. She is a licensed minister of the Covenant of the Goddess and performs marriages and other ceremonies. She views the earth as a sensitive, living organism which she calls “the Goddess.” Mary Elizabeth Moore of the Claremont School of Theology said of Starhawk: “Many Christians, especially women and others who are trying to reclaim creation-centered theology, find her work to be compatible with, or at least adaptable to, Christian teaching.” Starhawk was scheduled to speak at the First Christian Church in Santa Monica on a Friday evening (from a June, 1993 news article). d. Or a soothsayer: This has reference to astrological-type divination, predicting the future or seeking guidance through the stars, planets, clouds, or weather. i. Kalland says that the soothsayer: “Is . . . predicting the future by means of physical signs (astrology).” Thompson points out “it seems to refer to divination by reading clouds, or from a root which occurs in Arabic meaning ‘to make unusual noises’, ‘croon’, ‘hum’, in which case it may refer to some kind of incantation.” ii. Even though Astrology is unscientific - it is based on the supposition that the sun circles the earth, and the positions of the planets and stars have shifted, and are never consistently uniform; therefore, the houses of the Zodiac have shifted - despite all that, thirty-two million Americans believe in Astrology! There are 10,000 full time and 200,000 part time astrologers in America. Three out of four American newspapers carry a horoscope column. iii. So where does the real “power” of astrology come from? From what most astrologers call “intuition” - but is really psychic knowledge and ability. Astrology is idolatry, and stems from the demonic. It leads people away from trusting in God, and encourages them to put trust in what God created. And isn’t that Satan’s goal: To replace confidence in God with a dependence on anything else? iv. Therefore, the Bible clearly forbids us to participate in astrology, which includes reading your horoscope, studying your sign, and computing a natal chart. It is an occult art, meaning that it involves “knowledge of hidden things”, seeking spiritual knowledge apart from God’s revelation. It is a foundational art, which means it is the building block for all occultists. It is studied by witches and magicians alike. Every Christian should renounce any involvement they have ever had with astrology! e. Or one who interprets omens: The word comes from the root “to hiss” or “to whisper” and refers to psychics and fortune-tellers who use “aids” other than naturally created things to gain knowledge, tell the future, and cast spells. i. Today, these people are the tarot card readers, crystal ball seers, tea-leaf readers, palm readers, Ouija board users, and the like. A Christian has no business participating or approving of any of these practices, because either they are money-grubbing frauds (at best!), or worse, they gain their knowledge from satanic, demonic, spiritual sources. ii. This is why it is dangerous for people - especially kids - to break out the Ouija board, or do a little seance, or little “dark” magic tricks. They are tapping into a source of spiritual power that is real - yet evil, and unspeakably dangerous. Many, many people have been ruined on the rocks of “innocent” occultic or fortune telling games, and the fact that there is a real power behind those things should make us all the more concerned. iii. There is a demand for this kind of thing; why else would a homeless man in New York be arrested for stealing skulls from a Brooklyn cemetery and selling them for use in occult ceremonies? A skull can bring as much as $4,000 (from an August, 1991 news article). iv. It is worth noting that Satan or his demons cannot absolutely know the future; but they can reasonably predict the future based on their superior knowledge of people and circumstances, or predict events that they can have a hand in shaping through their own demonic influence. f. Or a sorcerer: This has reference to those who use drugs or potions to cast spells, gain spiritual knowledge, or enter into altered states of consciousness. Modern drug abuse easily falls into this category, and the use of drugs has a definite occult connection that the drug taker may not want, but is exposed to nonetheless. i. Clarke says of sorcerer: “Those who by means of drugs, herbs, perfumes, and so forth, pretended to bring certain celestial influences to their aid.” Thompson adds, “derived from the root . . . ‘to cut up’, may denote one who cuts up herbs and brews them for magical purposes (cf. LXX pharmaka, drug). The term is used in Micah 5:12 for some such material as drugs or herbs used superstitiously to produce magical effects.” g. Or one who conjures up spells: This is literally, “A charmer of charms” and refers to those who cast spells or charms for good or evil upon others with spiritual powers apart from God. i. It is a glorious thing to bless another in the name of the LORD; or even to pray to God against the evil of another person. But it is always and forever wrong to use demonic, dark, pagan, or occultic powers to cast spells or charms. h. Or a medium: The idea is of someone who “stands between” the physical world and the psychic world; they channel knowledge from the psychic world into the physical world. i. Thompson notes that the medium: “Spoke from within a person (Leviticus 20:27) with a twittering voice (Isaiah 29:4). Those who practiced this art called up the departed from the realm of the dead, or rather, professed to do so.” ii. Those who practice such powers are really among us. In May of 1990, after a man died in the City of Industry, his corpse remained at the home of a spirit medium that had convinced his family that he could revive them man. Friday, LA County coroner’s investigators picked up the decomposing body at the home of the family. The unidentified medium apparently gave the corpse back after being unable to revive the deceased. i. Or a spiritist: Literally, this word refers to the “knowing ones” - those who claim unique occultic or psychic knowledge and powers - such as those on the many psychic hotlines that one can pay to call. Again, a Christian has no business participating or approving of any of these practices, because either they are money-grubbing frauds (at best!), or worse, they gain their knowledge from satanic, demonic, spiritual sources. j. Or one who calls up the dead: This refers to the practice of necromancy, which is the conjuring up or the contacting of the dead. i. This refers to “One who investigates, looks into, and seeks information from the dead.” (Kalland) This is much on the increase in our culture; “The proportion of adults who say they have been in touch with the dead has risen from 27% to 42% during the past 11 years. Close to 20 million Americans now report mystical experiences.” (McDowell, 1989) 2. (12-14) Why rejection of all these occultic actions is commanded. For all who do these things are an abomination to the LORD, and because of these abominations the LORD your God drives them out from before you. You shall be blameless before the LORD your God. For these nations which you will dispossess listened to soothsayers and diviners; but as for you, the LORD your God has not appointed such for you. a. For all who do these things are an abomination to the LORD: God did not take these occultic actions lightly then, nor does He now. It is consorting with the power of darkness, and always to be rejected by Christians. i. Our culture is becoming more and more accepting of these occultic themes and practices, while it is becoming more and more intolerant of Biblical Christianity. In 1991, a ninth grade Junior High Student in Dickson, Tennessee, sued the school board because his teacher wouldn’t accept a research paper written on the life of Jesus. Students were allowed to write on topics such as the occult, reincarnation and spiritualism, and the teacher originally only said that the topics must be “decent.” The student was given a zero on her paper when the topic was declared unacceptable (from an August, 1991 news report). ii. “It may be pertinent to comment that in our own day, when spiritualism, astrology, teacup reading and the like are widely practiced, these injunctions given to ancient Israel have a particular relevance. Not only is it impossible to discover the future by such practices, but the practices themselves are forbidden by God to men who call themselves members of the covenant family.” (Thompson) b. Because of these abominations the LORD your God drives them out from before you: God’s judgment was upon the Canaanites because of these occultic practices, and if Israel took up the same occultic practices, they could expect the judgment of God to also. i. Yes, the Canaanites were sex-worshippers (in their service of the goddess Ashtaroth); and yes, they were money and success worshippers (in their service of the god Baal). But other peoples given over to sex and greed haven’t been judged as severely. What made the Canaanites particularly ripe for judgment was their occultic practices, practices the people of God were strictly forbidden to imitate. c. You shall be blameless: more than being a general call to a holy walk, this is a solemn warning to keep from any involvement with these detestable practices of the occult. The LORD your God has not appointed such for you! i. We are to be blameless in regard to such things, even as the Ephesian Christians, who destroyed all things that marked the occult in their lives (Acts 19:19-20). This is why it is dangerous for people to seek or approve of the occult, even if they don’t really believe it - even if they just kind of think it is “cool.” ii. For example, rock singer Ozzy Osbourne says that his satanic image is all an act. “We wrote a couple of songs about black magic, so what? I hammed it up, but I’m not the devil. I don’t put curses on people.” But in the same interview, Osbourne refers to “the him,” who is a “malevolent voice in his head that transmits destructive and self-loathing messages.” Osbourne said of this voice inside him, “He’s there all the time . . . I’ve always had a haunted head.” “Innocent” involvement with the occult didn’t protect him. Satan doesn’t really care if you are a true believer in him or not; just as long as he has you. 3. (15-19) The promise of a true Prophet to come. The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear, according to all you desired of the LORD your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, “Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die.” And the LORD said to me: “What they have spoken is good. I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.” a. The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me: Moses, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, promised a prophet to come; a prophet that would first be like me - that is, like Moses. b. From your midst, from your brethren: Like Moses, this Prophet would be from the midst of Israel. This not only meant that He would be an Israelite, but that He would be a “man of the people” - He would be one of them. c. Him you shall hear: Like Moses, this Prophet would command the attention of the nation. This means both that Israel should listen to this Prophet, and that they would listen to this Prophet. d. According to all you desired of the LORD you God in Horeb: Like Moses, this Prophet would be a mediator, representing God to the people, and representing the people before God. e. Will put My words in His mouth: Like Moses, this Prophet would speak God’s Word. f. I will require it of him: Like Moses, this Prophet’s message would only be rejected at a great penalty. g. I will raise up for them a Prophet: People looked for this Prophet in Jesus’ day (John 6:14, 7:40) and some thought that John the Baptist might be this Prophet (John 1:19-21). But the New Testament plainly tells us that Jesus is this Prophet (Acts 3:19-26, Acts 7:37). 4. (20-22) The penalty for a false prophet. “But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.” And if you say in your heart, “How shall we know the word which the LORD has not spoken?”; when a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing does not happen or come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him. a. But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My name: There are those who would presume to speak a word in God’s name. Therefore we must always, always, guard against presumption when we say, “The LORD told me.” i. “The difference was that, whereas the true prophet spoke for God, the false prophet spoke presumptuously, i.e. he blurted out personal opinions for which there was no backing from Yahweh.” (Thompson) b. Which I have not commanded him to speak: Some may genuinely hear from the LORD, but it is not a word that He has commanded him to speak. Just because God tells us something doesn’t mean we should tell others. c. Or speaks in the name of other gods: Obviously, those who presumed to “prophecy” in the name of Baal or Ashtoreth, or any number of the other false gods of the Canaanites were false prophets. d. That prophet shall die: Simply stated, the penalty for false prophets was death. Presumptuous speaking in the name of the LORD, disobedient speaking in the name of the LORD, and speaking in the name of false gods was simply never to be tolerated in Israel. e. How shall we know: It is easy to tell if a prophet speaks in the name of Baal or Ashtoreth; but how can one know if a prophet speaking in the name of the LORD is speaking presumptuously or disobediently? Simply by their accuracy. f. If the thing does not happen or come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken: If a prophet says, “Thus says the LORD,” claiming that something will happen, and it does not happen, then that prophet must be held accountable for that false prophecy - and we are no longer to regard that person as a prophet. i. Not too long ago there was a great emphasis on the “prophets” in some Christian circles, and many would prophesy that something would happen - and it did not. However, those people excused their false prophesies by saying they were “learning” and “experimenting” and “under grace,” therefore, we should not regard them as false prophets. ii. While it is true that one may need to learn how to flow in the gifts of the Holy Spirit, no one should say something is from God unless they are assured that it is - and if they are wrong, then their own discernment and ability to hear from God are rightly called into question. iii. Besides, if prophets were held to this standard under the Old Covenant, are we to have a lesser standard under the New Covenant? Is there more of an outpouring of the Holy Spirit now, or less? Under the New Covenant, are we more intimately guided by God, or less? It is true we are under grace, so we no longer stone false prophets - yet, we shouldn’t respect them or give them the title or position of “prophet” if they are false prophets. iv. Instead, the New Testament says all prophecy - any time someone says, “The LORD told me” - all prophecy should be judged: Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others judge (1 Corinthians 14:29; see also 1 John 4:1). It is far better to be humble and say, “I think the LORD may have said to me” instead of being too confident in one’s ability to hear from the LORD. v. Tom Stipe, in the foreword to Counterfeit Revival, speaks powerfully about the problem of false prophets in the church: After only a couple of years, the prophets seemed to be speaking to just about everyone on just about everything. Hundreds of . . . members received the ‘gift’ of prophecy and began plying their trade among both leaders and parishioners. People began carrying around little notebooks filled with predictions that had been delivered to them by the prophets and seers. They flocked to the prophecy conferences that had begun to spring up everywhere. The notebook crowd would rush forward in hopes of being selected to receive more prophecies to add to their prophetic diaries. Not long after ‘prophecy du jour’ became the primary source of direction, a trail of devastated believers began to line up outside our pastoral counseling offices. Young people promised teen success and stardom through prophecy were left picking up the pieces of their shattered hopes because God had apparently gone back on His promises. Leaders were deluged by angry church members who had received prophecies about the great ministries they would have but had been frustrated by local church leaders who failed to recognize and ‘facilitate’ their ‘new anointing.’ After a steady diet of the prophetic, some people were rapidly becoming biblically illiterate, choosing a ‘dial-a-prophet’ style of Christian living rather than studying God’s Word. Many were left to continually live from one prophetic ‘fix’ to the next, their hope always in danger of failing because God’s voice was so specific in pronouncement, yet so elusive in fulfillment. Possessing a prophet’s phone number was like having a storehouse of treasured guidance. Little clutched notebooks replaced Bibles as the preferred reading material during church services. vi. We must always guard against letting an emphasis on the “prophetic” overshadow a simple emphasis on God’s Word: The prophet who has a dream, let him tell a dream; And he who has My word, let him speak My word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat?” says the LORD. (Jeremiah 23:28) Deuteronomy 19 - Concerning Criminal Law A. Cities of refuge to be provided. 1. (1-3) Three special cities. When the LORD your God has cut off the nations whose land the LORD your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses, you shall separate three cities for yourself in the midst of your land which the LORD your God is giving you to possess. You shall prepare roads for yourself, and divide into three parts the territory of your land which the LORD your God is giving you to inherit, that any manslayer may flee there. a. You shall separate three cities for yourself in the midst of the land: God instructed Israel to make three cities of refuge in the Promised Land, and instructed them to make them “centrally located” (in the midst of the land). i. There are two other important passages dealing with the cities of refuge: Numbers 35:9-28 and Joshua 20:7-8; a full understanding of the purpose and practice of the cities of refuge must be based on all of these passages. ii. Moses had already established Bezer, Ramoth, and Golan as the cities of refuge on the east side of the Jordan River (Deuteronomy 4:41-43); this command is to establish three more cities of refuge on the west side of the Jordan. b. Prepare roads for yourself: The people of Israel were to make good roads to each city of refuge, so the cities would be accessible. i. “The Jews inform us that the roads to the cities of refuge were made very broad, thirty-two cubits; and even, so that there should be no impediments in the way; and were constantly kept in good repair.” (Clarke) 2. (4-7) The purpose for the cities of refuge. And this is the case of the manslayer who flees there, that he may live: Whoever kills his neighbor unintentionally, not having hated him in time past; as when a man goes to the woods with his neighbor to cut timber, and his hand swings a stroke with the ax to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle and strikes his neighbor so that he dies; he shall flee to one of these cities and live; lest the avenger of blood, while his anger is hot, pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and kill him, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated the victim in time past. Therefore I command you, saying, “You shall separate three cities for yourself.” a. The case of the manslayer who flees there, that he may live: The cities of refuge were for the protection of the person who killed another accidentally or in self-defense. In ancient Israel, when one was killed, it was the responsibility of the avenger of blood to make certain the murder was punished. i. This practice was based upon a correct understanding of Genesis 9:6: Whoever shed’s man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God, God made man. b. Lest the avenger of blood: The avenger of blood was an appointed member of the family (the goel), designated to protect the honor and lives of the family. His interest would not be in gathering evidence, but it avenging the honor of the family - so, in the case of an accidental killing, the manslayer would need protection from the avenger of blood. i. The case study given illustrates the point: Two men are working together, chopping down trees, when one man takes a swing of an ax and the ax head flies off, striking the other man in the head and instantly killing him. The surviving man had good reason to believe the avenger of blood from the dead man’s family would track him down and kill him, believing the death was murder. ii. Therefore, such a man could flee to a city of refuge - an appointed Levitical city, where he could stay, safe from the avenger of blood, until the issue was settled and he could leave the city of refuge safely. 3. (8-10) Appointment of additional cities of refuge. Now if the LORD your God enlarges your territory, as He swore to your fathers, and gives you the land which He promised to give to your fathers, and if you keep all these commandments and do them, which I command you today, to love the LORD your God and to walk always in His ways, then you shall add three more cities for yourself besides these three, lest innocent blood be shed in the midst of your land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, and thus guilt of bloodshed be upon you. a. Now if the LORD your God enlarges your territory: As Israel expanded, there were to be more cities of refuge. If a city of refuge was too far to be readily reached by the manslayer, it did him no good - the avenger of blood would overtake him before he could reach the city of refuge. b. Then you shall add three more cities for yourself: Ultimately, there were to be six cities of refuge; with three on each side of the Jordan River. Each of the three cities on either side would be positioned as north, central, and south. i. Joshua 20:7-8 tells of the actual cities chosen; they fulfilled the plan of being evenly distributed perfectly. 4. (11-13) What to do with the guilty who seeks protection in the city of refuge: your eye shall not pity him. But if anyone hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises against him and strikes him mortally, so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities, then the elders of his city shall send and bring him from there, and deliver him over to the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you. a. But if anyone hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises against him and strikes him mortally: We can easily imagine that those truly guilty of murder would, at some time or another, seek protection in the city of refuge. So, whenever a manslayer came to seek protection at a city of refuge, the elders of the city were to judge his case and determine if he was truly worthy of protection. b. Deliver him over to the hand of the avenger of blood: If it was determined at this trial that the man was really guilty of murder, then he would be delivered to the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die. There was no protection of the guilty within the walls of a city of refuge. c. Put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with you: God was just as concerned that the guilty be punished as He was that the innocent be protected (lest innocent blood be shed in the midst of your land, Deuteronomy 19:10). 5. The cities of refuge as a picture of Jesus. a. The Bible applies this picture of the city of refuge to the believer finding refuge in God on more than one occasion: i. Psalm 46:1: God is our refuge and strength, A very present help in trouble. More than 15 other times, the Psalms speak of God as being our refuge. ii. Hebrews 6:18: That by two immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we might have strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us. b. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge are within easy reach of the needy person; they were of no use unless someone could get to the place of refuge. c. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge are open to all, not just the Israelite; no one needs to fear that they would be turned away from their place of refuge in their time of need (Numbers 35:15). d. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge became a place where the one in need would live; you didn’t come to a city of refuge in time of need just to look around (Numbers 35:25). e. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge are the only alternative for the one in need; without this specific protection, they will be destroyed. f. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge provide protection only within their boundaries; to go outside meant death (Numbers 35:26-28). g. With both Jesus and the cities of refuge, full freedom comes with the death of the High Priest (Numbers 35:25). h. A crucial distinction: The cities of refuge only helped the innocent; the guilty can come to Jesus and find refuge! B. Other legal principles. 1. (14) The principle of the landmark. You shall not remove your neighbor’s landmark, which the men of old have set, in your inheritance which you will inherit in the land that the LORD your God is giving you to possess. a. You shall not remove your neighbor’s landmark: God here established and supported the basic right to private property. When your neighbor has a lawful landmark, you must respect it - and are forbidden to change it as you might please. i. This command supports an important foundation for human society: The right to personal property. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. b. Which the men of old have set: This law also reflects an important spiritual principle: It isn’t wise to ignore what the men of old have set when doing the work of the LORD. Many a young man, or a new man, has greatly hindered his own work by being a revolutionary - and ignoring the “landmarks” which the men of old have set. 2. (15-20) The principle of true and false witness. One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established. If a false witness rises against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing, then both men in the controversy shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges who serve in those days. And the judges shall make careful inquiry, and indeed, if the witness is a false witness, who has testified falsely against his brother, then you shall do to him as he thought to have done to his brother; so you shall put away the evil from among you. And those who remain shall hear and fear, and hereafter they shall not again commit such evil among you. a. One witness shall not rise: One witness was never enough to establish a fact in a Biblical court of law. One needed two or three witness to establish a matter. i. This isn’t just because it is possible for one witness to lie without having his story corroborated. It is because one witness can be confused, or mistaken in his testimony. It is a basic measure of reliability that it must be more than a simple case of “my word against theirs.” ii. Some have carried this principle to modern courts by saying that two independent lines of evidence can be valid “witnesses.” For example, if there were a murder which no one witnessed with their eyes, yet there was a murder weapon with clear fingerprints, and additional blood evidence each pointing to one suspect, this would be counted as two independent “witnesses.” b. If a false witness rises against any man to testify: False witness was discovered by careful examination (the judges shall make diligent inquiry) and was punished by giving the false witness the same penalty which would have gone to the man he falsely accused (you shall do to him as he thought to have done to his brother). i. At the trial of Jesus, many false witnesses rose up against him, and were demonstrated to be false witnesses by their confused and contradictory testimony (Matthew 26:59-60). The false witnesses, under Jewish law, should have been put to death, because that is the punishment they sought for Jesus. c. And those who remain shall hear and fear: Many modern people doubt that the punishment of others is an effective deterrent to crime; but the Bible clearly says that it is. Weak or inconsistent punishment does not deter crime, but effective punishment does. 3. (21) Eye for eye, tooth for tooth. Your eye shall not pity: life shall be for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. a. Your eye shall not pity: This was an important principle for the Biblical court of law; here, connected to the punishment described for false witness, it shows that whatever evil was planned or practiced against another, a similar punishment should be brought against the false witness. b. Life shall be for life, eye for eye: However, retribution was always limited by the eye for eye principle. This law was meant to be a check to our desire to revenge, not a license for revenge. i. Our tendency is to want to do more to the offending party than what they have done to us. But we cannot punish from a motive of revenge, only from a motive of justice. ii. “Far from encouraging vengeance it limits vengeance and stands as a guide for a judge as he fixes a penalty suited to the crime. The principle was thus not license or vengeance, but a guarantee of justice.” (Thompson) c. Eye for eye, tooth for tooth: In Matthew 5:38-39, Jesus quoted this passage in His teaching on the true interpretation of the law. He does not say that the eye for eye principle is wrong; rather, He simply condemns the use of it to make it an obligation to exact revenge against someone who has personally offended me. i. Many Rabbis in Jesus’ day taught that the eye for eye law meant you were obligated to avenge yourself of a personal insult or attack brought against you. Jesus rightly disallowed the application of this law in our personal relationships; it was a law intended to guide the judges in the law courts of Israel, not to guide our personal relationships. ii. “Jesus’ criticism of this law (Mt. 5:38f.) arose from its use to regulate conduct between individuals. He did not reject it as a principle of justice which should operate in the courts of the land. For private relationships He proposed the ideal of brotherhood, a strong principle throughout the book of Deuteronomy. To extend the lex talionis to this interpersonal domain was to destroy the law of God.” (Thompson) Deuteronomy 20 - Instructions Concerning Warfare A. The spiritual and practical preparation of the army. 1. (1) The command to trust in God. When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, do not be afraid of them; for the LORD your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt. a. When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you: Israel, a small nation surrounded by great empires, was rarely in a strategically superior position. In battle, they usually saw horses and chariots and people more numerous than you. b. Do not be afraid of them: Despite the clear danger, they also had a clear command from God to not fear. Israel was commanded to not fear what any logical military man would fear: superior numbers, superior technology, and superior equipment. c. For the LORD your God is with you: Yet, Israel was given a reason to not fear. God did not deny that the enemies of Israel would usually have more horses, chariots, and people than Israel. But God asked them to recognize a greater fact: That the LORD your God is with you. i. As Paul said it in Romans 8:31: If God is for us, who can be against us? One with God makes an unbeatable majority. d. Who brought you up from the land of Egypt: Israel was also given evidence for faith. God didn’t ask Israel to have a “blind” trust in Him. They could trust Him as they went into battle because He had proven Himself mighty and faithful before. He had a track record which could be trusted. 2. (2-4) The command to encourage people before battle. So it shall be, when you are on the verge of battle, that the priest shall approach and speak to the people. And he shall say to them, “Hear, O Israel: Today you are on the verge of battle with your enemies. Do not let your heart faint, do not be afraid, and do not tremble or be terrified because of them; for the LORD your God is He who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.” a. When you are on the verge of battle: At this critical time, it was the job of the priest to encourage the soldiers to trust in God. Though the priests were not normally to go into battle themselves (they were not numbered among the fighting men of Israel, Numbers 1:47-53), the priests still had an important job when Israel went to war - to spiritually teach and encourage the soldiers! b. The LORD your God is He who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you: This was the reason for courage. When Israel was obedient, and trusting in God, they could never lose. But when they were disobedient, or not trusting, they could never win - even if they had superior forces. 3. (5-9) How to shrink an army, and make it more effective. Then the officers shall speak to the people, saying: “What man is there who has built a new house and has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man dedicate it. Also what man is there who has planted a vineyard and has not eaten of it? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man eat of it. And what man is there who is betrothed to a woman and has not married her? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man marry her.” The officers shall speak further to the people, and say, “What man is there who is fearful and fainthearted? Let him go and return to his house, lest the heart of his brethren faint like his heart.” And so it shall be, when the officers have finished speaking to the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people. a. What man is there who has built a new house and has not dedicated it? God first told the officers of the army of Israel to send home all the soldiers who had unfinished business at home: a home he has not used, a vineyard he has not harvested, or an engaged woman he has not married - let them go home. b. What man is there who is fearful and fainthearted? Next, the officers of Israel were to send home all who were fearful and fainthearted. They might just make the others fearful also! In the spiritual army of God, He only wants willing, brave soldiers. c. When the officers have finished speaking to the people: God was perfectly willing to use those who were left after the officers had excused all of those under the previous two conditions. Both of these exemptions - remarkable among any army - were a powerful testimony that Israel trusted in God for military victory, not in their own ability to raise a mighty, large army. i. To God, the size of the army wasn’t important; the heart of the army was far more important. He didn’t want people who might be distracted from the real battle by worrying about the cares of everyday life (their home, their vineyard, their fiancée’); nor did He want people who were not really trusting Him. God could do more through a smaller army that was really committed to Him than through a bigger army that was full of compromise. ii. The story of Gideon (Judges 7) is a powerful illustration of this; Gideon started with an army of 32,000, but it was too big - so he sent home those who were afraid, and 22,000 left! But it was still too big, so God had him send home 7,700 more, so he only had an army of 300 to fight against a Midianite army of 135,000! Yet God gave him the victory. d. Make captains of the armies to lead the people: God commanded that His army have leadership. No matter how good the soldiers were, they needed to have good leadership. B. Instructions for battle. It is important to note that God gave instructions to Israel on how to conduct war. There are, in God’s way of doing things, rules for war. It cannot be conducted in any way conceivable or in any way that might bring victory. These principles are reflected in the ancient Christian teachings regarding just war. 1. (10-11) The offer of peace. When you go near a city to fight against it, then proclaim an offer of peace to it. And it shall be that if they accept your offer of peace, and open to you, then all the people who are found in it shall be placed under tribute to you, and serve you. a. When you go near a city to fight against it: The following verses describe the normal battle procedures for Israel. There were many times when God gave specific instructions which would supersede these normal instructions, such as with the battle of Jericho or the conquest of Canaan in general. b. Proclaim an offer of peace: It was important that Israel did not fight unnecessarily. If the city would agree to terms of peace, then they should come to an agreement. c. It shall be placed under tribute to you: The conquered city would be made a tribute city to Israel, subservient to the nation of Israel. 2. (12-15) Conquering a city through siege and battle. Now if the city will not make peace with you, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it. And when the LORD your God delivers it into your hands, you shall strike every male in it with the edge of the sword. But the women, the little ones, the livestock, and all that is in the city, all its spoil, you shall plunder for yourself; and you shall eat the enemies’ plunder which the LORD your God gives you. Thus you shall do to all the cities which are very far from you, which are not of the cities of these nations. a. You shall besiege it: Typically, a walled city was conquered by use of the siege. Enemy armies surrounded a city and cut off all their supplies and contact with the outside world. When the city was sufficiently weakened through hunger or thirst, they either surrendered or were conquered. Sometimes a siege would last for years. i. There are a few horrific sieges described in the Scriptures, such as a siege of Samaria in 2 Kings 6:24-33. b. You shall strike every male: It was simply understood in the ancient world that any surviving male would be a perpetual enemy of the people who had conquered his city. Prisoners of war were often not taken in ancient warfare; enemies were simply killed. c. You shall plunder for yourself: Plunder provided the wages for the army in ancient warfare, and underwrote the expenses for the battle. 3. (16-18) The command to utterly destroy the Canaanites. But of the cities of these peoples which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance, you shall let nothing that breathes remain alive, but you shall utterly destroy them: the Hittite and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite, just as the LORD your God has commanded you, lest they teach you to do according to all their abominations which they have done for their gods, and you sin against the LORD your God. a. You shall let nothing that breathes remain: The previous commands regarding warfare did not apply to the upcoming conquest of Canaan. There, not only was Israel not to offer peace to the cities, but they were also to destroy everything, not only the adult males. This was a unique war of judgment, more than a war of conquest or defense. b. Lest they teach you to do according to their abominations which they have done for their gods: This explains why such a complete destruction was commanded. The culture of the Canaanites was so corrupt - socially, morally, and spiritually - that God considered it irredeemable, and ripe for judgment. In this unique war, the armies of Israel were to bring that judgment upon the Canaanites. 4. (19-20) The command to save trees for food during a siege. When you besiege a city for a long time, while making war against it to take it, you shall not destroy its trees by wielding an ax against them; if you can eat of them, do not cut them down to use in the siege, for the tree of the field is man’s food. Only the trees which you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down, to build siegeworks against the city that makes war with you, until it is subdued. a. When you besiege a city for a long time: When an army surrounded a city during a siege, the army would forage around the countryside for supplies. Needing wood for building and fuel, it would be common for the besieging army to cut down trees in the area around the city. b. Only the trees which you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down: However, God commanded Israel against cutting down trees for food when they besieged a city. They had to take a long-term view (one good for the ecology), and see that their immediate need for wood was less important than the long-term good of the area.

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6. Exodus 20:18 - 22 (Israel Fears God's Presence & God gives Laws To Israel's Judges)

Exodus 20:18 - 22 (Israel Fears God's Presence & God gives Laws To Israel's Judges)

Exodus 20 - The Ten Commandments A. The nation's great fear of the presence of God. 1. (18) The people stand afar off. Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. a. All the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning: Awesome sights and sounds came from Mount Sinai together with the speaking of the law. All of the phenomenon together made for an overwhelming scene. i. Lightning flashes: "The word here is unusual and might be translated 'torches', meaning 'flashes' or 'fireballs'. This is the same word used for the symbol of God's presence that Abraham sees at the making of God's covenant with him (Genesis 15)." (Cole) ii. The mountain smoking: Deuteronomy 5:23 explains why the mountain smoked; it says the mountain was burning with fire. b. They trembled and stood afar off: The awe of all the phenomenon did nothing to draw the people closer to God; it only made them stand afar off. 2. (19) The request of the people. Then they said to Moses, "You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die." a. Let not God speak with us: One might think that Israel loved the dramatic experience at Mount Sinai, and especially the honor of hearing God's voice like a loudspeaker from heaven. Instead, because of the great awe and dread they felt, they wanted God to stop speaking to them directly. i. Biblically speaking, an up-close encounter with God could just as often be troubling as it might be comforting. Israel could not see, feel, and hear this much from God and not at the same time be acutely aware that He is perfect and holy and they were not. ii. This is a typical reaction of those who came into the presence of God, such as Isaiah who felt undone before God (Isaiah 6:1-5) and John who fell as a dead man before the Lord (Revelation 1:17). iii. "What Israel dreaded, Moses coveted (Exodus 33:18)." (Cole) b. You speak with us, and we will hear: The people promised to hear and (by implication) obey the word of God that came to them by Moses. They failed in this promise, both soon after this and in the longer term. i. In following generations, Israel interpreted the law downward so it could be more easily obeyed, removing the heart and intent of the law. Jesus exposed this shallow understanding of the law in His Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:17-48). This progressed to the point where Saul of Tarsus could say and mean of himself, concerning the righteousness which is in the law, [I was counted] blameless (Philippians 3:6). c. Let not God speak with us, lest we die: In drawing back from direct dealing with God, Israel wanted Moses to be their mediator, fearing death if they did not have a mediator. i. Man's desire for a mediator - someone to act as a go-between with us a God - is only good if it is fulfilled in Jesus Christ, for there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 2:5). 3. (20) The purpose for this fear. And Moses said to the people, "Do not fear; for God has come to test you, and that His fear may be before you, so that you may not sin." a. Do not fear; for God has come to test you: The people of Israel wanted to separate themselves from the manifest presence of God, but God meant it for good to test them. · The test revealed to them what kind of God they served: a God above nature, personal, good, and holy. · The test revealed to them what God's expectations were, that God is a moral God who expects moral behavior from His people. · The test revealed to them their own weakness and need for God's grace, help, and rescue. b. That His fear may be before you: This distinguishes between two kinds of fear. Do not fear speaks of the tormenting fear that comes from both guilt and danger. That His fear may be before you speaks of the attitude of honor and reverence that leads to respect and obedience. i. "Fear not. And yet fear." (Trapp) ii. Though it is better to obey God out of fear than to disobey Him, God's ultimate motivation for obedience is love. This is clear from 1 John 4:18-19: There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love. We love Him because He first loved us. c. So that you may not sin: Israel did not learn this lesson well. In approximately 40 days they danced around a gold calf with both idolatry and immorality (Exodus 32). 4. (21) Moses draws near. So the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near the thick darkness where God was. a. So the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near: Israel dreaded the powerful presence of God, but Moses longed for it. Moses would later more directly and eloquently show this desire (Exodus 33). i. Moses had a relationship with God the common man in Israel did not have. Through the circumstances of his life and the direct revelation of God, Moses was aware of both God's holy power and also of God's glorious grace. b. Moses drew near the thick darkness where God was: It wasn't that Moses was a flawless saint. Moses was a murderer who had been forgiven and restored by God. Moses knew what it meant to connect with God on the ground of grace, not what one deserved. B. Laws concerning worship and altars. 1. (22-23) The purity of worship. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'You have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. You shall not make anything to be with Me; gods of silver or gods of gold you shall not make for yourselves.'" a. You have seen that I have talked with you from heaven: This makes it perfectly clear that God spoke the Ten Commandments to Israel from heaven. This happened at Mount Sinai, but God spoke from heaven. b. You shall not make anything to be with Me; gods of silver or gods of gold: Because God did not reveal Himself to Israel in any form or image, they were not to make any other god of silver or gold to set beside (be with Me) God. 2. (24-26) Instructions for altars and sacrifice. "'An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. In every place where I record My name I will come to you, and I will bless you. And if you make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone; for if you use your tool on it, you have profaned it. Nor shall you go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness may not be exposed on it.'" a. An altar of earth you shall make for Me: As God began this expanded section of His law for Israel, the first law mentioned had to do with sacrifice and atonement. This was in expectation that Israel would break the laws God gave them, and need to atone for their sin by sacrifice, all with a view to the ultimate sacrifice God would ultimately provide. i. Our word altar comes from the Latin altus, meaning high or elevated - because altars were raised to give them prominence and dignity. Yet the Hebrew word for altar (mizbach) has the sense of a place of sacrifice or killing, coming from the Hebrew word to kill. ii. An altar of earth: "In opposition to the costly shrines and services of those dunghill deities." (Trapp) God did not need an ornate or elaborate altar; an altar of earth was sufficient. With God's ultimate altar, a few wooden beams were sufficient. b. You shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings: The distinction between burnt offerings and peace offerings was given later in greater detail. Yet the mere mention of them at the outset of the giving of the law indicates that man cannot keep the law, and must have sacrifice to deal with this inability. c. I will come to you, and I will bless you: This wonderful promise was made in the context of sacrifice and atonement. Even in the Law of Moses, God often made the connection between trust in atoning sacrifice and the presence and blessing of God. i. Though there was blessing in keeping the law, we ultimately are only blessed by the law if we keep the entire law - therefore we seek and find blessing from God on the basis of His atoning sacrifice. d. You shall not build it of hewn stone: If an altar were made of stone, it was possible or even likely that attention would be drawn and glory would be given to the stone carver. God, at His altar, wanted to share glory with no man - the beauty and attractiveness would be found only in the provision of God, not in any fleshly display. i. If you use your tool on it, you have profaned it: "Not polished it. So in preaching (1 Corinthians 2:4-5). Some mar all by over-doing." (Trapp) e. Nor shall you go up by steps: God wanted no display of human flesh at His place of covering sacrifice. Steps might allow the leg of the priest to be seen. God doesn't want to see our flesh in worship. i. What God does want from us in worship is seen by Jesus' statement in John 4:24: God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. God wants worship that is characterized by Spirit (as opposed to flesh) and truth (as opposed to deception or mere feeling). ii. "Later on, when altars with steps were allowed to be built (Leviticus 9:22; Ezekiel 43:13-17), the priests were instructed to wear linen undershorts (Exodus 28:40-42; Ezekiel 44:18)." (Kaiser) Exodus 21 - Laws To Direct Judges A. Laws regarding servitude. 1. (1) These are the judgments. "Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them: a. Now these are the judgments: Exodus chapters 21-23 contain many laws on a wide variety of subjects, including: · Employment law regarding the treatment of servants · Murder, manslaughter, and violent assault · Liability for one's animals and responsibility for the animals of others · Theft, responsibility, and restitution · Rape, dowry, and the value of a woman's virginity · Idolatry and sorcery · Treatment of disadvantaged people in society · Money and property lending · Justice and equal standing before the law i. "THESE different regulations are as remarkable for their justice and prudence as for their humanity. Their great tendency is to show the valuableness of human life, and the necessity of having peace and good understanding in every neighbourhood; and they possess that quality which should be the object of all good and wholesome laws-the prevention of crimes." (Adam Clarke) b. Which you shall set before them: The wide-ranging character of these laws show that God gave them both for the laws in themselves, but also for the principles and precedent they would establish for the judges appointed by Moses. i. "These 'laws,' or, better, 'judgments' (mispatim), are given as precedents to guide Israel's civil magistrates in the cases of civil dispute." (Kaiser) 2. (2-4) The general law concerning Hebrew slaves (indentured servants). "If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years; and in the seventh he shall go out free and pay nothing. If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master has given him a wife, and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself." a. If you buy a Hebrew servant: With ancient Israel, as in the entire ancient world, there were people who worked for others on the principle of servitude. They were slaves in some sense, though not necessarily in the brutal and degraded sense most think of slavery. i. Some think that the Bible is responsible for slavery. The opposite is true; slavery existed long before Israel or Moses. The Bible is responsible for the elimination of slavery, not its establishment. ii. "Moses did not institute slavery in any shape; the laws concerning it were made on purpose to repress it, to confine it within very narrow bounds, and ultimately to put an end to it." (Spurgeon) iii. "The Torah accepts slavery as an inevitable part of ancient society, much as Paul did, but the new humanitarian approach will ultimately be the death-knell of slavery…In any case, slavery in Israel was rural, domestic and small scale." (Cole) iv. It is significant that the first words of this section of law in the Book of Exodus show that God wanted Israel to respect the rights and dignity of servants. "The first words of God from Sinai had declared that He was Jehovah Who brought them out of slavery. And in this remarkable code, the first person whose rights are dealt with is the slave." (Chadwick) b. A Hebrew servant: There were four basic ways a Hebrew might become a slave to another Hebrew. · In extreme poverty, they might sell their liberty (Leviticus 25:39). · A father might sell a daughter as a servant into a home with the intention that she would eventually marry into that family (Exodus 21:7). · In the case of bankruptcy, a man might become servant to his creditors (2 Kings 4:1). · If a thief had nothing with which to pay proper restitution (Exodus 22:3-4). i. The ideas of man-stealing and life-long servitude - the concepts many have of slavery - simply do not apply to the practice of slavery in the Old Testament. Normally, slavery was: · Chosen or mutually arranged · Of limited duration · Highly regulated c. He shall serve six years; and in the seventh he shall go out free and pay nothing: In all of the four above mentioned cases, the servitude was never obligated to be life-long. The Hebrew servant worked for six years and then was set free. i. "He was, more properly an 'indentured labourer', bound for six years." (Cole) ii. "That this servitude could extend, at the utmost, only to six years; and that it was nearly the same as in some cases of apprenticeship among us." (Clarke) iii. G. Campbell Morgan, after looking at the laws regarding slavery, wrote: "A careful consideration of them will show that they abolished slavery, and substituted for it, covenanted labour." iv. "Henceforward the condition of slaves among the Hebrew people would be in marked distinction to slavery as existing among other peoples. It was the beginning of a great moral movement." (Morgan) d. If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him: At the end of the six years the servant went out with what he came in with. If the master provided a wife (and therefore children), the wife and children had to stay with the master until they had fulfilled their obligations or could be redeemed. i. By himself: "Literally 'with his back', i.e. 'bare back and nothing more'. The phrase is vivid and unique, but the meaning is clear. This provision may seem hard to us, but the wife was presumably a perpetual slave, and therefore the master's own property." (Cole) 3. (5-6) The bond-slave: a willing slave for life. "But if the servant plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,' then his master shall bring him to the judges. He shall also bring him to the door, or to the doorpost, and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him forever." a. But if the servant plainly says, "I love my master": If, after the six years of servitude, a servant wished to make a life-long commitment to his master - in light of the master's goodness and his blessings for the servant - he could, through this ceremony, make a life-long commitment to his master. i. This commitment was not motivated by debt or obligation, only by love for the master, and the good things that the master had provided for the servant. b. His master shall bring him to the judges: This describes the public and recognized ceremony for recognizing a willing slave, one who had fulfilled his obligation yet still wanted to serve his master out of love. i. "The 'judges' changed the slave's status from temporary to permanent by a ceremony at the doorpost of the master's house." (Kaiser) c. His master shall pierce his ear with an awl: In the ceremony, the servant's ear was pierced - opened - with an awl. This was done in the presence of witnesses, and then he shall serve him forever. i. It's a remarkable thing to think of this ceremony being carried out. A servant said, "I know I have fulfilled my obligations to my master, and I have served what I have owed. Yet I love my master and am so grateful for what he has given that I will gladly obligate myself for life, not out of debt or shame or defeat, but out of love." ii. Psalm 40:6 later spoke of this ceremony taking place between the Father and the Son, where the Psalmist spoke prophetically for the Messiah: Sacrifice and offering You did not desire; my ears You have opened. Jesus was a perfect bond-slave to the Father (Philippians 2:7). iii. "That awl represents the nail that affixed Christ to the cross, and we must expect it in every true act of consecration." (Meyer) d. He shall serve him forever: Jesus gave us the right to be called friends instead of servants (John 15:15). Yet the writers of the New Testament found plenty of glory in simply being considered bondservants of Jesus (Romans 1:1, James 1:1, 2 Peter 1:1, Jude 1:1). i. Pagans had a custom of branding the slave with the name or the sign of the owner. Paul referred to himself as just such a slave in Galatians 6:17: From now on, let no one trouble me, for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus. Paul was a slave for life to Jesus. ii. This is a picture of the sinner's service of sin; there comes a place where the sinner, so filled with a love of his sin, seals his heart over to sin as his master. iii. This is a picture of our service to Jesus. · We have the power to go free if we want to. · We must be willing to take the consequences of chosen service. · We must be motivated by love for our Master. 4. (7-11) The rights of female servants. "And if a man sells his daughter to be a female slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do. If she does not please her master, who has betrothed her to himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has dealt deceitfully with her. And if he has betrothed her to his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters. If he takes another wife, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marriage rights. And if he does not do these three for her, then she shall go out free, without paying money." a. If a man sells his daughter to be a female slave: The matter described here seems to describe the selling of a young female as a slave to a family with the intention of marriage. This is why the text explained, who has betrothed her to himself. i. "Refers to a girl who is sold by her father, not for slavery, but for marriage." (Kaiser) ii. "Probably the origin of the custom was the same in either case: to avoid paying a higher bride-price at a later age, and to rear the future daughter-in-law within the family, ensuring that she 'fitted in'. Such an attitude to slaves abolishes slavery, except in name." (Cole) iii. In ancient societies (including sometimes among the Hebrews), a child might be sold as a slave in light of a debt or; especially in the case of a female slave, in a dowry arrangement to satisfy a debt. Such arrangements were more of what we associate with indentured servitude than slavery. Yet, these are not the circumstances regarding this particular law. b. He shall let her be redeemed: If her master did not marry her or decided not to give her to his son, the master was still obligated to respect her rights under God's law. He had to treat her well and give her the opportunity to escape the obligation of servitude. i. "Should the terms of marriage not be fulfilled, it is to be considered a breach of contract, and the purchaser must allow the girl to be redeemed." (Kaiser) ii. No right to sell her to a foreign people: "Even if he has wearied of her, he cannot sell her to another master: that would be a breach of marriage obligation to her." (Cole) c. He shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marriage rights: If the girl received into the home with the expectation of future marriage did not work out, she was not to be treated poorly. She was not to be deprived the comforts of the home; instead she must be treated according to the custom of daughters - treated like a daughter, not a slave. i. "The word translated food should perhaps be rendered 'meat': it means, say the commentators, the wife's fair share of luxuries, not mere subsistence allowance, which any slave would get." (Cole) d. Then she shall go out free, without paying money: If the household failed in their obligations toward the girl received into the home with the expectation of future marriage, she was granted freedom. These were remarkable protections of ones who might be disadvantaged. i. The girl in this circumstance - out of her birth home, released by her natural parents - had no natural protector in that society. God directed the judges of Israel to be her protector. ii. Thus, "The right of a parent to sell his daughter was carefully guarded against abuse." (Thomas) B. Laws regarding violence and disability. 1. (12-14) Appropriate punishment for both murder and manslaughter. "He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. However, if he did not lie in wait, but God delivered him into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. But if a man acts with premeditation against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you shall take him from My altar, that he may die." a. He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death: The principle for capital punishment goes back to Genesis 9:6: Whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God He made man. The right for the state to use the sword of execution is also stated in the New Testament (Romans 13:3-4). b. If he did not lie in wait…if a man acts with premeditation: God told the judges of Israel to look for evidence of premeditation and treachery. God did not place accidents, or crimes of passion or neglect on the same plane as crimes of premeditation and treachery. c. You shall take him from My altar, that he may die: The principle of punishing murderers is so important to God that He denied murderers refuge at His altar. According to almost universal custom in the ancient world, a religious altar was a place of sanctuary against justice or vengeance. An accused man might find safety if he could flee to an altar before he was apprehended. i. "The supplicant would catch hold of the projecting 'horns' of the altar (1 Kings 2:28). This was tantamount to dedicating himself to YHWH, like any animal sacrifice bound with ropes to the altar horns." (Cole) ii. Yet God told the judges of Israel there was to be no mercy in the sentencing of those guilty of the worst murders, what we might call first-degree murder. God said, "You shall take him from My altar, that he may die." The murderer was to find no protection in misunderstood, misapplied faith. iii. God said also that unpunished murderers defiled the land: Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death . . . So you shall not pollute the land where you are; for blood defiles the land, and no atonement can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. Therefore do not defile the land which you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell; for I the LORD dwell among the children of Israel. (Numbers 35:31, 33-34) iv. The principle that unpunished murders defile a land is a sobering, humbling thought among Americans, were so many are murdered and few are brought to justice for those murders. d. Then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee: Later (in Numbers 35 and Joshua 20) God commanded and Israel made cities of refuge (a place where he may flee). These were selected, prepared cities where one could flee in the case of manslaughter, and be protected until his case was properly heard. i. "From the earliest times the nearest akin had a right to revenge the murder of his relation, and as this right was universally acknowledged, no law was ever made on the subject; but as this might be abused, and a person who had killed another accidentally, having had no previous malice against him, might be put to death by the avenger of blood, as the nearest kinsman was termed, therefore God provided the cities of refuge to which the accidental manslayer might flee till the affair was inquired into, and settled by the civil magistrate." (Clarke) ii. This careful distinction between degrees of guilt and punishment in murder, and the protections for the one guilty of manslaughter as opposed to murder show the sophistication and concern for justice in the principles given to Israelite judges. 2. (15-17) Laws concerning murder of a parent. "And he who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death. And he who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death." a. He who strikes his father or mother: Strikes must be taken in the context of Exodus 21:12, which says He who strikes a man so that he dies. A child who murdered, or attempts the murder of a parent, was to receive capital punishment. b. He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death: Kidnapping was also considered a capital offense. In the eyes of God, criminally enslaving a man was not far from murdering him. i. "Kidnapping for slavery was common in the ancient world" (Cole), and is here clearly prohibited. ii. This is a subtle yet important difference between slavery as it was (and is) commonly practiced and slavery as regulated in the Bible. Most slavery (ancient and modern) was actually a form of kidnapping - the taking and imprisoning of a person against their will. As regulated in the Bible (and as practiced in some other ancient cultures), slavery was received willingly (usually as payment for debt) or, in the case of war, was an alternative to death. In ancient Israel, other cultures were not kidnapped and enslaved (as was the practice in the African slave trade). iii. The context and placement of this law is significant. "Kidnapping is not a property offense since no property offense draws a capital punishment, and this law is not listed under property laws. Instead, it is the theft of a human being." (Kaiser) iv. Or if he is found in his hand "should be translated 'and is caught with the money in his hand.' Unexpectedly large bank balances are still hard to explain to the Income Tax department of our own day." (Cole) c. He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death: The idea was of an adult child who threatened their parent. Though this law was severe, it preserved a critical foundation for civilized society: respect between generations. i. The idea of the curse here is more like what we would think of as a death threat. "Since to curse was to will and pray the downfall of the other with all one's heart, it represented the attitude from which sprang acts like striking or murder." (Cole) ii. The Law of Moses also had a built-in protection for the rights of the child, according to Deuteronomy 21:18-21. This passage states that the parent did not have the right to carry out this punishment, but they were required to bring the accused child before the elders and judges of the city. This meant that the parent - against all contemporary custom - did not have the absolute power of life and death over their children. As a practical matter, the judges of Israel rarely if ever administered the death penalty in such cases, yet the child was held accountable. iii. Yet the law discouraging conflict between generations is important. Each elder generation, as they grow older, is at the mercy of the younger generation. If the younger generation is allowed to carry on open warfare with the older generation, the very foundations of society are shaken - as reflected in the Fourth Commandment. Some modern laws - including developing laws regarding euthanasia - may lead to the easy murder of the older generation by the younger. 3. (18-19) Regarding compensation for personal injury. "If men contend with each other, and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but is confined to his bed, if he rises again and walks about outside with his staff, then he who struck him shall be acquitted. He shall only pay for the loss of his time, and shall provide for him to be thoroughly healed." a. If men contend with each other, and one strikes the other: If, because of a conflict, a man was unable to work (is confined to his bed) because of an injury received at the hand of another, the one who injured him must pay compensation to the man and his family. i. These laws of compensation for personal injury have parallels in the Code of Hammurabi and in Hittite Laws. b. If he rises again and walks about outside with his staff: However, if the man could recover from the injury, the guilty party was only required to pay for his medical recovery and for his lost time. c. And shall provide for him to be thoroughly healed: Though these principles have been abused by the greedy in our modern day, the principles themselves still stand. 4. (20-21) Regarding the beating and death of a servant. "And if a man beats his male or female servant with a rod, so that he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished. Notwithstanding, if he remains alive a day or two, he shall not be punished; for he is his property." a. So that he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished: This shows that in ancient Israel servants could be murdered. In many other cultures, the master was held blameless if he murdered a servant, because the servant was not considered a person. i. "The great advance on ancient thinking is that the slave is considered here as a person." (Cole) b. Notwithstanding, if he remains alive a day or two, he shall not be punished: Yet the master not be punished if the servant did not die immediately. Perhaps this was a way to determine intent, with the idea that if the servant lived for several days, it was an indication that the master must not have intended to murder him. i. The idea was that if the victim did not die immediately, it was evidence that he was struck with the intention of discipline and not murder. Additionally, if the slave died through this unintentional attack, the loss of property was thought to be penalty enough to the master. ii. Adam Clarke noted that this reflects a general principle in the Law of Moses: great consideration to the rights of the accused. "And all penal laws should be construed as favourably as possible to the accused." (Clarke) iii. "The aim of this law was not to place the slave at the master's mercy but to restrict the master's power over him." (Kaiser) c. He shall surely be punished…he is his property: These laws together paint a picture of the ideas behind slavery in ancient Israel. A servant was a person (who could not be murdered), yet they were also considered the property of the master, until their obligation was fulfilled. i. For he is his property: "Is literally 'because he is his money.' The point is not that men are mere chattel…but that the owner has an investment in this slave that he stands to lose either by death…or by emancipation." (Kaiser) ii. These principles paint a spiritual analogy. Spiritually speaking, we are the property of whom we serve. We are either slaves to Satan or to Jesus Christ. 5. (22-25) Laws of retribution. "If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman's husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges determine. But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe." a. He shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman's husband imposes on him: This is an example of a case of retribution, where a pregnant woman was injured in a conflict, and she gave birth prematurely. A penalty was only to be assessed if there was lasting damage. i. If no lasting damage resulted, there are no damages awarded. Perhaps this was recognition that the law cannot address every loss or consequence, and that only permanent consequences are justly compensated. b. But if any harm follows: If lasting damage resulted - short of death, which was covered by another law - there was retribution or restitution due. i. "For the accidental assault, the offender must still pay some compensation, even though both mother and child survived….The fee would be set by the woman's husband and approved by a decision of the court." (Kaiser) c. But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, eye for eye: If lasting damage resulted, the eye for eye principle always limited retribution. This law was meant to block man's natural desire for vengeance. It was not given as a license for revenge. i. Our tendency is to want to do more against the offending party than what they did to us. This principle can apply to our modern practice of assessing huge punitive damages in lawsuits, and this law presents the principle that only the loss itself is to be compensated. d. You shall give life for life: This principle leads some to wonder if, in ancient Israel, people were routinely killed for what we might consider accidental death or manslaughter. It's important to correlate this principle of you shall give life for life with Numbers 35:31, which allows a substitute ransom payment for loss of life that was not willful and premeditated murder. i. Numbers 35:31: Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death. This prohibition indicates that it was common practice to take ransom money for wrongful death in other circumstances. ii. "Thus we conclude that the defendant must surrender to the deceased child's father or wife's husband the monetary value of each life if either or both were harmed." (Kaiser) 6. (26-27) The law of retribution as it regards masters and servants. "If a man strikes the eye of his male or female servant, and destroys it, he shall let him go free for the sake of his eye. And if he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he shall let him go free for the sake of his tooth." a. If a man strikes the eye of his male or female servant, and destroys it, he shall let him go free for the sake of his eye: The principle of eye for an eye had a different application for servants. If injured by the master, the servant received something more precious than an eye - his freedom. i. These laws don't try to make the master feel a certain way about his slave. Instead, the laws guide the behavior of the master, giving him incentive to protect and honor his slave, treating them more like an employee than a work-animal. b. If he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he shall let him go free: "If this did not teach them humanity, it taught them caution, as one rash blow might have deprived them of all right to the future services of the slave; and this self-interest obliged them to be cautious and circumspect." (Clarke) C. Laws regarding animal control and damage. 1. (28-32) Determining guilt when an animal kills a human. "If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, then the ox shall surely be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be acquitted. But if the ox tended to thrust with its horn in times past, and it has been made known to his owner, and he has not kept it confined, so that it has killed a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death. If there is imposed on him a sum of money, then he shall pay to redeem his life, whatever is imposed on him. Whether it has gored a son or gored a daughter, according to this judgment it shall be done to him. If the ox gores a male or female servant, he shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned." a. The ox shall surely be stoned…but the owner of the ox shall be acquitted: This law illustrated the principle of intent and neglect. An owner of a man-killing ox could not be held guilty if the animal had no history of aggression towards people. Yet the animal must die, and the owner was forbidden to profit from the animal or its death (its flesh shall not be eaten). No one was to profit from or regard casually even accidental death. i. "This means injury by oxen, since the Israelites kept no other animal that was capable of killing a human: horses were foreign luxuries." (Cole) ii. "This served to keep up a due detestation of murder, whether committed by man or beast; and at the same time punished the man as far as possible, by the total loss of the beast." (Clarke) b. But if the ox tended to thrust with its horn in times past . . . the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death: Yet, if an ox owner had an ox (or similar animal) whom he knew to be aggressive and he failed to control the animal, he was guilty of murder and punished as such. c. If there is imposed on him a sum of money, then he shall pay to redeem his life: It seems that if the survivors of the dead man accepted monetary restitution in lieu of the owner's death, this was an acceptable settlement. d. Whether it has gored a son or gored a daughter, according to this judgment it shall be done to him: The same principles were applied in the death of a minor. They were regarded as people with rights to respect as well as adults. e. If the ox gores a male or female servant, he shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver: If a servant was killed under such circumstances, the price of restitution was thirty shekels of silver, which was considered the price of a slave. i. "Even in Israel, a slave was still a man: his blood brings blood-guilt, like that of any other man." (Cole) ii. Significantly, this was the same price Jesus was sold for when Judas betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver (Matthew 26:15). 2. (33-36) More laws regarding the principles of negligence and restitution. "And if a man opens a pit, or if a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls in it, the owner of the pit shall make it good; he shall give money to their owner, but the dead animal shall be his. If one man's ox hurts another's, so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide the money from it; and the dead ox they shall also divide. Or if it was known that the ox tended to thrust in time past, and its owner has not kept it confined, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall be his own." a. He shall give money to their owner, but the dead animal shall be his: These laws communicate the principle of responsibility for the consequences of an individual's actions upon another. The example given had to do with necessary restitution when the digging of a pit caused the death of an animal. i. If a man opens a pit: "More likely for grain storage than water storage. Pits were also used as traps for animals (2 Samuel 23:20) or prisons for men (Genesis 37:24)." (Cole) b. If one man's ox hurts another's, so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide the money from it: These laws required the investigation and analysis of judges, so that the application of the law took into account findings of intent and negligence. There is a sense in which these are simply applications of the general principles of justice and fairness. i. "To a struggling Israelite farmer, fair payment for the death of an ox might mean the difference between life and death, or at least between freedom and slavery for debt." (Cole) Exodus 22 - More Laws to Direct Judges A. Laws regarding personal property and restitution. 1. (1-4) Restitution required in cases of theft. "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed. He should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. If the theft is certainly found alive in his hand, whether it is an ox or donkey or sheep, he shall restore double." a. If a man steals an ox or a sheep: The command against theft was already stated in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:15). Here are more specific principles given to judges, so they could apply that principle in the daily life and administration of justice among the people of Israel. i. Slaughters or sells: "There is a heavier fine for this, since such action presumably shows deliberate intent to steal." (Cole) b. He shall restore: The Mosaic Law did not send a person to jail because of theft. Instead, the thief was required to restore what he stole, plus an additional penalty. i. In this passage, the penalty could be anywhere from 500% (he shall restore five oxen for an ox) to 200% (he shall restore double). "The reason for the fivefold penalty in the case of stealing an ox is probably because one man stole the means of another man's livelihood. The principle would extend to taking any of the man's plowing or cultivating implements." (Kaiser) ii. This can be regarded as a positive approach to the punishment of criminals, putting them to productive restitution and compensating the victims of their theft. These principles are often ignored in the modern administration of justice. iii. They are also, as a principle, ignored in many Christian lives. "This chapter is full of restitution, of which there is far too little in ordinary Christian life. We try to make amends for injury done to another by an extraordinary amount of civility; but we are reluctant in so many words to frankly confess that we have done wrong, and make proper reparation for the act or speech." (Meyer) c. He should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft: If the person was unable to pay back what he stole, the thief was sold as an indentured laborer, with the money from the sale going to the victim. d. If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed: A property owner had the right to protect his property with force - but only with reasonable force. The assumption was that if it was daylight, the property owner had the ability to defend himself short of lethal force. i. "It is typical of Israel's merciful law that even a thief has his rights." (Cole) 2. (5-8) Further application of the principle of restitution. "If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed, and lets loose his animal, and it feeds in another man's field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard. If fire breaks out and catches in thorns, so that stacked grain, standing grain, or the field is consumed, he who kindled the fire shall surely make restitution. If a man delivers to his neighbor money or articles to keep, and it is stolen out of the man's house, if the thief is found, he shall pay double. If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges to see whether he has put his hand into his neighbor's goods." a. If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed, and lets loose his animal, and it feeds in another man's field, he shall make restitution: The owner of an animal was responsible for the grazing of his animals. He was obliged to respect his neighbor's property (the grazing land). i. "Thus men are held responsible, not only for the harm they do, but also for the harm they occasion, even though they may not have purposely designed the damage that ensued." (Kaiser) ii. "We wrong another not only by what we do, or permit to be done, but in what we carelessly fail to do." (Meyer) b. He shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard: This was a fair punishment, and significant enough to give a farmer a reason to not allow his animals to carelessly and destructively graze. i. "These laws also began by laying emphasis on the guilt of carelessness. The truth emphasized is that no man must live his life on the basis of selfishness or wholly alone and that wrong inflicted on neighbor by neighbor in the material realm becomes sin against God in the moral realm." (Morgan) c. He who kindled the fire shall surely make restitution: Restitution was also required in cases of vandalism or foolish negligence, even if one kept the property of another. The Mosaic legal system had a high view of personal responsibility, even with the property of others. i. This translates into a proper concern for the property of others today. A Christian, if he backs into someone else's car, will certainly leave a note and make good the damage. A Christian will have proper insurance, guaranteeing they can compensate for someone else's loss. ii. If someone gives you something to hold for them, you are then responsible for it as a faithful steward or manager. This principle also includes what God gives us to manage or steward for Him. d. Shall surely make restitution…he shall pay double: Restitution was paid according to a pre-determined amount or percentage; it was not left to the whim of either the victim or the judge. 3. (9-13) More application of the principle of restitution. "For any kind of trespass, whether it concerns an ox, a donkey, a sheep, or clothing, or for any kind of lost thing which another claims to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whomever the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor. If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep, and it dies, is hurt, or driven away, no one seeing it, then an oath of the LORD shall be between them both, that he has not put his hand into his neighbor's goods; and the owner of it shall accept that, and he shall not make it good. But if, in fact, it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to the owner of it. If it is torn to pieces by a beast, then he shall bring it as evidence, and he shall not make good what was torn." a. Any kind of lost thing which another claims to be his: In the law of Israel, an owner did not lose ownership simply because the object was lost. If another found the object and owner laid claim to it (with a dispute following), it was to be decided by judges. i. "An object has been lost: the owner later sees a similar object in possession of his neighbor, and claims it as his own. The Israelites apparently did not follow the Anglo-Saxon dictum of 'finders are keepers': a lost object remains the possession of the original owner, who can claim it on sight." (Cole) b. The cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whomever the judges condemn shall pay double: If there was a dispute regarding the loss of property, the judges heard evidence, investigated, and decided who was right and who was wrong. The guilty party had to pay double restitution - whether they were the accused or the defendant. There was a price for false accusation or lawsuit. i. Before the judges: "Hebrew, the gods: so judges are called, if good especially (Psalm 82:6). And the seat of judicature is called the holy place (Ecclesiastes 8:10)." (Trapp) c. If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep, and it dies, is hurt, or driven away, no one seeing it: This law considered the situation when something suspicious happens - an animal in the care of another dies, is hurt, or driven away. Yet, it happened with no witnesses (no one seeing it). Shall the testimony of the accused be accepted in such cases? d. Then an oath of the LORD shall be between them both, that he has not put his hand into his neighbor's goods; and the owner of it shall accept that: In such cases, the owner of the animal was obligated to accept the sworn testimony of the accused, unless there was evidence that gave reasonable doubt to the truthfulness of the accused. i. This principle is the foundation of our idea that a man is innocent until proven guilty. In this case, the man's oath was taken as true unless proof to the contrary could be found. ii. He shall bring it as evidence: "Production of the carcase would show that, while the shepherd could not prevent the kill, he was alert enough to stop the devouring of the prey." (Cole) e. The owner of it shall accept that: Though the owner of the animal suffered loss, he was not allowed to compensate the loss by accusing and winning damages against an innocent party. He had to accept the outcome, even though justice left him uncompensated. i. There is a parallel thought in the New Testament, that believers should avoid taking legal disputes among themselves to secular judges. They should allow the matter to be judged by the church (1 Corinthians 6:1-8). 4. (14-15) Restitution principles applied to borrowing and lending. "And if a man borrows anything from his neighbor, and it becomes injured or dies, the owner of it not being with it, he shall surely make it good. If its owner was with it, he shall not make it good; if it was hired, it came for its hire." a. If a man borrows anything from his neighbor: The principles of responsibility and restitution also applied to borrowing and lending. b. The owner of it not being with it…If its owner was with it: The assumption was that if the owner was with the animal or tool (or whatever) as it was used by another, the owner was responsible for the care and use of the object while in his presence. If the owner was not present, the borrower was responsible. c. He shall surely make it good: This was the simple principle meant to guide the judges. The guilty party had to make it good. Distinctions were to be made according to fairness and justice, not simply to reward whoever suffered loss. Sometimes loss is suffered and no one is to blame. B. Moral and ceremonial laws. 1. (16-17) The remedy for pre-marital sex. "If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife. If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the bride-price of virgins." a. If a man entices a virgin who is not betrothed: Some claim this passage did not prohibit pre-marital sex; but it did prohibit (or at least strongly discourage) it in practice, because it required a man to either marry or provide for a woman he had pre-marital sex with. i. Virgin: The Hebrew (betulah) "Was an unmarried girl who was always presumed to be a virgin." (Kaiser) ii. Entice a virgin: "Hebrew, over-persuade with her by fair words, which make fools fain." (Trapp) b. He shall surely pay the bride-price for her to be his wife: This law emphasized the principle that there is no such thing as casual sex. Both Old and New Testaments state that sexual relations carry lasting consequences (1 Corinthians 6:15-16). i. "This was an exceedingly wise and humane law, and must have operated powerfully against seduction and fornication; because the person who might feel inclined to take the advantage of a young woman knew that he must marry her, and giver her a dowry." (Clarke). ii. This law encouraged both men and women to value the virginity of a woman. "Since a man has taken a girl without paying bride-price, bride-price he must pay, for who else will pay it now?" (Cole) It's not that the virginity of men was worthless or ignored; yet the law encouraged greater care and preservation for the virginity of women until marriage and the advantageous circumstances for child raising. iii. It is to the great detriment of society and culture when the government works against the value of virginity, and (intentionally or not) supports behavior that doesn't value it or promotes the cheapening of virginity and abstinence until marriage. iv. A man illustrated the value of virginity with a true story about a friend who owned an antique store and had a table for sale. The table was worth $600, but was marked down to $300. A man tried to bargain her down to $200, and not only did she refuse, but she realized the true value of the table, and upped the price to its true worth - even when offered $300. The man finally bought the table for $600, and certainly treated it like a $600 table - because its worth had been recognized and fought for. Some women who know men treat them shabbily contribute to the problem by selling themselves cheaply. c. If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the bride-price of virgins: If the man who took advantage of the woman was considered a completely unacceptable husband by the father of the wronged woman, then that man had to pay the dowry without receiving the bride. This was a strong incentive against taking advantage of young women. d. He shall pay money: This brief presentation of the law gave no penalty to the woman involved. This was because she was thought to be disadvantaged (if a man entices a virgin) and needed to be recompensed. If she was not taken advantage of, then the loss of her virginity and the diminution of her marriage prospects was thought to be punishment enough. i. "This one consideration was a powerful curb on disorderly passions, and must tend greatly to render marriages respectable, and prevent all crimes of this nature." (Cole) 2. (18-20) Three capital crimes. "You shall not permit a sorceress to live. Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death. He who sacrifices to any god, except to the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed." a. A sorceress: Among the ancients, the practice of sorcery had two associations. First, contact with dark or demonic powers or persons. Second, altered states through drugs and potions. There was understood to be a connection between drug taking and occultist practices. i. The law shows that such communication is possible, and the penalty shows that it is dangerous. ii. The King James Version translates sorceress as witch. "An enchantress, sorceress, whose help was sometimes sought in enticing young maids to folly. The man-witch is also here meant, but the woman-witch mentioned; both because women are more inclinable to that sin; and also because the weaker sex is not to be spared for this fault." (Trapp) iii. Taking this noun sorceress, the "verb is to use incantations, magic, sorcery, or the arts of witchcraft. Our English 'witch' is alleged to have come from 'to wit,' i.e., 'to know,' in the adjectival wittigh or wittich, contracted to witch. The Greeks rendered our word by pharmakos ('poisoners'), since sorcerers dealt in drugs and pharmaceutical potions." (Kaiser) iv. "Many of the Israelites had, no doubt, learned these curious arts from their long residence with the Egyptians; and so much were the Israelites attached to them, that we find such arts in repute among them, and various practices of this kind prevailed through the whole of the Jewish history, notwithstanding the offence was capital, and in all cases punished with death." (Clarke) v. "It is clearly against the will of God that in this life men should hold any communication with the spirit world, save that of direct fellowship with Himself, through His Son, by the Holy Spirit." (Morgan) b. You shall not permit a sorceress to live: This was considered a severe enough threat that sorcery was considered a capital crime. This combination of occult practices and drug-induced altered states was seen as destructive to the culture and moral fabric of ancient Israel. i. "Thus with blunt directness and complete finality, the law of God against all traffic with the world of evil spirits was promulgated." (Morgan) ii. "Witchcraft is equally condemned in New Testament days (Acts 13:10; 19:19), but in spite of the practices of the church in the Middle Ages, there is no hint in the New Testament that mediums or witches should be put to death." (Cole) iii. Shall utterly be destroyed: This uses the ancient Hebrew word herem. "Herem is something devoted to God; however, it is not a voluntary but an involuntary dedication. It is now set apart to be banned from the earth." (Kaiser) c. Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death: Bestiality was practiced in the ancient world, and here God commanded specifically against it. i. "This offensive sex act apparently was prevalent among the Canaanites." (Kaiser) "Bestiality was not only an obvious perversion: it figured so often in the Canaanite cycle 'Tales of Baal' that it probably had a religious significance for the Canaanites." (Cole) ii. It is surprising to some that bestiality is legal in some European nations, and a subculture practices and promotes it. Yet there should be no surprise; if God's standard is rejected in one area of sexual morality, then the standards are often left up to the individual to decide. It is Christian civilization and morality that has discouraged and condemned fornication, adultery, pedophilia, polygamy, prostitution, homosexuality, gender confusion and the like. As Christian civilization and morality are increasingly mocked and rejected, it is no surprise that all of these sexual practices are increasingly practiced, supported, and encouraged. iii. Some years ago a student group at a university responded to the school's sponsorship of GLAD (Gay/Lesbian Awareness Days), with a mocking parody they called BAD (Bestiality Awareness Days). University administration did not allow them to promote or carry out their parody celebration; but there was no rational reason to prohibit this apart from a Biblical foundation for morality. iv. If the moral measure for a sexual act is, If it feels good, do it - then there is no moral measure, and the culture will become increasingly depraved until this changes. d. He who sacrifices to any god, except to the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed: In ancient Israel, it was strictly prohibited to sacrifice to the pagan gods. This law was often broken, and this penalty was rarely applied. One rare example of its application was when Elijah executed the prophets of Baal in 1 Kings 18:40. 3. (21) Compassion for the stranger. "You shall neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt." a. You shall neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him: A good measure of our moral character is found in how we treat a stranger. People often find it easy to treat their own flesh and blood well, but God commands us to have a concern for others - including the stranger. i. The enduring hatred and strife between ethnic and national groups shows just how little humanity has progressed. ii. It is fair to examine how accommodating are we to the strangers among us. If we stay with our own safe group and enjoy all the blessings, and fail to be outreaching and out-looking as a blessing to others, we mistreat a stranger. b. For you were strangers in the land of Egypt: Israel's own experience of being strangers should have given them appropriate sympathy for strangers in their midst. i. God's command that there be kindness and good treatment towards the stranger does not mean that it is not good or fitting that strangers receive permission to live among a new community. The people of Israel were strangers in the land of Egypt, but at the express invitation of Pharaoh (Genesis 47:5-6). Israel was not welcomed into Canaan, and their coming was rightly regarded as a war of conquest. Governments have the right and responsibility to control borders and immigration; yet there is no doubt of the individual's responsibility to neither mistreat a stranger nor oppress him. 4. (22-24) Compassion for the weak and vulnerable. "You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry; and My wrath will become hot, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless." a. You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child: The widow and fatherless child were the weakest and most vulnerable members of society. In an unrestrained, survival-of-the-fittest society, they would be the first to suffer abuse and destruction. God here commanded that at the very least, they not be afflicted. i. "It was the prophets who chided Israel for their neglect in this area of oppressing the poor and the weak." (Kaiser) b. I will kill you with the sword: Because of their special vulnerability, God commanded a special care and concern for them, promising to protect them. i. "The society that lacks social justice will itself come under God's judgment." (Cole) 5. (25-27) Compassion for the poor. "If you lend money to any of My people who are poor among you, you shall not be like a moneylender to him; you shall not charge him interest. If you ever take your neighbor's garment as a pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down. For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What will he sleep in? And it will be that when he cries to Me, I will hear, for I am gracious." a. If you lend money to any of My people who are poor among you, you shall not be like a moneylender to him: Interest was prohibited on loans made to the poor and the taking of collateral had to be reasonable. i. "The reason for the prohibition is presumably that the poor man borrows in his need. The loan is seen as assistance to a neighbor, and to make money from his need would be immoral." (Cole) ii. This only prohibited the taking of interest on loans for relief of the poor. Adam Clarke said of the word translated interest: "Neshech, from nashach, to bite, cut, or pierce with the teeth; biting usury. So the Latins call it usura vorax, devouring usury… Perhaps usury may be more properly defined unlawful interest, receiving more for the loan of money than it is really worth, and more than the law allows." Trapp commented on the word interest: "Hebrew, Biting usury." iii. "The prohibition against interest was written with the poor in mind. Commercial loans were not explicitly canned because they were not considered. Out of sixteen biblical passages dealing with loans (but not with interest), not one deals with a commercial loan. Commercial loans simply did not come under the biblical purview." (Gamoran, cited in Kaiser) b. If you ever take your neighbor's garment as a pledge: The fact that one's garment could be used as collateral (under regulated circumstances) shows that these were loans, with repayment expected and secured with collateral. They were not gifts, but loans. i. "Retaining one's outer garment (used as temporary collateral) overnight was strictly forbidden, for even an interest-free loan apparently required some type of pledge or security." (Kaiser) c. And it will be that when he cries to Me, I will hear: God promised to hear the prayer of the poor man when he cried out to the Lord. God's general sympathy for the poor is reflected in the fact that Jesus came from a poor family. When He was dedicated in the temple, shortly after His birth, the sacrifice was that of a poor family: two birds (Luke 2:24). 6. (28-31) Laws regarding holiness and separation unto God. "You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people. You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe produce and your juices. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me. Likewise you shall do with your oxen and your sheep. It shall be with its mother seven days; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me. And you shall be holy men to Me: you shall not eat meat torn by beasts in the field; you shall throw it

nothing at of , which is


7. Lamentations 1-5 (Destroying Our Lives & How To Ask God For Help)

Lamentations 1-5 (Destroying Our Lives & How To Ask God For Help)

The book of Lamentations in the Hebrew Bible does not appear in the same place that it appears in our Bibles. In the Hebrew Bible it appears with a group of books: Esther, and Ruth, Job, and Ezra. It was written by Jeremiah, and that is why in our Bibles they inserted it after the book of Jeremiah, because it is almost sort of an epilogue to the book of Jeremiah, in that it follows the destruction of the city of Jerusalem. There is on the site of Golgotha a cave that is called Jeremiah's Grotto. This cave known as Jeremiah's Grotto comprises a part of the face of the skull; hence the name Golgotha. Because as you look at the cliff, with these caves that are there in the cliff, they take the appearance of a skull. One of these caves is called Jeremiah's Grotto. It is interesting that from those caves there on the site of Golgotha, you have a tremendous view of the city of Jerusalem, for Golgotha is actually the top of what was once Mount Moriah. And it looks down over the city of Jerusalem. Tradition declares that Jeremiah sat in this grotto when he wrote the book of Lamentations, and there he wept and cried over the desolation of the city of Jerusalem as he saw its ruins, as he saw the walls destroyed, as he saw the buildings leveled. And from this vantage, he wrote this book. In the Septuagint, which is a translation of the scriptures into Greek that was done by seventy Hebrew scholars about 200 B.C., they prefaced the book of Lamentations with these words, "And it came to pass, that after Israel had been carried away captive, and Jerusalem made desolate, Jeremiah sat weeping and lamented this lament over Jerusalem and said, 'How doth the city sit solitary.'" So, they have that as a prologue to the book of Lamentations, and it was picked up and put in the Vulgate. The book of Lamentations is a favorite style of Hebrew poetry in four of the chapters. They are as known as an acrostic, and they were written in order to facilitate the memorization, in that you'll notice that in the first three chapters there are twenty two verses in each chapter. In the original Hebrew poetry, these twenty two verses were actually twenty two lines of the poem, and each line began with a succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet. So the first line began with Aleph, and then with Beth, and then with Gimel, and then with Daleth, and on through the Hebrew alphabet, each line with the succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet in the first three chapters...in the first two chapters. In the third chapter, you'll notice that there are sixty six verses. The first three lines begin with Aleph, the next three with Beth, the next three with Gimel. And so it was in triplets, actually, thus the sixty six verses. The fourth chapter, again each line beginning with the succeeding letter of the Greek alphabet. And even though the fifth chapter has twenty two verses, it is not in an acrostic. It doesn't follow this same pattern of each line beginning with the successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet. But they would often write their poems that way in order to help you in memorizing the poem, because you knew that the next line began with the next letter of the alphabet in succeeding order. This is a funeral dirge. It is a lament of Jeremiah over Jerusalem after the destruction. And the book of Lamentations is read each year in the synagogue on the fourth day of the ninth month. So, around August the fourth, this particular lament or book is read in the Jewish synagogues as they commemorate the anniversary of the destruction of Solomon's temple in 586 B.C. With that as a background, let us go into the first chapter, as Jeremiah declares, How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and the princess among the providences, how is she become a tributary! (Lam 1:1) The city is empty. It is now sitting solitary. The inhabitants have either been slain or carried away captive. There is a weird silence over this once prosperous, beautiful city, as it lies there now in rubble. She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks: among all her lovers she hath none to comfort her: all her friends have dealt treacherously with her, they are become her enemies (Lam 1:2). Jerusalem was once as a princess. Actually, tribute was paid to Solomon and to his kingdom, but now Jerusalem has become a tributary paying tribute to others. Those that she trusted in, Egypt and others have now become her enemies. Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwells among the heathen, she finds no rest: in all of her persecutors overtook her between the straits. The ways [or the paths] on the way to Zion do mourn, because none come to her solemn feasts (Lam 1:3-4): It must be a weird, awesome feeling to look over the ruins of a once great and prosperous city. Can you imagine, say sitting on Mount Wilson and overlooking the Los Angeles basin and nobody living there? No freeways jammed with cars. No industries belching out their smoke, just everything with a deathly silence. Imagine how you would feel, you know, having seen all of the activities and all, that go on in that great basin, and suddenly to look at it and see the whole thing silent and empty. It must be an awesome kind of a feeling to see such a thing. That's what Jeremiah... he had grown up in this city. He had seen the streets full of people. He had watched the worshippers at the temple and all. He had seen the pilgrims gather for their feasts, but now it's all silent. Now it's empty and the ways or the paths on the way to Jerusalem are mourning because no one is coming to the solemn feasts anymore. all of her gates are desolate (Lam 1:4): The gates of Jerusalem are interesting places because there is always so many people passing in and out of the gates. A lot of times in Jerusalem just... if you don't have anything to do, it's interesting just to go at the gates of the city and just watch the people come and go through the gates. They're always just bustling with activity, and now it's silent. The gates are desolate. her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, she is in bitterness. Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper, for the LORD hath afflicted her (Lam 1:4-5) And then he gives the reason: for the multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the enemy. And from the daughter of Zion all of her beauty is departed: her princes are become like harts that find no pasture, they are gone without strength before the pursuer. Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and her miseries all of her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her and did mock at her sabbaths. Jerusalem has grievously sinned; therefore she is removed (Lam 1:5-8): Again, not blaming God, which is so often our mistake when calamity comes. "Why did God allow this to happen to us?" But recognizing that the blame was upon the people because of their transgression and because they had grievously sinned against God. "Therefore she is removed." all that honored her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yea, she sighed, and turned backward. Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembered not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy has magnified himself. The adversary has spread out his hand upon all of her pleasant things: for she has seen the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation (Lam 1:8-10). And so the heathen came right into the temple, into the Holy of Holies and they destroyed the temple of God. A stranger wasn't to come within the sanctuary, and yet they have seen them come in and destroy it. All of her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile (Lam 1:11). They spent all of their money, actually, and given all of their treasures for bread. Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger. From above hath he set fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: and he hath made me desolate and faint all the day. The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whom I am not able to rise up. The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as a winepress. For these things I weep (Lam 1:12-16); Thus, the lamentation, the weeping of Jeremiah as he sees the destruction that has come, the mighty men destroyed, the virgins ravished by the enemy, the young men crushed and the young girls trodden. "For these things I weep." my eye runs down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed. Zion spread forth her hands, and there is none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, that his adversaries should be round about him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them. The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandments: hear, I pray you, all the people, and behold my sorrow, my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity (Lam 1:16-18). And so he sort of personifies Jerusalem, and lets Jerusalem cry out declaring the righteousness of God in judgment, "The Lord is righteous." For they were guilty of having rebelled against God. The Lord is always righteous in judgment, and yet it seems that that is an area where we always want to fault God. And we always hear sort of insinuations that God is unrighteous in judgment. "How can a God of love condemn a man to hell?" You know, and you've heard the rest of it. And the idea is that God is not really righteous when He judges. But that's one thing you can be certain of, and that is the righteousness of God in judgment. In the book of Revelation, as God is bringing His judgment upon the earth, there are voices that come from the altar saying, "Holy and true art Thy judgments, oh Lord." And then in one place where God turns the fresh water upon the earth to blood, there are voices that declare, "Oh, that's great. They shed the blood of Your saints so You've given them blood to drink," and testifying of the properness of that particular judgment that God brings upon the earth at that time. But God will judge. God has declared He will judge. And thus you can be sure that God is going to judge this world. God is going to judge the wicked. But God, when He judges the wicked, will be absolutely righteous in His judgment. People may complain about it now, but when God makes His judgment there can be no complaint, for the Lord is righteous. They had rebelled against the Lord. They rebelled against His commandment. He said, I called for my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and my elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls (Lam 1:19). They died of starvation while they were looking for food. Behold, O LORD, for I am in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home there is as death. They have heard that I sigh: there is none to comfort me: all my enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that you have done it: and thou will bring the day that thou has called, and they shall be like unto me. Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou has done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint (Lam 1:20-22). Chapter 2 The second lamentation: How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and he has cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger! The Lord has swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and has not pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strongholds of the daughter of Judah; he hath brought them down to the ground: he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. He has cut off in his fierce anger all of the horn of Israel: he has drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, he has burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devours round about. He has bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire (Lam 2:1-4). It must have been an awesome and a very traumatic experience to have seen the destruction that was wrecked upon Jerusalem by the Babylonian army. When, after eighteen months of siege, they finally broke into the city and began to slay with the sword. Even before they broke the walls and came in, people were already starving to death within the city. It was a horrible scene. Jeremiah can't get it out of his mind, the thoughts and the sights that he saw. They were imprinted in his mind. And now, as he sees it lying desolate, he reflects over these things. And he tells some of the things that were happening, and they are so horrible that they would make those kind of impressions in your mind that cause you to shudder whenever you think of them. And they are those mental images that you just can't seem to remove. As you see the people starving to death, falling on the streets, faint, weak, once mighty people, once a proud people, but now so defeated and destroyed. The Lord was as an enemy: he swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all of her palaces: he has destroyed the strongholds, he has increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. He hath violently taken away the tabernacle, as if it were of a garden; he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD has caused the solemn feasts and the sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. The Lord hath cast off his altar, he has abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up in the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of the solemn feast (Lam 2:5-7). That is, the enemies were in there cheering and yelling and all as they were destroying it, much as the voices and cheers and all that once went up in the days of their solemn feasts. The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he has not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. Her gates are sunk into the ground; he has destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes are now among the Gentiles: there is no more law; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD. The elders of the daughters of Zion sit on the ground, and keep silent: they have cast dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: and the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground. And my eyes do fail because of the tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured out upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city (Lam 2:7-11). It's almost more than he can bear. He sees these little children and little nursing babies fainting because of the lack of food. He sees them as they are swooning, just staggering through the streets. Young girls, their heads bowed down to the ground. The old men just sitting there staring blankly in sackcloth with dust, with dirt. They've just covered themselves with dirt and there is no place to go. There's no hope. It's all gone. The little children say to their mothers, Where is the corn and the wine? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom. What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea: who can heal thee? Your prophets have seen vain and foolish things for you: and they have not discovered your iniquity, to turn away your captivity; but they have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment. All that pass by clap their hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city that men call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? (Lam 2:12-15) Desolate, destroyed, ravaged city, once the perfection of beauty. Once the joy of the whole earth, and now it's being hissed at as people walk by, clapping their hands and shaking their heads. All of your enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss, gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed her up: certainly this is the day that we have looked for; we have found, and we have seen. The LORD hath done that which he had devised; he has fulfilled his word that he commanded in the days of old (Lam 2:12-17): God was faithful to His warnings. He had told them if they did not turn from their wickedness, if they did not turn from their idolatry, that He was going to bring their enemies against them and they would be destroyed. God has done that which He had purposed. he has fulfilled his word that he commanded in the days of old: he has thrown down, he's not pitied: he has caused your enemies to remove joy over thee, he has set up the horn of your adversaries [the power of your adversaries]. Their heart cried unto the Lord, O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a river day and night: give thyself no rest; let not the apple of thine eye cease (Lam 2:17-18). He's calling them for intercession to weep before God until God does a work again. Arise, cry out in the night: in the beginning of the watches pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord: lift up your hands toward him for the life of thy young children, that faint for hunger in the top of every street (Lam 2:19). "Isn't this enough," Jeremiah is saying, "to challenge you to seek God, to seek God all night long? Look at your little children swooning in the streets. Pray for them that God will somehow work His work again among the people." They were living in an extremely desperate time, but they were not yet really desperate before the Lord. They were just plain desperate, but really not seeking God. You wonder what will it take to cause men to really seek God, to really cry out? The Bible says, "The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much" (James 5:16). My mom tells me how that one time when I was a little kid and I was sick, and she came into the bedroom and laid hands on me, and I was running a fever. And she prayed, "Oh Lord, touch Charles, you know, and heal him." And when she was through praying, I said to her, "Mom, now pray like you really mean it." And I wonder how many times our prayers aren't just sort of perfunctory type of activities, you know. There is no real heart behind it. "The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much." God said to Jeremiah, "And in the day that you seek Me with your whole heart, in that day I will be found of you." And Jeremiah is saying, "Hey, go for it. Cry in the night, in the beginning of the watches, pour out your heart like water before the face of the Lord. Lift up your hands toward Him. At least for the life of the young children that are fainting for hunger on every street." Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this: Shall the women eat their fruit (Lam 2:20), That is, the women eat their own little babies, which they were doing. shall children be born who are only a span long? (Lam 2:20) The women were so malnourished that as their children were being born they were only seven or eight inches long at birth. Horrible. shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord? The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword; thou hast slain them in the day of your anger; you have killed, and not pitied. You have called us in a solemn day my terrors round about me, so that in the day of the LORD'S anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up hath my enemy consumed (Lam 2:20-22). Chapter 3 In this third lamentation he begins from the depth of depression and despair. He begins with hopelessness, and hopelessness is always the experience behind depression. Depression is the loss of hope, no way out, nothing I can do. Hopelessness leads to depression. I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath. He has led me, and brought me into darkness, but not into light (Lam 3:1-2). It seems like God has turned against the prophet. "I have seen the wrath of God. God's brought me into darkness, not into light." Surely against me is he turned; he's turned his hand against me all the day. My flesh and my skin hath he made old: he hath broken my bones. He's built against me, and circled me with gall and travail. He has set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old. He hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he has made my chain heavy. Also when I cry and shout, he shuts out my prayer (Lam 3:3-8). God isn't listening to my prayer. God seems to have closed every door of escape. There is no way out. I'm in the hole and there is no place to go. I'm in this darkness, and God isn't listening to my prayers. [It's like] he has enclosed me with hewn stone (Lam 3:9); That is, he's built a wall around me. and he's made my paths crooked. He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places. He has turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he has made me desolate. He has bent his bow, and set me as a mark (Lam 3:9-12). I'm a target for God's arrows. He has caused the arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins. I was a derision to all my people; and their song all the day. He has filled me with bitterness, he has made me drunken with wormwood. He has also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he has covered me with ashes. You have removed my soul far off from peace: I forgot prosperity. And I said, my strength and my hope is perished from the LORD: Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall. My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is humbled in me (Lam 3:9-20). Boy, that is about as low as you can get. That's the bottom, that's the pits. He's down, just the bottom. And out of the depths of his despair and depression, suddenly there is a dramatic change. That dramatic change is explained; the reason for it is explained in verse 21. In the midst of his hopelessness, in the midst of his despair, when it seems that all is forsaken, there is no way out, that God isn't even listening, and God isn't ready to help me, in the midst of this place of total despair, he said, This I recall to my mind, therefore I have hope (Lam 3:21). He changed his whole mindset. The Bible speaks about our renewing our minds. The Bible speaks about our bringing every thought into captivity unto the obedience of Jesus Christ. And we can think ourselves into a miserable mood. We can think ourselves into despair and hopelessness. You can think yourself into the grave. Or, by setting your mind upon the Lord, renewing your mind in Him, you can come into a whole new state of consciousness. No longer one of total despair and hopelessness, but one now of victory and hope. And that's what Jeremiah did. He changed the thought patterns from, "Oh, woe is me. Oh, this is the end. Oh, there is no hope. Oh, I've had it. Oh, there's no one to help. Oh, I'm boxed in," to thinking about the Lord. As we think about ourselves, we often become depressed, because none of us are all of what we would like to be. We, each of us, have a divergence between our ego and our super ego, the real me and the ideal me. Oh, but you see yourself in an ideal way. "This is what I really am," providing everything is all right. It's only because of these other factors that you see me like this, this nastiness isn't the real me. I'm very sweet, and generous, and kind, and benevolent, and loving, and marvelous, and a very lovable person. The person that you see is what has happened to me, because of, you know, what you've done. But that's not the real me, you see. So, there is this idealization, the ideal me, the super ego, and then there's the real me. Now if there is a vast difference between your super ego and your ego, then you're going to have real problems of mental instability. The more well adjusted a person is, is in measure to the distance between his ego and super ego. If your ego is close to your super ego, then you're a well adjusted person. If there is a wide divergence between your ego and super ego, then you're very maladjusted in your life. Now the psychologist says, "Bring your super ego down. You've got too high of ideals. You've got too high of standards. No one can live to those. You've got to lower your ideals." The Lord says, "Bring your ego up, through the power of the Spirit, through My help. Become the person that I want you to be. Receive My strength, receive My ability, and I will make you that person that is pleasing and glorifying unto God. That person who is loving, who is kind, who is compassionate, who is filled with joy." So, he came to a change of mental attitude. No longer thinking about himself, but now thinking about the Lord. It made such a great difference. Oh, if we could only get our minds off of ourselves and onto the Lord. In the times of discouragement, in the times of defeat, in the times of depression, if we could only get our minds off of ourselves and onto the Lord. That's the secret of the way out. Rather than wallowing in this self pity. Just get our minds and hearts... "Thou will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on Thee" (Isaiah 26:3). Keep your minds stayed on the Lord and God will keep you in perfect peace. Get your mind on yourself and you're going to have all kinds of turmoil and depression. [So when I recall to my mind,] this I recall to my mind (Lam 3:21), What does he recall to his mind? First of all, It's the LORD'S mercies that we're not consumed (Lam 3:22), Things are bad, but they could be worse. It's God's mercies that we're still here. The fact that I wake up in the morning is proof that God is merciful. You see, God is under no obligation to keep me around. It's only by His mercies that I've not been consumed. Secondly, because his compassions fail not (Lam 3:22). In First Corinthians 13, as Paul is describing agape, he said, "Love never fails." God's love never fails. God has never stopped loving you. God does not love you when you are good and hate you when you are bad. God's love for you is unchanging. It doesn't fail. God's love is continually being poured out upon your life. God's love is not contingent upon what you are, but upon what He is. "His compassions they fail not." Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. "Oh, I love you. You're my dream come true. I'd swim the Pacific to be by your side. I'd fly to the moon to be close to you. Yikes. You have bad breath. I change my mind." That's not true love. Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. We have in our minds, again, an idealization, the perfect man, the perfect woman. And we meet someone and fall in love, not with them but with our idealization. And when it comes that they don't meet up to the standards of our idealization, then we're no longer in love. That's ridiculous. You never were in love to begin with. Love is not love that alters when it alteration finds. Therefore, true love is hard to find among men. And that's using it in a generic sense, talking of the Homo Sapien. True love can only really be found with God. You see, He isn't deceived by an idealization. You haven't fooled Him with your smooth, suave manners: the opening of the doors, and the genteel, gallant ways. Hasn't deceived Him at all. He knows what a rat you are from the beginning. But He loves you; that's the amazing thing. "His compassions they fail not." And God knowing me as well as He knows me, still loving me is one of the great miracles. God's compassions fail not. He never stops loving you. You need to remember that. Now Jeremiah was thinking that God had forsaken him completely. "God's hedged me in. He's not listening to my prayers." But when he really adjusts his thinking, he knows that God's love is unfailing. God continues, never stops His loving me. They are new every morning (Lam 3:23): The mercy and the love of God, fresh every day. oh great is thy faithfulness (Lam 3:23). God is so faithful. As Jeremiah was looking at this devastated city, that desolation was a testimony of God's faithfulness. God had said to those people, "If you continue in your wickedness, if you continue in your idolatry, I am going to bring the Babylonian army against you, and they're going to destroy you, and they're going to break down the walls of this city. And those that aren't killed by the famine will be killed by the sword. And those that aren't killed by the sword will be killed by the pestilence. But I'm going to destroy you out of this holy mountain." And now God has kept His word and Jeremiah is looking at the faithfulness of God to His word. "Great is Thy faithfulness." God, You said You would do it, and You did it. Now the faithfulness of God can be a glorious thought and blessing, or it can be a horrendous thought. It all depends on what side you are. If you're a child of God, then God's faithfulness to His promises of that which He is going to do for His children, a believer in Jesus Christ, all that God has promised us. Oh, and we can rest and hope for God is faithful. He will do what He said. If you're not a child of God, then the faithfulness of God is an awesome prospect, because you can be sure that God will do exactly what He said He is going to do to all of the sinners, those that reject Him. "Great is Thy faithfulness." God is faithful in keeping His word. The LORD is my portion (Lam 3:24), Now he's thinking upon the faithfulness of God, the love of God, the mercies of God, and now, "The Lord is my portion." Everything else has been taken away. My house is destroyed. All of my possessions are gone. I've been stripped, but I have the Lord. And if I have the Lord, that's all I really need. The LORD is my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him (Lam 3:24). Those who do not have the Lord as their portion have very little hope. But my hope is in Him. The LORD is good unto them that wait for him, the soul that seeks him (Lam 3:25). If you'll wait upon God, if you'll seek God, God is good, so good to those that wait upon Him and seek Him. It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD (Lam 3:26). What else can I do? It is good for a man that he bears the yoke of his youth. He sits alone and keeps silence, because he has borne it upon him. He puts his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope. He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach (Lam 3:27-30). A prophecy of Jesus Christ in the midst of this, even as Christ always is there in the time of suffering to bear the burdens and the reproach that we bear for Him. The Lord will not cast off for ever (Lam 3:31): This judgment isn't going to last forever. This forsaking of the people by God isn't going to last forever. But though he has caused grief, yet he's going to have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies (Lam 3:32). God will change in His actions towards us. For he does not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men (Lam 3:33). In other words, it doesn't really please God to have to deal in such stringent ways with his children. I've often said, you can make it easy on yourself or make it hard on yourself. And any time you fight God, you're making it hard on yourself. That's the lesson that Jonah learned. He fought God and ended up in the belly of a whale in a miserable condition. Three days and three nights in that hot mammal. Ninety eight degrees with high humidity. He talks about the waves rolling over his head and the seaweed twined around him. Probably stinky at that. And when he came out of that horribly miserable experience, he shared the lesson that he learned. They that observe lying vanities, forsake their own mercies. If you think you can run from God or hide from God, you're only making it hard on yourself. You're heading for trouble. You're heading for misery. He thought he could hide from God. He thought he could run from God, that he could escape the call of God. It's a lie. There is no way. You're just going to be miserable, friend. Try to fight God; you're heading for misery. He doesn't afflict willingly. He doesn't want to lay the rod on you. He gets no delight in the chastising of His children, but because He loves us. He is faithful and will chastise. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth, To turn aside the right of a man before the face of the Most High, To subvert a man in his cause, the Lord approves not. Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commanded it not? Out of the mouth of the Most High proceeds not evil and good? (Lam 3:34-38) God doesn't talk out of both sides of His mouth. James speaks about the double minded man, unstable in all of his ways. Jesus speaks of how the same fountain cannot bring forth bitter and sweet waters. God doesn't speak both good and evil. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? (Lam 3:39) Rather than complain of the chastisement. Let us search and try our ways, and turn again unto the LORD. Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto the God in the heavens. For we have transgressed and have rebelled: and you have not pardoned. You have covered with anger, and persecuted us: and you have slain, and you have not pitied (Lam 3:40-43). And now he goes back into the dirge. You see, he came out for a while into the light. You have covered yourself with a cloud, that our prayers should not pass through (Lam 3:44). It seems like, you know, people say, "Well, it seems like, you know, the ceilings were of brass." But Jeremiah sees the, you know, like the prayers are just being closed off by a cloud between God and me. Thou has made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people. All of our enemies have opened their mouths against us. Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction. My eye runs down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people. My eye trickles down, and ceases not, without any intermission, Till the LORD looks down, and beholds from heaven. My eye affecteth my heart, because of all of the daughters of my city. My enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without cause. They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. Waters flowed over my head; then I said, I'm cut off. And I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon. And you have heard my voice: hide not your ear at my breathing, at my cry. For you drew near in the day that I called upon thee: and you said, Fear not. O Lord, thou has pleaded the causes of my soul; thou hast redeemed my life. O Lord, thou has seen my wrong: judge thou my cause. For thou has seen all their vengeance and their imaginations against me. You heard their reproach, O LORD, and all of the imaginations against me; The lips of those that rose up against me, and the device against me all the day. Behold their sitting down, their rising up; I am their music. Render unto them a recompense, O LORD, according to the work of their hands. Give them sorrow of heart, thy curse unto them. Persecute and destroy them in the anger from under the heavens of the LORD (Lam 3:45-66). Here again is sort of a David type of a prayer against his enemies. Jeremiah doesn't ask God to bless his enemies, but to really do them in. It is in the New Testament that Jesus taught us to bless those that curse you. Bless and curse not. Chapter 4 The fourth lamentation: How is the gold become dim! the most fine gold changed! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street. The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter! Even the sea monsters draw out the breast, and they give suck to their young ones (Lam 4:1-3): The mammals in the sea nurse their little ones. the daughter of my people is become cruel, like the ostriches of the wilderness (Lam 4:3). Now, the ostrich totally forsakes its eggs. It lays its eggs and leaves them; it has nothing to do with the raising of its kids, just has no concern. Doesn't even know the eggs ever hatched and doesn't really care if the egg ever hatched. It just lays its eggs in the sand and that's it, forgets all about them. If they make it, they make it on their own. The mother ostrich has no mothering instincts. But the mammals in the sea nurse the little ones. But the daughter of my people, the young mothers in Jerusalem had become like ostriches in that they weren't concerned with their offspring anymore. The tongue of the nursing child cleaves to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask for bread, and no man breaks it unto them. They that did feed delicately (Lam 4:4-5) Those that used to dine at Gulliver's are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills. For the punishment of the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the punishment of the sin of Sodom, because at least they were overthrown in a moment [they were destroyed], no hands stayed on her (Lam 4:4-6). Theirs was an instant death. That is much better than death by starvation. Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing was of sapphire (Lam 4:7): The young men who had made their commitments, the Nazarite vows to God, but now, Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin is cleaving to their bones (Lam 4:8); They're like walking skeletons. it is withered, it is become like a stick. They that are slain with the sword are really better off than those that are slain with hunger: for these pine away, stricken through for the want of the fruits of the field. The hands of the pitiful women have boiled their own children: and they were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my people. The LORD has accomplished his fury, he has poured out his fierce anger, he has kindled a fire in Zion, and it has devoured the foundations thereof. The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the world, would not have believed that the adversary and the enemy should have entered into the gates of Jerusalem (Lam 4:7-12). It was thought to be impregnable. It sits there on the hill with the walls around it. They thought that the city was impregnable. The inhabitants of the earth would never have believed that Jerusalem could be taken. And yet it is now destroyed. For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her, They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments. They cried unto them, Depart ye; it is unclean; depart, depart, don't touch: when they fled away and wondered, they said among the heathen, They shall no more sojourn there. The anger of the LORD hath divided them; he will no more regard them: they respected not the persons of the priests, they favored not the elders. As for us, our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save us. They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in the streets: our end is near, our days are fulfilled; for our end is come. Our persecutors are swifter than eagles of heaven: they have pursued us on the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness. The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen. Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom [that is their perennial enemy], that dwells in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shall make thyself naked. The punishment of thine iniquity is accomplished, O daughter of Zion; he will no more carry thee away into captivity: he will visit thine iniquity, O daughter of Edom; he will discover thy sins (Lam 4:13-22). So Edom is rejoicing, but just wait, yours is coming. Chapter 5 Fifth lamentation: Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us: consider, and behold our reproach. Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens. We are orphans, fatherless, our mothers are as widows. We have drunken our water for money (Lam 5:1-4); We had to pay for a drink of water. and our wood is sold to us. Our necks are under persecution: we labor, we have no rest. We have given the hand to the Egyptians and to the Assyrians, to be satisfied with bread. Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities. Servants have ruled over us: there is none that doth deliver us out of their hand. We got our bread with the peril of our lives, because of the sword of the wilderness. Our skin was black like an oven, because of the terrible famine (Lam 5:4-10). As a result of the starvation that the skin just turning black and leathery. They ravished the women in Zion, and the maids in the cities of Judah (Lam 5:11). The enemies had come in. It must have been a horrible thing. The fathers to see their wives and their young daughters ravished by the enemy, raped and all and then murdered. Princes have been hung by their thumbs: the faces of elders were not honored. They took the young men to grind in bondage, and the children had to carry the wood. The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music. The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning. The crown is fallen from our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned! For this our heart is faint; for these things our eyes are dim. Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon it. Thou, O LORD, remains for ever; thy throne from generation to generation. Wherefore does thou forget us for ever, and forsake us so long a time? Turn thou us unto thee, O LORD, and we shall be turned; renew our days as of old (Lam 5:12-21). Therein is the answer, "Oh God, turn our hearts to Thee. Renew that relationship that we once had with You." You remember Jesus said to the church of Ephesus, "I have this against thee, in that you have left your first love. Remember from whence you have fallen and repent and do thy first works over." Oh God, return us to that first love. Lord, return us unto thee. But he ends with a sad note of dejection. But thou hast utterly rejected us; thou art very angry against us (Lam 5:22). What a sad, tragic book that never needed to be written had the people only hearkened unto the voice of God. This whole black period of history needed not to be. God warned them over and over and over again. He sent His prophets, warning them over and over of the destruction that was going to come, but they would not give heed to the word of God or to the warnings from God. But God is faithful, and that which God declared He did. And today God is warning this world of His judgment, which is going to fall. And that which happened to Jerusalem is going to happen to this whole godless world. There is coming a devastation, a holocaust, such as the world has never seen before or will ever see again. Jesus in describing the days that are coming said, "And in that day, there shall be a Great Tribulation such as the world has never seen before or will ever see again." The only safe place for you to be is in Christ. If you are in Christ He will keep you from that hour that is coming upon the earth. But if you're outside of Christ, as in Hebrews, "There remains only that fearful looking forward to the fiery indignation of God's wrath which will devour His adversaries. For if he who despised Moses' law was put to death, of how much worse punishment do you suppose he is accounted worthy who has trodden under foot the Son of God? And is accounted the blood of His covenant, wherewith he was sanctified an unholy thing and has done despite to the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who has said, 'It is a fearful thing to fall in the hands of a living God'" (Hebrews 10:27-31). God has promised His judgment is going to come upon this wicked world. God is faithful and will keep His promise. But Jesus said, "Pray ye always that you'll be accounted worthy to escape all of these things and to stand before the Son of man" (Luke 21:36). And I am praying and believing God to answer my prayer that I will escape this great time of tribulation when the wrath of God is poured out upon the earth, and I expect to be standing before the Son of man when it all happens. Book of Revelation, chapter 5, "And there was in the right hand of Him that sat upon the throne, a scroll with writing within and without and sealed with seven seals. And I heard the angels say with a great voice, 'Who is worthy to take the scroll and loose the seals thereof?' And I, John began to weep, sob convulsively because no one was found worthy to take the scroll or to loose the seals. And the elder said unto me, 'Weep not, behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah hath prevailed to take the scroll and to loose the seals.' And I turned and I saw Him as a Lamb that had been slaughtered. And He came forth and took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat upon the throne. And the twenty four elders brought forth their golden vials full of odors, which were the prayers of the saints. And they offered them before the throne of God and they sang a new song saying, 'Worthy is the Lamb to take the scroll and loose the seals, for He was slain and has redeemed us by His blood. Out of every nation and tribe, and tongue and people, and He has made us unto our God, kings and priests and we're going to reign with Him on the earth'" (Revelation 5:1-10). You see, that's where I plan to be. Standing before the Son of God, singing of the worthiness of the Lamb who died for me, who has redeemed me from among the families of the people on the earth. Only the redeemed church can sing that song. Angels can't sing that song; they haven't been redeemed by the blood of Jesus. That's not the song of Israel, because they come from all of the nations and family of people on the earth. That's the song of the redeemed church before the throne of God. Angels can sing the chorus. They do. A hundred million join in, plus millions of others, as they say, "Worthy is the Lamb to receive glory and honor and dominion and might and power and authority." They join the chorus, but they can't sing the verse, that's yours. "And when He loosed the first seal, I heard a voice that said, 'Come,' and I saw a white horse and his rider going forth upon the earth, conquering and to conquer" (Revelation 6:1-2). There begins the Great Tribulation. And he begins then from chapter 6 on through to chapter 18 describing the events that are going to take place upon the earth when God judges man for their wickedness and for their sin. God is faithful. He's going to do it. There is only one safe place for anyone to be. That's in Christ Jesus. I'm glad I'm there. I don't expect to be any place else. I don't want to be. Why should I be? I'm so happy here in Christ. Shall we pray. Father, we thank You for that secret place abiding in the presence of the Almighty, dwelling in Christ. Oh, Father, how we thank You that You have provided for us a place of refuge, safety in Christ. Lord, I pray for those that are here tonight who are not in Christ. Oh God, may they seriously consider the faithfulness of God, even as He kept His word and destroyed Jerusalem, so will He keep His word and judge this world. For God is faithful. Lord, may we turn from our sin, from our idolatries, from our wicked ways, and may we serve the Lord with our whole heart. In Jesus' name we pray. Amen. If you're not sure that you're a child of God, I wouldn't leave this place tonight until I was. I mean, I'm serious. We're living in desperate days. And really as Jeremiah exhorts, it's time really that we just not cease in prayer unto God. For the people round about us, we will make intercession for our nation, for each other, for these are truly the last days, and Satan is going about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. And he's ripping off an awful lot of those from the church. Leading them into life, a life of sin. A life of self seeking, living after pleasure, and walking after the flesh. And the mind of the flesh is death. I wouldn't leave tonight until I had a deep assurance that things are square between God and me. You can go back to the prayer room as soon as we're dismissed. Some of the pastors will go back there and pray with you. God bless, God keep, and may God lay upon your heart the awareness of the day and the hour in which we live, and the need of an all out effort in our service for Jesus Christ. And may the Lord use you in a very special way, as His instrument to bring His love to this needy world. In Jesus' name.

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8. Genesis 47-50 (Jacob Meets Pharaoh, Blesses Joseph’s Sons, Blesses His Own Sons & Dies)

Genesis 47-50 (Jacob Meets Pharaoh, Blesses Joseph’s Sons, Blesses His Own Sons & Dies)

Genesis 47 - Jacob Meets Pharaoh; the Family Settles In Egypt A. Jacob meets Pharaoh. 1. (1-4) The brothers ask for the land of Goshen. Then Joseph went and told Pharaoh, and said, “My father and my brothers, their flocks and their herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan; and indeed they are in the land of Goshen.” And he took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and also our fathers.” And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to dwell in the land, because your servants have no pasture for their flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.” 2. (5-6) Pharaoh gives them the best of the land. Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Have your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen. And if you know any competent men among them, then make them chief herdsmen over my livestock.” a. Dwell in the best of the land: This blessing was all because of Joseph. He saved Egypt - and much of the world - from terrible famine, and now the whole family of Israel was blessed and received an inheritance because of Joseph. 3. (7-10) Jacob blesses Pharaoh. Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and set him before Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How old are you?” And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.” So Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh. a. The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years: Jacob confessed he was on a pilgrimage. He knew that his real home was somewhere else: heaven. b. Few and evil have been the days of the years of my life: This was not a cynical statement by Jacob. He recognized that the general character of his life (lived in the flesh) and the length of his life did not compare both to eternity and to the lives of his ancestors. c. So Jacob blessed Pharaoh: Pharaoh acknowledged Jacob was a man of God by accepting his blessing. In the Egyptian religion, Pharaoh himself was thought to be a god. They considered Pharaoh the human embodiment of Ra, the sun god. This means that it was remarkable that he allowed Israel to bestow a blessing on him. 4. (11-12) Israel takes the best of the land. And Joseph situated his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. Then Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with bread, according to the number in their families. a. Joseph situated his father and his brothers: The family of Israel looked to Joseph, and Joseph only, as their source of provision and supply. B. Joseph deals with the famine. 1. (13-14) In the early years of the famine, money poured into the treasury of Egypt, because it was the only place to buy food. Now there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. 2. (15-26) In the later years of the famine, Joseph arranged ways for the people to purchase food with whatever they have to give. So when the money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence? For the money has failed.” Then Joseph said, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the cattle of the herds, and for the donkeys. Thus he fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year. When that year had ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is gone; my lord also has our herds of livestock. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands. Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants of Pharaoh; give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land may not be desolate.” Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for every man of the Egyptians sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s. And as for the people, he moved them into the cities, from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other end. Only the land of the priests he did not buy; for the priests had rations allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their rations which Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did not sell their lands. Then Joseph said to the people, “Indeed I have bought you and your land this day for Pharaoh. Look, here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land. And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households and as food for your little ones.” So they said, “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, that Pharaoh should have one-fifth, except for the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s. a. So the land became Pharaoh’s: In the process, the power and wealth of Pharaoh was multiplied greatly. In times of national crisis the power of central government often increases. b. In the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh: Joseph wasn’t unfair. He fed the people when they would have starved, and in return asked for one-fifth (20%) annually from the produce of the land. Many people today would be happy with only 20% in total taxes. C. Israel anticipates his death. 1. (27) The multiplication of the family of Israel. So Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly. a. Grew and multiplied exceedingly: This was certainly true. In some 400 years, they became a nation of some two million or more people. b. Multiplied exceedingly: Henry Morris calculated the initial group of five (Jacob and his four wives) grew into a clan of about 100 in 50 years (the 100 includes the 70 of Genesis 46:27 plus a few wives of the sons not mentioned and grandchildren). That is a growth rate of just over 6% per year. At that rate, there would be several million descendants by the time of the Exodus 430 years later. 2. (28-31) Israel makes Joseph vow to bury him in Canaan. And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. So the length of Jacob’s life was one hundred and forty-seven years. When the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Now if I have found favor in your sight, please put your hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me. Please do not bury me in Egypt, but let me lie with my fathers; you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.” Then he said, “Swear to me.” And he swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed. a. Please do not bury me in Egypt, but let me lie with my fathers: Israel knew Egypt was not his home. He belonged in the land promised to he and his descendants. He clearly believed and understood he was the inheritor of Abraham’s covenant. Genesis 48 - Jacob Blesses Joseph’s Sons A. Jacob calls for his sons. 1. (1-4) Jacob’s remembers God’s promise. Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. And Jacob was told, “Look, your son Joseph is coming to you”; and Israel strengthened himself and sat up on the bed. Then Jacob said to Joseph: “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people, and give this land to your descendants after you as an everlasting possession.’ “ a. God Almighty appeared to me at Luz: Luz is another name for Bethel, where Jacob first met God. Jacob vividly remembered this outstanding encounter with the Lord. b. Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you: Jacob’s phrasing is reminiscent of exact promises God made to Abraham in Genesis 17 (see Genesis 17:2, 17:6, and 17:8). Abraham was careful to pass down the exact words of God’s covenant with him to the inheritors of the covenant, because the exact words of God were important. 2. (5-6) Jacob adopts Joseph’s sons as his own. “And now your two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. Your offspring whom you beget after them shall be yours; they will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.” a. As Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine: Reuben and Simeon were the first and second born of Israel. Jacob received the two sons of Joseph as adopted into the family at the highest level (as if they were the first and second born). i. And, perhaps, they were something like replacements for Reuben and Simeon, who were in a sense disqualified from positions of status and leadership in Israel’s family because of their sin (Genesis 34:25, 35:22). b. They shall be mine: Jacob’s adoption of Manasseh and Ephraim explains why there are 12 tribes often listed in different combinations. Because of this adoption, there were actually 13 sons of Israel. The 12 were born, but Joseph was divided into two tribes. i. Therefore as the tribes are listed through the Old Testament, they can be arranged different ways and still remain 12 tribes. There are more than 20 different ways of listing the tribes in the Old Testament. ii. As a number, 12 is often associated with government or administration in God’s eyes. There are 12 tribes, 12 apostles, 12 princes of Ishmael, 12 pillars on Moses’ altar, 12 stones on the high priest’s breastplate, 12 cakes of showbread, 12 silver platters, silver bowls, and gold pans for the service of the tabernacle, 12 spies to search out the land, 12 memorial stones, 12 governors under Solomon, 12 stones in Elijah’s altar, 12 in each group of musicians and singers for Israel’s worship, 12 hours in a day, 12 months in a year, 12 Ephesian men filled with the Holy Spirit, 12,000 from 12 tribes sealed and preserved through the tribulation, heaven has 12 gates of 12 pearls, and 12 angels at the gates, the New Jerusalem has 12 foundations, each with the names of the 12 apostles of the Lamb, it’s length, breadth, and height are all 12,000 furlongs, and the tree of life in heaven has 12 fruits. The number 12 is special to God. 3. (7) Jacob concludes his testimony with an eye to his soon death. “But as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).” B. Jacob blesses Manasseh and Ephraim. 1. (8-12) Jacob calls for Joseph’s sons, to bless them. Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?” And Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.” And he said, “Please bring them to me, and I will bless them.” Now the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them near him, and he kissed them and embraced them. And Israel said to Joseph, “I had not thought to see your face; but in fact, God has also shown me your offspring!” So Joseph brought them from beside his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth. a. These are my sons, whom God has given me in this place: We remember that the names of Joseph’s sons were Manasseh (the firstborn) and Ephraim (the younger). The name Manasseh means forgetfulness, and the name Ephraim means fruitfulness (Genesis 41:51-52). b. He bowed down with his face to the earth: Joseph lived his own life as a high official of Egypt for many years, and had no contact with his father during that time. Yet it did not diminish the reverence he had towards his father. 2. (13-14) Jacob puts the favored hand on the second-born, despite Joseph’s efforts. And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near him. Then Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands knowingly, for Manasseh was the firstborn. a. Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand: The right hand in the Bible always has the idea of the favored position because generally speaking, the right hand is the hand of strength and skill. i. The right hand is associated with God’s strength (Exodus 15:6), favor (Psalm 16:11), and help (Psalm 20:6). This is why Jesus is described as sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Mark 14:62). b. Guiding his hands knowingly: Israel knew exactly what he intended to do. He deliberately chose the second-born to receive a greater blessing than the firstborn. 3. (15-16) The blessing of Jacob upon Manasseh and Ephraim. And he blessed Joseph, and said: “God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has fed me all my life long to this day, the Angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; let my name be named upon them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.” a. And he blessed Joseph: Israel gave the same blessing to both sons, but the son of the right hand received a greater proportion of the blessing. i. This was fulfilled in Israel’s history. Both tribes were blessed, but Ephraim was greater as a tribe, even to the point where the name Ephraim was used to refer to the whole northern nation of Israel (see examples in Isaiah 7:8, 7:17, and 11:13). b. The God who has fed me all my life long to this day: Jacob’s testimony was a testimony of grace, not personal merit. He did not say how faithful he was to God, but how faithful God was to him. i. The phrase, “the God who has fed me” is literally “The God who has shepherded me.” This is the first mention in the Bible of God as a shepherd to His people. 4. (17-20) Jacob answers Joseph’s objection about the order of blessing. Now when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; so he took hold of his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.” But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations.” So he blessed them that day, saying, “By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ “ And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh. a. This one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head: As the two sons of Joseph stood before Israel, the older (Manasseh) was before Israel’s right hand and the younger (Ephraim) was before Israel’s left hand. Joseph positioned them intentionally so the older could receive the right hand blessing according to custom. Yet Isaac deliberately crossed his hands and put his right hand on Ephraim’s head and his left hand on Manasseh’s head. b. For this one is the firstborn…truly his younger brother shall be greater than he: Ephraim was not the firstborn but God chose him to take the position of firstborn. Jeremiah 31:9 described this: For I am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn (Jeremiah 31:9). i. This shows how the idea of firstborn in the Bible is often a position of pre-eminence, not necessarily meaning “first out of the womb.” ii. David had the position of firstborn, even though he was the youngest son (1 Samuel 16:11 and Psalm 89:27). iii. Jesus has the pre-eminent position of firstborn (Colossians 1:15), though this does not mean Jesus was literally the first “born” creature of God, because Jesus was not created. 5. (21-22) Jacob makes a personal bequest to Joseph. Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers. Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.” a. Behold, I am dying: This was truly a passing of the torch from Israel to Joseph. Israel was the last of the three great patriarchs to pass from the scene. i. “If Abraham dies, there is Isaac; and if Isaac dies, there is Jacob; and if Jacob dies, there is Joseph; and if Joseph dies, Ephraim and Manasseh survive. The Lord shall never lack a champion to bear his standard high among the sons of men. Only let us pray God to raise up more faithful ministers day and night. We have plenty of a sort, but, oh, for more that will weigh out sixteen ounces to the pound of gospel in such a way that people will receive it. We have too much of fine language, too much of florid eloquence, and little full and plain gospel preaching, but God will keep up the apostolic succession, never fear of that. When Stephen is dying, Paul is not far off. When Elijah is taken up, he leaves his mantle behind him.” (Spurgeon) b. One portion above your brothers: This referred to Joseph being father of two tribes, while each of his brothers only fathered one. c. Which I took from the hand of the Amorite: Apparently, while still in Canaan, Jacob battled for control of a portion of land from the Amorites, and he deeded the land to Joseph and his descendants. The descendants of Joseph would take this land some 400 years later. d. God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers: This completed a wonderful work regarding Jacob’s recognition of God’s presence his life. · I am with you (Genesis 28:15): God gives the young believer every possible assurance of His presence and grace · I will be with you (Genesis 31:3): God expects the growing believer to trust He will be with us, even when we only have the promise of His presence · God…has been with me (Genesis 31:5): God gives a glorious testimony to the mature believer, able to say how God has been with us, even when we haven’t felt His presence in the way we wished · God will be with you (Genesis 48:21): God gives the mature believer the opportunity to encourage others with the promise of God’s presence C. Joseph as a picture of Jesus (list continued from the end of Genesis 41). 35. His brethren were driven out of their own land. 36. In his second appearing, he did not first go to his brothers; they came to him. 37. He knew his brethren even while unknown and unrecognized by them. 38. He blessed his brethren without their knowledge. 39. He wanted all of his brethren to come to him. 40. There was a significant time gap between his initial relationship with his brothers and his second relationship to his brothers. 41. He his brothers a way of deliverance through substitution. 42. His “second coming” to his brothers had two appearances. He made himself known to his brethren at his second appearing to them. 43. He was revealed as a man of compassion. 44. His brothers repented of rejecting him, with great wonder and tears. 45. He allowed no fellowship (as in eating together) until his brothers repented and he revealed himself. 46. His brethren went forth to proclaim his glory. 47. He made provision for his brethren. 48. He prepared a place for his brethren, and he received them into it. 49. He brought Jew and Gentile together in the land. Genesis 49 - The Blessing of the Sons of Jacob A. The cryptic blessings. 1. (1-2) What will befall the sons of Jacob in the last days. And Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in the last days: Gather together and hear, you sons of Jacob, And listen to Israel your father.” a. Jacob called his sons: Jacob, in what amounted to his last significant act as a patriarch and as the heir to Abraham and Isaac, will here pronounce one-by-one a blessing upon each son. b. What shall befall you in the last days: Some of what follows are not so much blessings as they are prophecies regarding what God will do with these tribes in the future. i. This is the first conscious prophecy spoken by man in the Bible. There were many prophecies announced by God (such as the promise of the triumph of the seed of the woman in Genesis 3:15), and other veiled prophecies by men, but this is the first knowing prophecy of the Bible. ii. Jewish traditions tell us that as Jacob was about to bless his sons he was ready to tell them the “great secret concerning the end of time.” But at that moment, the glory of God visited and left just as quickly, taking all trace of the knowledge of the great mystery, so he couldn’t tell them. Again, just an interesting legend. c. You sons of Jacob, and listen to Israel your father: At the very beginning of the blessing, Jacob realized he was both Jacob and Israel, and his sons are sons of each. This was a place of spiritual maturity, realizing both what God made him (Israel) and what he had to battle against (Jacob). 2. (3-4) Reuben: You shall not excel. “Reuben, you are my firstborn, My might and the beginning of my strength, The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power. Unstable as water, you shall not excel, Because you went up to your father’s bed; Then you defiled it; He went up to my couch.” a. You are my firstborn: As the firstborn of the family Reuben had claim to the inheritance rights of the firstborn, but he forfeited it through pride (the excellency of dignity) and immorality (you defiled it). i. Reuben’s immorality with his father’s concubine Bilhah (the mother of his brothers Dan and Naphtali) is recorded in Genesis 35:22. b. Unstable as water, you shall not excel: Because of Reuben’s instability the birthright was divided. Usually the firstborn was the spiritual and social leader of the clan; but among the sons of Israel the rights of blessing, priesthood, and ruling authority were divided rather than being centralized in one. i. Though we see the great wisdom of God in decentralizing authority among the sons of Israel, Reuben paid a high price for his instability. As much as anything, God looks for stable character in those who will lead His people. c. You shall not excel: The tribe of Reuben never did excel. No prophet, no judge, or no king came from the tribe of Reuben. Reuben is an example of how the first can be last (Matthew 19:30). 3. (5-7) Simeon and Levi: I will…scatter them in Israel. “Simeon and Levi are brothers; Instruments of cruelty are in their dwelling place. Let not my soul enter their council; Let not my honor be united to their assembly; For in their anger they slew a man, And in their self-will they hamstrung an ox. Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; And their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob And scatter them in Israel.” a. Simeon and Levi are brothers: The second-born son Simeon and the third-born son Levi received the same blessing for the same evil deed. They were instruments of cruelty when they wiped out all the men of Shechem in retaliation for the rape of their sister Dinah (Genesis 34:25-29). i. Jacob, perhaps in weakness, did nothing at the time except register a small, self-centered complaint (Genesis 34:30). Yet he (and the Lord) remembered this event. This illustrates the principle that the sins of our past can come back and haunt us. Even when forgiven, they may carry consequences we must face for a lifetime. b. Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce: The real problem with Simeon and Levi was their anger (in their anger they slew a man). Their anger was sin because it was rooted in self-will (in their self-will they hamstrung an ox). i. The Bible speaks of a godly anger (Be angry and do not sin, Ephesians 4:26) and an ungodly anger (Let all bitterness, wrath, anger…be put away from you, Ephesians 4:31). Often, the difference between a godly, righteous anger and an ungodly anger is self-will. c. I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel: The prophecy of dividing and scattering turned out to be a curse for Simeon. The tribe of Simeon was the weakest numerically of the 12 (Numbers 26:14) and shared an allotment of land with Judah (Joshua 19:1). i. The tribe of Simeon became small during the wilderness wanderings. They started out from Egypt being the third largest tribe (Numbers 1:23), but some 35 years later, at the second wilderness census of Israel, 63% of the tribe perished and they became the smallest tribe (Numbers 26:14). d. I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel: The prophecy of dividing and scattering became a blessing for Levi. Because of the faithfulness of this tribe during the rebellion of the golden calf (Exodus 32:26-28), it was scattered as a blessing throughout the whole nation of Israel. They received no large tract of land, for the Lord was their inheritance, not land (Joshua 13:33). i. So both Simeon and Levi were scattered, but one as a blessing and the other as a curse. ii. The American author Washington Irving said: “It lightens the stroke to draw near to him who handles the rod.” When we suffer from our sin, we should draw near to God and anticipate that in mercy He will turn suffering into blessing. 4. (8-12) Judah: The scepter shall not depart from Judah. “Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk.” a. Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise: Judah wasn’t a completely exemplary character. He suggested a profit motive in getting rid of Joseph (Genesis 37:26). He did not deal faithfully with his daughter-in-law Tamar (Genesis 38:26), and he had sex with her as a prostitute (Genesis 38:18). But he showed good character when he interceded and offered himself as a substitute for Joseph (Genesis 44:18-34). Overall, this blessing is an example of the richness of God’s grace. i. Jewish tradition says after Judah heard what Jacob had to say to Reuben, Simeon, and Levi, he was afraid because of the evil he did. b. You are he whom your brothers shall praise…as a lion…the scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet…to Him shall be the obedience of the people: Each of these refer to the ruling position Judah will have among his brethren. He inherited the leadership aspect of the firstborn’s inheritance. This leadership position among his brothers meant that the eventual kings of Israel would come from Judah and that the Messiah – God’s ultimate leader – would eventually come from the tribe of Judah. i. In Revelation 5:5, Jesus is called the Lion of the tribe of Judah. ii. “The firstborn normally had two rights. First, he became the leader of the family, the new patriarch. Second, he was entitled to a double share of the inheritance, receiving twice as much as any of the other brothers.” (Boice) c. Until Shiloh comes: The leadership prophecy took some 640 years to fulfill in part with the reign of David, first of Judah’s dynasty of kings. The prophecy took some 1600 years to completely fulfill in Jesus. Jesus is referred to as Shiloh, the name meaning, He whose right it is and a title anciently understood to speak of the Messiah. i. From David until the Herods, a prince of Judah was head over Israel (even Daniel in captivity). The promise was that Israel would keep this scepter until Shiloh comes. Even under their foreign masters during this period, Israel had a limited right to self-rule, until a.d. 7. At that time, under Herod and the Romans, their right to capital punishment – a small but remaining element of their self-governance – was taken away. ii. At the time, the rabbis considered it a disaster of unfulfilled Scripture. Seemingly, the last vestige of the scepter had passed from Judah, and they did not see the Messiah. Reportedly, rabbis walked the streets of Jerusalem and said, “Woe unto us, for the scepter has been taken away from Judah, and Shiloh has not come.” Yet God’s word had not been broken. iii. Certainly, Jesus was alive then. Perhaps this was the very year He was 12 years old and discussed God’s Word in the temple with the scholars of His day. Perhaps He impressed them with His understanding of this very issue. d. Binding his donkey to the vine: This blessing also contained a description of Judah’s material abundance (the vine…the choice vine). Judah’s land was great wine-growing country. 5. (13) Zebulun: A haven for ships. “Zebulun shall dwell by the haven of the sea; He shall become a haven for ships, And his border shall adjoin Sidon.” a. Zebulun: Jacob now skipped the birth order, moving to the tenth-born and ninth-born sons, but keeping his focus on the sons born of Leah. i. The tribe of Zebulun was noted for its faithfulness to David, supplying the largest number of soldiers to David’s army of any single tribe: Of Zebulun there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted men who could keep ranks (1 Chronicles 12:33). b. He shall become a haven for ships: The tribe of Zebulun seems to have settled the piece of land sitting between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sea of Galilee. Literally, shall dwell by the haven of the sea can be translated looking towards the sea. Zebulun did look to the sea, both to the east and west. 6. (14-15) Issachar: A strong donkey. “Issachar is a strong donkey, Lying down between two burdens; He saw that rest was good, And that the land was pleasant; He bowed his shoulder to bear a burden, And became a band of slaves.” a. Issachar is a strong donkey: Issachar was a large tribe - third in size according to the Numbers 26 census. b. And became a band of slaves: Because of their size and abundance, they were often targets of oppressive foreign armies who put them into servitude. Thus, they became a band of slaves. i. “The meaning seems to be that Issachar was strong, but docile and lazy. He would enjoy the good land assigned him but would not strive for it. Therefore, eventually he would be pressed into servitude and the mere bearing of burdens for his masters.” (Leupold) 7. (16-18) Dan: A serpent by the way. “Dan shall judge his people As one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, A viper by the path, That bites the horse’s heels So that its rider shall fall backward. I have waited for your salvation, O Lord!” a. Dan shall judge his people: The tribe of Dan did judge his people. They supplied one of the most prominent of the Judges, Samson (Judges 13:2). b. Dan shall be a serpent by the way: Dan was a troublesome tribe. They introduced idolatry into Israel (Judges 18:30). Jeroboam set up one of his idolatrous golden calves in Dan (1 Kings 12:26-30) and later Dan became a center of idol worship in Israel (Amos 8:14). i. Some think the serpent by the way refers to the idea that the Antichrist would come from the tribe of Dan (based on Daniel 11:37 and Jeremiah 8:16). ii. Dan is left out of the listing of tribes regarding the 144,000 in Revelation 7:5-8. But Dan is the first tribe listed in Ezekiel’s millennial roll call of the tribes (Ezekiel 48). This is a remarkable sign of God’s redemption. c. I have waited for your salvation, O Lord: The Hebrew word for salvation is “yeshuwah.” At this point in the prophecy, when Jacob was near death, he called out for God’s salvation. Knowingly or not, Jacob called out for Jesus. 8. (19) Gad: He shall triumph at last. “Gad, a troop shall tramp upon him, But he shall triumph at last.” a. Gad: The tribe of Gad supplied many fine troops for David (1 Chronicles 12:14). b. A troop shall tramp upon him: In the days of Jeremiah (among other times) foreign armies oppressed Gad (Jeremiah 49:1). 9. (20) Asher: He shall yield royal dainties. “Bread from Asher shall be rich, And he shall yield royal dainties.” a. Bread from Asher shall be rich: In Deuteronomy 33:24, Moses again took up this prophecy regarding Asher: Asher is most blessed of sons; let him be favored by his brothers, and let him dip his foot in oil. b. He shall yield royal dainties: Apparently, the land eventually occupied by Asher was good enough to bring not only necessities, but also luxuries. 10. (21) Naphtali: He gives goodly words. “Naphtali is a deer let loose; He uses beautiful words.” a. Naphtali: Naphtali’s land was in a key portion near the Sea of Galilee, the region where Jesus did much of His teaching and ministry. i. Now when Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, He departed to Galilee. And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, by the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, and upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death light has dawned” (Matthew 4:12-16). b. He uses beautiful words: Because so much of the ministry of Jesus took place in the region of Naphtali, this was fittingly said of him. 11. (22-26) Joseph: A fruitful bough. “Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a well; His branches run over the wall. The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him. But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), By the God of your father who will help you, And by the Almighty who will bless you With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of your father Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.” a. Joseph is a fruitful bough: This was both a description of Joseph’s life and a personal blessing concerning his descendants. In a sense, Joseph’s tribes were already blessed when his sons received their blessing in Genesis 48. b. The archers have bitterly grieved him: Though Joseph was shot at and hated, he was still a fruitful bough. This was because the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob. The idea is that God’s hands were on Joseph’s hands, giving him strength and skill to work the bow expertly. God was there, even when Joseph did not know it. c. The Almighty who will bless you: Joseph was certainly blessed in his posterity. His tribes were some of the most populous. In this sense, he received the material blessing, the double portion aspect of the inheritance of the firstborn. d. The blessings of your father have excelled the blessings of my ancestors: Jacob could say this because he was, for much of his life, a scoundrel. Now at the end of his days, he saw just how good God was to him. He was forgiven much and loved much (Luke 7:47). e. The Mighty God of Jacob: In his words about Joseph, Jacob listed five great titles for God. These titles show that Jacob did come to an understanding of who God is. · The Mighty God of Jacob · The Shepherd · The Stone of Israel · The God of your father · The Almighty i. This is much better than when Jacob referred to God as the God of Abraham or the Fear of his father Isaac (Genesis 31:53). Now he knows who God is for himself. 12. (27) Benjamin: a ravenous wolf. “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; In the morning he shall devour the prey, And at night he shall divide the spoil.” a. Benjamin is a ravenous wolf: This was the tribe with a reputation for fierceness. b. He shall devour the prey: To see the great extent of this, look at Ehud (Judges 3:15-23), Saul (1 Samuel 9:1, 14:47-52), and Paul (Acts 8:1-3). The cruelty of the tribe in general is seen in Judges 19 and 20. 13. (28) Jacob concludes his blessing of the sons. All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them. And he blessed them; he blessed each one according to his own blessing. a. And he blessed them: Some of the things mentioned regarding these tribes may seem a bit cloudy, but only because we may not know exactly their fulfillment until the age to come. b. Each one according to his own blessing: Each son and each tribe that would come from them had their own calling and destiny. Yet the remarkable promise remained – that they each would survive and grow into significant tribes, without one perishing during the centuries to come in Egypt. B. Jacob’s death. 1. (29-32) Jacob makes his sons promise to bury him in Canaan. Then he charged them and said to them: “I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah. The field and the cave that is there were purchased from the sons of Heth.” a. I am to be gathered to my people: Jacob was confident that his father Isaac and his grandfather Abraham lived on, and that he would be gathered to them. b. Bury me with my fathers: Though Jacob was now in Egypt, he knew he was not an Egyptian. He was a son of the promise, an heir of God’s covenant with Abraham, and he asked to be buried in the land promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob by covenant. c. In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah: Egypt was filled with magnificent tombs, and because of the respect Jacob had he could have been buried like a Pharaoh. But he wanted to be buried in an obscure cave in Canaan, because Canaan was the land of promise. 2. (33) The death of Jacob. And when Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people. a. Breathed his last: This ends the life of the last of the great patriarchs, of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Yet the work and plan of God did not end. It continued through men and generations to come. b. And was gathered to his people: There are said to be three basic attitudes towards death. Among the ancient Greeks, they held to what can be called the death-accepting view. Our modern world is sold out to a death-denying approach. The Biblical approach is the death-defying attitude. Genesis 50 - The Burial of Jacob; the Death of Joseph A. Jacob is buried in Canaan. 1. (1-3) Jacob is embalmed and mourned. Then Joseph fell on his father’s face, and wept over him, and kissed him. And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. Forty days were required for him, for such are the days required for those who are embalmed; and the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days. a. Joseph fell on his father’s face, and wept over him, and kissed him: The passing of Jacob in the presence of his sons was a deeply moving and dramatic scene. b. The Egyptians mourned him seventy days: Jacob was mourned for 70 days among the whole nation of Egypt. A royal mourning period in Egypt was 72 days. Jacob was obviously a greatly honored man. 2. (4-14) Jacob’s body is brought to Canaan, and he is buried next to Leah, the wife who blessed him with his first four sons. And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the hearing of Pharaoh, saying, ‘My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am dying; in my grave which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father, and I will come back.’“ And Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear.” So Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, as well as all the house of Joseph, his brothers, and his father’s house. Only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds they left in the land of Goshen. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen, and it was a very great gathering. Then they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and they mourned there with a great and very solemn lamentation. He observed seven days of mourning for his father. And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a deep mourning of the Egyptians.” Therefore its name was called Abel Mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan. So his sons did for him just as he had commanded them. For his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as property for a burial place. And after he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers and all who went up with him to bury his father. a. Joseph went up to bury his father: This was a dramatic burial. The entire clan gathered together to pay tribute to the man who was the last link with the patriarchs. The life of this man’s grandfather overlapped with the sons of Noah. i. “Luther remarks that there is no burial recorded in the Scriptures quite as honorable as this or with such wealth of detail.” (Leupold) b. They mourned there with a great and very solemn lamentation: This was, no doubt, a day of rededication of the sons of Israel to the God of Israel, the God of the great covenant made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Their dedication to the God of Israel would be tested over the next many hundred years, but would survive. B. Joseph comforts his brothers’ fears. 1. (15) The fears of Joseph’s brothers. When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “Perhaps Joseph will hate us, and may actually repay us for all the evil which we did to him.” a. Perhaps Joseph will hate us: The brothers feared that perhaps Joseph would turn on them after Jacob’s death. Knowing human nature, this wasn’t an unfounded concern. b. And may actually repay us for all the evil which we did to him: Here they freely acknowledged all the evil which they did. What they worried about was justice. They feared righteous retribution. Joseph, with his high status and prestige in Egypt, was certainly capable of bringing this retribution. 2. (16-18) The unlikely story of Joseph’s brothers. So they sent messengers to Joseph, saying, “Before your father died he commanded, saying, ‘Thus you shall say to Joseph: “I beg you, please forgive the trespass of your brothers and their sin; for they did evil to you.” ‘ Now, please, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him. Then his brothers also went and fell down before his face, and they said, “Behold, we are your servants.” a. Before your father died he commanded: This story was probably made up. They didn’t feel they had the moral right to ask Joseph for mercy, since they sinned against him so greatly. So they put the request for mercy in the mouth of their honored and dead father. b. Joseph wept when they spoke to him: Joseph probably wept because it seemed that his brothers thought so little of him and they doubted his character so greatly. c. Fell down before his face, and they said, “Behold, we are your servants”: They backed up their plea for mercy with a genuine display of humility. 3. (19-21) Joseph comforts his brothers. Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God? But as for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, in order to bring it about as it is this day, to save many people alive. Now therefore, do not be afraid; I will provide for you and your little ones.” And he comforted them and spoke kindly to them. a. Am I in the place of God? Joseph first understood he was not in the place of God. It wasn’t his job to bring retribution upon his brothers. If the Lord chose to punish them, He would have to find an instrument other than Joseph. i. From a human perspective, Joseph had the right and the ability to bring retribution upon his brothers, but he knew God was God and he was not. Such retribution was God’s place, not Joseph’s. b. As for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good: Joseph did not romanticize the wrong his brothers did. He plainly said, “You meant evil against me.” Although this was true, it was not the greatest truth. The greatest truth was “God meant it for good.” i. Every Christian should be able to see the overarching and overruling hand of God in their life; to know that no matter what evil man brings against us, God can use it for good. ii. Joseph did not have the text of Romans 8:28, but he had the truth of it: And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose. Sadly, many of us who have the text do not have the truth. iii. Ultimately, our lives are not in the hands of men, but in the hands of God, who overrules all things for His glory. iv. There was an old minister who had a unique gift to minister to the distressed and discouraged. In his Bible, he carried an old bookmark woven of silk threads into a motto. The back of it, where the threads were knotted and tied, was a hopeless tangle. He would take the bookmark out and show the troubled person this side of the bookmark and ask them to make sense of it. They never could. Then the pastor would turn it over, and on the front were white letters against a solid background saying, “God is love.” When events in our life seem tangled and meaningless, it is because we can see only one side of the tapestry. c. To save many people alive: This was the immediate good in the situation. If this large family did not come to Egypt and live it would have perished in the famine. Had the family barely survived, it would have assimilated into the Canaanite tribes surrounding it. Only by coming to Egypt could they be preserved and grow into a distinct nation. i. As said before, if Joseph’s brothers never sold him to the Midianites, then Joseph never went to Egypt. If Joseph never went to Egypt, he was never sold to Potiphar. If he was never sold to Potiphar, Potiphar’s wife never falsely accused him of rape. If Potiphar’s wife never falsely accused him of rape, then he was never put in prison. If he was never put in prison, he never met the baker and butler of Pharaoh. If he never met the baker and butler of Pharaoh, he never interpreted their dreams. If he never interpreted their dreams, he never got to interpret Pharaoh’s dream. If he never got to interpret Pharaoh’s dream, he never became prime minister. If he never became prime minister, he never wisely administrated for the severe famine coming upon the region. If he never wisely administrated for the severe famine coming upon the region, then his family back in Canaan perished from the famine. If his family back in Canaan perished from the famine, then the Messiah could not come forth from a dead family. If the Messiah could not come forth, then Jesus never came. If Jesus never came, then we are all dead in our sins and without hope in this world. We are grateful for God’s great and wise plan. d. And he comforted them and spoke kindly to them: Because Joseph trusted the overarching hand of God, even in all the evil that came upon him through his brothers, he showed the love and compassion to them he did. i. Often, the problem we have in loving others and in freeing ourselves from bitterness we may have towards them is really a problem of not knowing who God is and trusting Him to be who He says He is. e. I will provide for you and your little ones: Joseph’s love for his brothers was shown not only in feelings and words, but also in practical action. He actually did provide for his brothers and their families. C. The death of Joseph. 1. (22-24) Joseph is still in Egypt, but his heart is in Canaan. So Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father’s household. And Joseph lived one hundred and ten years. Joseph saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were also brought up on Joseph’s knees. And Joseph said to his brethren, “I am dying; but God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” a. God will surely visit you and bring you out of this land to the land which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob: Joseph was the human agent most responsible for bringing this family to Egypt. Yet he knew that because of the covenant God had made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, this would not be their resting place. They were headed - eventually - back to Canaan. 2. (25-26) The death and embalming of Joseph. Then Joseph took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.” So Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt. a. He was put in a coffin in Egypt: According to this passage and Hebrews 11:22, Joseph was never buried. His coffin laid above ground for the 400 or so years until it was taken back to Canaan. It was a silent witness for all those years that Israel was going back to the Promised Land, just as God said. i. All during that time, when a child of Israel saw Joseph’s coffin and asked what it was there for and why it was not buried, they could be answered, “Because the great man Joseph did not want to be buried in Egypt, but in the Promised Land God will one day lead us to.” b. You shall carry up my bones from here: This promise was fulfilled some 400 years later, when Israel left Egypt (Exodus 13:19) This command showed that Joseph’s heart was in the Promised Land. It also proved him to be a man of great faith, trusting in things not yet seen (Hebrews 11:22). i. Some promises of God take a long time to fulfill, and we must persevere in trusting God. George Mueller was a remarkable man of faith who ran orphanages in England. In a sermon preached when he was 75 years old, he said 30,000 times in his 54 years as a Christian he received the answer to prayer on the same day he prayed it. But not all his prayers were answered so quickly. He told of one prayer that he brought to God about 20,000 times over more than 11 years, and he still trusted God for the answer: “I hope in God, I pray on, and look for the answer. Therefore, beloved brethren and sisters, go on waiting upon God, go on praying.” ii. Joseph died looking forward to God’s unfolding plan of redemption, and that is where the Book of Genesis - the Book of Beginnings - ends. It concludes looking forward to the continuation of God’s eternal, loving, wise plan.

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9. 2 Chronicles 1-9 (Solomon Seeks God; The Temple is Built; Solomon's Prayer/Wisdom)

2 Chronicles 1-9 (Solomon Seeks God; The Temple is Built; Solomon's Prayer/Wisdom)

2 Chronicles 1 - Solomon Seeks God A. Solomon meets God at Gibeon. 1. (1-4) Solomon brings the leaders of Israel to the tabernacle at Gibeon. Now Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the LORD his God was with him and exalted him exceedingly. And Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, to the judges, and to every leader in all Israel, the heads of the fathers’ houses. Then Solomon, and all the assembly with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for the tabernacle of meeting with God was there, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness. But David had brought up the ark of God from Kirjath Jearim to the place David had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem. a. Now Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the LORD his God was with him: Solomon made a great start to his reign as king, and God blessed it. He had been left with almost every possible advantage by his father David and his kingdom was strong. b. Then Solomon . . . went to the high place that was at Gibeon: Solomon made these special sacrifices at Gibeon because the tabernacle of meeting with God was there. Though the ark of the covenant had been brought to Jerusalem (the place David had prepared for it), the tabernacle itself stayed at Gibeon. i. Morgan on the phrase, tabernacle of meeting: “That is, it was the place where the people met with God. That is always the idea; not the meeting of the people with each other, but their meeting with God.” ii. We can track the progress of tabernacle and the ark of the covenant in the Promised Land: · Joshua brought both the ark and the tabernacle to Shiloh (Joshua 18) · In the days of Eli the ark was captured and the tabernacle wrecked (1 Samuel 4, Psalm 78:60-64, Jeremiah 7:12 and 26:9) · The ark came back to Kiriath-Jearim (1 Samuel 7:1-2) · Saul restored the tabernacle at Nob (1 Samuel 21) · Saul moved the tabernacle to Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39-40) · David brought the ark to Jerusalem and built a temporary tent for it (2 Samuel 6:17, 2 Chronicles 1:4) iii. There are several reasons to explain why David did not bring the tabernacle from Gibeon to Jerusalem. · He may have believed if the tabernacle was there the people would be satisfied with that and they would lose the passion and vision for the temple God wanted built. · It may be that the tabernacle was only moved when it was absolutely necessary - as when disaster came upon it at Shiloh or Nob. · David simply focused on building the temple, not continuing the tabernacle. 2. (5-6) Solomon and the assembly seek God together. Now the bronze altar that Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of the LORD; Solomon and the assembly sought Him there. And Solomon went up there to the bronze altar before the LORD, which was at the tabernacle of meeting, and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it. a. Now the bronze altar that Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of the LORD: This was the same altar made in the wilderness between Egypt and the Promised Land (Exodus 36:1-2). This altar was at least 500 years old and had received many sacrifices over Israel’s long history since the Exodus. b. Solomon and the assembly sought Him there: Solomon and the people of God sought the LORD at the place of atoning sacrifice. This was the Old Testament equivalent to “coming to the cross” in seeking God. i. This was an important event marking the “ceremonial” beginning of Solomon’s reign. Solomon wanted to demonstrate from the beginning that he would seek God and lead the kingdom to do so. c. And offered a thousand burnt offerings: This almost grotesque amount of sacrifice demonstrated both Solomon’s great wealth and his heart to use it to glorify God. 3. (7-10) Solomon’s request. On that night God appeared to Solomon, and said to him, “Ask! What shall I give you?” And Solomon said to God: “You have shown great mercy to David my father, and have made me king in his place. Now, O LORD God, let Your promise to David my father be established, for You have made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude. Now give me wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people; for who can judge this great people of Yours?” a. God appeared to Solomon: 1 Kings 3:5 tells us that this remarkable visitation from God happened in a dream. This was one of the more significant dreams in the Bible. i. “It is interesting to note that notwithstanding the fact that the ark was not there, God met with Solomon and communed with him.” (Morgan) Here God made it clear that His presence was not to be superstitiously restricted to an association with the ark of the covenant. b. Ask! What shall I give you? This was an amazing promise. God seemed to offer Solomon whatever he wanted. This wasn’t only because Solomon sacrificed 1,000 animals. It was because his heart was surrendered to God, and God wanted to work something in Solomon through this offer and his response. i. The natural reaction to reading this promise of God to Solomon is to wish we had such a promise. We do have them. · Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. (Matthew 7:7) · If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you. (John 15:7) · Now this is the confidence that we have in Him, that if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. (1 John 5:14) ii. “The problem for many Christians, then, is not whether they will receive anything when they ask, but whether they will ask at all.” (Selman) c. You have shown great mercy: Before responding to God’s offer and asking for something, Solomon remembered God’s faithfulness to both David and now to Solomon himself. d. Now give me wisdom and knowledge: Solomon asked for more than great knowledge; he wanted wisdom, and according to 1 Kings 3, he wanted it in his heart, not merely in his head. e. That I may go out and come in before this people: This was a Hebrew expression that meant, “That I may fulfill my duties before this people.” Solomon asked for the knowledge and wisdom necessary to be a good king. i. “Such words referred originally to military leadership (1 Chronicles 11:2; cf. 1 Samuel 18:13) but are here broadened into representing good governmental administratorship in general.” (Payne) B. God answers Solomon’s request. 1. (11-12) Solomon receives wisdom and more from God. And God said to Solomon: “Because this was in your heart, and you have not asked riches or wealth or honor or the life of your enemies, nor have you asked long life; but have asked wisdom and knowledge for yourself, that you may judge My people over whom I have made you king; wisdom and knowledge are granted to you; and I will give you riches and wealth and honor, such as none of the kings have had who were before you, nor shall any after you have the like.” a. Because this was in your heart: God was pleased by what Solomon asked for, in that he knew his great need for knowledge and wisdom. God was also pleased by what Solomon did not ask for, in that he did not ask for riches or fame or power for himself. i. Solomon’s request was not bad. We are specifically told in 1 Kings 3:10 that the speech pleased the LORD. Yet we can also ask if this was the best Solomon could ask for. “Was this the highest gift that he could have asked or received? Surely the deep longings of his father for communion with God were yet better.” (Maclaren) ii. Solomon did his job well - as well or better than anyone. Yet as his falling away in the end showed (1 Kings 11:1-11) there was something lacking in his spiritual life. “There is no sign in his biography that he ever had the deep inward devotion of his father. After the poet-psalmist came the prosaic and keen-sighted shrewd man of affairs.” (Maclaren) b. Wisdom and knowledge are granted to you; and I will give you riches and wealth and honor: God not only answered Solomon’s prayer, he answered it beyond all expectation. Solomon did not ask for riches and wealth and honor, but God gave him those also. i. “God’s answer was a beautiful instance of the overflowing love and grace of the divine heart. All the things Solomon set aside for the sake of wisdom were also given to him.” (Morgan) ii. Appearing in his dream, God answered Solomon’s prayer and made him wise, powerful, rich, and influential. His reign was glorious for Israel. At the same time, his end was tragic. We can fairly say that Solomon wasted these gifts God gave him. Though he accomplished much, he could have done much more - and his heart was led away from God in the end (1 Kings 11:4-11). ii. “Instead of being the wisest of men, did he not become more brutish than any man? Did he not even lose the knowledge of his Creator, and worship the abominations of the Moabites, Zidonians, and [so forth]? And was not such idolatry a proof of the grossest stupidity? How few proofs does his life give that the gracious purpose of God was fulfilled in him! He received much; but he would have received much more, had he been faithful to the grace given. No character in the sacred writings disappoints us more than the character of Solomon.” (Clarke, commenting in 1 Kings) 2. (13-17) The great wealth of King Solomon. So Solomon came to Jerusalem from the high place that was at Gibeon, from before the tabernacle of meeting, and reigned over Israel. And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen; he had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he stationed in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem. Also the king made silver and gold as common in Jerusalem as stones, and he made cedars as abundant as the sycamores which are in the lowland. And Solomon had horses imported from Egypt and Keveh; the king’s merchants bought them in Keveh at the current price. They also acquired and imported from Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for one hundred and fifty; thus, through their agents, they exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Syria. a. So Solomon came to Jerusalem . . . and reigned over Israel: Solomon actually reigned – or began his reign – in the great wisdom God gave him at Gibeon. A famous example of this wisdom is found in 1 Kings 3:16-28, where he wisely judged between two mothers who each claimed the same baby as their own. b. And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen: The famous stables of Solomon show what a vast cavalry he assembled for Israel. Unfortunately, it also shows that Solomon did not take God’s word as seriously as he should. In Deuteronomy 17:16, God spoke specifically to the future kings of Israel: But he shall not multiply horses for himself. c. The king made silver and gold as common in Jerusalem as stones: When we think of Solomon’s great wealth, we also consider that he originally did not set his heart upon riches. He deliberately asked for wisdom to lead the people of God instead of riches or fame. God promised to also give Solomon riches and fame, and God fulfilled His promise. i. We also consider that Solomon gave an eloquent testimony to the vanity of riches as the preacher in the Book of Ecclesiastes. He powerfully showed that there was no ultimate satisfaction through materialism. We don’t have to be as rich as Solomon to learn the same lesson. ii. Certainly, Solomon presided over a prosperous and wealthy kingdom. Yet the Chronicler is also warning us here. He assumes that we know of the instructions for future kings of Israel in Deuteronomy 17:14-20. He assumes we know verse 17 of that passage, which says: nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself. God blessed Solomon with great riches, but Solomon allowed that blessing to turn into a danger because he disobediently multiplied silver and gold for himself. iii. “There was nothing wrong in all this, but it created a very subtle peril. Prosperity is always a more insidious danger to men of faith than adversity.” (Morgan) d. Solomon had horses imported from Egypt and Keveh: At the end of this great description of Solomon’s wealth and splendor, we have the sound of this dark note. This was in direct disobedience to Deuteronomy 17:16, which said to the Kings of Israel: But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the LORD has said to you, “You shall not return that way again.” i. Keveh (also known as Cilicia) was “in what is now southern Turkey, at the east end of the Mediterranean, was a prime ancient supplier of horses.” (Payne) e. Thus, through their agents, they exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Syria: This may explain why Solomon broke such an obvious commandment. Perhaps the importation of horses from Egypt began as trading as an agent on behalf of other kings. From this, perhaps Solomon could say, “I’m importing horses from Egypt but I am not doing it for myself. I’m not breaking God’s command.” Many examples of gross disobedience begin as clever rationalizations. i. It is hard to know in what order Solomon’s compromise was expressed. Yet it is possible to say that this disobedience to this seemingly small command began the downfall of Solomon. · First, in disobedience he multiplied horses for the service of his kingdom and he obtains them from the Egyptians (1 Kings 4:26, 10:28-29). · Then, because of these connections with Egypt he married Pharaoh’s daughter (1 Kings 3:1). · Then, because he started by marrying an Egyptian he married many other foreign women (1 Kings 11:1-4). · Then, because of the presence of the foreign wives he built temples to their gods for their use (1 Kings 11:7-8). · Then, because of the presence of these temples he began to worship these other gods himself (1 Kings 11:4-5). 2 Chronicles 2 - Supplies and Workers for the Temple A. An overview of the work of building the temple. 1. (1) Solomon’s determination to build the temple. Then Solomon determined to build a temple for the name of the LORD, and a royal house for himself. a. Then Solomon determined to build a temple: His determination was fitting because of all that his father David did to prepare for the building and because of the charge David gave him to do the work. i. We might think that the greatest thing about Solomon was his wisdom, his riches, his proverbs or his writings. Clearly for the Chronicler the most important thing about Solomon was the temple he built. This was most important because it was most relevant to a community of returning exiles who struggled to build a new temple and to make a place for Israel among the nations again. ii. “Chronicles’ record of Solomon’s achievements moves straight away to the construction of the temple. Several important items in the account of his reign in Kings are left out as a result, such as his wisdom in action, administration, educational reforms, and some building activities (e.g. 1 Kings 3:16-4:34; 7:1-12). These were not unimportant, but, for Chronicles, they were all subsidiary to the temple.” (Selman) b. And a royal house for himself: Solomon’s great building works did not end with temple. He also built a spectacular palace (1 Kings 7:1-12) and more. 2. (2) The magnitude of the work Solomon selected seventy thousand men to bear burdens, eighty thousand to quarry stone in the mountains, and three thousand six hundred to oversee them. a. Seventy thousand men to bear burdens, eighty thousand to quarry stone: This seems to describe the number of Canaanite slave laborers that Solomon used. i. Ginzberg relates some of the legends surrounding the building of the temple. “During the seven years it took to build the Temple, not a single workman died who was employed about it, nor even did a single one fall sick. And as the workmen were sound and robust from first to last, so the perfection of their tools remained unimpaired until the building stood complete. Thus the work suffered no sort of interruption.” (Ginzberg) b. And three thousand six hundred to oversee them: This was the middle management team administrating the work of building the temple. i. “The number of thirty-six hundred foremen differs from 1 Kings 5:16 (3,300), but the LXX of Kings is quite insecure here, and Chronicles may preserve the better reading.” (Selman) B. Solomon’s correspondence with Hiram king of Tyre. 1. (3-6) Solomon describes the work to Hiram. Then Solomon sent to Hiram king of Tyre, saying: As you have dealt with David my father, and sent him cedars to build himself a house to dwell in, so deal with me. Behold, I am building a temple for the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to Him, to burn before Him sweet incense, for the continual showbread, for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbaths, on the New Moons, and on the set feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance forever to Israel. And the temple which I build will be great, for our God is greater than all gods. But who is able to build Him a temple, since heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain Him? Who am I then, that I should build Him a temple, except to burn sacrifice before Him? a. Solomon sent to Hiram king of Tyre, saying: As you have dealt with David my father: Solomon appealed to Hiram based on his prior good relationship with his father David. This shows us that David did not regard every neighbor nation as an enemy. David wisely built alliances and friendships with neighbor nations, and the benefit of this also came to Solomon. i. “Hiram is an abbreviation of Ahiram which means ‘Brother of Ram,’ or ‘My brother is exalted,’ or ‘Brother of the lofty one.’ . . . Archaeologists have discovered a royal sarcophagus in Byblos of Tyre dated about 1200 B.C. inscribed with the king’s name, ‘Ahiram.’ Apparently it belonged to the man in this passage.” (Dilday, commentary on 1 Kings) b. Then Solomon sent to Hiram: “According to Josephus, copies of such a letter along with Hiram’s reply were preserved in both Hebrew and Tyrian archives and were extant in his day (Antiquities, 8.2.8).” (Dilday) c. I am building a temple for the name of the LORD my God: Of course, Solomon did not build a temple for a name but for a living God. This is a good example of avoiding direct mention of the name of God in Hebrew writing and speaking. They did this out of reverence to God. i. Solomon also used this phrase because he wanted to explain that he didn’t think the temple would be the house of God in the way pagans thought. This is especially shown in his words, who is able to build Him a temple, since heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain Him? By the standards of the paganism of his day, Solomon’s conception of God was both Biblical and high. ii. “He never conceived it as a place to which God would be confined. He did expect, and he received, manifestations of the Presence of God in that house. Its chief value was that it afforded man a place in which he should offer incense; that is, the symbol of adoration, praise, worship, to God.” (Morgan) iii. God is, “good without quality, great without quantity, everlasting without time, present everywhere without place, containing all without extent . . . he is within all things, and contained of nothing: without all things, and sustained of nothing.” (Trapp) 2. (7-10) Solomon’s request to Hiram. Therefore send me at once a man skillful to work in gold and silver, in bronze and iron, in purple and crimson and blue, who has skill to engrave with the skillful men who are with me in Judah and Jerusalem, whom David my father provided. Also send me cedar and cypress and algum logs from Lebanon, for I know that your servants have skill to cut timber in Lebanon; and indeed my servants will be with your servants, to prepare timber for me in abundance, for the temple which I am about to build shall be great and wonderful. And indeed I will give to your servants, the woodsmen who cut timber, twenty thousand kors of ground wheat, twenty thousand kors of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil. a. Therefore send me at once a man skillful to work in gold and silver: Solomon wanted the temple to be the best it could be, so he used Gentile labor when it was better. This means that Solomon was willing to build this great temple to God with “Gentile” wood and using “Gentile” labor. This was a temple to the God of Israel, but it was not only for Israel. i. “The leading craftsmen for the Tent, Bezalel and his assistant Oholiab, were both similarly skilled in a range of abilities (cf. Exodus 31:1-6; 35:30-36:2).” (Selman) ii. “Despite a growing number of ‘skilled craftsmen’ in Israel, their techniques remained inferior to those of their northern neighbors, as is demonstrated archaeologically by less finely cut building stones and by the lower level of Israelite culture in general.” (Payne) b. To prepare timber for me in abundance: The cedar trees of Lebanon were legendary for their excellent timber. This means Solomon wanted to build the temple out of the best materials possible. i. “The Sidonians were noted as timber craftsmen in the ancient world, a fact substantiated on the famous Palmero Stone. Its inscription from 2200 B.C. tells us about timber-carrying ships that sailed from Byblos to Egypt about four hundred years previously. The skill of the Sidonians was expressed in their ability to pick the most suitable trees, know the right time to cut them, fell them with care, and then properly treat the logs.” (Dilday) 3. (11-16) Hiram’s response to Solomon. Then Hiram king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon: Because the LORD loves His people, He has made you king over them. Hiram also said: Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who made heaven and earth, for He has given King David a wise son, endowed with prudence and understanding, who will build a temple for the LORD and a royal house for himself! And now I have sent a skillful man, endowed with understanding, Huram my master craftsman (the son of a woman of the daughters of Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre), skilled to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, stone and wood, purple and blue, fine linen and crimson, and to make any engraving and to accomplish any plan which may be given to him, with your skillful men and with the skillful men of my lord David your father. Now therefore, the wheat, the barley, the oil, and the wine which my lord has spoken of, let him send to his servants. And we will cut wood from Lebanon, as much as you need; we will bring it to you in rafts by sea to Joppa, and you will carry it up to Jerusalem. a. Then Hiram king of Tyre answered in writing: “We find . . . that kings could write and read in what were called the by the proud and insolent Greeks and Romans barbarous nations. Nearly two thousand years after this we find a king on the British throne who could not sign his own name.” (Clarke) b. Blessed be the LORD God of Israel: We can’t say if Hiram was a saved man, but he certainly respected the God of Israel. This was no doubt due to David’s godly influence on Hiram. c. I have sent a skillful man, endowed with understanding, Huram my master craftsman: King Hiram answered Solomon’s request for a skillful man (2 Chronicles 2:7). Huram had a Jewish mother and a Gentile father. d. The wheat, the barley, the oil, and the wine which my lord has spoken of, let him send to his servants: Hiram agreed to work for the arrangement suggested by Solomon, though he could have asked for more (1 Kings 5:6). i. This shows us that Hiram did expect to be paid. His service and the service of His people were not a gift or a sacrifice. “There are a good many people who get mixed up with religious work, and talk as if it were very near their hearts, who have as sharp an eye to their own advantage as he had. The man who serves God because he gets paid for it, does not serve Him.” (Maclaren) 4. (17-18) The laborers who built the temple. Then Solomon numbered all the aliens who were in the land of Israel, after the census in which David his father had numbered them; and there were found to be one hundred and fifty-three thousand six hundred. And he made seventy thousand of them bearers of burdens, eighty thousand stonecutters in the mountain, and three thousand six hundred overseers to make the people work. a. All the aliens who were in the land of Israel: This specifically tells us where the seventy thousand man labor force described here and in 1 Chronicles 2:2 came from. i. “The temple, then, did not become a house of prayer for all nations by accident. The nations even played a part in its construction!” (Selman) 2 Chronicles 3 - The Building of the Temple A. Where and when the temple construction began. 1. (1) The location of the temple. Now Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the Lord had appeared to his father David, at the place that David had prepared on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. a. Now Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem on Mount Moriah: This place had been previously identified as the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. Here it is specifically located as Mount Moriah. This was the same hill where Abraham offered Isaac (Genesis 22:2), and the same set of hills where Jesus would later die on the cross (Genesis 22:14). i. “Where Isaac, as a type of Christ, bore the wood, obeyed his father, and should have been sacrificed. Calvary, where our Saviour suffered, was either a part of this mount, or very near unto it.” (Trapp) b. Began to build the house of the LORD: This was when the actual construction began. All David’s prior plans and preparations anticipated the actual beginning of the work. One can plan and prepare endlessly and never begin to build, but Solomon began to build the house of the LORD. 2. (2) When the construction began. And he began to build on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign. a. On the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign: This was probably in the year 967 B.C. Connecting this with 1 Kings 6:1, this marking point shows just how long Israel lived in the Promised Land without a temple. The tabernacle served the nation well for more than 400 years. The prompting to build them temple was more at the direction and will of God than out of absolute necessity. b. In the fourth year of his reign: This doesn’t mean that Solomon delayed his obedience for four years. He probably started to organize the work right away. There is some evidence that it took three years to prepare timber from Lebanon for use in building. If Solomon began the construction of the temple in the fourth year of his reign, he probably started organizing the construction in the very first year of his reign. B. A Description of the temple. 1. (3-7) The building in general. This is the foundation which Solomon laid for building the house of God: The length was sixty cubits (by cubits according to the former measure) and the width twenty cubits. And the vestibule that was in front of the sanctuary was twenty cubits long across the width of the house, and the height was one hundred and twenty. He overlaid the inside with pure gold. The larger room he paneled with cypress which he overlaid with fine gold, and he carved palm trees and chainwork on it. And he decorated the house with precious stones for beauty, and the gold was gold from Parvaim. He also overlaid the house; the beams and doorposts, its walls and doors; with gold; and he carved cherubim on the walls. a. For building the house of God: This chapter will describe the building of the temple and its associated areas. There are four main structures described. · The temple proper (the foundation which Solomon laid), divided into two rooms (the holy place and the most holy place). · The vestibule or entrance hall on the east side of the temple proper (the vestibule that was in front of the sanctuary). It was thirty feet (10 meters) wide and fifteen feet (5 meters) deep, and the same height as the temple proper. “Its height measurement should read twenty cubits high (NIV, REB, NEB), as against a literal translation of MT, ‘and its height 120’.” (Selman) · The three-storied side chambers (described in 1 Kings 6:5) which surrounded the temple proper on the north, south, and west sides. · A large courtyard surrounding the whole structure (the inner court mentioned in 1 Kings 6:36). b. He decorated the house with precious stones for beauty: This is one description among many that give us an idea of how beautiful the temple was and how Solomon spared no expense in making it beautiful. i. “The reference to ‘precious stones’ may suggest mosaics, inlaid in the floor.” (Payne) c. He carved cherubim on the walls: This was after the pattern of the tabernacle, which had woven designs of cherubim on the inner covering. Therefore when one entered the temple they saw cherubim all around - as one would see in heaven (Psalm 80:1, Isaiah 37:16, and Ezekiel 10:3). These angelic beings worship God perpetually in heaven. i. One might saw that we don’t worship angels but we do worship with them. 2. (8-14) The Most Holy Place. And he made the Most Holy Place. Its length was according to the width of the house, twenty cubits, and its width twenty cubits. He overlaid it with six hundred talents of fine gold. The weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold; and he overlaid the upper area with gold. In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim, fashioned by carving, and overlaid them with gold. The wings of the cherubim were twenty cubits in overall length: one wing of the one cherub was five cubits, touching the wall of the room, and the other wing was five cubits, touching the wing of the other cherub; one wing of the other cherub was five cubits, touching the wall of the room, and the other wing also was five cubits, touching the wing of the other cherub. The wings of these cherubim spanned twenty cubits overall. They stood on their feet, and they faced inward. And he made the veil of blue, purple, crimson, and fine linen, and wove cherubim into it. a. And he made the Most Holy Place: Special attention was given to the Holy of Holies or Most Holy place. It was a 30-foot (10 meter) cube, completely overlaid with gold. It also had two large sculptures of cherubim (15-foot or 5 meters in height), which were overlaid with gold. b. He overlaid it with six hundred talents of fine gold: There was gold everywhere in the temple, but especially in the Most Holy Place. The walls were covered with gold (1 Kings 6:20-22), the floor was covered with gold (1 Kings 6:30) and gold was hammered into the carvings on the doors (1 Kings 6:32). i. There was gold everywhere on the inside of the temple. “Such was Christ’s inside (Colossians 2:9); in his outside was no such desirable beauty (Isaiah 53:2); so the Church’s glory is inward (Psalm 44:13), in the hidden man of the heart (1 Peter 3:4).” (Trapp) c. Two cherubim, fashioned by carving, and overlaid them with gold: These two large sculptures inside the Most Holy Place faced the entrance to this inner room, so as soon as the High Priest entered he saw these giant guardians of the presence of God facing him. i. “If it were image work – cherubims were made like boys – yet this is no plea for Popish images; since they are flatly forbidden; and God made the law for us, not for himself.” (Trapp) d. And he made the veil: This was the important barrier separating the holy place from the Most Holy Place. Only one man once a year could go behind the veil and enter the Most Holy Place. i. “To most Israelites, therefore, the temple was an unseen world. God had drawn near to them, but the way to him was hedged around with many restrictions.” (Selman) ii. Spiritually speaking, in dying for our sins Jesus with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption (Hebrews 9:12). iii. In the temple, this veil was torn from top to bottom at the death of Jesus (Matthew 27:51), showing that through His death, there is no longer a barrier to the Most Holy place. iv. Now the Most Holy Place is open to us: brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is His flesh (Hebrews 10:19-20). The torn veil of Matthew 27:51 also symbolizes the broken body of Jesus, through which we have access to the Most Holy Place. 3. (15-17) The pillars of the temple. Also he made in front of the temple two pillars thirty-five cubits high, and the capital that was on the top of each of them was five cubits. He made wreaths of chainwork, as in the inner sanctuary, and put them on top of the pillars; and he made one hundred pomegranates, and put them on the wreaths of chainwork. Then he set up the pillars before the temple, one on the right hand and the other on the left; he called the name of the one on the right hand Jachin, and the name of the one on the left Boaz. a. In front of the temple two pillars thirty-five cubits high: 1 Kings 7:15 tells us that these pillars were actually made of bronze. They were two very impressive adornments to the front of the temple. b. He called the name of the one on the right hand Jachin, and the name of the one on the left Boaz: These two pillars were so impressive that they were actually given names. Jachin means He shall establish and Boaz means in strength. i. Every time someone came to the house of the LORD in the days of Solomon they said, “Look! There is ‘He Shall Establish.’ And there is ‘In Him Is Strength.’“ It set them in the right frame of mind to worship the LORD. When the crowds gathered at the morning and evening sacrifice to worship the LORD, the Levites led the people standing in front of the temple with these two great, bronze pillars behind them. It was always before them: He Shall Establish and In Him Is Strength. ii. One could say that the house of God itself was Jachin and Boaz. That temple was established by God, and built by the strength of God. Every time they looked at that temple, they knew that God liked to establish and strengthen things. iii. The house of God was a place where people experienced what the pillars were all about. At that house, people were established in their relationship with God. At that house, people were given strength from the LORD. From this building, it should go out to the whole community: “Come here and get established. Come here and receive the strength of God.” 2 Chronicles 4 - Furnishings for the Temple and Its Court A. The furnishings of the temple. 1. (1) The bronze altar. Moreover he made a bronze altar: twenty cubits was its length, twenty cubits its width, and ten cubits its height. a. He made a bronze altar: The idea behind the Hebrew word for altar is essentially, “killing-place.” This was the place of sacrifice, the center for worship and service for the priests and the people. i. “Just as in the tabernacle, the altar was the first main object to be met as one entered the sanctuary court. It demonstrates that God may be approached only through sacrifices.” (Payne) ii. We also have an altar: We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat (Hebrews 13:10). Our altar - our “killing-place” - is the cross, where Jesus died for our sins and we follow by dying unto self and living for Jesus. b. Twenty cubits: Essentially, this altar was large (about 30 feet or 10 meters square) and about twice as large as the altar originally built for the tabernacle (Exodus 27:1-2). c. Ten cubits its height: The altar was raised significantly. The altar was set up high, “That all the people might see the burnt-offerings, and be imminded of their sins and of their Saviour; for the ceremonial law was their gospel.” (Trapp) 2. (2-6) The washing basins for the temple. Then he made the Sea of cast bronze, ten cubits from one brim to the other; it was completely round. Its height was five cubits, and a line of thirty cubits measured its circumference. And under it was the likeness of oxen encircling it all around, ten to a cubit, all the way around the Sea. The oxen were cast in two rows, when it was cast. It stood on twelve oxen: three looking toward the north, three looking toward the west, three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east; the Sea was set upon them, and all their back parts pointed inward. It was a handbreadth thick; and its brim was shaped like the brim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It contained three thousand baths. He also made ten lavers, and put five on the right side and five on the left, to wash in them; such things as they offered for the burnt offering they would wash in them, but the Sea was for the priests to wash in. a. Then he made the Sea of cast bronze, ten cubits from one brim to the other: The huge laver was more than 15 feet (5 meters) across, and was used for the ceremonial washings connected with the priests themselves. i. “Priests who did not wash to make themselves clean would die (Exodus 30:20).” (Selman) i. “It was used by priests for cleansing their hands and feet and perhaps also to supply water to the standing basins for the rinsing of offerings (2 Chronicles 4:10).” Poole believes that perhaps water came out of the bulls that formed the foundation of the Sea. b. It stood on twelve oxen: This large pool of water was set upon sculptured oxen. “Prefiguring, say some, the twelve apostles, who carried the water of life all the world over.” (Trapp) i. It contained three thousand baths: “In 1 Kings 7:26, it is said to hold only two thousand baths. Since this book was written after the Babylonian captivity, it is very possible that reference is here made to the Babylonian bath, which might have been less than the Jewish.” (Clarke) c. He also made ten lavers: These additional basins were used for washing and cleaning the animal parts in the rituals of sacrifice. 3. (7) The lampstands, tables, and bowls. And he made ten lampstands of gold according to their design, and set them in the temple, five on the right side and five on the left. He also made ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side and five on the left. And he made one hundred bowls of gold. a. And he made ten lampstands . . . He also made ten tables: The work of the temple required lampstands for light and tables to hold the showbread, the bread that represented the continual fellowship of Israel with God. Notably, the old tabernacle had one lampstand and one table. The temple fittingly displayed a greater light and a greater dynamic of fellowship. b. And he made one hundred bowls of gold: “The ‘sprinkling bowls’ were not particularly associated with the tables by seem rather to have been used for collecting the blood of sacrifices, which was then sprinkled about the altar in the temple services of atonement.” (Payne) 4. (9-10) The court of the temple. Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court and doors for the court; and he overlaid these doors with bronze. He set the Sea on the right side, toward the southeast. a. He made the court of the priests: This was also known as the inner court, the court of the temple open only to the priests. b. And the great court: This was the outer court, the place in the temple precincts open to the assembly of Israel as a whole. i. “Yet this very division into two courts (2 Kings 23:12) gave concrete expression to the fact that under the older testament there had not yet been achieved that universal priesthood of the believers that would come about through Jesus Christ. In him all the people of God have direct access to the Father.” (Payne) B. The work of Huram from Tyre. 1. (11-17) Huram’s furnishings for the temple. Then Huram made the pots and the shovels and the bowls. So Huram finished doing the work that he was to do for King Solomon for the house of God: the two pillars and the bowl-shaped capitals that were on top of the two pillars; the two networks covering the two bowl-shaped capitals which were on top of the pillars; four hundred pomegranates for the two networks (two rows of pomegranates for each network, to cover the two bowl-shaped capitals that were on the pillars); he also made carts and the lavers on the carts; one Sea and twelve oxen under it; also the pots, the shovels, the forks; and all their articles Huram his master craftsman made of burnished bronze for King Solomon for the house of the LORD. In the plain of Jordan the king had them cast in clay molds, between Succoth and Zeredah. a. Then Huram made: Huram was half Israeli and half Gentile, and he was the best craftsman around. Solomon hired him to do all his work - that is, the fine artistic work of the temple. b. The pots and the shovels and the bowls: These articles were of special note for the Chronicler, because these were some of the only articles that were recovered and used from the first temple period into the days of the Chronicler. i. “The emphasis on the temple vessels, as well as the association between Tent and temple, underlines the continuity represented by the temple. The return of the temple vessels to the second temple was one of the chief signs that post-exilic Israel remained a worshipping community of covenant people (cf. Ezra 1:7-11; 6:5; 8:24-34).” (Selman) 2. (18-22) Summary of the furnishings for the temple. And Solomon had all these articles made in such great abundance that the weight of the bronze was not determined. Thus Solomon had all the furnishings made for the house of God: the altar of gold and the tables on which was the showbread; the lampstands with their lamps of pure gold, to burn in the prescribed manner in front of the inner sanctuary, with the flowers and the lamps and the wick-trimmers of gold, of purest gold; the trimmers, the bowls, the ladles, and the censers of pure gold. As for the entry of the sanctuary, its inner doors to the Most Holy Place, and the doors of the main hall of the temple, were gold. a. Such great abundance that the weight of the bronze was not determined: “The weight could not be found out. This was as it should be. There was no attempt to keep an accurate account of what was given to the service of God. Even Solomon’s left had did not know what his right hand did. There is a tendency in all of us to keep a strict account of what we give to God . . . but the loftiest form of devotion overleaps such calculation.” (Meyer) b. With the flowers and the lamps: “The symbolism of flora and fauna in the temple may either indicate God’s sovereignty over the created order to be another allusion to the harmony of all created things in God’s presence as in the Garden of Eden.” (Selman) 2 Chronicles 5 - The Ark is brought to the Temple A. The finished temple. 1. (1) Completion of the work. So all the work that Solomon had done for the house of the LORD was finished; and Solomon brought in the things which his father David had dedicated: the silver and the gold and all the furnishings. And he put them in the treasuries of the house of God. a. All the work that Solomon had done for the house of the LORD was finished: This was the great achievement of Solomon’s life. He began this ambitious project shortly after he came to the throne, and now it was finished, certainly much to his satisfaction. b. Solomon brought in the things which his father David had dedicated: This reminds us of just how much David did for the temple. He even designed, made, and dedicated some the furnishings of the temple. 2. (2-5) The furniture of the temple is brought in before the assembled nation. Now Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the chief fathers of the children of Israel, in Jerusalem, that they might bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD up from the City of David, which is Zion. Therefore all the men of Israel assembled with the king at the feast, which was in the seventh month. So all the elders of Israel came, and the Levites took up the ark. Then they brought up the ark, the tabernacle of meeting, and all the holy furnishings that were in the tabernacle. The priests and the Levites brought them up. a. Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes: The official installation of the ark of the covenant into the temple was an extremely important occasion. Solomon wanted representatives of the entire kingdom to have a part in this memorable event. b. The priests and the Levites brought them up: This properly respected the pattern designated by the Mosaic Law. Solomon wanted representatives of the entire kingdom to witness the event, but not at the expense of disobedience to God’s command. 3. (6-10) The ark comes into the Most Holy Place of the temple. Also King Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel who were assembled with him before the ark, were sacrificing sheep and oxen that could not be counted or numbered for multitude. Then the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the temple, to the Most Holy Place, under the wings of the cherubim. For the cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles. And the poles extended so that the ends of the poles of the ark could be seen from the holy place, in front of the inner sanctuary; but they could not be seen from outside. And they are there to this day. Nothing was in the ark except the two tablets which Moses put there at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they had come out of Egypt. a. Sacrificing sheep and oxen that could not be counted or numbered for multitude: Solomon went “over-the-top” in his effort to honor and praise God on this great day. b. Then the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD: The temple wasn’t “open” until the ark of the covenant was set in the most holy place. The ark was the most important item in the temple. c. Under the wings of the cherubim: The interior of the temple was richly decorated with the designs of cherubim, which surround the throne of God in heaven. This design of the temple was after the pattern of the tabernacle, which had woven designs of cherubim on the inner covering. i. “The statement that ‘they are still there today’ must have been quoted by Ezra from his sources (2 Chronicles 9:2), particularly from 1 Kings (8:8), out of those portions that were written before the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. The ark had been gone for over a century by Ezra’s day.” (Payne) d. Nothing was in the ark except the two tablets which Moses put there at Horeb: At an earlier point in Israel’s history there were three items in the ark of the covenant. Earlier, inside the ark were the golden pot that had the manna (Exodus 16:33), Aaron’s rod that budded (Numbers 17:6-11), and the tablets of the covenant (Exodus 25:16). We don’t know what happened to the golden pot of manna and Aaron’s rod, but they were not in the ark when Solomon set it in the most holy place. e. When the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt: The reminder of the deliverance from Egypt is significant, because there is a sense in which this - some 500 years after the Exodus - is the culmination of the deliverance from Egypt. Out of Egypt and into the wilderness Israel, out of necessity, lived in tents - and the dwelling of God was a tent. Now since Solomon built the temple, the dwelling of God among Israel was a building, a place of permanence and security. B. The glory of God fills the temple. 1. (11-12) The praise of the Levites at the installation of the ark of the covenant. And it came to pass when the priests came out of the Most Holy Place (for all the priests who were present had sanctified themselves, without keeping to their divisions), and the Levites who were the singers, all those of Asaph and Heman and Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, stood at the east end of the altar, clothed in white linen, having cymbals, stringed instruments and harps, and with them one hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets; a. For all the priests who were present had sanctified themselves, without keeping to their divisions: Normally the priests and Levites worked at the temple according to a strict schedule. Yet on this day, all the priests and Levites were on duty before the LORD. b. And the Levites who were the singers: It was right that on this day praise be focused to the LORD, and not to Solomon or David. In reality, this was the LORD’s house, not David’s or Solomon’s. 2. (13-14) The cloud of God’s glory fills the temple. Indeed it came to pass, when the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the LORD, and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised the LORD, saying: "For He is good, For His mercy endures forever," that the house, the house of the LORD, was filled with a cloud, so that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud; for the glory of the LORD filled the house of God. a. That the house, the house of the LORD, was filled with a cloud: This was the cloud of glory, seen often in the Old and New Testaments, sometimes called the cloud of Shekinah glory. It is hard to define the glory of God; we could call it the radiant outshining of His character and presence. Here it is manifested in a cloud. · This is the cloud that stood by Israel in the wilderness (Exodus 13:21-22). · This is the cloud of glory that God spoke to Israel from (Exodus 16:10). · This is the cloud from which God met with Moses and others (Exodus 19:9, 24:15-18, Numbers 11:25, 12:5, 16:42). · This is the cloud that stood by the door of the Tabernacle (Exodus 33:9-10). · This is the cloud from which God appeared to the High Priest in the Holy Place inside the veil (Leviticus 16:2). · This is the cloud of Ezekiel’s vision, filling the temple of God with the brightness of His glory (Ezekiel 10:4). · This is the cloud of glory that overshadowed Mary when she conceived Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:35). · This is the cloud present at the transfiguration of Jesus (Luke 9:34-35). · This is the cloud of glory that received Jesus into heaven at His ascension (Acts 1:9). · This is the cloud that will display the glory of Jesus Christ when He returns in triumph to this earth (Luke 21:27, Revelation 1:7). i. It is worthy of note that this great outpouring of the glory of God came in the context of intense and dedicated praise. God pours out His glory when His people praise Him. “We can never expect to have God in this house, or in our own houses, or in our own hearts, until we begin to praise him. Unless as a people we unanimously, with one heart, though with many tongues, extol the King of kings, farewell to the hope that he will give us his presence in the future.” (Spurgeon) ii. “There is an order in this work which we do well to consider. Work performed according to the divine order, offered in sacrifice and praise, is acceptable to God. Such work He receives by possessing it with His own presence and glory.” (Morgan) b. So that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud: The extreme presence of the glory of God made normal service impossible. The sense of the presence of God was so intense that the priests felt it was impossible to continue in the building. i. “As soon as the temple is opened for business, all the carefully planned ceremonies and services have to be suspended because God takes over the entire building for himself. The temple is to be for God’s glory, not for that of human beings.” (Selman) ii. Jesus Himself was greater than the cloud that filled the temple and when He came it was fitting for the priests’ temple service to stop. “This showed that the Levitical ministry should cease when the Lord Christ came.” (Trapp) iii. “The glory of God had filled the house, and the priests were set aside. Where God is, man is forgotten. You will think little of the minister save for his work’s sake – you will talk the less of the man when you shall see the Master.” (Spurgeon) 2 Chronicles 6 - Solomon’s Prayer of Dedication A. Solomon blesses God. 1. (1-2) Acknowledgement of God’s presence in the cloud. Then Solomon spoke: "The LORD said He would dwell in the dark cloud. I have surely built You an exalted house, And a place for You to dwell in forever." a. The LORD said He would dwell in the dark cloud: The cloud of God’s glory has a long association with His presence. b. I have surely built You an exalted house, and a place for You to dwell in forever: Solomon rightly sensed that the presence of the cloud meant that God dwelt in the temple in a special way. As long as this did not slip into a superstitious misunderstanding, it was good to recognize a special place to come and meet with God. i. “Though only Jesus is God incarnate, the temple was a clear sign that God in all his being was committed to living among his people.” (Selman) 2. (3-9) Solomon blesses the people and blesses God. Then the king turned around and blessed the whole assembly of Israel, while all the assembly of Israel was standing. And he said: "Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who has fulfilled with His hands what He spoke with His mouth to my father David, saying, ‘Since the day that I brought My people out of the land of Egypt, I have chosen no city from any tribe of Israel in which to build a house, that My name might be there, nor did I choose any man to be a ruler over My people Israel. Yet I have chosen Jerusalem, that My name may be there; and I have chosen David to be over My people Israel.’ Now it was in the heart of my father David to build a temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel. But the LORD said to my father David, 'Whereas it was in your heart to build a temple for My name, you did well in that it was in your heart. Nevertheless you shall not build the temple, but your son who will come from your body, he shall build the temple for My name.'” a. Who has fulfilled with His hands what He spoke with His mouth to my father David: Solomon recognized that the temple was the fulfillment of God’s plan, not David’s or Solomon’s. David and Solomon were human instruments, but the work was God’s. i. “The mention of God’s hands (lit. ‘fulfilled with his hands’) really means that God’s actions have confirmed his words – it is as if God’s unseen hands were active in the all the human hands who contributed to the construction work (cf. 1 Chronicles 29:16).” (Selman) b. Out of the land of Egypt: Solomon presses the remembrance of the Exodus. Though it happened 500 years before, it was just as important and real for Israel as the day it happened. c. Nevertheless you shall not build the temple: Though Solomon built the temple and not David, we are reminded of the extensive preparations David made for the temple. David prepared for the temple in every way he could short of actually building it, and he was happy for the credit and honor for building to go to his son Solomon. i. “It confirms that David’s disqualification was not due to sin, but because the concept of God’s rest must be regarded as the unique and final stage in building the temple.” (Selman) 3. (10-11) Solomon presents the finished temple unto God. "So the LORD has fulfilled His word which He spoke, and I have filled the position of my father David, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised; and I have built the temple for the name of the LORD God of Israel. And there I have put the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD which He made with the children of Israel." a. I have filled the position of my father David, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised: Solomon recognized that his succession of David on the throne of Israel was a significant thing. He was the first king to follow his father as a hereditary monarch. b. There I have put the ark, in which is the covenant of the LORD: The chief glory of the temple was that it was the resting place for the ark of the covenant, a representation of God’s covenantal presence with His people. B. Solomon’s prayer. 1. (12-14) Humility before and praise unto God. Then Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands (for Solomon had made a bronze platform five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court; and he stood on it, knelt down on his knees before all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven); and he said: "LORD God of Israel, there is no God in heaven or on earth like You, who keep Your covenant and mercy with Your servants who walk before You with all their hearts. a. Stood before the altar of the LORD: Solomon did not dedicate the temple from within the temple. It would be inappropriate for him to do so, because he was a king and not a priest. The holy place and most holy place were only for chosen descendants of the High Priest. b. And spread out his hands: This was the most common posture of prayer in the Old Testament. Many modern people close their eyes, bow their head, and fold their hands as they pray, but the Old Testament tradition was to spread out the hands toward heaven in a gesture of surrender, openness, and ready reception. i. “It is worthy of remark concerning this prayer that it is as full and comprehensive as if it were meant to be the summary of all future prayers offered in the temple.” (Spurgeon) ii. “One is struck, moreover, with the fact that the language is far from new, and is full of quotations from the Pentateuch, some of which are almost word for word, while the sense of the whole may be found in those memorable passages in Leviticus and Deuteronomy.” (Spurgeon) c. There is no God in heaven above or on earth below like You: Solomon recognized that God was completely unique. The pretended gods of the nations could not compare to Him in any way. 2. (15-17) Solomon recognizes God as the maker and keeper of promises. "You have kept what You promised Your servant David my father; You have both spoken with Your mouth and fulfilled it with Your hand, as it is this day. Therefore, LORD God of Israel, now keep what You promised Your servant David my father, saying, 'You shall not fail to have a man sit before Me on the throne of Israel, only if your sons take heed to their way, that they walk in My law as you have walked before Me.' And now, O LORD God of Israel, let Your word come true, which You have spoken to Your servant David.” a. You have kept what You promised: Solomon first thanked and praised God for His past fulfillment of promises. b. Now keep what You promised Your servant David . . . let Your word come true: Solomon called upon God to keep the promises that He made. This is the great secret to power in prayer - to take God’s promises to heart in faith, and then boldly and reverently call upon Him to fulfill the promises. i. “God sent the promise on purpose to be used. If I see a Bank of England note, it is a promise for a certain amount of money, and I take it and use it. But oh I my friend, do try and use God’s promises; nothing pleases God better than to see his promises put in circulation; he loves to see his children bring them up to him, and say, ‘LORD, do as thou hast said.’ And let me tell you that it glorifies God to use his promises.” (Spurgeon) ii. This kind of prayer lays hold of God’s promise. Just because God promises does not mean that we possess. Through believing prayer like this, God promises and we appropriate. If we don’t appropriate in faith, God’s promise is left unclaimed. 3. (18-21) Solomon asks God to dwell in this place and honor those who seek Him here. "But will God indeed dwell with men on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this temple which I have built! Yet regard the prayer of Your servant and his supplication, O LORD my God, and listen to the cry and the prayer which Your servant is praying before You: that Your eyes may be open toward this temple day and night, toward the place where You said You would put Your name, that You may hear the prayer which Your servant prays toward this place. And may You hear the supplications of Your servant and of Your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. Hear from heaven Your dwelling place, and when You hear, forgive.” a. How much less this temple which I have built! We are glad that Solomon said this. From prior statements his statement in 2 Chronicles 6:1-2 we might have thought that Solomon drifted towards a superstitious idea that God actually lived in the temple to the exclusion of other places. It was important to recognize that though God had a special presence in the temple, He was far too great to be restricted to the temple. b. May You hear the supplication of Your servant and of Your people Israel, when they pray toward this place: Solomon asked God to incline His ear towards the king and the people when they prayed from the temple. For this reason, many observant Jews still pray facing the direction of the site of the temple in Jerusalem. c. When You hear, forgive: Solomon knew that the most important thing Israel needed was forgiveness. This was the greatest answer to prayer Israel could expect from God. 4. (22-23) Hear when Your people take an oath at the temple. "If anyone sins against his neighbor, and is forced to take an oath, and comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this temple, then hear from heaven, and act, and judge Your servants, bringing retribution on the wicked by bringing his way on his own head, and justifying the righteous by giving him according to his righteousness.” a. And comes and takes an oath before Your altar in this temple: The temple grounds were used as a place to verify and authorize oaths. When a dispute came down to one word against another, Solomon asked that the temple would be a place to properly swear by. b. Hear in heaven, and act, and judge Your servants: Solomon asked the God who can see what man can’t - who knows the hidden heart of man - and to enforce from heaven the oaths made at the temple. i. The old Puritan commentator John Trapp could not resist mentioning a fulfillment of this principle in his own day: “Anne Averies, who, forswearing herself, A.D. 1575, February 11, at a shop of Wood Street in London, praying God she might sink where she stood if she had not paid for the wares she took, fell down presently speechless, and with horrible stink died.” 5. (24-25) Hear when Your people are defeated. "Or if Your people Israel are defeated before an enemy because they have sinned against You, and return and confess Your name, and pray and make supplication before You in this temple, then hear from heaven and forgive the sin of Your people Israel, and bring them back to the land which You gave to them and their fathers.” a. If Your people Israel are defeated before an enemy: Many times in their history, Israel suffered defeat and could only cry out to God. It was even worse when the defeat was because they had sinned against the LORD Himself. b. Return and confess Your name, and pray and make supplication before You in this temple, then hear from heaven: Solomon asked God to hear the prayers of a defeated, yet humble and penitent Israel. God answered this prayer of Solomon, and He forgave and restored His defeated people when they came in humble repentance. 6. (26-31) Hear in times of plague and famine. "When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, when they pray toward this place and confess Your name, and turn from their sin because You afflict them, then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your servants, Your people Israel, that You may teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on Your land which You have given to Your people as an inheritanc

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10. Deuteronomy 5-8 (Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God & A Warning Against Pride)

Deuteronomy 5-8 (Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God & A Warning Against Pride)

Deuteronomy 5 - Moses Reminds Israel of their Covenant with God at Sinai A. The requirements of God’s covenant with Israel. 1. (1-5) The setting of the covenant. And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: “Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your hearing today, that you may learn them and be careful to observe them. The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive. The LORD talked with you face to face on the mountain from the midst of the fire. I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD; for you were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up the mountain. He said:” a. Hear, O Israel: Israel was bound to the covenant they agreed to in Exodus 24:1-8, yet the covenant was made with the previous generation which perished in the wilderness. The present generation had to understand and embrace the covenant if they were to enjoy the blessings of the covenant. b. Made a covenant: Literally, this is to “cut a covenant.” The idea of “cutting” is associated with covenant because covenants were always sealed with sacrifice - the cutting of a sacrificial victim. c. The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us: In fact, the covenant was originally made with the previous generation, and Moses did not deny this. But he drove the point home: This was their covenant; it is a covenant of the living, not of the dead. d. The LORD talked with you face to face: This demonstrates that the term face to face does not mean “literal face to literal face,” but is a Hebraic figure of speech meaning “intimate, free communication.” i. Deuteronomy 4:12 specifically says that Israel saw no form; you only heard a voice. Yet they had a remarkably transparent communication with God, so the figure of speech face to face applies. ii. This is why Exodus 33:11 says So the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend, and in Exodus 33:20 the LORD says, You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live. The use of face to face in Exodus 33:11 is a figure of speech, meaning Moses had free and unhindered communication with the LORD. iii. “Face to face seems to mean ‘in person,’ that is, in the immediacy of personal contact.” (Thompson) e. I stood between the LORD and you at that time: Israel could not bear such free and unhindered communication with the LORD, so they asked Moses to speak to God on their behalf. 2. (6-7) The first commandment: no other gods before Me. I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me. a. I am the LORD your God: Before God commanded anything of man, He declared who He was and what He did for Israel (who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage). The foundation was clear: because of whom God was and what He did for His people, He has the right to tell us what to do - and we have the obligation to obey Him. b. You shall have no other gods before Me: The first commandment logically flows from understanding who God is and what He has done for us. Nothing is to come before God and He is the only God we worship and serve. i. In the days of ancient Israel, there was great temptation to worship the gods of materialism (Baal, the god of weather and financial success) and sex (Ashtoreth, the goddess of sex, romance, and reproduction), or any number of other local deities. We are tempted to worship the same gods, but without the old-fashioned names and images. c. No other gods before Me: This did not imply that it was permissible to have other gods, as long as they lined up behind the true God. Instead the idea is that there are to be no other gods before the sight of the true God in our life. Before Me is literally, “to My face.” i. This means God demands to be more than “added” to our lives. We don’t just add Jesus to the life we already have. We must give Him all our lives. ii. Failure to obey this commandment is called idolatry. We are to flee idolatry (1 Corinthians 10:14). Those lives marked by habitual idolatry will not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Ephesians 5:5, Revelation 21:8, 22:15). Idolatry is a work of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-20), which marks our old life instead of the new (1 Peter 4:3), and we are not to associate with those who call themselves Christians who are idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11). 3. (8-10) The second commandment: You shall not make for yourself any carved image . . . you shall not bow down to them. You shall not make for yourself a carved image; any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments. a. You shall not make for yourself a carved image: The second commandment prohibited not only idolatry regarding false gods, it also dealt with making an image of any created thing which we might worship. b. Or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath: In that day as well as in our own, worship was tied closely with images - idealized images, or even images in the mind of man. God will not allow us to depict Him with any such image, nor replace Him with another image. i. The second commandment didn’t forbid making an image of something for artistic purposes. God Himself commanded Israel make images of cherubim (Exodus 25:18, 26:31). It forbade the making of images as an “aid” to worship. ii. “To countenance its image worship, the Roman Catholic Church has left the whole of this second commandment out of the decalogue, and thus lost one whole commandment out of the ten; but to keep up the number they have divided the tenth into two.” (Clarke) iii. John 4:24 explains the rationale behind the second commandment: God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. The use of images and other material things as a focus or “help” to worship denies who God is (Spirit) and how we must worship Him (in spirit and truth). iv. Paul reminds us of the futility of trying to make God into our own image: Professing to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man; and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things. (Romans 1:22-23) c. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God: How can it be said that God is a jealous God? “God’s jealousy is love in action. He refuses to share the human heart with any rival, not because He is selfish and wants us all for Himself, but because He knows that upon that loyalty to Him depends our very moral life . . . God is not jealous of us: He is jealous for us.” (Redpath) d. Visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me: This does not mean God punishes us directly for the sins of our ancestors. The important words are of those who hate Me - if the descendants love God, they will not have the iniquity of the fathers visited on them. i. “‘This necessarily implies - IF the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty.” (Clarke) ii. Yet, the focus here is on idolatry, and this refers to judgment on a national scale - nations that forsake the LORD will be judged, and that judgment will have effects throughout generations. 4. (11) The third commandment: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain. a. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: We can break the third commandment through profanity (using the name of God in blasphemy and cursing), frivolity (using the name of God in a superficial, stupid way), and hypocrisy (claiming the name of God but acting in a way that disgraces Him). i. . Jesus communicated the idea of this command in the disciple’s prayer, when He taught us to have a regard for the holiness of God’s name (Hallowed be Your name, Matthew 6:9). b. For the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain: The strength of this command has led to strange traditions among the Jewish people. Some go to extreme lengths in attempting to fulfill this command, refusing to even write out the name of God, in the fear that the paper might be destroyed and the name of God be written in vain. 5. (12-15) The fourth commandment: Remember the Sabbath day. Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day. a. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: The seventh day (Saturday) was commanded to be respected as a day of rest. This rest was for all of Israel - servants and slaves as well as visitors. i. This is an important principle that might be too easily passed over. Here God declared the essential humanity and dignity of women, slaves, and strangers, and said they had the same right to a day of rest as the free Israeli man. This was certainly a radical concept in the ancient world. ii. In fact, in Moses’ exposition of the Law here in Deuteronomy, he pays special stress on the fact that the Sabbath is for the foreign-born slaves among Israel. Deuteronomy 5:15 (And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt) is not cited in Exodus 20. b. To keep it holy: In their traditions, the Jewish people came to carefully quantify what they thought could and could not be done on the Sabbath day, in order to keep it holy. i. For example, in Luke 6:1-2, in the mind of the Jewish leaders, the disciples were guilty of four violations of the Sabbath every time they took a bite of grain out in the field, because they reaped, threshed, winnowed, and prepared food. ii. Ancient Rabbis taught that on the Sabbath, a man could not carry something in his right hand or in his left hand, across his chest or on his shoulder. But he could carry something with the back of his hand, his foot, his elbow, or in his ear, his hair, or in the hem of his shirt, or in his shoe or sandal. Or, on the Sabbath, you Israelites were forbidden to tie a knot - except, a woman could tie a knot in her girdle. So, if a bucket of water had to be raised from a well, an Israelite could not tie a rope to the bucket, but a woman could tie her girdle to the bucket and pull it up from the well. iii. In observant Jewish homes today, one cannot turn on a light, a stove, or a switch on the Sabbath. It is forbidden to drive a certain distance or to make a telephone call - all carefully regulated by traditions seeking to spell out the law exactly. c. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth: God established the pattern for the Sabbath at the time of creation. When He rested from His works on the seventh day, God made the seventh day a day of rest from all our works (Genesis 2:3). But the most important purpose of the Sabbath was to serve as a shadow of the rest we have in Jesus. i. Some claim that Christians are required to keep the Sabbath today. But the New Testament makes it clear that Christians are not under obligation to observe a Sabbath day (Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11), because Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11). ii. Galatians 4:10 tells us that Christians are not bound to observe days and months and seasons and years. The rest we enter into as Christians is something to experience every day, not just one day a week - the rest of knowing we don’t have to work to save ourselves, but our salvation is accomplished in Jesus (Hebrews 4:9-10). iii. The Sabbath commanded here and observed by Israel was a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ (Colossians 2:16-17). We have a rest in Jesus that is ours to live in every day. Therefore, since the shadow of the Sabbath is fulfilled in Jesus, we are free to keep any day - or no day - as a Sabbath after the custom of ancient Israel. iv. However, though we are free from the legal obligation of the Sabbath, we dare not ignore the importance of a day of rest - God has built us so that we need one. Like a car that needs regular maintenance, we need regular rest - or we will not “wear” well. Some people are like high mileage cars that haven’t been maintained well, and it shows. v. Some Christians are also dogmatic about observing Saturday as the Sabbath as opposed to Sunday. But because we are free to regard all days as given to God, it makes no difference. But in some ways, Sunday is more appropriate; being the day Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9), and first met with His disciples (John 20:19), and a day when Christians gathered for fellowship (Acts 20:7 and 1 Corinthians 16:2). Under Law, men worked towards God’s rest; but after Jesus’ finished work on the cross, the believer enters into rest and goes from that rest out to work. vi. But we are also commanded to work six days. “He who idles his time away in the six days is equally culpable in the sight of God as he who works on the seventh.” (Clarke) Many Christians should give more “leisure time” to the work of the LORD. Every Christian should have a deliberate was to serve God and advance the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. 6. (16) The fifth commandment: honor your father and your mother. Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may be well with you in the land which the LORD your God is giving you. a. Honor your father and your mother: Honor for fathers and mothers is an essential building block for the stability and health of all society. If the younger generations are constantly at war with older generations, the foundations of society will be destroyed. i. Jesus used the way the Pharisees interpreted this commandment as an example of how one might keep the law with a limited interpretation, yet violate the spirit of the commandment (Matthew 15:3-6). b. That your days may be long: In Ephesians 6:2 Paul repeated this command, emphasizing the promise stated here: that your days may be long upon the land. Rebellion is costly, and many have paid a high price personally for their rebellion against their parents. 7. (17) The sixth commandment: You shall not murder. You shall not murder. a. You shall not murder: Some wonder how God can approve both capital punishment (Exodus 19:12) and this prohibition of murder. The simple answer is that in Hebrew as well as English, there is a distinction between to kill and to murder. As opposed to killing, murder is the taking of life without legal justification (execution after due process) or moral justification (killing in defense). b. You shall not murder: Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. He showed that it also prohibits us from hating someone else (Matthew 5:21-26), because we can wish someone dead in our hearts, yet never have the “courage” to commit the deed. Someone may not kill from a lack of courage or initiative, though his or her heart is filled with hatred. 8. (18) The seventh commandment: You shall not commit adultery. You shall not commit adultery. a. You shall not commit adultery: Recognize that the act itself is condemned. God allows no justification for the ways that many people often seek to justify extra-marital sex, such as saying “my partner doesn’t understand me” or “we are in love” or “God led us to be with each other” or any other excuse. i. Michael English, who lost his recording contract and marriage over adultery with another Christian music singer, says of his adultery and its aftermath: “Maybe God allowed this to happen to make me see I needed some freedom.” No! b. You shall not commit adultery: The New Testament clearly condemns adultery: Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication uncleanness, licentiousness . . . (Galatians 5:19). But more than the act itself, Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. It prohibits us from looking at a woman to lust for her, where we commit adultery in our heart or mind, yet may not have the courage or opportunity to do the act (Matthew 5:27-30). We aren’t innocent just because we didn’t have the opportunity to sin the way we really wanted to. 9. (19) The eighth commandment: You shall not steal. You shall not steal. a. Not steal: This command is another important foundation for human society, establishing the right to personal property. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. b. Not steal: We can also steal from God. Of course, this demands we honor God with our financial resources, so we are not guilty of robbing Him (Malachi 3:8-10). But we can also rob God by refusing to give Him ourselves for obedience and His service, because He bought us and owns us: knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold . . . but with the precious blood of Christ (1 Peter 1:18-19); For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s (1 Corinthians 6:20). c. Not steal: Ephesians 4:28 gives the solution to stealing. Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need. 10. (20) The ninth commandment: You shall not bear false witness. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. a. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: We can break the ninth commandment through slander, talebearing, creating false impressions, by silence, by questioning the motives behind someone’s actions, or even by flattery. i. “Slander . . . is a lie invented and spread with intent to do harm. That is the worst form of injury a person can do to another. Compared to one who does this, a gangster is a gentleman, and a murderer is kind, because he ends life in a moment with a stroke and with little pain. But the man guilty of slander ruins a reputation which may never be regained, and causes lifelong suffering.” (Redpath) ii. “Talebearing . . . is repeating a report about a person without careful investigation. Many, many times I have known what it is to suffer with that. To repeat a story which brings discredit and dishonor to another person without making sure of the facts, is breaking this commandment . . . How many people, especially Christian people, revel in this, and delight in working havoc by telling tales about others. To excuse the action by saying they believed the report to be true, or that there was no intention to malign, is no justification.” (Redpath) iii. What about inappropriate silence? “When someone utters a falsity about another and a third person is present who knows that statement to be untrue but, for reasons of fear or being disliked, remains quiet, that third person is as guilty of breaking this law as if he had told a lie.” (Redpath) b. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The New Testament puts it simply. Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds (Colossians 3:9) “How very strange that we have ever come to think that Christian maturity is shown by the ability to speak our minds, whereas it is really expressed in controlling our tongues.” (Redpath) i. “What a startling revelation it would be if a tape recording could be played of all that every church member has said about his fellow members in one week!” (Redpath) ii. Satan is always there to encourage a lie (John 8:44; Acts 5:3); and Jesus Himself was the victim of false witness (Mark 14:57); in some ways, we might say this was the sin that sent Jesus to the cross. 11. (21) The tenth commandment: You shall not covet. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife; and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s. a. You shall not covet: All the first nine commands focus more on things we do; the tenth deals straight with the heart and its desires. i. Literally, the word for “covet” here means “to pant after.” Covetousness works like this: the eyes look upon an object, the mind admires it, the will goes over to it, and the body moves in to possess it. Just because you have not taken the final step does not mean you are not in the process of coveting right now. b. Your neighbor’s house . . . wife . . . ox . . . donkey: Covetousness can be expressed towards all sorts of things; it is the itch to have and to possess what someone else has. It speaks of a dissatisfaction with what we have, and a jealously towards those who have something “better.” i. Hebrews 13:5 puts it well: Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” ii. This last commandment is closely connected with the first commandment against idolatry: For this you know, that no . . . covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God (Ephesians 5:5). iii. Jesus gave a special warning about covetousness, which explained the core philosophy of the covetous heart: And He said to them, “Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one’s life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses.” (Luke 12:15) B. The response of Israel and the response of God at Mount Sinai. 1. (22-27) The response of Israel: shrinking fear. “These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly, in the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice; and He added no more. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. So it was, when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, that you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders. And you said: ‘Surely the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire. We have seen this day that God speaks with man; yet he still lives. Now therefore, why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the LORD our God anymore, then we shall die. For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived? You go near and hear all that the LORD our God may say, and tell us all that the LORD our God says to you, and we will hear and do it.’“ a. In the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice: The whole scene was indeed awesome: The LORD spoke; there was fire, a cloud, thick darkness, a loud voice; and it all made such an impression on Israel that they asked Moses to not have God speak to them so directly any more. i. Why should we die? . . . if we hear the voice of the LORD our God anymore, then we shall die makes it plain. The Mount Sinai experience was not one of sweet fellowship with God. The message of Mount Sinai was not “come unto Me,” but “stay away, for I am holy and you are not.” ii. This is exactly the message of the writer to the Hebrews in Hebrews 12:18-24: We, under the New Covenant, have not come to Mount Sinai and the message “stay away”; we have come to Mount Zion, where God’s message is “come unto Me.” b. Tell us all that the LORD our God says to you, and we will hear and do it: Israel was far too confident in their ability to keep the law of God. Their experience at Mount Sinai convinced them of God’s glory, but not of their own corruption and inability. 2. (28-33) God responds with hopeful pleasure in Israel. “Then the LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and the LORD said to me: ‘I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They are right in all that they have spoken. Oh, that they had such a heart in them that they would fear Me and always keep all My commandments, that it might be well with them and with their children forever! Go and say to them, “Return to your tents.” But as for you, stand here by Me, and I will speak to you all the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I am giving them to possess.’ Therefore you shall be careful to do as the LORD your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. You shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God has commanded you, that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you shall possess.” a. They are right in all they have spoken: God was pleased with Israel’s response. Their response was evidence that they took Him seriously. b. Oh, that they had such a heart: The feeling is that God liked what He saw in Israel, but “hoped” (to use a figure of speech, because God doesn’t “hope” for things the way we do) that they would keep the same attitude of heart. In fact, Israel did not keep this heart; not 40 days later they danced in worship around a golden calf. c. That it might be well with them and their children forever! This is God’s motive in calling for our obedience - that it might be well with us. Every command of God is rooted in love for us, not some obsessive desire for control, or mean-spirited attitude towards us. d. Therefore you shall be careful to do as the LORD your God has commanded you: Knowing the glory of God (as revealed at Mount Sinai) and the love of God (as revealed by His longing that it might be well with them), gave them all the more reason to obey God. i. When we have trouble obeying God, we are clearly lacking in one or both of these areas. Either we forget His glory or we forget His love for us, or we forget both of them. Deuteronomy 6 - Moses Reminds Israel of the Commandment and the Warning A. The Commandment: The essence of God’s law. 1. (1-3) Remember the commandment before entering Canaan. Now this is the commandment, and these are the statutes and judgments which the LORD your God has commanded to teach you, that you may observe them in the land which you are crossing over to possess, that you may fear the LORD your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, you and your son and your grandson, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged. Therefore hear, O Israel, and be careful to observe it, that it may be well with you, and that you may multiply greatly as the LORD God of your fathers has promised you; “a land flowing with milk and honey.” a. Now this is the commandment: The Hebrew is emphatic here. Moses called attention to The Commandment. In the following verses, God reduced the law to one ruling principle - one commandment which encompassed all the commandments. b. That your days may be prolonged . . . that it may be well with you: Israel’s fate rested on their obedience to this one great commandment. If they obeyed their commandment, their life would be long and filled with blessing. If they did not obey they could expect to be cursed by God. 2. (4-5) The great commandment: Love the LORD your God. Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one! You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. a. Hear, O Israel: In Hebrew, these verses are known as the Shema (“hear” in Hebrew). It is the classic Hebrew confession of faith, describing who God is and what our duty is towards Him. b. The LORD our God, the LORD is one! This is the essential truth about God. He is a person and not a vague pantheistic force. Being one, He cannot be represented by contradictory images. Since the LORD our God is one, He is not Baal, or Ashtoreth - He is the LORD God, and they are not. i. In the mind of many Jewish people, this verse alone disqualified the New Testament teaching that Jesus is God, and the New Testament teaching of the Trinity - that there is one God, existing in three Persons. At some times and places, as Jewish synagogues said the Shema together, and when the word one (echad) was said, they loudly and strongly repeated that one word for several minutes, as if it were a rebuke to Christians who believed in the Trinity. ii. Christians must come to a renewed understanding of the unity of God. They must appreciate the fact that the LORD is one, not three, as 1 Corinthians 8:6 says: yet for us there is one God. We worship one God, existing in three persons, not three separate gods. iii. Yet, the statement the LORD is one certainly does not contradict the truth of the Trinity. In fact, it establishes that truth. The Hebrew word for one is echad, which speaks most literally of a compound unity, instead of using the Hebrew word yacheed, which speaks of an absolute unity or singularity (Genesis 22:2 and Psalm 25:16). iv. The very first use of echad in the Bible is in Genesis 1:5: So the evening and the morning were the first day. Even here, we see a unity (one day) with the idea of plurality (made up of evening and morning). Genesis 2:24 uses echad in saying the two shall become one flesh. Again, the idea of a unity (one flesh), making a plurality (the two). In Exodus 26:6 and 11, the fifty gold clasps are used to hold the curtains together so the tent would be one (echad) - a unity (one) made up of a plurality (the many parts of the tabernacle). In Ezekiel 37:17 the LORD tells Ezekiel to join together two sticks (prophetically representing Ephraim and Judah) into one (echad), speaking again of a unity (one stick) made up of a plurality (the two sticks). There is no way that echad has the exclusive idea of an absolute singularity; the idea of One God in Three Persons fits just fine with the term echad. c. The LORD our God: In addition, even the name of God in this line suggests the plurality of God. The Hebrew word is Elohim and grammatically, it is a plural word used as if it were singular - the verbs and pronouns used with it are generally in the plural. i. Rabbi Simeon ben Joachi, commenting on the word Elohim: “Come and see the mystery of the word Elohim; there are three degrees, and each degree by itself alone, and yet notwithstanding they are all one, and joined together in one, and are not divided from each other.” Clarke adds: “He must be strangely prejudiced indeed who cannot see that the doctrine of a Trinity, and of a Trinity in unity, is expressed in the above words.” ii. Leupold quoting Luther on Elohim: “But we have clear testimony that Moses aimed to indicate the Trinity or the three persons in the one divine nature.” d. Love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might: Knowing who God is enables us to act towards Him rightly. We give Him His due. i. God wants a complete love from us. This love is appropriate because He loved us completely: We love Him because He first loved us (1 John 4:19). ii. What God most wants from us is our love. We often think God demands a hundred other things from us - our money, our time, our effort, our will, our submission, and so forth - but what God really wants is our love. When we really love the LORD with all of our heart, soul, and mind, then everything else is freely given to the LORD. If we give the LORD all the rest - money, time, effort, will, and so forth - without giving Him our love, it is all wasted - and perhaps, all is lost. iii. Jesus called this the great commandment (Matthew 22:37-38); and He said the second commandment, you shall love your neighbor as yourself, was like this first, great commandment. When we love the LORD our God with all our heart, soul, and mind, we will find it easy to love our neighbor as ourselves. 3. (6-9) The continual reminder of the Law. And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. a. These words which I command you today shall be in your heart: This great command must first be in our heart. Then it must be communicated to our children, the topic of our conversation, and should always be in front of us - as near as our hand or our forehead, as ever before us as our door posts and gates. b. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand: By the time of Jesus the Jewish people based the practice of wearing phylacteries on this passage. Phylacteries are small boxes holding parchment with scriptures on them, held to the forehead or hand with leather straps. i. Jesus condemned abuse of the wearing of phylacteries among the Pharisees; they would make their phylactery boxes large and ostentatious as a display of greater spirituality (Matthew 23:5). ii. In the end times, there will be a Satanic imitation of this practice, when the number of the Antichrist will be applied to either the hand or forehead of all who will take it (Revelation 13:16). c. You shall write them on the doorposts of your houses: This command leads to the Jewish practice of the mezuzah. This is a small container holding a passage of Scripture that is nailed to a doorpost. B. The danger of disobedience. 1. (10-12) The danger of leaving God in times of prosperity. So it shall be, when the LORD your God brings you into the land of which He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build, houses full of all good things, which you did not fill, hewn-out wells which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant; when you have eaten and are full; then beware, lest you forget the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. a. To give you large and beautiful cities which you did not build: God planned to bring Israel into an abundant, prepared land. In this abundant blessing God had for Israel, there was an inherent danger: That they would forget the LORD who brought you out of the land of Egypt. b. Lest you forget the LORD: This cycle would be repeated through the history of Israel, especially in the time of the Judges. God would bless an obedient Israel, and they would prosper; they would begin to set their heart on the blessings instead of the LORD who blessed them; God would allow chastisement to turn Israel’s focus back upon Him; Israel would repent and obey again, and God would again bless and obedient Israel and they would prosper. i. We usually fail to appreciate the danger of success and prosperity; we agree there is a theoretical danger in those things, but rarely think it applies to us. ii. It is just a lot easier to forget the LORD your brought you out . . . from the house of bondage when there are no circumstances forcing you to remember Him. 2. (13-19) How to avoid apostasy in times of prosperity: honoring the LORD in everything we do. You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him, and shall take oaths in His name. You shall not go after other gods, the gods of the peoples who are all around you (for the LORD your God is a jealous God among you), lest the anger of the LORD your God be aroused against you and destroy you from the face of the earth. You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him in Massah. You shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, His testimonies, and His statutes which He has commanded you. And you shall do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD, that it may be well with you, and that you may go in and possess the good land of which the LORD swore to your fathers, to cast out all your enemies from before you, as the LORD has spoken. a. You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him: When we do this, the idea is not of a shrinking fear from an angry God. Instead, the idea of fear is more in the concept of an awe-filled respect, an inner repulsion at the idea of offending such a great, loving God who has done so much for us. i. This is the passage of Scripture Jesus quoted back to Satan when tempted by Satan to avoid the cross and win back the world, if He would only bow down and worship Satan. Jesus rightly replies, based on the truth You shall fear the LORD your God and serve Him that it was only right to fear, and worship, and serve God - and it was wrong to bow down to Satan, no matter what might be given Him in return (Matthew 4:8-10). b. And shall take oaths in His name: although the concept of the oath in God’s name can certainly be abused (as Jesus pointed out in Matthew 5:33-37), there certainly is a permissible use of oaths by those who follow God - since God Himself uses oaths (Hebrews 6:13). Here, Israel is being told “you are to swear an oath only in the name of the LORD, not in the name of any other god.” c. You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him at Massah: In Exodus 17:1-7, Israel tempted the LORD by doubting His love and concern for them. This was tempting or testing God regarding His love for Israel, something that is not only high-handed against the LORD (because we have no right to administer a test to the Almighty) but also disregarding His previous, and constant demonstrations of love and care for Israel (by demanding that God prove His love for them now by giving them what they want). i. Anytime we deny God’s love for us, or demand He do something for us, we are testing Him as if He must answer to our standards, and tempting Him to judge us. ii. This is the passage of Scripture which Jesus quoted back to Satan in the wilderness, when tempted to make God the Father prove His love for the Son by spectacularly protecting Jesus if He should jump off the pinnacle of the temple (Matthew 4:5-7). Jesus knew it was wrong to demand this sort of “proof” from His Father, since every day was proof of God the Father’s love for the Son! d. And you shall do what is right . . . that it may be well with you: This theme is constantly repeated. Under the Old Covenant, Israel’s blessing was based on their obedience. When they obeyed they would be blessed; when they disobeyed they would be cursed. i. This is not the source of blessing in the New Covenant. In the New Covenant, we are blessed by faith in Jesus, since He fulfills the law in our place (Romans 8:3-4). The watchwords for blessing under the Old Covenant were earning and deserving; under the New Covenant, blessing comes by believing and receiving. ii. The New Covenant system works because when we receive the New Covenant, God sends with it an inner transformation, where the law of God and the desire to do His will is now written on our hearts. Through the New Covenant, God makes us “safe” for His grace by this inner transformation. iii. Under the New Covenant there is no judgment from God for our disobedience, because all the judgment we deserved was put upon Jesus at the cross. However, there may be correction from the hand of a loving God the Father (not in the sense of making us pay for our sin, but in the sense of training us not to continue in sin), and there are the natural consequences of our disobedience, which God has not promised to shield us from. iv. Christians who fear the “freedom” of a New Covenant relationship with God must ask this question: did Israel come to great obedience to God through the Old Covenant? Does the system of earning and deserving blessing make us truly more godly than the system of believing and receiving? Or does it leave us either in total desperation (where one can then look to Jesus), or in total pride in our own works before God (as were the religious leaders of Jesus’ day who had a significant hand in crucifying Him)? 3. (20-25) How to avoid apostasy in times of prosperity: Teach your children to understand and honor the LORD. When your son asks you in time to come, saying, “What is the meaning of the testimonies, the statutes, and the judgments which the LORD our God has commanded you?” then you shall say to your son: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand; and the LORD showed signs and wonders before our eyes, great and severe, against Egypt, Pharaoh, and all his household. Then He brought us out from there, that He might bring us in, to give us the land of which He swore to our fathers. And the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that He might preserve us alive, as it is this day. Then it will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments before the LORD our God, as He has commanded us.” a. When your son asks you in time to come: Often, the apostasy which comes from prosperity afflicts the next generation more than the present. They grow up expecting such prosperity and blessing, without understanding the repentance and walk with God which led to the prosperity. b. Then you shall say to your son: Therefore, it was essential for Israel to teach and warn their children, so that the blessings given to one generation would not become a curse to the next generation. i. Key to the teaching was the simple recounting of Israel’s testimony - how God saved them from the bondage of Egypt. Parents need to relate to their children how they came to a personal relationship with Jesus, so the children understand that they must come to the same relationship. c. It will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to observe all these commandments: If one will obtain true righteousness through the law, it is simple (though not easy): observe all the commandments. But if you are lacking in observing any commandment, then you need the atonement of a Perfect Sacrifice - Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Deuteronomy 7 - Commands to Conquer and Obey A. The Conquest of the Canaanites is commanded. 1. (1-5) The command to completely destroy the Canaanites and their culture. When the LORD your God brings you into the land which you go to possess, and has cast out many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you, and when the LORD your God delivers them over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them. Nor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; so the anger of the LORD will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly. But thus you shall deal with them: you shall destroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images, and burn their carved images with fire. a. When the LORD your God: Israel wasn’t in the land yet, but Moses still instructed them as if it were a certainty. This was based on the faithful promise of God, but it was also according to His principle of preparation. God prepares us before He brings us into a place. b. Greater and mightier than you: “Sure,” Moses said, “the Canaanite nations are greater and mightier than you. But they are not greater and mightier than God.” God brought Israel to face a challenge that was impossible in their own strength - but entirely possible in Him. c. When the LORD your God delivers them over to you: Not “if,” but when. God could be counted on. d. You shall conquer them and utterly destroy them: Yet, God would not do it all for them. The extent of the work would depend on their faithful response to what God would do. i. Utterly destroy them . . . nor show mercy to them: This principle of battle until absolute victory is the key to victory as we take the Promised Land of blessing and peace God has for us in Jesus. We show no mercy to our enemies in the land, but we destroy them utterly. Many of us, truth be told, simply do not want to completely destroy the sins which keep us from God’s Promised Land of blessing and peace - we want to weaken them, and have some control over them, but we do not want to utterly destroy them. e. Destroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images, and burn their carved images: We are especially to destroy anything which would lead us into a false or foreign worship. i. This radical, complete destruction was important because of the depraved nature of the worship of the Canaanites, who worshipped male and female gods of sex and who practiced human sacrifice with their own children. 2. (6-8) Conquer them completely because the LORD loves you. For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; but because the LORD loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. a. For you are a holy people to the LORD your God: Israel was holy in their standing before God before they were holy in their conduct. They were set apart unto God by His choosing (God has chosen you to be a people for Himself), and were then called to live as chosen people. b. The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number: As much as anything, their election meant the LORD set His love on them. Their motivation for such a total obedience was to be that they knew they were loved by God. i. This is the great motivation for obedience: knowing and walking in the love of God. When we really believe God loves us, and live with that belief as a conscious fact, we find it so much easier to obey - and to utterly destroy anything that would damage that relationship of love. 3. (9-11) Conquer them completely because you serve a God of justice. Therefore know that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments; and He repays those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He will not be slack with him who hates Him; He will repay him to his face. Therefore you shall keep the commandment, the statutes, and the judgments which I command you today, to observe them. a. He repays those who hate Him to their face: Over many generations the Canaanites had demonstrated their hatred for God, Now, using Israel as His instrument, God will repay them with judgment. B. Blessing on an obedient Israel. 1. (12-16) Abundant blessings for obedience. Then it shall come to pass, because you listen to these judgments, and keep and do them, that the LORD your God will keep with you the covenant and the mercy which He swore to your fathers. And He will love you and bless you and multiply you; He will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flock, in the land of which He swore to your fathers to give you. You shall be blessed above all peoples; there shall not be a male or female barren among you or among your livestock. And the LORD will take away from you all sickness, and will afflict you with none of the terrible diseases of Egypt which you have known, but will lay them on all those who hate you. And you shall destroy all the peoples whom the LORD your God delivers over to you; your eye shall have no pity on them; nor shall you serve their gods, for that will be a snare to you. 2. (17-24) Have confidence in God’s strength. If you should say in your heart, “These nations are greater than I; how can I dispossess them?”; you shall not be afraid of them, but you shall remember well what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt: the great trials which your eyes saw, the signs and the wonders, the mighty hand and the outstretched arm, by which the LORD your God brought you out. So shall the LORD your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid. Moreover the LORD your God will send the hornet among them until those who are left, who hide themselves from you, are destroyed. You shall not be terrified of them; for the LORD your God, the great and awesome God, is among you. And the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you little by little; you will be unable to destroy them at once, lest the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. But the LORD your God will deliver them over to you, and will inflict defeat upon them until they are destroyed. And He will deliver their kings into your hand, and you will destroy their name from under heaven; no one shall be able to stand against you until you have destroyed them. a. You shall not be afraid of them, but you shall remember well what the LORD your God did: Their recollection of God’s faithfulness in the past would give them hope for their current struggle. b. You will be unable to destroy them at once: God would go before Israel and fight for them (the great and awesome God, is among you) but He would not drive all the enemies out at once. Perhaps Israel wanted the land all cleared out before them, but God knew it was not best for the land or for them. c. Lest the beast of the field become too numerous for you: The way easiest for Israel was for God to clear all Israel’s enemies out at once. But this easy way had consequences Israel could not see or appreciate. d. Little by little: Sometimes to our frustration, this is the way God often works in our life. He clears things away little by little even though we might prefer it all at once. But God wanted Israel to grow spiritually in the process of taking the Promised Land. i. Doing it all at once might seem easier and better to us, but will have consequences we cannot see or appreciate. God cares that we grow, and so He grows us little by little. 3. (25-26) Do not share in their abominations. You shall burn the carved images of their gods with fire; you shall not covet the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, lest you be snared by it; for it is an abomination to the LORD your God. Nor shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be doomed to destruction like it. You shall utterly detest it and utterly abhor it, for it is an accursed thing. Deuteronomy 8 - A Warning Against Pride A. God’s work of building humility in Israel during the wilderness wanderings. 1. (1-2) God humbled and tested Israel. Every commandment which I command you today you must be careful to observe, that you may live and multiply, and go in and possess the land of which the LORD swore to your fathers. And you shall remember that the LORD your God led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you and test you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not. a. Every command . . . you must be careful to observe: God called Israel to a complete obedience. This obedience was to be based on remembering what the LORD had done among them in the wilderness. b. To humble you: God humbled Israel. He brought them to a place where all they could do was depend on Him. They had nothing else, and no one else to count on. i. Some think that God’s work of humbling is accomplished just by bringing us into a humble place. But it is where our heart is while we are in the humble place that God is really concerned about. We may be in a humble place, but longing for something different. We may believe that God owes something different to us, and we will soon get it. Instead, God wants us to be content in the humble place He puts us. c. And test you: God tested Israel. It was not because He didn’t know their hearts, but because they didn’t know their hearts. We have to constantly be corrected of our over-estimation of ourselves. 2. (3-5) God’s education of Israel in the wilderness. So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD. Your garments did not wear out on you, nor did your foot swell these forty years. You should know in your heart that as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you. a. So He humbled you: All of God’s education begins here. Some never even make it past this first essential step. If we are not humble and not teachable, there is then no point to the rest of any of God’s education. b. Allowed you to hunger, and fed you manna: The next grade of God’s education is total dependence on the LORD. Israel had to rely on God beyond their own knowledge (which you did not know), and beyond their own ability. c. That He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone: In the negative, this was the lesson God wanted them to learn. In the positive, they had to learn that man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD. Sadly, many still live by bread alone, living only for material things, for what can be bought or sold or earned or possessed materially. i. This statement is a command; but it is also a simple statement of fact: man shall not live by bread alone. You may exist by material things alone, but you will not live. Anyone thinking they live for bread alone is actually one of the living dead. ii. Some don’t live by God’s word because they fight with God’s word: “The worst impliment with which you can knock a man down, is the Bible; it is intended for us to live upon, - not to be the weapon of our controversies, but our daily food, upon which we rejoice to live.” (Spurgeon) iii. We live by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God, not by every feeling we experience. “You have never received spiritual life by your own feelings. It was when you believed God’s Word that you lived; and you will never get an increase of spiritual life, and grow in grace, by your own feelings or your own doings. It must still be by your believing the promises and feeding on the Word.” (Spurgeon) iv. It is the word of God that is our food and substance, and not our own dreams or imaginations. If you are more excited about some dream or vision than you are about God’s word, then something is wrong. The prophet who has a dream, let him tell a dream; And he who has My word, let him speak My word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat?” says the LORD. (Jeremiah 23:28) v. We live by every word: “In places where they cut diamonds, they sweep up the dust, because the very dust of diamonds is valuable; and in the Word of God, all the truth is so precious that the very tiniest truth, if there be such a thing, is still diamond dust, and is unspeakably precious.” (Spurgeon) vi. Find life in every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD! “Oh, keep to the Word, my brothers! Keep to it as God’s Word, and as coming out of his mouth. Suck it down into your soul; you cannot have too much of it. Feed on it day and night, for thus will God make you to live the life that is life indeed.” (Spurgeon) 3. (6-10) Blessings in the land for Israel. Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God, to walk in His ways and to fear Him. For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and springs, that flow out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing; a land whose stones are iron and out of whose hills you can dig copper. When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you. a. Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God: If Israel would put their focus on every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD, then the LORD would take care of all the material things - and bring them into a materially abundant land. i. God is not against material things - except when they come between us and Him. God wanted to materially bless a spiritually obedient Israel. ii. “The reference to iron and copper in the hills is remarkably exact. Ancient copper mines and smelters have been discovered in recent years in the Arabah below the Dead Sea, and geological survey has demonstrated the presence of ores of copper and iron in the nearby hills.” (Thompson) b. Then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you: This is the simple principle of Matthew 6:33 - But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. B. A warning against pride. 1. (11-17) The danger of pride in the blessed life. Beware that you do not forget the LORD your God by not keeping His commandments, His judgments, and His statutes which I command you today, lest; when you have eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them; and when your herds and your flocks multiply, and your silver and your gold are multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied; when your heart is lifted up, and you forget the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage; who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock; who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end; then you say in your heart, “My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.” a. Beware that you do not forget the LORD your God by not keeping His commandments: When everything this fine and our lives are filled with abundance, it is not hard to have our hearts lifted up. We can easily forget the LORD Himself and forget it was all His work on our behalf. b. My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth: This is rarely said with the lips; it is said instead in the heart. It is easier to say “God did it” or “It’s all the blessing of the LORD” than it is to really mean these words in the heart. 2. (18) The correcting principle against pride in the blessed life. And you shall remember the LORD your God, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day. a. Remember the LORD your God: In times of abundance, it is easy to forget the LORD, or to at least no longer seek Him with the urgency we once had. b. It is He who gives you power to get wealth: We often thinking highly of our own hard work and brilliance. Yet we must see that God gives us the body, the brain, and the talent. It is all of God. c. That He may establish His covenant: This reminds us why God has blessed us. His plan is that it would ultimately further His eternal purpose. Therefore we have no right to use our material blessing to further selfish purposes; instead, we use our resources to advance His kingdom. 3. (19-20) The penalty of pride in the blessed life. Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the LORD your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish. As the nations which the LORD destroys before you, so you shall perish, because you would not be obedient to the voice of the LORD your God. a. I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish: Moses loved Israel, but he loved God more. Without hesitation, he would take the witness stand against a disobedient, proud Israel - and warn them before God that they will surely perish because of their pride and disobedience. b. As the nations which the LORD destroys before you, so shall you perish: Israel would be tempted to look at the nations being judged in front of them, and to think, “We’re better than them, so we are safe. God would never deal with us that way.” But God would deal with them that way if they rose up in pride against Him. c. So you shall perish: Pride is the greatest danger in the Christian life. It is the most Satanic of sins, because it was by pride that Satan himself fell. Satan prizes a proud believer over the most notorious sinner, because he looks at the proud believer and says, “Now there’s a man just like me!” i. Pride of face is obnoxious; pride of race is vulgar; but the worst pride is the pride of grace.

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11. Genesis 2-3 (Adam in the Garden of Eden & Man’s Temptation and Fall)

Genesis 2-3 (Adam in the Garden of Eden & Man’s Temptation and Fall)

Genesis 2 - Creation Completed; Adam in the Garden of Eden A. The completion of creation. 1. (1-3) The seventh day of creation. Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. a. And He rested on the seventh day: God did not need rest on the seventh day because He was tired. He rested to show His creating work was done, to give a pattern to man regarding the structure of time (in seven-day weeks), and to give an example of the blessing of rest to man on the seventh day. i. The seven-day week is permanently ingrained in man. Though some through history tried to change the seven-day week (a ten-day week was attempted during the French Revolution), those attempts have come to nothing. We are on a seven-day cycle because God is on a seven-day cycle. b. God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it: God sanctified the seventh day because it was a gift to man for rest and replenishment, and most of all because the Sabbath is a shadow of the rest available through the person and work of Jesus Christ. i. Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11 make it clear that Christians are not under obligation to observe the Sabbath today, because Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11). Yet Christians do not lose the Sabbath; every day is a day of rest in the finished work of Jesus Christ. Every day is specially set apart to God. ii. Though we are free from the legal obligation of the Sabbath, we dare not ignore the importance of a day of rest. God has built us so we need one. But we are also commanded to work six days. “He who idles his time away in the six days is equally culpable in the sight of God as he who works on the seventh.” (Clarke) In our modern world of four or five day workweeks and generous vacation time, surely more “leisure time” can be given to the work of the Lord. c. In it He rested from all His work: Though God rested on the seventh day of creation, He did not institute the Sabbath or show us His rest for His own sake. God does not take the Sabbath off. Jesus Himself said, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working” (John 5:17). God does not need a day off, but man needs to see the rest of God and know he can enter into it by the finished work of Jesus. i. The description of each other day of creation ended with the phrase, “so the evening and the morning were the…day.” However, this seventh day of creation does not have that phrase. This is because God’s rest for us isn’t confined to one literal day. In Jesus, God has an eternal Sabbath rest for His people (Hebrews 4:9-11). ii. “God, having completed His work of creation, rests, as if to say, ‘This is the destiny of those who are My people; to rest as I rest, to rest in Me.’ ” (Boice) 2. (4-7) The history of the heavens and the earth. This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. a. This is the history of the heavens and the earth: This probably ends the “genealogy” of the heavens and the earth, a history given directly by God to either Moses or Adam, recording the history of God’s seven-day creation. This was something no human was present to witness. b. In the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens: This is the first use of Lord (Yahweh) in the Bible. Our English word Lord comes from the Anglo-Saxon word for bread (as does our word loaf), because ancient English men of high stature would keep a continual open house, where all could come and get bread to eat. They gained the honorable title of lords, meaning “dispensers of bread.” c. Before any plant of the field was in the earth: This history begins before there was any vegetation on the earth at all (back to Genesis 1:1), a time when there was only space and a watery globe we know as the earth. d. The Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth: When God first created vegetation (on the third day of creation, Genesis 1:11-13), man was not yet been created to care for the vegetation of the earth, and there was no rain. The thick blanket of water vapor in the outer atmosphere created on the second day of creation (Genesis 1:6-8) made for no rain cycle (as we know it) but for a rich system of evaporation and condensation, resulting in heavy dew or ground-fog. e. The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground: When God created man He made him out of the most basic elements, the dust of the ground. There is nothing “spectacular” in what man is made of, only in the way those basic things are organized. i. When the Bible speaks of dust, it means something of little worth, associated with lowliness and humility (Genesis 18:27; 1 Samuel 2:8; 1 Kings 16:2). In the Bible, dust isn’t evil and it isn’t nothing; but it is next to nothing. f. And breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being: With this Divine breath man became a living being, like other forms of animal life (the term chay nephesh is used in Genesis 1:21, 1:21, and here). Yet only man is a living being made in the image of God (Genesis 1:26-27). i. The word for breath in Hebrew is ruach - the word imitates the very sound of breath - is the same word for Spirit, as is the case in both ancient Greek (pneuma) and Latin (spiritus). God created man by putting His breath, His Spirit, within him. ii. “The implication, readily seen by any Hebrew reader, [is] that man was specially created by God’s breathing some of His own breath into him.” (Boice) iii. The King James Version reads: man became a living soul. This makes some wonder if man is a soul, or if man has a soul. This passage seems to indicate that man is a soul, while passages like 1 Thessalonians 5:23 and Hebrews 4:12 seem to indicate that man has a soul. It seems that the Scripture speaks in both ways, and uses the term in different ways and in different contexts. B. Adam in the Garden of Eden. 1. (8-9) Two trees in the Garden of Eden. The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. And out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. a. The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden: Eden was a garden specifically planted by God; it was a place God made to be a perfect habitation for Adam (and later, Eve). b. There he put the man whom He had formed: The details in the creation of Adam and Eve teach us something. After reading Genesis 1, we might have assumed that man and woman were made at the same time, but the text doesn’t specifically say so. We assume it. We don’t know the details about man’s creation until Genesis 2. c. Out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow: The rest of Genesis chapter 2 does not present a different or contradictory account of creation. Rather, it is probably the history of creation from Adam’s perspective. This is Adam’s experience of creation, which does not contradict the account of Genesis 1:1-2:7 - it fills it out. i. In Matthew 19:4-5, Jesus refered to events in Genesis 1 and to events in Genesis 2 as one harmonious account. d. The tree of life…the tree of the knowledge of good and evil: These two trees were among all the other trees God created and put in the Garden of Eden. i. The tree of life was to grant (or to sustain) eternal life (Genesis 3:22). God still has a tree of life available to the His people (Revelation 2:7), which is in heaven (Revelation 22:2). ii. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil was the “temptation” tree. Eating the fruit of this tree would give Adam an experiential knowledge of good and evil. Or, it is possible that it is called the tree of the knowledge of good and evil not so man would know good and evil, but so God could test good and evil in man. 2. (10-14) Rivers in the Garden. Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good. Bdellium and the onyx stone are there. The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush. The name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates. a. Now a river went out of Eden: The whole feel of this account gives the sense that it was written by an actual eyewitness of the rivers and surroundings. Adam probably wrote this himself. b. The name of the first is Pishon: These rivers are given specific names which answer to names of rivers known in either their modern or ancient world. However, the names of these rivers can’t be used to determine the place of the Garden of Eden because the flood dramatically changed the earth’s landscape and “erased” these rivers. i. We know modern rivers today such as the Tigris or Euphrates because some rivers in the post-flood world were named after familiar pre-flood rivers by Noah and his sons. 3. (15-17) God’s command to Adam. Then the Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” a. Put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it: God put Adam into the most spectacular paradise the world has seen, but God put Adam there to do work (to tend and keep it). Work is something good for man and was part of Adam’s perfect existence before the fall. i. “The ideal state of sinless man is not one of indolence without responsibility. Work and duty belong to the perfect state.” (Leupold) b. Of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat: The presence of this tree - the presence of a choice for Adam - was good because for Adam to be a creature of free will, there had to be a choice, some opportunity to rebel against God. If there is never a command or never something forbidden there can then never be choice. God wants our love and obedience to Him to be the love and obedience of choice. i. Considering all that, look at Adam’s advantages. He only had one way he could sin and we have countless ways. There are many trees of temptation in our lives, but Adam had only one. ii. God made this command originally to Adam, not to Eve; God had not yet brought woman out of man. c. In the day that you eat of it you shall surely die: God not only made His command clear to Adam, but He also clearly explained the consequences for disobedience. C. God creates the first woman. 1. (18) God declares He will make a helper comparable to Adam. And the Lord God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him.” a. It is not good that man should be alone: For the first time, God saw something that was not good - the aloneness of man. God never intended for man to be alone, either in the marital or social sense. i. Marriage, in particular, has a blessed “civilizing” influence on man. The most wild, violent, sociopathic men in history have always been single, never under the plan God gave to influence men for good. This is not good! b. I will make him a helper comparable to him: God’s “blueprint” for creating this companion to Adam was to make a helper comparable to Adam. i. Different versions of the Bible translate this idea in a variety of ways, but the idea is essentially the same in each of them: · Helper meet (suitable, adapted, completing) (Amplified) · A companion ... a helper suited to his needs (Living) · A helper such as he needs (Beck) · A helper correspondent to himself (Septuagint Bible) · A helper suitable (NIV, NASB) · A help meet for him (KJV) c. A helper comparable: In reference to the marriage relationship, God created woman to be a perfectly suitable helper to the man. This means God gave the plan and agenda to Adam, and he and the woman together work to fulfill it. i. The phrase “in reference to the marriage relationship” is used because God has not ordained women to be helpers to men in authority (instead of being in authority themselves), except in marriage and in the church (1 Timothy 2:12-13). ii. God gives to man the responsibility (and the accountability) to be the leader in the home and gives to the woman the responsibility and the accountability to help him. iii. This does not mean there is to be no help from the man to the woman (though in many cases this is sadly true). It means when God looks down from heaven upon the family, He sees a man in leadership, good or bad, faithful or not, to the calling of leadership. A true leader will, of course, help those helping him. iv. We only see “helping” as a position of inferiority when we think like the world thinks. God considers positions of service as most important in His sight (Matthew 20:25-28). d. A helper comparable: Not only was the woman to be a helper, but also she was made comparable to the man. She should be considered and honored as such. A woman or wife cannot be regarded as a mere tool or worker, but as an equal partner in God’s grace and an equal human being. 2. (19-20) No helper was found comparable for Adam among the animals. Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him. a. Brought them to Adam to see what he would call them: If Adam had the capability to intelligently name all the animals, it shows he was a brilliant man. Since at this time Adam’s intellect had not yet suffered from the fall, he was probably the most brilliant man who ever lived. Adam was the first and greatest of all biologists and botanists. b. So Adam gave names: Adam did not name any other animal after himself, calling any other animal “man” or “human.” By this, we see he understood that he was essentially different from all the animals. They were not made in the image of God. i. Mark Twain had a joke where he described Adam coming home to Eve after naming all the animals. Eve looked at an elephant and said, “What did you name that big animal?” Adam replied, “I called it an elephant.” Eve asked, “Why did you call it an elephant?” Adam answered, “Because it looked like an elephant!” c. But for Adam there was not found a helper: It was obvious to Adam that the animals came in pairs and he had no mate. Since God deliberately had Adam name the animals after seeing his need for a partner (Genesis 2:18), God used this to prepare Adam to receive the gift of woman. 3. (21-22) God makes the first woman from Adam’s side. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. Then the rib which the Lord God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to the man. a. God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam: This is the first surgery recorded in history. God even used a proper anesthetic on Adam. b. The ribe which the Lord God had taken from man He made into a woman: God used Adam’s own body to create Eve to forever remind him of their essential oneness. As Adam came to know Eve he would see many ways that they were different, but he must never forget that they are essentially one and that they are made of the same substance. They are more alike than they are different. i. We don’t really know exactly what God took from Adam’s side to make Eve, and it doesn’t really matter. Modern research into cloning and genetic replication shows every cell in our body contains the body’s entire genetic blueprint. God took some of Adam’s cells and changed their genetic blueprint in the creation of Eve. Nevertheless, the story that women have one more rib than men because of the way Eve was created is a myth. ii. We also know the Bride of Christ comes from the wound made in the side of the second Adam, Jesus Christ. iii. There is a beautiful Jewish tradition saying God made woman, not out of man’s foot to be under him, nor out of his head to be over him, but “She was taken from under his arm that he might protect her and from next to his heart that he might love her.” (Barnhouse) c. He made into a woman: It is important to realize that there are not two beginnings to the human race, one in Adam and one in Eve. There was one beginning of the human race in Adam. d. And He brought her to the man: God brought Eve to Adam and created Eve out of Adam. He was first - the source and the head. She was created to be a helper perfectly suited to him. Thus the subordinate relationship of wives to husbands is found before the curse, not only after it. 4. (23) Adam’s brilliant understanding of who Eve is and how she is related to him. And Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man.” a. This is now bone of my bones: Adam recognized that Eve was both like him (bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh) and not like him (woman…taken out of man). b. Flesh of my flesh: Adam understood the essential oneness in his relationship with Eve. This point is so important that it is referred to several times in the New Testament, including the great marriage passage in Ephesians 5:28-29: so husbands ought to love their own wives as their own bodies; he who loves his wife loves himself. For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it (Ephesians 5:28-29). i. No one walks into a room and seeks the most uncomfortable seat. The natural concern we have for ourselves causes us to take care of ourselves. In a healthy marriage relationship the husband realizes the essential union he has with his wife, that he cannot bless her without blessing himself and he cannot mistreat or neglect her without mistreating or neglecting himself. c. She was taken out of Man: Adam recognized that though he and Eve were one, she was not the same as him. He understood that two different people were becoming one. 1 Peter 3:7 tells husbands to recognize that they are one with someone different, someone whom they must understand: Likewise you husbands, dwell with them with understanding, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel. i. If men and women are different, are they equal? Elisabeth Elliot, quoted in Boice: “In what sense is red equal to blue? They are equal only in the sense that both are colors in the spectrum. Apart from that they are different. In what sense is hot equal to cold? They are both temperatures, but beyond this it is almost meaningless to talk about equality.” d. She shall be called woman: “Woman has been defined by many as compounded for wo and man, as if called man’s wo because she tempted him to eat the forbidden fruit; but this is no meaning of the original word, nor could it be intended, as the transgression was not then committed.” (Clarke) 5. (24-25) The marriage of Adam and Eve. Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. a. They shall become one flesh: The marriage principle stated here is based upon the dynamic of oneness yet distinction. A man and wife can truly come together in a one-flesh relationship, yet they must be joined. It is a spiritual fact, but the benefits of that oneness are not appropriated by accident or by chance. b. They shall become one flesh: This passage forms the foundation for the Bible’s understanding of marriage and family. Both Jesus (Matthew 19: 5) and Paul (Ephesians 5:31) quoted it in reference to marriage. i. “The institution of monogamous marriage, home, and family as the basic medium for the propagation of the race and the training of the young is so common to human history that people seldom pause to reflect on how or why such a custom came into being.” (Morris) ii. Many want to believe that the monogamous, two-parent family was invented in the 1950’s by American television icons Ozzie and Harriet, but Adam and Eve are the original family. This is God’s ideal family. This isn’t polygamy. This isn’t concubinage. This isn’t the keeping of mistresses. This isn’t adultery. This isn’t homosexual co-habitation. This isn’t promiscuity. This isn’t living together outside the marriage bond. This isn’t serial marriage. This is God’s ideal for the family, and even when we don’t live up to it, it is still important to set it forth as God’s ideal. c. One flesh: The idea of one flesh is taken by many to be mainly a way of expressing sexual union. While sexual union is certainly related to the idea of one flesh, it is only one part of what it means to be one flesh. There are also important spiritual dimensions to one flesh. i. Paul makes it clear the sexual union has one flesh implications even when we don’t intend so, as when a man has sex with a prostitute (1 Corinthians 6:16). Husband and wife become “one flesh” under God’s blessing. In extramarital sex, the partners become “one flesh” under God’s curse. ii. In this sense, there is no such thing as “casual sex.” Every sexual relationship at least begins a one-flesh bond. The bond will either be something beautiful (like the beautiful dancing of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers) or it will be something grotesque (like Siamese twins). iii. It depends on whether the bonding takes place in a relationship with the right conditions: committed love, demonstrated by the marriage commitment, and a pursuit of true intimacy. Just because sex is taking place in marriage doesn’t mean it is truly fulfilling God’s purpose of bonding together a one-flesh relationship. d. They shall become one flesh: Though an initial bond in a one flesh relationship can be formed at the first sexual relationship a couple has, the fullness of what God wants to do in the one flesh relationship takes time. It has to become. e. They were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed: Before the fall, Adam and Eve were both naked ... and not ashamed. The idea of “nakedness” is far more than mere nudity. It has the sense of being totally open and exposed as a person before God and man. To be naked…and not ashamed means you have no sin, nothing to be rightly ashamed of, nothing to hide. i. Adam and Eve knew they were physically naked - nude - before the fall. What they did not know was a sinful, fallen condition, because they were not in that condition before their rebellion. ii. We often feel uncomfortable when someone stares at us. This is because we associate staring with prying, and we don’t want people to pry into our lives. We want to remain hidden and only reveal to other people what we want to reveal. iii. When we want to be most attractive to someone else, we do the most to change our normal appearance. We have the thought, “If I really want to impress this person, I have to fix myself up.” None of this feeling was present with Adam and Eve when they were naked…and not ashamed. Genesis 3 - Man’s Temptation and Fall A. The temptation from the serpent. 1. (1) The serpent begins his temptation. Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” a. The serpent: The text here does not, by itself alone, clearly identify the serpent as Satan, but the rest of the Bible makes it clear this is Satan appearing as a serpent. i. In Ezekiel 28:13-19 tells us that Satan was in Eden. Many other passages associate a serpent or a snake-like creature with Satan (such as Job 26:13 and Isaiah 51:9). Revelation 12:9 and 20:2 speak of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan. ii. The representation of Satan as a serpent makes the idea of Moses saving Israel by lifting up a bronze serpent all the more provocative (Numbers 21:8-9), especially when Jesus identifies Himself with that very serpent (John 3:14). This is because in this picture, the serpent (a personification of sin and rebellion) is made of bronze (a metal associated with judgment, since it is made with fire). The lifting of a bronze serpent is the lifting up of sin judged, in the form of a cross. iii. Ezekiel 28 tells us Satan, before his fall, was an angel of the highest rank and prominence, even the “worship leader” in heaven. Isaiah 14 tells us Satan’s fall had to do with his desire to be equal to or greater than God, to set his will against God’s will. b. The serpent was more cunning than any beast: Satan’s effectiveness is often found in His cunning, crafty ways. We can’t outsmart Satan, but we can overcome him with the power of Jesus. i. It was the craftiness of Satan that made him successful against Eve: as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness (2 Corinthians 11:3). c. And he said to the woman: Apparently, before the curse pronounced in Genesis 3:14-15, the serpent was different than what we know today as a serpent. This creature didn’t start as a snake as we know it, it became one. i. “The creature that tempted Eve became a serpent as a result of God’s judgment on it, and it went slithering away into the bushes to the intense horror of Adam and Eve.” (Boice) ii. Demonic spirits evidently have the ability, under certain circumstances, to indwell human or animal bodies (Luke 8:33). On this occasion, Satan chose to indwell the body of a pre-curse serpent. iii. Poole says the woman wasn’t surprised at the serpent’s speaking because Adam and Eve had free conversation with angelic beings that often appeared in the form of men. If this is true, it wasn’t so strange to Eve that an angelic being might appear to her in the form of a beautiful pre-curse serpent. iv. Perhaps Satan made the voice supernaturally seem to come forth from the serpent, or perhaps Satan “said” this to Eve in her thoughts. What Satan said is more important than how he said it. d. To the woman: Satan brought his temptation against the woman because he perceived she was more vulnerable to attack. This is because she did not receive the command to not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil directly from God but through Adam (Genesis 2:15-17). i. Perhaps Satan knew by observation Adam didn’t do an effective job in communicating to Eve what the Lord told him. This failure on Adam’s part made Eve more vulnerable to temptation. ii. Satan will often attack a chain at its weakest link, so he gets at Adam by tempting Eve. The stronger ones in a “chain” must expect attack against weaker links and support them against those attacks. iii. It was also in God’s plan to allow Satan to tempt Eve this way. If Adam would have sinned first, and if he had given the fruit to Eve, she might have a partial excuse before God: “I was simply obeying the head of our home. When he gave me the fruit, I ate of it.” e. Has God indeed said: Satan’s first attack is leveled against the Word of God. If he can get Eve confused about what God said, or to doubt what God said, then his battle is partially won. i. From the beginning, Satan has tried to undermine God’s people by undermining God’s Word. He can undermine just as effectively by getting us to neglect God’s Word as by getting us to doubt it. f. “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” Satan took God’s positive command (Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat [Genesis 2:16-17]) and rephrased it in a negative way: “God won’t let you eat of every tree.” 2. (2-3) Eve’s reply to the serpent. And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ “ a. And the woman said to the serpent: Eve’s first mistake was in even carrying on a discussion with the serpent. We are called to talk to the devil, but never to have a discussion with him. We simply and strongly tell him, “The Lord rebuke you!” (Jude 9) b. We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: Eve’s knowledge of what she should not do is partially correct, but what she doesn’t seem to know makes her all the more vulnerable to deception. i. Eve does not seem to know the name of this tree; she only calls it the tree in the midst of the garden, instead of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:17). ii. Eve misquoted God’s command to Adam. Her words, “you shall not eat it” and “lest you die” are close enough, but she added to the command and put words in God’s mouth when she said, “nor shall you touch it.” Of course, it was a good idea to completely avoid the temptation; no good could come from massaging the fruit you’re not supposed to eat. But it is a dangerous thing to teach the doctrines of man as if they are the commandments of God (Matthew 15:9). iii. Clarke on nor shall you touch it: “Some Jewish writers ... state that as soon as the woman had asserted this, the serpent pushed her against the tree and said, ‘See, you have touched it, and are still alive; you may therefore safely eat of the fruit, for surely you shall not die.’” c. God has said: Eve’s ignorance of exactly what God said was really Adam’s responsibility. He did a poor job of relating to his wife the word God gave him. i. We can almost picture Adam telling Eve, “See that tree in the middle of the garden? Don’t touch it or God says we’ll die!” While this is better than saying nothing, what Adam didn’t explain made a vulnerable place where Satan could attack. d. Lest you die: This may seem like a small thing to hinge the destiny of the human race and all creation on. But the tree was nothing more than a restraint on Adam and Eve. It reminded them they were not God, that God had a legitimate claim on their obedience, and that they were responsible to Him. 3. (4-5) Satan’s direct challenge to God’s Word. Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” a. You will not surely die: Satan effectively laid the groundwork. He drew Eve into a discussion with him and planted the seed of doubt about God’s Word, and he exposed Eve’s incomplete understanding of God’s Word. Now he moves in for the kill, with an outright contradiction of what God said. i. Satan can only effectively work when he has established a foothold. No one falls like Adam and Eve will fall, “all of a sudden.” A foundation has been laid. ii. This is why we are called to never give place to the devil (Ephesians 4:27). This shows how remarkable it is that Jesus could say, “Satan has nothing in Me.” (John 14:30) b. You will not surely die: Satan first wanted Eve to forget all about what God said about the consequences of sin. When we know and remember the consequences of sin, we are more likely to give up the passing pleasures of sin (Hebrews 11:25). i. In Satan’s direct challenge, he tries to get Eve to doubt the goodness of God. If God lies to her, how can He be good? ii. In Satan’s direct challenge, he tries to get Eve to doubt the badness of sin. If this fruit is something good for her, why doesn’t God want her to have it? iii. Satan wants us to see sin as something good that a bad God doesn’t want us to have. His main lie to us is “sin is not bad and God is not good.” iv. “Satan and the flesh will present a thousand reasons to show how good it would be to disobey His command.” (Barnhouse) c. In the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened: Satan’s temptation was all the more powerful because there was truth in it. It was true your eyes will be opened, and this was fulfilled (Genesis 3:7). But their eyes were instantly opened to their own sin and rebellion. i. It is as if a deaf person was promised to be able to hear again, but all they could hear was screaming. ii. Their eyes were opened, they did know good and evil, but not as gods. “Pure lie” is rarely effective in temptation. If Satan doesn’t couple it with some truth, there is little power in his temptation. d. You will be like God, knowing good and evil: The final enticement is the most powerful, because it was how Satan himself fell, wanting to be equal with God. Eve tried to become a god herself by her rebellion against God. i. Jewish rabbis embellish on Satan’s temptation to Eve: “Nothing but malice has prompted God’s command, because as soon as you eat of it, you will be as God. As He creates and destroys worlds, so will you have the power to create and destroy. As He does kill and revive, so will you have the power to kill and revive. God Himself ate first of the fruit of the tree, and then He created the world. Therefore, He forbids you to eat of it, lest you create other worlds ... Hurry now and eat the fruit of the tree in the midst of the garden, and become independent of God, lest He bring forth still other creatures that will rule over you.” ii. The goal of becoming God is the center of so many non-Christian religions, including Mormonism. But in our desire to be gods, we become like Satan (who said, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God ... I will be like the Most High [Isaiah 14:13-14]) instead of being like Jesus, who came as a servant (Matthew 20:28). iii. The New Age movement and the desire to be “god” are just as strong as ever. According to a 1992 survey, as many as 12 million Americans can be considered active participants in the New Age movement, and another 30 million are avidly interested. If all these people were brought together in a church-like organization, it would be the third largest religious denomination in America. More than 90% of the subscribers to New Age Magazine are college graduates, compared to half the general population. iv. In 1995, New Age influence made it all the way to the White House. New Age author Marianne Williamson (writer of A Course In Miracles), guru to many of Hollywood’s spiritual seekers, spent a night at the White House as the personal guest of Hillary Clinton. And Anthony Robbins, motivational guru and king of late-night infomercials, consulted with President Clinton at Camp David. Robbins is also recognized as a leader in the New Age movement. B. The sin of Adam and Eve and the fall of the human race. 1. (6) Adam and Eve both disobey God in their own way. So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. a. So when the woman saw: Eve surrendered to this temptation in exactly the way John describes in 1 John 2:16. First, she gave in to the lust of the flesh (saw that it was good for food), then she gave in to the lust of the eyes (pleasant to the eyes), then she gave in to the pride of life (desirable to make one wise). i. Jesus was tempted in the same three-fold way: an appeal to the physical appetites, an appeal to covetous and emotional desires, and an appeal to pride (Matthew 4:1-11). b. The woman saw that the tree was good for food: Eve’s perceptions were partially true and partially false. The tree was not really good for food, though Eve was deceived into thinking it was so. The fruit probably was pleasant to the eyes, though that shouldn’t mean much. And it was only true in Eve’s mind that the tree was desirable to make one wise. i. We can see the total truth of Paul’s statement in 1 Timothy 2:14, that Eve was deceived when she sinned. In her mind, she thought she was doing something good for herself. c. She took of its fruit and ate: Satan could tempt Eve, but she didn’t have to take it. The taking was all her doing. Satan couldn’t cram the fruit down her throat. Eve was responsible. She couldn’t rightly say, “the devil made me do it.” i. As with every temptation, God had made for Eve a way of escape (1 Corinthians 10:13). She could have simply run from Satan and the tree, but Eve didn’t take God’s way of escape. d. She also gave to her husband with her: Not only did Eve sin, but she became the agent of temptation for Adam. But when Adam ate, he was not deceived as Eve was. Adam sinned with his eyes wide open, in open rebellion against God. i. Therefore, it is Adam, not Eve, who bears the responsibility for the fall of the human race and for the introduction of death into the created order (Romans 5:12, 1 Corinthians 15:22). Eve was tricked into sinning; Adam knew exactly what he was doing (1 Timothy 2:14). ii. Many have speculated that Adam sinned because he didn’t want Eve to be alone in the fall, and he ate of the fruit out of a romantic impulse. This may well be true, but it makes Adam’s sin not one bit less rebellious. Rebellion against God is not “better” when motivated by a romantic impulse. iii. “Take and eat” will one day become verbs of salvation, but only after Jesus had lived in the world of Adam’s curse and surrendered to death. 2. (7) The nakedness of Adam and Eve. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings. a. Then the eyes of both of them were opened: Seemingly, it was only after the sin of Adam that they knew of their sinful state. They knew they were naked, in the sense of having their shame exposed to all creation. b. They new that they were naked: Psalm 104:2 and Matthew 17:2 suggest that light can be a garment for the righteous. It may be that Adam and Eve were previously clothed in God’s glorious light, and the immediate loss of this covering of light left them feeling exposed and naked. i. “It is more than probable that they were clothed in light before the fall, and when they sinned the light went out.” (Barnhouse) c. The eyes of both of them were opened: The way they saw themselves changed, but also the way they saw the entire world was now different. After the fall, everything looked worse. i. Was it good or bad that Adam and Eve saw their nakedness and felt terrible about it? It was good, because it is good to feel guilty when you have done something wrong. d. They sewed fig leaves together: Their own attempt to cover themselves took much ingenuity, but not much wisdom. Fig leaves are said to have a prickly quality, which would make for some pretty itchy coverings. i. Every attempt to cover our own nakedness before God is just as foolish. We need to let Jesus cover us (Revelation 3:5, 18), and put on Jesus Himself as our covering garment (Galatians 3:27). The exhortation from Jesus is for us: Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame. (Revelation 16:15) ii. Obviously, they covered their genital areas. In virtually all cultures, adults cover their genital areas, even though other parts of the human body may be more or less exposed from culture to culture. iii. This is not because there is something intrinsically “dirty” in our sexuality, but because we have both received our fallenness and pass it on genetically through sexual reproduction. Because of this, God has implanted it in the minds of men that more modesty is appropriate for these areas of our body. 3. (8-9) Adam and Eve hide from God; God calls out to them. And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. Then the Lord God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?” a. They heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: Adam and Eve knew that when they heard the Lord coming, He would want to be with them. This was how the Lord had fellowship with Adam and Eve, in a very natural, close, intimate way. i. Leupold on walking in the garden in the cool of the day: “The almost casual way in which this is remarked indicates that this did not occur for the first time just then ... There is extreme likelihood that the Almighty assumed some form analogous to the human form which was made in His image.” ii. We can assume this is God, in the Person of Jesus Christ, appearing to Adam and Eve before His incarnation and birth at Bethlehem, because of God the Father it is said, “No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him” (John 1:18), and no man has ever seen God in the Person of the Father. (1 Timothy 6:16) iii. “Cool of the day” is literally “the breeze of the day.” From Hebrew geography and culture, we might guess this means late afternoon. b. Adam and his wife hid themselves: This shows that Adam and Eve knew that their attempt to cover themselves failed. They didn’t proudly show off their fig-leaf outfits; they knew their own covering was completely inadequate, and they were embarrassed before God. c. Where are you? This is not the interrogation of an angry commanding officer, but the heartfelt cry of an anguished father. God obviously knew where they were but He also knew a gulf had been made between Himself and man, a gulf that He Himself would have to bridge. C. God confronts Adam and Eve with their sin. 1. (10-12) Adam tries to explain his sin. So he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.” And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?” Then the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.” a. I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid: Sin made Adam afraid of God’s presence and afraid of God’s voice. Ever since Adam, men run from God’s presence and don’t want to listen to His Word. i. We are still made in God’s image, so we want to be in the presence of God and hear His voice, while at the same time, we are afraid of Him. b. Who told you that you were naked? God knew the answer to this question. He asked it because He allowed Adam to make the best of a bad situation by repenting right then and there, but Adam didn’t come clean and repent before God. i. We all sin, but when we sin, we can still give glory to God by openly confessing without shifting the blame onto others (Joshua 7:19-20). ii. There is often nothing you can do about yesterday’s sin (though in some cases you may be able to make restitution). Yet you can do what is right before God right now by confessing and repenting. c. Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat? God confronted Adam’s problem squarely. This wasn’t primarily a wardrobe problem or a fear problem or a self-esteem problem. This was a sin problem and Adam’s wardrobe, fear, or self-understanding could not be addressed until the sin problem was addressed. d. Then the man said: Notice that to this point, God has not addressed Eve at all. Adam, being the head, is the problem here. e. The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate: Adam’s attempt to blame Eve is completely consistent with human nature. Few of us are willing to simply say as David did, I have sinned against the Lord (2 Samuel 12:13) i. Significantly, if there is any blame, it is on Adam, not Eve. Not only does Adam unjustly accuse Eve, but also he refuses to accept proper responsibility for his part in her sin. ii. By saying “the woman whom You gave to be with me,” Adam essentially blames God for the sin saying, “You gave me the woman, and she is the problem.” Adam wasn’t content to blame Eve; he had to blame God also. 2. (13) Eve’s reply to God. And the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” a. The serpent deceived me, and I ate: When confronted by God, Eve doesn’t necessarily shift the blame when she admits the serpent deceived her and then she ate. This much was true, she had been deceived, and she did eat. b. Deceived me: The only problem comes when we fail to see that being deceived is sin in itself. It is sin to exchange the truth of God for the lie (Romans 1:25). D. The curse and its aftermath. 1. (14-15) God’s curse upon the serpent. So the Lord God said to the serpent: “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all cattle, and more than every beast of the field; on your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.” a. And the Lord God said to the serpent: When God spoke to Adam and to Eve, He asked them each questions. God didn’t ask Satan (the being animating the serpent) any questions, because there was nothing to teach him. b. You are cursed more than all cattle: The first part of the curse is directed at the animal that Satan used to bring the temptation. God commanded the serpent to slither on the ground instead of walking on legs like any other animal. i. Adam and Eve must have been terrified as this once-beautiful creature called a serpent was transformed into the creeping, slithering, hissing snake we know today. They must have thought, “It’s our turn next!” ii. I will put enmity between you and the woman: In addition, there is a natural aversion between mankind and serpents, especially on the part of women. c. You shall eat dust all the days of your life: This was true of the serpent as an animal, but it is also true of Satan. To eat dust has the idea of total defeat (Isaiah 65:25, Micah 7:17). God’s judgment on Satan is for him to always know defeat. He will always reach for victory, but always fall short of it. i. Satan was, in his own thinking, majestic and triumphant over Jesus on the cross, but he failed. In attacking Jesus, Satan made his own doom certain. ii. In Jesus, we share in the victory over Satan: And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. (Romans 16:20) d. Enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed: The second part of the curse is directed against Satan himself. God placed a natural animosity between Satan and mankind. Enmity has the idea of ill will, hatred, and a mutual antagonism. Satan’s hatred of Eve was nothing new; it was already present - but now man will, generally speaking, have antagonism towards Satan. i. The “friendship” Eve and the serpent seemed to enjoy earlier in the chapter is finished. There is now a natural fear of Satan in the heart of man. ii. If we are born naturally rebellious against God, we are also born cautious and afraid of Satan. One must be hardened to willingly and knowingly serve Satan. Instinctively, we don’t serve God or Satan; we serve ourselves (which is fine with Satan). e. He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel: In this, God prophesies the doom of Satan, showing that the real battle is between Satan and the Seed of the Woman. i. There is no doubt this is a prophecy of Jesus’ ultimate defeat of Satan. God announced that Satan would wound the Messiah (you shall bruise His heel), but the Messiah would crush Satan with a mortal wound (He shall bruise your head). ii. The heel is the part within the serpent’s reach. Jesus, in taking on humanity, brought Himself near to Satan’s domain so Satan could strike Him. iii. This prophecy also gives the first hint of the virgin birth, declaring the Messiah - the Deliverer - would be the Seed of the Woman, but not of the man. iv. Genesis 3:15 has been called the protoevangelium, the first gospel. Luther said of this verse: “This text embraces and comprehends within itself everything noble and glorious that is to be found anywhere in the Scriptures.” (Leupold) f. He shall bruise your head: For God to see the defeat of Satan at Satan’s first flush of victory shows God knew what He was doing all along. God’s plan wasn’t “set back” when Adam and Eve sinned, because God’s plan was to bring forth something greater than man in the innocence of Eden. God wanted more than innocent man; His plan is to bring forth redeemed man. i. Redeemed man - this being who is greater than innocent man - is only possible because man had something to be redeemed from. 2. (16) God’s curse upon the woman. To the woman He said: “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in pain you shall bring forth children; your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” a. I will greatly multiply your sorrow: God first cursed the woman with multiplied sorrow. Men and women have each known sorrow throughout history, yet the unique sorrow of women is well known. i. Under Jesus, some of the effects of the curse are relieved, and it has been the Christianizing of society that brought rights and dignity to women. ii. “It is difficult for women in Christian lands to realize the miseries of their hundreds of millions of sisters in pagan lands, where the lot of women is little above that of cattle. Where the gospel has gone, the load has been lifted, and woman in Christ has become the reflection of the redeemed Church, the bride of Christ.” (Barnhouse) b. Your sorrow and your conception; in pain you shall bring forth children: The first curse upon women is a broad one. It has the idea that women would experience pain in regard to their children in general, not just in the act of giving birth. God ordained that the pain with which women bring children into this world be an example of the pain they experience more generally in life. i. It has been observed that women bring forth children with more pain than just about any other creature. c. Your desire shall be for your husband: This is true of women in a way that it is not true for men. “This verse will be understood better when it is realized that the desire of man toward his wife alone is solely by God’s grace and not by nature.” (Barnhouse) d. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you: The idea is to contrast the woman’s desire and the husband’s rule over her. This speaks of an inherent challenge in embracing the husband’s role as leader of the home and family. i. This same word for desire is used in Genesis 4:7 of the desire of sin to master over Cain. Because of the curse, Eve would have to fight a desire to master her husband, a desire that works against God’s ordained order for the home. ii. The principle of Adam’s headship as a husband was established before the fall (see Genesis 2:18 and 2:22). Now the curse on Eve makes it much harder for her to submit and flow with God’s institution of male headship in the home. iii. “As a result of the fall, man no longer rules easily; he must fight from his headship. Sin has corrupted both the willing submission of the wife and the loving headship of the husband. The woman’s desire is to control her husband (to usurp his divinely appointed headship), and he must master her, if he can. So the rule of love founded in paradise is replaced by struggle, tyranny and domination.” (Susan T. Foh, cited in Boice) 3. (17-19) God’s curse upon the man. Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’: “Cursed is the ground for your sake; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life. Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, and you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are, and to dust you shall return.” a. Because you have heeded the voice of your wife: It wasn’t just as if Adam took Eve’s advice. He chose to be with Eve intead of obeying God. There is a sense in which idolatry of Eve was an aspect of Adam’s disobedience against God. b. Cursed is the ground: Because of Adam, there is a curse upon all creation. Before the curse on man, the ground only produced good. After the curse, it will still produce good, but thorns and thistles will come faster and easier than good fruit. c. In toil you shall eat of it: Adam worked before the curse, but it was all joy. Now work has a cursed element to it, with pain and weariness a part of work. Is there not a time of hard service for man on earth? Are not his days also like the days of a hired man? Like a servant who earnestly desires the shade, and like a hired man who eagerly looks for his wages (Job 7:1-2). d. Dust you are, and to dust you shall return: The final curse upon man promised there would be an end of his toil and labor on the earth - but it was an end of death, not not an end of deliverance. i. The curse of death shows that the result of Adam’s sin extended to the entire human race. Because of Adam, sin entered the world (Romans 5:12), death came to all mankind (Romans 5:15, 1 Corinthians 15:22), death reigned over man and creation (Romans 5:17), all men were condemned (Romans 5:18), and all men were made sinners (Romans 5:19). ii. The principle of Galatians 3:13 is established as we consider that Jesus bore each aspect of the curse upon Adam and Eve in its totality: Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us. · Sin brought pain to childbirth, and no one knew more pain than Jesus did when He, through His suffering, brought many sons to glory (Hebrews 2:10) · Sin brought conflict, and Jesus endured great conflict to bring our salvation (Hebrews 12:3) · Thorns came with sin and the fall, and Jesus endured a crown of thorns to bring our salvation (John 19:2) · Sin brought sweat, and Jesus sweat, as it were, great drops of blood to win our salvation (Luke 22:44) · Sin brought sorrow, and Jesus became a man of sorrows, acquainted with grief, to save us (Isaiah 53:3) · Sin brought death, and Jesus tasted death for everyone that we might be saved (Hebrews 2:9) 4. (20) The naming of Eve. And Adam called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living. a. Adam called his wife’s name Eve: Up to Genesis 3:20, the woman has never been called Eve. We are so used to saying “Adam and Eve” that we assume she already had her name. But to this point, she was called a female (Genesis 1:27), a helper comparable (Genesis 2:18), a woman (Genesis 2:22, 23), and a wife (Genesis 2:24, 25; 3:8). This does not mean God did not have a name for Eve, but we are told what the name is in Genesis 5:2: He called them Mankind. i. The idea that the woman takes her name from the husband, and the idea that both genders are encompassed in terms like mankind, humanity, and chairman. Our use of these terms is not merely cultural, it is Biblical. ii. A woman gains more of her identity from her husband than the man does from the wife. For this reason, women should take special care in which man they marry. b. Because she was the mother of all living: Adam named her Eve, even though she was not a mother at all at the time. She was not even pregnant yet. Adam named her in faith, trusting God would bring forth a deliverer from the woman, because God said He would defeat Satan through the Seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15). 5. (21) God clothes Adam and Eve in the skins of animals. Also for Adam and his wife the Lord God made tunics of skin, and clothed them. a. The Lord God made tunics of skin, and clothed them: God wanted Adam and Eve clothed, not naked. “God gave His approval of the sense of shame which had led our first parents to cover their nakedness.” (Leupold) i. The world’s oldest profession is not prostitution, but the clothing business (Genesis 3:7). b. Tunics of skin: In order for Adam and Eve to be clothed, a sacrifice had to be made. An animal had to die. Without shedding of blood there is no remission. (Hebrews 9:22) i. There are only two religions; there is the religion of fig leaves and there is the religion of God’s perfect provision through Jesus. ii. Covering ourselves with our good works is like Adam and Eve trying to cover themselves with fig leaves. Our good works are like monopoly money - great for monopoly, but not legal tender. Your good works are essential to what it takes to live out your life, but they are not legal tender before God. iii. Adam and Eve were clothed in a garment that was purchased with the life of another. We are clothed with a garment of righteousness that was purchased with the life of another, Jesus Christ. c. And clothed them: This indicates that Adam and Eve were saved. Adam had faith in God’s promise of a Savior, and God provided a covering for them through a sacrifice. We will see Adam and Eve in heaven. 6. (22-24) God sets cherubim to guard the Tree of Life. Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”; therefore the Lord God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken. So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life. a. Behold, the man has become like one of us, to know good and evil: The idea behind this phrase is difficult to understand. Perhaps there is a note of sarcasm by God here (as Elijah used in 1 Kings 18:27), regarding Satan’s empty promise to become like gods. Or, perhaps the idea focuses on man’s greater knowledge (though in a bad sense) now that he has the experiential knowledge of evil. b. And take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever: In mercy, God protected Adam and Eve from the horrible fate of having to live forever as sinners by preventing them from eating from the tree of life. c. The Lord God sent him out of the garden of Eden: We don’t know if Adam and Eve wanted to stay in the garden of Eden. Perhaps they felt if they left the garden, they might never see God again because it was the only place where they met Him. d. He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden: Cherubim are always associated with the presence and glory of God (Ezekiel 10, Isaiah 6, Revelation 4). When cherubim are represented on earth (such as in the tabernacle, Exodus 25:10-22), they mark a meeting place with God. Though Adam and Eve and their descendants were prevented from eating the fruit of the tree of life (by God’s mercy), they could still come there to meet God. This was their “holy of holies.” Therefore it was important to send a cherubim with a flaming sword to guard the way to the tree of life. i. “Any angel of the lowest rank could have dealt with Adam. The flaming sword was pointed against Satan to keep him from destroying the way of access to the altar, which God had set up.” (Barnhouse) ii. This is the last historical mention of the garden of Eden in the Bible. We can speculate that God did not destroy it, but left it to the effects of the curse and suppose that it generally deteriorated from its original condition, blending into the surrounding geography.

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12. Exodus 19-20:20 (Israel Meets God at Mount Sinai & God Gives Ten Commandments to Moses)

Exodus 19-20:20 (Israel Meets God at Mount Sinai & God Gives Ten Commandments to Moses)

Exodus 19 - The Nation of Israel Comes to Mount Sinai A. Coming to the Mountain. 1. (1-2) Israel camps at Mount Sinai. In the third month after the children of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. For they had departed from Rephidim, had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Israel camped there before the mountain. a. They came to the Wilderness of Sinai: It took them three months of trusting God to get to this place, but they finally arrived. They saw God's deliverance from Egypt, received His guidance on the way to go, saw His glorious victory at the Red Sea, received God's miraculous gifts of food and water, and they saw a prayerful victory won over the Amalekites. i. Israel stayed in the Wilderness of Sinai until Numbers 10. More than 57 chapters of Scripture are devoted to what happened to Israel in the year they camped at Mount Sinai. ii. "The word conventionally translated 'wilderness' is not a sandy desert, but grazing country, not settled by man." (Cole) b. So Israel camped there before the mountain: In one sense, all that went before was meant to bring them to this place. This was the beginning of the fulfillment of what God said in Exodus 3:12: this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain. i. Sinai was the place where Moses met God at the burning bush. The whole nation of Israel would soon experience some of what Moses did at the burning bush. Moses could lead them to this mountain for this experience because he had already been there. The people could not go farther than their leader. ii. If the traditional site of Mount Sinai looks like anything, it looks like a huge pulpit - a sudden, steep outcropping of mountain out in the wilderness. Here, God preached one of the most dramatic sermons ever heard. iii. Yet there is good reason to believe that the traditional site of Mount Sinai - on the Sinai Peninsula - is not the correct location of the mountain where all this came to pass. · According to Exodus 2:15, 3:1, and 3:12 this mountain was in the region of Midian, which was on the east side of the Gulf of Aqaba, east of the Sinai Peninsula. The ancient land of Midian is in the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. · In Galatians 4:25, the Apostle Paul clearly described Mount Sinai as being in Arabia. Though some claim that this can also be understood as extending to the Sinai Peninsula, this isn't the normal understanding of where Arabia is, either in the modern or the ancient understanding. · There is significant evidence - both historic and archaeological - to associate the Arabian mountain Jebel al-Lawz with the site of Mount Sinai. 2. (3-4) God reminds Israel of His great power and care for them. And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, "Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 'You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself.'" a. Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain: Moses, led by God, went up on the mountain to meet with God as he had before - and the LORD spoke to Moses again. b. Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob: With this title God associated the nation with the weakest and least stable of the patriarchs. At this point they acted more like Jacob than like Abraham or Isaac. c. You have seen what I did to the Egyptians: God gave a message to Israel through Moses, a message regarding His purpose and destiny for Israel. This destiny was based on what God already did for them in the great deliverance from Egypt. d. I bore you on eagles' wings: An eagles' wings are strong and sure; but they also speak of careful protection. It is said that an eagle does not carry her young in her claws like other birds; the young eagles attach themselves to the back of the mother eagle and are protected as they are carried. Any arrow from a hunter must pass through the mother eagle before it could touch the young eagle on her back. i. "This metaphor is developed most extensively in Deuteronomy 32:11, where the loving compassion, protection, strength, and watchfulness of God is compared with the majestic bird's attributes." (Kaiser) e. And brought you to Myself: The deliverance (I bore you on eagles' wings) was for fellowship (brought you to Myself). God didn't deliver Israel so they could live apart from God, but so they could be God's people. 3. (5-6) God reveals His plan and destiny for Israel. "'Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel." a. If you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant: God would soon make a formal covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai. Before He did, He revealed what He wanted to do to for an obedient Israel. i. Before God called Israel to keep His law, He commanded them to "keep My covenant." The covenant was greater than the law itself. The covenant God made with Israel involved law, sacrifice, and the choice to obey and be blessed or to disobey and be cursed. b. Then you shall be a special treasure to Me: God intended for Israel to be a special treasure unto Him. He wanted them to be a people with a unique place in God's great plan, a people of great value and concern to God. It wasn't as if God ignored the rest of the world (for all the earth is mine), but that He was determined to use Israel to reach the earth. i. The Apostle Paul also wanted Christians to know how great a treasure they were to God; he prayed they would know what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints (Ephesians 1:18). ii. "Where his treasure is, there is a man's heart. If it is in ships on the treacherous sea, he tosses restlessly on his bed, solicitous for its safety. If it is in fabrics, he guards against moth; if in metal, against rust and thieves. And is Christ less careful for his own?" (Meyer) c. You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests: God intended for Israel to be a kingdom of priests, where every believer could come before God themselves, and as a group they represented God to the nations. i. "The whole nation was to act as mediators of God's grace to the nations of the earth." (Kaiser) "God's 'particularist' choice of Israel has a wider 'universalist' purpose." (Cole) ii. Peter reminds us we are a royal priesthood (1 Peter 2:9), those who serve God as both kings and priests (and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, Revelation 1:6). d. And a holy nation: God intended for Israel to be a holy nation, a nation and people set apart from the rest of the world, the particular possession of God, fit for His purposes. i. Peter reminds us we are a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9). As God's people, we must be set apart, thinking and doing differently than the flow of the world in general. 4. (7-9) The people agree to obey the covenant. So Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all these words which the LORD commanded him. Then all the people answered together and said, "All that the LORD has spoken we will do." So Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD. And the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I come to you in the thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever." So Moses told the words of the people to the LORD. a. Laid before them all these words which the LORD commanded him: The people are later challenged to receive the covenant again, after they heard its terms, and they received it again (Exodus 24:1-8). i. Here they said, "All that the LORD has spoken we will do." "Their answer was sincere, but it was ignorant." (Morgan) Later they would say it again, in an even more formal arrangement (Exodus 24:1-8). ii. "Even so with us. We say, 'All that Jehovah hath spoken we will do,' and we fail. But God never fails. He waits and pursues His own way of grace and government." (Morgan) b. Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD: Moses here acted as a true priest, as an intermediary between God and the people. Yet God spoke audibly to Moses (that the people may hear when I speak with you) so everyone would know that it was really God speaking to Moses. 5. (10-13) God commands that His holy presence on Sinai be respected. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes. And let them be ready for the third day. For on the third day the LORD will come down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. You shall set bounds for the people all around, saying, 'Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. Not a hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or shot with an arrow; whether man or beast, he shall not live.' When the trumpet sounds long, they shall come near the mountain." a. Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow: God was going to appear to Israel in a spectacular way; and before this could happen, the people had to prepare themselves. b. You shall set bounds for the people all around: As God promised to reveal Himself on Sinai He told Israel, Stay away. There were boundaries that could not be crossed. Israel had to keep distance behind a barrier, and the penalty for failing to keep their distance was death (shall surely be put to death). i. Not a hand shall touch him: Any person or animal killed for getting too close would be regarded as so unholy they could not even be touched, they had to be executed with a stones or arrows. ii. If there is anything basic to human nature, it is that we need boundaries. In setting these boundaries and providing the death penalty for breaching them, God showed Israel that obedience is more important than their feelings. We don't doubt that some bold Israelites felt like going beyond the boundaries, but they were to submit their feelings to obedience. c. When the trumpet sounds long: The people could only come near at God's invitation, and the trumpet signaled that the invitation was open. At the sounding of the trumpet they could come up to the boundaries, but not beyond them. 6. (14-15) Commands for ceremonial purity and cleanliness. So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes. And he said to the people, "Be ready for the third day; do not come near your wives." a. Sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes: The people immediately prepared for the revelation of God that was promised for the third day. b. Be ready for the third day: The meeting with God could only come at the third day. God promised to reveal Himself on the third day, and they had to wait for it. c. Do not come near your wives: The rest of the Scriptures do not teach that there is any inherent uncleanness in sexual relations. This command was peculiar for this event. In this situation, God wanted the people to demonstrate their desire for purity by putting on clean clothes and restraining desires, even legitimate desires. i. "Men must come before God with the best preparation they can get." (Trapp) B. God's presence on the mountain. 1. (16-19) God's terrifying presence on Mount Sinai. Then it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. a. Thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud: These signs of power and glory signaled the presence of God. The whole environment spoke of God's presence in a terrifying sense. b. The sound of the trumpet was very loud: What Israel saw and felt in the thunder, lightning, the cloud, the smoke, and the earthquake was terrifying; but each of these are natural (though frightening) phenomenon. Yet the sound of the trumpet did not come from the camp, but from heaven itself. No wonder that all the people who were in the camp trembled. c. Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God: At the sound of the trumpet, Moses led the people up to the barrier at the base of Mount Sinai, where they could see, smell, hear, and virtually taste the fire which covered the mountain - as well as feel the earth shake under their feet when the whole mountain quaked greatly. d. When the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder: In the midst of all this, the sound of the trumpet blast became longer and louder and longer and louder, until Moses spoke to God, and God answered him by voice. Collectively, Israel heard the Lord God speak from Mount Sinai in an audible voice. 2. (20) Moses goes up on Mount Sinai to the immediate presence of God. Then the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the LORD called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. a. Then the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain: God came in a special presence to Mount Sinai, ready to meet with Moses as a representative of the whole nation of Israel. b. And Moses went up: God came down, and Moses went up. As the people trembled in terror at the foot of the mountain, Moses needed courage to go to the top and meet with God. It took courage for Moses to go up in the midst of all the thunder, lightning, earthquakes, fire, and smoke. i. Yet Moses knew God not only in terms of this awesome power, but also in terms of His gracious kindness. 3. (21-25) God tells Moses to go back down and warn the people again about respecting the holiness of His presence on Sinai. And the LORD said to Moses, "Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to gaze at the LORD, and many of them perish. Also let the priests who come near the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them." But Moses said to the LORD, "The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai; for You warned us, saying, 'Set bounds around the mountain and consecrate it.'" Then the LORD said to him, "Away! Get down and then come up, you and Aaron with you. But do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, lest He break out against them." So Moses went down to the people and spoke to them. a. Go down and warn the people: Those who through rebellion, curiosity, or simple daring presumed to go up on the mountain would perish. The glory and greatness of God wasn't to be a matter subjected to scientific inquiry or a way to prove one's own manhood. b. The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai: Just because God called Moses and Aaron up did not mean there was an open invitation for the whole nation to meet with God on Mount Sinai. c. Do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD: The whole idea at Sinai was exclusion. Exodus 19 describes the awe and fear each Israelite must have felt at Mount Sinai. It is easy to think that this alone inspired them to a holy lifestyle. i. Many today feel we need to get more of the thunder and fire and trembling of Mount Sinai into people as a way of keeping them from sin. Yet, not forty days from this, the whole nation would have an orgy around a golden calf, praising it as the god that brought them out of Egypt. ii. "Awe is one thing: the submission of the will is another." (Chadwick) Israel had plenty of awe, but little submission of their will. iii. Hebrews 12:18-24 says clearly that under the New Covenant we come to a different mountain, that our salvation and relationship with God is centered at Mount Zion, not Mount Sinai. · Sinai speaks of fear and terror, but Zion speaks of love and forgiveness. · Sinai is in a dry desert, but Zion is the city of the Living God. · Sinai, with all its fear and power is earthly; but the Mount Zion we come to is heavenly and spiritual. · At Sinai, only Moses could come and meet God; at Zion, there is an innumerable company, a general assembly. · Sinai had guilty men in fear, but Zion has just men made perfect. · At Sinai, Moses is the mediator, but at Zion, Jesus the mediator. · Sinai put forth an Old Covenant, ratified by the blood of animals; Zion has a New Covenant, ratified by the blood of God's precious Son. · Sinai was all about barriers and exclusion; Zion is all about invitation. · Sinai is all about Law, Zion is all about grace. iv. Therefore, we shouldn't come to Zion as if coming to Sinai. We must put away our hesitation and get bold in coming to God. Even so, there is much for us to learn at Mount Sinai. We learn of God's holy requirements and what we have to do before we can come to Him. In a similar manner to those at Mount Sinai, there are things we must to do meet with God. · We must receive God's word · We must be set apart · We must be cleansed · We can only come after the third day · We must respect God's boundary · We must restrain the flesh · We must know we come to a holy God v. "Reader, art thou still under the influence and condemning power of that fiery law which proceeded from his right hand? Art though yet afar off? Remember, thou canst only come nigh by the blood of sprinkling; and till justified by his blood, thou are under the curse. Consider the terrible majesty of God. If thou have his favour thou hast life; if his frown, death. Be instantly reconciled to God, for though thou hast deeply sinned, and he is just, yet he is the justifier of him that believeth in Christ Jesus. Believe on him, receive his salvation; OBEY his voice indeed, and KEEP his covenant, and THEN shalt thou be a king and a priest unto God and the Lamb, and be finally saved with all the power of an endless life. Amen." (Clarke) Exodus 20 - The Ten Commandments A. Four commandments regarding our conduct before God. 1. (1) Preface to the Ten Commandments. And God spoke all these words, saying: a. And God spoke: It is proper to believe that God spoke these words to Israel as a whole, as they assembled together at the foot of Mount Sinai. There, God answered him [Moses] by voice (Exodus 19:19), as Moses stood among the people at the foot of Mount Sinai. i. "These commandments were after all addressed to the ordinary Israelite, not to the religious elite of the day: they are expressed in strong simple terms, understandable to all, and deal with the temptations of the common man, not of the theologian." (Cole) ii. After this, the people asked that God not speak with them directly, and that Moses be the messenger (Exodus 20:18-19). After this, Moses went back up the mountain to receive more revelation from God for the people (Exodus 20:21). iii. In reading and thinking through these commandments, it should be always remembered that Israel first heard these commands spoken by God from heaven in an audible voice. This made the strongest, most authoritative impression upon the people possible. b. God spoke all these words: The following laws were not invented at Mount Sinai. A few aspects of the Mosaic Law show new revelation, but for the most part it simply clearly and definitely lays out God's law as it was written in the heart of man since the time of Adam. i. "It is wrong to steal, or murder, or covet, not primarily because these sins are forbidden by the Decalogue. They are forbidden by the Decalogue, because they were previously forbidden by conscience; and they are forbidden by conscience because they are forbidden by the nature of things; and the nature of things is God." (Meyer) ii. "It has been well said that the commandments are God's nature expressed in terms of moral imperatives." (Cole) iii. In his book The Abolition of Man, C.S. Lewis explained how there certainly is a universal morality among men. He gave concrete examples of how all cultures in the past were able to agree on the basics of morality because these principles are implanted in the heart and mind of mankind. iv. All cultures have said murder is wrong, and kindness is good. All agree that we have particular obligations to our family. All say that honesty is good and that a man cannot have any woman he wants. They agree that stealing is wrong and that justice is good. There are no cultures where cowardice is good and bravery is bad. c. God spoke all these words: This God-based moral code set the God of Israel - the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob - apart from the commonly worshipped gods of the pagan world at that time. They were often just as immoral or more immoral than their human followers. i. The God-based moral code also established that this people, this nation of Israel belonged to God and not to Moses. This wasn't Moses' law (though we often casually refer to it as such). Rather, God spoke all these words, and Moses nor any other man was never to think of himself our allow others to think of him as above the law. God was above all, and His law was and is the expression of His will. ii. The Code of Hammurabi is another well-known set of laws and principles from this same approximate period. There are some similarities between the Ten Commandments/Mosaic Law and the Code of Hammurabi, but the differences are even more profound. While Hammurabi mentions the gods of Babylon, the emphasis is clearly on him as the king and lawgiver (with divine authority, of course). The Code of Hammurabi begins with page after page of how wonderful Hammurabi is and how much he has accomplished. Hammurabi is clearly above his own law, since he was the embodiment of the law. Not so with Moses; the emphasis is clear: God spoke all these words, and no man is above the law. d. God spoke all these words: We need God to morally instruct and guide us. Though these principles resonate with the human conscience (both individually and collectively), they are certainly not the only influence upon our thinking and behavior. We need to know that there is a God in heaven who expects certain moral behavior and that there are consequences from obeying or disobeying these commands. i. The Ten Commandments (and all of the Law of Moses that follows) is a God-based moral code. It doesn't just say that certain behavior is unwise or unhelpful; it says that God commands us to do or not do certain things, and it either says or implies that: · God sees our obedience or disobedience. · God measures our obedience or disobedience. · God, in some way, rewards our obedience and punishes our disobedience. ii. Without a God-based moral code, it is difficult or impossible to answer the question "Why?" in response to any moral demand. iii. The idea of a God-based moral code seems to become less and less popular. While the idea of a moral code remains strong, the tendency grows that the moral code should be based on an individual's inner sense of right or wrong, good or bad - and not upon a standard set by God. iv. There is a persistent impulse to make one's own moral code, apart from God or His revelation. In the late 1980s, media mogul Ted Turner suggested replacing the Ten Commandments with his own "10 Voluntary Initiatives." Mr. Turner's list is conspicuous in its failure to mention God or religion in any way. These were Mr. Turner's Voluntary Initiatives: 1. I promise to have love and respect for the planet earth and living things thereon, especially my fellow species--humankind. 2. I promise to treat all persons everywhere with dignity, respect, and friendliness. 3. I promise to have no more than two children, or no more than my nation suggests. 4. I promise to use my best efforts to save what is left of our natural world in its untouched state and to restore damaged or destroyed areas where practical. 5. I pledge to use as little nonrenewable resources as possible. 6. I pledge to use as little toxic chemicals, pesticides, and other poisons as possible and to work for their reduction by others. 7. I promise to contribute to those less fortunate than myself, to help them become self-sufficient and enjoy the benefits of a decent life, including clean air and water, adequate food and health care, housing, education, and individual rights. 8. I reject the use of force, in particular military force, and back United Nations arbitration of international disputes. 9. I support the total elimination of all nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons of mass destruction. 10. I support the United Nations and its efforts to collectively improve the conditions of the planet. e. God spoke all these words: The Bible tells us that the law is holy, just, and good (Romans 7:12). It tells us that every good and perfect gift comes from God (James 1:17). These commandments are good gifts that came to Israel and humanity at Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are good because: · They show the wise moral guidance and government of God. · They answer the need of mankind for moral guidance and government. · They give us a way to teach morality. · They would make the world so much better if obeyed. · They are good for all humanity; some of the Law of Moses is specific unto Israel, but the Ten Commandments are universal. · They are good when they are promoted and held as ideals, even when they are not perfectly obeyed. i. "The 'ten words' are at once the beginning and the heart of the Mosaic revelation." (Cole) f. God spoke all these words: It is important for us to know, understand, receive, and obey all of these commandments in a fully Biblical perspective, also taking into account what the rest of the Book of Exodus the New Testament also tells us about the law of God. i. The Ten Commandments were never given with the thought that one might earn heaven by obeying them all perfectly or adequately. The covenant God made with Israel at Mount Sinai was much bigger than the law, though that was its first and perhaps most dramatic aspect. Another aspect of the covenant was sacrifice, which was given because both God and Israel knew that it was impossible for them to keep this law perfectly, and they must depend on the sacrifice of an innocent victim as a substitute for the guilty law-breaker. In this sense, the Ten Commandments were like a mirror that showed Israel their need for sacrifice. ii. These Ten Commandments can also be summarized as Jesus did in Matthew 22:35-40: Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?" Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets." This simplification doesn't eliminate the Ten Commandments; it fulfills them, showing us the heart and desire of God for His people. The problem is that we haven't kept the two commandments either, much less the ten. iii. More importantly, we know that Jesus Himself was the only one to ever keep the law perfectly - either in the ten or the two. He never needed to sacrifice for His own sin, so could be the perfect sacrifice for our sin. Wonderfully, His obedience is credited to those who put their love and trust in Him. Romans 8:2-3 puts it this way: For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. This is God's amazing promise to those who repent and believe on Jesus. iv. The law is a schoolmaster to us (Galatians 3:22-25). Before God's plan of salvation in Jesus Christ was fully evident, we were kept under guard by the law - both in the sense of being bound by the law, but also held in protective custody. The law, through its revelation of God's character and its exposure of our sin, prepares us to come to Jesus - but after we have come, we no longer have to live under our tutor (though we remember the behavior he has taught us). v. From the perspective of the entire Bible, we can say that the law of God has three great purposes and uses: · It is a guardrail, keeping humanity on a moral path. · It is a mirror, showing us our moral failure and need for a savior. · It is a guide, showing us the heart and desire of God for His people. vi. "The great message of the Christian faith is, therefore, that we are free from the Law's condemnation in order that we may be able to fulfill its obligation by the power of [Jesus] within us." (Redpath) vii. "My obedience therefore is not legal, but inspired by love and empowered by God's Holy Spirit. Does New Testament grace allow a lower standard than Old Testament law? The standard under grace is higher." (Redpath) viii. The Ten Commandments are often organized into two groups. The first four focus on our conduct toward God, and the next six on our conduct toward one another. 2. (2-3) The first commandment: no other gods before Me. "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me." a. I am the LORD your God: In the ancient world (including Egypt), men worshipped many gods. Here Yahweh (the LORD), the covenant God of Israel, set Himself apart from any of the other supposed deities. i. In these first few words, God both reminded and taught Israel essential facts or principles about who He is, about His nature. · God is above nature; He is not merely the personification of fire, or the wind, or the sun, or the sky, or any other created thing. · God is personal; He is not a depersonalized force; He relates with and communicates to man in an understandable way. God has a mind, a will, a voice, and so forth. · God is good; He had done good for Israel and now does good for them in giving these commands, the keeping of which not only pleases Him, but is genuinely best for humanity. · God is holy; He is different than the supposed gods of the pagans, and He therefore also expects His people to be different. ii. It seems that the structure of these commands and covenant were familiar in the ancient world. "Most scholars point to the similarity between this historical prologue (followed by its stipulations, witnesses, and provisions for succession) and the great suzerain-vassal treaty forms of the ancient Near East." (Kaiser) b. Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage: Before God commanded anything of Israel He reminded them what He had done for them. This was a clear foundation: because of who God is, and what He has done for us, He has the right to tell us what to do - and we have the obligation to obey Him. i. "God did not promulgate a code of laws for the children of Israel, while they were in bondage, telling them that if they would obey it, He would deliver them. He brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, and then gave them His law." (Morgan) ii. "God's blessings are binders; every deliverance is a tie to obedience." (Trapp) c. You shall have no other gods before Me: The first commandment logically flowed from understanding who God was and what He had done for Israel. Because of that, nothing was to come before God and He was the only God we worship and serve. i. In the days of ancient Israel, there was great temptation to worship the gods of materialism (such as Baal, the god of weather and financial success) and sex (such as Ashtoreth, the goddess of sex, romance, and reproduction), or any number of other local deities. We are tempted to worship the same gods, but without the old-fashioned names and images. ii. It has been said (perhaps first by John Calvin) that human nature is like an idol factory that operates constantly. We constantly deal with the temptation to set all kinds of things before or competing with God and His preeminent place in our life. d. No other gods before Me: This does not imply that it is permissible to have other gods, as long as they line up behind the true God. Instead the idea is that there are to be no other gods before the sight of the true God in our life. According to Cole, before Me is literally, To My face. i. This means God demands to be more than added to our lives. We don't just add Jesus to the life we already have. We must give Him all our life. ii. Failure to obey this commandment is called idolatry. We are to flee idolatry (1 Corinthians 10:14). Those lives marked by habitual idolatry will not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9-10, Ephesians 5:5, Revelation 21:8, 22:15). Idolatry is a work of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-20), which marks our old life instead of the new (1 Peter 4:3), and we are not to associate with those who call themselves Christians who are idolaters (1 Corinthians 5:11). 3. (4-6) The second commandment: You shall not make for yourself any carved image…you shall not bow down to them. "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments." a. You shall not make for yourself a carved image: The second commandment prohibited not only idolatry regarding false gods (overlapping with the first commandment), it also forbids with making an image of any created thing that we might worship (you shall not bow down to them nor serve them). i. Some take this command to prohibit any kind of representation of God, such as with a painting of Jesus or a picture of a dove to represent the Holy Spirit, or any other representation. However, others emphasize that the prohibition is actually in the making of an image that would be or would likely be worshipped (you shall not bow down to them nor serve them). ii. Speaking later of Israel's experience at Sinai, Moses wrote: And the LORD spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard the sound of the words, but saw no form; you only heard a voice (Deuteronomy 4:12). This established the principle that the worship of God was to be word-based and not image-based. b. Or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath: In that day as well as in our own, worship was tied closely with images - idealized images, or even images in the mind of man. God will not allow us to depict Him with any such image, nor replace Him with another image. i. The second commandment doesn't forbid making an image of something for artistic purposes; God Himself commanded Israel make images of cherubim (Exodus 25:18, 26:31). It forbids the making of images as an aid or help to worship. "If the making of cherubim was permitted, then the prohibition of the 'image' will refer only to the making of direct objects of worship." (Cole) ii. "To countenance its image worship, the Roman Catholic Church has left the whole of this second commandment out of the decalogue, and thus lost one whole commandment out of the ten; but to keep up the number they have divided the tenth into two." (Clarke) iii. In John 4:24 Jesus explained the rationale behind the second commandment: God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. The use of images and other material things as a focus or help to worship denies who God is (Spirit) and how we must worship Him (in spirit and truth). iv. Paul reminded us of the danger and futility of trying to make God into our own image: Professing to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man; and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things. (Romans 1:22-23) c. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God: God is jealous in the sense that He will not accept being merely added to the life; He insists on being supreme, and does this out of love. i. "God's jealousy is love in action. He refuses to share the human heart with any rival, not because He is selfish and wants us all for Himself, but because He knows that upon that loyalty to Him depends our very moral life…God is not jealous of us: He is jealous for us." (Redpath) ii. " 'Zealous' might be a better translation in modern English, since 'jealousy' has acquired an exclusively bad meaning." (Cole) d. Visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me: This does not mean God punishes people directly for the sins of their ancestors. The important words are of those who hate Me. If the descendants love God, they will not have the iniquity of the fathers visited on them. i. "'This necessarily implies - IF the children walk in the steps of their fathers; for no man can be condemned by Divine justice for a crime of which he was never guilty." (Clarke) ii. "Children who repeat the sins of their father evidence it in personally hating god; hence they too are punished like their fathers." (Kaiser) iii. Yet, the focus here is on idolatry, and this refers to judgment on a national scale - nations that forsake the LORD will be judged, and that judgment will have effects throughout generations. e. But showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments: It's possible for everyone to receive God's mercy; if they will only turn to Him in love and obedience. 4. (7) The third commandment: You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. "You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain." a. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain: There are at least three ways this command is commonly disobeyed. · Profanity: Using the name of God in blasphemy and cursing. · Frivolity: Using the name of God in a superficial, stupid way. · Hypocrisy: Claiming the name of God but acting in a way that disgraces Him i. Jesus communicated the idea of this command in the disciples' prayer, when He taught us to have a regard for the holiness of God's name (Hallowed be Your name, Matthew 6:9). b. For the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain: The strength of this command has led to strange traditions among the Jewish people. Some go to extreme measures to avoid violating this command, refusing to even write out the word God, in the fear that the paper might be destroyed and the name of God be written in vain. 5. (8-11) The fourth commandment: Remember the Sabbath day. "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it." a. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy: The command is to respect the seventh day (Saturday) as a day of rest (you shall do no work). This rest was for all of Israel - for the son and the servant and the stranger - even including cattle. i. This is an important principle that might be too easily passed over. Here God declared the essential humanity and dignity of women, slaves, and strangers, and said they had the same right to a day of rest as the free Israeli man. This was certainly a radical concept in the ancient world. ii. "The baser sort of people in Sweden do always break the Sabbath, saying that it is for gentlemen to keep that day." (Trapp) b. To keep it holy: God commanded Israel - and all humanity - to make sure that there was sacred time in their life, separated time of rest. i. In their traditions, the Jewish people came to carefully quantify what they thought could and could not be done on the Sabbath day, in order to keep it holy. For example, in Luke 6:1-2, in the mind of the Jewish leaders, the disciples were guilty of four violations of the Sabbath every time they took a bite of grain out in the field, because they reaped, threshed, winnowed, and prepared food. ii. Ancient Rabbis taught that on the Sabbath, a man could not carry something in his right hand or in his left hand, across his chest or on his shoulder. But he could carry something with the back of his hand, his foot, his elbow, or in his ear, his hair, or in the hem of his shirt, or in his shoe or sandal. Or on the Sabbath Israelites were forbidden to tie a knot - except, a woman could tie a knot in her girdle. So, if a bucket of water had to be raised from a well, an Israelite could not tie a rope to the bucket, but a woman could tie her girdle to the bucket and pull it up from the well. iii. In observant Jewish homes today, one cannot turn on a light, a stove, or a switch on the Sabbath. It is forbidden to drive a certain distance or to make a telephone call - all carefully regulated by traditions seeking to spell out the law exactly. c. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth: God established the pattern for the Sabbath at the time of creation. When He rested from His works on the seventh day, God made the seventh day a day of rest from all our works (Genesis 2:3). It's as if God said, Having too much to do isn't an excuse from taking the rest you need - I created the universe and found time to rest from My work. i. When God told them to remember the Sabbath, He told them to remember the rest. "The term 'Sabbath' is derived from the Hebrew verb 'to rest or cease from work.'" (Kaiser) The most important purpose of the Sabbath was to serve as a preview picture of the rest we have in Jesus. ii. Like everything in the Bible, we understand this with the perspective of the whole Bible, not this single passage. With this understanding, we see that there is a real sense in which Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11) - He is our rest, when we remember His finished work we remember the Sabbath, we remember the rest. iii. Therefore, the whole of Scripture makes it clear that under the New Covenant, no one is under obligation to observe a Sabbath day (Colossians 2:16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11). Galatians 4:10 tells us that Christians are not bound to observe days and months and seasons and years. The rest we enter into as Christians is something to experience every day, not just one day a week - the rest of knowing we don't have to work to save ourselves, but our salvation is accomplished in Jesus (Hebrews 4:9-10). iv. The Sabbath commanded here and observed by Israel was a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ (Colossians 2:16-17). In the New Covenant the idea isn't that there is no Sabbath, but that every day is a day of Sabbath rest in the finished work of God. Since the shadow of the Sabbath is fulfilled in Jesus, we are free to keep any particular day - or no day - as a Sabbath after the custom of ancient Israel. v. Yet we dare not ignore the importance of a day of rest - God has built us so that we need one. Like a car that needs regular maintenance, we need regular rest - or we will not wear well. Some people are like high mileage cars that haven't been maintained well, and it shows. vi. Some Christians are also dogmatic about observing Saturday as the Sabbath as opposed to Sunday. But because we are free to regard all days as given by God, it makes no difference. But in some ways, Sunday is more appropriate; being the day Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9), and first met with His disciples (John 20:19), and a day when Christians gathered for fellowship (Acts 20:7 and 1 Corinthians 16:2). Under Law, men worked towards God's rest; but after Jesus' finished work on the cross, the believer enters into rest and goes from that rest out to work. vii. But we are also commanded to work six days. "He who idles his time away in the six days is equally culpable in the sight of God as he who works on the seventh." (Clarke) Many Christians should give more "leisure time" to the work of the LORD. Every Christian should have a deliberate way to serve God and advance the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. B. Six commandments regarding our conduct before God and man. 1. (12) The fifth commandment: Honor your father and your mother. "Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the LORD your God is giving you." a. Honor your father and your mother: This command is wise and good, because honor for parents is an essential building block for the stability and health of all society. If the younger generations are constantly at war with older generations, the foundations of society will be destroyed. i. To honor one's parents includes to prize them, to care for them, and to show respect or reverence to them. The command is given to children, but not for only while they are children. "This is not a popular doctrine in our modern world, where youth is worshipped, and old age dreaded or despised. The result is the folly by which men or women strive to remain eternally youthful, only to find it an impossible task." (Cole) ii. Jesus used the way the Pharisees interpreted this commandment as an example of how one might keep the law with a limited interpretation yet violate the spirit of the commandment (Matthew 15:3-6). b. That your days may be long: In Ephesians 6:2 Paul repeated this command, emphasizing the promise stated here, that your days may be long upon the land. Rebellion is costly, and many have paid a high price personally for their rebellion against their parents. i. "A good child lengtheneth his father's days; therefore God promiseth to lengthen his." (Trapp) 2. (13) The sixth commandment: You shall not murder. "You shall not murder." a. You shall not murder: In Hebrew as well as in English there is a distinction between to kill and to murder. As opposed to killing, murder is the taking of life without legal justification (execution after due process) or moral justification (killing in defense). i. "Only two words are used in Hebrew, as blunt as the order 'no killing' would be in English." (Cole) ii. Kaiser on rasah: "Hebrew possesses seven words for killing…If any one of the seven words could signify 'murder,' where factors of premeditation and intentionality are present, this is the verb." (Kaiser) iii. This important distinction explains how someone can quite consistently argue for the principle of capital punishment and the prohibition of murder. When carried out properly, capital punishment is killing with legal justification. b. You shall not murder: Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. He showed that it also prohibits us from hating someone else (Matthew 5:21-26), because we can wish someone dead in our hearts, yet never have the nerve to commit the deed. Someone may not kill from a lack of courage or initiative, yet his or her heart is filled with hatred. 3. (14) The seventh commandment: You shall not commit adultery. "You shall not commit adultery." a. You shall not commit adultery: Clearly, the act itself is condemned. God allows no justification for the ways that many often seek to justify extra-marital sex. It is not to be done, and when it is done it is sin and it damages. i. "For a man to have intercourse with another man's wife was considered as heinous sin against God as well as man, long before the law, in patriarchal times (Genesis 39:9)." (Cole) ii. Because there are different punishments for adultery (Deuteronomy 22:22) and the seduction of a virgin woman (Exodus 22:16-17, Deuteronomy 22:23-29), adultery is distinguished from pre-marital sex in the Old Testament. Each is wrong, but wrong in sometimes-different ways. iii. Some years ago there was a Christian music industry singer named Michael English. He lost his recording contract and marriage over adultery with another Christian singer. Afterward he said of his adultery and its aftermath: "Maybe God allowed this to happen to make me see I needed some freedom." No! b. You shall not commit adultery: The New Testament clearly condemns adultery: Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication uncleanness, licentiousness…(Galatians 5:19). The act is condemned, but not only the act itself. i. More than the act itself, Jesus carefully explained the heart of this commandment. It prohibits us from looking at a woman to lust for her, where we commit adultery in our heart or mind, yet may not have the courage or opportunity to do the act (Matthew 5:27-30). We aren't innocent just because we didn't have the opportunity to sin the way we really want to. ii. "As to the word adultery, adulterium, it has probably been derived from the words ad alterius torum, to another's bed; for it is going to the bed of another man that constitutes the act and the crime." (Clarke) 4. (15) The eighth commandment: You shall not steal. "You shall not steal." a. Not steal: This command is another important foundation for human society, establishing the right to personal property. God has clearly entrusted certain possessions to certain individuals, and other people or states are not permitted to take that property without due process of law. b. Not steal: We can also steal from God. Of course, this demands we honor God with our financial resources, so we are not guilty of robbing Him (Malachi 3:8-10). But we can also rob God by refusing to give Him ourselves for obedience and His service, because He bought us and owns us: knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold…but with the precious blood of Christ (1 Peter 1:18-19) i. 1 Corinthians 6:20 gives the same idea: For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's. c. Not steal: Ephesians 4:28 gives the solution to stealing. Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need. 5. (16) The ninth commandment: You shall not bear false witness. "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." a. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The primary sense of this command has to do with the legal process. Yet it is common to speak in an informal court, where what we say is taken seriously and truth or error matters for us and for others. i. In an extended sense, we can break the ninth commandment through slander, tale bearing, creating false impressions, by silence, by questioning the motives behind someone's actions, or even by flattery. ii. "Slander…is a lie invented and spread with intent to do harm. That is the worst form of injury a person can do to another. Compared to one who does this, a gangster is a gentleman, and a murderer is kind, because he ends life in a moment with a stroke and with little pain. But the man guilty of slander ruins a reputation which may never be regained, and causes lifelong suffering." (Redpath) iii. "Talebearing…is repeating a report about a person without careful investigation. Many, many times I have known what it is to suffer with that. To repeat a story which brings discredit and dishonor to another person without making sure of the facts, is breaking this commandment…How many people, especially Christian people, revel in this, and delight in working havoc by telling tales about others. To excuse the action by saying they believed the report to be true, or that there was no intention to malign, is no justification." (Redpath) iv. Inappropriate silence may also break this command. "When someone utters a falsity about another and a third person is present who knows that statement to be untrue but, for reasons of fear or being disliked, remains quiet, that third person is as guilty of breaking this law as if he had told a lie." (Redpath) v. "Neither bear it, nor hear it; raise, nor receive wrong reports of another; [do not] make a lie, nor love it when it is made." (Trapp) b. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: The New Testament puts it simply. Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds (Colossians 3:9). Lying and false representations belong to the old man, not to the new life we have in Jesus. i. "How very strange that we have ever come to think that Christian maturity is shown by the ability to speak our minds, whereas it is really expressed in controlling our tongues." (Redpath) ii. "What a startling revelation it would be if a tape recording could be played of all that every church member has said about his fellow members in one week!" (Redpath) iii. Satan is always there to encourage a lie (John 8:44; Acts 5:3); and Jesus Himself was the victim of false witness (Mark 14:57); in some ways, we might say this was the sin that sent Jesus to the cross. 6. (17) The tenth commandment: You shall not covet. "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's." a. You shall not covet: All the first nine commands focus more on things we do; the tenth deals straight with the heart and its desires. i. Literally, the word for covet here means, to pant after. "Hebrew hamad, 'desire', is in itself a neutral word. It is only when misdirected to that which belongs to another that such 'desire' becomes wrong." (Cole) ii. Covetousness works like this: the eyes look upon an object, the mind admires it, the will goes over to it, and the body moves in to possess it. Just because you have not taken the final step does not mean you are not in the process of coveting right now. b. Your neighbor's house…wife…ox…donkey: Covetousness can be expressed towards all sorts of things; it is the itch to have and to possess what someone else has. It speaks of a dissatisfaction with what we have, and a jealously towards those who have something better. i. Hebrews 13:5 puts it well: Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, "I will never leave you nor forsake you." ii. This last commandment is closely connected with the first commandment against idolatry: For this you know, that no… covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God (Ephesians 5:5). iii. Jesus gave a special warning about covetousness, which explained the core philosophy of the covetous heart: And He said to them, "Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one's life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses." (Luke 12:15) C. The nation's great fear of the presence of God. 1. (18) The people stand afar off. Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. a. All the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning: Awesome sights and sounds came from Mount Sinai together with the speaking of the law. All of the phenomenon together made for an overwhelming scene. i. Lightning flashes: "The word here is unusual and might be translated 'torches', meaning 'flashes' or 'fireballs'. This is the same word used for the symbol of God's presence that Abraham sees at the making of God's covenant with him (Genesis 15)." (Cole) ii. The mountain smoking: Deuteronomy 5:23 explains why the mountain smoked; it says the mountain was burning with fire. b. They trembled and stood afar off: The awe of all the phenomenon did nothing to draw the people closer to God; it only made them stand afar off. 2. (19) The request of the people. Then they said to Moses, "You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die." a. Let not God speak with us: One might think that Israel loved the dramatic experience at Mount Sinai, and especially the honor of hearing God's voice like a loudspeaker from heaven. Instead, because of the great awe and dread they felt, they wanted God to stop speaking to them directly. i. Biblically speaking, an up-close encounter with God could just as often be troubling as it might be comforting. Israel could not see, feel, and hear this much from God and not at the same time be acutely aware that He is perfect and holy and they were not. ii. This is a typical reaction of those who came into the presence of God, such as Isaiah who felt undone before God (Isaiah 6:1-5) and John who fell as a dead man before the Lord (Revelation 1:17). iii. "What Israel dreaded, Moses coveted (Exodus 33:18)." (Cole) b. You speak with us, and we will hear: The people promised to hear and (by implication) obey the word of God that came to them by Moses. They failed in this promise, both soon after this and in the longer term. i. In following generations, Israel interpreted the law downward so it could be more easily obeyed, removing the heart and intent of the law. Jesus exposed this shallow understanding of the law in His Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:17-48). This progressed to the point where Saul of Tarsus could say and mean of himself, concerning the righteousness which is in the law, [I was counted] blameless (Philippians 3:6). c. Let not God speak with us, lest we die: In drawing back from direct dealing with God, Israel wanted Moses to be their mediator, fearing death if they did not have a mediator. i. Man's desire for a mediator - someone to act as a go-between with us a God - is only good if it is fulfilled in Jesus Christ, for there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 2:5). 3. (20) The purpose for this fear. And Moses said to the people, "Do not fear; for God has come to test you, and that His fear may be before you, so that you may not sin." a. Do not fear; for God has come to test you: The people of Israel wanted to separate themselves from the manifest presence of God, but God meant it for good to test them. · The test revealed to them what kind of God they served: a God above nature, personal, good, and holy. · The test revealed to them what God's expectations were, that God is a moral God who expects moral behavior from His people. · The test revealed to them their own weakness and need for God's grace, help, and rescue. b. That His fear may be before you: This distinguishes between two kinds of fear. Do not fear speaks of the tormenting fear that comes from both guilt and danger. That His fear may be before you speaks of the attitude of honor and reverence that leads to respect and obedience. i. "Fear not. And yet fear." (Trapp) ii. Though it is better to obey God out of fear than to disobey Him, God's ultimate motivation for obedience is love. This is clear from 1 John 4:18-19: There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love. We love Him because He first loved us. c. So that you may not sin: Israel did not learn this lesson well. In approximately 40 days they danced around a gold calf with both idolatry and immorality (Exodus 32).

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13. Surah Al-Baqarah

  • Published: 2012-03-17T04:56:53Z
  • By Rezowan
Surah Al-Baqarah

2. Al-Baqarah Introduction to this Surat. In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 1. Alif-Lâm-Mîm. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'ân and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings]. 2. This is the Book (the Qur'ân), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqûn [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. 3. Who believe in the Ghaib [] and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), [] and spend out of what we have provided for them [i.e. give Zakât [], spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give charity to the poor and also in Allâh's Cause - Jihâd, etc.]. 4. And who believe in (the Qur'ân and the Sunnah) [] which has been sent down (revealed) to you (Muhammad Peace be upon him ) and in [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.] which were sent down before you and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter. (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad deeds, Paradise and Hell, etc.). 5. They are on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful. 6. Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe. 7. Allâh has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearings, (i.e. they are closed from accepting Allâh's Guidance), and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment. 8. And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allâh and the Last Day" while in fact they believe not. 9. They (think to) deceive Allâh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! 10. In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allâh has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. 11. And when it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth," they say: "We are only peacemakers." 12. Verily! They are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not. 13. And when it is said to them (hypocrites): "Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad Peace be upon him , Al-Ansâr and Al-Muhajirûn) have believed," they say: "Shall we believe as the fools have believed?" Verily, they are the fools, but they know not. 14. And when they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe," but when they are alone with their Shayâtin (devils - polytheists, hypocrites, etc.), they say: "Truly, we are with you; verily, we were but mocking." 15. Allâh mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doings to wander blindly. 16. These are they who have purchased error for guidance, so their commerce was profitless. And they were not guided. 17. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him, Allâh took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see. 18. They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the Right Path). 19. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allâh ever encompasses the disbelievers (i.e. Allâh will gather them all together). 20. The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes for them, they walk therein, and when darkness covers them, they stand still. And if Allâh willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Certainly, Allâh has power over all things. 21. O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allâh), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 22. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allâh (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped). [] 23. And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur'ân) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him ), then produce a Sûrah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allâh, if you are truthful. 24. But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers. 25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before," and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein Azwâjun Mutahharatun [] (purified mates or wives), (having no menses, stools, urine, etc.) and they will abide therein forever. 26. Verily, Allâh is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for those who believe, they know that it is the Truth from their Lord, but as for those who disbelieve, they say: "What did Allâh intend by this parable?" By it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads thereby only those who are Al-Fâsiqûn (the rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). [] 27. Those who break Allâh's Covenant after ratifying it, and sever what Allâh has ordered to be joined (as regards Allâh's Religion of Islâmic Monotheism, and to practise its legal laws on the earth and also as regards keeping good relations with kith and kin []), and do mischief on earth, it is they who are the losers. 28. How can you disbelieve in Allâh? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return. 29. He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawâ (rose over) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything. 30. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth." They said: "Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You." He (Allâh) said: "I know that which you do not know." 31. And He taught Adam all the names (of everything) [], then He showed them to the angels and said, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful." 32. They (angels) said: "Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise." 33. He said: "O Adam! Inform them of their names," and when he had informed them of their names, He said: "Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?" 34. And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before Adam.". And they prostrated except Iblîs (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allâh). 35. And We said: "O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will, but come not near this tree or you both will be of the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers)." 36. Then the Shaitân (Satan) made them slip therefrom (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said: "Get you down, all, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time." 37. Then Adam received from his Lord Words []. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful. 38. We said: "Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve. 39. But those who disbelieve and belie Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) such are the dwellers of the Fire, they shall abide therein forever. 40. O Children of Israel! Remember My Favour which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill (your obligations to) My Covenant (with you) so that I fulfill (My Obligations to) your covenant (with Me), and fear none but Me. 41. And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur'ân), confirming that which is with you, [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy not with My Verses [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] a small price (i.e. getting a small gain by selling My Verses), and fear Me and Me Alone. (Tafsir At-Tabarî, Vol. I, Page 253). 42. And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth [i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allâh's Messenger and his qualities are written in your Scriptures, the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] while you know (the truth) []. 43. And perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât, and Irka' (i.e. bow down or submit yourselves with obedience to Allâh) along with Ar­Raki'ûn. [] 44. Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allâh) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, [] while you recite the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah)]! Have you then no sense? 45. And seek help in patience and As-Salât (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khâshi'ûn [i.e. the true believers in Allâh - those who obey Allâh with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]. 46. (They are those) who are certain that they are going to meet their Lord, and that unto Him they are going to return. 47. O Children of Israel! Remember My Favour which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you to the 'Alamîn (mankind and jinns) (of your time period, in the past). 48. And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken from him nor will they be helped. 49. And (remember) when We delivered you from Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people, who were afflicting you with a horrible torment, killing your sons and sparing your women, and therein was a mighty trial from your Lord. 50. And (remember) when We separated the sea for you and saved you and drowned Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them). 51. And (remember) when We appointed for Mûsa (Moses) forty nights, and (in his absence) you took the calf (for worship), and you were Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.). 52. Then after that We forgave you so that you might be grateful. 53. And (remember) when We gave Mûsa (Moses) the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah)] and the criterion (of right and wrong) so that you may be guided aright. 54. And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: "O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill yourselves (the innocent kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Lord." Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. 55. And (remember) when you said: "O Mûsa (Moses)! We shall never believe in you till we see Allâh plainly." But you were seized with a thunderbolt (lightning) while you were looking. 56. Then We raised you up after your death, so that you might be grateful. 57. And We shaded you with clouds and sent down on you Al-Manna [] and the quails, (saying): "Eat of the good lawful things We have provided for you," (but they rebelled). And they did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves. 58. And (remember) when We said: "Enter this town (Jerusalem) and eat bountifully therein with pleasure and delight wherever you wish, and enter the gate in prostration (or bowing with humility) and say: 'Forgive us,' and We shall forgive you your sins and shall increase (reward) for the good-doers." 59. But those who did wrong changed the word from that which had been told to them for another, so We sent upon the wrong-doers Rijzan (a punishment) [] from the heaven because of their rebelling against Allâh's Obedience. (Tafsir At-Tabarî, Vol. I, Page 305). 60. And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) asked for water for his people, We said: "Strike the stone with your stick." Then gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. Each (group of) people knew its own place for water. "Eat and drink of that which Allâh has provided and do not act corruptly, making mischief on the earth." 61. And (remember) when you said, "O Mûsa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fûm (wheat or garlic), its lentils and its onions." He said, "Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town and you shall find what you want!" And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the Wrath of Allâh. That was because they used to disbelieve the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh and killed the Prophets wrongfully. That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the bounds (in their disobedience to Allâh, i.e. commit crimes and sins). 62. Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, [] whoever believes in Allâh and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve []. 63. And (O Children of Israel, remember) when We took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying): "Hold fast to that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein so that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 64. Then after that you turned away. Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allâh upon you, indeed you would have been among the losers. 65. And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday). We said to them: "Be you monkeys, despised and rejected." 66. So We made this punishment an example to their own and to succeeding generations and a lesson to those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 67. And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: "Verily, Allâh commands you that you slaughter a cow." They said, "Do you make fun of us?" He said, "I take Allâh's Refuge from being among Al-Jâhilûn (the ignorants or the foolish)." 68. They said, "Call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is!" He said, "He says, 'Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, but (it is) between the two conditions', so do what you are commanded." 69. They said, "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us its colour." He said, "He says, 'It is a yellow cow, bright in its colour, pleasing to the beholders.' " 70. They said, "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Verily to us all cows are alike, And surely, if Allâh wills, we will be guided." 71. He [Mûsa (Moses)] said, "He says, 'It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other colour except bright yellow.' " They said, "Now you have brought the truth." So they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it. 72. And (remember) when you killed a man and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime. But Allâh brought forth that which you were hiding. 73. So We said: "Strike him (the dead man) with a piece of it (the cow)." Thus Allâh brings the dead to life and shows you His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) so that you may understand. 74. Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allâh. And Allâh is not unaware of what you do. 75. Do you (faithful believers) covet that they will believe in your religion inspite of the fact that a party of them (Jewish rabbis) used to hear the Word of Allâh [the Taurât (Torah)], then they used to change it knowingly after they understood it? 76. And when they (Jews) meet those who believe (Muslims), they say, "We believe", but when they meet one another in private, they say, "Shall you (Jews) tell them (Muslims) what Allâh has revealed to you [Jews, about the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him , that which are written in the Taurât (Torah)] [], that they (Muslims) may argue with you (Jews) about it before your Lord?" Have you (Jews) then no understanding? 77. Know they (Jews) not that Allâh knows what they conceal and what they reveal? 78. And there are among them (Jews) unlettered people, who know not the Book, but they trust upon false desires and they but guess. 79. Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, "This is from Allâh," to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby. 80. And they (Jews) say, "The Fire (i.e. Hell-fire on the Day of Resurrection) shall not touch us but for a few numbered days." Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him to them): "Have you taken a covenant from Allâh, so that Allâh will not break His Covenant? Or is it that you say of Allâh what you know not?" 81. Yes! Whosoever earns evil and his sin has surrounded him, they are dwellers of the Fire (i.e. Hell); they will dwell therein forever. 82. And those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh swt- Islâmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell therein forever. 83. And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none but Allâh (Alone) and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred, and to orphans and Al-Masâkîn [] (the poor), [Tafsir At-Tabarî, Vol. 10, Page 158 (Verse 9:60)] and speak good to people [i.e. enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, and say the truth about Muhammad Peace be upon him ], and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât. Then you slid back, except a few of you, while you are backsliders. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubî, Vol. 2, Page 392). 84. And (remember) when We took your covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people, nor turn out your own people from their dwellings. Then, (this) you ratified and (to this) you bear witness. 85. After this, it is you who kill one another and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist (their enemies) against them, in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them, although their expulsion was forbidden to you. Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allâh is not unaware of what you do. 86. Those are they who have bought the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter. Their torment shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped. 87. And indeed, We gave Mûsa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave 'Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Rûh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel) >>]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed. 88. And they say, "Our hearts are wrapped (i.e. do not hear or understand Allâh's Word)." Nay, Allâh has cursed them for their disbelief, so little is that which they believe. 89. And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur'ân) from Allâh confirming what is with them [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], although aforetime they had invoked Allâh (for coming of Muhammad Peace be upon him ) in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when there came to them that which they had recognised, they disbelieved in it. So let the Curse of Allâh be on the disbelievers. 90. How bad is that for which they have sold their ownselves, that they should disbelieve in that which Allâh has revealed (the Qur'ân), grudging that Allâh should reveal of His Grace unto whom He will of His slaves. So they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And for the disbelievers, there is disgracing torment. 91. And when it is said to them (the Jews), "Believe in what Allâh has sent down," they say, "We believe in what was sent down to us." And they disbelieve in that which came after it, while it is the truth confirming what is with them. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him to them): "Why then have you killed the Prophets of Allâh aforetime, if you indeed have been believers?" 92. And indeed Mûsa (Moses) came to you with clear proofs, yet you worshipped the calf after he left, and you were Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). 93. And (remember) when We took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying), "Hold firmly to what We have given you and hear (Our Word). They said, "We have heard and disobeyed." And their hearts absorbed (the worship of) the calf because of their disbelief. Say: "Worst indeed is that which your faith enjoins on you if you are believers." 94. Say to (them): "If the home of the Hereafter with Allâh is indeed for you specially and not for others, of mankind, then long for death if you are truthful." 95. But they will never long for it because of what their hands have sent before them (i.e. what they have done). And Allâh is All-Aware of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). 96. And verily, you will find them (the Jews) the greediest of mankind for life and (even greedier) than those who - ascribe partners to Allâh (and do not believe in Resurrection - Magians, pagans, and idolaters, etc.). Everyone of them wishes that he could be given a life of a thousand years. But the grant of such life will not save him even a little from (due) punishment. And Allâh is All-Seer of what they do. 97. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ): "Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur'ân) down to your heart by Allâh's Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers. 98. "Whoever is an enemy to Allâh, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allâh is an enemy to the disbelievers." 99. And indeed We have sent down to you manifest Ayât (these Verses of the Qur'ân which inform in detail about the news of the Jews and their secret intentions, etc.), and none disbelieve in them but Fâsiqûn (those who rebel against Allâh's Command). 100. Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! the truth is most of them believe not. 101. And when there came to them a Messenger from Allâh (i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him ) confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allâh behind their backs as if they did not know! 102. They followed what the Shayâtin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaimân (Solomon). Sulaimân did not disbelieve, but the Shayâtin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Hârût and Mârût, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allâh's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. 103. And if they had believed, and guarded themselves from evil and kept their duty to Allâh, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew! 104. O you who believe! Say not (to the Messenger Peace be upon him ) Râ'ina [] but say Unzurna (Do make us understand) and hear. And for the disbelievers there is a painful torment. (See Verse 4:46) 105. Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) nor Al-Mushrikûn (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, idolaters, polytheists, pagans, etc.) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allâh chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty. 106. Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allâh is able to do all things? 107. Know you not that it is Allâh to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? And besides Allâh you have neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any helper. 108. Or do you want to ask your Messenger (Muhammad Peace be upon him ) as Mûsa (Moses) was asked before (i.e. show us openly our Lord?) And he who changes Faith for disbelief, verily, he has gone astray from the right way. 109. Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even, after the truth (that Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allâh's Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allâh brings His Command. Verily, Allâh is Able to do all things. 110. And perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât, and whatever of good (deeds that Allâh loves) you send forth for yourselves before you, you shall find it with Allâh. Certainly, Allâh is All-Seer of what you do. 111. And they say, "None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian." These are their own desires. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ), "Produce your proof if you are truthful." 112. Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allâh (i.e. follows Allâh's Religion of Islâmic Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin (good-doer i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allâh's sake only without any show off or to gain praise or fame, etc., and in accordance with the Sunnah of Allâh's Messenger Muhammad Peace be upon him ) then his reward is with his Lord (Allâh), on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. [See Tafsir Ibn Kathîr, Vol.1, Page 154]. 113. The Jews said that the Christians follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); and the Christians said that the Jews follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); though they both recite the Scripture. Like unto their word, said (the pagans) who know not. Allâh will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they have been differing. 114. And who is more unjust than those who forbid that Allâh's Name be glorified and mentioned much (i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) in Allâh's Mosques and strive for their ruin? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them (Allâh's Mosques) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter. 115. And to Allâh belong the east and the west, so wherever you turn yourselves or your faces there is the Face of Allâh (and He is High above, over His Throne). Surely! Allâh is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knowing. 116. And they (Jews, Christians and pagans) say: Allâh has begotten a son (children or offspring). [] Glory be to Him (Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth, and all surrender with obedience (in worship) to Him. 117. The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it : "Be!" - and it is. 118. And those who have no knowledge say: "Why does not Allâh speak to us (face to face) or why does not a sign come to us?" So said the people before them words of similar import. Their hearts are alike, We have indeed made plain the signs for people who believe with certainty. 119. Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) with the truth (Islâm), a bringer of glad tidings (for those who believe in what you brought, that they will enter Paradise) and a warner (for those who disbelieve in what you brought, they will enter the Hell-fire). [] And you will not be asked about the dwellers of the blazing Fire. 120. Never will the Jews nor the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) till you follow their religion. Say: "Verily, the Guidance of Allâh (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism) that is the (only) Guidance. And if you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. the Qur'ân), then you would have against Allâh neither any Walî (protector or guardian) nor any helper. 121. Those (who embraced Islâm from Banî Israel) to whom We gave the Book [the Taurât (Torah)] [or those (Muhammad's Peace be upon him companions) to whom We have given the Book (the Qur'ân)] recite it (i.e. obey its orders and follow its teachings) as it should be recited (i.e. followed), they are the ones that believe therein. And whoso disbelieves in it (the Qur'ân), those are they who are the losers. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubî. Vol. 2, Page 95). 122. O Children of Israel! Remember My Favour which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you to the 'Alamîn (mankind and jinns) (of your time-period, in the past). 123. And fear the Day (of Judgement) when no person shall avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall they be helped. 124. And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrâhim (Abraham) [i.e., Allâh] tried him with (certain) Commands, which he fulfilled. He (Allâh) said (to him), "Verily, I am going to make you a leader (Prophet) of mankind." [Ibrâhim (Abraham)] said, "And of my offspring (to make leaders)." (Allâh) said, "My Covenant (Prophethood, etc.) includes not Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers)." 125. And (remember) when We made the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqâm (place) of Ibrâhim (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrâhim (Abraham) >> stood while he was building the Ka'bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rak'at after the Tawâf of the Ka'bah at Makkah), and We commanded Ibrâhim (Abraham) and Ismâ'il (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (I'tikâf), or bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer). 126. And (remember) when Ibrâhim (Abraham) said, "My Lord, make this city (Makkah) a place of security and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in Allâh and the Last Day." He (Allâh) answered: "As for him who disbelieves, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the torment of the Fire, and worst indeed is that destination!" 127. And (remember) when Ibrâhim (Abraham) and (his son) Ismâ'il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), (saying), "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower." [] 128. "Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manâsik [] (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage - Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. 129. "Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own (and indeed Allâh answered their invocation by sending Muhammad Peace be upon him ), who shall recite unto them Your Verses and instruct them in the Book (this Qur'ân) and Al-Hikmah (full knowledge of the Islâmic laws and jurisprudence or wisdom or Prophethood, etc.), and sanctify them. Verily! You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." 130. And who turns away from the religion of Ibrâhim (Abraham) (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism) except him who befools himself? Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous. 131. When his Lord said to him, "Submit (i.e. be a Muslim)!" He said, "I have submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)." 132. And this (submission to Allâh, Islâm) was enjoined by Ibrâhim (Abraham) upon his sons and by Ya'qûb (Jacob), (saying), "O my sons! Allâh has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except in the Faith of Islâm (as Muslims - Islâmic Monotheism)." 133. Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya'qûb (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, "What will you worship after me?" They said, "We shall worship your Ilâh [] (God - Allâh), the Ilâh (God) of your fathers, Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ'il (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), One Ilâh (God), and to Him we submit (in Islâm)." 134. That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. 135. And they say, "Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided." Say (to them, O Muhammad Peace be upon him ), "Nay, (We follow) only the religion of Ibrâhim (Abraham), Hanifa [Islâmic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allâh (Alone)], and he was not of Al-Mushrikûn (those who worshipped others along with Allâh - see V.2:105)." [] 136. Say (O Muslims), "We believe in Allâh and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ'il (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), Ya'qûb (Jacob), and to Al-Asbât [the twelve sons of Ya'qûb (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Mûsa (Moses) and 'Iesa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islâm)." 137. So if they believe in the like of that which you believe, then they are rightly guided, but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allâh will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 138. [Our Sibghah (religion) is] the Sibghah (Religion) of Allâh (Islâm) and which Sibghah (religion) can be better than Allâh's? And we are His worshippers. [Tafsir Ibn Kathîr.] 139. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him to the Jews and Christians), "Dispute you with us about Allâh while He is our Lord and your Lord? And we are to be rewarded for our deeds and you for your deeds. [] And we are sincere to Him in worship and obedience (i.e. we worship Him Alone and none else, and we obey His Orders)." 140. Or say you that Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ'il (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), Ya'qûb (Jacob) and Al-Asbât [the twelve sons of Ya'qûb (Jacob)] were Jews or Christians? Say, "Do you know better or does Allâh (knows better… that they all were Muslims)? And who is more unjust than he who conceals the testimony [i.e. to believe in Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him when he comes, written in their Books. (See Verse 7:157)] he has from Allâh? And Allâh is not unaware of what you do." 141. That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned, and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do. 142. The fools (pagans, hypocrites, and Jews) among the people will say, "What has turned them (Muslims) from their Qiblah [prayer direction (towards Jerusalem)] to which they were used to face in prayer." Say, (O Muhammad SAW) "To Allâh belong both, east and the west. He guides whom He wills to a Straight Way." 143. Thus We have made you [true Muslims - real believers of Islâmic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind[] and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) be a witness over you. And We made the Qiblah (prayer direction towards Jerusalem) which you used to face, only to test those who followed the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from those who would turn on their heels (i.e. disobey the Messenger). Indeed it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allâh guided. And Allâh would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem). Truly, Allâh is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind. 144. Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's SAW) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- al-Harâm (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. Certainly, the people who were given the Scriptures (i.e. Jews and the Christians) know well that, that (your turning towards the direction of the Ka'bah at Makkah in prayers) is the truth from their Lord. And Allâh is not unaware of what they do. 145. And even if you were to bring to the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) all the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they would not follow your Qiblah (prayer direction), nor are you going to follow their Qiblah (prayer direction). And they will not follow each other's Qiblah (prayer direction). Verily, if you follow their desires after that which you have received of knowledge (from Allâh), then indeed you will be one of the Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.). 146. Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him (Muhammad SAW or the Ka'bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it - [i.e. the qualities of Muhammad SAW which are written in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)][]. 147. (This is) the truth from your Lord. So be you not one of those who doubt. 148. For every nation there is a direction to which they face (in their prayers). So hasten towards all that is good. Wheresoever you may be, Allâh will bring you together (on the Day of Resurrection). Truly, Allâh is Able to do all things. 149. And from wheresoever you start forth (for prayers), turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah), that is indeed the truth from your Lord. And Allâh is not unaware of what you do. 150. And from wheresoever you start forth (for prayers), turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah), and wheresoever you are, turn your faces towards, it (when you pray) so that men may have no argument against you except those of them that are wrong-doers, so fear them not, but fear Me! - And so that I may complete My Blessings on you and that you may be guided. 151. Similarly (to complete My Blessings on you) We have sent among you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) of your own, reciting to you Our Verses (the Qur'ân) and sanctifying you, and teaching you the Book (the Qur'ân) and the Hikmah (i.e. Sunnah, Islâmic laws and Fiqh - jurisprudence), and teaching you that which you used not to know. 152. Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc.).[] I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for My countless Favours on you) and never be ungrateful to Me. 153. O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salât (the prayer). Truly! Allâh is with As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.). 154. And say not of those who are killed in the Way of Allâh, "They are dead." Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not. 155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.). 156. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allâh we belong and truly, to Him we shall return." 157. They are those on whom are the Salawât (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones. 158. Verily! As-Safâ and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allâh. So it is not a sin on him who perform Hajj or 'Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawâf) between them (As-Safâ and Al-Marwah).[] And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allâh is All-Recogniser, All-Knower. 159. Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allâh and cursed by the cursers. 160. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. 161. Verily, those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers, it is they on whom is the Curse of Allâh and of the angels and of mankind, combined. 162. They will abide therein (under the curse in Hell), their punishment will neither be lightened, nor will they be reprieved. 163. And your Ilâh (God) is One Ilâh (God - Allâh), Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 164. Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allâh sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayât (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding. 165. And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allâh as rivals[] (to Allâh). They love them as they love Allâh. But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allâh and that Allâh is Severe in punishment. 166. When those who were followed, disown (declare themselves innocent of) those who followed (them), and they see the torment, then all their relations will be cut off from them. 167. And those who followed will say: "If only we had one more chance to return (to the worldly life), we would disown (declare ourselves as innocent from) them as they have disowned (declared themselves as innocent from) us." Thus Allâh will show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the Fire . 168. O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. 169. [Shaitân (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fahshâ (sinful), and that you should say against Allâh what you know not. 170. When it is said to them: "Follow what Allâh has sent down." They say: "Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following." (Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided? 171. And the example of those who disbelieve, is as that of him who shouts to the (flock of sheep) that hears nothing but calls and cries. (They are) deaf, dumb and blind. So they do not understand. 172. O you who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh - Islâmic Monotheism)! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you[] with, and be grateful to Allâh, if it is indeed He Whom you worship. 173. He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a scrifice for others than Allâh (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allâh's Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 174. Verily, those who conceal what Allâh has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allâh will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment. 175. Those are they who have purchased error at the price of Guidance, and torment at the price of Forgiveness. So how bold they are (for evil deeds which will push them) to the Fire. 176. That is because Allâh has sent down the Book (the Qur'ân) in truth. And verily, those who disputed as regards the Book are far away in opposition. 177. It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allâh, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allâh, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets[] and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masâkin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and gives the Zakât, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al­Muttaqûn (pious - see V.2:2). 178. O you who believe! Al-Qisâs (the Law of Equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. kills the killer after taking the blood money), he shall have a painful torment. 179. And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisâs (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 180. It is prescribed for you, when death approaches any of you, if he leaves wealth, that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable manners. (This is) a duty upon Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 181. Then whoever changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin shall be on those who make the change. Truly, Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 182. But he who fears from a testator some unjust act or wrong-doing, and thereupon he makes peace between the parties concerned, there shall be no sin on him. Certainly, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 183. O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting)[] is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 184. [Observing Saum (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man, etc.), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskîn (poor person) (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know.[] 185. The month of Ramadân in which was revealed the Qur'ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadân i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allâh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu-Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadân and Shawwâl] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.[] 186. And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.[] 187. It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Lîbas [i.e. body cover, or screen, or Sakan, (i.e. you enjoy the pleasure of living with her - as in Verse 7:189) Tafsir At-Tabarî], for you and you are the same for them. Allâh knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He turned to you (accepted your repentance) and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them and seek that which Allâh has ordained for you (offspring), and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall. And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I'tikâf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allâh, so approach them not. Thus does Allâh make clear His Ayât (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, verses, laws, legal and illegal things, Allâh's set limits, orders, etc.) to mankind that they may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). 188. And eat up not one another's property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully. 189. They ask you (O Muhammad SAW) about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc.) that you enter the houses from the back but Al-Birr (is the quality of the one) who fears Allâh. So enter houses through their proper doors, and fear Allâh that you may be successful. 190. And fight in the Way of Allâh[] those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allâh likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with Jihâd, but it was supplemented by another (V.9:36)]. 191. And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah[] is worse than killing. And fight not with them at Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (the sanctuary at Makkah),[] unless they (first) fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers. 192. But if they cease, then Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 193. And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others along with Allâh) and (all and every kind of) worship is for Allâh (Alone).[] But if they cease, let there be no transgression except against Az-Zâlimûn (the polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.) 194. The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality (Qisâs). Then whoever transgresses the prohibition against you, you transgress likewise against him. And fear Allâh, and know that Allâh is with Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2) . 195. And spend in the Cause of Allâh (i.e. Jihâd of all kinds, etc.) and do not throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause of Allâh), and do good. Truly, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn[] (the good-doers). 196. And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad SAW), the Hajj and 'Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allâh. But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel, etc.) such as you can afford, and do not shave your heads until the Hady reaches the place of sacrifice. And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity - feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep). Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the 'Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu' and Al-Qirân), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (i.e. non-resident of Makkah). And fear Allâh much and know that Allâh is Severe in punishment.[] 197. The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islâmic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj[] therein by assuming Ihrâm), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allâh knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa (piety, righteousness, etc.). So fear Me, O men of understanding! 198. There is no sin on you if you seek the Bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading, etc.). Then when you leave 'Arafât[], remember Allâh (by glorifying His Praises, i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) at the Mash'ar-il-Harâm.[] And remember Him (by invoking Allâh for all good, etc.) as He has guided you, and verily, you were, before, of those who were astray. 199. Then depart from the place whence all the people depart and ask Allâh for His Forgiveness. Truly, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. 200. So when you have accomplished your Manasik [(i.e. Ihrâm, Tawâf of the Ka'bah and As-Safâ and Al-Marwah), stay at 'Arafât, Muzdalifah and Mina, Ramy of Jamarât, (stoning of the specified pillars in Mina) slaughtering of Hady (animal, etc.)]. Remember Allâh as you remember your forefathers or with a far more remembrance. But of mankind there are some who say: "Our Lord! Give us (Your Bounties) in this world!" and for such there will be no portion in the Hereafter. 201. And of them there are some who say: "Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!" 202. For them there will be alloted a share for what they have earned. And Allâh is Swift at reckoning. 203. And remember Allâh during the appointed Days.[] But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allâh (fear Him), and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him. 204. And of mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad SAW), in this worldly life, and he calls Allâh to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents.[] 205. And when he turns away (from you "O Muhammad SAW "), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allâh likes not mischief. 206. And when it is said to him, "Fear Allâh", he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. So enough for him is Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest! 207. And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the Pleasure of Allâh. And Allâh is full of Kindness to (His) slaves. 208. O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islâm (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islâmic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. 209. Then if you slide back after the clear signs (Prophet Muhammad SAW and this Qur'ân, and Islâm) have come to you, then know that Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. 210. Do they then wait for anything other than that Allâh should come to them in the shadows of the clouds and the angels? (Then) the case would be already judged. And to Allâh return all matters (for decision). 211. Ask the Children of Israel how many clear Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) We gave them. And whoever changes Allâh's Favour after it had come to him, [e.g. renounces the Religion of Allâh (Islâm) and accepts Kufr (disbelief),] then surely, Allâh is Severe in punishment. 212. Beautified is the life of this world for those who disbelieve, and they mock at those who believe. But those who obey Allâh's Orders and keep away from what He has forbidden, will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allâh gives (of His Bounty, Blessings, Favours, Honours, etc. on the Day of Resurrection) to whom He wills without limit. 213. Mankind were one community and Allâh sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed. And only those to whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it after clear proofs had come unto them through hatred, one to another. Then Allâh by His Leave guided those who believed to the truth of that wherein they differed. And Allâh guides whom He wills to a Straight Path. 214. Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allâh?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allâh is near! 215. They ask you (O Muhammad SAW) what they should spend. Say: Whatever you spend of good must be for parents and kindred and orphans and Al­Masâkin (the poor) and the wayfarers, and whatever you do of good deeds, truly, Allâh knows it well. 216. Jihâd[] (holy fighting in Allâh's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allâh knows but you do not know. 217. They ask you concerning fighting in the Sacred Months (i.e. 1st, 7th, 11th and 12th months of the Islâmic calendar). Say, "Fighting therein is a great (transgression)[] but a greater (transgression) with Allâh is to prevent mankind from following the Way of Allâh, to disbelieve in Him, to prevent access to Al-Masjid-al-Harâm (at Makkah), and to drive out its inhabitants, and Al-Fitnah[] is worse than killing. And they will never cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islâmic Monotheism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever." 218. Verily, those who have believed, and those who have emigrated (for Allâh's Religion) and have striven hard in the Way of Allâh, all these hope for Allâh's Mercy. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. 219. They ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling.[] Say: "In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit." And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say: "That which is beyond your needs." Thus Allâh makes clear to you His Laws in order that you may give thought."[] 220. In (to) this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And they ask you concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers. And Allâh knows him who means mischief (e.g. to swallow their property) from him who means good (e.g. to save their property). And if Allâh had wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise." 221. And do not marry Al-Mushrikât (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allâh Alone). And indeed a slave woman who believes is better than a (free) Mushrikah (idolatress, etc.), even though she pleases you. And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikûn[] till they believe (in Allâh Alone) and verily, a believing slave is better than a (free) Mushrik (idolater, etc.), even though he pleases you. Those (Al-Mushrikûn) invite you to the Fire, but Allâh invites (you) to Paradise and Forgiveness by His Leave, and makes His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to mankind that they may remember. 222. They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allâh has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina). Truly, Allâh loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers, etc.). 223. Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth (have sexual relations with your wives in any manner as long as it is in the vagina and not in the anus), when or how you will, and send (good deeds, or ask Allâh to bestow upon you pious offspring) before you for your ownselves. And fear Allâh, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give good tidings to the believers (O Muhammad SAW). 224. And make not Allâh's (Name) an excuse in your oaths against your doing good and acting piously, and making peace among mankind. And Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower (i.e. do not swear much and if you have sworn against doing something good then give an expiation for the oath and do good).[] 225. Allâh will not call you to account for that which is unintentional in your oaths, but He will call you to account for that which your hearts have earned. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Forbearing. 226. Those who take an oath[] not to have sexual relation with their wives must wait four months, then if they return (change their idea in this period), verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 227. And if they decide upon divorce, then Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 228. And divorced women shall wait (as regards their marriage) for three menstrual periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allâh has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allâh and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise. 229. The divorce is twice, after that, either you retain her on reasonable terms or release her with kindness. And it is not lawful for you (men) to take back (from your wives) any of your Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the tim

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14. AVELI - Free Stylez De`elegance V.3

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15. 1 Chronicles 12-17 (David’s Army & Throne; the Ark of the Covenant; The House of God)

1 Chronicles 12-17 (David’s Army & Throne; the Ark of the Covenant; The House of God)

1 Chronicles 12 - David’s Army “Every word of this chapter carries the mind on to great David’s greater Son, and the men He gathers about Him.” (G. Campbell Morgan) A. The devotion of David’s army. 1. (1-2) Even the Benjaminites, the tribal relatives of Saul, come to David. Now these were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still a fugitive from Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, helpers in the war, armed with bows, using both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows with the bow. They were of Benjamin, Saul’s brethren. a. Now these were the men who came to David at Ziklag: David’s time in Ziklag is described in 1 Samuel 27 and 30. This was a time when David lived in the territory of the Philistines to escape the murderous pursuit of King Saul. b. They were among the mighty men, helpers in the war, armed with bows, using both the right hand and the left: During David’s time in Ziklag, certain mighty warriors came and expressed their allegiance to David and his cause. This was especially remarkable because they were of Benjamin, Saul’s brethren and therefore had much to gain from Saul’s continued reign. They chose David over Saul because they knew that God was with David. i. Judges 3:15 and 20:16 make special notice of left handed warriors; how much more if the soldiers can use both the right hand and the left! 2. (3-15) David’s diverse army. The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet the sons of Azmaveth; Berachah, and Jehu the Anathothite; Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, and Jozabad the Gederathite; Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite; Elkanah, Jisshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites; and Joelah and Zebadiah the sons of Jeroham of Gedor. Some Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains: Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, Jeremiah the tenth, and Machbanai the eleventh. These were from the sons of Gad, captains of the army; the least was over a hundred, and the greatest was over a thousand. These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflowed all its banks; and they put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west. a. A mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty: As mentioned in the previous chapter, David’s army seemed to be organized in groups of thirty or the leaders of thirty. In the same way, a Roman centurion was supposedly a leader of one hundred soldiers. i. “Certainly ‘Thirty’ is not to be understood in precise numerical terms, as the lists demonstrate, and either is a rather elastic number, or refers to a special kind of military leader. The word ‘Thirty’ may in fact mean an officer of some kind, either an ‘officer of the third rank’ or a member of a special three-man squad directly answerable to the king.” (Selman) b. Mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains: These Gadites were impressive soldiers. · Mighty men of valor: They were men of courage and of a warrior spirit. · Men trained for battle: They were men who paitently received the training they needed to be mighty warriors. · Who could handle shield and spear: They were men who were skilled in the use of their essential weapons (both defensive and offensive), with skill gained from their training. · Whose faces were like the faces of lions: They had the calm demeanor of men who were confident in God; they had the countenance of fierce and calm warriors. “Undaunted, fierce, and terrible to their enemies. They durst look death itself in the face upon great adventures in the field.” (Trapp) · And were as swift as gazelles on the mountains: They were mobile, active men, ready to fight wherever they were needed. i. “The grace God can make us like them. The grace of God can make us brave as lions, so that, wherever we are, we can hold our own, or rather can hold our Lord’s truth, and never blush nor be ashamed to speak a good word for him at all times. He can make us quick and active too, so that we shall be like the roes upon the mountains.” (Spurgeon) c. These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflowed all its banks: As an example of the might of these men, the Chronicler records an instance when these brave warriors crossed the Jordan at a dangerous time (Joshua 3:15 and 4:18). i. Adam Clarke on the first month: “Perhaps this was the month Nisan, which answers to a part of our March and April. This was probably before the snows on the mountains were melted, just as Jordan began to overflow its banks, it made their attempt more hazardous, and afforded additional proof of their heroism.” ii. “These Gadites likewise furnish us with a noble example of strong devotion. When the eleven men determined to join David, they were living the other side of a deep river, which at that season of the year had overflowed its banks, so that it was extremely deep and broad. But they were not to be kept from joining David, when he wanted them, by the river. They swam through the river that they might come to David.” (Spurgeon) 3. (16-22) David receives loyal soldiers at Ziklag. Then some of the sons of Benjamin and Judah came to David at the stronghold. And David went out to meet them, and answered and said to them, “If you have come peaceably to me to help me, my heart will be united with you; but if to betray me to my enemies, since there is no wrong in my hands, may the God of our fathers look and bring judgment.” Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the captains, and he said: “We are yours, O David; we are on your side, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers! For your God helps you.” So David received them, and made them captains of the troop. And some from Manasseh defected to David when he was going with the Philistines to battle against Saul; but they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines sent him away by agreement, saying, “He may defect to his master Saul and endanger our heads.” When he went to Ziklag, those of Manasseh who defected to him were Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of the thousands who were from Manasseh. And they helped David against the bands of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and they were captains in the army. For at that time they came to David day by day to help him, until it was a great army, like the army of God. a. And David went out to meet them: This shows both David’s large heart and his trust in God. He received these soldiers whom he had some reason to suspect. In his words to the sons of Benjamin, he appealed to God for wisdom and righteousness. b. Then the Spirit came upon Amasai: Literally, this “The Spirit clothed Amasai.” This Old Testament phrase is only used Judges 6:34 and 2 Chronicles 34:20, but it may have been in the mind of Jesus when He promised that His followers would be clothed with power from on high (Luke 24:49). i. “Amasai might be identified with Amasa, Absalom’s army commander who was later reinstated by David (2 Samuel 19:13).” (Selman) c. For your God helps you: Whatever the sons of Benjamin knew about David, they knew that God helped David. This made them want to follow him. i. “We have observed God’s singular and gracious care of thee, and kindness to thee, and if we should oppose thee, we should be fighters against God and his word and providence.” (Poole) d. The lords of the Philistines sent him away by agreement: During his time in Ziklag, David attempted to fight with the Philistines against Saul and the army of Israel. The Philistine lords, fearing that David planned to defect to his master Saul, refused to allow David and his mighty men to fight in the battle (1 Samuel 27). e. Until it was a great army, like the army of God: Under the hand of God and His servant David, these mighty men – who began as disaffected people with no where else to go (1 Samuel 22:1-2) – developed into an amazing force. David and his mighty men needed each other and were each nothing without the other. B. The royal army at Hebron. 1. (23-37) The army of the tribes of Israel. Now these were the numbers of the divisions that were equipped for war, and came to David at Hebron to turn over the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD: of the sons of Judah bearing shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred armed for war; of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor fit for war, seven thousand one hundred; of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred; Jehoiada, the leader of the Aaronites, and with him three thousand seven hundred; Zadok, a young man, a valiant warrior, and from his father’s house twenty-two captains; of the sons of Benjamin, relatives of Saul, three thousand (until then the greatest part of them had remained loyal to the house of Saul); of the sons of Ephraim twenty thousand eight hundred, mighty men of valor, famous men throughout their father’s house; of the half-tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were designated by name to come and make David king; of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their command; of Zebulun there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted men who could keep ranks; of Naphtali one thousand captains, and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear; of the Danites who could keep battle formation, twenty-eight thousand six hundred; of Asher, those who could go out to war, able to keep battle formation, forty thousand; of the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, from the other side of the Jordan, one hundred and twenty thousand armed for battle with every kind of weapon of war. a. Of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred: Some think that the Levites were prohibited from going to war, but this is not specifically stated. Numbers 1:47-53 says that in that census they were not to be counted among the other tribes when the men ready for war were numbered, but it does not say that they could never fight for Israel. i. “The Levites were never prohibited from engaging in the military activity, despite their religious duties.” (Selman) b. The sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do: Some ancient traditions attribute this understanding of the times to skill in astrology, yet there is no foundation for this speculation. Instead, we should simply see that these sons of Issachar were men who supported King Saul up until the right time, and at the right time gave their support to David. i. “And particularly they showed this point of their wisdom at this time; for as they had adhered to Saul whilst he lived, as knowing the time was not yet come for David to take possession of the kingdom.” (Poole) ii. “Such as well knew what was to be done, and when to do it, by a singular sagacity, gotten by long experience, rather than by skill astrology.” (Trapp) c. Stouthearted men who could keep ranks: The idea behind the word stouthearted is that these were men of a single or whole heart in their devotion to King David. This is reflected in several other translations: · They were not of double heart (KJV) · To help David with undivided loyalty (NIV) · Helped David with an undivided heart (NASB) · Completely loyal to David (NLT) i. “We read in verse 33 of Zebulon, whose warriors were not of a double heart; the margin says that they were ‘without a heart and a heart.’ The double-minded man is unstable in all his ways; he is not to be relied upon in his loyalty or service to his king.” (Meyer) ii. Because they were completely committed to their king, they could also keep ranks – that is, they stayed tight in their formations even under the heat of battle. Their single devotion to their king made them able to stay together as a single unit. iii. “Too many like to break the ranks, and do God’s work independently. Fifty men who act together will do greater execution than five hundred acting apart. . . . Unity is strength; and in their efforts to overthrow the kingdom of Satan it is most essential that the soldiers of Christ move in rank and keep step.” (Meyer) 2. (38-40) Their great support of Israel’s great king All these men of war, who could keep ranks, came to Hebron with a loyal heart, to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest of Israel were of one mind to make David king. And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their brethren had prepared for them. Moreover those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen; provisions of flour and cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, wine and oil and oxen and sheep abundantly, for there was joy in Israel. a. To make David king over Israel: This celebration came late (some seven years after the death of Saul), but it did come. The people of God together recognized David as their king. Significantly, David would not force his reign upon the people; he waited until they were willing to make David king over Israel. i. “From the whole it appears most evident that the great majority of the tribes of Israel wished to see the kingdom confirmed in the hands of David; nor was there ever in any country a man more worthy of the public choice.” (Clarke) b. For there was joy in Israel: Receiving their rightful and anointed king brought joy to Israel. i. “The paragraph as a whole, however, shows that the people of God are the real heroes of the chapter. Those Israelites exemplify the principle that when God’s people become committed to one another in obedience service to God’s chosen king, they find both unity and joy.” (Selman) ii. “The enthroning of David was the uniting of the kingdom. Herein is the secret of the unity of the Church. We shall never secure it by endeavouring to bring about an unity in thought, or act, or organization. It is as each individual heart enthrones the Saviour that each will become one with all kindred souls in the everlasting kingdom.” (Meyer) 1 Chronicles 13 – King David Brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem A. The attempt to bring the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. 1. (1-4) The plan to bring the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. Then David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader. And David said to all the assembly of Israel, “If it seems good to you, and if it is of the LORD our God, let us send out to our brethren everywhere who are left in all the land of Israel, and with them to the priests and Levites who are in their cities and their common-lands, that they may gather together to us; and let us bring the ark of our God back to us, for we have not inquired at it since the days of Saul.” Then all the assembly said that they would do so, for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people. a. David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader: Notably, the text does not say that David consulted with the LORD. A group of godly men with good intention would soon make a significant mistake because they took counsel with each other, but not with the LORD. i. Payne on to our brethren everywhere who are left: “Literally ‘our brothers that are left.’ This may reflect something of the seriousness of the third major Philistine oppression against Israel, 1010-1003 B.C., which David had just broken (2 Samuel 5:20, 25).” b. Let us bring the ark of our God back to us: This was the ark of the covenant, which God commanded Moses to make more than 400 years before David’s time. It was a wood box (the word ark means “box” or “chest”) completely covered with gold and with an ornate gold lid or top known as the mercy seat. i. The ark of our God was 3 feet 9 inches long, 2 feet 3 inches wide and 2 feet 3 inches high. In it were the tablets of the law that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai, a jar of manna, and the Aaron’s rod that miraculously budded as a confirmation of his leadership. ii. The ark of our God had come back from the land of the Philistines some 70 years before this (1 Samuel 7:1). In those years tt sat at the house of Abinadab, but now David and the people wanted to bring it back to the center of the national consciousness. c. For the thing was right in the eyes of all the people: The idea of bringing the ark of the covenant back to the center of Israel’s consciousness was good; their method of bringing it would soon be exposed as faulty. i. It was good for both David and for the Israelites to have the ark in Jerusalem. “He knew that not he, but Jehovah, was their true King. His own rule must depend upon the will and counsel of God. This it was not only necessary for him to know, the fact must be recognized by the people.” (Morgan) 2. (5-8) The procession of the ark from Kirath Jearim. So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor in Egypt to as far as the entrance of Hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjath Jearim. And David and all Israel went up to Baalah, to Kirjath Jearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up from there the ark of God the LORD, who dwells between the cherubim, where His name is proclaimed. So they carried the ark of God on a new cart from the house of Abinadab, and Uzza and Ahio drove the cart. Then David and all Israel played music before God with all their might, with singing, on harps, on stringed instruments, on tambourines, on cymbals, and with trumpets. a. To bring up from there the ark of God the LORD, who dwells between the cherubim, where His name is proclaimed: The ark of God represented the immediate presence and glory of God in Israel. David considered it a high priority to bring the ark out of obscurity and back into prominence. David wanted Israel to be alive with a sense of the near presence and glory of God. b. So they carried the ark of God on a new cart: Transporting the ark on a cart was against God’s specific command. The ark was designed to be carried (Exodus 25:12-15) and was only to be carried by Levites of the family of Koath (Numbers 4:15). i. “There it was expressly ordained that the Ark should be carried on the shoulders of the priests, because the cause of God must proceed through the world by the means of consecrated men, rather than by mechanical instrumentality.” (Meyer) ii. We can imagine what these men thought. “Look - we have a new cart for the ark of God. God will be very pleased at our fancy new cart.” They thought that a new technology or luxury could cover over their ignorant disobedience. iii. “The long neglect of the Ark may have rendered these men unfamiliar with the very explicit commands concerning the method of its removal. Or they may have grown careless at to the importance of attending to such details.” (Morgan) iv. The Philistines transported the ark on a cart in 1 Samuel 6:10-11. They got away with it because they were Philistines, but God expected more from His people. Israel was to take their example from God’s Word, not from the innovations of the Philistines. “Israel got into difficulties because they failed to recognize that worship of the true God meant they could no longer simply follow contemporary pagan practices.” (Selman) c. Uzza and Ahio drove the new cart: The meaning of the names of these sons of Abinadab paint a meaningful picture. Uzza means “strength” and Ahio means “friendly.” i. Much service for the LORD is like this - a new cart, a big production, with strength leading and friendly out front - yet all done without inquiring of God or looking to His will. Surely David prayed for God’s blessing on this big production, but he didn’t inquire of God regarding the production itself. This was a good thing done the wrong way. d. Then David and all Israel played music before God: Judging from the importance of the occasion and all the instruments mentioned, this was quite a production. The atmosphere was joyful, exciting, and engaging. The problem was that none of it pleased God because it was all in disobedience to His word. i. We are often tempted to judge a worship experience by how it makes us feel. But when we realize that worship is about pleasing God, we are driven to His word so we can know how He wants to be worshipped. ii. “If you read the story through, you will see that it appears to be an affair of singing, and harps, and psalteries, and timbrels, and cymbals, and trumpets, and of a new cart and cattle; that is about all there is in it. There is not even a mention of humiliation of heart, or of solemn awe in the presence of that God of whom the ark was but the outward symbol. I am afraid that this first attempt was too much after the will of the Flesh, and the energy of nature.” (Spurgeon) B. The death of Uzza and its aftermath. 1. (9-11) Uzza touches the ark and is killed in judgment. And when they came to Chidon’s threshing floor, Uzza put out his hand to hold the ark, for the oxen stumbled. Then the anger of the LORD was aroused against Uzza, and He struck him because he put his hand to the ark; and he died there before God. And David became angry because of the Lord’s outbreak against Uzza; therefore that place is called Perez Uzza to this day. a. When they came to Chidon’s threshing floor: At a threshing floor the whole stalks of wheat are gathered and the chaff is separated from the wheat. There was a lot of chaff in this production, and God would blow away the chaff at Chidon’s threshing floor. b. Uzza put out his hand to hold the ark: This was strictly forbidden. Regarding the transporting of the ark Numbers 4:15 says, they shall not touch any holy thing lest they die. He did it because the oxen stumbled (perhaps seeing the grain on the threshing floor) and he feared that perhaps the ark might fall of the new cart and crash to the ground. He believed that his hand on the ark was better than the ark on the ground. i. Uzza made a decision in a moment to disregard God’s command and do what seemed right to him. This shows us that even our decisions made in a moment matter before God. c. He struck him because he put his hand to the ark: God fulfilled the ominous promise of Numbers 4:15 and struck Uzza. David wanted Israel to know the presence of the LORD and God showed up at Chidon’s threshing floor - but not in the way anyone wanted. i. The sin of Uzza was more than just a reflex action or instinct. God struck Uzza because his action was based upon critical errors in his thinking. · Uzza erred in thinking it didn’t matter who transported the ark. · Uzza erred in thinking it didn’t matter how the ark was transported. · Uzza erred in thinking he knew all about the ark because it was in his father’s house for so long (2 Samuel 6:3) · Uzza erred in thinking that God couldn’t take care of the ark of Himself. · Uzza erred in thinking that the ground of Chidon’s threshing floor was less holy than his own hand. ii. “He saw no difference between the ark and any other valuable article. His intention to help was right enough; but there was a profound insensibility to the awful sacredness of the ark, on which even its Levitical bearers were forbidden to lay hands.” (Maclaren) d. David became angry because of the Lord’s outbreak: David’s anger was based in confusion. He couldn’t understand why his good intentions weren’t enough. God is concerned with both our intentions and our actions. 3. (12-14) David’s fear and God’s blessing on Obed-Edom’s house. David was afraid of God that day, saying, “How can I bring the ark of God to me?” So David would not move the ark with him into the City of David, but took it aside into the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. The ark of God remained with the family of Obed-Edom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obed-Edom and all that he had. a. David was afraid of God that day: He did not need to be afraid of God, but afraid of his own sin. There was no problem with God or with the ark itself (as the blessing on the hose of Obed-Edom demonstrated). The problem was with the lack of knowledge and obedience on the part of David and those who helped him plan the entrance of the ark into Jerusalem. i. “If Chronicles’ readers wanted Israel’s former glories restored, they too must reckon with a God whose dynamic holiness could not be contained within human limitations.” (Selman) b. How can I bring the ark of God to me? David knew it was important to bring the ark of God into the center of Israel’s life. He wanted all Israel to be excited about the presence and glory of God. Because of what happened to Uzza, David felt he couldn’t do what God wanted him to do. i. David’s response in the following chapter shows that he found the answer to his question. He answered the question with the thought later expressed in Isaiah 8:20: To the law and to the testimony! David found the answer in God’s word. ii. The whole account reinforces the principle that God is interested in the process as well as in the outcome. It would never do for David or Israel to have the attitude, “As long as we get the ark to Jerusalem, it doesn’t matter how we do it.” How they did it really did matter, and how we do things today (especially in serving God) also matters. c. Took it aside into the house of Obed-Edom: David did this in fulfillment of God’s word. Obed-Edom was a Levite of the family of Koath (1 Chronicles 26:4). This was the family within the tribe of Levi that God commanded to transport and take care of the ark (Numbers 4:15). d. And the LORD blessed the house of Obed-Edom and all that he had: When God’s Word was obeyed and His holiness was respected blessing followed. God wanted the ark to be a blessing for Israel, not a curse. We might say that the curse didn’t come from God’s heart but from man’s disobedience. i. Selman believes that the name Obed-Edom the Gittite means that he was from Gath, and the blessing on his house is therefore an example of the undeserved blessing of God, with the Lord displaying His grace to both Obed-Edom and to David. However, it seems better to take the observation of Adam Clarke: “That this man was only a sojourner at Gath, whence he was termed a Gittite, and that he was originally a Levite, is evident from 1 Chronicles 15:17-18.” 1 Chronicles 14 - David’s Throne Is Secured At Jerusalem A. David’s home in Jerusalem. 1. (1-2) The royal palace of David. Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, with masons and carpenters, to build him a house. So David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel, for his kingdom was highly exalted for the sake of His people Israel. a. To build him a house: This shows David’s influence and importance. Neighboring kings honor him with the finest craftsmen and wood to build him a palace. This relationship with Hiram king of Tyre also shows that David was more than a man of war. He knew how to build important political alliances. b. So David knew: David knew two things that made his reign great. Every godly leader should know these two things well. · David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel: David knew that God called him and established him over Israel. · His kingdom was highly exalted for the sake of His people Israel: David knew God wanted to use him as a channel to bless His people. It was not for David’s sake that he was lifted up, but for the sake of His people Israel. 2. (3-7) The sons born to David in Jerusalem. Then David took more wives in Jerusalem, and David begot more sons and daughters. And these are the names of his children whom he had in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Beeliada, and Eliphelet. a. David took more wives: This was in direct disobedience to Deuteronomy 17:17: Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away. 2 Samuel 5:13 tells us that David also took more concubines when he lived in Jerusalem. i. Chronicles makes no mention of David’s sin with Bathsheba, but after the murder of her husband she was one of the more wives that David added to his household in Jerusalem. ii. “That David took ‘more wives’ was a historical fact but a moral failure, directly contrary to the law . . . This sin led to a whole series of disasters later on.” (Payne) b. David begot more sons and daughters: Certainly David (and everyone else) saw these many children as God’s sign of blessing upon David and his many wives. Yet most of the trouble to come in David’s life comes from his relationship with women and from his children. i. It is often true that the seeds to our future trouble are sown in times of great success and prosperity. In some ways, David handled trials better than success. B. Victory over the Philistines. 1. (8-10) David seeks God in battle against the Philistines at the Valley of Rephaim. Now when the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. And David heard of it and went out against them. Then the Philistines went and made a raid on the Valley of Rephaim. And David inquired of God, saying, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You deliver them into my hand?” And the LORD said to him, “Go up, for I will deliver them into your hand.” a. All the Philistines went up to search for David: David’s success brought new challenges from the outside. As God worked mightily in David’s life, the devil also got to work and brought opposition against David. i. “The Valley of Rephaim lay southwest of Jerusalem and formed part of the boundary between Judah and Benjamin (Joshua 15:8). It may correspond to the ‘Valley of Baca’ (Psalm 84:6), due to the balsam trees that were there (1 Chronicles 14:14-15). These are named, literally, ‘weepers’ because of their drops of milky sap.” (Payne) b. David inquired of God: As David sought God and looked to Him for guidance he was blessed. God honored David’s dependence on Him and gave him the promise of victory. 2. (11-12) David defeats the Philistines at Baal Perazim. So they went up to Baal Perazim, and David defeated them there. Then David said, “God has broken through my enemies by my hand like a breakthrough of water.” Therefore they called the name of that place Baal Perazim. And when they left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire. a. God has broken through my enemies: At the battle of Baal Perazim David defeated the Philistines with an overwhelming force, like a breakthrough of water. i. “God’s ‘breakout’ in judgment (1 Chronicles 13:9-12) now becomes a ‘breakout’ in blessing for Israel as well as for Obed-Edom’s household.” (Selman) b. They left their gods there: The Philistines brought their idols to the battle, thinking they would help defeat the Israelites. Because David inquired of God and obeyed God, they burned the Philistine idols. 3. (13-17) David defeats the Philistines again. Then the Philistines once again made a raid on the valley. Therefore David inquired again of God, and God said to him, “You shall not go up after them; circle around them, and come upon them in front of the mulberry trees. And it shall be, when you hear a sound of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees, then you shall go out to battle, for God has gone out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines.” So David did as God commanded him, and they drove back the army of the Philistines from Gibeon as far as Gezer. Then the fame of David went out into all lands, and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations. a. David inquired again of God: After the first victory over the Philistines, David was wise enough to wait on the LORD before the second battle. It is easy for many in the same situation to say, “I’ve fought this battle before. I know how to win. This will be easy.” David always triumphed when he sought and obeyed God. b. You shall not go up after them; circle around them: God directed David differently in this battle. Even against the same enemy, not every battle is the same. i. In his commentary on this account in 2 Samuel 5, Adam Clarke noted the remarkable guidance of God in David’s life and asked a good question. “How is it that such supernatural directions and assistances are not communicated now? Because they are not asked for; and they are not asked for because they are not expected; and they are not expected because men have not faith; and they have not faith because they are under a refined spirit of atheism, and have no spiritual intercourse with their Maker.” (Clarke) c. God has gone out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines: At the battle of this David waited for the LORD to strike the camp of the enemy first. The sign of God’s work was a sound of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees. i. “It was not merely a fitful breeze stealing through the leaves; it was not the going of the wind; but of angel squadrons who were proceeding against the enemies of Israel.” (Meyer) ii. At the signal that the LORD was at work, David and his troops rushed forward to victory. This principle is true in our every-day walk with God. When we sense that the LORD is at work, we must go out to battle (advance quickly, 2 Samuel 5:24) and we will see a great victory won. “We must also, in the spiritual warfare, observe and obey the motions of the Spirit, when he setteth up his standard; for those are the sounds of God’s goings, the footsteps of his anointed.” (Trapp) iii. There is something wonderful about the King James Version translation of this account in 2 Samuel 5:24: when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself. When you hear the work of God happening, bestir thyself – go out to battle. Spurgeon liked to point out that it said bestir thyself - often we think we must stir others up. That often just becomes hype and emotionalism. Instead, stir yourself. iv. When we see the work of God happening around us, it is like the sound in the mulberry trees - the rustling sound should awaken us to prayer and devotion. A time of crisis or tragedy is also like the sound in the mulberry trees - the rustling sound should awaken us to confession and repentance. “Now, what should I do? The first thing I will do is, I will bestir myself. But how shall I do it? Why, I will go home this day, and I will wrestle in prayer more earnestly than I have been wont to do that God will bless the minister, and multiply the church.” (Spurgeon) v. “Oh, believe in the co-operation of the Holy Spirit. Lonely missionary in some distant station of the foreign field, listen for the moving of the tops of the mulberry trees! God is stirring for thy succor.” (Meyer) vi. “The precise species of the balsam trees is uncertain. Other possibilities include the pear-tree (LXX), mulberry (AV), or aspen (REB, NEB).” (Selman) d. So David did as God commanded him: He did this by waiting for evidence of God’s work and then giving himself completely to the battle. The victory that sprang from this obedience made David and Israel respected and feared among neighboring nations. i. “Because he looked to the Lord for his strength and for his strategy, he was able to beat back to Philistine offenses, to secure the independence of God’s people, and to terminate forever the threat of Philistine conquest and oppression.” (Payne) 1 Chronicles 15 - The Ark Is Brought to Jerusalem A. The assembly of the priests and the Levites 1. (1-2) David’s directions for bringing in the Ark. David built houses for himself in the City of David; and he prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched a tent for it. Then David said, “No one may carry the ark of God but the Levites, for the LORD has chosen them to carry the ark of God and to minister before Him forever.” a. David built houses for himself . . . he prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched a tent for it: At this moment of great triumph – bringing the ark into Jerusalem – the Chronicler reminds us that David lived in a house (or several houses) and the ark of the covenant was in a tent. i. Significantly, this tent David prepared for the ark of God was not the tabernacle itself. The tabernacle of Moses was at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39-40). There were several reasons to explain why David did not bring the tabernacle from Gibeon to Jerusalem: · He may have believed if the tabernacle was there the people would be satisfied with that and they would lose the passion and vision for the temple God wanted built. · It may be that the tabernacle was only moved when it was absolutely necessary - as when disaster came upon it at Shiloh or Nob. · David simply focused on building the temple, not continuing the tabernacle b. No one may carry the ark of God but the Levites: This shows that David learned from his past mistake when Uzza was struck dead at the first attempt to bring the ark of the covenant into Jerusalem. 2. (3-10) A list of the priests and Levites who supervised the coming of the ark of the covenant into Jerusalem. And David gathered all Israel together at Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD to its place, which he had prepared for it. Then David assembled the children of Aaron and the Levites: of the sons of Kohath, Uriel the chief, and one hundred and twenty of his brethren; of the sons of Merari, Asaiah the chief, and two hundred and twenty of his brethren; of the sons of Gershom, Joel the chief, and one hundred and thirty of his brethren; of the sons of Elizaphan, Shemaiah the chief, and two hundred of his brethren; of the sons of Hebron, Eliel the chief, and eighty of his brethren; of the sons of Uzziel, Amminadab the chief, and one hundred and twelve of his brethren. a. “A major problem for many readers is the way that the narrative is interrupted by repetitious lists. For example, just at the moment when the ark is raised on to the Levites’ shoulders, apparently unrelated lists of musicians and gatekeepers occur. . . . the lists actually have an important function in anticipating the next section of narrative. The Levites who sanctified themselves are shown to have had a valid ancestry; this was a live issue in post-exilic Israel.” (Selman) 3. (11-15) The ark is brought to Jerusalem in the right way. And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites: for Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel, and Amminadab. He said to them, “You are the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Levites; sanctify yourselves, you and your brethren, that you may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel to the place I have prepared for it. For because you did not do it the first time, the LORD our God broke out against us, because we did not consult Him about the proper order.” So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel. And the children of the Levites bore the ark of God on their shoulders, by its poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the LORD. a. Sanctify yourselves, you and your brethren, that you may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel to the place I have prepared for it: This demonstrates David’s commitment to bringing the ark of the covenant into Jerusalem in the right way. He had learned the lesson that the process also matters to God, not only the result. i. It also demonstrates that David understood that it was not only a matter of doing the right things in the process, but in having sanctified men to carry the ark. Ministry that pleases God is done the right way, by sanctified men, for the right end result. ii. “Sanctification required separation from every form of ‘uncleanness’ (Leviticus 16:19; 2 Samuel 11:4), and in the Old Testament might include temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse (Exodus 19:15), dirty clothing (Exodus 19:14), or contact with corpses (Leviticus 21:1-4), or more permanently for the priests, not marrying a divorcee, prostitute, or even a widow (Leviticus 21:13-15).” (Selman) b. For because you did not do it the first time, the LORD our God broke out against us, because we did not consult Him about the proper order: 1 Chronicles 13:1-4 makes it clear that David consulted with his leaders and with the people in a highly democratic way. What he did not do was consult Him [God] about the proper order. B. The celebration at the bringing in of the ark of the covenant into Jerusalem. 1. (16-24) Names of the musicians at the ceremony. Then David spoke to the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers accompanied by instruments of music, stringed instruments, harps, and cymbals, by raising the voice with resounding joy. So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of their brethren, the sons of Merari, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; and with them their brethren of the second rank: Zechariah, Ben, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Elipheleh, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, the gatekeepers; the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were to sound the cymbals of bronze; Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with strings according to Alamoth; Mattithiah, Elipheleh, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah, to direct with harps on the Sheminith; Chenaniah, leader of the Levites, was instructor in charge of the music, because he was skillful; Berechiah and Elkanah were doorkeepers for the ark; Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, were to blow the trumpets before the ark of God; and Obed-Edom and Jehiah, doorkeepers for the ark. a. David spoke to the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers: King David knew a lot about music and singing, but he did not over-manage this ceremony. He delegated responsibility and allowed the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers. i. Chenaniah: “This appears to have been the master singer; he gave the key and the time, for he presided in the elevation, probably meaning what is called pitching the tune, for he was skilful in music, and powerful in his voice, and well qualified to lead the band: he might have been precentor.” (Clarke) b. By raising the voice with resounding joy: The several musical instruments mentioned were important, but not more important than these joyful voices. The singing was loud and joyful. i. “The phrase ‘according to alamoth’ occurs also in the title to Psalm 46. Since the noun means ‘maidens, virgins,’ such as are mentioned as beating tambourines in ceremonial processions of singers and other musicians (Psalm 68:25), it may indicate music produced in a soprano register.” (Payne) ii. “The phrase ‘according to sheminith’ occurs also in the titles to Psalms 6 and 12. The word is derived from the root for ‘eight’ and is usually thought to indicate music in a lower octave, in contrast to the preceding verse, though it might indicate an instrument that had eight strings.” (Payne) iii. Berechia and Elkanah were doorkeepers for the ark: “They were appointed to keep the door of the tent, in which the ark was to be put and kept, that no unallowed person might press in and touch it; and in like manner they were to attend upon the ark in the way, and to guard it from the press and touch of profane hands.” (Poole) 2. (25-28) The ark comes into Jerusalem. So David, the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from the house of Obed-Edom with joy. And so it was, when God helped the Levites who bore the ark of the covenant of the LORD, that they offered seven bulls and seven rams. David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark, the singers, and Chenaniah the music master with the singers. David also wore a linen ephod. Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the horn, with trumpets and with cymbals, making music with stringed instruments and harps. a. To bring up the ark of the covenant from the house of Obed-Edom to the City of David with joy: David was glad to know that the presence and glory of God could bring blessing instead of a curse. He was also glad to see that when they obeyed God they were blessed. i. When the worship was in the proper order it was still filled with joy and gladness. It is a mistake to feel that “real” worship must be subdued or solemn or only in a minor key. b. God helped the Levites who bore the ark: It wasn’t so much that the ark of the covenant was so heavy that they needed God’s help to carry it. Rather, there was considerable pressure and stress in bearing a burden that had recently resulted in a sudden death. They needed God’s help to deal with the spiritual pressure of this ministry. c. The offered seven bulls and seven rams: David was careful to not neglect the institution of sacrifice in this second attempt to bring the ark of the covenant into Jerusalem. i. 2 Samuel 6:13 says that they sacrificed every six steps in the procession, “Because Uzzah perished when he had gone but six paces, say some. Every man that seeth another stricken, and himself spared, is to offer sacrifices, yea, to keep a passover for himself.” (Trapp) d. David also wore a linen ephod: It is a mistake to think that David was immodest. As were all the Levites indicates that David was dressed just like all the other priests and Levites in this procession. e. Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting: This shows that David brought the ark to Jerusalem with a big production - bigger than the first attempt. David was wise enough to know that the problem with the first attempt wasn’t that it was a big production, but that it was a big production that came from man and not from God. i. This is essentially the same account recorded in 2 Samuel 6, except in 2 Samuel the leadership of David is emphasized, and in 1 Chronicles 15 the participation and support of all Israel is emphasized. Both accounts are correct; David was the leader, but it wasn’t a one-man show; all Israel brought up the ark. ii. “The primary change is that the homecoming of the ark . . . has become a corporate act of all Israel rather than an expression of David’s personal faith.” (Selman) 3. (29) David’s wife Michal despises David. And it happened, as the ark of the covenant of the LORD came to the City of David, that Michal, Saul’s daughter, looked through a window and saw King David whirling and playing music; and she despised him in her heart. a. Michal, Saul’s daughter, looked through a window and saw King David whirling and playing music: David didn’t hold back anything in his own expression of worship. He didn’t dance out of obligation but out of heartfelt worship. He was glad to bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD into Jerusalem according to God’s word. i. This expression of David’s heart showed that he had a genuine emotional link to God. There are two great errors in this area - the error of making emotions the center of our Christian life and the error of an emotionally detached Christian life. In the Christian life emotions must not be manipulated and they must not be repressed. ii. From our knowledge of ancient and modern culture we can surmise that David’s dance wasn’t a solo performance. The context clearly puts him together with the other priests and Levits, and he probably danced with simple rhythmic steps together with other men in the way one might see Orthodox Jewish men today dance. In this context, David’s linen ephod means he set aside his royal robes and dressed just like everyone else in the procession. iii. It should also be observed that David’s dancing was appropriate in the context. This was a parade with a marching band, a grand procession. David’s dancing fit right in. If David did this as the nation gathered on the Day of Atonement it would be out of context and wrong. b. And she despised him in her heart: 2 Samuel 6:20-23 tell us more of Michal’s complaint and of David’s response to her. He sarcastically said to him, How glorious was the king of Israel today, uncovering himself today. Michal seemed to indicate that she didn’t object to David’s dancing, but to what David wore when he set aside his royal robes and danced as a man just like the other men celebrating in the procession. David acted as if he were just another worshipper in Israel, and this offended Michal. i. In response, David told Michal that his actions were before the LORD; that is, he simply explained the truth: “I did it for God, not for you.” He went on to explain to her, and will be humble in my own sight. What David did was humbling to him. He didn’t dance to show others how spiritual he was. ii. “The incident illustrates the perpetual inability of the earthly minded to appreciate the gladness of the spiritual.” (Morgan) 1 Chronicles 16 - David’s Psalm of Thanks A. The ark is brought into the prepared tent. 1. (1-3) David gives the assembly a feast. So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tabernacle that David had erected for it. Then they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. Then he distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins. a. They brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tabernacle: After many years - since the ark was lost in battle - the ark is returned to the center of Israel’s national consciousness. The emblem of God’s presence and glory was set at its proper place in Israel. b. When David had finished offering burnt offerings and peace offerings: The burnt offerings spoke of consecration. The peace offerings spoke of fellowship. This was a day of great consecration and fellowship with God. It was also a great barbeque and meal for all the people. i. These sacrifices were an important part of the ceremony, neglected in the first attempt to bring the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. “These pointed them to Christ, freeing them from their sins, both from the crime and from the curse; these taught them thankfulness for Christ, and all benefits in and by him.” (Trapp) ii. “The second item of food (known only here and in 2 Samuel 6:19) was either a cake of dates or a ‘portion of meat’ (REB, NEB, NSRV; cf. GNB, AV) – if the latter is correct, it was an especially generous act since meat rarely appeared on domestic menus in ancient Israel.” (Selman) iii. “Most flesh from the peace offerings was eaten by the people themselves, sitting down, as it were, as guests of God’s table, in a meal celebrating the restoration of their peace with him.” (Payne) 2. (4-6) Worship leaders are appointed to lead the congregation. And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the LORD God of Israel: Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God. a. And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark: At the end of this spectacular day of celebration, David established an enduring institution of worship and commemoration at the ark of the covenant. It wasn’t to be a one-day high, but an ongoing ministry unto God. i. “David’s appointment then of Levites to minister in music and praise to God marks a significant advance in the history of Israel’s worship. His previous arrangements for music had been devised for just one occasion; but now a continuing service is envisioned.” (Payne) b. He appointed some of the Levites . . . to commemorate: In the Levitical appointments for that day and beyond, David selected some Levites to focus on commemorating what great things God had done. Simply remembering God’s great works is an important and often neglected part of the Christian life. Spurgeon (in his sermon The Recorders) noted several ways that we can help ourselves remember the great things of God: · Make an actual record of what God has done, keeping a written journal. · Be sure to praise God thoroughly at the time you receive His goodness. · Set apart time for meditation on the good things God has done. · Talk about His mercy often to other people. · Use everything around you as reminders to the goodness of God. c. Asaph the chief: This indicates that David though the Levites had appointed Heman as the leader of worship (1 Chronicles 15:17), at this time David elevated Asaph to this position. i. “No reason is given, though Asaph did represent the senior Levitcal clan of Gershon (1 Chronicles 6:39-43). Personal ability may also have been a contributing factor, for Asaph and his descendants are listed as composers for twelve of the inspired Old Testament psalms.” (Payne) B. David’s song of thanksgiving. 1. (7) The psalm written for the special occasion. On that day David first delivered this psalm into the hand of Asaph and his brethren, to thank the LORD: a. David first delivered this psalm: David was known as sweet psalmist of Israel (2 Samuel 23:1), and he specially wrote the following psalm to thank the LORD on the day the ark of the covenant was brough to Jerusalem. i. “The Psalm is found in the Book of Psalms; its first movement (8-22) in Psalm 105:1-15; its second movement (23-33) in Psalm 96:1b-13a; its third movement (34-36) consisting of a quotation of the opening and closing sentences of Psalm 106:1-47 and 48.” (Morgan) ii. “All three of the canonical psalms that he quoted are anonymous, ‘orphan psalms’ (without title) in the Old Testament Psalter; but on the basis of the king’s use of them here, they should indeed be classed as his.” (Payne) 2. (8-13) The call to praise. Oh, give thanks to the LORD! Call upon His name; Make known His deeds among the peoples! Sing to Him, sing psalms to Him; Talk of all His wondrous works! Glory in His holy name; Let the hearts of those rejoice who seek the LORD! Seek the LORD and His strength; Seek His face evermore! Remember His marvelous works which He has done, His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth, O seed of Israel His servant, You children of Jacob, His chosen ones! a. Oh, give thanks to the LORD! Like many psalms, this one begins with a call to praise, viritually in the form of a commandment. Yet the psalm breathes with too much excitement for this to be a true command; it is an exhortation to the community of God’s people to join in praise to their God. i. “All the good that we enjoy comes from God. Recollect that! Alas, most men forget it. Rowland Hill used to say that worldlings were like the hogs under the oak, which eat the acorns, but never think of the oak from which they fell, nor lift up their heads to grunt out a thanksgiving. Yes, so it is. They munch the gift and murmur at the giver.” (Spurgeon) b. Give thanks . . . call upon . . . make known . . . sing . . . talk . . . glory . . . seek . . . remember: In a few verses, David lists a remarkable number of ways (at least eight) one can praise and glorify God. Some of them speak directly to God (such as sing psalms to Him), some speak to others about God’s greatness (make know His deeds among the peoples), and some are a conversation with one’s self (remember His marvelous works). i. Meyer on talk of all His wondrous works: “We do not talk sufficiently about God. Why it is so may not be easy to explain; but there seems to be too great reticence among Christian people about the best things. . . . We talk about sermons, details of worship and church organization, or the latest phase of Scripture criticism; we discuss men, methods, and churches; but our talk in the home, and in the gatherings of Christians for social purposes, is too seldom about the wonderful works of God. Better to speak less, and to talk more of Him.” ii. “If we talked more of God’s wondrous works, we should be free from talking of other people’s works. It is easy to criticise those we could not rival, and carp at those we could not emulate. He who could not carve a statue, or make a single stroke of the chisel correctly, affects to point out where the handicraft of the greatest sculptor might have been improved. It is a poor, pitiful occupation, that of picking holes in other people’s coats, and yet some people seem so pleased when they can perceive a fault, that they roll it under their tongue as a sweet morsel.” (Spurgeon) iii. “There is no gifted tongue requisite, there are no powers of eloquence invoked; neither laws of rhetoric nor rules of grammar are pronounced indispensable in the simple talk that my text inculcates, ‘Talk ye of all his wondrous works.’ I beg your pardon when you say you cannot do this. You cannot because you will not.” (Spurgeon) c. O seed of Israel . . . His chosen ones: This call to praise is directed to the people of God. As will be noted later in the psalm, all creation has a responsibility to praise its Creator; but this is the special responsibility of God’s people. 3. (14-19) Remembering God’s covenant with His people. He is the LORD our God; His judgments are in all the earth. Remember His covenant forever, The word which He commanded, for a thousand generations, The covenant which He made with Abraham, And His oath to Isaac, And confirmed it to Jacob for a statute, To Israel for an everlasting covenant, Saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan As the allotment of your inheritance,” When you were few in number, Indeed very few, and strangers in it. a. His judgments are in all the earth: David will soon begin to sing about the special relationship between the LORD and His covenant people. Yet he prefaced those ideas with the thought that God is the Lord of all the earth. His authority is not limited to His covenant people. b. Remember His covenant forever: God wanted His people to never forget the covenant He made with them. God’s dealing with man through history has been based on the idea of covenant. · God made a covenant with Abraham regarding a land, a nation, and a particular messianic blessing (Genesis 12:1-3). · God made a covenant with Israel as a nation, regarding a law, sacrifice, and choice of blessing or cursing (Exodus 19:5-8). · God made a covenant with David regarding the specific lineage of the Messiah (2 Samuel 7). · God made a covenant with all who would believe on His Son, the New Covenant through Jesus Christ (Luke 22:20). i. It was entirely appropriate that this psalm focuses on the idea of His covenant, because it was written for the arrival of the ark of the covenant into the place David prepared for it in Jerusalem. ii. “In the restoration of the Ark after a period of neglect, the people found a sure token of that mercy.” (Morgan) c. To you I will give the land of Canaan: David here highlighted the promise of land that God made to Abraham as part of His covenant with the patriarch (Genesis 12:1 and 13:14-17). The land belonged to the descendents of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob through this covenant. i. In this we see that this portion of the psalm is largely meant for teaching. This stanza was not primarily intended as a declaration of praise to God, but as informing the worship of God’s people. 4. (20-22) God’s protection upon His people. When they went from one nation to another, And from one kingdom to another people, He permitted no man to do them wrong; Yes, He rebuked kings for their sakes, Saying, “Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm.” a. When they went from one nation to another: In the story of the arrival of the ark of the covenant recorded in 2 Samuel, this psalm of David is not included. Here we see why the Chronicler – writing shortly after the Babylonian exile – was anxious to include it. This line of David’s psalm praises God for His providential protection of His people when they were out of the Promised Land. b. He permitted no man to do them wrong: One might say that this was inaccurate – after all, the oppressive Pharaohs seemed to do much wrong to Israel. Yet, in the longer view of seeing God’s good work even through such painful times, David can truthfully say “He permitted no man to do them wrong.” c. Do not touch My anointed ones, and do My prophets no harm: This seems to refer to God’s people as a whole instead of particular anointed individuals or individual prophets. 5. (23-30) The command to praise the LORD. Sing to the LORD, all the earth; Proclaim the good news of His salvation from day to day. Declare His glory among the nations, His wonders among all peoples. For the LORD is great and greatly to be praised; He is also to be feared above all gods. For all the gods of the peoples are idols, But the LORD made the heavens. Honor and majesty are before Him; Strength and gladness are in His place. Give to the LORD, O families of the peoples, Give to the LORD glory and strength. Give to the LORD the glory due His name; Bring an offering, and come before Him. Oh, worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness! Tremble before Him, all the earth. The world also is firmly established, It shall not be moved. a. Sing to the LORD, all the earth: God’s covenant people have a special responsibility to praise Him, but all the earth should also proclaim the good news of His salvation day to day. i. It is only good news when it is His salvation. My salvation isn’t enough to save me. I need His salvation to save me. This is something worth proclaiming. ii. “There is not one of us but has cause for song, and certainly not one saint but ought specially to praise the name of the Lord.” (Spurgeon) b. Declare His glory among the nations: David is back to a particular address to the people of God, imploring them to tell everyone of the greatness of God, and His superiority above all gods. i. The reason for His superiority is simple: all the gods of the peoples are idols, but the LORD made the heavens. The covenant God of Israel is real and is the Creator of all things, in contrast to the mere statues of the nations. c. Give to the LORD glory and strength: This is not in the sense of giving something to God that He does not already have. It is in the sense of crediting to God what He actually does possess, but what man is often blind to. d. Worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness! God’s holiness – His “set-apart-ness” – has a wonderful and distinct beauty about it. It is beautiful that God is God and not man; that He is more than the greatest man or a super-man. His holy love, grace, justice, and majesty are beautiful. 6. (31-33) Creation praises God. Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; And let them say among the nations, “The LORD reigns.” Let the sea roar, and all its fullness; Let the field rejoice, and all that is in it. Then the trees of the woods shall rejoice before the LORD, For He is coming to judge the earth. a. Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad: David knew that creation itself praised God. He knew that the beauty and power and skill and majesty of creation was itself a testimony of praise to its Creator. b. Let them say among the nations: Israel had the word of God to tell them of God’s reign and His coming judgment. The nations have the testimony of creation to tell them

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16. Genesis 32-36 (Jacob Prepares to Meet Esau, Jacob and Esau Meet, & Shechem Massacre)

Genesis 32-36 (Jacob Prepares to Meet Esau, Jacob and Esau Meet, & Shechem Massacre)

Genesis 32 - Jacob Prepares to Meet Esau A. Jacob hears of Esau’s approach. 1. (1-2) Jacob meets the angels of God at Mahanaim. He realizes God is with him and he has angelic protection. So Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. When Jacob saw them, he said, “This is God’s camp.” And he called the name of that place Mahanaim. a. The angels of God met him: We don't exactly know what this means. In some way, angelic being that are normally unseen were now made visible to Jacob, and he interacted with them. Perhaps God wanted Jacob to know how great His care was for him and his family. i. This wonderful revelation of God’s presence and care came after Jacob finally separated from Laban, the worldly man. Separation from the world brings greater insight to the believer. b. This is God’s camp: Literally, Jacob observed he was in a double camp. He was not alone; God had a camp of angels with him at Mahanaim. i. It was not as if God’s angels just joined Jacob. They were with him the entire time. Now Jacob could see God’s angels with him and it provided great encouragement. ii. Angels, though “higher” beings than us, are ordained by God to be our servants (Hebrews 1:14) and they minister to us even as they ministered to Jesus (Matthew 4:11). In 2 Kings 6:15-17 Elisha’s servant had his eyes opened to see the tremendous angelic host surrounding them. iii. John Paton, a missionary to the New Hebrides Islands, told of how one night hostile natives surrounded his missions headquarters, intent on burning the Patons out and killing them. He and his wife prayed through the entire night, and when daylight finally came, their attackers all left. A year later, the chief of the tribe became a Christian, and Paton asked the man about that night. The chief replied, “Who were all those men you had with you there?” The missionary explained only he and his wife were there. The chief insisted he had seen hundreds of big men with shining garments and swords circling the mission headquarters, so the natives were afraid to attack (Billy Graham in Angels, God’s Secret Agents, page 3). That night in the New Hebrides Islands, there certainly was a “double camp.” 2. (3-6) Jacob’s message to Esau. Then Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. And he commanded them, saying, “Speak thus to my lord Esau, ‘Thus your servant Jacob says: “I have dwelt with Laban and stayed there until now. I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find favor in your sight.”’” Then the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and he also is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.” a. Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother: Jacob, seeking to reconcile with his brother (who 20 years before swore to kill him), first began by humbling himself and sending the message, “your servant Jacob.” b. I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, and male and female servants: Jacob wasn’t boasting. He wanted Esau to know that he was a man of wealth and that he did not come to take anything from Esau. Jacob tried to anticipate Esau’s thinking and answer Esau’s concerns. c. He also is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him: When the messengers return, Jacob heard news that gave him great concern - Esau was coming to meet him with 400 men. Because Jacob could not bring himself to think the best of Esau (for understandable reasons), he was convinced the 400 men were an army intending to destroy him and his family. 3. (7-8) Jacob’s fear and carnal preparation. So Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies. And he said, “If Esau comes to the one company and attacks it, then the other company which is left will escape.” a. Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: When Laban confronted Jacob with a hostile militia Jacob boldly stood up to him and spoke his mind (Genesis 31:36-42). But with Esau, Jacob was afraid to meet him. This was because Jacob knew he was in the right with Laban, but he knew he was in the wrong with Esau. i. Shakespeare was right when he wrote, “Conscience does make cowards of us all” (Hamlet, Act 3 Scene 1). As Jacob had no strength before Esau because of guilt, so many Christians today are also hindered by their past. b. Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: Before Jacob left home, after his brother swore to kill him, Rebekah told Jacob until your brother’s anger turns away from you, and he forgets what you have done to him; then I will send and bring you from there (Genesis 27:45). Rebekah never sent for Jacob; therefore he had every reason to believe that Esau was still angry with him 20 years later. i. But Jacob also had every reason to believe God would protect him. He seems to have forgotten God had a special camp of angels there to protect him. His great fear and distress is not appropriate for someone who is protected by God. ii. Jacob should have said, “I don’t know if Esau is coming to me in peace or in war. I hope for peace, but if it is war, I trust God will protect me.” c. He divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies: In splitting his company, Jacob used man’s wisdom to prepare for Esau’s coming. He should have trusted God could protect all he had. Jacob forgot about God’s two camps (Genesis 32:2) and was tried to make his own two camps. 4. (9-12) Jacob’s prayer. Then Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your family, and I will deal well with you’: I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies and of all the truth which You have shown Your servant; for I crossed over this Jordan with my staff, and now I have become two companies. Deliver me, I pray, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and attack me and the mother with the children. For You said, ‘I will surely treat you well, and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.’ “ a. Then Jacob said: After first reacting in fear and unbelief, Jacob did the right thing. He went to the Lord and prayed a good prayer, humble, full of faith, thanksgiving, and God’s Word. b. The Lord who said to me, “Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will deal well with you”: Jacob’s prayer had God’s word (what God said in Genesis 31:3). He also quoted God’s promises “I will surely treat you well” (remembering God words in Genesis 28:13-15). i. Many of our prayers fall short because there is none of God’s Word within them. Often there is none of God’s Word in them because there is little of God’s Word in us. Jacob remembered what the Lord had said to him. c. I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies: His prayer had thanksgiving. Jacob understood he was not worthy of what God did for him or what he was asking God to do, but he relied on what God promised and not upon his own worthiness. d. Deliver me, I pray: His prayer had faith. He boldly asked God to do something, and gave humble grounds for why the Lord should fulfill His word. i. George Mueller, a great man of faith and prayer, was once asked what was the most important part of prayer. He replied: “The 15 minutes after I have said, ‘Amen.’” No matter how great Jacob’s prayer was, his faith will be seen in what he does after his prayer. 5. (13-21) Jacob sends many gifts to Esau. So he lodged there that same night, and took what came to his hand as a present for Esau his brother: two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, thirty milk camels with their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten foals. Then he delivered them to the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass over before me, and put some distance between successive droves.” And he commanded the first one, saying, “When Esau my brother meets you and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going? Whose are these in front of you?’ then you shall say, ‘They are your servant Jacob’s. It is a present sent to my lord Esau; and behold, he also is behind us.’ “ So he commanded the second, the third, and all who followed the droves, saying, “In this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him; and also say, ‘Behold, your servant Jacob is behind us.’ “ For he said, “I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.” So the present went on over before him, but he himself lodged that night in the camp. a. Took what came to his hand as a present for Esau his brother: Jacob sent such an impressive gift because he wanted to make it completely clear to Esau that he did not need or want anything from him. It also could have been an attempt to buy his brother’s good favor. b. I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me: In all likelihood, Jacob is a perfect example of the principle “when all else fails, pray.” As soon as he finished praying, he took up us own strategies again. i. After all, if Jacob really trusted God, he would be at the head of the procession to meet Esau, not the tail. ii. Jacob hoped, “perhaps he will accept me,” but in Jacob’s mind, perhaps not. Jacob also thought, “Perhaps he will kill me just like he said he would.” c. So the present went on over before him: This gift is a good example of the way we trust in our ability to do things and make things happen apart from trusting God. We like to sing the song: All to Jesus, I surrender, all to Him I freely give; I will ever love and trust Him, in His presence daily live. I surrender all, I surrender all, All to Thee, my blessed Savior, I surrender all. i. But we, so often like Jacob, mean, “I surrender all the goats. If that isn’t enough, I surrender all the sheep. If that isn’t enough, I surrender all the camels…” To this point, what Jacob refused to do was to surrender himself. B. Jacob wrestles with God. 1. (22-23) Jacob sends all his possessions over the river. And he arose that night and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons, and crossed over the ford of Jabbok. He took them, sent them over the brook, and sent over what he had. a. He took them, sent them over the brook: This was a demonstration of his faith, because Jacob left himself no retreat. If Esau wanted to attack his group, they would quickly be backed up against the river. b. Sent over what he had: Jacob spent the night alone. This was his last night on the east side of the Jordan, and he probably spent the night in prayer. i. God had to get Jacob alone before He dealt with him. While all the activity of the huge entourage surrounded Jacob, he could busy himself with a thousand different tasks. Once he was alone, God commanded his attention. ii. Think of all Jacob had to pray about: thanking God, remembering all that the Lord did for him, wondering how God would fulfill His work in him. This was a significant turning point in Jacob’s life and he knew it. 2. (24-25) A Man wrestles with Jacob. Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. a. A Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day: Jacob didn’t wrestle with the Man. Instead, a Man wrestled with him. Jacob didn’t start out wanting anything from God; God wanted something from him. God wanted all of Jacob’s proud self-reliance and fleshly scheming and came to take it, by force if necessary. b. A Man wrestled with him: As the following verses show, this was no mere man. This is another special appearance of Jesus in the Old Testament before His incarnation in Bethlehem. This was God in human form. c. Until the breaking of the day: We can only imagine what this scene looked like. Perhaps sometimes it looked like a barroom fight, and perhaps at other times it looked like an intense wrestling match. i. “How did Jacob ever manage to keep up his struggle throughout the entire night? I do not know. But I do know that his determination to hang in there was no greater than our frequent determination to have our own way and eventually win out over God.” (Boice) d. He saw that He did not prevail against him: As the fight progressed, it seemed Jacob was pretty evenly matched against the Man. But the match was only even in appearance. The Man could have won easily at any time, using supernatural power. i. Sometimes we feel man really can contend with God. A man or woman in rebellion against God might seem to do pretty well. The match seems even in appearance only. God can turn the tide at any moment, and is allows the match to go own for His own purposes. ii. It isn’t hard to imagine Jacob working so hard and feeling he is getting the best of his opponent, until finally the Man changed the struggle in a moment. Jacob must have felt very defeated. 3. (26) Jacob’s plea to the Man. And He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.” But he said, “I will not let You go unless You bless me!” a. Let Me go, for the day breaks: The Man let Jacob know this would not last much longer. Even though Jacob clung to him desperately, Jacob had lost. A better, greater Man defeated Jacob. i. This is an invaluable place for everyone to come to: where God conquers us. There is something to be said for every man doing his wrestling with God, and then acknowledging God’s greatness after having been defeated. We must know we serve a God who is greater than us, and we cannot conquer much of anything until He conquers us. b. I will not let You go unless You bless me: This wasn’t Jacob dictating terms to God as he did on previous occasions. God overcame Jacob here, and we know from Hosea 12:3-5 that Jacob sought this blessing with weeping. He knew he was defeated, yet desperately wanted a blessing from this Greater One. i. He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and in his strength he struggled with God. Yes, he struggled with the Angel and prevailed; he wept, and sought favor from Him. He found Him in Bethel, and there He spoke to us; that is, the Lord God of hosts. The Lord is His memorable name. (Hosea 12:3-5) c. Unless You bless me: According to his past, Jacob was always clever and sneaky enough so he never felt the need to trust in God alone. Now he could only rely on the blessing of God. i. Jacob was reduced to the place where all he could do was to hold on to the Lord with everything he had. Jacob could not fight anymore, but he could hold on. That is not a bad place to be. ii. Here, God is answered Jacob’s prayer in Genesis 32:9-12. Yet before Jacob could be delivered from the hand of his brother, he had to be delivered from his own self-will and self-reliance. iii. Jacob thought the real enemy was outside of him, being Esau. The real enemy was his own carnal, fleshly nature, which had not been conquered by God. 4. (27-29) Jacob’s name is changed, and he is a blessed man. So He said to him, “What is your name?” He said, “Jacob.” And He said, “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed.” Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.” And He said, “Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He blessed him there. a. What is your name? Jacob must have felt a sense of shame, admitting his name was Jacob, with all its associations of deception and cheating. Yet, this was who he was, and Jacob had to admit to it. i. We all want to name ourselves favorably. We say, “I am firm; you are obstinate; they are stubborn fools.” God wouldn’t allow Jacob to cover up his name, because in his case it reflected his true nature. b. Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel: The name Israel is a compound of two words: sarah (meaning, fight, struggle, or rule) and el (meaning, God). Some take the name Israel to mean, He who struggles with God or He who rules with God. But in Hebrew names, sometimes God is not the object of the verb but the subject. Daniel means God judges not he judges God. This principle shows us Israel likely means, God rules. i. From this point on, he will be called Jacob twice as often as he is called Israel. Apparently, there was still plenty of the old man left in Jacob. c. For you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed: Jacob prevailed in the sense that he endured through his struggle until God thoroughly conquered him. When you battle with God, you only win by losing and by not giving up until you know you have lost. This is how Jacob prevailed. d. Why is it that you ask about My name? The Man probably refused to tell Jacob His name because He figured Jacob should already know it, and it turned out that Jacob did know exactly who this was. e. And He blessed him there: Surely, this was the blessing of being defeated by God. It was the blessing of the passing of the old (Jacob) life, and the coming of a new (Israel) life. It may also have had to do with the great idea of the blessing of Abraham, and meeting Jacob’s immediate needs for security in the midst of fear. Whatever Jacob needed, God’s blessing provided at the moment. 5. (30-32) Two memorials of this event. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: “For I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” Just as he crossed over Penuel the sun rose on him, and he limped on his hip. Therefore to this day the children of Israel do not eat the muscle that shrank, which is on the hip socket, because He touched the socket of Jacob’s hip in the muscle that shrank. a. Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: The first memorial was a name. Jacob named the place Peniel (Face of God), because he did know the name of the Man who wrestled with him. He was the same One who wrestled with Jacob all his life. i. Jacob also understood it was only by God’s grace and mercy he escaped from this episode with his life. No man should be allowed to wrestle with God and live, but God was gracious. b. He limped on his hip: The second memorial was a perpetual limp. Jacob would remember his being conquered by God with every step he took for the rest of his life. This was a small price to pay for such a great gift. Genesis 33 - The Meeting of Jacob and Esau A. Esau’s warm welcome. 1. (1-2) Jacob’s careful preparations. Now Jacob lifted his eyes and looked, and there, Esau was coming, and with him were four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two maidservants. And he put the maidservants and their children in front, Leah and her children behind, and Rachel and Joseph last. a. He divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two maidservants: These preparations were not necessarily examples of merely human wisdom and strength. Yet the order of the groups shows that Jacob openly favored Rachel and her son Joseph. b. He put the maidservants and their children in front: At least Leah was more protected than the two maidservants Bilhah and Zilpah were. 2. (3) Jacob demonstrates his submission. Then he crossed over before them and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. a. He crossed over before them: After being conquered by God, Jacob now led the procession to meet Esau. This displays some change of character. b. Bowed himself to the ground: Jacob already sent over gifts and showed he didn’t want to take anything materially from Esau. Then, by bowing down, he showed he was submitted to his brother and wanted no social power over him. i. If Jacob had not superstitiously tried to steal the blessing 20 years before, all this would. Isaac’s promise to Jacob, Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be master over your brethren (Genesis 27:29) would be more immediately fulfilled. ii. It’s still common to suffer some problem because we try to accomplish what we think to be God’s will or to protect our interest in merely human energy and wisdom. God never needs us to sin to help Him fulfill His plan in our life. 3. (4-7) Esau warmly greets Jacob and his family. But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. And he lifted his eyes and saw the women and children, and said, “Who are these with you?” So he said, “The children whom God has graciously given your servant.” Then the maidservants came near, they and their children, and bowed down. And Leah also came near with her children, and they bowed down. Afterward Joseph and Rachel came near, and they bowed down. a. Esau ran to meet him: This probably terrified Jacob. Surely, he thought his life would soon end. Instead, God had worked in Esau, and he only wanted to bless Jacob. b. Fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept: Esau and Jacob did not feel a need to discuss and resolve the past. God worked in both their hearts and there was no need to dredge it all up again. What was past was past. 4. (8-11) Esau receives Jacob’s gifts: and he took it. Then Esau said, “What do you mean by all this company which I met?” And he said, “These are to find favor in the sight of my lord.” But Esau said, “I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.” And Jacob said, “No, please, if I have now found favor in your sight, then receive my present from my hand, inasmuch as I have seen your face as though I had seen the face of God, and you were pleased with me. Please, take my blessing that is brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough.” So he urged him, and he took it. b. I have enough…I have enough: Both Esau and Jacob have a blessed testimony: I have enough. Godliness with contentment is great gain (1 Timothy 6:6). Esau’s peace and contentment showed him to be a remarkably blessed man, though he did not receive the promise of the Abrahamic covenant as he had hoped. b. So he urged him, and he took it: This was as important to the reconciliation as Jacob’s giving the gifts. When Jacob gave such generous gifts, it was his way of saying to Esau he was sorry and when Esau accepted the gifts, it was his way of accepting Jacob and saying he was forgiven. i. In that culture, one never accepted a gift from an enemy, only from a friend. To accept the gift was to accept the friendship. B. Jacob’s travels in the Promised Land. 1. (12-17) Jacob and Esau part their ways; Jacob goes to Succoth. Then Esau said, “Let us take our journey; let us go, and I will go before you.” But Jacob said to him, “My lord knows that the children are weak, and the flocks and herds which are nursing are with me. And if the men should drive them hard one day, all the flock will die. Please let my lord go on ahead before his servant. I will lead on slowly at a pace which the livestock that go before me, and the children, are able to endure, until I come to my lord in Seir.” And Esau said, “Now let me leave with you some of the people who are with me.” But he said, “What need is there? Let me find favor in the sight of my lord.” So Esau returned that day on his way to Seir. And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, built himself a house, and made booths for his livestock. Therefore the name of the place is called Succoth. a. Please let my lord go on ahead before his servant: Jacob was glad to be reconciled with his brother, but didn’t want to be too close to him. He was still afraid of Esau. b. Jacob journeyed to Succoth: Unfortunately, Jacob still acted like old Jacob instead of like new Israel, because he said he would go far to the south with Esau to the area of Mount Seir. Instead, he allowed Esau to go a few days beyond him and then headed north towards Succoth. i. It’s hard to try to be Jacob and Israel at the same time. We could have called him Jak-iel or Israe-ob. 2. (18-20) Jacob comes to Shechem. Then Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan Aram; and he pitched his tent before the city. And he bought the parcel of land, where he had pitched his tent, from the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for one hundred pieces of money. Then he erected an altar there and called it El Elohe Israel. a. And he pitched his tent before the city: It is good Jacob came to the Promised Land, and he settled there. But he came short of full obedience, because it seems God directed him to return to Bethel (Genesis 31:13). b. Then he erected an altar there and called it El Elohe Israel: The altar was good, but complete obedience was better. God wants obedience first, then sacrifice. Jacob and his family will suffer in this wasted, disobedience period of time. Genesis 34 - Simeon and Levi Massacre Shechem A. The rape of Dinah. 1. (1-4) A local prince violates Dinah and then wants to marry her. Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her and lay with her, and violated her. His soul was strongly attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the young woman and spoke kindly to the young woman. So Shechem spoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this young woman as a wife.” a. Now Dinah the daughter of Leah: This chapter contains one of the most shameful incidents in Israel’s history. When the Bible shows its leaders and heroes in such terrible, plain truth, we can know for sure that it is a book from God. Men don’t normally write about themselves and their ancestors like this. i. Leupold’s preaching suggestions on the chapter give us an idea of this: “We may well wonder if any man who had proper discernment ever drew a text from this chapter…It is rightly evaluated by the more mature mind and could be treated to advantage before a men’s Bible class. But we cannot venture to offer homiletical suggestions for its treatment.” b. Went out to see the daughters of the land: Remember, Jacob brought his family to a place God didn’t really want them to be. It seems God directed him to return to Bethel (Genesis 31:13), and his time spent in the city of Shechem did much harm to his family. i. Jacob chose a place to live for all the wrong reasons. He wanted to be close to the city (Genesis 33:18), though the city was ungodly. God called him to Bethel. Jacob’s poor choice of a place to live left his family open to ungodly influence. c. Went out to see the daughters of the land: Dinah’s desire to do this understandable but unwise. Jacob did not make sure she was properly supervised. To allow unsupervised socialization in a pagan town was a failure of responsibility on the part of Jacob and Leah. i. “Unattached young women were considered fair game in cities of the time, in which promiscuity was not only common but, in fact, a part of the very religious system itself.” (Morris) ii. “This occurrence serves to illustrate the low standard of morals prevalent among the Canaanites. Any unattended female could be raped, and in the transactions that ensue neither father nor son feel the need of apologizing for or excusing what had been committed.” (Leupold) iii. But try telling this to a teenager like Dinah! Teenagers often want it all, and they want it now. It is almost impossible for them to see the benefits of waiting for certain things until they are more mature. iv. A way this difficulty has been measured has been called the marshmallow test. A researcher gives this choice to a four-year-old: “I am leaving for a few minutes to run an errand, and you can have this marshmallow while I am gone, but if you wait until I return, you can have two marshmallows.” Researchers at Stanford did this test in the 1960’s, and a dozen years later they found the kids who grabbed the single marshmallow tended to be more troubled as adolescents. The one-marshmallow kids also scored an average of 210 points less on SAT tests. Learning to delay gratification is important! d. Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her and lay with her: Jacob’s lack of attention and protection was partially at fault in this tragedy. His own compromise made him less able to stand up to his own children and guide them as he should. i. Jacob’s children knew he told his brother Esau he would go south with him, but Jacob went north instead. They picked up on this and other areas of compromise and used them to justify their own compromise. e. He took her and lay with her, and violated her: As for the young man named Shechem, his soul was strongly attracted to Dinah and he even spoke kindly to her. Yet we cannot say he loved her, because he violated her. i. It was a soulish love Shechem had for Dinah, not a spiritual or godly love. He loved her for what she could be and give to him, not for what he could be and give to her. His heart is shown in the words get me this young woman as a wife. It was a soulish “get me” kind of love. ii. It is possible for a man to be attracted to a woman and to show kindness to her for reasons having nothing or little to do with love. In their desire to connect romantically with a man, women often forget this. 2. (5-7) Jacob’s lack of outrage; the anger of Simeon and Levi. And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter. Now his sons were with his livestock in the field; so Jacob held his peace until they came. Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him. And the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved and very angry, because he had done a disgraceful thing in Israel by lying with Jacob’s daughter, a thing which ought not to be done. a. Jacob held his peace until they came: Jacob shows a distinct lack of outrage here. He seemed to take the defilement of his only daughter easily. His refusal to do what is right in regard to his family will encourage two of his sons to do something, something ungodly in response. i. When God-appointed heads do not take appropriate leadership, it creates a void, which is often filled sinfully. b. The sons of Jacob ... and the men were grieved and very angry: In this culture, the brothers had a greater responsibility to protect their sister than the father. They will “protect” Dinah’s honor in unwise and sinful ways. 3. (8-12) Hamor and Shechem seek to arrange the marriage of Dinah. But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter. Please give her to him as a wife. And make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters to yourselves. So you shall dwell with us, and the land shall be before you. Dwell and trade in it, and acquire possessions for yourselves in it.” Then Shechem said to her father and her brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give. Ask me ever so much dowry and gift, and I will give according to what you say to me; but give me the young woman as a wife.” a. Make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters to yourselves: This was a dangerous challenge to Jacob and his family. Irresponsible intermarriage with the Canaanites could prove especially harmful for this family with such a destiny in God’s redemptive plan. b. Whatever you say to me I will give: Hamor and Shechem probably thought themselves generous. But their manner of negotiating the arrangement of the marriage insulted Dinah and her family even more with a “just name your price” attitude. They acted as if money and marriage could make her disgrace go away. 4. (13-17) The counteroffer of Simeon and Levi: all the men of the city of Shechem should be circumcised. But the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father, and spoke deceitfully, because he had defiled Dinah their sister. And they said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a reproach to us. But on this condition we will consent to you: If you will become as we are, if every male of you is circumcised, then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to us; and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. But if you will not heed us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and be gone.” a. If every male of you is circumcised, then we will give our daughters to you: Hamor and Shechem agreed to such an extremem demand because because circumcision was not only practiced among the Israelites - other ancient peoples also had the practice. Therefore they knew of the practice from the rituals of other nations. b. For that would be a reproach to us: Simeon and Levi have evil intention in this plan. Yet they cover it up with spiritual words, and used Dinah as a cover for their intended evil. i. They felt justified because the men of Shechem treated their sister as a prostitute (Genesis 34:31), but they prostituted the sign of God’s covenant for their own murderous purpose. 5. (18-24) Hamor and Shechem convince the men of the city to go along with the plan. And their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son. So the young man did not delay to do the thing, because he delighted in Jacob’s daughter. He was more honorable than all the household of his father. And Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their city, and spoke with the men of their city, saying: “These men are at peace with us. Therefore let them dwell in the land and trade in it. For indeed the land is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters to us as wives, and let us give them our daughters. Only on this condition will the men consent to dwell with us, to be one people: if every male among us is circumcised as they are circumcised. Will not their livestock, their property, and every animal of theirs be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will dwell with us.” And all who went out of the gate of his city heeded Hamor and Shechem his son; every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city. a. Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem: Despite the obvious sacrifice involved, Hamor and Shechem were pleased with this plan. Beyond the obviously deep attraction Shechem has for Dinah, they were also undoubtedly pleased to begin to marry into a family so large, wealthy, and influential. b. Will not their livestock, their property, and every animal of theirs be ours? It is amazing what men will do for both women and wealth. A whole city of men submits to circumcision so they can take their daughters to us as wives and take their livestock, property, and every animal of theirs. B. Simeon and Levi destroy the city of Shechem. 1. (25) The massacre of the men of the city of Shechem. Now it came to pass on the third day, when they were in pain, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword and came boldly upon the city and killed all the males. a. When they were in pain ... each took his sword and came boldly upon the city and killed all the males: This was not only a brutal, deceptive act, but it also disgraced God’s covenant of circumcision. Surely, with this clever act of violent deception, Simeon and Levi showed themselves to be the children of Jacob from a bitter, competitive home environment. i. In pain: “Crudely performed, circumcision could be quite incapacitating, particularly after two or three days.” (Kidner) b. Came boldly: “The boldness with which they executed their foul plan shows the hardness of their hearts.” (Barnhouse) 2. (26-29) They rescue Dinah and plunder the city. And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went out. The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and plundered the city, because their sister had been defiled. They took their sheep, their oxen, and their donkeys, what was in the city and what was in the field, and all their wealth. All their little ones and their wives they took captive; and they plundered even all that was in the houses. a. They killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword: Certainly, they justified this murder and theft by saying they and their sister had been disgraced, but the punishment clearly does not fit the crime. b. They plundered even all that was in the houses: Simeon and Levi probably thought God blessed their murderous plans with great success. 3. (30-31) Jacob’s reaction. Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have troubled me by making me obnoxious among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites; and since I am few in number, they will gather themselves together against me and kill me. I shall be destroyed, my household and I.” But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a harlot?” a. You have troubled me by making me obnoxious: Sadly, Jacob is only concerned with himself. There is no concern for God’s righteousness or the death and plunder of innocents. This is Jacob, not Israel in action. i. “Jacob! You brought that trouble on yourself. You passed your own deceitful nature into your boys. You set them a constant example of guile. They heard you lie to Esau at Peniel and start northwest after he went southeast. They saw your interest in the fat pastures when you pitched your tent in Shechem. You said nothing when Dinah was violated ... Talk to God about your own sin before talking to these boys about theirs.” (Barnhouse) b. Should he treat our sister like a harlot? Simeon and Levi were correct that Dinah had been treated like a harlot. Yet, their reaction was certainly ungodly. i. When Jacob was about to die, he prophesied over each of his 12 sons. This is what he said about Simeon and Levi: Simeon and Levi are brothers; instruments of cruelty are in their dwelling place. Let not my soul enter their council; let not my honor be united to their assembly; for in their anger they slew a man, and in their self-will they hamstrung an ox. Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel. (Genesis 49:5-7) He saw Simeon and Levi for who they were, but he rebuked them far too late. ii. The prophetic word of God through Jacob proved true. God did in fact both divide the tribes of Simeon and Levi, and scatter them among Israel. But, significantly, the way it happened for each tribe was different. The tribe of Simeon, because of their lack of faithfulness, was effectively dissolved as a tribe, and the tribe of Simeon was absorbed into the tribal area of Judah. The tribe of Levi was also scattered, but because of the faithfulness of this tribe during the rebellion of the golden calf (Exodus 32:26-28), the tribe was scattered as a blessing throughout the whole nation of Israel. Both were scattered, but one as a blessing and the other as curse. Genesis 35 - Revival in Jacob’s Life A. Jacob returns to Bethel. 1. (1) God speaks to Jacob, calling him back to Bethel. Then God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to Bethel and dwell there; and make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Esau your brother.” a. Arise, go up to Bethel and dwell there: The whole Shechem incident happened because Jacob went to Shechem instead of Bethel, where he was supposed to be. Now he finally went where God told him to go (Genesis 31:13). i. “The only cure for worldliness is to separate from it.” (Barnhouse) Jacob had to leave Shechem and go to Bethel. We often end up in much difficulty and bring much difficulty to those around us, because we do not go where God tells us to go. ii. Genesis 34 does not mention God once, and is one of the most sordid chapters in Israel’s history. Genesis 35 mentions God over and over again, more than ten times, plus 11 more times in names such as Bethel and Israel. b. Make an altar there to God: Jacob was told to go back to Bethel and resume a life of worship there. This return to the Lord would have an especially good effect on the children of Jacob. This reminds us the best thing parents can do for their children is to be in God’s will themselves. i. As Jacob looked back on his walk with God, the first meeting with God at Bethel (Genesis 28:10-22) must have seemed like a high point. But to his credit, Jacob refused to think the best years of his life with God were behind him. He returned to his first love - he returned to Bethel, and God blessed it. 2. (2-4) The cleansing of Jacob’s family. And Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign gods that are among you, purify yourselves, and change your garments. Then let us arise and go up to Bethel; and I will make an altar there to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and has been with me in the way which I have gone.” So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods which were in their hands, and the earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the terebinth tree which was by Shechem. a. Put away the foreign gods that are among you, purify yourselves: Jacob’s family only got right with God after Jacob himself did. This again shows us the tremendous leadership role men have within the family. A man resisting God will see the same effect in his children. A man who gets right with God will see the effect in his family also. i. Jacob’s children kept foreign gods because their mother did. Rachel clung to the household idols of her father (Genesis 31:19). No matter how hard we try to teach our children godly conduct they will continue to do what we do. b. And change your garments: This was important because “Throughout the Bible, garments symbolize character. The inward life of the unregenerate is compared to a polluted garment.” (Barnhouse) i. Jude 23 gives the idea: but others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire, hating even the garment defiled by the flesh. Ephesians 4:22-24 gives a similar exhortation: that you put off, concerning your former conduct, the old man which grows corrupt according to the deceitful lusts, and be renewed in the spirit of your mind, and that you put on the new man which was created according to God, in true righteousness and holiness. c. And the earrings which were in their ears: Apparently, these earrings also had a pagan connection. Though one could find some justification for keeping the earrings, they got rid of them nonetheless. i. It is important for everyone to take stock of what they may have in their home that is ungodly or connected to the occult, and promptly get rid of those things. 3. (5-7) God’s protection of Jacob; he comes to Bethel. And they journeyed, and the terror of God was upon the cities that were all around them, and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob. So Jacob came to Luz (that is, Bethel), which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people who were with him. And he built an altar there and called the place El Bethel, because there God appeared to him when he fled from the face of his brother. a. The terror of God was upon the cities that were all around them, and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob: Obviously, it would be fair of God to leave Jacob to the consequences of his sinful lack of leadership in the family. Yet, God’s grace covered Jacob even when his sin had made he and his family vulnerable. i. Jacob and his family needed this protection because the massacre at Shechem made them hated among the Canaanites, as Jacob feared in Genesis 34:30). b. He built an altar there and called the place El Bethel: Though Jacob had sinned, he now did what was right before God. He did this despite the danger and trusting God’s protection. He might have justified a lack of obedience because of fear, but he trusted God instead. i. It was dangerous for Jacob to set out to Bethel but it was more dangerous for him to disobey God. The only thing that could save him was a radical obedience to the Lord. No matter what the circumstances look like, the safest place is do the will of God. 4. (8) The death of Deborah, Rebekah’s beloved nurse. Now Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died, and she was buried below Bethel under the terebinth tree. So the name of it was called Allon Bachuth. a. Now Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died: We know nothing of this woman before this account. Seemingly, she came with Rebekah as a companion when she came from Haran to marry Isaac. Obviously, she was a beloved member of the family, because they named the place where she was buried Allon Bachuth, which means “Oak of Weeping.” b. Rebekah’s nurse: Some commentators assume for some reason, she came to be in Jacob’s household, coming from his mother’s household, but we do not know for certain if this is the case. 5. (9-15) God speaks to Jacob again at Bethel. Then God appeared to Jacob again, when he came from Padan Aram, and blessed him. And God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; your name shall not be called Jacob anymore, but Israel shall be your name.” So He called his name Israel. Also God said to him: “I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall proceed from you, and kings shall come from your body. The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I give to you; and to your descendants after you I give this land.” Then God went up from him in the place where He talked with him. So Jacob set up a pillar in the place where He talked with him, a pillar of stone; and he poured a drink offering on it, and he poured oil on it. And Jacob called the name of the place where God spoke with him, Bethel. a. Then God appeared to Jacob again…and blessed him: When Jacob finally arrived at the place God told him to go, Jacob immediately found great blessing. God appeared to him, God blessed him, and God called him by his new name (Israel). i. The reminder of the new name was important, because Jacob had acted like Jacob instead of Israel. Yet, God wanted to set his mind on the new man God made him to be. God does the same with us, reminding us who we are in Him. God wants us to remember and live in the great names He gives us. b. God appeared to Jacob again: Relationship was restored. This was an excellent example of what it means to return to your first love, as in Revelation 2:4-5: Jacob remembered to go back to Bethel. He repented by getting rid of all the idols, and he did the first works by building an altar and worshipping God as before. c. The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I give to you; and to your descendants after you I give this land: God granted Jacob a precious reminder of his place in God’s great covenant, begun with his grandfather Abraham. In this, Jacob did not need to hear anything new from God. He just needed to be reminded of what was true, and encouraged to cling to it all. d. Then God went up from him in the place where He talked with him: Seemingly, God appeared to Jacob here in bodily form. God blessed Jacob remarkably after his return to his first love. Much blessing waits for us until we do what God tells us to do. e. He poured a drink offering on it, and he poured oil on it: Appropriately, Jacob performed sacrificial acts of worship to the God who had blessed him so much. i. The idea of a drink offering is found often in the Bible. Exodus 29:40-41, Leviticus 23:13, and Numbers 15:5-7 show the drink offering was made with wine poured out in sacrifice before the Lord at His altar. Paul considered the pouring out of his life before God to be like the pouring out of a drink offering at God’s altar (Philippians 2:17 and 2 Timothy 4:6). ii. Jacob’s heart of worship showed gratitude towards God. When we look back on life, we should never have the attitude that says, “I was robbed.” Instead our heart should say, “God has blessed.” This will probably determine if we will be perfectly miserable or perfectly delightful as we get older. B. The birth of Benjamin and the death of Rachel. 1. (16-17) The birth of another son. Then they journeyed from Bethel. And when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath, Rachel labored in childbirth, and she had hard labor. Now it came to pass, when she was in hard labor, that the midwife said to her, “Do not fear; you will have this son also.” a. Rachel labored in childbirth: There seems to be none of the contentiousness and competitiveness surrounding the birth of this last son, possibly because they were all older at this time. More so, it was because they were now in the Promised Land and it just wasn’t as important as before. b. In childbirth: We don’t know how long Jacob stayed at Bethel, but it is possible this last child was conceived at this place where Jacob came back to his first love for the Lord. 2. (18) The naming of the last son. And so it was, as her soul was departing (for she died), that she called his name Ben-Oni; but his father called him Benjamin. a. She called his name Ben-Oni: Rachel named this last child - who before would have been seen as a cause for rejoicing and victory in the competition with her sister - she named this child Ben-Oni, meaning “son of my sorrow.” i. Ultimately, this shows the futility of Rachel’s competition with her sister Leah. Now at the time of her final “victory,” all she found was sorrow. b. But his father called him Benjamin: Jacob wisely named the child Benjamin, which means “son of my right hand.” Perhaps he rightly sensed the special place God had for this child, or perhaps he simply prized Benjamin so greatly because he was the final link between him and the woman he loved most. c. Benjamin: The right side was associated with greater strength and honor, because most people are right handed. Benjamin (son of my right hand) therefore has the idea of “son of my strength” or “son of my honor.” i. The idea is expressed in passages like Exodus 15:6: Your right hand, O Lord, has become glorious in power; Your right hand, O Lord, has dashed the enemy in pieces. ii. The Lord is our strength and honor, as in Psalm 16:8: I have set the Lord always before me; because He is at my right hand I shall not be moved. iii. God’s strength and honor are for us: My soul follows close behind You; Your right hand upholds me. (Psalm 63:8) Though I walk in the midst of trouble, You will revive me; You will stretch out Your hand against the wrath of my enemies, and Your right hand will save me (Psalm 138:7). iv. Jesus sits at the right hand of the Father, the position of strength and honor, and we sit there with Him! If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God (Colossians 3:1). 3. (19-20) The death and burial of Rachel. So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). And Jacob set a pillar on her grave, which is the pillar of Rachel’s grave to this day. a. Rachel died and was buried: Rachel’s death was in tragic fulfillment of the curse Jacob himself pronounced on the one who stole the idols of Laban (Genesis 31:32). i. In Genesis 30:1, Rachel pleaded with Jacob, Give me children, or else I die! As it happened, both became true. She had children and died as a result. b. Jacob set a pillar on her grave: This also shows that even when we get right with God and return to our first love it doesn’t mean life becomes only ease and comfort. There are constant challenges for us to trust God. i. We cannot prize comfort more than getting right with God. For some, comfort is their idol - a false god they worship with constant pursuit and attention. Some only want a comfortable life, not a godly life. The symbol for some Christians seems to be an easy chair, not a cross. 4. (21-22a) Reuben’s sin with his father’s concubine. Then Israel journeyed and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder. And it happened, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine; and Israel heard about it. a. Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine: Reuben was the firstborn. We might expect the best conduct from him, and might expect him to most seriously receive the covenant of his fathers. Yet, here he sinned in a most offensive way against his father and entire family. i. However, we don’t have to wonder about where this sinful conduct came from. In the home so filled with strife, contention, competition, and the pursuit of the flesh, it was almost to be expected. b. Israel heard about it: Through their sin, Reuben, Simeon, and Levi seemed to disqualify themselves from the high calling of Abraham’s blessing. It will be up to the fourth son, Judah, to bring forth the Messiah. 5. (22b-26) Jacob’s 12 sons. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve: the sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, and Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun; the sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin; the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s maidservant, were Dan and Naphtali; and the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant, were Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Padan Aram. a. The sons of Jacob were twelve: From what we have seen in the last few chapters, this was not a collection of amazingly spiritual men. i. “We are greatly amazed in reflecting upon the event as a whole that descendants of the worthy patriarch Abraham should almost immediately after his time already have sunk to the level upon which Jacob’s sons stand in this chapter.” (Leupold) b. These were the sons of Jacob: This was actually a severely dysfunctional family. God will use this family, but not because they were such great or spiritual men, but because He chose them by His grace alone. C. The death of Isaac. 1. (27) Jacob visits his father Isaac one last time. Then Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre, or Kirjath Arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had dwelt. a. Jacob came to his father Isaac: More than 20 years ago, Jacob left his home thinking his father’s death was at hand. Now, quite unexpectedly, he had the opportunity to see his father one last time before his death. i. We should remember our times are in God’s hands. We may expect a long or short life for others or ourselves and be quite wrong. Only God knows. b. His father Isaac: There seemed to be nothing dramatic between Isaac and Jacob at this meeting. It was possible Isaac was incapacitated by old age. 2. (28-29) Jacob and Esau bury their father together. Now the days of Isaac were one hundred and eighty years. So Isaac breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people, being old and full of days. And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. a. His sons Esau and Jacob buried him: The sons had already been brought together by God’s hand. Now they worked together again, united by the death of their father. Genesis 36 - The Family of Esau A. Esau’s separation from Jacob. 1. (1-5) The wives, sons, and daughters of Esau. Now this is the genealogy of Esau, who is Edom. Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite; Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth. Now Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, and Basemath bore Reuel. And Aholibamah bore Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan. 2. (6-8) The separation of Jacob and Esau. Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the persons of his household, his cattle and all his animals, and all his goods which he had gained in the land of Canaan, and went to a country away from the presence of his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together, and the land where they were strangers could not support them because of their livestock. So Esau dwelt in Mount Seir. Esau is Edom. a. Their possessions were too great for them to dwell together: Esau’s cry to Isaac Have you only one blessing, my father? (Genesis 27:38) proved unfounded. Because he was a descendant of Abraham God blessed Esau, and blessed him in the only way he really cared about: materially. B. The descendants of Esau. 1. (9) The Edomites descend from Esau. And this is the genealogy of Esau the father of the Edomites in Mount Seir. a. Esau the father of the Edomites: Edom and the Edomites are mentioned some 130 times in the Bible. They were an important group of neighbors to Israel. · When the Israelites came through the wilderness to the Promised Land in the time of Moses, the Edomites refused them passage through their land (Numbers 20:21). This was a source of great discouragement for the nation (Numbers 21:4). · Even so, God commanded special regard for the Edomites among Israel: You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother (Deuteronomy 23:7). · In the days of Saul, Edom was made subject to Israel (1 Samuel 14:47), and David established garrisons there (2 Samuel 8:14). But later, in the days of Joram, the son of Ahab, the Edomites became independent of Israel (2 Kings 8:16-22). · Several of the prophets spoke about and against Edom, including Jeremiah (Jeremiah 49:17-18) and Ezekiel (Ezekiel 25:12-14). · Herod the Great - the one who tried to kill the young child Jesus - was an Edomite. From the time Islam conquered the Middle East, the region has been virtually unoccupied, except for a few Bedouins and military outposts. It has been brought to nothing, as Obadiah had prophesied (the entire book of Obadiah records an extended prophecy against Edom). b. The Edomites in Mount Seir: The Edomites also held the rock city of Petra, which can only be reached through a narrow, winding gorge. Petra was so defensible that it was said that a dozen men could protect Petra against a whole army. 2. (10-43) The descendants of Edom and the chiefs of the Edomites. These were the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, and Reuel the son of Basemath the wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Now Timna was the concubine of Eliphaz, Esau’s son, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife. These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife. These were the sons of Aholibamah, Esau’s wife, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon. And she bore to Esau: Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. These were the chiefs of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn son of Esau, were Chief Teman, Chief Omar, Chief Zepho, Chief Kenaz, Chief Korah, Chief Gatam, and Chief Amalek. These were the chiefs of Eliphaz in the land of Edom. They were the sons of Adah. These were the sons of Reuel, Esau’s son: Chief Nahath, Chief Zerah, Chief Shammah, and Chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs of Reuel in the land of Edom. These were the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife. And these were the sons of Aholibamah, Esau’s wife: Chief Jeush, Chief Jaalam, and Chief Korah. These were the chiefs who descended from Aholibamah, Esau’s wife, the daughter of Anah. These were the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these were their chiefs. These were the sons of Seir the Horite who inhabited the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom. And the sons of Lotan were Hori and Hemam. Lotan’s sister was Timna. These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. These were the sons of Zibeon: both Ajah and Anah. This was the Anah who found the water in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon. These were the children of Anah: Dishon and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. These were the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan. These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. These were the chiefs of the Horites: Chief Lotan, Chief Shobal, Chief Zibeon, Chief Anah, Chief Dishon, Chief Ezer, and Chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chiefs in the land of Seir. Now these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel: Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place. When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place. And when Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who attacked Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his place. And the name of his city was Avith. When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. And when Samlah died, Saul of Rehoboth-by-the-River reigned in his place. When Saul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place. And when Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadar reigned in his place; and the name of his city was Pau. His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. And these were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families and their places, by their names: Chief Timnah, Chief Alvah, Chief Jetheth, Chief Aholibamah, Chief Elah, Chief Pinon, Chief Kenaz, Chief Teman, Chief Mibzar, Chief Magdiel, and Chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their dwelling places in the land of their possession. Esau was the father of the Edomites. a. These were the chiefs of the sons of Esau: When we see the kings and chiefs among the descendants of Esau, we see more clearly what God meant when He said, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated (Malachi 1:2-3 and Romans 9:13). Esau was obviously a blessed man but he was hated and rejected in regard to being chosen for a critical role in God’s plan of redemption. i. “If God blesses so abundantly those who are not chosen, what is the magnitude of His blessings for those who are chosen? If nonspiritual people experience such outpourings of merely common grace, how great must the special grace of the regenerate be!” (Boice) b. She bore Amalek to Eliphaz: Notable among this list is Amalek. From him came the Amalekites, notable enemies of Israel (Exodus 17:8-16; Deuteronomy 25:17-19; 1 Samuel 15:1-8). i. In addition, the names of the descendants of Esau don’t reflect a godly heart. · Dishon (Genesis 36:21) means gazelle · Alvan (Genesis 36:23) means wicked · Ithran (Genesis 36:26) means advantage · Aran (Genesis 36:28) means mountain goat · Baal-Hanan (Genesis 36:38) - his name embraced the false god Baal. c. Jobab the son of Zerah: “Many have supposed that Jobab is the same as Job, so remarkable for his afflictions and patience; and that Eliphaz...was the same who in the book of Job is called one of his friends: but there is no proper proof of this, and there are many reasons against it.” (Clarke)

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17. Job 4-7 (Job’s 1st friend Counsels Him; Job Cries Out to God)

Job 4-7 (Job’s 1st friend Counsels Him; Job Cries Out to God)

Job 4 – The First Speech of Eliphaz This begins a long section in the Book of Job where Job’s friends counsel him and he answers them. His friends speak in more or less three rounds, with each speech followed by a reply from Job. At the end of these speeches, God answers Job and his friends and settles the matter. A. The opening comments of Eliphaz. 1. (1-6) Eliphaz calls upon Job to remember the advice he has given to others as a helper of the weak. Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said: “If one attempts a word with you, will you become weary? But who can withhold himself from speaking? Surely you have instructed many, And you have strengthened weak hands. Your words have upheld him who was stumbling, And you have strengthened the feeble knees; But now it comes upon you, and you are weary; It touches you, and you are troubled. Is not your reverence your confidence? And the integrity of your ways your hope?” a. Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered: Eliphaz was from Teman, an Edomite city that was known as a center of wisdom (Jeremiah 49:7). b. If one attempts a word with you, will you become weary? With this tactful beginning, Eliphaz began his speech. We may say that he had earned the right to speak to Job because, in a remarkable display of friendship, he sat wordless with Job through whole week to show his sympathy and brotherhood with the afflicted man (Job 2:11-13). c. But who can withhold himself from speaking? Eliphaz felt compelled to speak; his love and concern for Job strongly motivated him to help his suffering friend. Nevertheless, it will be later found that the advice of Eliphaz and the rest of Job’s counselors was wrong (Job 42:7-8). d. Surely you have instructed many . . . now it comes upon you, and you are weary: Eliphaz began to confront Job with what he saw as his problem. This took a great deal of courage on the part of Eliphaz; he was the first one to speak, and he spoke to a man with an enviable reputation for godliness and one suffering from terrible calamity. i. Yet he pointed at this apparent contradiction in Job’s lament recorded in the previous chapter: That this man who had taught and comforted many in their time of need now seems to despair in his own time of need. ii. “Already there is insinuation that Job is unable to apply to himself what he preached to others.” (Andersen) iii. “This is galling. But hitherto Eliphaz had commended Job; now he dasheth all, and draweth a black line over that he had spoken once. To commend a man with a but is a wound instead of a commendation . . . it sprinkleth black upon white, and so smutteth a man’s good name, which is slander in a high degree.” (Trapp) e. Is not your reverence you confidence? This has the idea of, “Job, does not your despair show that you have lost confidence in your reverence and lost hope in the integrity of your ways?” i. “Men are best known by affliction, and this now showeth of what metal thou art made; for now thou doth cast off thy fear of God, and all thy confidence and hope in him.” (Trapp) ii. This begins a section where Eliphaz (and others) will try to make Job see that his problems have come upon him because of some sin on his part, and that he should confess and repent of his sin in order to be restored. iii. Eliphaz began on the basis of Job’s complaint as recorded in Job 3. He reasoned that Job would not complain in this way unless he was in some way guilty; that his guilty conscience was the root of his suffering. As it turned out, this was a false assumption. Job’s complaint was simply the cry of a life in pain and not because Job consciously or unconsciously understood that he deserved this calamity because of his sin. 2. (7-11) Eliphaz explains what he believed to be the source of Job’s troubles. “Remember now, who ever perished being innocent? Or where were the upright ever cut off? Even as I have seen, Those who plow iniquity And sow trouble reap the same. By the blast of God they perish, And by the breath of His anger they are consumed. The roaring of the lion, The voice of the fierce lion, And the teeth of the young lions are broken. The old lion perishes for lack of prey, And the cubs of the lioness are scattered.” a. Who ever perished being innocent? Here Eliphaz came to the heart of his argument. He boldly said that Job was guilty of some sin because the innocent do not suffer as he had, and the upright are not cut off as he was. i. In this context, cut off means to be forsaken by God and goodness. In later Israel it would often mean to be executed. b. Those who plow iniquity and sow trouble reap the same: Eliphaz spoke convincingly from his own experience (Even as I have seen). Job was reaping trouble, so he must have plowed sin (iniquity) and sown the seeds of trouble. i. The counsel of Eliphaz is full of common sense and rooted in his own observations and experience. We might even say that it is mostly true and can be commonly seen as true. Nevertheless, we also know that in Job’s case he was wrong and this was the wrong counsel (remembering God’s assessment of Eliphaz and Job’s counselors in Job 42:7). ii. Many people today believe the counsel of Eliphaz, and believe it as an absolute spiritual law instead of a general principle. Some take the passage from Galatians 6:7: Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; whatever a man sows, that he will also reap. Yet it is important to understand the context of Paul’s statement, which was encouragement and exhortation for Christians to give materially for the support of their ministers. It is true that the principle of Galatians 6:7 has application beyond giving and supporting teachers and ministers. It has a general application in life; what we get out is often what we put in. Yet Paul did not promote some law of spiritual karma that ensures we will get good when we do good things or always get bad when we do bad things. If there were such an absolute spiritual law it would surely damn us all. Instead, Paul simply related the principle of sowing and reaping to the way we manage our resources before the Lord. He used the same picture in 1 Corinthians 9:11 and 2 Corinthians 9:6-10. iii. Job and his friends have built their whole life on the belief that God helps the good and hinders the bad; that in fact God can be seen as morally good in the affairs of men. “The friends must infer from Job’s suffering that he has sinned; Job must infer from his innocence that God is unjust.” (Andersen) c. By the blast of God they perish: Eliphaz here clearly implied that Job’s suffering came as the judgment of God against him; that the breath of His anger burned against Job. i. The idea is also that the mere breath of His anger is enough to destroy God’s foes. “He puts himself to no great pain to punish them; but blows them away as so many dust-heaps.” (Trapp) d. The teeth of the young lions are broken: Eliphaz painted the picture of how strong the anger of God is, that it is strong enough to humble and defeat even strong young lions. The idea is that the anger of God has also brought Job low. B. A revelation regarding the frailty of man. 1. (12-16) A spirit comes to Eliphaz by night. “Now a word was secretly brought to me, And my ear received a whisper of it. In disquieting thoughts from the visions of the night, When deep sleep falls on men, Fear came upon me, and trembling, Which made all my bones shake. Then a spirit passed before my face; The hair on my body stood up. It stood still, But I could not discern its appearance. A form was before my eyes; There was silence; Then I heard a voice saying: a. A word was secretly brought to me: Eliphaz claimed that he received this word in a dream, when deep sleep falls on men, and he received it by a spirit that passed before his face in his dream. i. “Eliphaz bolstered the authority of his words by an appeal to the supernatural – an eerie and hair-raising experience in which he received a divine oracle.” (Smick) b. A spirit passed before my face: The words in the following section came to Eliphaz from this strange and mysterious spirit. i. “Whether it came from heaven or hell, we know not, for its communication shows and rankles a wound, without providing a cure.” (Clarke) 2. (17-21) What the spirit said. ‘Can a mortal be more righteous than God? Can a man be more pure than his Maker? If He puts no trust in His servants, If He charges His angels with error, How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before a moth? They are broken in pieces from morning till evening; They perish forever, with no one regarding. Does not their own excellence go away? They die, even without wisdom.’ ” a. Can a mortal be more righteous than God? Eliphaz called attention to the common sinfulness of man. The idea is clear: “Job, we all sin. There is no great shame in admitting that you have sinned and that is why this calamity has come upon you.” b. If He charges His angels with error, how much more those who dwell in houses of clay: Eliphaz made this interesting comment to point out man’s spiritual and moral frailty. He noted that even angels had fallen into error, therefore it should surprise no one that man – including Job – has also fallen into error. i. This statement hit closer to the real truth than Eliphaz could know. It was one of these angels charged with error – Satan himself – who was the real cause of Job’s calamity. Satan also led a large number of angelic beings into rebellion against God (Revelation 12:4, 12:9). The Bible also says that in the age to come, redeemed man will in some way judge these fallen angels (1 Corinthians 6:3). Eliphaz was correct on this point: He charges His angels with error. ii. “It is all very beautiful, but absolutely short-sighted. Eliphaz had no knowledge of those secret councils in heaven, and was making the mistake of attempting to press all things into the compass of his philosophy.” (Morgan) iii. “The speaker seems serenely unconscious that he was saying anything that could drive a knife into the tortured man. He is so carried along on the waves of his own eloquence, and so absorbed in the stringing together the elements of an artistic whole, that he forgets the very sorrows which he came to comfort.” (Maclaren) Job 5 – Eliphaz Explains the Cause of Job’s Troubles A. The fate of the foolish man. 1. (1-7) Eliphaz appeals to common wisdom. “Call out now; Is there anyone who will answer you? And to which of the holy ones will you turn? For wrath kills a foolish man, And envy slays a simple one. a. Call out now; is there anyone who will answer you? Eliphaz begged his friend Job to listen to reason and to agree with the common wisdom regarding Job and his problem. If he would merely consult any godly person, they would tell him the same as Eliphaz did (to which of the holy ones will you turn?) b. For wrath kills a foolish man: Eliphaz did not directly accuse Job; he more suggested that Job do all he could to not be like a foolish man who would be killed by wrath. 2. (3-7) The fate of the foolish man. I have seen the foolish taking root, But suddenly I cursed his dwelling place. His sons are far from safety, They are crushed in the gate, And there is no deliverer. Because the hungry eat up his harvest, Taking it even from the thorns, And a snare snatches their substance. For affliction does not come from the dust, Nor does trouble spring from the ground; Yet man is born to trouble, As the sparks fly upward.” a. His sons are far from safety: These were backhanded references to Job and his own sons. Eliphaz argued that the fact that such great disaster fell upon them proves that they were foolish and in sin. i. Again, we notice Eliphaz’s frame of reference: I have seen. He speaks from his own experience and observation on life. ii. His sons are far from safety, they are crushed in the gate, and there is not deliverer: “There is reference here to a custom which I have often had occasion to notice, that in the Eastern countries the court-house, or tribunal of justice, was at the GATE of the city; here the magistrates attended, and hither the plaintiff and defendant came for justice.” (Clarke) b. Affliction does not come from the dust, nor does trouble spring from the ground: Eliphaz believed that this trouble did not come to Job from nowhere; it didn’t just spring from the ground. The implication is clear: this affliction came upon Job from God. i. “Trouble does not sprout up like weeks in the field. He was implying that one must sow and cultivate trouble.” (Smick) c. Yet man is born to trouble, as the sparks fly upward: This point connects with the one Eliphaz just made. Trouble doesn’t come to man from nowhere; it comes as a judgment from God, or at least because man has sown trouble so now he reaps it. Since just as it is true that as the sparks fly upward, it is also true that man is born to trouble, then it can also be said that all men sin and deserve the affliction and trouble that comes to them. i. As the sparks fly upward: Literally, the Hebrew can be translated, as the sons of Resheph fly upward. “We cannot hope for further progress until we can find out who ‘the sons of Resheph’ are. Since Resheph is a Canaanite god about whom we now know a great deal, the possibility must now be faced that we have here another scrap of imagery from old myths.” (Andersen) B. Eliphaz defends God. 1. (8-16) Eliphaz praises God’s omnipotence and justice. “But as for me, I would seek God, And to God I would commit my cause; Who does great things, and unsearchable, Marvelous things without number. He gives rain on the earth, And sends waters on the fields. He sets on high those who are lowly, And those who mourn are lifted to safety. He frustrates the devices of the crafty, So that their hands cannot carry out their plans. He catches the wise in their own craftiness, And the counsel of the cunning comes quickly upon them. They meet with darkness in the daytime, And grope at noontime as in the night. But He saves the needy from the sword, From the mouth of the mighty, And from their hand. So the poor have hope, And injustice shuts her mouth.” a. As for me, I would seek God, and to God I would commit my cause: Eliphaz said it tactfully, yet he still said it – that Job was not seeking God and was not committing his cause to God in his affliction. b. Who does great things, and unsearchable, marvelous things without number: According to the counsel of Eliphaz, this is why Job should seek God and commit his way to Him. It is because God is a great God, great in both His power over creation (He gives rain on the earth) and in His moral justice (he frustrates the devices of the crafty . . . injustice shuts her mouth). i. Again, the implication is clear. Eliphaz believed that the justice of God, at this present time, worked against Job because Job was in sin and refused to see it. Yet if Job would only see this and repent, perhaps the justice of God would once again work on his behalf. ii. “These lines are a fine example of hymn genre in OT poetry. A similar creedal hymn appears in Isaiah 44:24-28. That is why the apostle Paul could cite a line from Job 5:13 in 1 Corinthians 3:19: ‘He catches the wise in their craftiness.’ But in Eliphaz’s case what is absolutely true is misapplied – the sick from is not the place for theological strictures that may turn out to do more harm than good. . . . Great truths misapplied only hurt more those who are already hurting.” (Smick) iii. He saves the needy from the sword, from the mouth of the mighty: “Thus the meaning is the same as in Psalm 57:4; 55:21; 64:3. . . . ‘Mouth’ is put for the edge of the sword.” (Bullinger) 2. (17-26) Eliphaz attributes Job’s suffering to God’s chastening for sin in his life. “Behold, happy is the man whom God corrects; Therefore do not despise the chastening of the Almighty. For He bruises, but He binds up; He wounds, but His hands make whole. He shall deliver you in six troubles, Yes, in seven no evil shall touch you. In famine He shall redeem you from death, And in war from the power of the sword. You shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue, And you shall not be afraid of destruction when it comes. You shall laugh at destruction and famine, And you shall not be afraid of the beasts of the earth. For you shall have a covenant with the stones of the field, And the beasts of the field shall be at peace with you. You shall know that your tent is in peace; You shall visit your dwelling and find nothing amiss. You shall also know that your descendants shall be many, And your offspring like the grass of the earth. You shall come to the grave at a full age, As a sheaf of grain ripens in its season.” a. Happy is the man whom God corrects: With poetic power, Eliphaz emphasized his point that Job’s problems are because God corrects His sinful children, and Job is one of those sinful children. b. Therefore do not despise the chastening of the Almighty: Eliphaz did not wish to push Job into despair. He believed that Job should not despise this correcting work in his life, but instead humble himself under it, forsake his sin, and learn from it. c. He bruises, but He binds up . . . He shall deliver you in six troubles: Eliphaz wanted to encourage Job further. “Job, God will heal your wounds and deliver you if you will confess your sin and turn to Him.” Eliphaz continued and described in detail all the blessings of restoration that would come to Job’s life if he would only repent and turn to God (you shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue . . . you shall laugh at destruction and famine . . . you shall know that your tent is in peace, and so on). i. You shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue: “Perhaps no evil is more dreadful than the scourge of the tongue: evil-speaking, detraction, backbiting, calumny, slander, tale-bearing, whispering, and scandalizing, are some of the terms which we use when endeavouring to express the baleful influence and effects of that member, which is a world of fire, kindled from the nethermost hell.” (Clarke) ii. Spurgeon preached this sermon on the words “You shall come to the grave at a full age, as a sheaf of grain ripens in its season.” These were his points of development regarding the death of a Christian: · Death is inevitable (You shall come) · Death is acceptable (You shall come) · Death is timely (at a full age) · Death is honorable (as a sheaf of grain ripens in its season) iii. “Even as the color of the wheat is golden, so that it looks more beauteous than when the greenness of its verdure is on it, so the gray-headed man has a crown of glory on his head. He is glorious in his weakness, more than the young man in his strength, or the maiden in her beauty. Is not a shock of corn a beautiful picture of the state of man, moreover, because very soon it must be taken home? The reaper is coming.” (Spurgeon) 3. (27) Eliphaz declares his confidence in his words. “Behold, this we have searched out; It is true. Hear it, and know for yourself.” a. Behold, this we have searched out: Eliphaz wanted to persuade Job, so he gave his statement the authority of communal knowledge (we have searched out). “Job, we all together here – your friends and counselors – have investigated this carefully and know what we are talking about.” i. It is worthy to remember that the Lord singled Eliphaz out at the end of the book for a special rebuke: the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “My wrath is aroused against you and your two friends, for you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has” (Job 42:7). “Eliphaz’s fault is not that his doctrine is unsound; it is his ineptness as a counselor. True words may be thin medicine for a man in the depths.” (Andersen) ii. “One thing is clear. The words of Eliphaz, however well meant, fall wide of their mark. Truth after truth has been uttered by him. But these truths bring no comfort or conviction to his afflicted friend. To him this wholesome food seems poison.” (Bradley) b. It is true: Eliphaz said this with absolute confidence. “Job, God’s principle of cause and effect together with your reaction to your calamity proves that you were and are in sin and you must repent to be restored.” To Eliphaz and the rest of Job’s friends this was so obvious that it did not need to be proven; he simply confidently explained, “It is true.” i. “It is not what Eliphaz knew that is wrong; it is what he was ignorant of – God’s hidden purpose – that made all his beautiful poetry and grand truth only a snare to Job.” (Smick) ii. “Aspirin is a good and effective medicine. But it is useless against cancer. Similarly, so much of the advice that Eliphaz and the other friends dole out is, in its own right, correct and good and true. But because it is wrongly applied it becomes useless. More than useless, it is a lie.” (Mason) iii. Eliphaz preaches a God who can be figured out. For Eliphaz, there are no unknowns behind the scenes; there is no drama or purpose in the heavens that motivate what God does and what He allows to be done. However, we know this heavenly drama from the first two chapters, and we see how shallow and unknowing the counsel of Eliphaz was. Job didn’t know what we know, but he could feel that the counsel of Eliphaz was wrong in his situation. iv. “Preconceptions exist in our own head; if we start out with the preconception that God will never allow the innocent to perish and then we see a righteous man perishing, we will have to say, ‘You cannot be a righteous man, because my preconception tells me that if you were, God would not allow you to suffer; therefore you are proved to be a bad man.’ ” (Chambers) It was this exact reasoning on the part of the religious authorities of Jesus’ day that motivated them to put him on the cross, and to mock Him at His crucifixion. v. The famous atheist Huxley said, “I object to Christians – they know too much about God.” So did Eliphaz and his friends. “If the study of the Book of Job is making us reverent with what we don’t understand, we are gaining insight. There is suffering before which you cannot say a word . . . all you can do is remain dumb and leave room for God to come in as He likes.” (Chambers) c. Hear it, and know for yourself: In the mind of Eliphaz, Job only needed to accept these obvious truths in order to find the answers to his current crisis. i. “Their persistent mistake was that of attempting to explain everything by their knowledge which, spacious as it was, was altogether too narrow.” (Morgan) ii. “The speech ends with a somewhat self-complacent exhortation to the poor, tortured man: ‘We have searched it, so it is.’ We wise men pledge our wisdom and our reputation that this is true. Great is authority. An ounce of sympathy would have done more to commend the doctrine than a ton of dogmatic self-confidence.” (Maclaren) iii. “It is one of the supreme ironies of this book that only after the arrival of these three bosom friends of his does Job really lose a grip on himself and fall off the edge into despair. Their pedantic theology, their reforming zeal, and their subtle slights are more than the poor man can take, and undoubtedly this backhanded betrayal by his friends is Job’s final and most severe trial.” (Mason) Job 6 – Job Replies to Eliphaz: “What Does Your Arguing Prove?” A. Job laments his affliction. 1. (1-7) Job explains his rash words. Then Job answered and said: “Oh, that my grief were fully weighed, And my calamity laid with it on the scales! For then it would be heavier than the sand of the sea; Therefore my words have been rash. For the arrows of the Almighty are within me; My spirit drinks in their poison; The terrors of God are arrayed against me. Does the wild donkey bray when it has grass, Or does the ox low over its fodder? Can flavorless food be eaten without salt? Or is there any taste in the white of an egg? My soul refuses to touch them; They are as loathsome food to me.” a. Then Job answered and said: Job’s friends were kind enough to sit with him in sympathetic silence for some seven days (Job 2:13). Job broke his the silence with an anguished rant (Job 3), and Eliphaz responded with a poetic call to repentance (Job 4-5). Now Job will answer the words of Eliphaz the Temanite. b. Oh, that my grief were fully weighed: Job’s first response to the words of Eliphaz were to complain about the greatness of his suffering, because Eliphaz only made his suffering worse, with his well-intentioned but wrong analysis of Job’s problem. i. This was not only Job’s feeling; it was also the judgment of God as revealed at the end of the Book of Job, where He said of Eliphaz and Job’s other counselors: You have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has (Job 42:7). c. Therefore my words have been rash: Job’s outburst in Job 3 did not curse God, but it did come close. Job here admitted that his words were indeed rash, but explained that it was because of the excessive heaviness of his grief. i. “Job declared, in effect, that he did not understand the cry because he did not know the pain.” (Morgan) d. The arrows of the Almighty are within me: Job explained why his suffering was so deep and his words were so rash. It was because he felt that God Himself had attacked and cursed him. He felt that God had shot arrows at him; had sent poison against him; and had arrayed His terrors against Job. i. Job both opened (Job 6:4) and closed (Job 7:20) this speech with the picture of God shooting arrows in him. “There is an evident reference here to wounds inflicted by poisoned arrows, and to the burning fever occasioned by such wounds, producing such an intense parching thirst as to dry up all the moisture in the system, stop all the salivary ducts, thicken and inflame the blood, induce putrescency, and terminate in raging mania, producing the most terrifying images, from which the patient is relieved only by death.” (Clarke) ii. “Arrows; so fitly calls his afflictions, because, like arrows, they came upon him swiftly and suddenly, one after another, and that from on high, and they wounded him deeply and deadlily.” (Poole) e. Can flavorless food be eaten without salt? Or is there any taste in the white of an egg? Job described how the words of Eliphaz “tasted” to him. They were weak and flavorless, and certainly did not give Job any health or strength. i. “The speech, also, to which Job had listened from Eliphaz the Temanite did not put much sweetness into his mouth; for it was devoid of sympathy and consolation. If you read it at home you will see that it was worthy to be the first of a singular selection of galling utterances. . . . He had spoken as harshly and severely as if he were a judge addressing a criminal who was suffering no more than he deserved.” (Spurgeon) f. Does the wild donkey bray when it has grass? Job insisted that he had reason for his grief. The donkey doesn’t bray and the ox doesn’t low when they have enough food; in the same analogy, Job’s isn’t complaining without reason. i. “The wail is always evident of a want. The wild ass does not bray when he has grass, nor the ox over his fodder.” (Morgan) 2. (8-10) Job longs for God to grant the escape of death. “Oh, that I might have my request, That God would grant me the thing that I long for! That it would please God to crush me, That He would loose His hand and cut me off! Then I would still have comfort; Though in anguish, I would exult, He will not spare; For I have not concealed the words of the Holy One.” a. That it would please God to crush me: Job returns to the theme of his complaint from Job 3, where he mourned the day of his birth and believed he would be better off day. Though Job never seems to have contemplated suicide, he wished God Himself would end his life. i. “When the answer does not come, when instead of the release of cutting off, we have the continuity of pain, and a great silence, then let us remember this story: and remain confident that there is some explanation, and that when it comes, we shall thank God that He did not give us our request.” (Morgan) b. That He would loose His hand and cut me off: The idea may again have God as an archer shooting arrows at Job. He pleads that God might simply launch more arrows and end his life (cut me off). c. I have not concealed the words of the Holy One: Here Job again insists on his basic innocence before God. The calamity in his life was not due to some sin such as concealing the words of the Holy One (perhaps better translated as that I had not denied the words of the Holy One, as in the NIV). i. “With the sense that I have not denied or disobeyed the words of the Holy One. I should die calmly, for I should die innocent.” (Bradley) ii. “He would have one consolation left before he died – that he had not denied the words of the Holy One, though he emphatically rejected the words of Eliphaz.” (Smick) iii. If Job sensed a responsibility to not deny or conceal the words of the Holy One, we have an even greater responsibility. “Did you listen to that splendid sermon? What rhetoric! What oratory! But those poor people in the aisles did not understand a word, or if they did they only comprehended disconnected sentences, and lost the soul of the discourse. Is this right? Is this according to the Scriptural idea of preaching? . . . If the next generation should become more wicked than the present, and still more ignorant of the gospel, the fact will be chargeable upon those who conceal the words of God today.” (Spurgeon) 3. (11-13) Job laments his weakness. “What strength do I have, that I should hope? And what is my end, that I should prolong my life? Is my strength the strength of stones? Or is my flesh bronze? Is my help not within me? And is success driven from me?” a. What strength do I have, that I should hope? Job reflected the sense of hopelessness of the severe and chronic sufferer. Sensing no inner strength to meet the present and future challenges, he felt no hope at all. i. We can sense the depth of Job’s anguish: Is my strength the strength of stones? Is my flesh bronze? b. Is my help not within me? We should not think that Job is like a motivational self-help speaker encouraging himself to looking within for a hidden resource of help. Instead these words from the pain-wracked man sitting on a burned-out place in a garbage dump indicate Job’s absolute sense of helplessness. If Job’s only help is within him, then he has no help. Indeed, all success is driven from him. i. The NIV translation of Job 6:13 is helpful: Do I have any power to help myself, now that success has been driven from me? ii. “The words of Job can bring immense comfort for the simple reason that many sufferers have felt rage but have been too ashamed to express it.” (Smick) B. Job challenges Eliphaz. 1. (14-23) Job criticizes Eliphaz and defends himself. “To him who is afflicted, kindness should be shown by his friend, Even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty. My brothers have dealt deceitfully like a brook, Like the streams of the brooks that pass away, Which are dark because of the ice, And into which the snow vanishes. When it is warm, they cease to flow; When it is hot, they vanish from their place. The paths of their way turn aside, They go nowhere and perish. The caravans of Tema look, The travelers of Sheba hope for them. They are disappointed because they were confident; They come there and are confused. For now you are nothing, You see terror and are afraid. Did I ever say, ‘Bring something to me’? Or, ‘Offer a bribe for me from your wealth’? Or, ‘Deliver me from the enemy’s hand’? Or, ‘Redeem me from the hand of oppressors’?” a. Kindness should be shown by his friend: Job here made his most basic accusation against Eliphaz. “You should show me kindness, even if were true that I had forsaken the fear of the Almighty.” b. My brothers have dealt deceitfully like a brook: Even though only Eliphaz had previously spoken, Job addressed his brothers collectively. Either this was out of politeness (not wanting to single out Eliphaz), or because Job believed that the attitude and silence of his other companions meant they agreed with Eliphaz. Job accused them of being as unreliable as a snow-fed stream that vanishes when it is hot. i. “Incidentally this touch supports our suspicion that Job’s homeland was to the east of the Lebanon complex, rather than near Edom, where snow waters would not be seen.” (Andersen) ii. “How great a contrast to the love and friendship of Jesus! Not like a brook that dries in the time of drought, but like a well of water springing up within the heart for ever.” (Meyer) iii. For now you are nothing, you see terror and are afraid: “Verse 21 is the climax of Job’s reaction to his friends’ counsel. They offered no help. The verse is like a sermon about the special strength needed to be willing to make oneself available when we see others in a truly dreadful condition. The risk involved makes us afraid.” (Smick) c. Did I ever say: Job wasn’t asking his friends to pay him money or to ransom him from kidnappers. All he wanted was some words of comfort, and he heard none. 2. (24-30) Job challenges his friends to point out his error and lack of discernment. “Teach me, and I will hold my tongue; Cause me to understand wherein I have erred. How forceful are right words! But what does your arguing prove? Do you intend to rebuke my words, And the speeches of a desperate one, which are as wind? Yes, you overwhelm the fatherless, And you undermine your friend. Now therefore, be pleased to look at me; For I would never lie to your face. Yield now, let there be no injustice! Yes, concede, my righteousness still stands! Is there injustice on my tongue? Cannot my taste discern the unsavory?” a. Do you intend to rebuke my words, and the speeches of a desperate one: Job believed that Eliphaz was unduly harsh in his reply and failed to see that his Job’s rant recorded in chapter 3 was made up only of words from a desperate one. i. “Throughout the dialogue they make veiled accusations, deliver general moral pronouncements, hum and haw, and equivocate. But all their insinuations are without substance, and by way of actually identifying and getting at the root of Job’s problem . . . the best they can do is suggest that his ‘attitude’ is all wrong.” (Mason) ii. Eliphaz, in his insensitivity, acted as if Job’s words were as wind. “Do you take me for a desperate and distracted man, who knows not or cares not what he saith, but only speaks what comes first into his mind and mouth? The wind is oft used to express vain words, as Job 15:2; Jeremiah 5:13; and vain things, Job 7:7; Proverbs 11:29.” (Poole) iii. Instead of comforting Job, Eliphaz was as bad as someone who would overwhelm the fatherless and undermine his friend. “Now he seems to retaliate with charges of his own: You would even gamble over an orphan and bargain over your friend. This is pretty rough stuff. There is no more indication that the friends gambled for orphans than there is that Job asked for bribes. Perhaps this is what Job is getting at. But their relationship has certainly deteriorated if they are already swopping insults like this.” (Andersen) b. Now therefore, be pleased to look at me: “Here it appears that throughout Job’s speech the friends have been hanging their heads and refusing to meet his gaze, while in an odd reversal of roles the sick man now holds his head high and looks his sleek and healthy inquisitors straight in the eye.” (Mason) c. Yes, concede, my righteousness still stands! Job very much wanted Eliphaz and his other friends to see that his present calamity was not judgment for some grievous (though hidden) sin. i. The words “teach me,” “cause me,” “what does your arguing prove,” and “concede” are all demands for evidence and proof. “He turns to Eliphaz and says, ‘You say that I’m suffering because of sin, but you’ve never pointed anything out specifically. Teach me and tell me what my sin is. But until you do, there’s no proof of your argument.” (Lawson) ii. Because we know the story-behind-the-story from Job 1 and 2, we understand this to be true. Yet Job’s friends have a very hard time believing this, and will continue the contention with Job over this point. d. Is there injustice on my tongue? Cannot my taste discern the unsavory? Previously in this chapter Job has represented the words of Eliphaz as bits of food; bits that were very unsatisfying to Job in his present suffering. · According to the analogy of animals, if the words of Eliphaz had comforted and satisfied Job, he would not have cried out as he did in Job 3 (Job 6:5) · The words of Eliphaz were like flavorless food (Job 6:6) · The words of Eliphaz were like rotten, loathsome food (Job 6:7) · Job can discern the unsavory character of the words of Eliphaz (6:30) Job 7 – In Response to Eliphaz, Job Cries Out to God A. The comfortless suffering of Job. 1. (1-5) The hard service of Job’s suffering. “Is there not a time of hard service for man on earth? Are not his days also like the days of a hired man? Like a servant who earnestly desires the shade, And like a hired man who eagerly looks for his wages, So I have been allotted months of futility, And wearisome nights have been appointed to me. When I lie down, I say, ‘When shall I arise, And the night be ended?’ For I have had my fill of tossing till dawn. My flesh is caked with worms and dust, My skin is cracked and breaks out afresh.” a. I have been allotted months of futility: Job saw his present suffering like the futile, discouraging work of a servant or a hired man. He felt there was no hope or reward, only weariness. i. The words hard service in Job 7:1 are (according to Adam Clarke and others) descriptive of military service. The Latin Vugate translates, The life of man is a warfare upon earth. The early English Coverdale translation has it, Is not the life of man upon earth a very battle? With this Job communicated both the struggle of life, together with the idea that he has been drafted unwillingly into this battle. b. Wearisome night have been appointed to me: Job described his physical condition in painful terms. He suffered from insomnia and his skin affliction came back again and again. i. Clarke on My flesh is caked with worms: “The figure is too horrid to be farther illustrated.” 2. (6-10) Job mourns the futility of life. “My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, And are spent without hope. Oh, remember that my life is a breath! My eye will never again see good. The eye of him who sees me will see me no more; While your eyes are upon me, I shall no longer be. As the cloud disappears and vanishes away, So he who goes down to the grave does not come up. He shall never return to his house, Nor shall his place know him anymore.” a. My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle: Job did not mean this in a positive sense, as in saying “My, look how fast the time is going by.” As described in the previous verses, in this season of affliction time is dragging by for Job through his sleepless and painful nights. Yet when he looked at his life in totality, it seemed to be a meaningless blur, spent without hope and as a breath. i. “Ibn Ezra noted long ago the play on the word [tiqwah, ‘hope’], which can also mean ‘thread.’ Job’s days move fast like a weaver’s shuttle, and they come to an end through want of thread. Both meanings were equally intended. This is the kind of overtone in meaning that cannot be reflected in a translation without a footnote.” (Smick) ii. “Worse than the disease itself, Job lost all hope of being healed. He believed his only release from pain was death.” (Smick) b. So he who goes down to the grave does not come up: This is one of Job’s statements about the afterlife that are sprinkled throughout the book. These statements are a combination of uncertainty (as here) and triumphant confidence (as in Job 19:25-26). B. Job’s complaint to God. 1. (11-16) Job’s anguish: “My soul chooses strangling.” “Therefore I will not restrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul. Am I a sea, or a sea serpent, That You set a guard over me? When I say, ‘My bed will comfort me, My couch will ease my complaint,’ Then You scare me with dreams And terrify me with visions, So that my soul chooses strangling And death rather than my body. I loathe my life; I would not live forever. Let me alone, For my days are but a breath.” a. I will speak in the anguish of my spirit: Job here cried out to God, first wondering if he were not a dangerous creature (as sea, or a sea serpent) that needed to be guarded and restrained by God. i. “We hear of persons being ‘shadowed’ by the police, and certain people feel as if they were shadowed by God; they are mysteriously tracked by the great Spirit, and they know and feel it. Wherever they go, an eye is upon them, and they cannot hide from it.” (Spurgeon) ii. “Listen. To argue from our insignificance is poor pleading; for the little things are just those against which there is most need to watch. If you were a sea, or a whale, God might leave you alone; but as you are a feeble and sinful creature, which can do more hurt than a sea, or a whale, you need constant watching. . . . Do not say, ‘Am I a sea, or a sea-monster, that thou settest a watch over me?’ for the Lord may answer, ‘You are more capacious for evil than a sea, and more wild than a sea-monster.’” (Spurgeon) iii. Indeed, we are more like the sea or the sea-monster than we would like to admit. · The sea is restless, and so is our nature. · The sea can be furious and terrible, and so can we. · The sea can never be satisfied, and neither can sinful man. · The sea is mischievous and destructive, and so is sinful man. · The sea will not obey, and neither will sinful man. iv. Job’s words here remind us of something remarkable. Though his physical suffering was intense and prolonged, as John Trapp wrote, “His greatest troubles were inward.” Job’s spiritual crisis was deeper than his physical or material crisis. b. You scare me with dreams: Job was denied even the comfort of sleep and rest. When he did lay down to sleep (upon his bed or couch), he was disturbed with nightmarish dreams and terrifying visions. i. “He needed rest by sleep, but was afraid to close his eyes because of the horrid images which were presented to his imagination. Could there be a state more deplorable than this?” (Clarke) c. So that my soul chooses strangling . . . I loathe my life: Job’s condition is so miserable that, at this point, his soul would prefer the release of death. i. Job was so miserable that he just said to God, “Let me alone.” “At this moment it appears to Job that God is the tormentor. The reader knows God was using in secondary means and that Job’s conception of God as tormentor was askew.” (Smick) 2. (17-21) Job appeals to God: “Have I sinned?” “What is man, that You should exalt him, That You should set Your heart on him, That You should visit him every morning, And test him every moment? How long? Will You not look away from me, And let me alone till I swallow my saliva? Have I sinned? What have I done to You, O watcher of men? Why have You set me as Your target, So that I am a burden to myself? Why then do You not pardon my transgression, And take away my iniquity? For now I will lie down in the dust, And You will seek me diligently, But I will no longer be.” a. What is man, that You should exalt him . . . And test him every moment?: Job felt at this moment that God’s attention was unwelcome. If all his calamity was from the hand of God, Job wondered why God could not simply leave him alone. i. “The language of verse 17 is too similar to that of Psalm 8 to be a coincidence. Scholars are divided as to which came first.” (Andersen) It would seem best to say that the lines from Job came first, and that David in Psalm 8 re-worked Job’s painful theme into one filled with praise. ii. Job asked, “What is man?” but he didn’t wait for the answer. “Man is more than we guess, else God would never take such time and pains with him. When a lapidary spends years over a single diamond, the most careless observer begins to appraise properly its intrinsic value.” (Meyer) iii. Till I swallow my saliva: “An Arabic idiom, for one instant; Just as we say ‘The twinkling of an eye’ to express the same idea.” (Bullinger) Job wondered why God could not look away from him for just the smallest moment. b. What have I done to You, O watcher of men? “Please God, just leave me alone. How have I wronged You?” Job could not understand why he seemed to be God’s target; and if Job had sinned to cause all his suffering, he asked God “Why then do You not pardon my transgression?” i. Job was so honest with God in passages like Job 7:20 seem to have been altered by Jewish scribes who were uncomfortable with his bold honesty with God. According to Smick, “Ancient scribal tradition and the LXX show the original reading” to be Have I become a burden to you? Most translations, following later Hebrew manuscripts, have it I am burden to myself. Yet the probably original text shows how deep Job’s grief is, feeling himself to be a burden to what feels like an unloving and uncaring God. ii. Job wondered why God bothered with him at all. “Its simple meaning was that God is so great that even if a man did sin, it cannot affect Him. The answer is that this was an altogether too small a thought of God: the truth being that God is so great that He is affected, wounded, robbed by human sin. Job was, like his friends, hindered by a philosophy too narrow.” (Morgan) iii. Once more we benefit from know the story-behind-the-story, which Job and his friends do not know at this point in the narrative. Job believed that God was against him and was punishing him, but it wasn’t true. “Job was not being punished; he was being honored. God was giving to him a name like that of the great ones of the earth. The Lord was lifting him up, promoting him, putting him into the front rank, making a great saint of him, causing him to become one of the fathers and patterns in the ancient Church of God. He was really doing for Job such extraordinarily good things that you or I, in looking back upon his whole history, might well say, ‘I would be quite content to take Job’s afflictions if I might also have Job’s grace, and Job’s place in the Church of God.’” (Spurgeon) c. Now I will lie down in the dust, and You will seek me diligently, but I will no longer be: Job wished he could escape both life and God by going to the dust (his grave). This is one of his obviously pessimistic passages about the afterlife. i. “All Job has known about God he still believes. But God’s inexplicable ways have his mind perplexed to the breaking-point. Job is in the right; but he does not know that God is watching with silent compassion and admiration until the test is fully done and it is time to state His approval publicly (Job 42:8).” (Andersen) ii. “We like to talk about ‘having the faith to be healed,’ but what about having the faith to be sick?” (Mason)

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18. 1 Chronicles 20-29 (David’s Charge to Solomon; God's Temple; The End of David’s Reign)

1 Chronicles 20-29 (David’s Charge to Solomon; God's Temple; The End of David’s Reign)

1 Chronicles 20 - Ammon is Defeated at Rabbah A. The defeat of Ammon. 1. (1) Joab goes back out the next year to get Rabbah of Ammon. It happened in the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle, that Joab led out the armed forces and ravaged the country of the people of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Jerusalem. And Joab defeated Rabbah and overthrew it. a. In the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle: In that part of the world, wars were not normally fought during the winter months because rains and cold weather made travel and campaigning difficult. Fighting resumed in the spring. b. Joab led out the armed forces . . . But David remained at Jerusalem: David should have been out at the battle but he remained behind. In 1 Chronicles 19 Joab and the army of the mighty men were preserved against the Syrians and the Ammonites but they did not win a decisive victory. The decisive victory came when David led the battle at the end of 1 Chronicles 19. Both through custom and experience God told David, “You need to be at the battle.” But David remained at Jerusalem. i. What happened when David remained at Jerusalem was so well known that the Chronicler did not need to record it. In his leisure he saw a woman bathing, acting upon his feelings of lust, committed adultery with her making her pregnant, and conspired with Joab to murder her husband (Uriah, one of David’s mighty men) to cover up his crime. A lot happened between David stayed at Jerusalem and Joab defeated Rabbah. ii. “Beware of moments and hours of ease. It is in these that we most easily fall into the power of Satan. The sultriest summer days are most laden with blight. . . . If we cannot fill our days with our own matters, there is always plenty to be done for others. . . . Watch and pray in days of vacation and ease, even more than at other times.” (Meyer) iii. “There is nothing more full of subtle danger in the life of any servant of God than that he should remain inactive when the enterprises of God demand that he be out on the fields of conflict.” (Morgan) c. Joab defeated Rabbah: In fact, the account in 2 Samuel 12:26-31 tells us that Joab himself did not win this battle over Rabbah. He fought the Ammonites to a stalement and then called for David to help, after his sin and subsequent repentance. Then, 2 Samuel 12:29 tells us, David gathered all the people together and went to Rabbah. This was the final phase of David’s restoration. He went back to doing what he should have done all along - leading Israel out to battle, instead of remaining in Jerusalem. This means that David was in victory once again. His sin did not condemn him to a life of failure and defeat. There was chastisement for David’s sin, but it did not mean that his life was ruined. i. “David’s fall should put those who have not fallen on their guard, and save from despair those who have.” (Augustine) 2. (2-3) David wears the crown of Ammon. Then David took their king's crown from his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it. And it was set on David's head. Also he brought out the spoil of the city in great abundance. And he brought out the people who were in it, and put them to work with saws, with iron picks, and with axes. So David did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem. a. David took their king’s crown . . . it was set on David’s head: David’s sin didn’t take away his crown. Had David refused the voice of Nathan the Prophet it might have. Because David responded with confession and repentance, there was sill a crown for David’s head. i. “David’s rule over Ammon seems to be part of a complex four-stage system of administration of the empire outside the land of Israel. . . . Ammon was most restricted of all, apparently demoted to provincial status.” (Selman) b. He brought out the spoil of the city in great abundance . . . David and all the people returned to Jerusalem: David again increases in might and in wealth, bringing the riches back to Jerusalem for the sake of later building the temple. i. This example of extending Israel’s security with its neighbors fits in with the Chronicler’s broader purpose of showing how David prepared the way for his son to build the temple. B. Other Israeli victories over Philistine giants. 1. (4-7) Three victories over three giants. Now it happened afterward that war broke out at Gezer with the Philistines, at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite killed Sippai, who was one of the sons of the giant. And they were subdued. Again there was war with the Philistines, and Elhanan the son of Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. Yet again there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, with twenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot; and he also was born to the giant. So when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea, David's brother, killed him. a. Now it happened afterward: This description of victory over Philistine giants shows that Israel could slay giants without David. Sibbechai . . . Elhanan . . . Jonathan: These men accomplished heroic deeds when David was finished fighting giants. God will continue to raise up leaders when the leaders of the previous generation pass from the scene. i. David’s legacy lay not only in what he accomplished, but in what he left behind - a people prepared for victory. David’s triumphs were meaningful not only for himself but for others who learned victory through his teaching and example. ii. “The compiler of these books passes by also the incest of Amnon with his sister Tamar, and the rebellion of Absalom, and the awful consequences of all these. These should have preceded the fourth verse. These facts could not be unknown to him, for they were notorious to all; but he saw that they were already amply detailed in books which were accredited among the people, and the relations were such as no friend to piety and humanity could delight to repeat. On these grounds the reader will give him credit for the omission.” (Clarke) b. With tewenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot: Commentators like Adam Clarke can’t resist reminding us that this is a known phenomenon. “This is not a solitary instance: Tavernier informs us that the eldest son of the emperor of Java, who reigned in 1649, had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot . . . I once saw a young girl, in the county of Londonderry, in Ireland, who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, but her stature had nothing gigantic in it.” i. The shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam: “Also has known parallels and is not the unhistorical creation which some have alleged. It was actually a javelin with a loop and cord round the shaft for greater distance and stability, and was known in the Aegean area from the twelfth century B.C. Even the Old Testament reports one in the possession of another non-Israelite (1 Chronicles 11:23).” (Selman) 2. (8) Summary of the victories over the Philistine giants. These were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants. a. These were born to the giant in Gath: Since Goliath was from Gath (1 Samuel 17:4) these were Goliath’s sons or brothers. i. “The Philistine warriors are also all called ‘Rephaites’ (RSV) or descendants of Rapha (‘giants’, NRSV), who were one of the pre-Israelite groups in Canaan (e.g. Genesis 15:20) and famous for their size.” (Selman) b. Fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants: Part of the idea is that David is conquering enemies now so it will be better for Solomon in the future. Our present victory is not only good for us now but it passes something important on to the next generation. i. The defeat of these four giants is rightly credited to the hand of David and the hand of his servants. David had a role in this through his example, guidance, and influence. ii. “Let those who after long service find themselves waning in strength, be content to abide with the people of god, still shining for them as a lamp, and thus enabling them to carry on the same Divine enterprises. Such action in the last days of life is also great and high service.” (Morgan) 1 Chronicles 21 – Where to Build the Temple A. David commands a census to be taken. 1. (1-2) David is moved to take a census. Now Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel. So David said to Joab and to the leaders of the people, “Go, number Israel from Beersheba to Dan, and bring the number of them to me that I may know it.” a. Now Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel: In 2 Samuel 24:1, it tells us that this was initially prompted because the anger of the Lord was aroused against Israel. So we see that Satan moved David yet the LORD expressly allowed it as a chastisement against David. i. There is quite a gap in the historical record that the Chronicler passes over, including many family problems and a civil war. “His reasons for a gap of this length are not difficult to surmise: little of what transpired during those two decades would encourage a postexilic Judah, before whom Ezra was seeking to portray a piety that characterized David as his best.” (Payne) ii. “For the first time in Scripture, the word ‘Satan’ appears without the definite article as a proper noun.” (Payne) iii. “When Satan incites, he is interested merely in his own ends. He neither cares for righteous punishment nor looks for possible repentance, since they are as foreign to his nature as temptation to sin is to God’s.” (Selman) b. Go, number Israel: This was dangerous because of a principle stated in Exodus 30:12: When you take the census of the children of Israel for their number, then every man shall give a ransom for himself to the LORD, when you number them, that there may be no plague among them when you number them. i. The principle of Exodus 30:12 speaks to God’s ownership of His people. In the thinking of these ancient cultures, a man only had the right to count or number what belonged to him. Israel didn’t belong to David; Israel belonged to God. It was up to the LORD to command a counting, and if David counted he should only do it at God’s command and receiving ransom money to “atone” for the counting. ii. “Numbering the hosts of Jehovah is not essentially or necessarily wrong; everything depends on the motive. . . . When it is born of pride, it is the subtlest of perils, inclining us to trust in the multitude of a host, and thus to cease to depend upon God.” (Morgan) iii. “When we are moved to number the people, we may rest assured that the impulse is Divine or Satanic, and we may determine which by the motive. If the motive is service, it is God. If the motive is pride, it is Satanic.” (Morgan) 2. (3-4) Joab objects to the census. And Joab answered, “May the LORD make His people a hundred times more than they are. But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why then does my lord require this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt in Israel?” Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Therefore Joab departed and went throughout all Israel and came to Jerusalem. a. Why then does my lord desire this thing? Joab wasn’t afraid to speak to David when he thought the king was wrong. With the best interest of both David and Israel in mind, Joab tactfully asked David to reconsider this foolish desire to count the nation. i. Joab also hints at the motive behind the counting - pride in David. The this thing that David desired was the increase of the nation, and he perhaps wanted to measure the size of his army to know if he had enough force to conquer a neighboring nation. “He did it out of curiosity and creature-confidence.” (Trapp) ii. We gather from 2 Samuel 24 that this took place late in his reign. So late in his reign, David was tempted to take some of the glory in himself. He looked at how Israel had grown and prospered during his reign - it was remarkable indeed. The count was a way to take credit to himself. “The spirit of vainglory in numbers had taken possession of the people and the king, and there was a tendency to trust in numbers and forget God.” (Morgan) b. Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab: 2 Samuel 24:4 tells us that it wasn’t only Joab who tried to tell David not to do this - the captains of the army also warned David not to count the soldiers in Israel. But David did so anyway. 3. (5-8) The census is made and David is immediately sorry. Then Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to David. All Israel had one million one hundred thousand men who drew the sword, and Judah had four hundred and seventy thousand men who drew the sword. But he did not count Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s word was abominable to Joab. And God was displeased with this thing; therefore He struck Israel. So David said to God, “I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing; but now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.” a. Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to the king: he results showed that there were 1,300,000 fighting men among the twelve tribes, reflecting an estimated total population of about 6 million in Israel. i. 2 Samuel 24:5-9 indicates that it took almost 10 months to complete the census. David should have called off this foolish census during the ten months, but he didn’t. ii. The number given in 2 Samuel 24:5-9 is different than the sum arrived at here. “To attempt to reconcile them in every part is lost labour; better at once acknowledge what cannot be successfully denied, that although the original writers of the Old Testament wrote under the influence of the Divine Spirit, yet we are not told that the same influence descended on all copiers of their words, so as absolutely to prevent them from making mistakes.” (Clarke) iii. But he did not count Levi and Benjamin: “The rabbis give the following reason for this: Joab, seeing that this would bring down destruction upon the people, purposed to save two tribes. Should David ask, Why have you not numbered the Levites? Joab purposed to say, Because the Levites are not reckoned among the children of Israel. Should he ask, Why have you not numbered Benjamin? he would answer, Benjamin has been already sufficiently punished, on account of the treatment of the woman at Gibeah: if, therefore, this tribe were to be again punished, who would remain?” (Clarke) b. Therefore He struck Israel: God would strike Israel with a choice of judgments offered to David. Yet God had already struck Israel by deeply convicting the King of Israel with an acute sense of his sin. c. I have sinned greatly: The man after God’s heart was not sinless, but had a heart sensitive to sin when it was committed. David kept a short account with God. i. “The chief interest of this chapter for us lies in the revelation of the true character of David. His sins were the lapses and accidents of his life. This is not to condone them. It is, however, to emphasize that the habitual set of his life was far otherwise than these sins suggest, and the deepest truth concerning him is revealed, not by the failures, but by his action afterwards.” (Morgan) d. Take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly: David now saw the pride and vainglory that prompted him to do such a foolish thing. 4. (9-12) David is allowed to choose the judgment. And the LORD spoke to Gad, David’s seer, saying, “Go and tell David, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD: “I offer you three things; choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you.”’” So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Choose for yourself, either three years of famine, or three months to be defeated by your foes with the sword of your enemies overtaking you, or else for three days the sword of the LORD; the plague in the land, with the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now consider what answer I should take back to Him who sent me.” a. I offer you three things: God used David’s sin and the resulting chastisement to reveal David’s heart and wisdom. His choice of the following three options would test David: · Three years of famine: This would surely be the death of some in Israel, but the wealthy and resourceful would survive. Israel would have to depend on neighboring nations for food · Three months to be defeated by your foes: This would be the death of some in Israel, but mostly only of soldiers. Israel would have to contend with enemies among neighboring nations · For three days . . . the plague in the land: This would be the death of some in Israel, but anyone could be struck by this plague - rich or poor, influential or anonymous, royalty or common i. “This was a great mercy: David must be whipped; but he may choose his own rod.” (Trapp) b. Now consider what answer I should take back to Him who sent me: God wanted David to use the prophet as a mediator, and to answer to the prophet instead of directly to God. 5. (13) David chooses the three days of plague. And